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Colonic ischemia

Jacqueline J Blank, Abby E Rothstein, Cheong Jun Lee, Michael J Malinowski, Brian D Lewis, Timothy J Ridolfi, Mary F Otterson
Aortic graft infections are a rare but devastating complication of aortic revascularization. Often infections occur due to contamination at the time of surgery. Iatrogenic misplacement of the limbs of an aortobifemoral graft is exceedingly rare, and principles of evaluation and treatment are not well defined. We report 2 cases of aortobifemoral bypass graft malposition through the colon. CASE REPORT: Case 1 is a 54-year-old male who underwent aortobifemoral bypass grafting for acute limb ischemia...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Marietta Zita Poles, Nikolett Bódi, Mária Bagyánszki, Éva Fekete, András Tamás Mészáros, Gabriella Varga, Szilárd Szűcs, Anna Nászai, Liliána Kiss, Andrey V Kozlov, Mihály Boros, József Kaszaki
Our aim was to characterize the main components of the nitrosative response with quantitative changes of the nitrergic myenteric neurons in adjacent intestinal segments after transient superior mesenteric artery occlusion. We also tested the hypothesis that exogenous methane may modulate the evolution of nitroxidation by influencing xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) activity. The microcirculatory consequences of a 50min ischemia or ischemia-reperfusion were investigated in anesthetized rats (n=124) inhaling normoxic air with or without 2...
March 14, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
M Yasar, I Erdi, B Kaya
AIM: We investigated the effects of atorvastatin and N-acetyl cysteine in decreasing ischemia-reperfusion damage after detorsion of a volvulus of the cecum and ascending colon. METHODS: Wistar albino rats (250-300 g) were divided into four groups. A cecal-ascending colon volvulus was created by the intestinal clockwise 720° rotation. At the end of one hour, the bowel was detorsioned. Group I (n = 7) was the sham (laparotomy) group, Group II (n = 7) the control (no treatment, volvulus or detorsion), Group III (n = 7) (N-acetyl cysteine administered ) , and Group IV (n = 7) (atorvastatin administered ) group...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Tadashi Tsubouchi, Takeshi Kunimatsu, Shinji Tsujimoto, Akihiko Kiyoshi, Yasunori Katsura, Seiko Oku, Kazuhiro Chihara, Yukiko Mine, Toru Yamada, Isao Shimizu, Kiyoko Bando
The pharmacological activity of DSP-6952, a novel compound was investigated, compared to that of clinically efficacious gastrointestinal (GI) prokinetic 5-hydroxytryptamine4 (5-HT4 ) receptor agonists. DSP-6952 had a strong affinity of Ki=51.9nM for 5-HT4(b) receptor, and produced contraction in the isolated guinea pig colon with EC50 of 271.6nM and low intrinsic activity of 57%, similar to tegaserod and mosapride. In the development of the 5-HT4 receptor agonists, cardiovascular risk was deliberately evaluated, because some related prokinetics were reported to cause with cardiovascular adverse events, such as ventricular arrhythmias or ischemia...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Jamie E Anderson, Ian E Brown, Kristin A Olson, Katherine Iverson, Christine S Cocanour, Joseph M Galante
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that methamphetamine may increase the risk of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). We describe patterns of presentation and outcomes of patients with methamphetamine use who present with NOMI to a single institution. METHODS: This is an observational study of patients from January 2015 to September 2017 with methamphetamine use who presented with NOMI at an academic medical center in Northern California. We summarize patient co-morbidities, clinical presentation, operative findings, pathologic findings, hospital course, and survival...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Alexandros Charalabopoulos, Ali Kordzadeh, Elias Sdralis, Bruno Lorenzi, Fateh Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy in situs inversus is challenging. With long-segment supercharged reconstruction, it becomes more perplexing and multidisciplinary surgical skills are needed. Challenges met and the surgical technique used is presented in this case report. METHODS: The case of a 49-year old patient with situs inversus abdominus and a locally advanced distal esophageal adenocarcinoma extending to the stomach is presented. RESULTS: Following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and due to inability to use the stomach as a conduit, a thoracoscopic total esophagogastrectomy with long-segment reconstruction was performed...
February 13, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Hossein Tabriziani, Armaghan Ahmad, Roberto Bergamaschi, William H Frishman
Mesenteric ischemia is a rare disorder, with considerably high morbidity and mortality rates. It can manifest in several ways, including acute mesenteric ischemia, chronic mesenteric ischemia, nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia, mesenteric venous thrombosis, and colonic ischemia. Of these, acute mesenteric ischemia is the most severe form of intestinal ischemia, with a high mortality rate. The mainstay of therapy for mesenteric ischemia is surgical exploration and resection of infarcted bowel; however, medical therapy can play an important adjunctive role...
March 2018: Cardiology in Review
Michael Fricker, Bridie J Goggins, Sean Mateer, Bernadette Jones, Richard Y Kim, Shaan L Gellatly, Andrew G Jarnicki, Nicholas Powell, Brian G Oliver, Graham Radford-Smith, Nicholas J Talley, Marjorie M Walker, Simon Keely, Philip M Hansbro
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Cigarette smoke (CS) exposure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are risk factors for CD, although the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. We employed a mouse model of CS-induced experimental COPD and clinical studies to examine these mechanisms. Concurrent with the development of pulmonary pathology and impaired gas exchange, CS-exposed mice developed CD-associated pathology in the colon and ileum, including gut mucosal tissue hypoxia, HIF-2 stabilization, inflammation, increased microvasculature, epithelial cell turnover, and decreased intestinal barrier function...
February 8, 2018: JCI Insight
Takahiro Wada, Kenji Katsumata, Hiroshi Kuwahara, Takaaki Matsudo, Yusuke Murakoshi, Masatoshi Shigoka, Masanobu Enomoto, Tetsuo Ishizaki, Kazuhiko Kasuya, Akihiko Tsuchida
Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia(NOMI)causes intestinal necrosis due to irreversible ischemia of the intestinal tract despite the absence of organic obstruction in the mesenteric blood vessels. The disease has extremely poor prognosis. We encountered 2 cases of NOMI hypothesized to have developed after chemotherapy; thus, we report these cases considering the available literature. Case 1: A7 9-year-old man. The patient complained of abdominal pain during the first week after introducing docetaxel for local recurrence of prostate cancer...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Zhongmin Li, Yanzhuo Su, Xueju Wang, Hongbo Yan, Mingze Sun, Zhenbo Shu
RATIONALE: Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a very rare radiological finding that occurs when gas enters the portal venous system. HGVG can be caused by various diseases, with the most common being intestinal ischemia or necrosis. While there are few reports of HPVG associated with colon cancer, we report a case of HPVG associated with advanced colon cancer. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis of this patient was HPVG caused by colon cancer. INTERVENTIONS: Left colon cancer resection, pancreatic tail resection, splenectomy, and transverse colostomy were performed...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bodil Ohlsson, Rita Gustafsson, Fredrik Swahn, Ervin Toth, Béla Veress, Henrik Thorlacius
Gastrointestinal complaints without obvious organic causes confirmed by clinical laboratory analyses, endoscopy or radiology are often referred to functional entities. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common functional disorder in the gut. Careful examination of these patients may reveal other diagnoses of defined etiologies, e.g., enteric neuropathy, microscopic colitis, and primary Sjögre's syndrome. The present case describes a young patient with incapacitating gastrointestinal symptoms presumed to be IBS, who underwent endoscopic full-thickness biopsy in sigmoid colon...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Naomichi Nishimura, Hiroki Tanabe, Erika Komori, Yumi Sasaki, Ryo Inoue, Tatsuro Yamamoto
The hydrogen molecule (H₂), which has low redox potential, is produced by colonic fermentation. We examined whether increased hydrogen (H₂) concentration in the portal vein in rats fed high amylose maize starch (HAS) helped alleviate oxidative stress, and whether the transplantation of rat colonic microbiota with high H₂ production can shift low H₂-generating rats (LG) to high H₂-generating rats (HG). Rats were fed a 20% HAS diet for 10 days and 13 days in experiments 1 and 2, respectively. After 10 days (experiment 1), rats underwent a hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) operation...
January 29, 2018: Nutrients
James Wei Tatt Toh, Ronnie Matthews, Seon-Hahn Kim
INTRODUCTION: The Arc of Riolan is a strategic vessel that provides collateral mesenteric circulation in 10% of individuals. The importance of identifying and preserving the arc of Riolan in reducing the risk of ischemia to the proximal anastomotic segment after high ligation anterior resection was evaluated. TECHNIQUE: The arc of Riolan is a vessel that crosses anterior to the inferior mesenteric vein horizontally below the level of the pancreas. A retrospective review of all recorded videos of laparoscopic and robotic low and ultra-low anterior resections was performed in September to December 2012 and prospective evaluation in April to July 2013...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Gonca Oguz, Gulcin Senel, Nesteren Kocak
We present a patient with metastatic colon carcinoma who developed paraplegia following a neurolytic splanchnic block. A 41-year old man with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon received a splanchnic neurolytic block using alcohol because of severe abdominal pain. Bilateral motor weakness and a sensorial deficit in both legs developed after the procedure. Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging revealed spinal cord ischemia between T8 and L1. The motor and sensorial deficits were almost completely resolved at the end of the third month...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
Hanlei Zhou, Huawei Shao, Jon Kee Ho, Xingang Wang, Chunmao Han, Guoxian Chen
Chronic or nonhealing wounds is a complex disease influenced by a multitude of factors, such as infection, ischemia, malnutrition, and diabetes and infrequently relates to retroperitoneal carcinoma. We present a case of an adenocarcinoma of ascending colon in a 68-year-old male who had lumbago and waist fistulas with retroperitoneal abscesses preceding other signs or symptoms of colonic malignancy. Supplemental information regarding the diagnosis and treatment of nonhealing wounds and colon carcinoma has also been included in the report...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Antonija Duzel, Josipa Vlainic, Marko Antunovic, Dominik Malekinusic, Borna Vrdoljak, Mariam Samara, Slaven Gojkovic, Ivan Krezic, Tinka Vidovic, Zdenko Bilic, Mario Knezevic, Marko Sever, Nermin Lojo, Antonio Kokot, Marijan Kolovrat, Domagoj Drmic, Jaksa Vukojevic, Tamara Kralj, Katarina Kasnik, Marko Siroglavic, Sven Seiwerth, Predrag Sikiric
AIM: To provide new insights in treatment of colitis and ischemia and reperfusion in rats using stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157. METHODS: Medication [BPC 157, L-NAME, L-arginine (alone/combined), saline] was bath at the blood deprived colon segment. During reperfusion, medication was BPC 157 or saline. We recorded (USB microscope camera) vessel presentation through next 15 min of ischemic colitis (IC-rats) or reperfusion (removed ligations) (IC + RL-rats); oxidative stress as MDA (increased (IC- and IC + RL-rats)) and NO levels (decreased (IC-rats); increased (IC + RL-rats)) in colon tissue...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jessica L Bowser, Luan H Phan, Holger K Eltzschig
Intestinal inflammation is a key element in inflammatory bowel disease and is related to a combination of factors, including genetics, mucosal barrier dysfunction, bacteria translocation, deleterious host-microbe interactions, and dysregulated immune responses. Over the past decade, it has been appreciated that these inflammatory lesions are associated with profound tissue hypoxia. Interestingly, an endogenous adaptive response under the control of hypoxia signaling is enhancement in adenosine signaling, which impacts these different endpoints, including promoting barrier function and encouraging anti-inflammatory activity...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Y L Ye, Z Pang, W Gu, J J Zheng
Objective: To explore the expression of microRNA-155 in colonic mucosa and peripheral blood in patients with inflammatory bowel disease(IBD), and to examine the clinical value and significance of microRNA-155 in the diagnosis of IBD. Methods: Quatitative reverse-transcription PCR was performed to detect the expression of microRNA-155 in 20 patients with Crohn disease(CD), 21 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 18 patients with IBD type unclassified(IBDU), 25 healthy people(control group), 12 patients with infection colitis and 19 patients with ischemia colitis...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Todd A Linsenmeyer
This review is based on the author's Donald Munro Lecture given at the annual conference of the Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals in New Orleans, LA. Indwelling catheters play an important role in bladder management following SCI for many individuals with neurogenic bladders. There is an increased risk of UTI compared to other types of bladder management with indwelling urethral catheters but not SP catheters. To minimize the risk of symptomatic UTI, the following steps are essential: prevent bladder wall distention and resulting ischemia, maintain colonization with "good" bacteria, and prevent bladder stones...
March 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Kiyotaka Hagihara, Hidekazu Takahashi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
A 67-year-old man who presented with a bloody stool was diagnosed with ascending colon cancer. He had previously experienced thoracic and abdominal aortic dissections, which were treated with thoracic and abdominal aortic grafts and superior mesenteric artery revascularization. We performed a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with a D3 lymph node dissection. During the laparotomy, we identified the superior mesenteric artery and an enlarged anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. Injury to the latter artery could lead to severe ischemia in multiple organs; therefore, it was crucial to identify the primary feeding artery and vascular anatomy before and during surgery...
January 11, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
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