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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121152/diagnostic-accuracy-of-traditional-measures-of-phonological-ability-for-bilingual-preschoolers-and-kindergarteners
#1
Leah Fabiano-Smith, Katherine Hoffman
Purpose: Bilingual children whose phonological skills are evaluated using measures designed for monolingual English speakers are at risk for misdiagnosis of speech sound disorders (De Lamo White & Jin, 2011). Method: Forty-four children participated in this study: 15 typically developing monolingual English speakers, 7 monolingual English speakers with phonological disorders, 14 typically developing bilingual Spanish-English speakers, and 8 bilingual children with phonological disorders...
November 9, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114361/meiotic-behaviour-and-its-implication-on-species-inter-relationship-in-the-genus-curcuma-linnaeus-1753-zingiberaceae
#2
Judith Mary Lamo, Satyawada Rama Rao
In this paper, detailed meiotic analysis was investigated in seven species of Curcuma (Linnaeus, 1753) which can contribute significantly to our understanding about species inter-relationship, speciation and evolution. The species were divided into two groups viz., Group I having 2n = 42 (C. comosa Roxburgh, 1810, C. haritha Mangaly & M.Sabu, 1993, C. mangga Valeton & Zijp, 1917, and C. motana Roxburgh, 1800) and Group II with 2n = 63 (C. caesia Roxburgh, 1810, C. longa Linnaeus, 1753 and C. sylvatica Valeton, 1918)...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875402/stable-scalp-eeg-spatiospectral-patterns-across-paradigms-estimated-by-group-ica
#3
René Labounek, David A Bridwell, Radek Mareček, Martin Lamoš, Michal Mikl, Tomáš Slavíček, Petr Bednařík, Jaromír Baštinec, Petr Hluštík, Milan Brázdil, Jiří Jan
Electroencephalography (EEG) oscillations reflect the superposition of different cortical sources with potentially different frequencies. Various blind source separation (BSS) approaches have been developed and implemented in order to decompose these oscillations, and a subset of approaches have been developed for decomposition of multi-subject data. Group independent component analysis (Group ICA) is one such approach, revealing spatiospectral maps at the group level with distinct frequency and spatial characteristics...
September 5, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832836/microencapsulation-of-essential-thyme-oil-by-spray-drying-and-its-antimicrobial-evaluation-against-vibrio-alginolyticus-and-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#4
O Tomazelli, F Kuhn, P J M Padilha, L R M Vicente, S W Costa, A A Boligon, J Scapinello, C N Nesi, J Dal Magro, S Lamo Castellví
The aims of this research were first, to evaluate the antibacterial potential of commercial thyme essential oil against V. alginolyticus and V. parahaemolyticys and second, using the spray drying technique to produce microcapsules. chemical compounds of thyme oil and microcapsules were identified and quantified being thymol the chemical component present at the highest concentration. Oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions were prepared and the microcapsules were obtained with a spray dryer using maltodextrin as wall material (ratio 1:4)...
August 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815289/-aggressive-primary-cutaneous-b-cell-lymphomas-and-novel-ebv-entities
#5
REVIEW
C Lamos, E Dippel
Primary cutaneous large B‑cell lymphomas (PCBLT), EBV-positive large B‑cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (EBV+ DLBCL, NOS), and primary cutaneous intravascular large B‑cell lymphomas (PCIVLBL) are recognized as cutaneous lymphomas with intermediate to poor prognosis. Differentiation from indolent B‑cell lymphomas or other pathologies of the skin can be complex, both clinically and histologically, but vital for the outcome of the patient. The combination of immunotherapy and polychemotherapy regimens, such as R‑CHOP, has led to significant improvements in prognosis, especially in diffuse large B‑cell lymphomas...
September 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673751/intensive-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-changes-eeg-microstates-in-schizophrenia-a-pilot-study
#6
Tomas Sverak, Lenka Albrechtova, Martin Lamos, Irena Rektorova, Libor Ustohal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641116/mechanisms-for-selective-single-cell-reactivation-during-offline-sharp-wave-ripples-and-their-distortion-by-fast-ripples
#7
Manuel Valero, Robert G Averkin, Ivan Fernandez-Lamo, Juan Aguilar, Diego Lopez-Pigozzi, Jorge R Brotons-Mas, Elena Cid, Gabor Tamas, Liset Menendez de la Prida
Memory traces are reactivated selectively during sharp-wave ripples. The mechanisms of selective reactivation, and how degraded reactivation affects memory, are poorly understood. We evaluated hippocampal single-cell activity during physiological and pathological sharp-wave ripples using juxtacellular and intracellular recordings in normal and epileptic rats with different memory abilities. CA1 pyramidal cells participate selectively during physiological events but fired together during epileptic fast ripples...
June 21, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462981/german-muslims-and-their-engagement-in-participatory-culture-reflections-on-civic-and-artistic-contributions-to-the-public-sphere
#8
Asmaa Soliman
This paper examines publics of young German Muslims. Case studies include the singer Huelya Kandemir, the theatre group Uma Lamo and the social network Zahnräder. By focusing on spiritual music publics, theatrical comedy publics and social publics, it tries a new approach to the way in which we understand minority public engagement. In addition to examining the concept of counterpublics, it utilizes the concept of participatory culture, which offers a relevant complement. The study argues that the publics of young German Muslims display multifaceted artistic and civic engagement, which can best be understood in terms of participation in cultural or civic productions and contribution to the wider German public...
April 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449622/diabetes-type-2-management-what-are-the-differences-between-dpp-4-inhibitors-and-how-do-you-choose
#9
Kashif M Munir, Elizabeth M Lamos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438969/intracellular-in-vivo-dynamics-of-thalamocortical-synapses-in-visual-cortex
#10
Madineh Sedigh-Sarvestani, Leif Vigeland, Ivan Fernandez-Lamo, M Morgan Taylor, Larry A Palmer, Diego Contreras
Seminal studies of the thalamocortical circuit in the visual system of the cat have been central to our understanding of sensory encoding. However, thalamocortical synaptic properties remain poorly understood. We used paired recordings, in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and primary visual cortex (V1), to provide the first in vivo characterization of sensory-driven thalamocortical potentials in V1. The amplitudes of EPSPs we characterized were smaller than those previously reported in vitro Consistent with prior findings, connected LGN-V1 pairs were only found when their receptive fields (RFs) overlapped, and the probability of connection increased steeply with degree of RF overlap and response similarity...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276778/glp-1-receptor-agonists-in-the-treatment-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Elizabeth Mary Lamos, Rana Malek, Stephen N Davis
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affects many women of child-bearing age and is characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory and metabolic dysfunction. A primary treatment goal is weight reduction. The weight loss effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA), previously demonstrated in diabetic and obese non-diabetic patients, offer a unique opportunity to expand the medical options available to PCOS patients. Areas covered: Available clinical trials of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist therapy in PCOS were reviewed...
April 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199479/when-and-where-learning-is-taking-place-multisynaptic-changes-in-strength-during-different-behaviors-related-to-the-acquisition-of-an-operant-conditioning-task-by-behaving-rats
#12
Iván Fernández-Lamo, José M Delgado-García, Agnès Gruart
Although it is generally assumed that brain circuits are modified by new experiences, the question of which changes in synaptic efficacy take place in cortical and subcortical circuits across the learning process remains unanswered. Rats were trained in the acquisition of an operant conditioning in a Skinner box provided with light beams to detect animals' approaches to lever and feeder. Behaviors such as pressing the lever, eating, exploring, and grooming were also recorded. Animals were chronically implanted with stimulating and recording electrodes in hippocampal, prefrontal, and subcortical sites relevant to the task...
February 14, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115861/role-of-glycemic-control-on-hospital-related-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-renal-transplantation
#13
Elizabeth M Lamos, Marniker A Wijesinha, Seba Ramhmdani, Laurence S Magder, Kristi D Silver
OBJECTIVE: To compare length of stay (LOS) and incidence of hypoglycemic events and infections in hospitalized patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) undergoing renal transplantation, among groups of patients defined by admission glucose and mean inpatient daily glucose. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 190 charts of patients with DM who underwent renal transplantation over a 2-year period was conducted. Patients were grouped according to admission glucose and mean inpatient daily glucose (≤140 mg/dL, 141-180 mg/dL, and >180 mg/dL)...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095199/multiway-array-decomposition-of-eeg-spectrum-implications-of-its-stability-for-the-exploration-of-large-scale-brain-networks
#14
Radek Mareček, Martin Lamoš, René Labounek, Marek Bartoň, Tomáš Slavíček, Michal Mikl, Ivan Rektor, Milan Brázdil
Multiway array decomposition methods have been shown to be promising statistical tools for identifying neural activity in the EEG spectrum. They blindly decompose the EEG spectrum into spatial-temporal-spectral patterns by taking into account inherent relationships among signals acquired at different frequencies and sensors. Our study evaluates the stability of spatial-temporal-spectral patterns derived by one particular method, parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC). We focused on patterns' stability over time and in population and divided the complete data set containing data from 50 healthy subjects into several subsets...
April 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086766/psychoeducational-preventive-treatment-for-women-at-risk-of-postpartum-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-progea
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amaia Ugarte Ugarte, Purificación López-Peña, Carmen Serrulla Vangeneberg, Julia Gemma Torregaray Royo, Maria Asunción Arrieta Ugarte, Maria Teresa Zabalza Compains, Maria Pilar Riaño Medrano, Nerea Muñoz Toyos, Edurne Arenaza Lamo, Maria Begoña Beneitez Dueñas, Ana González-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is a disease with a prevalence of 20% that has deleterious consequences not only for the mother but also for the baby and can cause delays in physical, social and cognitive development. In this context, the European Union Committee on Public Health has declared it essential that preventative measures are taken by centres providing care for women with a multidisciplinary approach. PROGEA is a multicentre, single-blind randomized, 3-year, longitudinal clinical trial aiming to evaluate the efficacy of a psychoeducational programme in preventing postpartum depression in at-risk women, based on a range of clinical variables, and explore prognostic factors...
January 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907089/detection-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-patients-with-vaginal-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#16
Cristina Lamos, Charlotte Mihaljevic, Sebastian Aulmann, Thomas Bruckner, Christoph Domschke, Markus Wallwiener, Carmen Paringer, Herbert Fluhr, Sarah Schott, Christine Dinkic, Janina Brucker, Michael Golatta, Lisa Gensthaler, Michael Eichbaum, Christof Sohn, Joachim Rom
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) is a pre-malignant lesion, potentially leading to vaginal cancer. It is a rare disease, representing less than 1% of all intraepithelial neoplasia of the female genital tract. Similar to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), there are three different grades of VAIN. VAIN 1 is also known as a low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), whereas VAIN 2 and VAIN 3 both represent high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896315/altered-oscillatory-dynamics-of-ca1-parvalbumin-basket-cells-during-theta-gamma-rhythmopathies-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#17
Diego Lopez-Pigozzi, François Laurent, Jorge R Brotons-Mas, Mario Valderrama, Manuel Valero, Ivan Fernandez-Lamo, Elena Cid, Daniel Gomez-Dominguez, Beatriz Gal, Liset Menendez de la Prida
Recent reports in human demonstrate a role of theta-gamma coupling in memory for spatial episodes and a lack of coupling in people experiencing temporal lobe epilepsy, but the mechanisms are unknown. Using multisite silicon probe recordings of epileptic rats engaged in episodic-like object recognition tasks, we sought to evaluate the role of theta-gamma coupling in the absence of epileptiform activities. Our data reveal a specific association between theta-gamma (30-60 Hz) coupling at the proximal stratum radiatum of CA1 and spatial memory deficits...
November 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869181/functional-states-of-rat-cortical-circuits-during-the-unpredictable-availability-of-a-reward-related-cue
#18
Iván Fernández-Lamo, Raudel Sánchez-Campusano, Agnès Gruart, José M Delgado-García M
Proper performance of acquired abilities can be disturbed by the unexpected occurrence of external changes. Rats trained with an operant conditioning task (to press a lever in order to obtain a food pellet) using a fixed-ratio (1:1) schedule were subsequently placed in a Skinner box in which the lever could be removed randomly. Field postsynaptic potentials (fPSPs) were chronically evoked in perforant pathway-hippocampal CA1 (PP-CA1), CA1-subiculum (CA1-SUB), CA1-medial prefrontal cortex (CA1-mPFC), mPFC-nucleus accumbens (mPFC-NAc), and mPFC-basolateral amygdala (mPFC-BLA) synapses during lever IN and lever OUT situations...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706501/frequency-of-adverse-events-before-during-and-after-hospital-admission
#19
Lindsay D Croft, Michael E Liquori, James Ladd, Hannah R Day, Lisa Pineles, Elizabeth M Lamos, Preeti Mehrotra, Eli N Perencevich, Anthony D Harris, Daniel J Morgan
OBJECTIVES: Adverse events (AEs) are unintended physical injuries resulting from or contributed to by medical or surgical care. We determined the frequency and type of AEs before, during, and after hospital admission. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 296 adult hospital patients. We used the standardized Institute for Healthcare Improvement Global Trigger Tool for Measuring Adverse Events to review the medical records of the hospital patients for occurrence, timing relative to hospital admission, severity, and preventability of AEs...
October 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565858/intra-articular-injection-of-two-different-doses-of-autologous-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-versus-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-phase-i-ii
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
José M Lamo-Espinosa, Gonzalo Mora, Juan F Blanco, Froilán Granero-Moltó, Jorge M Nuñez-Córdoba, Carmen Sánchez-Echenique, José M Bondía, Jesús Dámaso Aquerreta, Enrique J Andreu, Enrique Ornilla, Eva M Villarón, Andrés Valentí-Azcárate, Fermín Sánchez-Guijo, María Consuelo Del Cañizo, Juan Ramón Valentí-Nin, Felipe Prósper
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells are a promising option to treat knee osteoarthritis. Their safety and usefulness must be confirmed and the optimal dose established. We tested increasing doses of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) in combination with hyaluronic acid in a randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS: A phase I/II multicenter randomized clinical trial with active control was conducted. Thirty patients diagnosed with knee OA were randomly assigned to intraarticularly administered hyaluronic acid alone (control), or together with 10 × 10(6) or 100 × 10(6) cultured autologous BM-MSCs, and followed up for 12 months...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
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