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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462981/german-muslims-and-their-engagement-in-participatory-culture-reflections-on-civic-and-artistic-contributions-to-the-public-sphere
#1
Asmaa Soliman
This paper examines publics of young German Muslims. Case studies include the singer Huelya Kandemir, the theatre group Uma Lamo and the social network Zahnräder. By focusing on spiritual music publics, theatrical comedy publics and social publics, it tries a new approach to the way in which we understand minority public engagement. In addition to examining the concept of counterpublics, it utilizes the concept of participatory culture, which offers a relevant complement. The study argues that the publics of young German Muslims display multifaceted artistic and civic engagement, which can best be understood in terms of participation in cultural or civic productions and contribution to the wider German public...
April 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449622/diabetes-type-2-management-what-are-the-differences-between-dpp-4-inhibitors-and-how-do-you-choose
#2
Kashif M Munir, Elizabeth M Lamos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438969/intracellular-in-vivo-dynamics-of-thalamocortical-synapses-in-visual-cortex
#3
Madineh Sedigh-Sarvestani, Leif Vigeland, Ivan Fernandez-Lamo, Morgan Taylor, Larry A Palmer, Diego Contreras
Seminal studies of the thalamocortical (TC) circuit in the visual system of the cat have been central to our understanding of sensory encoding. However, TC synaptic properties remain poorly understood. We used paired recordings, in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and primary visual cortex (V1), to provide the first in vivo characterization of sensory-driven TC potentials in V1. The amplitudes of EPSPs we characterized were smaller than those previously reported in vitro. Consistent with prior findings, connected LGN-V1 pairs were only found when their receptive fields (RFs) overlapped, and the probability of connection increased steeply with degree of RF overlap and response similarity...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276778/glp-1-receptor-agonists-in-the-treatment-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth Mary Lamos, Rana Malek, Stephen N Davis
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affects many women of child-bearing age and is characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory and metabolic dysfunction. A primary treatment goal is weight reduction. The weight loss effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA), previously demonstrated in diabetic and obese non-diabetic patients, offer a unique opportunity to expand the medical options available to PCOS patients. Areas covered: Available clinical trials of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist therapy in PCOS were reviewed...
April 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199479/when-and-where-learning-is-taking-place-multisynaptic-changes-in-strength-during-different-behaviors-related-to-the-acquisition-of-an-operant-conditioning-task-by-behaving-rats
#5
Iván Fernández-Lamo, José M Delgado-García, Agnès Gruart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115861/role-of-glycemic-control-on-hospital-related-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-renal-transplantation
#6
Elizabeth M Lamos, Marniker A Wijesinha, Seba Ramhmdani, Laurence S Magder, Kristi D Silver
OBJECTIVE: To compare length of stay (LOS) and incidence of hypoglycemic events and infections in hospitalized patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) undergoing renal transplantation, among groups of patients defined by admission glucose and mean inpatient daily glucose. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 190 charts of patients with DM who underwent renal transplantation over a 2-year period was conducted. Patients were grouped according to admission glucose and mean inpatient daily glucose (≤140 mg/dL, 141-180 mg/dL, and >180 mg/dL)...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095199/multiway-array-decomposition-of-eeg-spectrum-implications-of-its-stability-for-the-exploration-of-large-scale-brain-networks
#7
Radek Mareček, Martin Lamoš, René Labounek, Marek Bartoň, Tomáš Slavíček, Michal Mikl, Ivan Rektor, Milan Brázdil
Multiway array decomposition methods have been shown to be promising statistical tools for identifying neural activity in the EEG spectrum. They blindly decompose the EEG spectrum into spatial-temporal-spectral patterns by taking into account inherent relationships among signals acquired at different frequencies and sensors. Our study evaluates the stability of spatial-temporal-spectral patterns derived by one particular method, parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC). We focused on patterns' stability over time and in population and divided the complete data set containing data from 50 healthy subjects into several subsets...
April 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086766/psychoeducational-preventive-treatment-for-women-at-risk-of-postpartum-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-progea
#8
Amaia Ugarte Ugarte, Purificación López-Peña, Carmen Serrulla Vangeneberg, Julia Gemma Torregaray Royo, Maria Asunción Arrieta Ugarte, Maria Teresa Zabalza Compains, Maria Pilar Riaño Medrano, Nerea Muñoz Toyos, Edurne Arenaza Lamo, Maria Begoña Beneitez Dueñas, Ana González-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is a disease with a prevalence of 20% that has deleterious consequences not only for the mother but also for the baby and can cause delays in physical, social and cognitive development. In this context, the European Union Committee on Public Health has declared it essential that preventative measures are taken by centres providing care for women with a multidisciplinary approach. PROGEA is a multicentre, single-blind randomized, 3-year, longitudinal clinical trial aiming to evaluate the efficacy of a psychoeducational programme in preventing postpartum depression in at-risk women, based on a range of clinical variables, and explore prognostic factors...
January 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907089/detection-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-patients-with-vaginal-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#9
Cristina Lamos, Charlotte Mihaljevic, Sebastian Aulmann, Thomas Bruckner, Christoph Domschke, Markus Wallwiener, Carmen Paringer, Herbert Fluhr, Sarah Schott, Christine Dinkic, Janina Brucker, Michael Golatta, Lisa Gensthaler, Michael Eichbaum, Christof Sohn, Joachim Rom
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) is a pre-malignant lesion, potentially leading to vaginal cancer. It is a rare disease, representing less than 1% of all intraepithelial neoplasia of the female genital tract. Similar to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), there are three different grades of VAIN. VAIN 1 is also known as a low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), whereas VAIN 2 and VAIN 3 both represent high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896315/altered-oscillatory-dynamics-of-ca1-parvalbumin-basket-cells-during-theta-gamma-rhythmopathies-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#10
Diego Lopez-Pigozzi, François Laurent, Jorge R Brotons-Mas, Mario Valderrama, Manuel Valero, Ivan Fernandez-Lamo, Elena Cid, Daniel Gomez-Dominguez, Beatriz Gal, Liset Menendez de la Prida
Recent reports in human demonstrate a role of theta-gamma coupling in memory for spatial episodes and a lack of coupling in people experiencing temporal lobe epilepsy, but the mechanisms are unknown. Using multisite silicon probe recordings of epileptic rats engaged in episodic-like object recognition tasks, we sought to evaluate the role of theta-gamma coupling in the absence of epileptiform activities. Our data reveal a specific association between theta-gamma (30-60 Hz) coupling at the proximal stratum radiatum of CA1 and spatial memory deficits...
November 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869181/functional-states-of-rat-cortical-circuits-during-the-unpredictable-availability-of-a-reward-related-cue
#11
Iván Fernández-Lamo, Raudel Sánchez-Campusano, Agnès Gruart, José M Delgado-García M
Proper performance of acquired abilities can be disturbed by the unexpected occurrence of external changes. Rats trained with an operant conditioning task (to press a lever in order to obtain a food pellet) using a fixed-ratio (1:1) schedule were subsequently placed in a Skinner box in which the lever could be removed randomly. Field postsynaptic potentials (fPSPs) were chronically evoked in perforant pathway-hippocampal CA1 (PP-CA1), CA1-subiculum (CA1-SUB), CA1-medial prefrontal cortex (CA1-mPFC), mPFC-nucleus accumbens (mPFC-NAc), and mPFC-basolateral amygdala (mPFC-BLA) synapses during lever IN and lever OUT situations...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706501/frequency-of-adverse-events-before-during-and-after-hospital-admission
#12
Lindsay D Croft, Michael E Liquori, James Ladd, Hannah R Day, Lisa Pineles, Elizabeth M Lamos, Preeti Mehrotra, Eli N Perencevich, Anthony D Harris, Daniel J Morgan
OBJECTIVES: Adverse events (AEs) are unintended physical injuries resulting from or contributed to by medical or surgical care. We determined the frequency and type of AEs before, during, and after hospital admission. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 296 adult hospital patients. We used the standardized Institute for Healthcare Improvement Global Trigger Tool for Measuring Adverse Events to review the medical records of the hospital patients for occurrence, timing relative to hospital admission, severity, and preventability of AEs...
October 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565858/intra-articular-injection-of-two-different-doses-of-autologous-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-versus-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-phase-i-ii
#13
José M Lamo-Espinosa, Gonzalo Mora, Juan F Blanco, Froilán Granero-Moltó, Jorge M Nuñez-Córdoba, Carmen Sánchez-Echenique, José M Bondía, Jesús Dámaso Aquerreta, Enrique J Andreu, Enrique Ornilla, Eva M Villarón, Andrés Valentí-Azcárate, Fermín Sánchez-Guijo, María Consuelo Del Cañizo, Juan Ramón Valentí-Nin, Felipe Prósper
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells are a promising option to treat knee osteoarthritis. Their safety and usefulness must be confirmed and the optimal dose established. We tested increasing doses of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) in combination with hyaluronic acid in a randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS: A phase I/II multicenter randomized clinical trial with active control was conducted. Thirty patients diagnosed with knee OA were randomly assigned to intraarticularly administered hyaluronic acid alone (control), or together with 10 × 10(6) or 100 × 10(6) cultured autologous BM-MSCs, and followed up for 12 months...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467569/pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-fixed-ratio-combination-of-insulin-degludec-and-liraglutide-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth Mary Lamos, Stephen N Davis
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a complex disease requiring individualized and often multi-faceted treatment plans. Balancing glycemic control with adverse medication side effects can be challenging. Combination therapy of basal insulin and GLP-1 receptor agonist therapy appears to provide a balance between glycemic efficacy, hypoglycemia and weight gain. AREAS COVERED: Available pharmacokinetic data, clinical trials and abstracts regarding fixed-ratio combination of insulin degludec and liraglutide were reviewed...
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432759/what-can-be-found-in-scalp-eeg-spectrum-beyond-common-frequency-bands-eeg-fmri-study
#15
R Marecek, M Lamos, M Mikl, M Barton, J Fajkus, Rektor, M Brazdil
OBJECTIVE: The scalp EEG spectrum is a frequently used marker of neural activity. Commonly, the preprocessing of EEG utilizes constraints, e.g. dealing with a predefined subset of electrodes or a predefined frequency band of interest. Such treatment of the EEG spectrum neglects the fact that particular neural processes may be reflected in several frequency bands and/or several electrodes concurrently, and can overlook the complexity of the structure of the EEG spectrum. APPROACH: We showed that the EEG spectrum structure can be described by parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC), a method which blindly uncovers the spatial-temporal-spectral patterns of EEG...
August 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268470/cardiovascular-effects-of-anti-diabetes-drugs
#16
REVIEW
Lisa M Younk, Elizabeth M Lamos, Stephen N Davis
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease remains the major contributor to morbidity and mortality in diabetes. From the need to reduce cardiovascular risk in diabetes and to ensure that such risk is not exacerbated by drug treatments, governmental regulators and drug manufacturers have focused on clinical trials evaluating cardiovascular outcomes. AREAS COVERED: Findings from mechanistic and clinical trials of biguanides, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists, and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors will be reviewed...
September 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187484/linking-findings-in-microfluidics-to-membrane-emulsification-process-design-the-importance-of-wettability-and-component-interactions-with-interfaces
#17
REVIEW
Karin Schroën, Montse Ferrando, Silvia de Lamo-Castellví, Sami Sahin, Carme Güell
In microfluidics and other microstructured devices, wettability changes, as a result of component interactions with the solid wall, can have dramatic effects. In emulsion separation and emulsification applications, the desired behavior can even be completely lost. Wettability changes also occur in one phase systems, but the effect is much more far-reaching when using two-phase systems. For microfluidic emulsification devices, this can be elegantly demonstrated and quantified for EDGE (Edge-base Droplet GEneration) devices that have a specific behavior that allows us to distinguish between surfactant and liquid interactions with the solid surface...
2016: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147472/functional-amyloids-as-inhibitors-of-plasmid-dna-replication
#18
Laura Molina-García, Fátima Gasset-Rosa, María Moreno-Del Álamo, M Elena Fernández-Tresguerres, Susana Moreno-Díaz de la Espina, Rudi Lurz, Rafael Giraldo
DNA replication is tightly regulated to constrain the genetic material within strict spatiotemporal boundaries and copy numbers. Bacterial plasmids are autonomously replicating DNA molecules of much clinical, environmental and biotechnological interest. A mechanism used by plasmids to prevent over-replication is 'handcuffing', i.e. inactivating the replication origins in two DNA molecules by holding them together through a bridge built by a plasmid-encoded initiator protein (Rep). Besides being involved in handcuffing, the WH1 domain in the RepA protein assembles as amyloid fibres upon binding to DNA in vitro...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141314/influence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-on-symptoms-and-signs-of-menopause
#19
Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Edwin Adiel Calzada-Torres, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Alma Rosa Pérez-Álamos, Raquel Vaquera-Enriquez, Arturo Díaz-Herrera, Raúl Segura-Moreno, María de Lourdes Guerrero-Carbajal, María Guadalupe Rentería-López, Isabel Beristain García, Elizabeth Rábago-Sánchez, Oliver Liesenfeld
Some symptoms of menopause have also been described in patients with toxoplasmosis. Whether Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection has any influence on clinical manifestations of menopause is yet unknown. We sought to determine whether T. gondii exposure is associated with symptoms and signs of menopause. We performed a cross-sectional study of women attending a public health center in Durango City, Mexico. Participants were examined for the presence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies using enzyme-linked immunoassays...
March 2016: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098919/what-s-the-meaning-of-this-a-behavioral-and-neurophysiological-investigation-into-the-principles-behind-the-classification-of-visual-emotional-stimuli
#20
Kristína Czekóová, Daniel J Shaw, Tomáš Urbánek, Jan Chládek, Martin Lamoš, Robert Roman, Milan Brázdil
Two experiments were performed to investigate the principles by which emotional stimuli are classified on the dimensions of valence and arousal. In Experiment 1, a large sample of healthy participants rated emotional stimuli according to both broad dimensions. Hierarchical cluster analyses performed on these ratings revealed that stimuli were clustered according to their semantic content at the beginning of the agglomerative process. Example semantic themes include food, violence, nudes, death, and objects...
August 2016: Psychophysiology
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