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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160470/actions-of-nurses-in-early-detection-of-breast-cancer
#1
Fabiana Barbosa Barreto Melo, Carla Andréia Vilanova Marques, Anderson da Silva Rosa, Elisabeth Niglio de Figueiredo, Maria Gaby Rivero de Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: Identify the actions for early detection of breast cancer performed by nurses from basic health units; compare the compliance of these actions with the recommendations from the Ministry of Health; analyze the availability of documents to check these recommendations and analyze the association of variables "training," "lato sensu training," and "years of activity" of these professionals with the actions performed. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted with 133 nurses from 38 basic health units in the Southeast region of the municipality of São Paulo, interviewed with a validated questionnaire...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155808/a-hierarchical-stochastic-model-for-bistable-perception
#2
Stefan Albert, Katharina Schmack, Philipp Sterzer, Gaby Schneider
Viewing of ambiguous stimuli can lead to bistable perception alternating between the possible percepts. During continuous presentation of ambiguous stimuli, percept changes occur as single events, whereas during intermittent presentation of ambiguous stimuli, percept changes occur at more or less regular intervals either as single events or bursts. Response patterns can be highly variable and have been reported to show systematic differences between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. Existing models of bistable perception often use detailed assumptions and large parameter sets which make parameter estimation challenging...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154718/pesticide-residues-in-food-attitudes-beliefs-and-misconceptions-among-conventional-and-organic-consumers
#3
Severine Koch, Astrid Epp, Mark Lohmann, Gaby-Fleur Böl
Pesticide use and pesticide residues in foods have been the subject of controversial public discussions and media coverage in Germany. Against this background, a better understanding of public risk perceptions is needed to promote efficient public health communication. To this end, this study captures the German public's perception of pesticide residues in foods. A representative sample of the population aged 14 years and older (n = 1,004) was surveyed via computer-assisted telephone interviewing on their attitudes and knowledge with regard to pesticide residues...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153508/patient-characteristics-in-variable-left-ventricular-recovery-from-takotsubo-syndrome
#4
Jae I Kim, Charan Yerasi, Alaa Azzouqa, Edward Koiffman, Gaby Weissman, Zuyue Wang, John Moran, Rebecca Torguson, Lowell F Satler, Augusto D Pichard, Ron Waksman, Joseph Lindsay, Itsik Ben-Dor
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is a heart failure syndrome which is usually reversible. Factors associated with degree of recovery of left ventricular systolic function in TTS are poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 90 TTS patients treated at our institution from 2006 to 2014. Patients were grouped based on recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on follow-up transthoracic echocardiogram as left ventricular ejection fraction <50% (partial group) or preserved ejection fraction ≥50% (full group)...
October 5, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151847/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-5-year-descriptive-study-from-the-national-trauma-center-in-qatar
#5
Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Hassan Al-Thani, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Gaby Jabbour, Khalid A Alyafei
Background: The epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of pediatric traumatic brain injury (pTBI) have not been adequately documented from the rapidly developing countries in the Arab Middle East. We aimed to describe the hospital-based epidemiologic characteristics, injury mechanisms, clinical presentation, and outcomes of pTBI and analyze key characteristics and determinant of pTBI that could help to make recommendations for policies to improve their care. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study in a level 1 trauma center (2010-2014) for all pTBI patients...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146520/patterns-of-resistance-associated-substitutions-in-patients-with-chronic-hcv-infection-following-treatment-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#6
Julia Dietz, Simone Susser, Johannes Vermehren, Kai-Henrik Peiffer, Georgios Grammatikos, Annemarie Berger, Peter Ferenci, Maria Buti, Beat Müllhaupt, Bela Hunyady, Holger Hinrichsen, Stefan Mauss, Jörg Petersen, Peter Buggisch, Gisela Felten, Dietrich Hüppe, Gaby Knecht, Thomas Lutz, Eckart Schott, Christoph Berg, Ulrich Spengler, Thomas von Hahn, Thomas Berg, Stefan Zeuzem, Christoph Sarrazin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about substitutions that mediate resistance of HCV to direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), due to the small number of patients with treatment failure in approval studies. It is important to identify resistance patterns to select effective salvage treatments. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive analysis for resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) in HCV genes (NS3, NS5A, NS5B) targeted by DAAs. We compared NS3, NS5A, and NS5B sequences from 626 patients in Europe with DAA failure with sequences from 2322 DAA-naïve patients, infected with HCV genotypes 1-4...
November 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141991/human-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-does-not-provide-metabolic-protection-against-dysglycemia-in-mice
#7
Yael Sofer, Nava Nevo, Michal Vechoropulus, Gabi Shefer, Esther Osher, Nathan Landis, Geoffrey L Hammond, Naftali Stern
BACKGROUND: Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is the main transporter of sex hormones in most vertebrates. Low SHBG levels have been linked to increased propensity for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Polymorphisms of the SHBG gene linked to low SHBG protein levels, also strongly predicted increased risk of type 2 diabetes, thus raising the possibility that SHBG may play a role in the in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and diabetes. AIM: To examine whether expression of human SHBG in mice may ameliorate the development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in response to a high fat diet...
November 15, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140443/dc-sign-polymorphisms-associated-with-risk-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-but-not-among-injecting-drug-users
#8
Gaby S Steba, Sylvie M Koekkoek, Joost W Vanhommerig, Kees Brinkman, David Kwa, Jan T M Van Der Meer, Maria Prins, Ben Berkhout, Michael Tanck, William A Paxton, Richard Molenkamp, Janke Schinkel
We aimed to identify whether genetic polymorphisms within L-SIGN or DC-SIGN correlate with HCV susceptibility. An MSM and an IDU cohort of HCV cases and multiple-exposed uninfected controls were genotyped for numerous L-SIGN and DC-SIGN polymorphisms. DC-SIGN SNPs -139, -871 and -939 correlate with HCV acquisition in the MSM cohort only. When the same SNPs were introduced into a transcription activity assay they demonstrated a reduction in expression with predicted alteration in binding of transcription factors...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126593/the-impact-of-the-repeal-of-michigan-s-universal-helmet-law-on-traumatic-brain-injury-a-statewide-analysis
#9
Rachel N Saunders, Nicholas S Adams, Alistair J Chapman, Alan T Davis, Tracy J Koehler, Luke T Durling, Gaby A Iskander, John A Girotto
BACKGROUND: In April of 2012, Michigan repealed its 35-year-old universal motorcycle helmet law in favor of a partial helmet law, which permits motorcyclists older than 21 years old with sufficient insurance and experience to drive un-helmeted. We evaluated the clinical impact of the repeal. METHODS: The Michigan Trauma Quality Improvement Program's trauma database was queried for motorcycle crash patients between 1/1/09-4/12/12 and between 4/13/12-12/31/14. RESULTS: There were 1970 patients in the pre-repeal analysis and 2673 patients in the post-repeal analysis...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106709/a-new-genetic-background-for-the-jr-a-blood-group-phenotype-caused-by-the-abcg2-439t-allele-encoding-a-p-arg147trp-change
#10
Carola Wieckhusen, Gabi Rink, Erwin A Scharberg, Sina Rothenberger, Annette Stürtzel, Ekkehard Richter, Peter Bugert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094768/how-do-self-assessment-of-alexithymia-and-sensitivity-to-bodily-sensations-relate-to-alcohol-consumption
#11
Sophie Betka, Gaby Pfeifer, Sarah Garfinkel, Hielke Prins, Rod Bond, Henrique Sequeira, Theodora Duka, Hugo Critchley
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia describes an abnormality of emotional experience that is commonly expressed among individuals with addiction and alcohol abuse disorders. Alexithymic individuals are characterized by difficulties in identifying and describing their emotions. This impairment is linked to the development and maintenance of addiction. Moreover, an emergent theory suggests alexithymia is itself secondary to a failure of interoception (sensitivity to internal bodily signals, including physiological arousal states)...
November 2, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074884/evidence-for-stress-like-alterations-in-the-hpa-axis-in-women-taking-oral-contraceptives
#12
Johannes Hertel, Johanna König, Georg Homuth, Sandra Van der Auwera, Katharina Wittfeld, Maik Pietzner, Tim Kacprowski, Liliane Pfeiffer, Anja Kretschmer, Melanie Waldenberger, Gabi Kastenmüller, Anna Artati, Karsten Suhre, Jerzy Adamski, Sönke Langner, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Hans Joergen Grabe
Using oral contraceptives has been implicated in the aetiology of stress-related disorders like depression. Here, we followed the hypothesis that oral contraceptives deregulate the HPA-axis by elevating circulating cortisol levels. We report for a sample of 233 pre-menopausal women increased circulating cortisol levels in those using oral contraceptives. For women taking oral contraceptives, we observed alterations in circulating phospholipid levels and elevated triglycerides and found evidence for increased glucocorticoid signalling as the transcript levels of the glucocorticoid-regulated genes DDIT4 and FKBP5 were increased in whole blood...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074652/complete-genome-sequence-of-the-temperate-klebsiella-pneumoniae-phage-kpp5665-2
#13
Gaby Carl, Claudia Jäckel, Josephine Grützke, Stefan Hertwig, Mirjam Grobbel, Burkhard Malorny, Jörg Rau, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Jens A Hammerl
We describe here the genome sequence of the novel temperate Klebsiella pneumoniae phage KPP5665-2 isolated from a Klebsiella pneumoniae strain recovered from milk in Germany in 2016. The phage exhibited a narrow host range and a siphoviridal morphology. KPP5665-2-related prophage sequences were detected in whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data of various Klebsiella species isolates.
October 26, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066342/bioprosthesis-leaflet-thrombosis-following-self-expanding-valve-in-valve-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patient-taking-factor-xa-inhibitor-and-warfarin-a-case-report
#14
Kyle D Buchanan, M Chadi Alraies, Gaby Weissman, Itsik Ben-Dor, Lowell F Satler, Ron Waksman
An 87-year-old female with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis underwent transcatheter valve replacement (TAVR) via the transfemoral approach with a 29mm self-expanding device. Moderate to severe paravalvular regurgitation led to the development of congestive heart failure and hospital readmission 1 month following TAVR. A second 29mm valve was placed to abolish the paravalvular regurgitation. Routine follow-up computed tomography (CT) imaging demonstrated leaflet thickening and decreased leaflet mobility suggesting valve thrombosis, despite adherence to Factor Xa inhibitor...
May 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051390/corrigendum-the-histone-h2b-specific-ubiquitin-ligase-rnf20-hbre1-acts-as-a-putative-tumor-suppressor-through-selective-regulation-of-gene-expression
#15
Efrat Shema, Itay Tirosh, Yael Aylon, Jing Huang, Chaoyang Ye, Neta Moskovits, Nina Raver-Shapira, Neri Minsky, Judith Pirngruber, Gabi Tarcic, Pavla Hublarova, Lilach Moyal, Mali Gana-Weisz, Yosef Shiloh, Yossef Yarden, Steven A Johnsen, Borivoj Vojtesek, Shelley L Berger, Moshe Oren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039849/targeted-metabolomics-and-medication-classification-data-from-participants-in-the-adni1-cohort
#16
Lisa St John-Williams, Colette Blach, Jon B Toledo, Daniel M Rotroff, Sungeun Kim, Kristaps Klavins, Rebecca Baillie, Xianlin Han, Siamak Mahmoudiandehkordi, John Jack, Tyler J Massaro, Joseph E Lucas, Gregory Louie, Alison A Motsinger-Reif, Shannon L Risacher, Andrew J Saykin, Gabi Kastenmüller, Matthias Arnold, Therese Koal, M Arthur Moseley, Lara M Mangravite, Mette A Peters, Jessica D Tenenbaum, J Will Thompson, Rima Kaddurah-Daouk
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease presenting major health and economic challenges that continue to grow. Mechanisms of disease are poorly understood but significant data point to metabolic defects that might contribute to disease pathogenesis. The Alzheimer Disease Metabolomics Consortium (ADMC) in partnership with Alzheimer Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) is creating a comprehensive biochemical database for AD. Using targeted and non- targeted metabolomics and lipidomics platforms we are mapping metabolic pathway and network failures across the trajectory of disease...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037213/personalized-treatment-of-women-with-early-breast-cancer-a-risk-group-specific-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-accounting-for-companion-prognostic-tests-oncotypedx-and-adjuvant-online
#17
Beate Jahn, Ursula Rochau, Christina Kurzthaler, Michael Hubalek, Rebecca Miksad, Gaby Sroczynski, Mike Paulden, Marvin Bundo, David Stenehjem, Diana Brixner, Murray Krahn, Uwe Siebert
BACKGROUND: Due to high survival rates and the relatively small benefit of adjuvant therapy, the application of personalized medicine (PM) through risk stratification is particularly beneficial in early breast cancer (BC) to avoid unnecessary harms from treatment. The new 21-gene assay (OncotypeDX, ODX) is a promising prognostic score for risk stratification that can be applied in conjunction with Adjuvant!Online (AO) to guide personalized chemotherapy decisions for early BC patients...
October 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035637/design-and-characterization-of-mp0250-a-tri-specific-anti-hgf-anti-vegf-darpin%C3%A2-drug-candidate
#18
H Kaspar Binz, Talitha R Bakker, Douglas J Phillips, Andreas Cornelius, Christof Zitt, Thomas Göttler, Gabriel Sigrist, Ulrike Fiedler, Savira Ekawardhani, Ignacio Dolado, Johan Abram Saliba, Gaby Tresch, Karl Proba, Michael T Stumpp
MP0250 is a multi-domain drug candidate currently being tested in clinical trials for the treatment of cancer. It comprises one anti-vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), one anti-hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and two anti-human serum albumin (HSA) DARPin® domains within a single polypeptide chain. While there is first clinical validation of a single-domain DARPin® drug candidate, little is known about DARPin® drug candidates comprising multiple domains. Here, we show that MP0250 can be expressed at 15 g/L in soluble form in E...
November 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031722/activated-macrophages-control-human-adipocyte-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-via-secreted-factors
#19
Michaela Keuper, Stephan Sachs, Ellen Walheim, Lucia Berti, Bernhard Raedle, Daniel Tews, Pamela Fischer-Posovszky, Martin Wabitsch, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Gabi Kastenmüller, Matthias H Tschöp, Martin Jastroch, Harald Staiger, Susanna M Hofmann
OBJECTIVE: Obesity-associated WAT inflammation is characterized by the accumulation and local activation of macrophages (MΦs), and recent data from mouse studies suggest that macrophages are modifiers of adipocyte energy metabolism and mitochondrial function. As mitochondrial dysfunction has been associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome in humans, herein we aimed to delineate how human macrophages may affect energy metabolism of white adipocytes. METHODS: Human adipose tissue gene expression analysis for markers of macrophage activation and tissue inflammation (CD11c, CD40, CD163, CD206, CD80, MCP1, TNFα) in relationship to mitochondrial complex I (NDUFB8) and complex III (UQCRC2) was performed on subcutaneous WAT of 24 women (BMI 20-61 kg/m(2))...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030292/multidisciplinary-approach-to-resection-of-deeply-infiltrative-endometriosis-using-the-robotic-platform
#20
Gaby N Moawad, Paul Tyan, Elias D Abi Khalil, David Samuel, Vincent Obias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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