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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331158/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-the-contemporary-diet-of-inuit-adults-results-from-the-2007-08-inuit-health-survey
#1
Tiff-Annie Kenny, Xue Feng Hu, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Sonia D Wesche, Hing Man Chan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the major components of the contemporary Inuit diet and identify the primary sources of energy and essential nutrients. DESIGN: Dietary data were derived from the 24 h recall collected by the Inuit Health Survey (IHS) from 2007 to 2008. The population proportion method was used to determine the percentage contribution of each group. Unique food items/preparations (ninety-three country foods and 1591 market foods) were classified into eight country food groups and forty-one market food groups...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331014/biochemical-characterization-of-recombinant-thermostable-cohnella-sp-a01-%C3%AE-glucanase
#2
Meysam Rezaie, Saeed Aminzadeh, Farid Heidari, Masoud Mashhadi Akbar Boojar, Ali Asghar Karkhane
Background: Typically, non-cellulytic glucanase, including fungi and yeast cell wall hydrolyzing enzymes, are release by some symbiotic fungi and plants during the mycoparasitic fungi attack on plants. These enzymes are known as the defense mechanisms of plants. This study intends to investigate the biochemical properties of β-1,6-glucanase (bg16M) from native thermophilic bacteria, Cohnella A01. Methods: bg16M gene was cloned and expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3)...
January 13, 2018: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330706/color-stability-of-different-composite-resins-after-polishing
#3
Stefano Ardu, O Duc, E Di Bella, I Krejci
The goals of the present study were to evaluate, in vitro, the staining of different composite resins submitted to different common beverages, and to compare the staining effect of each of these solutions. A total of 288 specimens were randomly divided into six groups and immersed for 4 weeks in five staining solutions represented by red wine, orange juice, coke, tea and coffee or in artificial saliva as a control group. When analyzed over a black background, mean ΔE00 values varied from 0.8 for Venus Diamond, Saremco Microhybrid and ELS in saliva and Estelite Posterior in coke to 37...
January 12, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330032/a-free-sugars-daily-value-dv-identifies-more-less-healthy-prepackaged-foods-and-beverages-than-a-total-sugars-dv
#4
Jodi T Bernstein, Marie-Ève Labonté, Beatriz Franco-Arellano, Alyssa Schermel, Mary R L'Abbé
Regulatory changes in Canada will require food labels to have a benchmark [% Daily Value, %DV] for total sugars, based on 100 g/day, while US labels will require a %DV for added sugars, based on 50 g/day. The objective of this study was to compare two labelling policies, a total sugars DV (100 g/day) and a free sugars DV (50 g/day) on food labels. This cross-sectional analysis of the Food Label Information Program database focussed on top sources of total sugars intake in Canada (n = 6924 foods)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#5
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329860/ethyl-carbamate-an-emerging-food-and-environmental-toxicant
#6
REVIEW
Vemana Gowd, Hongming Su, Petr Karlovsky, Wei Chen
Ethyl carbamate (EC), a chemical substance widely present in fermented food products and alcoholic beverages, has been classified as a Group 2A carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). New evidence indicates that long-term exposure to EC may cause neurological disorders. Formation of EC in food and its metabolism have therefore been studied extensively and analytical methods for EC in various food matrices have been established. Due to the potential threat of EC to human health, mitigation strategies for EC in food products by physical, chemical, enzymatic, and genetic engineering methods have been developed...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329542/relative-validity-of-a-web-based-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-danish-adolescents
#7
Anne A Bjerregaard, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Freja B Kampmann, Sjurdur F Olsen, Inge Tetens
BACKGROUND: With increased focus on dietary intake among youth and risk of diseases later in life, it is of importance, prior to assessing diet-disease relationships, to examine the validity of the dietary assessment tool. This study's objective was to evaluate the relative validity of a self-administered web-based FFQ among Danish children aged 12 to 15 years. METHODS: From a nested sub-cohort within the Danish National Birth Cohort, 124 adolescents participated...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329355/when-the-brain-changes-its-mind-oscillatory-dynamics-of-conflict-processing-and-response-switching-in-a-flanker-task-during-alcohol-challenge
#8
Lauren E Beaton, Sheeva Azma, Ksenija Marinkovic
Despite the subjective experience of being in full and deliberate control of our actions, our daily routines rely on a continuous and interactive engagement of sensory evaluation and response preparation streams. They unfold automatically and unconsciously and are seamlessly integrated with cognitive control which is mobilized by stimuli that evoke ambiguity or response conflict. Methods with high spatio-temporal sensitivity are needed to provide insight into the interplay between automatic and controlled processing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328810/shelf-life-of-food-products-from-open-labeling-to-real-time-measurements
#9
Maria G Corradini
The labels currently used on food and beverage products only provide consumers with a rough guide to their expected shelf lives because they assume that a product only experiences a limited range of predefined handling and storage conditions. These static labels do not take into consideration conditions that might shorten a product's shelf life (such as temperature abuse), which can lead to problems associated with food safety and waste. Advances in shelf-life estimation have the potential to improve the safety, reliability, and sustainability of the food supply...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328808/effective-prevention-of-oxidative-deterioration-of-fish-oil-focus-on-flavor-deterioration
#10
Kazuo Miyashita, Mariko Uemura, Masashi Hosokawa
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), both abundant in fish oil, are known to have significant biochemical and physiological effects primarily linked to the improvement of human health, especially cardiovascular and brain health. However, the incorporation of fish oil into foods and beverages is often challenging, as fish oil is very easily oxidized and can cause undesirable flavors. This review discusses this rapid formation of the fishy and metallic off-flavors, focusing especially on an early stage of fish oil oxidation...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327230/alcohol-alcoholic-beverages-and-melanoma-risk-a-systematic-literature-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Sara Gandini, Giovanna Masala, Domenico Palli, Benedetta Cavicchi, Calogero Saieva, Ilaria Ermini, Federica Baldini, Patrizia Gnagnarella, Saverio Caini
PURPOSE: Several studies in recent years have investigated the relationship between alcohol intake and melanoma risk, with conflicting results. To help clarify this issue, we conducted a literature review and dose-response meta-analysis of studies published until June 30th, 2017, that examined the association between alcohol intake (overall and by beverage type) and melanoma risk. METHODS: We used random effect models with maximum likelihood estimation to calculate summary relative risk (SRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#12
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325831/sexual-dysfunction-among-young-men-overview-of-dietary-components-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction
#13
Ioannis Mykoniatis, Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Emmanouil Bouras, Efthalia Karampasi, Aikaterini Tsionga, Athanasios Kogias, Ioannis Vakalopoulos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Michael Chourdakis
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is relatively common in young men, presenting in diverse manifestations, including erectile dysfunction (ED), for which dietary modifications, including increased intake of dietary antioxidants, have been suggested as promising and cost-efficient approaches. AIM: To assess the consumption of selected dietary antioxidants, in particular flavonoids, in relation to ED symptoms in young men. METHODS: Men 18 to 40 years old were invited to complete an anonymous web-based questionnaire for this case-control study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324885/correction-expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#14
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, M Arantxa Colchero, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176336.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324740/dietary-intake-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#15
Mark Y Z Wong, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Preeti Gupta, Ling-Jun Li, Rob M van Dam, Mary F Chong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
INTRODUCTION: The evidence linking dietary intake with diabetic retinopathy (DR) is growing but unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the association between dietary intake and DR. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trials, for publications between January 1967 and January 2017 using standardized criteria for diet and DR. Interventional and observational studies investigating micro- and macro-nutrient intakes; food and beverage consumptions; and dietary patterns were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323406/type-and-timing-of-dietary-acid-intake-and-tooth-wear-among-american-adults
#16
Lynn H Al-Zwaylif, Saoirse O'Toole, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interrelationship between type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults. METHODS: This study used data from 3,586 adults, aged 18 years and older, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-04. Information on four types of acidic food and beverages (fruits, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, and soft drinks) and timing of consumption (meals versus snacks, defined according to percentage of total energy intake, self-reported eating occasion, and time of day) was extracted from two 24-hour dietary recalls...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323254/genome-wide-association-study-reveals-candidate-genes-influencing-lipids-and-diterpenes-contents-in-coffea-arabica-l
#17
Gustavo C Sant'Ana, Luiz F P Pereira, David Pot, Suzana T Ivamoto, Douglas S Domingues, Rafaelle V Ferreira, Natalia F Pagiatto, Bruna S R da Silva, Lívia M Nogueira, Cintia S G Kitzberger, Maria B S Scholz, Fernanda F de Oliveira, Gustavo H Sera, Lilian Padilha, Jean-Pierre Labouisse, Romain Guyot, Pierre Charmetant, Thierry Leroy
Lipids, including the diterpenes cafestol and kahweol, are key compounds that contribute to the quality of coffee beverages. We determined total lipid content and cafestol and kahweol concentrations in green beans and genotyped 107 Coffea arabica accessions, including wild genotypes from the historical FAO collection from Ethiopia. A genome-wide association study was performed to identify genomic regions associated with lipid, cafestol and kahweol contents and cafestol/kahweol ratio. Using the diploid Coffea canephora genome as a reference, we identified 6,696 SNPs...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322637/maternal-exposures-and-risk-of-oral-clefts-in-south-vietnam
#18
Vu H A Dien, Christy M McKinney, Araya Pisek, Waranuch Pitiphat
BACKGROUND: Oral clefts are among the most common congenital anomalies. Most studies on risk factors of oral clefts have been carried out in developed countries. We investigated the associations between maternal exposures in the first trimester and oral clefts in South Vietnam. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study during October 2014-November 2015. Cases included 170 patients with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate and those with cleft palate only...
January 11, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320416/eating-patterns-in-patients-with-compensated-cirrhosis-a-case-control-study
#19
Camille Buscail, Valérie Bourcier, Léopold K Fezeu, Dominique Roulot, Séverine Brulé, Zahia Ben-Abdesselam, Carole Cagnot, Serge Hercberg, Pierre Nahon, Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Chantal Julia
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence suggesting that maintaining an adequate nutritional status for patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) is relevant to prevent complications. The present study aimed to describe dietary behaviours of patients with compensated and non-complicated LC and comparing them with those of subjects from the general population. METHODS: In this case-control study, patients were volunteers enrolled in the ALICIR (ALImentation et CIRrhose) study, an observational survey nested in two French prospective cohorts of patients with biopsy-proven compensated cirrhosis related either to excessive alcohol consumption (CIRRAL) or to hepatitis B or C virus infection (CirVir)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320289/legal-and-administrative-feasibility-of-a-federal-junk-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-to-improve-diet
#20
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Parke Wilde, Yue Huang, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate legal and administrative feasibility of a federal "junk" food (including sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) tax to improve diet. METHODS: To assess food definitions and administration models, we systematically searched (1) PubMed (through May 15, 2017) for articles defining foods subject to taxes, and legal and legislative databases as well as online for (2) US federal, state, and tribal junk food tax bills and laws (January 1, 2012-February 28, 2017); SSB taxes (January 1, 2014-February 28, 2017); and international junk food tax laws (as of February 28, 2017); and (3) federal taxing mechanisms and administrative methods (as of February 28, 2017)...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
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