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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749436/disparities-in-snacking-trends-in-us-adults-over-a-35-year-period-from-1977-to-2012
#1
Elizabeth K Dunford, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that snacking is contributing to increased calories in the American diet, and that the contribution of snacks to energy intake has increased in recent decades. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine trends in the energy intake deriving from snacks and food sources of snacks for US adults over 35 years from 1977 to 2012, and whether these trends differ across sociodemographic groups. METHODS: Participants included 74,291 US adults aged ≥19 years who participated in the 1977-1978 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey (NFCS); the 1989-1991 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII), the 1994-1996 CSFII, the 1997-1998 CSFII, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004, NHANES 2005-2006, NHANES 2009-2010 and NHANES 2011-2012; all surveys are a stratified random sample of the total civilian, non-institutionalized US population...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749420/physicochemical-and-sensorial-characterization-of-honey-spirits
#2
Ofélia Anjos, David Frazão, Ilda Caldeira
Distilled spirits are usually made from fermented sugar-based materials, such as wines or fermented fruits, but other products can be used, namely berries or honey. In this work, an evaluation of honey spirits is done based on its physicochemical and sensory characteristics. Fourteen honey spirit samples of different brands of honey spirit were purchased at the market and from artisan Portuguese producers. Several analytical determinations, namely alcoholic strength, dry matter, density, total acidity, chromatic characteristics, methanol, acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate and higher alcohols were done to characterize all samples...
July 27, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749143/self-assembly-of-escin-molecules-at-the-air-water-interface-studied-by-molecular-dynamics
#3
Sonya Rusiyanova Tsibranska, Anela Ivanova, Slavka Tcholakova, Nikolai D Denkov
Escin belongs to a large class of natural bio-surfactants, called saponins, which are present in more than 500 plant species. Saponins are applied in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food and beverage industries, due to their variously expressed bioactivity and surface activity. In particular, Escin adsorption layers at the air-water interface exhibit unusually high surface elastic modulus (> 1100 mN/m) and high surface viscosity (ca. 130 N.s/m). The molecular origin of these unusual surface rheological properties is still unclear...
July 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748324/alcohol-drinking-patterns-and-risk-of-diabetes-a-cohort-study-of-70-551-men-and-women-from-the-general-danish-population
#4
Charlotte Holst, Ulrik Becker, Marit E Jørgensen, Morten Grønbæk, Janne S Tolstrup
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with diabetes, but little is known about the role of drinking patterns. We examined the association between alcohol drinking patterns and diabetes risk in men and women from the general Danish population. METHODS: This cohort study was based on data from the Danish Health Examination Survey 2007-2008. Of the 76,484 survey participants, 28,704 men and 41,847 women were eligible for this study. Participants were followed for a median of 4...
July 27, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748234/erosive-tooth-wear-among-different-tooth-types-and-surfaces-in-japanese-adults-15-to-89-years-old
#5
Yuichi Kitasako, Yoshiyuk Sasaki, Tomohiro Takagaki, Alireza Sadr, Junji Tagami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of erosive tooth wear on buccal, incisal/occlusal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a wide age range of Japanese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 1108 adults aged 15 to 89 years in Tokyo, Japan. The subjects were asked to complete a self-administered nutrition-related questionnaire. Two examiners evaluated tooth wear on the buccal, occlusal/incisal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a full-mouth recording, using a modified Smith and Knight tooth-wear index...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747907/membrane-phosphoproteomics-of-yeast-early-response-to-acetic-acid-role-of-hrk1-kinase-and-lipid-biosynthetic-pathways-in-particular-sphingolipids
#6
Joana F Guerreiro, Nuno P Mira, Aline X S Santos, Howard Riezman, Isabel Sá-Correia
Saccharomyces cerevisiae response and tolerance to acetic acid is critical in industrial biotechnology and in acidic food and beverages preservation. The HRK1 gene, encoding a protein kinase of unknown function belonging to the "Npr1-family" of kinases known to be involved in the regulation of plasma membrane transporters, is an important determinant of acetic acid tolerance. This study was performed to identify the alterations occurring in yeast membrane phosphoproteome profile during the adaptive early response to acetic acid stress (following 1 h of exposure to a sub-lethal inhibitory concentration; 50 mM at pH 4...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747865/impact-of-providing-walnut-samples-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-weight-loss-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-healthtrack-trial
#7
Elizabeth P Neale, Linda C Tapsell, Allison Martin, Marijka J Batterham, Cinthya Wibisono, Yasmine C Probst
Background: Being more specific about individual food choices may be advantageous for weight loss. Including a healthy food (e.g. walnuts) may help to expose effects. Objective: To examine the impact of including walnuts in diets for weight loss. Design: Secondary analysis of the HealthTrack lifestyle intervention trial. Overweight and obese participants were randomized to: usual care (C), interdisciplinary intervention including individualized dietary advice (I), or interdisciplinary intervention including 30 g walnuts/day (IW)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745358/cross-talk-between-10-gingerol-and-its-anti-cancerous-potential-a-recent-update
#8
REVIEW
Fang Zhang, Kiran Thakur, Fei Hu, Jian-Guo Zhang, Zhao-Jun Wei
Since time immortal, ginger, as an ancient herb, has been used throughout the world in foods and beverages due to its typical strong and pungent flavor. Besides its use as a spice, it also serves as an excellent source of several bioactive phenolics, including nonvolatile pungent compounds, such as gingerols, paradols, shogaols, and gingerones. Gingerols constitute key ingredients in fresh ginger, with the most abundant being 6-gingerol (6-G), 8-gingerol (8-G), and 10-gingerol (10-G). Many studies have investigated the various valuable pharmacological properties of these ingredients and experimentally verified the mechanistic aspects of their health effects; however, to date, most research on the anti-cancerous activities of gingerols have focused largely on 6-G...
July 26, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745262/food-advertising-on-argentinean-television-are-ultra-processed-foods-in-the-lead
#9
Lorena Allemandi, Luciana Castronuovo, M Victoria Tiscornia, Miguel Ponce, Veronica Schoj
OBJECTIVE: To describe the number of processed and ultra-processed food (PUPF) advertisements (ads) targeted to children on Argentinean television (TV), to analyse the advertising techniques used and the nutritional quality of the foods advertised, and to determine the potential exposure of children to unhealthy food advertising in our country. DESIGN: Five free-to-air channels and the three most popular children's cable networks were recorded from 07.00 to 22.00 hours for 6 weeks...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744931/breakfast-choice-an-experiment-combining-a-nutritional-training-workshop-targeting-adolescents-and-the-promotion-of-unhealthy-products
#10
Toni Mora, Beatriz G Lopez-Valcarcel
A randomised control trial was conducted to determine changes in the food and drink choices of adolescents following their participation in a 50-min nutrition workshop. The experiment was conducted at 104 schools in Barcelona (126 classes, 3,291 adolescents). Schools were randomly selected and stratified by district and by public or private status. The students were given three types of vouchers with different options regarding the type of food for which the vouchers could be exchanged (standard for healthy food and drink, two for one for unhealthy food, and two for one for unhealthy drink)...
July 25, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744890/quantitative-determination-of-trigonelline-in-mice-serum-by-means-of-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography-ms-ms-analysis-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#11
Damian Szczesny, Ewa Bartosińska, Julia Jacyna, Małgorzata Patejko, Danuta Siluk, Roman Kaliszan
Trigonelline (TRG) is a pyridine alkaloid found in fenugreek seeds and coffee beans. Most of the previous studies are concerning quantification of trigonelline along with other constituents in coffee herbs or beverages. Only a few are focused on its determination in animal or human tissues by applying different modes of HPLC with UV or MS detection. The aim of the study was to develop and validate fast and simple method for trigonelline determination in serum by use of hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography with ESI-MS/MS detection...
July 25, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743437/college-cafeteria-signage-increases-water-intake-but-water-position-on-the-soda-dispenser-encourages-more-soda-consumption
#12
Astrid Linn Montuclard, Jennifer Park-Mroch, Amy M J O'Shea, Brian Wansink, Jill Irvin, Helena H Laroche
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of improved water location visibility and water dispenser position on the soda dispenser on undergraduate students' beverage choices. METHODS: Two focus groups with pilot intervention surveys before and after, adding a small sign above the soda dispensers' water button for 6 weeks in a large US university's all-you-can-eat, prepaid dining hall (measured with chi-square tests and logistic and ordinal logistic regression). RESULTS: Focus groups included 15 students...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743436/validation-of-a-brief-questionnaire-against-direct-observation-to-assess-adolescents-school-lunchtime-beverage-consumption
#13
Anna H Grummon, Karla E Hampton, Amelie Hecht, Ariana Oliva, Charles E McCulloch, Claire D Brindis, Anisha I Patel
OBJECTIVE: Beverage consumption is an important determinant of youth health outcomes. Beverage interventions often occur in schools, yet no brief validated questionnaires exist to assess whether these efforts improve in-school beverage consumption. This study validated a brief questionnaire to assess beverage consumption during school lunch. METHODS: Researchers observed middle school students' (n = 25) beverage consumption during school lunchtime using a standardized tool...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743250/child-and-parent-perspectives-on-healthier-side-dishes-and-beverages-in-restaurant-kids-meals-results-from-a-national-survey-in-the-united-states
#14
Eleanor T Shonkoff, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Vanessa M Lynskey, Grace Chan, Meaghan E Glenn, Christina D Economos
BACKGROUND: Children frequently consume foods from restaurants; considering the quick-service sector alone, 1/3 of children eat food from these restaurants on a given day, and among these consumers, 1/3 of their daily calories come from fast food. Restaurant foods and beverages are second only to grocery store foods and beverages in their contribution to total energy intake of U.S. 4- to 11-year-olds. Shifting their restaurant consumption in healthier directions could have a positive impact on child health...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#15
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741904/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-and-food-policies-in-latin-america-from-research-to-practice
#16
R Pérez-Escamilla, C K Lutter, C Rabadan-Diehl, A Rubinstein, A Calvillo, C Corvalán, C Batis, E Jacoby, S Vorkoper, L Kline, E Ewart-Pierce, J A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Addressing childhood obesity in Latin America requires a package of multisectoral, evidence-based policies that enable environments conducive to healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: Identify and examine key elements to translating research into effective obesity policies in Latin America. METHODS: We examined obesity prevention policies through case studies developed with an expert in the specific policy. Policies were selected based on their level of implementation, visibility and potential impact to reduce childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741614/diet-and-risk-of-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-study-based-on-the-french-e3n-cohort
#17
Amélie Barré, Gaëlle Gusto, Claire Cadeau, Franck Carbonnel, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the relationship between diet and cholecystectomy risk, using three approaches, in a large French cohort. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study in French women who completed a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline, we analyzed diet with three approaches: food groups, dietary patterns obtained by factor analysis, and the Mediterranean diet score. The primary outcome was cholecystectomy. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to assess the relationship between diet and cholecystectomy risk, adjusting for the main potential confounders...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740413/dose-ranging-pilot-randomized-trial-of-amino-acid-mixture-combined-with-physical-activity-promotion-for-reducing-abdominal-fat-in-overweight-adults
#18
Hiroyuki Sasai, Keisuke Ueda, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Chiaki Sanbongi, Shuji Ikegami, Yoshio Nakata
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effective dose of an amino acid mixture comprising arginine, alanine, and phenylalanine combined with physical activity promotion in reducing abdominal fat among overweight adults. METHODS: A 12-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, pilot trial was conducted in Mito, Japan, from January through April 2016, and the data were analyzed from May through November 2016. The study participants were 35 overweight adults, aged 20-64 years, with no regular exercise habit...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739429/llex-paraguariensis-decreases-oxidative-stress-in-bone-and-mitigates-the-damage-in-rats-during-perimenopause
#19
Camila Scacco Pereira, Camila Tami Stringhetta-Garcia, Lilian da Silva Xavier, Keny Gonçalves Tirapeli, Ariana Aparecida Ferreira Pereira, GiselIi Mitsuy Kayahara, José Marcelo Tramarim, Marcelo Macedo Crivelini, Karina Stringhetta Padovani, Andréia Machado Leopoldino, Mário Jefferson Quirino Louzada, Adriane Belló-Klein, Susana Francisca Llesuy, Edilson Ervolino, Rita Cássia Menegati Dornelles, Antonio Hernandes Chaves-Neto, Ana Cláudia de Melo Stevanato Nakamune
During perimenopause, oxidative stress increases, which may result in disruption of bone turnover, and consequently in osteoporosis. The use of antioxidants may be an effective nutritional approach to reducing osteoporosis in this period of life. Mate tea (MT) (Ilex paraguariensis), a typical and inexpensive beverage consumed in the Brazilian south-east, Argentina and Uruguay, increases antioxidant defense. Our hypothesis was that MT would decrease oxidative stress and mitigate bone deterioration. To test this, we analyzed oxidative stress markers of bone turnover, and local and systemic markers of bone metabolism of rats during natural perimenopause...
July 21, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737281/in-situ-evaluation-of-color-stability-and-hardness-decrease-of-resin-based-composites
#20
Juliana Silva Ribeiro, Sonia Luque Peralta, Vinícius Esteves Salgado, Rafael Guerra Lund
OBJECTIVE: To determine the color stability (CS) and hardness' decrease (HD) of two commercial resin-based composites (RBCs), after in situ staining conditions (SC). METHODS: Six disc-shaped specimens (6 × 2 mm) of two RBCs-Filtek Z350 XT (FZX) and IPS Empress Direct (IED)-were randomly distributed into palatal devices. Eight volunteers (aged 20-30 years) participated in this study. The in situ SC consisted of 400 mL consumption (2 × 200 mL/day) of water, orange juice, cola soda, and coffee and 140 mL consumption of red wine, 10 days each...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
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