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Hege Berg Henriksen, Monica Hauger Carlsen, Ingvild Paur, Sveinung Berntsen, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Anne Juul Skjetne, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Christine Henriksen, Lene Frost Andersen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
Background: The Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) aim at reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases and promote overall health. We studied the effect of the Norwegian FBDG in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. There is a need for a time-efficient dietary assessment tool measuring adherence to these guidelines in patients treated for dietary dependent cancer, such as CRC patients. Objective: To evaluate a new short food frequency questionnaire (NORDIET-FFQ), developed to estimate adherence to the Norwegian FBDG among CRC patients...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Kaushalendra Kumar, Santosh Kumar, Anil Kumar Singh
AIM: To investigate association between socio-demographic characteristics and alcohol consumption in India. METHODS: Analytical data were derived from household surveys conducted by the study team that included 6088 adults in five states of India (male = 3803, female = 2285). The sample was a cross-sectional selected through stratified multistage sampling design. The survey collected data on socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents as well as pattern of alcohol consumption...
February 14, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Débora Finger, Fábio Juner Lanferdini, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Clarissa Müller Brusco, Lucas Helal, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Ronei Silveira Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Protein (PRO) combined with a carbohydrate (CHO) beverage may have an ergogenic effect on endurance performance. However, evidence regarding its efficacy on similar conditions to athletes' race day is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of three different nutritional supplementation strategies on performance and muscle recovery in a duathlon protocol. METHODS: , 13 male athletes (29.7 ± 7.7 years) participated in three simulated Olympic-distance duathlons under three different, randomly assigned, supplementation regimens: carbohydrate drink (CHO, 75 g); isocaloric CHO plus protein drink (CHO+PRO, 60...
March 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Sunirmal Sheet, Kuntal Ghosh, Satabdi Acharya, Kwang-Pyo Kim, Yang Soo Lee
Apart from being fed to silkworms in sericulture, the ecologically important Mulberry plant has been used for traditional medicine in Asian countries as well as in manufacturing wine, food, and beverages. Germplasm analysis among Mulberry cultivars originating from South Korea is crucial in the plant breeding program for cultivar development. Hence, the genetic deviations and relations among 8 Morus alba plants, and one Morus lhou plant, of different cultivars collected from South Korea were investigated using 10 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and 10 inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers in the present study...
March 15, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Boe M Burrus, Brian M Moscicki, Tracey D Matthews, Vincent J Paolone
Chronic supplementation of L-carnitine and carbohydrate has been reported to increase L-carnitine content in skeletal muscle and have positive influences on exercise variables and performance. This study investigated the acute intake of L-carnitine and carbohydrate on the exercise parameters of cycling. A total of 10 males (27.0 ± 4 years) completed two exercise sessions consisting of 40 min of cycling at 65% of VO2peak , followed by cycling to exhaustion at 85% of VO2peak . L-carnitine or a placebo was consumed 3 hours prior to exercise, and beverages consisting of 94 g of carbohydrate were consumed at both 2 hours, and 30 minutes prior to exercise...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Draženka Komes, Arijana Bušić, Ana Belščak-Cvitanović, Mladen Brnčić, Tomislav Bosiljkov, Aleksandra Vojvodić, Filip Dujmić
Regardless of its highly valuable nutritive composition, goat's milk is less preferred by consumers due to its specific sensory characteristics that are very often regarded as undesirable. On the other hand, traditional medicinal plants from Lamiaceae family, due to their rich bioactive composition, especially polyphenols, and desirable aroma profile, can be used to enhance and improve bioactive and sensory properties of food. In the present study nutritively valuable beverages were produced by enrichment of goat's milk with medicinal plant extracts derived from the Lamiaceae family and stabilized by homogenization with high intensity ultrasound treatment...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Pepita Barlow, Paulo Serôdio, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee, David Stuckler
Critics have long accused food and beverage companies of trying to exonerate their products from blame for obesity by funding organisations that highlight alternative causes. Yet, conclusions about the intentions of food and beverage companies in funding scientific organisations have been prevented by limited access to industry's internal documents. Here we allow the words of Coca-Cola employees to speak about how the corporation intended to advance its interests by funding the Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Jae H Kang, Kerry L Ivey, Tahani Boumenna, Bernard Rosner, Janey L Wiggs, Louis R Pasquale
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between flavonoid intake and incident primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: We followed 65 516 women from the Nurses' Health Study (from 1984) and 42 156 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (from 1986) biennially to 2012, who were 40+ years old, free of POAG, and reported eye examinations. Dietary flavonoid intake was assessed with validated repeated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires. Incident POAG cases (n = 1575) were confirmed with medical record review...
March 14, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Junsei Taira, Rin Toyoshima, Nana Ameku, Akira Iguchi, Yasutomo Tamaki
Vanillin is valuable and popular flavor used in foods and cosmetics. Many bacteria species have the ability to decarboxylate substituted cinnamic acids in order to form vanillin. However, the phenolic biotransformation including vanillin production in a common fungus, the Aspergillus luchuensis, which is used in distilled beverages, has not yet been clarified. This study focused on elucidating the vanillin production due to phenolic biotransformation in A. luchuensis during fermentation. The phenolic metabolites were extracted by a solid phase column and they were determined using on LC/MS and LC/MS/MS in a selective ion mode...
March 13, 2018: AMB Express
Adriana Hernández, Adriana Beatriz Di Iorio, Jeffrey Lansdale, María Belén Salazar
Sweeteners are found in all types of foods, and their high consumption is associated with chronic degenerative diseases, such as diabetes and obesity, among others. A characterization was carried out of food products with sweeteners from the three biggest supermarkets at a national level; they were identified by the list of ingredients and classified according to caloric or non-caloric intake, and pursuant to their country of origin. A statistical interpretation of results was made using descriptive measures such as the number of times the sweeteners were found in the formulation of the products and how many of them were found in a product at the same time...
March 11, 2018: Nutrients
Parmiss Mojir Shaibani, Hashem Rajab Etayash, Keren Jiang, Amirreza Sohrabi, Mahtab Hassanpourfard, Selvaraj Naicker, Mohtada Sadrzadeh, Thomas Thundat
The growing need to prevent pathogen outbreaks is irrefutable in the case of the food industry. Early detection in products, especially beverages, contaminated with bacterial strains is vital to avoid infected foods from reaching the consumer. If E. coli is pesent in such foods, it can cause infections. It can also be an indicator of the existence of other harmful coliforms. In this study, we have investigated the detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in orange juice using a portable nanofiber-light addressable potentiometric sensor (NF-LAPS)...
March 13, 2018: ACS Sensors
Daniele Castagnolo, Kate Lauder, Anita Toscani, Yuyin Qi, Jesmine Lim, Simon Charnock, Krupa Korah
1,3-Mercaptoalkanols constitute an important class of volatile sulfur compounds and contribute to both agreeable and disagreeable flavours and fragrances of many foods and beverages. Most mercaptoalkanols exist as chiral isomers and their olfactory perception may depend on their diastereomeric and enantiomeric configuration. A number of mercaptoalkanols bear a chiral hydroxyl group whose configuration is strictly related to their olfactory properties. To date, few synthetic methods have been described for the synthesis of enantiomerically pure mercaptoalkanols bearing a chiral hydroxyl-moiety...
March 13, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Anne Marie Thow, Shauna M Downs, Christopher Mayes, Helen Trevena, Temo Waqanivalu, John Cawley
The World Health Organization has recommended that Member States consider taxing energy-dense beverages and foods and/or subsidizing nutrient-rich foods to improve diets and prevent noncommunicable diseases. Numerous countries have either implemented taxes on energy-dense beverages and foods or are considering the implementation of such taxes. However, several major challenges to the implementation of fiscal policies to improve diets and prevent noncommunicable diseases remain. Some of these challenges relate to the cross-sectoral nature of the relevant interventions...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Sara J White, Emma L Carran, Andrew N Reynolds, Jillian J Haszard, Bernard J Venn
Background: The consumption of large amounts of fructose from added sugars results in the hepatic production and export of uric acid into the circulation. Objective: Our aim was to test whether fructose present in fruit is of sufficient quantity or in a form that will increase uric acid concentration. Design: Seventy-three participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups to ingest small (205 g) and large (410 g) servings of apple segments, small (170 mL) and large (340 mL) servings of apple juice, or a glucose and a fructose control beverage...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Michaela C Devries, Christopher McGlory, Douglas R Bolster, Alison Kamil, Maike Rahn, Laura Harkness, Steven K Baker, Stuart M Phillips
Background: Older women may not be consuming enough protein to maintain muscle mass. Augmentation of protein intake with leucine may enhance the muscle protein synthetic response in older women to aid in maintaining muscle mass. Objective: We measured the acute (hourly) and integrated (daily) myofibrillar protein synthesis (myoPS) response to consumption of a high-quality mixed protein beverage compared with an isonitrogenous protein beverage with added leucine...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Wenjing Wan, Baojun Xu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a beverage using beta-glucan and whey protein isolate (WPI). Furthermore, we evaluated the sensory attributes and changes of the physiochemical properties (pH value, total acidity, total soluble solids, sugar-acid ratio, color, viscosity, turbidity, and browning index) of the beverage during 48-hour storage by comparison with the commercial product and blank sample. RESULTS: The developed beverage had similar sweetness, smoothness, and overall acceptance as those of the commercial and blank samples...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Marc Fantino, Agnès Fantino, Marie Matray, Frédéric Mistretta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Appetite
Mahir Maruf, Piyush K Agarwal, Abhinav Sidana
INTRODUCTION: The Physician Payment Sunshine Act was enacted to increase the transparency of financial relationships between physicians and the pharmaceutical industry. These financial relationships are prevalent in the field of oncology, as they are in other fields of medicine. We explored the relationship between industry and urologists for compensations associated with the treatment of urologic malignancies. METHODS: The publicly available Open Payments database was obtained from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services...
August 2017: Seminars in Oncology
Sorelle Dongmo Nsogning, Susann Fischer, Thomas Becker
Understanding lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermentation behavior in malt wort is a milestone towards flavor improvement of lactic acid fermented malt beverages. Therefore, this study aims to outline deficiencies that may exist in malt wort fermentation. First, based on six LAB strains, cell viability and vitality were evaluated. Second, sugars, organic acids, amino acids, pH value and buffering capacity (BC) were monitored. Finally, the implication of key amino acids, fructose and wort BC on LAB growth was determined...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Ioannis-Angelos I Thamnopoulos, Georgios F Michailidis, Dimitrios J Fletouris, Anastasia Badeka, Michael G Kontominas, Apostolos S Angelidis
Propolis is a natural bee-product with documented antimicrobial properties in vitro. The objective of this study was to develop a protocol for adding propolis into milk and to determine whether the addition of propolis can confer anti-listerial activity during the storage of milk under optimal or improper refrigeration conditions. Upon dissolving propolis ethanolic extract (PEE) into glycerol, the PEE-glycerol mixture contained no visible insoluble particles and could be dispersed evenly into milk, without leaving any insoluble material...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
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