keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

beverages

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918874/effects-of-the-natural-%C3%AE-carboline-alkaloid-harmine-a-main-constituent-of-ayahuasca-in-memory-and-in-the-hippocampus-a-systematic-literature-review-of-preclinical-studies
#1
Rafael G Dos Santos, Jaime E C Hallak
Harmine is a natural β-carboline alkaloid found in several botanical species, such as the Banisteriopsis caapi vine used in the preparation of the hallucinogenic beverage ayahuasca and the seeds of Syrian rue (Peganum harmala). Preclinical studies suggest that harmine may have neuroprotective and cognitive-enhancing effects, and retrospective/observational investigations of the mental health of long-term ayahuasca users suggest that prolonged use of this harmine-rich hallucinogen is associated with better neuropsychological functioning...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918495/characteristics-of-nh4-and-no3-fluxes-in-tea-camellia-sinensis-roots-measured-by-scanning-ion-selective-electrode-technique
#2
Li Ruan, Kang Wei, Liyuan Wang, Hao Cheng, Fen Zhang, Liyun Wu, Peixian Bai, Chengcai Zhang
As a vital beverage crop, tea has been extensively planted in tropical and subtropical regions. Nitrogen (N) levels and forms are closely related to tea quality. Based on different N levels and forms, we studied changes in NO3(-) and NH4(+) fluxes in tea roots utilizing scanning ion-selective electrode technique. Our results showed that under both single and mixed N forms, influx rates of NO3(-) were much lower than those of NH4(+), suggesting a preference for NH4(+) in tea. With the increase in N concentration, the influx rate of NO3(-) increased more than that of NH4(+)...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916747/the-broadly-tuned-odorant-receptor-or1a1-is-highly-selective-for-3-methyl-2-4-nonanedione-a-key-food-odorant-in-aged-wines-tea-and-other-foods
#3
Christiane Geithe, Franziska Noe, Johanna Kreissl, Dietmar Krautwurst
Key food odorants are the most relevant determinants by which we detect, recognize, and hedonically evaluate the aroma of foods and beverages. Odorants are detected by our chemical sense of olfaction, comprising a set of approximately 400 different odorant receptor types. However, the specific receptor activity patterns representing the aroma percepts of foods or beverages, as well as the key food odorant agonist profiles of single-odorant receptors, are largely unknown. We aimed to establish comprehensive key food odorant agonist profiles of 2 unrelated, broadly tuned receptors, OR1A1 and OR2W1, that had been associated thus far with mostly non-key food odorants and shared some of these agonists...
December 4, 2016: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916121/development-of-an-indirect-elisa-for-the-determination-of-ethyl-carbamate-in-chinese-rice-wine
#4
Lin Luo, Hong-Tao Lei, Jin-Yi Yang, Gong-Liang Liu, Yuan-Ming Sun, Wei-Dong Bai, Hong Wang, Yu-Dong Shen, Sui Chen, Zhen-Lin Xu
The widespread occurrence of ethyl carbamate (EC, 89.09 Da), a group 2A carcinogen, in fermented foods and alcoholic beverages has raised worldwide public health concern. Immunoassay for EC is unavailable due to the simple and small structure of EC. In this work, an initial attempt to produce antibody specific for EC, by using 4-((ethoxycarbonyl)amino)butanoic acid as hapten, was made but failed. However, since EC can easily react with 9-xanthydrol to form xanthyl ethyl carbamate (XEC), two haptens based on XEC structure were designed and synthesized...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915406/a-new-era-for-drinking-epidemiological-evidence-on-adolescent-male-female-differences-in-drinking-incidence-in-the-united-states-and-europe
#5
Hui G Cheng, James C Anthony
PURPOSE: We seek answers to three questions about adolescent risk of starting to drink alcoholic beverages: (1) in new United States (US) data, can we reproduce a recently discovered female excess risk? (2) has a female excess risk emerged in European countries? and (3) might the size of country-level female-male differences (FMD) be influenced by macro-level gender equality and development processes? METHODS: Estimates are from US and European surveys of adolescents, 2010-2014...
December 3, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915357/snacking-patterns-and-snack-correlates-in-third-and-fourth-year-nursing-and-dietetics-students-an-exploratory-study-from-the-midwestern-united-states
#6
Laura H McArthur, P L Monahan, Zhaohui Sheng, Donald Holbert
AIMS: To compare snacking behaviors and psychosocial correlates of third- and fourth-year nursing (n=52) and dietetics (n=48) students. METHODS: Questionnaires assessed snack choices, awareness of healthy snacks, snack recommendations and beliefs, stage of change and perceived benefits/barriers for healthy snacking, and situational snacking. RESULTS: The snacks purchased most often on and off campus by the nursing students were soft drinks/caffeinated beverages (58%) and chips (42%), and for the dietetics students were chips (35%) and fresh fruit (33%)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#7
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914647/human-exposure-to-dietary-inorganic-arsenic-and-other-arsenic-species-state-of-knowledge-gaps-and-uncertainties
#8
Francesco Cubadda, Brian P Jackson, Kathryn L Cottingham, Yoshira Ornelas Van Horne, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is ubiquitous in the environment as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) compounds and biotransformation of these toxic chemicals leads to the extraordinary variety of organoarsenic species found in nature. Despite classification as a human carcinogen based on data from populations exposed through contaminated drinking water, only recently has a need for regulatory limits on iAs in food been recognized. The delay was due to the difficulty in risk assessment of dietary iAs, which critically relies on speciation analysis providing occurrence data for iAs in food - and not simply for total arsenic...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914331/fabrication-of-%C3%AE-carotene-nanoemulsion-based-delivery-systems-using-dual-channel-microfluidization-physical-and-chemical-stability
#9
Xiang Luo, Yanyan Zhou, Long Bai, Fuguo Liu, Yihui Deng, David Julian McClements
A considerable research effort is focused on developing effective delivery systems for hydrophobic nutraceuticals. β-carotene, a pro-vitamin A carotenoid, requires encapsulation to improve its water dispersibility and chemical stability in foods. In this study, β-carotene was encapsulated in oil-in-water nanoemulsions fabricated using high-pressure dual-channel microfluidization. Two types of natural emulsifier, quillaja saponins (Q-Naturale) and whey protein isolate (WPI), were capable of producing nanoemulsions (d32=0...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914151/-analysis-of-the-cochrane-review-portion-package-or-tableware-size-for-changing-selection-and-consumption-of-food-alcohol-and-tobacco-cochrane-database-syst-rev-2015-09-cd011045
#10
Gonçalo S Duarte, Filipe Brogueira Rodrigues, João Costa, António Vaz-Carneiro
Some of the main causes of mortality and morbidity among the developed countries - such as the cardiovascular, neurological and oncologic diseases - are deeply associated with modifiable risk factors. Primordial/primary prevention strategies that alter our environment can have an impact on these risk factors. The authors of this Cochrane systematic review sought evidence from randomized controlled trials to study the effect of the size of portions, packages, dishes and cups, as well as their respective formats, on the consumption and selection of food, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and tobacco products...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913847/patulin-transformation-products-and-last-intermediates-in-its-biosynthetic-pathway-e-and-z-ascladiol-are-not-toxic-to-human-cells
#11
Joanna Tannous, Selma P Snini, Rhoda El Khoury, Cécile Canlet, Philippe Pinton, Yannick Lippi, Imourana Alassane-Kpembi, Thierry Gauthier, André El Khoury, Ali Atoui, Ting Zhou, Roger Lteif, Isabelle P Oswald, Olivier Puel
Patulin is the main mycotoxin contaminating apples. During the brewing of alcoholic beverages, this mycotoxin is degraded to ascladiol, which is also the last precursor of patulin. The present study aims (1) to characterize the last step of the patulin biosynthetic pathway and (2) to describe the toxicity of ascladiol. A patE deletion mutant was generated in Penicillium expansum. In contrast to the wild strain, this mutant does not produce patulin but accumulates high levels of E-ascladiol with few traces of Z-ascladiol...
December 2, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912772/food-systems-transformations-ultra-processed-food-markets-and-the-nutrition-transition-in-asia
#12
Phillip Baker, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: Attracted by their high economic growth rates, young and growing populations, and increasingly open markets, transnational food and beverage corporations (TFBCs) are targeting Asian markets with vigour. Simultaneously the consumption of ultra-processed foods high in fat, salt and glycaemic load is increasing in the region. Evidence demonstrates that TFBCs can leverage their market power to shape food systems in ways that alter the availability, price, nutritional quality, desirability and ultimately consumption of such foods...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911404/using-capillary-electrophoresis-to-quantify-organic-acids-from-plant-tissue-a-test-case-examining-coffea-arabica-seeds
#13
Michael Joe Vaughan, Ann Chanon, Joshua J Blakeslee
Carboxylic acids are organic acids containing one or more terminal carboxyl (COOH) functional groups. Short chain carboxylic acids (SCCAs; carboxylic acids containing three to six carbons), such as malate and citrate, are critical to the proper functioning of many biological systems, where they function in cellular respiration and can serve as indicators of cell health. In foods, organic acid content can have significant impact on taste, with increased SCCA levels resulting in a sour or "acid" taste. Because of this, methods for the rapid analysis of organic acid levels are of particular interest to the food and beverage industries...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910794/have-we-reached-a-tipping-point-for-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes
#14
Kathryn Backholer, Miranda Blake, Stefanie Vandevijvere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909090/alcohol-intake-and-risk-of-incident-melanoma-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-prospective-studies-in-the-united-states
#15
Andrew Rivera, Hongmei Nan, Tricia Li, Abrar Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is associated with increased risk of numerous cancers, but existing evidence for an association with melanoma is equivocal. No study has evaluated the association with different anatomic locations of melanoma. METHODS: We used data from three large prospective cohort studies to investigate whether alcohol intake was associated with risk of melanoma. Alcohol intake was assessed repeatedly by food-frequency questionnaires. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs)...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905567/physical-characterization-and-antioxidant-activity-of-thymol-solubilized-tween-80-micelles
#16
Ling-Li Deng, Maierhaba Taxipalati, Fei Que, Hui Zhang
Attempts were made to solubilize thymol in Tween 80 micelle to study the solubilization mechanism of thymol and the effect of solubilization on its antioxidant activity. The maximum solubilized concentration of thymol in a 2.0% (w/v) Tween 80 micelle solution is 0.2 wt%. There was no significant difference in Z-average diameter between the empty micelles and thymol solubilized micelles. (1)H NMR spectra indicated that 3-H and 4-H on the benzene ring of thymol interacted with the ester group between the hydrophilic head group and the hydrophobic tail group of Tween 80 by Van der Waals' force...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904629/effect-of-various-kinds-of-beverages-on-stress-oxidative-f2-isoprostane-serum-lipid-and-blood-glucose-of-elite-taekwondo-players
#17
Zahra Maghsoudi, Ashfin Shiranian, Gholamreza Askai, Reza Ghaisvand
BACKGROUND: Athletes' recovery is important in improving their performance. Nutritional strategies can be effective in enhancing recovery rate. Choosing the best food items in appropriate intervals can play effective roles in resynthesis of fuels and recovery of muscle injury. Beverage micro and macronutrient content are helpful in fuel restoration. In this study, we assess the effects of various kinds of beverages on oxidative stress, muscle injury, and metabolic risk factors in taekwondo players...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904391/non-alcoholic-beverages-from-fermented-cereals-with-increased-oligosaccharide-content
#18
Loreta Basinskiene, Grazina Juodeikiene, Daiva Vidmantiene, Maija Tenkanen, Tomas Makaravicius, Elena Bartkiene
The aim of this study is to develop a new technology for making traditional Lithuanian non-alcoholic beverage kvass from fermented cereals by extending the spectrum of raw materials (extruded rye) and applying new biotechnological resources (xylanolytic enzymes and lactic acid bacteria (LAB)) to improve its functional properties. Arabinoxylans in extruded rye were very efficiently hydrolysed into oligosaccharides by xylanolytic complex Ceremix Plus MG. Using Ceremix Plus MG and LAB fermentation, the yield of arabinoxylooligosaccharides and xylooligosaccharides in beverage was increased to 300 and 1100 mg/L, respectively...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904390/ascorbate-oxidase-based-amperometric-biosensor-for-l-ascorbic-acid-determination-in-beverages
#19
Gábor Csiffáry, Péter Fűtő, Nóra Adányi, Attila Kiss
A novel biosensor for l-ascorbic acid determination in different beverages was elaborated. The ascorbate oxidase enzyme (AAO) from Cucurbita sp., EC 1.10.3.3, was immobilized on a screen-printed carbon electrode with poly(ethylene glycol) (400) diglycidyl ether (PEGDGE) as a crosslinking agent. The standards and samples were measured first with a blank electrode. An inert protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), was immobilized on the surface of this electrode with PEGDGE. The BSA mass was equivalent to the mass of 10 U of AAO enzyme immobilized on the electrodes (0...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903830/early-life-sugar-consumption-affects-the-rat-microbiome-independently-of-obesity
#20
Emily E Noble, Ted M Hsu, Roshonda B Jones, Anthony A Fodor, Michael I Goran, Scott E Kanoski
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiome has been implicated in various metabolic and neurocognitive disorders and is heavily influenced by dietary factors, but there is a paucity of research on the effects of added sugars on the gut microbiome. OBJECTIVE: With the use of a rodent model, our goal was to determine how added-sugar consumption during the juvenile and adolescent phase of development affects the gut microbiome. METHODS: Forty-two juvenile male Sprague-Dawley rats [postnatal day (PND) 26; 50-70 g] were given access to 1 of 3 different 11%-carbohydrate solutions designed to model a range of monosaccharide ratios commonly consumed in sugar-sweetened beverages: 1) 35% fructose:65% glucose, 2) 50% fructose:50% glucose, 3) 65% fructose:35% glucose, and 4) control (no sugar)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
keyword
keyword
104059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"