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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151272/changes-in-alcohol-policies-and-practices-in-bars-and-restaurants-after-completion-of-manager-focused-responsible-service-training
#1
Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Toben F Nelson, Keith J Horvath, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Alexandra M Ecklund, Traci L Toomey
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Irresponsible and illegal serving practices at bars and restaurants, such as sales to obviously intoxicated patrons, can lead to various public health harms. Training managers of bars and restaurants in the development and promotion of responsible alcohol policies may help prevent risky and illegal alcohol serving practices. DESIGN AND METHODS: We implemented a training program for managers of bars/restaurants designed to establish and promote responsible beverage service policies/practices...
November 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150643/%C3%AE-eudesmol-an-oxygenized-sesquiterpene-stimulates-appetite-via-trpa1-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system
#2
Kazuaki Ohara, Takafumi Fukuda, Yuko Ishida, Chika Takahashi, Rena Ohya, Mikio Katayama, Kunitoshi Uchida, Makoto Tominaga, Katsuya Nagai
Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a calcium-permeable non-selective cation channel, which is activated by various noxious or irritant substances in nature. TRPA1 activators have been generally recognized as noxious, however, foods and beverages containing TRPA1 activators are preferably consumed; the reasons for this discrepancy are not well understood. We demonstrate that TRPA1 is involved in the stimulatory appetite control mechanism. β-Eudesmol is an oxygenated sesquiterpene contained in medicinal or edible plants which activates TRPA1...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148979/role-of-caftaric-acid-in-lead-associated-nephrotoxicity-in-rats-via-antidiuretic-antioxidant-and-anti-apoptotic-activities
#3
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid
Background Lead is a toxic metal that is widely distributed in the environment where caftaric acid (CA) is the ester form of caffeic acid where CA is the major dietary polyphenol present in various foods and beverages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CA in lead acetate (LA)-associated nephrotoxicity through antidiuretic, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. Methods Forty-eight male albino rats divided into six equal groups; group 1 control injected intraperitoneally (ip) with saline (1 mL/kg of bw) over two weeks period, group 2 injected ip with CA (80 mg/kg of bw) over two weeks period, groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 injected ip with 100 μmol/kg of bw LA over two weeks period where groups 4, 5 & 6 co-injected ip with 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP) drug (1 mg/kg of bw), CA (40 mg/kg of bw), and CA (80 mg/kg of bw), respectively...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148828/increased-cellular-aging-by-3-years-of-age-in-latino-preschool-children-who-consume-more-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-pilot-study
#4
Janet M Wojcicki, Rosalinda Medrano, Jue Lin, Elissa Epel
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in adults and older children find that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases risk for obesity and cellular aging, as measured by leukocyte telomere length (LTL). METHODS: In a previously described, San Francisco-based Latino birth cohort, where telomere length was measured at birth, we evaluate the relationship between beverage consumption (including SSB and 100% fruit juice), obesity, and LTL at 2-3 years old, as well as change in LTL from birth...
November 17, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147676/characteristics-of-very-young-hispanic-children-referred-for-obesity-management
#5
Liliana Aguayo, Alicia Olave-Pichon, Adolfo J Ariza, Helen J Binns
Information on risks associated with obesity during infancy specific to Hispanic children is scarce. This retrospective medical record review describes characteristics and parenting practices of Hispanic children age <2 years referred for obesity care at a tertiary hospital over a 6-year period. Data on 29 Hispanic children collected from parent-completed assessment forms and clinician documentation were analyzed. Children were of mean age 16.2 ± 4.9 months; body mass index z scores ranged from 1.5 to 9...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146460/the-impact-of-price-and-nutrition-labelling-on-sugary-drink-purchases-results-from-an-experimental-marketplace-study
#6
Rachel B Acton, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labelling and sugary drink taxation on consumer beverage purchases. METHODS: A total of 675 respondents aged 16 years and older participated in an experimental marketplace study using a 4 × 5 within-between group design. Participants were randomised to one of four labelling conditions (no label; star rating; high sugar symbol; health warning) and completed five within-subject purchase tasks...
November 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146348/liquid-liquid-microextraction-of-synthetic-pigments-in-beverages-using-a-hydrophobic-deep-eutectic-solvent
#7
Shuqiang Zhu, Jia Zhou, Hongfang Jia, Haixia Zhang
A method was developed for the determination of eight synthetic pigments in beverage samples by liquid-liquid microextraction followed by high performance liquid chromatography. Using hydrophobic deep eutectic solvent (DES) as the microextraction solvent, several key parameters were optimized, including the type and volume of the hydrophobic DES, pH value, vortex time and salt content. Detection limits were in the range 0.016-1.12 ng/mL, recoveries were in the range 74.5-102.5% and relative standard deviations were <5...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145085/analysis-of-microplastics-in-water-by-micro-raman-spectroscopy-release-of-plastic-particles-from-different-packaging-into-mineral-water
#8
Darena Schymanski, Christophe Goldbeck, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Peter Fürst
Microplastics are anthropogenic contaminants which have been found in oceans, lakes and rivers. Investigations focusing on drinking water are rare and studies have mainly been using micro-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (μ-FT-IR). A major limitation of this technique is its inability to detect particles smaller than 20 μm. However, micro-Raman spectroscopy is capable of detecting even smaller particle sizes. Therefore, we show that this technique, which was used in this study, is particularly useful in detecting microplastics in drinking water where particle sizes are in the low micrometer range...
November 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144387/neighborhood-prices-of-healthier-and-unhealthier-foods-and-associations-with-diet-quality-evidence-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#9
David M Kern, Amy H Auchnicloss, Mark F Stehr, Ana V Diez Roux, Latetia V Moore, Genevieve P Kanter, Lucy F Robinson
It is known that the price of food influences the purchasing and consumption decisions of individuals; however, little work has examined if the price of healthier food relative to unhealthier food in an individual's neighborhood is associated with overall dietary quality while using data from multiple regions in the United States. Cross-sectional person-level data came from The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (exam 5, 2010-2012 n = 2765); a food frequency questionnaire assessed diet. Supermarket food/beverage prices came from Information Resources Inc...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144022/collagen-a-review-on-its-sources-and-potential-cosmetic-applications
#10
REVIEW
María Isabela Avila Rodríguez, Laura G Rodríguez Barroso, Mirna Lorena Sánchez
Collagen is a fibrillar protein that conforms the conjunctive and connective tissues in the human body, essentially skin, joints, and bones. This molecule is one of the most abundant in many of the living organisms due to its connective role in biological structures. Due to its abundance, strength and its directly proportional relation with skin aging, collagen has gained great interest in the cosmetic industry. It has been established that the collagen fibers are damaged with the pass of time, losing thickness and strength which has been strongly related with skin aging phenomena [Colágeno para todo...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#11
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143691/health-claims-and-product-endorsements-on-child-oriented-beverages-in-guatemala
#12
Andrew Perry, Violeta Chacon, Joaquin Barnoya
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe front-of-package marketing strategies and nutritional quality of child-oriented beverages in Guatemala. DESIGN: We purchased all child-oriented ready-to-drink fruit drinks, milks and carbonated beverages in three convenience stores and one supermarket in Guatemala City. Front-of-package marketing was defined as the presence of spokes-characters, cartoons, celebrities, or health-related images, words, claims or endorsements on beverage packaging...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142745/determinants-of-prenatal-anemia-in-ethiopia
#13
Abera Abay, Haile Woldie Yalew, Amare Tariku, Ejigu Gebeye
Background: Anemia is responsible for 20% of maternal mortality worldwide, and it is associated with premature birth, low birth weight, and infant mortality. In Ethiopia, about 22% of pregnant women are anemic. However, literatures are limited, therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in Asossa Zone Public Health Institutions, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from February to March 2016...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142647/effects-of-staining-liquids-and-finishing-methods-on-translucency-of-a-hybrid-ceramic-material-having-two-different-translucency-levels
#14
Sebnem Ulviye Buyukkaplan, Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan, Çağatay Barutcigil, Merve Arslan, Kubilay Barutcigil, Elif Ece Yoldan
PURPOSE: Beverages may affect the translucency of esthetic dental restorative materials. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of coffee and red wine on the translucency of a PICN material with two translucency levels, and finished with different methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2M2 high translucent and translucent VITA Enamic hybrid ceramic blocks were investigated. Rectangular specimens with the dimensions of 12 mm × 14 mm × 2 mm were prepared...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141965/food-groups-and-risk-of-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#15
REVIEW
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Violetta Andriolo, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation of the intakes of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the risk of hypertension. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically until June 2017 for prospective studies having quantitatively investigated the above-mentioned foods. We conducted meta-analysis on the highest compared with the lowest intake categories and linear and nonlinear dose-response meta-analyses to analyze the association...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141409/a-versatile-probe-for-caffeine-detection-in-real-life-samples-via-excitation-triggered-alteration-in-sensing-behavior-of-fluorescent-organic-nanoaggregates
#16
Nilanjan Dey, Basudeb Maji, Santanu Bhattacharya
Excitation triggered alteration in the sensing behavior of fluorescent nanoaggregates was explored in water, considering caffeine as the 'target analyte'. Merely by changing the excitation wavelength, we could specifically excite either the monomeric species or the fluorescent nanoaggregates. The monomer showed highly sensitive interaction with caffeine despite poor selectivity, while the 'strongly associated' fluorescent nanoaggregates displayed relatively high selectivity with low sensitivity. Additionally, the extent of self-aggregation was also found to be influenced by the micropolarity of the local surroundings and the electronics of the core carbazole unit...
November 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141041/effects-of-a-mixed-berry-beverage-on-cognitive-functions-and-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-a-randomized-cross-over-study-in-healthy-older-adults
#17
Anne Nilsson, Ilkka Salo, Merichel Plaza, Inger Björck
BACKGROUND: Berries and associated bioactive compounds, e.g. polyphenols and dietary fibre (DF), may have beneficial implications with respect to the metabolic syndrome, including also cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects on cognitive functions and cardiometabolic risk markers of 5 wk intervention with a mixture of berries, in healthy humans. METHODS: Forty healthy subjects between 50-70 years old were provided a berry beverage based on a mixture of berries (150g blueberries, 50g blackcurrant, 50g elderberry, 50g lingonberries, 50g strawberry, and 100g tomatoes) or a control beverage, daily during 5 weeks in a randomized crossover design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140412/alcohol-consumption-and-lung-cancer-risk-in-never-smokers-a-pooled-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#18
José A García Lavandeira, Alberto Ruano-Ravina, Karl T Kelsey, María Torres-Durán, Isaura Parente-Lamelas, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Maruxa Zapata, José Abal-Arca, Iria Vidal-García, Carmen Montero-Martínez, Margarita Amenedo, Olalla Castro-Añón, Antonio Golpe-Gómez, Rosirys Guzmán-Taveras, Cristina Martínez, Mariano Provencio, María J Mejuto-Martí, Silvia García-García, Alberto Fernández-Villar, María Piñeiro, Juan M Barros-Dios
Background: Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in developed countries but the etiology of lung cancer risk in never smokers (LCRINS) is largely unknown. We aim to assess the effects of alcohol consumption, in its different forms, on LCRINS. Methods: We pooled six multi-center case-control studies developed in the northwest of Spain. Cases and controls groups were composed of never smokers. We selected incident cases with anatomopathologically confirmed lung cancer diagnoses...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139225/oolong-tea-prevents-cardiomyocyte-loss-against-hypoxia-by-attenuating-p-jnk-mediated-hypertrophy-and-enhancing-p-igf1r-p-akt-and-p-bad-ser136-activity-and-by-fortifying-nrf2-antioxidation-system
#19
Marthandam Asokan Shibu, Chia-Hua Kuo, Bih-Cheng Chen, Da-Tong Ju, Ray-Jade Chen, Chao-Hung Lai, Pei-Jane Huang, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Tea, the most widely consumed natural beverage has been associated with reduced mortality risk from cardiovascular disease. Oolong tea is a partially fermented tea containing high levels of catechins, their degree of oxidation varies between 20%-80% causing differences in their active metabolites. In this study we examined the effect of oolong tea extract (OTE) obtained by oxidation at low-temperature for short-time against hypoxic injury and found that oolong tea provides cyto-protective effects by suppressing the JNK mediated hypertrophic effects and by enhancing the innate antioxidant mechanisms in neonatal cardiomyocytes and in H9c2 cells...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137699/determination-of-sulfite-in-food-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-collaborative-study
#20
Katherine S Carlos, Lowri S de Jager
Sulfites are added to a wide range of food and beverage products to prevent browning or oxidation. Although most of the population do not experience side effects from consuming sulfites, a small subset has been shown to experience an "allergic-like" response. For this reason, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration requires that sulfites be labeled on all products that contain more than 10 mg/kg (parts per million) sulfur dioxide. The current regulatory method, optimized Monier-Williams (OMW) Official Method 990...
November 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
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