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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437455/effect-of-a-probiotic-beverage-consumption-enterococcus-faecium-crl-183-and-bifidobacterium-longum-atcc-15707-in-rats-with-chemically-induced-colitis
#1
Larissa Sbaglia Celiberto, Raquel Bedani, Naiara Naiana Dejani, Alexandra Ivo de Medeiros, José Antonio Sampaio Zuanon, Luis Carlos Spolidorio, Maria Angela Tallarico Adorno, Maria Bernadete Amâncio Varesche, Fábio Carrilho Galvão, Sandro Roberto Valentini, Graciela Font de Valdez, Elizeu Antonio Rossi, Daniela Cardoso Umbelino Cavallini
BACKGROUND: Some probiotic strains have the potential to assist in relieving the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease. The impact of daily ingestion of a soy-based product fermented by Enterococcus faecium CRL 183 and Lactobacillus helveticus 416 with the addition of Bifidobacterium longum ATCC 15707 on chemically induced colitis has been investigated thereof within a period of 30 days. METHODS: Colitis was induced by dextran sulfate sodium. The animals were randomly assigned into five groups: Group C: negative control; Group CL: positive control; Group CLF: DSS with the fermented product; Group CLP: DSS with the non-fermented product (placebo); Group CLS: DSS with sulfasalazine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435840/microbial-flora-probiotics-bacillus-subtilis-and-the-search-for-a-long-and-healthy-human-longevity
#2
COMMENT
Facundo Rodriguez Ayala, Carlos Bauman, Sebastián Cogliati, Cecilia Leñini, Marco Bartolini, Roberto Grau
Probiotics are live microorganisms that have beneficial effects on host health, including extended lifespan, when they are administered or present in adequate quantities. However, the mechanisms by which probiotics stimulate host longevity remain unclear and very poorly understood. In a recent study (Nat. Commun. 8, 14332 (2017) doi: 10.1038/ncomms14332), we used the spore-forming probiotic bacterium Bacillus subtilis and the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans to study the mechanism by which a probiotic bacterium affects host longevity...
March 16, 2017: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435784/school-food-environment-quality-and-advertisement-frequency-of-child-oriented-packaged-products-within-walking-distance-of-public-schools
#3
Benjamin Missbach, Caterina Pachschwöll, Daniel Kuchling, Jürgen König
Food marketing for children is a major concern for public health nutrition and many schools make efforts to increase healthy eating. Food environments surrounding schools in urban areas may undermine these efforts for healthy nutrition within school programs. Our study aim is to describe the nutrition environment within walking distance of schools in terms of food quality and food marketing and to explore the degree to which elements of the nutrition environment varies by proximity to schools. In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed the surrounding food environments of a convenience sample of 46 target schools within 950m walking distance in 7 different urban districts across Vienna, Austria...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434733/short-communication-discrimination-between-retail-bovine-milks-with-different-fat-contents-using-chemometrics-and-fatty-acid-profiling
#4
Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez, Paula Toro-Mujica, Daniel Enriquez-Hidalgo, María Angélica Fellenberg, Pilar Gómez-Cortés
We used a multivariate chemometric approach to differentiate or associate retail bovine milks with different fat contents and non-dairy beverages, using fatty acid profiles and statistical analysis. We collected samples of bovine milk (whole, semi-skim, and skim; n = 62) and non-dairy beverages (n = 27), and we analyzed them using gas-liquid chromatography. Principal component analysis of the fatty acid data yielded 3 significant principal components, which accounted for 72% of the total variance in the data set...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434726/short-communication-sensory-analysis-of-a-kefir-product-designed-for-active-cancer-survivors
#5
K O'Brien, C Boeneke, W Prinyawiwatkul, J Lisano, D Shackelford, K Reeves, M Christensen, R Hayward, K Carabante Ordonez, L K Stewart
Kefir is a fermented milk product that is a good source of protein and health-promoting bacteria. It has the potential to improve recovery from exercise, and the health and well-being of cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to explore cancer survivor attitudes about and acceptance of a kefir recovery beverage made from cultured milk, whole fruit, natural sweeteners, and other natural ingredients. Kefir was made by inoculating and fermenting milk with kefir grains. The kefir was then mixed with a fruit base and given to cancer survivors (n = 52) following a bout of exercise...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434611/alcohol-intake-and-risk-of-rosacea-in-us-women
#6
Suyun Li, Eunyoung Cho, Aaron M Drucker, Abrar A Qureshi, Wen-Qing Li
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic association between alcohol and rosacea is unclear and inconsistent based on the previous cross-sectional or case-control studies. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cohort study to determine the association between alcohol intake and the risk of rosacea in women. METHODS: A total of 82,737 women were included from the Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2005). Information on alcohol intake was collected every 4 years during follow-up...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434193/mediators-of-socioeconomic-differences-in-adiposity-among-youth-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
M K Gebremariam, N Lien, R A Nianogo, O A Arah
BACKGROUND: Youth with a low socioeconomic position in developed countries are at a disproportionately higher risk of being overweight or obese than their counterparts. Tackling these inequalities requires that the mechanisms behind them are well understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to summarize existing evidence regarding the factors that mediate or contribute to the explanation of the relationship between socioeconomic position and adiposity among youth...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433776/increasing-water-intake-in-pre-school-children-with-unhealthy-drinking-habits-a-year-long-controlled-longitudinal-field-experiment-assessing-the-impact-of-information-water-affordance-and-social-regulation
#8
Bradley Franks, Saadi Lahlou, Jeanne H Bottin, Isabelle Guelinckx, Sabine Boesen-Mariani
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of three interventions to increase the plain water consumption of children with unhealthy drinking habits, with an innovative approach combining the three layers of Installation Theory: embodied competences, affordances and social regulation. METHODS: 334 preschool children and their carers were allocated to three interventions: Control (control): no intervention, Information (info): online coaching sessions on water health benefits aiming at modifying embodied competences (knowledge), Information + Water Affordance (info + w): the same plus home delivery of small bottles of water...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433489/analysis-of-the-oligosaccharides-in-japanese-rice-wine-sake-by-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#9
Masafumi Tokuoka, Chihiro Honda, Akira Totsuka, Hitoshi Shindo, Masaru Hosaka
A traditional Japanese alcoholic beverage, sake, contains several oligosaccharides, which are associated with the taste of sake; however, little is known about the specific molecular species and concentrations of oligosaccharides in sake. Here, we developed an analytical method using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-time-of-flight/mass spectrometry (HILIC-TOF/MS) which successfully detects the oligosaccharides in sake. A series of oligosaccharides with successive degree of polymerization (DP) values up to 18 were identified in sake for the first time, which we have named sake oligosaccharides (SAOs)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433466/orosensory-responsiveness-and-alcohol-behaviour
#10
Margaret Thibodeau, Martha Bajec, Gary Pickering
Consumption of alcoholic beverages is widespread through much of the world, and significantly impacts human health and well-being. We sought to determine the contribution of orosensation ('taste') to several alcohol intake measures by examining general responsiveness to taste and somatosensory stimuli in a convenience sample of 435 adults recruited from six cohorts. Each cohort was divided into quantiles based on their responsiveness to sweet, sour, bitter, salty, umami, metallic, and astringent stimuli, and the resulting quantiles pooled for analysis (Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA)...
April 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433465/dumping-symptoms-is-triggered-by-fat-as-well-as-carbohydrates-in-patients-operated-with-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#11
Anna Laurenius, Malin Werling, Carel W le Roux, Lars Fändriks, Torsten Olbers
BACKGROUND: Dumping syndrome after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is traditionally associated with the consumption of refined carbohydrates, but the role of dietary fat is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study compares symptoms after consumption of a carbohydrate-rich or fat-rich beverage to determine perceived symptoms, glycemic control, and pulse rate. SETTING: University hospital. METHODS: We assessed perceived symptoms (Sigstad's Dumping Index) and glycemic control (P-glucose and S-insulin) as well as autonomic nervous system activity (reflected by arterial pulse rate) after a standardized liquid meal test (440 kcal/300 mL carbohydrates [CARB] or fat [FAT]) in a randomized crossover blinded setting...
March 1, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432007/caloric-compensation-in-preschool-children-relationships-with-body-mass-and-differences-by-food-category
#12
S Carnell, L Benson, E L Gibson, L A Mais, S Warkentin
Maintaining a healthy weight may involve compensating for previously consumed calories at subsequent meals. To test whether heavier children demonstrated poorer caloric compensation across a range of conditions, and to explore whether compensation failure was the result of inadequate adjustment of overall intake or specific over-consumption of highly palatable, high energy-density 'junk' foods, we administered two compensation tests to a sample of 4-5 y olds. For Test A, preloads varied only in carbohydrate content and were organoleptically indistinguishable (200 ml orange-flavored beverage [0 kcal vs...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430934/price-elasticity-of-alcohol-demand-in-india
#13
Santosh Kumar
Aims: Using a household survey conducted in 2014, this study estimates price elasticity of demand (PED) for beer, country liquor and spirits in India. Methods: Ordinary least-square models were used to estimate the responsiveness in alcohol demand due to price change. A large number of control variables were included to adjust for potential confounding in the model. Inter-district variation in alcohol consumption is adjusted for by including district fixed effects...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430928/typology-and-dynamics-of-heavier-drinking-styles-in-great-britain-1978-2010
#14
Robin C Purshouse, Alan Brennan, Daniel Moyo, James Nicholls, Paul Norman
Aims: To identify a typology of heavier drinking styles in Great Britain and to identify socio-demographic trends in the typology over the period 1978-2010. Methods: We applied multiple correspondence analysis and agglomerative hierarchical clustering to beverage-specific quantity-frequency measures of alcohol consumption in the repeated cross-sectional General Lifestyle Survey of Great Britain, 1978-2010. The cluster analysis focuses on the 60,043 adult respondents over this period reporting average drinking levels above the UK Government guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430926/the-association-between-alcohol-flavoured-non-alcoholic-beverages-and-alcohol-use-in-japanese-adolescents
#15
Aya Kinjo, Aya Imamoto, Maki Ikeda, Osamu Itani, Takashi Ohida, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Hideyuki Kanda, Takeo Tanihata, Susumu Higuchi, Yoneatsu Osaki
Aims: There are no legal regulations in Japan governing minors' consumption of alcohol-flavoured non-alcoholic beverages (AFNAB); therefore, we examined if their consumption could lead to increased alcohol use among adolescents in Japan. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a nonclinical, nationally representative sample of 38,494 junior (19,662 boys) and 61,556 senior (31,925 boys) high school students recruited in 2012. We measured AFNAB consumption rates and the order that adolescents first consumed AFNAB and alcohol...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430118/testing-the-capacity-of-a-multi-nutrient-profiling-system-to-guide-food-and-beverage-reformulation-results-from-five-national-food-composition-databases
#16
Emilie Combet, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Famke Mölenberg, Mathilde Gressier, Lisa Privet, Craig Wratten, Sahar Sharif, Florent Vieux, Undine Lehmann, Gabriel Masset
Nutrient profiling ranks foods based on their nutrient composition, with applications in multiple aspects of food policy. We tested the capacity of a category-specific model developed for product reformulation to improve the average nutrient content of foods, using five national food composition datasets (UK, US, China, Brazil, France). Products (n = 7183) were split into 35 categories based on the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling Systems (NNPS) and were then classified as NNPS 'Pass' if all nutrient targets were met (energy (E), total fat (TF), saturated fat (SFA), sodium (Na), added sugars (AS), protein, calcium)...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429910/dietary-patterns-and-their-associations-with-energy-nutrient-intake-and-socioeconomic-factors-in-rural-lactating-mothers-in-tibet
#17
Zhenjie Wang, Shaonong Dang, Yuan Xing, Qiang Li, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is very limited published data on Tibetan dietary patterns and its association with nutrient intakes and socioeconomic factors. The aim of this study was to identify and describe the dietary patterns and the associations with nutrient intakes in rural Tibetan pregnant, lactating mothers. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Dietary patterns and nutrient intakes were identified via a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). We identified dietary patterns using principle component analysis (PCA) of intakes of 17 food groups and specific Tibetan foods...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429900/theanine-the-unique-amino-acid-in-the-tea-plant-as-an-oral-hepatoprotective-agent
#18
Dongxu Wang, Qiang Gao, Taotao Wang, Frank Qian, Yijun Wang
For thousands of years, humans have consumed tea made from leaves of Camellia sinensis, first as a medicinal herb and then as a widely popular beverage. In the past 10 years, theanine, a tea-derived, unique, nonproteinic amino acid, has been extensively studied for its health benefits. Recently, multiple lines of evidence have proven its beneficial effects on hepatic and immune functions. One possible mechanism for its biological activity involves the downregulation of the inflammatory response through the induction of nitric oxide production and glutathione synthesis...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429634/migration-of-oligomers-from-pet-determination-of-diffusion-coefficients-and-comparison-of-experimental-versus-modelled-migration
#19
Maria Hoppe, Roberta Fornari, Pim de Voogt, Roland Franz
Polyethylene terephthalate is increasingly used as food contact material for example in containers for beverage such as bottles for soft drinks, mineral water, juices and beer. Mass transport of substances present in packaging materials into the packed food and beverages is monitored to verify the food law compliance of the materials. PET is known to contain or give rise to migrants that are oligomers derived from the polymeric material. Until now their actual migration potential has been investigated only poorly...
April 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429260/the-dietary-patterns-are-a-modifying-risk-factor-for-breast-cancer-an-ecological-study
#20
L A Radkevich, D A Radkevich
A comparative study of dietary patterns (DPs) with breast cancer (BC) incidence in different countries has been performed. It was established that in the countries with a high incidence of BC (76 per 100 000 people) the levels of consumption of the "nutrients of animal foods," "fruits and beverages," and "alcoholic drinks" are 1.5-2 times higher and that of "cereals and vegetables" is 1.5 times lower than in the countries with a low incidence of BC (35 per 100 000). In Mediterranean countries, where incidence of BC is 51 per 100 000, the levels of consumption of "animal foods" is two times lower than the levels of consumption of "cereals and vegetables...
January 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
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