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Physician empathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187194/associations-between-empathy-and-big-five-personality-traits-among-chinese-undergraduate-medical-students
#1
Yang Song, Meng Shi
BACKGROUND: Empathy promotes positive physician-patient communication and is associated with improved patient satisfaction, treatment adherence and clinical outcomes. It has been suggested that personality traits should be taken into consideration in programs designed to enhance empathy in medical education due to the association found between personality and empathy among medical students. However, the associations between empathy and big five personality traits in medical education are still underrepresented in the existing literature and relevant studies have not been conducted among medical students in China, where tensions in the physician-patient relationship have been reported as outstanding problems in the context of China's current medical reform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179893/professionalism-and-occupational-well-being-similarities-and-differences-among-latin-american-health-professionals
#2
Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
Context: Empathy, teamwork, and lifelong learning are described as key elements of professionalism. The first recipients of their benefits are professionals themselves. Paradoxically, scarce studies have reported association between professionalism and occupational well-being. The main purpose of this study was to characterize the influence that empathy, teamwork, and lifelong learning, play in the occupational well-being of physicians and nurses working in Latin American healthcare institutions. Materials and Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Empathy, the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration, the Jefferson Scale of Physicians Lifelong Learning, and the Scale of Collateral Effects (somatization, exhaustion, and work alienation), were administered to 522 physicians and nurses working in institutions of Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, and Argentina...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163848/empathy-score-among-student-residence-assistants-in-iran
#3
Najmeh Shahini, Kambiz Akhavane Rezayat, Fatemeh Behdani, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Amir Akhavan Rezayat, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Empathy, an essential component of the physician-patient relationship, may be linked to positive patient outcomes. This study aimed to determine the empathy score among student residence assistants (RAs). METHODS: In this descriptive design (cross-sectional study), 102 Iranian RAs participated in the study during 2015, completing the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSPE). Data collection was analyzed using SPSS version 17. MANOVA, independent-samples t-test, Spearman correlation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for data analysis...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160400/exploring-the-facets-of-empathy-and-pain-in-clinical-practice-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Jenny Roche, Dominic Harmon
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an essential element in providing quality patient care. The significance of empathy is even more striking in pain medicine, as chronic pain is notorious for the way it can compromise an individual, leaving him or her isolated and feeling misconceived. This review examines the role of empathy in pain medicine practice. METHODS: Current and past literature focusing on empathy and pain was searched for in PubMed, Science Direct, Medline (Ovid), Medline (Ebsco), Research Gate, and Google Scholar in July 2015...
February 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156648/is-empathy-associated-with-a-derived-sense-of-meaning-among-resident-physicians-working-with-patients-nearing-the-end-of-life-on-a-hematology-oncology-ward
#5
Jonathan Komisar
: 28 Background: An association between empathy and physician-in-training based meaning derived from patient deaths has not been explored previously. If meaning is associated with empathy, an intervention to enhance meaning may counteract empathy decline and promote clinician resilience. This study sought to understand if empathy might be associated with the ability to find meaning in the clinical situations that residents face in oncology. METHODS: Internal Medicine residents rotating on a Hematology/Oncology ward were asked "Do you derive a sense of meaning from working with dying patients? Yes or No...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156533/palliative-care-always-as-a-massive-open-online-course-mooc-to-build-primary-palliative-care-in-a-global-audience
#6
Kavitha Ramchandran, Joshua Fronk, Judy Passaglia, Kelly Bugos, Manuela Kogon, Lori Klein, Ellen Brown, Sandy Chan, Lynn Hutton, Grace Lyo, Kimberly Frost Sickler
: 123 Background: Primary palliative care (PC) is critical to improve access to PC from the point of diagnosis. Still, barriers exist to providing primary PC worldwide, including a lack of awareness, time, and training. Interactive online learning experiences can help overcome these. This project describes a massive open online course (MOOC)--Palliative Care Always--designed to build primary PC skills in a global audience. METHODS: A team of PC providers and online instructional experts developed 12 modules that included: patient scenes, brief lectures, empathy exercises, and Google Hangout discussions...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156530/evaluation-of-hematologist-oncologist-attributes-by-physicians-and-patients-a-survey-study
#7
Cory Patrick, Rakesh Singal, Damien Mikael Hansra
: 124 Background: We aim to compare what attributes are important to hematology/oncology (hem/onc) physicians (MD) and patients (pts). METHODS: IRB approval obtained. Pts and MDs at an academic tertiary care medical center were enrolled to complete a survey. Demographics include: age, gender, race, and ethnicity. Clinical info collected: cancer subtype and treating MD. Survey consisted of 5 questions assessing opinions on physician attributes. Patients were asked: "It is important that my doctor" is friendly, is empathetic, is knowledgeable, well dressed, and engaged in research...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152931/timeliness-of-care-delivery-for-lung-cancer-patients-in-a-vertically-integrated-health-care-system
#8
Erin Elizabeth Hahn
: 127 Background: A Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC) organizational goal is to achieve optimal timeliness of cancer care delivery. The purpose of this report is to present a process used for a multi-disciplinary physician led performance improvement exercise at the at the Los Angeles Medical Center and share initial learnings. METHODS: A CME approved Performance Improvement (PI) program to examine timeliness of care delivery for newly diagnosed patients with lung cancer was created for physicians...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150378/challenging-some-assumptions-about-empathy
#9
Peter Gallagher, Helen Moriarty, Mark Huthwaite, Bee Lim
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand little nursing or medical curricula time, if any, is specifically devoted to the enhancement of empathy. If being empathic is important in the context of patient care, it is a quality that is already present in students or is learned by students during their practicum in the company of experienced clinicians. This study aimed to compare self-reported empathy ratings between different groups of medical students and one cohort of nursing students who were either exposed or not exposed to explicit empathy training or learning in clinical settings in the presence of patients...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145946/emergency-medical-technician-training-during-medical-school-benefits-for-the-hidden-curriculum
#10
Rebecca Russ-Sellers, Thomas H Blackwell
PROBLEM: Medical schools are encouraged to introduce students to clinical experiences early, to integrate biomedical and clinical sciences, and to expose students to interprofessional health providers and teams. One important goal is for students to gain a better understanding of the patients they will care for in the future and how their social and behavioral characteristics may affect care delivery. APPROACH: To promote early clinical exposure and biomedical integration, in 2012 the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville incorporated emergency medical technician (EMT) training into the curriculum...
January 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131650/-she-s-on-her-own-a-thematic-analysis-of-clinicians-comments-on-abortion-referral
#11
Nazeneen Homaifar, Lori Freedman, Valerie French
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to understand the motivations around and practices of abortion referral among women's health providers. METHODS: We analyzed the written comments from a survey of Nebraska physicians and advanced-practice clinicians in family medicine and obstetrics-gynecology about their referral practices and opinions for a woman seeking an abortion. We analyzed clinician's responses to open-ended questions on abortion referral thematically. RESULTS: Of the 496 completed surveys, 431 had comments available for analysis...
January 25, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129956/-medically-unexplained-symptoms-care-in-internal-medicine-a-paradigm-of-doctor-patient-relationship-in-situation-of-uncertainty
#12
B Ranque, O Nardon
Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are extremely common in general practice as in all medical specialties, but their designation is not unambiguous and the approaches to take care of the patients differ from conventional therapeutic approaches. The difficulty is not to confirm the diagnosis, which is rapidly obvious with some experience, but to establish a genuinely human therapeutic relationship, without any technical help, which pushes the doctor to the edge of his empathy and communication skills. The discomfort or even distress regularly encountered by physicians in front of a patient with MUS shows that the foundations of the doctor-patient relationship under uncertainty are poorly mastered...
January 24, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125436/psychosocial-difficulties-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Ambra M Giovannetti, Venusia Covelli, Luigi Romito, Antonio E Elia, Francesco Carella, Paola Soliveri, Matilde Leonardi
The aim of this study was to report the most frequent psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), to explore the relationship between PSDs, disability and quality of life (QoL), and to address the predictors of PSDs. Patients with PD were interviewed using a protocol composed of a questionnaire investigating PSDs (PARADISE 24), QoL, disability, comorbidity, and social support questionnaires, scales on resilience, personality traits, and empathy in physician. Most frequent PSDs were reported...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121650/effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-the-mental-health-of-clinical-clerkship-students-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Reinier P Akkermans, Baziel G M van Engelen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction training (MBSR) on the mental health of medical students during clinical clerkships. METHOD: Between February 2011 and May 2014, the authors conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial of clerkships as usual (CAU) and clerkships with additional MBSR in medical students during their first year of clinical clerkships at a Dutch university medical center. MBSR consisted of eight weekly two-hour sessions, comprising didactic teaching, meditation exercises, and group dialogues...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114984/professionalism-professionalization-expertise-and-compassion-a-qualitative-study-of-medical-residents
#15
Susan P Phillips, Nancy Dalgarno
BACKGROUND: Formal and informal medical curricula convey expectations about professionalization, that is, the development of physician identity, and also about professionalism. This study examined whether, in general, junior residents experienced any dissonance between these roles and focused particularly on how they negotiated conflicts between compassion, self-care, duty and medical expertise. METHODS: In 2015, purposive sampling was used to select 21 first-year residents at a Canadian medical school...
January 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103729/strategies-to-promote-resilience-empathy-and-well-being-in-the-health-professions-insights-from-the-2015-centile-conference
#16
Aviad Haramati, Sian Cotton, Jamie S Padmore, Hedy S Wald, Peggy A Weissinger
The high prevalence of physician burnout is of great concern and may begin with observed declines in empathy and increases in stress and burnout in medical and health professions students. While underlying causes have been described, there is less certainty on how to create effective interventions in curricula and workplace. In October 2015, The Center for Innovation and Leadership in Education (CENTILE) at Georgetown University, together with MedStar Health, Georgetown's clinical partner, and six academic institutions sponsored a conference in Washington, DC...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075109/patient-centered-communication-basic-skills
#17
M Jawad Hashim
Communication skills needed for patient-centered care include eliciting the patient's agenda with open-ended questions, especially early on; not interrupting the patient; and engaging in focused active listening. Understanding the patient's perspective of the illness and expressing empathy are key features of patient-centered communication. Understanding the patient's perspective entails exploring the patient's feelings, ideas, concerns, and experience regarding the impact of the illness, as well as what the patient expects from the physician...
January 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018531/well-being-in-residency-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Kristin S Raj
BACKGROUND : Rates of physician burnout have increased in recent years, and high burnout levels are reported by physicians in training. OBJECTIVE : This review of the research on resident well-being seeks to identify factors associated with well-being, summarize well-being promotion interventions, and provide a framework for future research efforts. METHODS : Keywords were used to search PubMed, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE. Studies included were conducted between 1989 and 2014...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981566/patient-perceptions-of-care-as-influenced-by-a-large-institutional-pharmacogenomic-implementation-program
#19
Ryan P McKillip, Brittany A Borden, Paige Galecki, Sandra A Ham, Linda Patrick-Miller, Julianne P Hall, Sheena Hussain, Keith Danahey, Mark Siegler, Matthew J Sorrentino, Yasmin Sacro, Andrew M Davis, David T Rubin, Kristen Lipstreuer, Tamar S Polonsky, Rita Nanda, William R Harper, Jay L Koyner, Deborah L Burnet, Walter M Stadler, Mark J Ratain, David O Meltzer, Peter H O'Donnell
Despite growing clinical use of genomic information, patient perceptions of genomic-based care are poorly understood. We prospectively studied patient-physician pairs who participated in an institutional pharmacogenomic implementation program. Trust/Privacy/Empathy/Medical Decision-Making (MDM)/Personalized Care (PC) dimensions were assessed through patient surveys after clinic visits at which physicians had access to preemptive pharmacogenomic results (Likert scale, 1-minimum/5-maximum; mean [SD]). From 2012-2015, 1,261 surveys were issued to 507 patients, with 792 (62...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968846/factors-associated-with-professionalism-in-chinese-medical-students-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#20
Angela P Fan, Russell O Kosik, Guo-Tong Xu, Qiaoling Cai, Selina Lien, Lei Huang, Xudong Zhao, Xiaojie Zhang, Yuhwa Wang, Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Professionalism is a central part of medical practice, and medical organisations worldwide have mandated training on this topic for future medical doctors. In China, national guidelines were developed to make explicit expectations that were once implicit. Medical education reform over the past decade has emphasised topics such as medical humanities, life-long learning, and patient-centered learning in an effort to increase the professionalism of future physicians. Although the importance of teaching professionalism has been well recognised, few studies have evaluated its implementation at Chinese medical schools...
October 2016: Lancet
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