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Physician empathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430567/how-should-clinicians-respond-to-medical-requests-from-clinician-family-members-of-patients
#1
Andrew Thurston
In the medical profession, receiving a request for medical management from a colleague is a routine experience. However, when the colleague is a family member of a patient and the desired or requested medical intervention is not medically indicated in the attending physician's view, the situation becomes more complicated. Ethical issues include respect for patient autonomy and social justice as well as nonmaleficence. Furthermore, interpersonal and professional relationships may be tested in this situation...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406102/strong-correlations-between-empathy-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-traits-among-podiatric-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Kurtis Bertram, John Randazzo, Nathaniel Alabi, Jack Levenson, John T Doucette, Peter Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of health-care providers to demonstrate empathy toward their patients results in a number of positive outcomes improving the quality of care. In addition, a provider's level of emotional intelligence (EI) can further the doctor-patient relationship, stimulating a more personalized and comprehensive manner of treating patients. Furthermore, personality traits of a clinician may positively or negatively influence that relationship, as well as clinical outcomes. This study was designed to evaluate empathy levels in podiatric medical students in a 4-year doctoral program...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404208/predictors-of-physicians-communication-performance-in-a-decision-making-encounter-with-a-simulated-advanced-stage-cancer-patient-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Yves Libert, Delphine Canivet, Catherine Ménard, Laëtitia Van Achte, Christine Farvacques, Isabelle Merckaert, Aurore Liénard, Jean Klastersky, Christine Reynaert, Jean-Louis Slachmuylder, Jean-François Durieux, Nicole Delvaux, Darius Razavi
OBJECTIVES: Physicians' characteristics that influence their communication performance (CP) in decision-making encounters have been rarely studied. In this longitudinal study, predictors of physicians' CP were investigated with a simulated advanced-stage cancer patient. METHODS: Physicians (n=85) performed a decision-making encounter with a simulated patient (SP). Their CP was calculated by analyzing encounter transcripts with validated interaction analysis systems...
March 4, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379929/associations-between-physician-empathy-physician-characteristics-and-standardized-measures-of-patient-experience
#4
Alexander Chaitoff, Bob Sun, Amy Windover, Daniel Bokar, Joseph Featherall, Michael B Rothberg, Anita D Misra-Hebert
PURPOSE: To identify correlates of physician empathy and determine whether physician empathy is related to standardized measures of patient experience. METHOD: Demographic, professional, and empathy data were collected during 2013-2015 from Cleveland Clinic Health System physicians prior to participation in mandatory communication skills training. Empathy was assessed using the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. Data were also collected for seven measures (six provider communication items and overall provider rating) from the visit-specific and 12-month Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Clinician and Group (CG-CAHPS) surveys...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370335/challenges-faced-by-physicians-when-discussing-the-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-diagnosis-with-patients-insights-from-a-cross-national-study-introdia-%C3%A2
#5
M Capehorn, W H Polonsky, S Edelman, A Belton, S Down, V Gamerman, F Nagel, J Lee, A Alzaid
AIMS: To investigate physicians' recalled experiences of their conversations with patients at diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes, because physician-patient communication at that time may influence the patient's subsequent self-care and outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large cross-national study of physician-patient communication during early treatment of Novo 2017 Charles Fox v2 Type 2 diabetes (IntroDia(®) ), we conducted a cross-sectional survey of physicians treating people with Type 2 diabetes in 26 countries across Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, North America and Oceania...
March 28, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350633/patient-and-physician-race-and-the-allocation-of-time-and-patient-engagement-efforts-to-mental-health-discussions-in-primary-care-an-observational-study-of-audiorecorded-periodic-health-examinations
#6
Patricia K Foo, Richard M Frankel, Thomas G McGuire, Alan M Zaslavsky, Jennifer Elston Lafata, Ming Tai-Seale
This study investigated racial differences in patient-physician communication around mental health versus biomedical issues. Data were collected from audiorecorded periodic health examinations of adults with mental health needs in the Detroit area (2007-2009). Patients and their primary care physicians conversed for twice as long, and physicians demonstrated greater empathy during mental health topics than during biomedical topics. This increase varied by patient and physician race. Patient race predicted physician empathy, but physician race predicted talk time...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347193/placebo-prescription-and-empathy-of-the-physician-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
João Braga-Simões, Patrício Soares Costa, John Yaphe
BACKGROUND: Empathy in the patient-physician relationship is a major component in an effective placebo treatment, as in every medical treatment. Understanding the role of empathy of the physician in the placebo effect may help dissect some of the context variables responsible for the effectiveness of the placebo. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of placebo prescription, doctors' beliefs, motivation, and attitudes to placebos in general practice in northern Portugal and to test the association between placebo prescription and physician empathy...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344715/the-emotional-intelligence-of-pediatric-residents-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#8
Scott A McLeod, Lyn K Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a type of social intelligence. Excellent scores are achieved by displaying high levels of empathy in interpersonal relationships, strong skills in managing stressful situations as well as other personal competencies. Many of the social competencies that EI describes may have a direct impact on patient care. The objective of this study was to describe EI of pediatric residents and to identify if there are EI skills that should be selected for targeted intervention...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#9
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321806/patient-satisfaction-in-musculoskeletal-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Matthew J Smith, Theodore J Choma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is a literature review of the measurement of patient satisfaction in musculoskeletal medicine. Its purpose is to better understand the motivation for such measurements, the potential confounders, and the potential physician behaviors that may modulate such measures. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been studies documenting that physician conveyance of empathy, the extent to which patients' expectations for pain control and timeliness of care are met, as well as patient demographics and health status all affect the current measures of patient satisfaction...
March 20, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287827/intensive-care-unit-educators-a-multicenter-evaluation-of-behaviors-residents-value-in-attending-physicians
#11
Lekshmi Santhosh, Snigdha Jain, Anna Brady, Michelle Sharp, W Graham Carlos
RATIONALE: It is important for attending physicians to know which behaviors influence learner perceptions. To date, two studies focusing on general medicine attending physicians have been published addressing internal medicine residents' perceptions of attending physicians; there are no data on intensive care unit (ICU) attending physicians. OBJECTIVES: We sought to expand the evidence regarding this topic through a multicenter study at four geographically diverse academic medical centers...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271392/labelling-of-mental-illness-in-a%C3%A2-paediatric-emergency-department-and-its-implications-for-stigma-reduction-education
#12
Javeed Sukhera, Kristina Miller, Alexandra Milne, Christina Scerbo, Rodrick Lim, Alicia Cooper, Chris Watling
INTRODUCTION: Stigmatizing attitudes and behaviours towards patients with mental illness have negative consequences on their health. Despite research regarding educational and social contact-based interventions to reduce stigma, there are limitations to the success of these interventions for individuals with deeply held stigmatizing beliefs. Our study sought to better understand the process of implicit mental illness stigma in the setting of a paediatric emergency department to inform the design of future educational interventions...
March 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263022/the-importance-of-patient-centred-care-to-overcome-barriers-in-the-management-of-actinic-keratosis
#13
REVIEW
R Cerio
Visible actinic keratosis (AK) lesions and subclinical (non-visible) sun damage in the field of cancerization are associated with risk of both non-melanoma skin cancer, including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and, more rarely, melanoma. As the incidences of AK and skin cancer are increasing, effective prevention and treatment of AK is essential to minimize disease burden and improve patient quality of life. Currently, AK lesions are often left untreated and field therapies are underused...
March 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237408/why-teaching-empathy-is-important-for-the-medical-degree
#14
N Díez-Goñi, M C Rodríguez-Díez
Empathy is a basic skill in the exercise of medicine and increases patient and physician satisfaction and improves clinical results. However, the teaching of empathy is poorly covered in the teaching plans. A number of studies have observed a reduction in empathy during the final training courses. The reasons for this decline include, the students' excessive academic workload, the prioritisation of acquiring medical expertise over humanistic knowledge, the patient load in hospitals and health centres and the physicians' need to distance themselves from their patients...
February 23, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187194/associations-between-empathy-and-big-five-personality-traits-among-chinese-undergraduate-medical-students
#15
Yang Song, Meng Shi
BACKGROUND: Empathy promotes positive physician-patient communication and is associated with improved patient satisfaction, treatment adherence and clinical outcomes. It has been suggested that personality traits should be taken into consideration in programs designed to enhance empathy in medical education due to the association found between personality and empathy among medical students. However, the associations between empathy and big five personality traits in medical education are still underrepresented in the existing literature and relevant studies have not been conducted among medical students in China, where tensions in the physician-patient relationship have been reported as outstanding problems in the context of China's current medical reform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179893/professionalism-and-occupational-well-being-similarities-and-differences-among-latin-american-health-professionals
#16
Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
Context: Empathy, teamwork, and lifelong learning are described as key elements of professionalism. The first recipients of their benefits are professionals themselves. Paradoxically, scarce studies have reported association between professionalism and occupational well-being. The main purpose of this study was to characterize the influence that empathy, teamwork, and lifelong learning, play in the occupational well-being of physicians and nurses working in Latin American healthcare institutions. Materials and Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Empathy, the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration, the Jefferson Scale of Physicians Lifelong Learning, and the Scale of Collateral Effects (somatization, exhaustion, and work alienation), were administered to 522 physicians and nurses working in institutions of Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, and Argentina...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163848/empathy-score-among-student-residence-assistants-in-iran
#17
Najmeh Shahini, Kambiz Akhavane Rezayat, Fatemeh Behdani, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Amir Akhavan Rezayat, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Empathy, an essential component of the physician-patient relationship, may be linked to positive patient outcomes. This study aimed to determine the empathy score among student residence assistants (RAs). METHODS: In this descriptive design (cross-sectional study), 102 Iranian RAs participated in the study during 2015, completing the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSPE). Data collection was analyzed using SPSS version 17. MANOVA, independent-samples t-test, Spearman correlation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for data analysis...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160400/exploring-the-facets-of-empathy-and-pain-in-clinical-practice-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Jenny Roche, Dominic Harmon
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an essential element in providing quality patient care. The significance of empathy is even more striking in pain medicine, as chronic pain is notorious for the way it can compromise an individual, leaving him or her isolated and feeling misconceived. This review examines the role of empathy in pain medicine practice. METHODS: Current and past literature focusing on empathy and pain was searched for in PubMed, Science Direct, MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE (Ebsco), Research Gate, and Google Scholar in July 2015...
February 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156648/is-empathy-associated-with-a-derived-sense-of-meaning-among-resident-physicians-working-with-patients-nearing-the-end-of-life-on-a-hematology-oncology-ward
#19
Jonathan Komisar
28 Background: An association between empathy and physician-in-training based meaning derived from patient deaths has not been explored previously. If meaning is associated with empathy, an intervention to enhance meaning may counteract empathy decline and promote clinician resilience. This study sought to understand if empathy might be associated with the ability to find meaning in the clinical situations that residents face in oncology. METHODS: Internal Medicine residents rotating on a Hematology/Oncology ward were asked "Do you derive a sense of meaning from working with dying patients? Yes or No...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156533/palliative-care-always-as-a-massive-open-online-course-mooc-to-build-primary-palliative-care-in-a-global-audience
#20
Kavitha Ramchandran, Joshua Fronk, Judy Passaglia, Kelly Bugos, Manuela Kogon, Lori Klein, Ellen Brown, Sandy Chan, Lynn Hutton, Grace Lyo, Kimberly Frost Sickler
123 Background: Primary palliative care (PC) is critical to improve access to PC from the point of diagnosis. Still, barriers exist to providing primary PC worldwide, including a lack of awareness, time, and training. Interactive online learning experiences can help overcome these. This project describes a massive open online course (MOOC)--Palliative Care Always--designed to build primary PC skills in a global audience. METHODS: A team of PC providers and online instructional experts developed 12 modules that included: patient scenes, brief lectures, empathy exercises, and Google Hangout discussions...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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