keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physician empathy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645236/a-quantitative-study-of-empathy-in-pakistani-medical-students-a-multicentered-approach
#1
Nabia Tariq, Tariq Rasheed, Mohsen Tavakol
OBJECTIVE: To examine the empathy level of undergraduate medical students in Pakistan. Three hypotheses are developed based on the literature review. (1) Female medical students have a higher level of empathy than do male students. (2) Empathy scores vary during the medical school years in Pakistani students. (3) Medical students interested in people-oriented specialties would score higher than the students interested in technology-oriented specialties. METHODS: This is a quantitative inquiry approach using a cross-sectional design of 1453 students from 8 Pakistani medical schools, both private and state...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638517/writing-well-the-long-term-effect-on-empathy-observation-and-physician-writing-through-a-residency-writers-workshop
#2
Megan Lemay, John Encandela, Lisa Sanders, Anna Reisman
BACKGROUND: Writing narratives during medical training can provide a way to derive meaning from challenging experiences, enhance reflection, and combat burnout. The Yale Internal Medicine Residency Writers' Workshop, an annual 2-day intensive workshop followed by faculty-guided writing revision and publication, has been training resident physicians in the craft of writing since 2003. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the long-term effects of a craft-focused writers' workshop for residents on empathy, observation skills, and future writing...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619270/what-is-symptom-meaning-a-framework-analysis-of-communication-in-palliative-care-consultations
#3
Celina F Estacio, Phyllis N Butow, Melanie R Lovell, Skye T Dong, Josephine M Clayton
OBJECTIVE: There is a limited understanding of symptom meaning and its significance to clinical practice within symptom experience literature. This study aims to qualitatively explore the ways in which symptom meanings are discussed by patients and responded to by palliative care physicians during consultations. METHODS: Framework analysis was conducted with 40 palliative care consultation transcripts. RESULTS: 55% of consultations discussed symptom meaning...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614041/effect-of-short-term-research-training-programs-on-medical-students-attitudes-toward-aging
#4
Dilip V Jeste, Julie Avanzino, Colin A Depp, Maja Gawronska, Xin Tu, Daniel D Sewell, Steven F Huege
Strategies to build a larger workforce of physicians dedicated to research on aging are needed. One method to address this shortage of physician scientists in geriatrics is short-term training in aging research for early-stage medical students. The authors examined the effects of two summer research training programs, funded by the National Institutes of Health, on medical students' attitudes toward aging, using the Carolina Opinions on Care of Older Adults (COCOA). The programs combined mentored research, didactics, and some clinical exposure...
June 14, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574531/do-hcahps-doctor-communication-scores-reflect-the-communication-skills-of-the-attending-on-record-a-cautionary-tale-from-a-tertiary-care-medical-service
#5
Vicente J Velez, Roop Kaw, Bo Hu, Richard M Frankel, Amy K Windover, Dan Bokar, Julie M Rish, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores measure patient satisfaction with hospital care. It is not known if these reflect the communication skills of the attending physician on record. The Four Habits Coding Scheme (4HCS) is a validated instrument that measures bedside physician communication skills according to 4 habits, namely: investing in the beginning, eliciting the patient's perspective, demonstrating empathy, and investing in the end...
June 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567067/medication-adherence-in-patients-with-hypertension-does-satisfaction-with-doctor-patient-relationship-work
#6
Ahmad Mahmoudian, Ahmadreza Zamani, Neda Tavakoli, Ziba Farajzadegan, Fariba Fathollahi-Dehkordi
BACKGROUND: It is assumed that doctor-patient relationship plays an effective role in patients' satisfaction, medication adherence, and health outcomes since exploring different aspects of this relationship, such as addressing medication adherence, has rarely been investigated. Therefore, the main aim of the present study was to assess the impact of patients' satisfaction derived from communicating with doctors on medication adherence in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted on three hundred patients with hypertension, using multistage sampling technique in health care centers in Isfahan, Iran...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553908/from-silence-into-language-questioning-the-power-of-physician-illness-narratives
#7
Amy E Caruso Brown, Rebecca Garden
Physicians' narratives of their own experiences of illness can be a kind of empathic bridge across the divide between a professional healer and a sick patient. This essay considers ways in which physicians' narratives of their own and family members' experiences of cancer shape encounters with patients and patients' experiences of illness. It analyzes ethical dimensions of physicians' narratives (such as those by Atul Gawande, Siddhartha Mukherjee, and Paul Kalanithi) and of reflective writing in medical education...
May 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541072/associations-between-spontaneous-parental-perspective-taking-and-stimulated-cytokine-responses-in-children-with-asthma
#8
Erika M Manczak, Cynthia S Levine, Katherine B Ehrlich, Devika Basu, Dan P McAdams, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive empathy in parents-reflecting the extent to which one considers the perspectives and emotions of others-is hypothesized to contribute to family social environments in ways that affect youths' physical health. Using a novel assessment technique for cognitive empathy, the current study examined associations between spontaneous parental perspective-taking and key inflammatory processes implicated in pediatric asthma. METHOD: One hundred thirty children (ages 9-17) with physician-diagnosed asthma, along with 1 parent, participated in the current study...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539188/counterbalancing-work-related-stress-work-engagement-among-intensive-care-professionals
#9
Margo M C van Mol, Marjan D Nijkamp, Jan Bakker, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Erwin J O Kompanje
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Working in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is increasingly complex and is also physically, cognitively and emotionally demanding. Although the negative emotions of work-related stress have been well studied, the opposite perspective of work engagement might also provide valuable insight into how these emotional demands may be countered. This study focused on the work engagement of ICU professionals and explored the complex relationship between work engagement, job demands and advantageous personal resources...
May 20, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532893/making-a-difference-in-medical-trainees-attitudes-toward-latino-patients-a-pilot-study-of-an-intervention-to-modify-implicit-and-explicit-attitudes
#10
Mimi V Chapman, William J Hall, Kent Lee, Robert Colby, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Steve Day, Eugenia Eng, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Yesenia Merino, Florence M Simán, Tainayah Thomas, Kari Thatcher, Keith Payne
Negative attitudes and discrimination against Latinos exist in the dominant U.S. culture and in healthcare systems, contributing to ongoing health disparities. This article provides findings of a pilot test of Yo Veo Salud (I See Health), an intervention designed to positively modify attitudes toward Latinos among medical trainees. The research question was: Compared to the comparison group, did the intervention group show lower levels of implicit bias against Latinos versus Whites, and higher levels of ethnocultural empathy, healthcare empathy, and patient-centeredness? We used a sequential cohort, post-test design to evaluate Yo Veo Salud with a sample of 69 medical trainees...
May 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505180/empathic-nonverbal-behavior-increases-ratings-of-both-warmth-and-competence-in-a-medical-context
#11
Gordon T Kraft-Todd, Diego A Reinero, John M Kelley, Andrea S Heberlein, Lee Baer, Helen Riess
In medicine, it is critical that clinicians demonstrate both empathy (perceived as warmth) and competence. Perceptions of these qualities are often intuitive and are based on nonverbal behavior. Emphasizing both warmth and competence may prove problematic, however, because there is evidence that they are inversely related in other settings. We hypothesize that perceptions of physician competence will instead be positively correlated with perceptions of physician warmth and empathy, potentially due to changing conceptions of the physician's role...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#12
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499346/occupational-burnout-and-empathy-influence-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care-physicians
#13
Oriol Yuguero, Josep Ramon Marsal, Montserrat Esquerda, Jorge Soler-González
BACKGROUND: Good physician-patient communication can favor the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits, which is essential in high blood pressure (BP) management. More empathic physicians tend to have lower burnout and better communication skills. We analyzed the association between burnout and empathy among primary care physicians and nurses and investigated the influence on BP control performance. METHODS: Descriptive study conducted in 2014 investigating burnout and empathy levels in 267 primary care physicians and nurses and BP control data for 301,657 patients under their care...
May 12, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486880/process-oriented-dynamic-group-psychotherapy-for-depression-as-a-teaching-modality-in-a-family-medicine-residency-program-a-pilot-study
#14
Eric P Simon, Richard McClaflin, Rachel Zonca, Karen Mikuni, Willard Chung, Ethan Etnyre, Lindsey Faucette, David Oates, Chuck Merrill
Background and Objectives This pilot study provides a description and evaluation of process-oriented dynamic group psychotherapy for depression as a teaching modality for family medicine residents. The main purpose of using this modality was to teach family medicine residents a variety of psychological clinical skills. A secondary benefit of this modality was to provide in-house, primary care treatment to depressed patients, although the efficacy of this was not evaluated in the present study. Methods A 10-item, self-report, Likert-type questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of family medicine residents who had participated in the program...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471469/influence-of-physician-empathy-on-the-outcome-of-botulinum-toxin-treatment-for-upper-limb-spasticity-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-cohort-study
#15
Alessandro Picelli, Gabriella Vallies, Elena Chemello, Alessandro Gavras, Paola Castellazzi, Andrea Meschieri, Anna Serina, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Alessio Baricich, Andrea Santamato, Carlo Cisari, Nicola Smania
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between patient-rated physician empathy and outcome of botulinum toxin treatment for post-stroke upper limb spasticity. DESIGN: Cohort study. SUBJECTS: Twenty chronic stroke patients with upper limb spasticity. METHODS: All patients received incobotulinumtoxinA injection in at least one muscle for each of the following patterns: flexed elbow, flexed wrist and clenched fist. Each treatment was performed by 1 of 5 physiatrists with equivalent clinical experience...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464865/empathy-in-psychoanalysis-and-medical-education-what-can-we-learn-from-each-other
#16
Henriette Löffler-Stastka, Felicitas Datz, Karoline Parth, Ingrid Preusche, Xenia Bukowski, Charles Seidman
BACKGROUND: Several research areas, including medical education (ME), focus on empathy as an important topic in interpersonal relationships. This focus is central to the use of communication skills related to empathy and even more crucial to provide information in a way that makes patients feel more involved in the treatment process. Psychoanalysis (PA) provides its initial concept of empathy based on affective aspects including findings from neuroscience and brain research. Enhancing cooperation between ME and PA can help to integrate both aspects of empathy into a longitudinal training program...
May 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461743/motivational-interviewing-for-adherence-post-training-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-physicians-who-treat-asthma-patients
#17
Miguel Román-Rodríguez, Lara Ibarrola-Ruiz, Fernando Mora, Vicente Plaza, Joaquín Sastre, Alfonso Torrego, José María Vega, Guadalupe Sánchez-Herrero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitudes and perceptions of health care professionals (HCPs) who have been trained in motivational interviewing (MI) to improve adherence. Another objective of this study was to compare groups of HCPs with different levels of training in adherence (trained vs untrained; previous training in adherence education [AdhE] vs specific training in MI). METHODS: For this study, a national questionnaire-based survey was conducted among HCPs treating asthma...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449612/residents-responsibilities-adopting-a-wider-view
#18
Ami Schattner
Current ACGME regulations have limited residents' weekly hours and continuous working hours, a marked change, despite its uncertain effects on physician well-being and quality of care. Although residency programs in internal medicine and family medicine have adapted schedules to conform to these regulations, increasing evidence is accumulating to suggest that these training experiences are not adequately preparing the next generation of practicing primary care and hospital-based physicians. Data from an array of sources continue to demonstrate significant deficiencies in six areas of residents' responsibilities towards their patients: diminished patient "face time" and direct patient care; focus on patients' "reason for hospitalization" or "reason for visit" at the expense of possible neglect of patients' "secondary" medical problems; limited attention to patients' emotional or contextual problems and limited empathy; deficient implementation of the essential constituents of patient-centered care; neglect of habitual "reflective practice"; and excessive distinction between inpatient and outpatient responsibilities, leading to missed opportunities for inpatient residents to be aware of and attend to patients' post-discharge course although new information and readmissions related to the index hospitalization are prevalent...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430567/how-should-clinicians-respond-to-medical-requests-from-clinician-family-members-of-patients
#19
Andrew Thurston
In the medical profession, receiving a request for medical management from a colleague is a routine experience. However, when the colleague is a family member of a patient and the desired or requested medical intervention is not medically indicated in the attending physician's view, the situation becomes more complicated. Ethical issues include respect for patient autonomy and social justice as well as nonmaleficence. Furthermore, interpersonal and professional relationships may be tested in this situation...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406102/strong-correlations-between-empathy-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-traits-among-podiatric-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Kurtis Bertram, John Randazzo, Nathaniel Alabi, Jack Levenson, John T Doucette, Peter Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of health-care providers to demonstrate empathy toward their patients results in a number of positive outcomes improving the quality of care. In addition, a provider's level of emotional intelligence (EI) can further the doctor-patient relationship, stimulating a more personalized and comprehensive manner of treating patients. Furthermore, personality traits of a clinician may positively or negatively influence that relationship, as well as clinical outcomes. This study was designed to evaluate empathy levels in podiatric medical students in a 4-year doctoral program...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
keyword
keyword
10405
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"