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Physician empathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906390/empathy-and-burnout-of-emergency-professionals-of-a-health-region-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Oriol Yuguero, Carles Forné, Montserrat Esquerda, Josep Pifarré, María José Abadías, Joan Viñas
The objective of this study is to assess the association between levels of empathy and burnout of emergency professionals in all the assistance levels.A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the health region of Lleida and the Pyrenees with 100 professionals from the field of Urgency. Participation reached 40.8%. Empathy and burnout were measured using the Spanish versions of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) respectively. The total MBI score and its 3 dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) were analyzed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892175/-almost-forgetting-to-care-an-unanticipated-source-of-empathy-loss-in-clerkship
#2
Cheryl L Holmes, Harry Miller, Glenn Regehr
CONTEXT: The erosion of empathy in medical students is well documented. Both the hidden curriculum associated with poor role modelling and a sense of burnout have been proposed as key factors, but the precise mechanisms by which this loss of empathy occurs have not been elaborated. OBJECTIVES: In the context of a course designed to help students manage the hidden curriculum, we collected data that raised questions about current conceptualisations of the aspects of medical training that lead to loss of empathy...
July 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884471/the-complexity-of-empathy-during-medical-school-training-evidence-for-positive-changes
#3
Karen E Smith, Greg J Norman, Jean Decety
CONTEXT: Empathy is an essential aspect of clinical care, associated with improved patient satisfaction, increased adherence to treatment, and fewer malpractice complaints. Previous studies suggest that empathy declines during medical training. However, past research relied on a single narrowly operationalised, self-report measure of empathy. As empathy is a complex socio-emotional construct, it is critical to assess changes across its distinct components using multiple measures in order to better understand how it is influenced by medical training...
September 7, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861707/the-impact-of-a-required-longitudinal-stress-management-and-resilience-training-course-for-first-year-medical-students
#4
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Tait D Shanafelt, Ling Werner, Amit Sood, Daniel Satele, Alexandra P Wolanskyj
BACKGROUND: Although psychological distress is common among medical students, little remains known about effective interventions. One promising individual-focused approach is mindfulness-based stress management interventions; however, studies to date have relied on volunteers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a required longitudinal stress management and resilience course improves well-being among first-year medical students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study...
August 31, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#5
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813524/medical-student-nursing-student-and-non-health-care-respondents-implicit-attitudes-toward-doctors-and-patients-development-and-a-pilot-study-of-a-new-implicit-attitudes-test-iat
#6
Alan Schwartz, Abdelhamid Mazouni
INTRODUCTION: Medical educators have been concerned that medical students may decline in empathy for patients during the course of their training, based on studies measuring clinical empathy using psychometrically strong self-report measures. Clinical empathy is a complex construct, incorporating attitudes toward patients but also other components, such as professional detachment. Triangulation of extant measures with instruments based on nonreactive methods could provide a better understanding of whether and how physician attitudes toward patients may be changing during training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789745/evaluation-of-nurse-empathy-perceived-by-the-standardized-patient-in-simulation-a-french-validation-of-the-jefferson-scale-of-patient-perceptions-of-physician-empathy
#7
Emilie Gosselin, Emilie Paul-Savoie, Stephan Lavoie, Patricia Bourgault
PURPOSE: The aim is to validate a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (F-JSPPPE). METHODS: Twenty-six intensive care nurses took part in a standardized clinical simulation (SCS). For each nurse, a standardized simulated patient completed the F-JSPPPE and three observers filled the French version of the Reynolds Empathy Scale (F-RES). RESULTS: The expert committee concluded that the F-JSPPPE has a good content validity...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768444/a-swedish-version-of-the-consultation-and-relational-empathy-care-measure
#8
K Crosta Ahlforn, E Bojner Horwitz, W Osika
OBJECTIVE: A validated measure to gather patient feedback on physicians' empathy is not available in Swedish. The objective for this study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of a Swedish version of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure (widely used in English). DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: The CARE measure was translated into Swedish and tested on 554 unselected patients visiting physicians in two primary care clinics in northwestern Stockholm, Sweden...
September 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765129/medical-school-selection-criteria-as-predictors-of-medical-student-empathy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-students-ireland
#9
Donnchadh M O'Sullivan, Joseph Moran, Paul Corcoran, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh, Aoife M O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether performance in any of the Health Professions Admissions Test (HPAT) sections, most specifically the interpersonal understanding section, correlates with self-reported empathy levels in medical students. SETTING: The study was conducted in University College Cork, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 290 students participated in the study. Matching HPAT scores were available for 263 students. All male and female undergraduate students were invited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759586/apology-in-cases-of-medical-error-disclosure-thoughts-based-on-a-preliminary-study
#10
Sonia Dahan, Dominique Ducard, Laurence Caeymaex
BACKGROUND: Disclosing medical errors is considered necessary by patients, ethicists, and health care professionals. Literature insists on the framing of this disclosure and describes the apology as appropriate and necessary. However, this policy seems difficult to put into practice. Few works have explored the function and meaning of the apology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the role ascribed to apology in communication between healthcare professionals and patients when disclosing a medical error, and to discuss these findings using a linguistic and philosophical perspective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759092/clinical-preceptors-perceptions-of-empathy-the-empathy-in-osteopathic-training-and-education-emote-study
#11
Glenn Elbert Davis, Walter Carl Hartwig, Adam J McTighe
Context: Physician empathy influences rapport with patients and improves outcomes, but it is not well understood as an outcome of osteopathic medical education. Objective: To determine how clerkship preceptors at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA (TUCOM) in Vallejo define empathy and how they compare observed empathetic behavior of TUCOM students with that of other medical students. Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a survey of TUCOM clinical preceptors comparing TUCOM students with other medical students on 10 behaviors...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749198/empathy-training-in-medical-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
M Wündrich, C Schwartz, B Feige, D Lemper, C Nissen, U Voderholzer
AIM: Empathy is a core element in the doctor-patient relationship. This study examined whether empathy in medical students can be improved by specific training. METHODS: 158 medical students were randomized into two groups. The intervention group participated in an empathy skills training with simulated patients (SPs). The control group participated in a history course. After the intervention, empathy was assessed by blinded SPs and experts in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
July 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743987/empathy-for-others-suffering-and-its-mediators-in-mental-health-professionals
#13
Hernando Santamaría-García, Sandra Baez, Adolfo M García, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Mariano Sigman, Diana Matallana, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Empathy is a complex cognitive and affective process that allows humans to experience concern for others, comprehend their emotions, and eventually help them. In addition to studies with healthy subjects and various neuropsychiatric populations, a few reports have examined this domain focusing on mental health workers, whose daily work requires the development of a saliently empathic character. Building on this research line, the present population-based study aimed to (a) assess different dimensions of empathy for pain in mental health workers relative to general-physicians and non-medical workers; and (b) evaluate their relationship with relevant factors, such as moral profile, age, gender, years of experience, and workplace type...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737455/-difficulties-in-communication-with-parents-of-pediatric-cancer-patients-during-the-transition-to-palliative-care
#14
Judit Nyirő, Péter Hauser, Szilvia Zörgő, Katalin Hegedűs
INTRODUCTION: Adequate communication by medical personnel is especially important at certain points during the treatment of childhood cancer patients. AIM: To investigate the timing and manner of communication with parents concerning the introduction of palliative care in pediatric oncology. METHOD: Structured interviews, containing 14 questions, were carried out with physicians working in pediatric oncology (n = 22). Codes were generated inductively with the aid of Atlas...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725866/patient-perceptions-of-clinician-s-empathy-measurement-and-psychometrics
#15
Mohammadreza Hojat, Jennifer DeSantis, Joseph S Gonnella
The prominence of reciprocal understanding in patient-doctor empathic engagement implies that patient perception of clinician's empathy has an important role in the assessment of the patient-clinician relationship. In response to a need for an assessment tool to measure patient's views of clinician empathy, we developed a brief (5-item) instrument, the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE). This review article reports evidence in support of the validity and reliability of the JSPPPE...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725864/dying-from-cancer-communication-empathy-and-the-clinical-imagination
#16
Larry D Cripe, Richard M Frankel
Medical oncologists and patients with advanced cancer struggle to discuss prognosis, goals, options, and values in a timely fashion. As a consequence, many patients die receiving aggressive treatment potentially inconsistent with their fully informed preferences and experience increased symptom burden and distress. The goals of patient - oncologist communication include exchanging information, building relationship, and engaging in shared decisions. Empathy is perhaps especially essential to effective patient - oncologist communication when the end of life is approaching...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717000/empathy-burnout-and-antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-respiratory-infections-a-cross-sectional-primary-care-study-in-the-us
#17
Bob Z Sun, Alexander Chaitoff, Bo Hu, Kathleen Neuendorf, Mahesh Manne, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: The impact of physician-patient relationship factors, such as physician empathy and burnout, on antibiotic prescribing has not been characterised. AIM: To assess associations between physician empathy and burnout and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of primary care practices in the Cleveland Clinic Health System in the US. METHOD: Patient and prescribing data were obtained from the medical record...
August 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716384/a-review-of-empathy-its-importance-and-its-teaching-in-surgical-training
#18
Jing L Han, Theodore N Pappas
BACKGROUND: There has been much discussion in the medical literature about the importance of empathy and physician communication style in medical practice. Empathy has been shown to have a very real positive effect on patient outcomes. Most of the existing literature speaks to its role in medical education, with relatively little empiric study about empathy in the surgical setting. OBJECTIVE: Review of empathy and its importance as it pertains to the surgeon-patient relationship and improving patient outcomes, and the need for increased education in empathy during surgical training...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716040/the-communication-between-patient-relatives-and-physicians-in-intensive-care-units
#19
Faruk Cicekci, Numan Duran, Bunyamin Ayhan, Sule Arican, Omur Ilban, Iskender Kara, Melda Turkoglu, Fatma Yildirim, Ismail Hasirci, Adnan Karaibrahimoglu, Inci Kara
BACKGROUND: Patients in intensive care units (ICUs) are often physically unable to communicate with their physicians. Thus, the sharing of information about the on-going treatment of the patients in ICUs is directly related to the communication attitudes governing a patient's relatives and the physician. This study aims to analyze the attitudes displayed by the relatives of patients and the physician with the purpose of determining the communication between the two parties. METHODS: For data collection, two similar survey forms were created in context of the study; one for the relatives of the patients and one for the ICU physicians...
July 17, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707632/patients-perceptions-of-argentine-physicians-empathy-based-on-the-jefferson-scale-of-patient-s-perceptions-of-physician-empathy-psychometric-data-and-demographic-differences
#20
Raúl A Borracci, Hernán C Doval, Leonardo Celano, Alejandro Ciancio, Diego Manente, José G E Calderón
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of a modified Spanish version of the Jefferson Scale of Patient's Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE) in Argentine patients and to explore how local demographic characteristics influence patients' perceptions of their physicians' empathy. METHODS: A survey was conducted in March 2013 among 400 Spanish-speaking outpatients attending three different public or private hospitals of Buenos Aires. A principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify the JSPPPE factor structure, and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was employed to evaluate its construct validity...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
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