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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820926/treatment-of-convergence-insufficiency
#1
Marlet G Bazemore, Norman B Medow, Nils Mungan, Leonard B Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820616/psychometrics-of-the-child-ptsd-symptom-scale-for-dsm-5-for-trauma-exposed-children-and-adolescents
#2
Edna B Foa, Anu Asnaani, Yinyin Zang, Sandra Capaldi, Rebecca Yeh
This study evaluated psychometric properties of interview, self-report, and screening versions of the Child PTSD Symptom Scale for DSM-5 (CPSS-5), a measure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for traumatized youth based on DSM-5 criteria. Participants were 64 children and adolescents (51.6% female, 45.3% African American/Black) between 8 and 18 years of age (M = 14.1, SD = 2.5) who had experienced a DSM-5 Criterion A trauma. Participants completed test-retest procedures for the self-report and interviewer versions of the CPSS-5 in 2 visits that were up to 2 weeks apart...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820130/convergence-of-humans-bats-trees-and-culture-in-nipah-virus-transmission-bangladesh
#3
Emily S Gurley, Sonia T Hegde, Kamal Hossain, Hossain M S Sazzad, M Jahangir Hossain, Mahmudur Rahman, M A Yushuf Sharker, Henrik Salje, M Saiful Islam, Jonathan H Epstein, Salah U Khan, A Marm Kilpatrick, Peter Daszak, Stephen P Luby
Preventing emergence of new zoonotic viruses depends on understanding determinants for human risk. Nipah virus (NiV) is a lethal zoonotic pathogen that has spilled over from bats into human populations, with limited person-to-person transmission. We examined ecologic and human behavioral drivers of geographic variation for risk of NiV infection in Bangladesh. We visited 60 villages during 2011-2013 where cases of infection with NiV were identified and 147 control villages. We compared case villages with control villages for most likely drivers for risk of infection, including number of bats, persons, and date palm sap trees, and human date palm sap consumption behavior...
September 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820115/six-key-traits-of-fungi-their-evolutionary-origins-and-genetic-bases
#4
László G Nagy, Renáta Tóth, Enikő Kiss, Jason Slot, Attila Gácser, Gábor M Kovács
The fungal lineage is one of the three large eukaryotic lineages that dominate terrestrial ecosystems. They share a common ancestor with animals in the eukaryotic supergroup Opisthokonta and have a deeper common ancestry with plants, yet several phenotypes, such as morphological, physiological, or nutritional traits, make them unique among all living organisms. This article provides an overview of some of the most important fungal traits, how they evolve, and what major genes and gene families contribute to their development...
July 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820002/applicability-of-the-arabic-version-of-vocal-tract-discomfort-scale-vtds-with-student-singers-as-professional-voice-users
#5
Wesam B Darawsheh, Yaser S Natour, Eve G Sada
AIM: This pilot study aimed to evaluate the internal consistency, convergent construct validity and criterion validity of Arabic version of the Vocal Tract Discomfort Scale (VTDS), and to investigate the correlation between the scores of the VTDS, the VHI and the acoustic measures of fundamental frequency (F0), shimmer, jitter and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study where 97 participants participated (47 males and 50 females) (mean age 20...
August 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819772/convergence-and-determinants-of-health-expenditures-in-oecd-countries
#6
Son Hong Nghiem, Luke Brian Connelly
This study examines the trend and determinants of health expenditures in OECD countries over the 1975-2004 period. Based on recent developments in the economic growth literature we propose and test the hypothesis that health care expenditures in countries of similar economic development level may converge. We hypothesise that the main drivers for growth in health care costs include: aging population, technological progress and health insurance. The results reveal no evidence that health expenditures among OECD countries converge...
August 17, 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819294/seismic-waveform-tomography-with-shot-encoding-using-a-restarted-l-bfgs-algorithm
#7
Ying Rao, Yanghua Wang
In seismic waveform tomography, or full-waveform inversion (FWI), one effective strategy used to reduce the computational cost is shot-encoding, which encodes all shots randomly and sums them into one super shot to significantly reduce the number of wavefield simulations in the inversion. However, this process will induce instability in the iterative inversion regardless of whether it uses a robust limited-memory BFGS (L-BFGS) algorithm. The restarted L-BFGS algorithm proposed here is both stable and efficient...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819272/rapid-peat-accumulation-favours-the-occurrence-of-both-fen-and-bog-microbial-communities-within-a-mediterranean-free-floating-peat-island
#8
Giuseppe Concheri, Piergiorgio Stevanato, Claudio Zaccone, William Shotyk, Valeria D'Orazio, Teodoro Miano, Pietro Piffanelli, Valeria Rizzi, Chiara Ferrandi, Andrea Squartini
The unique environment of a 4m-thick, free-floating peat island within the Posta Fibreno lake (Central Italy) was analyzed using DNA-based techniques to assess bacterial and fungal community members identity and abundance. Two depths were sampled at 41 and 279 cm from the surface, the former corresponding to an emerged portion of Sphagnum residues accumulated less than 30 yrs ago, and the latter mainly consisting of silty peat belonging to the deeply submerged part of the island, dating back to 1520-1660 AD...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819228/convergent-and-divergent-genetic-changes-in-the-genome-of-chinese-and-european-pigs
#9
Jing Wang, Huiying Zou, Lei Chen, Xi Long, Jing Lan, Wenjie Liu, Li Ma, Chao Wang, Xinyu Xu, Liming Ren, Zhenglong Gu, Ning Li, Xiaoxiang Hu, Yaofeng Zhao, Yiqiang Zhao
Since 10,000 BC, continuous human selection has led to intense genetic and phenotypic changes in pig (Sus scrofa) domestication. Through whole genome analysis of 257 individuals, we demonstrated artificial unidirectional and bidirectional selection as the primary force to shape the convergent and divergent changes between Chinese domestic pigs (CHD) and European domestic pigs (EUD). We identified 31 genes in unidirectional selection regions that might be related to fundamental domestication requirements in pigs...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819208/extrinsic-mechanical-forces-mediate-retrograde-axon-extension-in-a-developing-neuronal-circuit
#10
M A Breau, I Bonnet, J Stoufflet, J Xie, S De Castro, S Schneider-Maunoury
To form functional neural circuits, neurons migrate to their final destination and extend axons towards their targets. Whether and how these two processes are coordinated in vivo remains elusive. We use the zebrafish olfactory placode as a system to address the underlying mechanisms. Quantitative live imaging uncovers a choreography of directed cell movements that shapes the placode neuronal cluster: convergence of cells towards the centre of the placodal domain and lateral cell movements away from the brain...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818819/quantifying-human-movement-using-the-movn-smartphone-app-validation-and-field-study
#11
Ralph Maddison, Luke Gemming, Javier Monedero, Linda Bolger, Sarahjane Belton, Johann Issartel, Samantha Marsh, Artur Direito, Madeleine Solenhill, Jinfeng Zhao, Daniel John Exeter, Harshvardhan Vathsangam, Jonathan Charles Rawstorn
BACKGROUND: The use of embedded smartphone sensors offers opportunities to measure physical activity (PA) and human movement. Big data-which includes billions of digital traces-offers scientists a new lens to examine PA in fine-grained detail and allows us to track people's geocoded movement patterns to determine their interaction with the environment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the validity of the Movn smartphone app (Moving Analytics) for collecting PA and human movement data...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818635/linking-the-tao-biomathics-and-information-through-the-logic-of-energy
#12
REVIEW
Joseph E Brenner
The knowledge accumulated in West and East is incomplete in different ways. The mainstream Western approach has contributed the basis for modern science, but indications have appeared in the Western literature that something has been missing in it that Eastern thought could offer. This paper explores the similarities and differences between Eastern and Western approaches to knowledge and whether a trend exists toward their conjunction or convergence. I suggest that a process of conjunction of these different modes of exploration of what the concepts of 'Life and Mind' really entail, at the interface of philosophy and science, is taking place in the areas of information and biomathics...
August 14, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818395/lymphocyte-fate-and-metabolism-a-clonal-balancing-act
#13
REVIEW
Simone A Nish, Wen-Hsuan W Lin, Steven L Reiner
Activated lymphocytes perform a clonal balancing act, yielding a daughter cell that differentiates owing to intense PI3K signaling, alongside a self-renewing sibling cell with blunted anabolic signaling. Divergent cellular anabolism versus catabolism is emerging as a feature of several developmental and regenerative paradigms. Metabolism can dictate cell fate, in part, because lineage-specific regulators are embedded in the circuitry of conserved metabolic switches. Unequal transmission of PI3K signaling during regenerative divisions is reminiscent of compartmentalized PI3K activity during directed motility or polarized information flow in non-dividing cells...
August 14, 2017: Trends in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818056/adaptation-of-chinese-and-english-versions-of-the-ankylosing-spondylitis-quality-of-life-asqol-scale-for-use-in-singapore
#14
Ying Ying Leung, Weixian Lee, Nai Lee Lui, Matthew Rouse, Stephen P McKenna, Julian Thumboo
BACKGROUND: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Singapore Chinese and Singapore English versions of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL) scales. METHODS: Translation of the ASQoL into Singapore Chinese and English was performed by professional and lay translation panels. Field-testing for face and content validity was performed by interviewing ten Chinese speaking and ten English speaking axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) patients. AxSpA patients (either Chinese or English speaking) were invited to take part in validation surveys...
August 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817262/electrical-and-structural-characterization-of-ba3mo1-xnb1-xo8-5-x-2-the-relationship-between-mixed-coordination-polyhedral-distortion-and-the-ionic-conductivity-of-ba3monbo8-5
#15
Sacha Fop, Eve J Wildman, Janet M S Skakle, Clemens Ritter, Abbie C Mclaughlin
The electrical and structural properties of the series Ba3Mo1-xNb1+xO8.5-x/2 (x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) have been determined. Ba3Mo1-xNb1+xO8.5-x/2 crystallizes in a hybrid of the 9R hexagonal perovskite and palmierite structures, in which (Mo/Nb)O4 and (Mo/Nb)O6 units coexist within the structure. Nb substitutes preferentially at the octahedral site so that the ratio of (Mo/Nb)O4 tetrahedra to (Mo/Nb)O6 octahedra decreases with increasing x resulting in a reduction in the magnitude of the ionic conductivity from 1...
August 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816682/rank-k-2-d-multinomial-logistic-regression-for-matrix-data-classification
#16
Kun Song, Feiping Nie, Junwei Han, Xuelong Li
The amount of matrix data has increased rapidly nowadays. How to classify matrix data efficiently is an important issue. In this paper, by discovering the shortages of 2-D linear discriminant analysis and 2-D logistic regression, a novel 2-D framework named rank-k 2-D multinomial logistic regression (2DMLR-RK) is proposed. The 2DMLR-RK is designed for a multiclass matrix classification problem. In the proposed framework, each category is modeled by a left projection matrix and a right projection matrix with rank k...
August 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816680/admm-based-algorithm-for-training-fault-tolerant-rbf-networks-and-selecting-centers
#17
Hao Wang, Ruibin Feng, Zi-Fa Han, Chi-Sing Leung
In the training stage of radial basis function (RBF) networks, we need to select some suitable RBF centers first. However, many existing center selection algorithms were designed for the fault-free situation. This brief develops a fault tolerant algorithm that trains an RBF network and selects the RBF centers simultaneously. We first select all the input vectors from the training set as the RBF centers. Afterward, we define the corresponding fault tolerant objective function. We then add an ℓ₁-norm term into the objective function...
August 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816679/adaptive-unknown-input-estimation-by-sliding-modes-and-differential-neural-network-observer
#18
Ivan Salgado, Isaac Chairez
In this paper, a differential neural network (DNN) implemented as a robust observer estimates the dynamics of perturbed uncertain nonlinear systems affected by exogenous unknown inputs. In the first stage, the identification error converges into a neighborhood around the origin. Then, the second-order sliding mode supertwisting algorithm implemented as a robust exact differentiator reconstructed the unknown inputs. The approach proposed in this paper can be applied in the case of full access to the state vector (identification problem) and in the case of partial access to the state vector (estimation problem)...
August 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816676/a-novel-consistent-random-forest-framework-bernoulli-random-forests
#19
Yisen Wang, Shu-Tao Xia, Qingtao Tang, Jia Wu, Xingquan Zhu
Random forests (RFs) are recognized as one type of ensemble learning method and are effective for the most classification and regression tasks. Despite their impressive empirical performance, the theory of RFs has yet been fully proved. Several theoretically guaranteed RF variants have been presented, but their poor practical performance has been criticized. In this paper, a novel RF framework is proposed, named Bernoulli RFs (BRFs), with the aim of solving the RF dilemma between theoretical consistency and empirical performance...
August 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816483/effect-of-travel-speed-on-the-visual-control-of-steering-toward-a-goal
#20
Rongrong Chen, Diederick C Niehorster, Li Li
Previous studies have proposed that people can use visual cues such as the instantaneous direction (i.e., heading) or future path trajectory of travel specified by optic flow or target visual direction in egocentric space to steer or walk toward a goal. In the current study, we examined what visual cues people use to guide their goal-oriented locomotion and whether their reliance on such visual cues changes as travel speed increases. We presented participants with optic flow displays that simulated their self-motion toward a target at various travel speeds under two viewing conditions in which we made target egocentric direction available or unavailable for steering...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
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