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How to do a journal club

Teun Teunis, Stein Janssen, Thierry G Guitton, David Ring, Robert Parisien
BACKGROUND: Much of the decision-making in orthopaedics rests on uncertain evidence. Uncertainty is therefore part of our normal daily practice, and yet physician uncertainty regarding treatment could diminish patients' health. It is not known if physician uncertainty is a function of the evidence alone or if other factors are involved. With added experience, uncertainty could be expected to diminish, but perhaps more influential are things like physician confidence, belief in the veracity of what is published, and even one's religious beliefs...
June 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Kerrie Noonan
: A recent article in the BMJ highlighted the role of social media has in changing the way we talk about and respond to death and dying. There are so many social media channels do you know which ones are best for communicating about your work? for networking with peers? participating in journal clubs? disseminating research with the international community? What about your local community- how do you increase engagement online to promote your work and events? How can you use social media to source and access interesting content and information about the public health approach? This workshop is designed as a beginner level and new user workshop and is suitable for anyone wanting to be more active in social media...
April 2015: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
B Wansink, K A Johnson
Many eating studies in psychology, consumer behavior and marketing journals are dismissed, because they focus on how much one serves and not how much is eaten. We develop a means of estimating the percentage of self-served food that is consumed under various conditions. An aggregate analysis was conducted of studies where participants served themselves food and where actual intake was measured. Analyses explored what percentage of food was consumed depending on population, food and situational cues and generally showed that adults consistently consume the vast majority (91...
February 2015: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Gurvinder S Kalra
Kissed (1996) is a serious film that portrays the disturbing and taboo issue of necrophilia in a delicate and viewer friendly way. Being a rare paraphilia, it may sometimes be difficult to get necrophilia related literature or even understand this complex behavior. An interested person may have to rely on the few case reports from forensic journals or law books in order to understand what and how necrophiles do what they do! A movie club can be an interesting and novel way to learn various issues in medicine and psychiatry, including necrophilia...
April 2013: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Janine Margarita Roy Dizon, Karen Anne Grimmer-Somers, Saravana Kumar
INTRODUCTION: It is essential that allied health practice decisions are underpinned by the best available evidence. Therefore, effective training needs to be provided for allied health professionals to do this. However, little is known about how evidence-based practice training programs for allied health professionals are delivered, the elements contained within them, how learning outcomes are measured or the effectiveness of training components in improving learning outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review to identify effectiveness of evidence-based practice training programs and their components for allied health professionals...
December 2012: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Elaine Uppal, Ashley Hall, Sarah Halliwell, Jessica Hughes, Angela Kelly, Claire Molloy, Joanne Pinnington, Katie Ramsey, Hannah Tinsley
The purpose of this article is to explore students' experiences of variations in practice and how this impacts on their learning. This is particularly pertinent in terms of reconfiguration of services instigated by the Department of Health's (DH) Making it better agenda (DH 2007), meaning that many qualified staff are moving hospitals and also experiencing changes in practice. Students are thus being mentored by a range of mentors in a variety of settings, which can often mean that practice can be perceived as inconsistent and even idiosyncratic (Jones et al 2005)...
September 2012: Practising Midwife
Michael L Richardson, Jonelle M Petscavage, John C Hunter, Catherine C Roberts, Thomas P Martin
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: At the authors' institutions, faculty members and trainees work at multiple sites scattered miles apart, making it difficult to physically attend weekly teaching conferences. As a possible solution, a weekly online musculoskeletal teaching conference was undertaken. This quickly grew to include multiple other sites around North America. The authors share their experiences to assist other radiologists in organizing similar educational conferences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The conferences are run using the Citrix GoToMeeting online meeting system...
June 2012: Academic Radiology
Kimberly A Vogel
Students in allied health educational programs learn evidence-based practice (EBP) skills, yet often do not consistently utilize these skills as practitioners. Barriers to implementing EBP include time pressures and lack of skill. This descriptive study explains how librarians can teach information literacy skills and strengthen knowledge of EBP in graduate occupational therapy (OT) students. The goal of the study was to evaluate students' perception of the effectiveness of learning activities about EBP, and librarians' perception of the value of teaching in an OT curriculum...
2012: Journal of Allied Health
Kimberly Kenton, Linda Brubaker
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine how obstetrics and gynecology residency programs are teaching residents about research. STUDY DESIGN: Obstetrics and gynecology program directors in the United States and Canada completed a 15-question survey about their current research education programs, their perception of the most important components of resident research education, and how well prepared graduating residents were for a variety of research-related activities...
November 2007: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kaveh G Shojania, Margaret Sampson, Mohammed T Ansari, Jun Ji, Steve Doucette, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews are often advocated as the best source of evidence to guide clinical decisions and health care policy, yet we know little about the extent to which they require updating. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the average time to changes in evidence that are sufficiently important to warrant updating systematic reviews. DESIGN: Survival analysis of 100 quantitative systematic reviews. SAMPLE: Systematic reviews published from 1995 to 2005 and indexed in ACP Journal Club...
August 21, 2007: Annals of Internal Medicine
Kathleen Ann McKibbon, Nancy L Wilczynski, Robert Brian Haynes
BACKGROUND: We conducted this analysis to determine i) which journals publish high-quality, clinically relevant studies in internal medicine, general/family practice, general practice nursing, and mental health; and ii) the proportion of clinically relevant articles in each journal. METHODS: We performed an analytic survey of a hand search of 170 general medicine, general healthcare, and specialty journals for 2000. Research staff assessed individual articles by using explicit criteria for scientific merit for healthcare application...
September 6, 2004: BMC Medicine
David T Burke, Melissa C DeVito, Jeffrey C Schneider, Sam Julien, Andrew L Judelson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the focus and extent of the resident physician reading habits, to compare how these change over the years of their training, and to compare these habits with those of physiatrists in practice. DESIGN: A total of 1,076 surveys were sent to 80 physical medicine and rehabilitation residency programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The questionnaire contained a list of 36 journals pertinent to the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation...
July 2004: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
R Karina, S Nooriah
Critical appraisal refers to the skill of reading a piece of research in a very objective and structured way. It allows for the reader to assess the quality and validity of the evidence put forward. With the emphasis on evidence-based practice in the medical profession, the ability to critically appraise the literature should be instilled into medical students. Currently, the push to encourage research shows great effort in the medical curriculum, through the incorporation of elective research programmes, by many medical institutions...
December 2002: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Suzanne M Burns
Clinical research remains a desired goal of the profession. Unfortunately, the methods we have traditionally used to spark the interest and commitment of clinicians have not been universally accepted or successful in attaining our goal. Although nothing is inherently wrong with journal club meetings, research forums, and partnering with academicians, these methods of inspiring research rarely do so. Partially, that failure is because a leader, perhaps a cheerleader, is needed, someone who is willing to teach, support, coach, and call to task the clinicians who wish to "do" clinical research...
April 2002: Critical Care Nurse
Do you feel scientifically isolated? Do you find yourself sitting on the side-line while others take the field by the nose and lead it? Are you unable to publish a model that summarizes your data and ideas because reviewers label it as being too speculative and unsupported? Can't get those experiments published in any regular journal? Do you find that nobody is citing your papers? Haven't published in your field for some time, but want to show that you are still a player? Well, no need to worry! There is a special category of publication for you, 'the invited review', and even specialized journals, the 'review journals', that cater to every part of your neurosis...
2000: Journal of Cell Science
D R Seals, H Tanaka
The ability to contribute consistent, fundamentally sound critiques is an essential element of the scientific peer review process and an important professional skill for investigators. Despite its importance, many students and junior scientists do not have an adequate working knowledge of how to effectively critique research manuscripts. Part of the problem, in our view, is that novice referees often lack a comprehensive understanding of the basic issues that should be considered in evaluating scientific articles...
June 2000: Advances in Physiology Education
E A Moberg-Wolff, J B Kosasih
Journal clubs can play an integral part in graduate medical education. They promote critical thinking, dissemination of information, and research and impact clinical practice. Little has been written, however, about how to organize a journal club or improve its efficacy. Although numerous articles discuss how journal clubs can be used to evaluate medical literature, only a few have examined what physicians are actually doing. We surveyed all accredited PM&R program chief/residents to ascertain the prevalence, format, and efficacy of PM&R residency journal clubs...
May 1995: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
K T Kirchhoff, S L Beck
Although journal clubs are recommended for research utilization, the various ways in which journal clubs are conducted do not always lead to research utilization. Major institutional changes in practice must be preceded by a comprehensive literature search and a complete review. An example is provided of how a series of journal clubs using the comprehensive search approach led to research utilization.
May 1995: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
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