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Medical empathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765573/the-relationship-between-emotional-intelligence-with-administrators-performance-at-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences
#2
Tooraj Sadeghi, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Habibolah Taghizade Moghaddam, Mohammad Jafari Ghodsi, Rasoul Hoseini
Background: The leadership of an organization requires specific features to adapt to changes and to survive and grow in new environments, and emotional intelligence is one of the most important attributes that can help leaders and managers respond to these changes. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence with administrators' performance at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 basic and middle managers of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran who were selected by census method in 2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762797/contrasting-incoming-medical-students-attitudes-dual-degree-vs-traditional-tracks
#3
Kristina A Monteiro, Karl Dietrich, Jeffrey Borkan, Luba Dumenco, Allan R Tunkel, Richard Dollase, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (AMS) recently implemented a novel dual degree MD-ScM program in primary care and population medicine (PC-PM) that enrolls up to 24 of its nearly 144 yearly matriculants. The overarching goal of this track is to train medical students to become physician leaders who focus on issues in population medicine within primary care. METHODS: We conducted a baseline assessment of the students enrolled in this parallel track in comparison to our traditional students to identify characteristics of and group differences between students in the PC-PM program and traditional students...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752249/virtual-antenatal-encounter-and-standardized-simulation-assessment-vanessa-pilot-study
#4
Patrick Motz, Megan Gray, Taylor Sawyer, Jennifer Kett, Douglas Danforth, Kellen Maicher, Rachel Umoren
BACKGROUND: Prenatal counseling at the limits of newborn viability involves sensitive interactions between neonatal providers and families. Empathetic discussions are currently learned through practice in times of high stress. Decision aids may help improve provider communication but have not been universally adopted. Virtual standardized patients are increasingly recognized as a modality for education, but prenatal counseling simulations have not been described. To be valuable as a tool, a virtual patient would need to accurately portray emotions and elicit a realistic response from the provider...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#5
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747767/-the-announcement-of-the-diagnosis-of-trisomy-21
#6
Marie Vincienne, Camille Deput-Rampon
The announcement of trisomy 21 in a child, either in the prenatal or postnatal period, is a difficult moment for the parents as well as for the caregivers. The latter must be skilled in the general principles of communication and be able to adapt to each specific situation while providing the necessary medical care, support and empathy.
May 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731450/are-alexithymia-and-empathy-predicting-factors-of-the-resilience-of-medical-residents-in-france
#7
Audrey Morice-Ramat, Lionel Goronflot, Gilles Guihard
Objectives: To explore resilience, resilience predicting factors and resilience distribution in French medical residents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which general practice residents (n = 380) were asked to answer the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale. One hundred thirty-seven (137) responses were collected. The scores of the different scales have been calculated. The score differences were examined using the Student's t-test or analysis of variance...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724213/the-ability-of-non-cognitive-traits-to-predict-undergraduate-performance-in-medical-schools-a-national-linkage-study
#8
Gabrielle M Finn, Lazaro Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: In addition to the evaluation of educational attainment and intellectual ability there has been interest in the potential to select medical school applicants on non-academic qualities. Consequently, a battery of self-report measures concerned with assessing 'non-cognitive' traits was piloted as part of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) administration to evaluate their potential to be used in selection. METHODS: The four non-cognitive instruments piloted were: 1) the Libertarian-communitarian scale, (2) The NACE (narcissism, aloofness, confidence and empathy, (3) the MEARS (Managing emotions and resilience scale; self-esteem, optimism, control, self-discipline, emotional-nondefensiveness and faking, and (4) an abridged version of instruments (1) and (2) combined...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710268/insights-on-the-nationwide-project-in-osteopathic-medical-education-and-empathy-pomee
#9
Bruce W Newton
Initial data from the first phase of a nationwide study of cognitive empathy, the Project in Osteopathic Medical Education and Empathy (POMEE), have been gathered. At the beginning of their first year of medical school, more than 6000 osteopathic medical students filled out the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. The POMEE principal investigator and co-investigators-Mohammadreza Hojat, PhD; Leonard H. Calabrese, DO; and Stephen C. Shannon, DO-responded to a series of questions posed by the author pertaining to the importance of POMEE and the impact the findings will have on educating osteopathic medical students...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704195/a-four-week-reflective-writing-program-in-the-psychiatry-clerkship-testing-effects-on-reflective-capacity
#10
Charles A Whitmore, Joseph Sakai, Susan K Mikulich-Gilbertson, Robert D Davies
OBJECTIVE: Reflective capacity is the ability to review and reconstruct the importance, emotional impact, and outcomes of an experience to give it added meaning and context. In medicine, greater reflective capacity is associated with greater empathy and diagnostic accuracy. This project implemented a four-week reflective writing curriculum for third-year medical students during their psychiatric clerkship. METHODS: A single class of medical students participated in a pilot reflective writing program during their four-week Psychiatry Care Block...
April 27, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694523/-almas-delirantes-1925-by-lu%C3%A3-s-cebola-the-poetics-of-the-human-psyche-and-the-physician-as-mediator-between-the-universe-of-mental-illness-and-society
#11
Denise Pereira
Lúis Cebola's 1925 work Almas delirantes [Delusional Souls] presented various psychopathologies through metaphorical and lyrical portraits rather than from a medical/ scientific point of view, showing that he perceived his patients as more than objects of scientific study in a process of identification, empathy, and compassion. Cebola defined psychopathological states according to contrast with normality, but stressed that these diseases could arise in any individual, and the book simultaneously acted as a warning to readers...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692437/using-a-polypharmacy-simulation-exercise-to-increase-empathy-in-pharmacy-students
#12
Amie Taggart Blaszczyk, Rebecca J Mahan, Jamie McCarrell, Rebecca B Sleeper
Objective. To assess whether the Jellybean Polypharmacy Simulation Exercise (JPSE) improved empathy in pharmacy students. Methods. The JPSE was given to all third-professional year pharmacy students in a required Special Populations course with pre- and post-scores on the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale (KCES) assessed, and open-ended questions on lessons learned from the exercise. Results. Pharmacy students showed a statistically significant increase in KCES scores after completing the JPSE. Open-ended question responses reflected personal growth and appreciation for patients managing difficult medication regimens...
April 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690631/pediatric-integrative-medicine-in-residency-program-relationship-between-lifestyle-behaviors-and-burnout-and-wellbeing-measures-in-first-year-residents
#13
Hilary McClafferty, Audrey J Brooks, Mei-Kuang Chen, Michelle Brenner, Melanie Brown, Anna Esparham, Dana Gerstbacher, Brenda Golianu, John Mark, Joy Weydert, Ann Ming Yeh, Victoria Maizes
It is widely recognized that burnout is prevalent in medical culture and begins early in training. Studies show pediatricians and pediatric trainees experience burnout rates comparable to other specialties. Newly developed Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in professionalism and personal development recognize the unacceptably high resident burnout rates and present an important opportunity for programs to improve residents experience throughout training. These competencies encourage healthy lifestyle practices and cultivation of self-awareness, self-regulation, empathy, mindfulness, and compassion&mdash;a paradigm shift from traditional medical training underpinned by a culture of unrealistic endurance and self-sacrifice...
April 23, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684647/using-conversation-analytic-methods-to-assess-fidelity-to-a-talk-based-healthcare-intervention-for-frequently-attending-patients
#14
Rebecca K Barnes, Marcus Jepson, Clare Thomas, Sue Jackson, Chris Metcalfe, David Kessler, Helen Cramer
The study aim was to assess implementation fidelity (i.e., adherence) to a talk-based primary care intervention using Conversation Analytic (CA) methods. The context was a UK feasibility trial where General Practitioners (GPs) were trained to use "BATHE" (Background,Affect,Trouble,Handling,Empathy) - a technique to screen for psychosocial issues during consultations - with frequently attending patients. 35 GPs received BATHE training between July-October 2015. 15 GPs across six practices self-selected to record a sample of their consultations with study patients at three and six months...
April 11, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684180/benchmarking-the-physical-therapist-academic-environment-to-understand-the-student-experience
#15
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Kelly J Sass, Marcie Becker
Background: Identifying excellence in physical therapist academic environments is complicated by the lack of nationally available benchmarking data. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare a physical therapist academic environment to another health care profession (medicine) academic environment using the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) survey. Design: The design consisted of longitudinal benchmarking...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683011/can-communication-skills-training-improve-empathy-a-six-year-longitudinal-study-of-medical-students-in-japan
#16
Hitomi Kataoka, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Sabina Mahmood, Masaru Sato, Jennifer DeSantis, Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important component of overall clinical competence; thus, enhancing empathy in medical education is essential for quality patient care. AIM: This longitudinal study was designed to address the following questions: 1. Can a targeted educational program in communication skills training enhance empathy in medical students? and 2. Can such a program have a sustained effect? METHODS: Study participants included 116 students who entered Okayama University Medical School in 2011...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673324/gabriel-richet-when-medicine-combines-with-courage
#17
EDITORIAL
Pierre Ronco
Gabriel Richet, one of the fathers of the French and international Nephrology, was a man remarkable for his courage, vision and empathy. He was proud and brave, and he presented himself proud of being brave. He opens his interview speaking about his youth, when he was injured, and went back to the fight. He cites the number of stitches he received, but doesn't cite being decorated with the Légion d'Honneur, one of the highest honours of the French Republic. This anecdote perfectly illustrates his elegance and detachment from awards and self-satisfaction...
April 19, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671134/communication-skills-training-and-the-conceptual-structure-of-empathy-among-medical-students
#18
Daisuke Son, Ikuo Shimizu, Hirono Ishikawa, Muneyoshi Aomatsu, Jimmie Leppink
INTRODUCTION: Medical and healthcare professionals' empathy for patients is crucially important for patient care. Some studies have suggested that a significant decline in empathy occurs during clinical training years in medical school as documented by self-assessed empathy scales. Moreover, a recent study provided qualitative evidence that communication skills training in an examination context, such as in an objective structured clinical examination, might stimulate perspective taking but inhibit the development of compassionate care...
April 18, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667311/how-japanese-nurses-participate-in-decision-making-infants-with-congenital-life-threatening-conditions
#19
Sohei Shitaya, Nobue Nakamura, Naho Sato
BACKGROUND: In Japan, owing to the progress in medical technology, more children with congenital life-threatening conditions survive than ever before. Nurses who care for these children may also influence decision making in difficult situations. AIM: We aimed to describe Japanese nurses' approach toward medical decision making when caring for families of infants with congenital life-threatening conditions. Frequently, these nurses must care for and support parents with ambivalent feelings...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#20
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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