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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345499/disrupted-behaviour-in-grammatical-morphology-in-french-speakers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#1
Marie-Thérèse Le Normand, Romuald Blanc, Simona Caldani, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault
Mixed and inconsistent findings have been reported across languages concerning grammatical morphology in speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Some researchers argue for a selective sparing of grammar whereas others claim to have identified grammatical deficits. The present study aimed to investigate this issue in 26 participants with ASD speaking European French who were matched on age, gender and SES to 26 participants with typical development (TD). The groups were compared regarding their productivity and accuracy of syntactic and agreement categories using the French MOR part-of-speech tagger available from the CHILDES...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342056/-product-versus-process-measures-in-assessing-speech-recognition-outcomes-in-adults-with-cochlear-implants
#2
Aaron C Moberly, Irina Castellanos, Kara J Vasil, Oliver F Adunka, David B Pisoni
HYPOTHESES: 1) When controlling for age in postlingual adult cochlear implant (CI) users, information-processing functions, as assessed using "process" measures of working memory capacity, inhibitory control, information-processing speed, and fluid reasoning, will predict traditional "product" outcome measures of speech recognition. 2) Demographic/audiologic factors, particularly duration of deafness, duration of CI use, degree of residual hearing, and socioeconomic status, will impact performance on underlying information-processing functions, as assessed using process measures...
January 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341346/a-systematic-review-and-classification-of-interventions-for-speech-sound-disorder-in-preschool-children
#3
REVIEW
Yvonne Wren, Sam Harding, Juliet Goldbart, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Multiple nterventions have been developed to address speech sound disorder (SSD) in children. Many of these have been evaluated but the evidence for these has not been considered within a model which categorizes types of intervention. The opportunity to carry out a systematic of interventions for SSD arose as part of a larger scale study of interventions for primary speech and language impairment in preschool children. AIMS: To review systematically the evidence for interventions for SSD in preschool children and to categorize them within a classification of interventions for SSD...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339931/assessment-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-information-literacy-instruction-for-rehabilitation-sciences-students-a-scoping-review
#4
Jill T Boruff, Pamela Harrison
Objective: This scoping review investigates how knowledge and skills are assessed in the information literacy (IL) instruction for students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech-language pathology, regardless of whether the instruction was given by a librarian. The objectives were to discover what assessment measures were used, determine whether these assessment methods were tested for reliability and validity, and provide librarians with guidance on assessment methods to use in their instruction in evidence-based practice contexts...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337762/tinnitus-and-auditory-perception-after-a-history-of-noise-exposure-relationship-to-auditory-brainstem-response-measures
#5
Naomi F Bramhall, Dawn Konrad-Martin, Garnett P McMillan
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether auditory brainstem response (ABR) wave I amplitude is associated with measures of auditory perception in young people with normal distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) and varying levels of noise exposure history. DESIGN: Tinnitus, loudness tolerance, and speech perception ability were measured in 31 young military Veterans and 43 non-Veterans (19 to 35 years of age) with normal pure-tone thresholds and DPOAEs. Speech perception was evaluated in quiet using Northwestern University Auditory Test (NU-6) word lists and in background noise using the words in noise (WIN) test...
January 15, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#6
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327796/speech-characteristics-in-the-congenital-and-childhood-onset-forms-of-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#7
Lotta Sjögreen, Åsa Mårtensson, Anne-Berit Ekström
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a slowly progressive multi-systemic disease with an autosomal-dominant inheritance caused by a mutation on chromosome 19 (19q13.3). AIMS: To explore speech characteristics in a group of individuals with the congenital and childhood-onset forms of DM1 in terms of intelligibility, speech-sound production, nasality and compensatory articulation. A further aim was to analyse whether speech characteristics were correlated to subforms of DM1 and if speech outcome could be related to muscle strength...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326024/aerodynamic-characteristics-of-syllable-and-sentence-productions-in-normal-speakers
#8
Cedric Thiel, Jin Yang, Brianna Crawley, Priya Krishna, Thomas Murry
BACKGROUND: Aerodynamic measures of subglottic air pressure (Ps) and airflow rate (AFR) are used to select behavioral voice therapy versus surgical treatment for voice disorders. However, these measures are usually taken during a series of syllables, which differs from conversational speech. Repeated syllables do not share the variation found in even simple sentences, and patients may use their best rather than typical voice unless specifically instructed otherwise. This study examined the potential differences in estimated Ps and AFR in syllable and sentence production and their effects on a measure of vocal efficiency in normal speakers...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322822/assessment-of-aided-language-comprehension-and-use-in-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-speech-and-motor-impairments
#9
Beata Batorowicz, Kristine Stadskleiv, Gregor Renner, Annika Dahlgren Sandberg, Stephen von Tetzchner
There is limited knowledge about aided language comprehension and use in children who use aided communication and who are considered to have a relatively good comprehension of spoken language. This study's purpose was to assess their aided language skills. The participants were 96 children and adolescents who used communication aids (aided group) and 73 children and adolescents with natural speech (reference group), aged 5 to 15 years. All of the participants who used aided communication were regarded by their teachers or professionals as having age-appropriate language comprehension...
January 11, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317325/motor-cortex-compensates-for-lack-of-sensory-and-motor-experience-during-auditory-speech-perception
#10
Judith Schmitz, Eleonora Bartoli, Laura Maffongelli, Luciano Fadiga, Nuria Sebastian-Galles, Alessandro D'Ausilio
Listening to speech has been shown to activate motor regions, as measured by corticobulbar excitability. In this experiment, we explored if motor regions are also recruited during listening to non-native speech, for which we lack both sensory and motor experience. By administering Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) over the left motor cortex we recorded corticobulbar excitability of the lip muscles when Italian participants listened to native-like and non-native German vowels. Results showed that lip corticobulbar excitability increased for a combination of lip use during articulation and non-nativeness of the vowels...
January 6, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316878/editorial-speech-production-in-persons-with-dementia
#11
EDITORIAL
Juan Jose Garcia Meilan, Francisco Martinez-Sanchez, Olga Ivanova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316338/efficacy-of-automatic-bolus-calculator-with-automatic-speech-recognition-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#12
Piotr Foltynski, Piotr Ladyzynski, Ewa Pankowska, Karolina Mazurczak
BACKGROUND: Patients using an insulin pump as part of their diabetes treatment need to calculate insulin bolus to compensate for a meal. Some patients do not modify their meal boluses according to the changing amount and composition of food products in a meal. The lack of correct meal boluses leads to unstable, and therefore harmful blood glucose levels. The aim of the current study was to test the system supporting bolus determination based on the voice description of a meal. METHODS: The developed bolus calculator consists of the smartphone application and three remote servers for automatic speech recognition, text analysis, and insulin dosage calculation...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306068/the-speech-perception-skills-of-children-with-and-without-speech-sound-disorder
#13
Stephanie Hearnshaw, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro
PURPOSE: To investigate whether Australian-English speaking children with and without speech sound disorder (SSD) differ in their overall speech perception accuracy. Additionally, to investigate differences in the perception of specific phonemes and the association between speech perception and speech production skills. METHOD: Twenty-five Australian-English speaking children aged 48-60 months participated in this study. The SSD group included 12 children and the typically developing (TD) group included 13 children...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305911/tms-uncovers-details-about-sub-regional-language-specific-processing-networks-in-early-bilinguals
#14
Sini Hämäläinen, Niko Mäkelä, Viljami Sairanen, Minna Lehtonen, Teija Kujala, Alina Leminen
Despite numerous functional neuroimaging and intraoperative electrical cortical mapping studies aimed at investigating the cortical organisation of native (L1) and second (L2) language processing, the neural underpinnings of bilingualism remain elusive. We investigated whether the neural network engaged in speech production over the bilateral posterior inferior frontal gyrus (pIFG) is the same (i.e., shared) or different (i.e., language-specific) for the two languages of bilingual speakers. Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied over the left and right posterior inferior gyrus (pIFG), while early simultaneous bilinguals performed a picture naming task with their native languages...
January 3, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305747/do-children-understand-iconic-gestures-about-events-as-early-as-iconic-gestures-about-entities
#15
Melissa L Glasser, Rebecca A Williamson, Şeyda Özçalışkan
Children can understand iconic co-speech gestures that characterize entities by age 3 (Stanfield et al. in J Child Lang 40(2):1-10, 2014; e.g., "I'm drinking" [Formula: see text] tilting hand in C-shape to mouth as if holding a glass). In this study, we ask whether children understand co-speech gestures that characterize events as early as they do so for entities, and if so, whether their understanding is influenced by the patterns of gesture production in their native language. We examined this question by studying native English speaking 3- to 4 year-old children and adults as they completed an iconic co-speech gesture comprehension task involving motion events across two studies...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299779/an-analysis-of-speech-disfluencies-of-turkish-speakers-based-on-age-variable
#16
Ayşe Altıparmak, Gülmira Kuruoğlu
The focus of this research is to verify the influence of the age variable on fluent Turkish native speakers' production of the various types of speech disfluencies. To accomplish this, four groups of native speakers of Turkish between ages 4-8, 18-23, 33-50 years respectively and those over 50-year-olds were constructed. A total of 84 participants took part in this study. Prepared and unprepared speech samples of at least 300 words were collected from each participant via face-to-face interviews that were tape recorded and transcribed; for practical reasons, only the unprepared speech samples were collected from children...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289753/babbling-development-as-seen-in-canonical-babbling-ratios-a-naturalistic-evaluation-of-all-day-recordings
#17
Chia-Cheng Lee, Yuna Jhang, George Relyea, Li-Mei Chen, D Kimbrough Oller
Canonical babbling (CB) is critical in forming foundations for speech. Research has shown that the emergence of CB precedes first words, predicts language outcomes, and is delayed in infants with several communicative disorders. We seek a naturalistic portrayal of CB development, using all-day home recordings to evaluate the influences of age, language, and social circumstances on infant CB production. Thus we address the nature of very early language foundations and how they can be modulated. This is the first study to evaluate possible interactions of language and social circumstance in the development of babbling...
December 28, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287204/toddlers-comprehension-of-adult-and-child-talkers-adult-targets-versus-vocal-tract-similarity
#18
Angela Cooper, Natalie Fecher, Elizabeth K Johnson
How do children represent words? If lexical representations are based on encoding the indexical characteristics of frequently-heard speakers, this predicts that speakers like a child's own mother should be best understood. Alternatively, if they are based on the child's own motor productions, this predicts an own-voice advantage in word recognition. Here, we address this question by presenting 2.5-year-olds with recordings of their own voice, another child's voice, their own mother's voice, and another mother's voice in a child-friendly eye-tracking procedure...
December 26, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282474/tutorial-assessment-and-analysis-of-polysyllables-in-young-children
#19
Sarah Masso, Sharynne McLeod, Elise Baker
Purpose: Polysyllables, words of 3 or more syllables, represent almost 30% of words used in American English. The purpose of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') assessment and analysis of polysyllables, extending the focus of published assessment tools that focus on sampling and analyzing children's segmental accuracy and/or the presence of phonological error patterns. Method: This tutorial will guide SLPs through a review of 53 research papers that have explored the use of polysyllables in assessment, including the sampling and analysis procedures used in different research studies...
December 27, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281420/procedural-discourse-performance-in-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-at-3-and-6-months-post-injury
#20
Elin Stubbs, Leanne Togher, Belinda Kenny, Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Brian MacWhinney, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Lyn Turkstra, Emma Power
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on communicative recovery during the early stages after a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In the current study 43 people with severe TBI described a simple procedure at 3 and 6 months post injury and this was compared to the description provided by 37 healthy speakers. Linguistic productivity and the presence of macrostructural discourse elements were analysed. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: No change occurred in productivity in the TBI group between the two time points...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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