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Marshall E Kadin, Anand Deva, Haiying Xu, John Morgan, Pranay Khare, Roderick A F MacLeod, Bruce W Van Natta, William P Adams, Garry S Brody, Alan L Epstein
Almost 200 women worldwide have been diagnosed with breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL). The unique location and specific lymphoma type strongly suggest an etio-pathologic link between breast implants and BIA-ALCL. It is postulated that chronic inflammation via bacterial infection may be an etiological factor. BIA-ALCL resembles primary cutaneous ALCL (pcALCL) in morphology, activated T-cell phenotype, and indolent clinical course. Gene expression array analysis, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry were used to study pcALCL and BIA-ALCL cell lines...
July 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
M Orciani, G Sorgentoni, M Torresetti, Roberto Di Primio, G Di Benedetto
Possible association between anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) and breast implants has been suggested. In this context, formation of the periprosthetic capsule has been reported as a cause of inflammation, which plays a key role in tumor onset. Tumors take advantage of inflammation to influence and interfere with the host immune response by secreting multiple factors, and their onset and survival is in turn affected by the paracrine effects from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In this study, we tried to clarify how inflammation can modify the immunobiology and the exerted paracrine effect of MSCs...
February 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Honghua Hu, Khalid Johani, Ahmad Almatroudi, Karen Vickery, Bruce Van Natta, Marshall E Kadin, Garry Brody, Mark Clemens, Chan Yoon Cheah, Stephen Lade, Preeti Avinash Joshi, H Miles Prince, Anand K Deva
BACKGROUND: A recent association between breast implants and the development of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) has been observed. The purpose of this study was to identify whether bacterial biofilm is present in breast implant-associated ALCL and, if so, to compare the bacterial microbiome to nontumor capsule samples from breast implants with contracture. METHODS: Twenty-six breast implant-associated ALCL samples were analyzed for the presence of biofilm by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, next-generation sequencing, fluorescent in situ hybridization, and scanning electron microscopy, and compared to 62 nontumor capsule specimens...
June 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Reem Dina Jarjis, Steen Henrik Matzen
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare entity. Due to the lack of awareness of BIA-ALCL, patients with prior history of breast implants who present with non-specific implant-related complications might experience a delay in diagnosis and appropriate treatment of this distinct condition. There are still no evidence-based guidelines on how this condition should be diagnosed, treated or followed because of the rarity of available data. We review current literature in order to raise awareness and discuss management options of this unique clinical entity...
November 23, 2015: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Benjamin Kim, Zachary S Predmore, Soeren Mattke, Kristin van Busum, Courtney A Gidengil
BACKGROUND: Despite increased cases published on breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL), important clinical issues remain unanswered. We conducted a second structured expert consultation process to rate statements related to the diagnosis, management, and surveillance of this disease, based on their interpretation of published evidence. METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel of 12 experts was selected based on nominations from national specialty societies, academic department heads, and recognized researchers in the United States...
January 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Beatriz E Adrada, Roberto N Miranda, Gaiane Margishvili Rauch, Elsa Arribas, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, Mark W Clemens, Michelle Fanale, Nisreen Haideri, Eid Mustafa, John Larrinaga, Neal R Reisman, Jesse Jaso, M James You, Ken H Young, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Wei Yang
UNLABELLED: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA ALCL) is a newly described clinicopathologic entity. The purpose of this study is to describe the imaging findings of patients with BIA ALCL and determine their sensitivity and specificity in the detection of the presence of an effusion or a mass related to BIA ALCL. A retrospective search was performed of our files as well as of the world literature for patients with pathologically proven BIA ALCL who had been assessed by any imaging study including ultrasound (US), computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, as well as mammography...
August 2014: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Eva V George, John Pharm, Courtney Houston, Semar Al-Quran, Grey Brian, Huijia Dong, Wang Hai, Westley Reeves, Li-Jun Yang
Breast implant associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a recently recognized clinical entity, with only 39 well-documented cases reported worldwide, including 3 fatalities. Because of its rarity, the clinical and pathologic features of this malignancy have yet to be fully defined. Moreover, the pathogenesis of ALCL in association with textured silicone gel breast implants is poorly understood. Here we report a case of BIA-ALCL arising in a 67-year-old woman with a mastectomy due to breast cancer followed by implantation of textured silicone gel breast prosthesis...
2013: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Philip A Thompson, H Miles Prince
Breast implant-associated ALCL (BIA-ALCL) is a rare, but likely under-reported entity, which most commonly presents with an effusion developing between the breast implant and the host fibrous capsule that surrounds it. It has been described in association with breast implants used for post-cancer reconstructive surgery and when implanted for purely cosmetic reasons. Two different presentations are seen; presentation with an effusion alone +/- co-existing capsular contracture, without an associated mass, and presentation with a mass lesion +/- an effusion...
September 2013: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
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