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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340508/-space-time-and-power-in-hospital-health-care-contributions-based-on-the-ethnography-of-an-obstetric-center
#1
María Guadalupe García, María Laura Recoder, Susana Margulies
This paper presents the results of an ethnographic study of an obstetric center within a hospital of Greater Buenos Aires and an analysis of the spatio-temporal dimension of hospital care. The fieldwork, carried out between 2007 and 2011, followed the everyday dynamics of the hospital and included observation in the obstetrics unit (waiting areas, the obstetric center where births and emergencies receive care, and the ambulatory care, ultrasound, and hospitalization rooms, among others) as well as spaces such as the appointments and statistics offices, the office of social services, the central hall, the pharmacy, and hallway waiting areas...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338807/genetic-diversity-of-blastocystis-in-non-primate-animals
#2
Emma L Betts, Eleni Gentekaki, Adele Thomasz, Vicki Breakell, Angus I Carpenter, Anastasios D Tsaousis
Blastocystis is an anaerobic protist, commonly inhabiting the intestinal tract of both humans and other animals. Blastocystis is extremely diverse comprising 17 genetically distinct subtypes in mammals and birds. Pathogenicity of this enteric microbe is currently disputed and knowledge regarding its distribution, diversity and zoonotic potential is fragmentary. Most research has focused on Blastocystis from primates, while sampling from other animals remains limited. Herein, we investigated the prevalence and distribution of Blastocystis in animals held within a conservation park in South East England...
January 17, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337558/spatial-isolation-of-conformational-isomers-of-hydroquinone-and-its-water-cluster-using-the-stark-deflector
#3
Hyun Sik You, Junggil Kim, Songhee Han, Doo-Sik Ahn, Jean Sun Lim, Sang Kyu Kim
Conformational isomers of hydroquinone and their 1:1 clusters with water have been spatially separated using the Stark deflector in the supersonic jet. Trans-hydroquinone (HyQ) conformer with zero dipole moment is little influenced by inhomogeneous electric fields whereas cis-conformer with nonzero dipole moment (2.38 D) is significantly deflected from the molecular beam axis into the direction along which the strong field gradient is applied. Resonant two photon ionization carried out by shifting the laser position perpendicular to the molecular beam axis after the Stark deflector then gives an exclusive S1-S0 excitation spectrum of the cis-conformer only, making possible immaculate conformer-specific spectroscopy and dynamics...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334359/electronic-and-optical-properties-of-spinel-zinc-ferrite-i-ab-initio-i-hybrid-functional-calculations
#4
Daniel Fritsch
Spinel ferrites in general show a rich interplay of structural, electronic, and magnetic properties. Here, we particularly focus on zinc ferrite (ZFO), which has been observed experimentally to crystallise in the cubic <i>normal</i> spinel structure. However, its magnetic ground state is still under dispute. In addition, some unusual magnetic properties in ZFO thin films or nanostructures have been explained by a possible partial cation inversion and a different magnetic interaction between the two cation sublattices of the spinel structure compared to the crystalline bulk material...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332558/situational-variations-in-and-women-s-accounts-of-avoided-acts-of-serious-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Candace Kruttschnitt, Carolyn Yule, Mariel Alper, Amy Klassen
This study explores how both situations and persons contribute to the probability that a serious incident of intimate partner violence (IPV) can be avoided. Data, on both completed and avoided acts of serious partner violence, were collected from jailed women in Baltimore. Factors that increase the odds of avoiding a serious incident of IPV are a woman's age, her partner's initiation of a threat/attack, and being accompanied by a family member. Factors that decrease the odds of avoided serious violence include an indicator of what the dispute was about, her partner's substance abuse, prior experiences with avoided acts of violence, and lifetime arrests...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332338/x-ray-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-sw480-colorectal-cancer-cells-and-its-potential-mechanisms
#6
Suyong Lin, Shaoqin Chen, Zhihua Chen, Qibao Dai, Chunlin Ke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between X-ray irradiation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), as well as the potential mechanisms of X-ray-induced EMT in SW480 colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. METHODS: It is well known that EMT plays a critical role in invasive and metastatic of colorectal cancer progression. However, the possible role of X-ray irradiation on EMT in colorectal cancer is widely disputed and its potential mechanisms are unclear...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331929/sex-related-differential-response-to-dexamethasone-in-endocrine-and-immune-measures-in-depressed-in-patients-and-healthy-controls
#7
Carina Rampp, Andreas Eichelkraut, Johanna Best, Darina Czamara, Monika Rex-Haffner, Manfred Uhr, Elisabeth B Binder, Andreas Menke
Although sex differences in major depression have been reported repeatedly, the underlying mechanisms are still disputed. The rapidly changing gonadal steroid concentrations of the postpartum period or during menopause have been shown to be associated with depressive symptoms and to modulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis, which is implicated in depression. The sample comprised of 128 depressed in-patients (36.7% women) and 166 healthy controls (30.0% women). Blood was collected at baseline (at 6pm) and then 3 h as well as 21 h after ingestion of 1...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326301/prognostic-roles-of-signal-transducers-activators-of-transcription-family-in-human-breast-cancer
#8
Shuntao Wang, Lili Yu, Wei Shi, Xueqin Li, Lixiu Yu
Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family are critical transcription factors, which have been proved as prognostic predictors for a number of cancers. However, the prognostic roles of STAT family in breast cancer patients remain in dispute. In this study, we mined the 'Kaplan-Meier plotter' (KM plotter) online database to explore the prognostic roles of STAT family mRNA expression in breast cancer including overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), as well as post-progression survival (PPS)...
January 11, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316758/-evaluation-of-the-standard-application-of-delphi-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-caused-by-occupational-irritant-chemicals
#9
L Zhao, Y J Yan
Objective: To investigate the problems encountered in the application of the standard (hereinafter referred to as standard) for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease caused by occu-pational irritant chemicals, to provide reference for the revision of the new standard, to reduce the number of missed patients in occupational COPD, and to get rid of the working environment of those who suffer from chronic respiratory diseases due to long-term exposure to poisons., slowing the progression of the disease...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315121/cervical-total-disk-arthroplasty
#10
Timothy T Roberts, Ryan J Filler, Jason W Savage, Edward C Benzel
In the United States, cervical total disk arthroplasty (TDA) is US Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved for use in both 1 and 2-level constructions for cervical disk disease resulting in myelopathy and/or radiculopathy. TDA designs vary in form, function, material composition, and even performance in vivo. However, the therapeutic goals are the same: to remove the painful degenerative/damaged elements of the intervertebral discoligamenous joint complex, to preserve or restore the natural range of spinal motion, and to mitigate stresses on adjacent spinal segments, thereby theoretically limiting adjacent segment disease (ASDis)...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305043/the-parakeet-protectors-understanding-opposition-to-introduced-species-management
#11
Sarah L Crowley, Steve Hinchliffe, Robbie A McDonald
The surveillance and control of introduced and invasive species has become an increasingly important component of environmental management. However, initiatives targeting 'charismatic' wildlife can be controversial. Opposition to management, and the subsequent emergence of social conflict, present significant challenges for would-be managers. Understanding the substance and development of these disputes is therefore vital for improving the legitimacy and effectiveness of wildlife management. It also provides important insights into human-wildlife relations and the 'social dimensions' of wildlife management...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303522/theoretical-evidence-for-the-direct-3mlct-hs-deactivation-in-the-light-induced-spin-crossover-of-fe-ii-polypyridyl-complexes
#12
Carmen Sousa, Miquel Llunell, Alex Domingo, Coen de Graaf
Spin-orbit couplings have been calculated in twenty snapshots of a molecular dynamics trajectory of [Fe(bpy)3]2+ to address the importance of geometrical distortions and second-order spin-orbit coupling on the intersystem crossing rate constants in the light-induced spin crossover process. It was found that the effective spin-orbit coupling between the 3MLCT and 5T2 state is much larger than the direct coupling in the symmetric structure, which opens the possibility of a direct 3MLCT-5T2 deactivation without the intervention of triplet metal-centered states...
January 5, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294820/familicide-in-italy-an-exploratory-study-of-cases-involving-male-perpetrators-1992-2015
#13
Domenico Tosini
This article adds to the literature on familicide by providing specific insights from the Italian experience. It presents results of an exploratory investigation into male-perpetrated familicides in Italy between 1992 and 2015. Familicide is defined as the killing of the spouse or intimate partner, and at least one child, at the hand of the other spouse/partner. Incidents of familicide were collated from newspaper reports. We identified 90 cases, resulting in 207 deaths. On average, perpetrators were middle aged ( M = 46...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288798/molecular-systematics-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-asian-endemic-freshwater-sleepers-gobiiformes-odontobutidae
#14
Hongjie Li, You He, Jiamei Jiang, Zhizhi Liu, Chenhong Li
The Odontobutidae is a group of freshwater sleepers endemic to East and Southeast Asia. The composition of the Odontobutidae is controversial and the systematics position of some species (e.g. Philypnus chalmersi) remains unknown. Phylogenetic relationship among the odontobutids has never been really tested due to the lack of informative morphological characters, and that molecular data have not been collected in many species. Here, we sampled 41 specimens, representing all known genera of the Odontobutidae except the Laotian genus Terateleotris, in addition to a disputable odontobutid species, Philypnus chalmersi and 14 outgroups (six families)...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287286/-arbitration-proceedings-caused-by-communication-problems
#15
Isabell Binter, Christian Herold, Sixtus Allert
INTRODUCTION: Functioning communication is one of the basic elements of a trusting doctor-patient relationship. Good medical communication is more important than ever in times of increasing personnel and time constraints. The aim of this study was to examine to what extent medical communication has an influence on the initiation of arbitration procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis was based on arbitration cases of plastic surgery, which were processed and completed by the Arbitration Board for Medical Liability Issues of North Germany between 2005 and 2015...
December 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284298/originator-of-the-hormesis-concept-rudolf-virchow-or-hugo-schulz
#16
E J Calabrese
In 2006, Henschler disputed the claim of Calabrese and Baldwin that Hugo Schulz should be considered the originator of the hormesis concept. Henschler cited an 1854 paper by Rudolf Virchow on the effects of two agents on the beating of cilia, which showed a hormetic-biphasic dose response. The interpretation of Henschler became broadly accepted over the past decade based on citations in the literature. However, a recent translation of the Virchow paper from German into English reveals that the claims of Henschler are not supported by the article...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276253/direct-and-indirect-remuneration-fees-the-controversy-continues
#17
Michael Gabay
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) initially created direct and indirect remuneration (DIR) fees with the enactment of Medicare Part D in order to track rebates and other price adjustments made to pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs). PBMs have expanded the use of these fees to "claw back" money from pharmacies on already dispensed medications. Community and specialty pharmacies claim these fees are not transparent, hurt patients and taxpayers, and negatively impact their fiscal bottom line, while PBMs assert that these fees actually reduce premiums for patients...
December 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275292/cell-cycle-checkpoints-and-aneuploidy-on-the-path-to-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth S Wenzel, Amareshwar T K Singh
The cell cycle is a complex sequence of events through which a cell duplicates its contents and divides, and involves many regulatory proteins for proper cellular reproduction, including cyclin proteins and cyclin-dependent kinases, oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes, and mitotic checkpoint proteins. Mutations of any of these regulatory mechanisms can lead to reproduction of cells carrying genetic mutations or abnormal numbers of chromosomes, resulting in genomic instability. Chromosomal instability, contributing to genomic instability, refers to abnormalities in the number of chromosomes, and leads to aneuploidy...
January 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258497/non-invasive-genetic-monitoring-involving-citizen-science-enables-reconstruction-of-current-pack-dynamics-in-a-re-establishing-wolf-population
#19
Hanna Granroth-Wilding, Craig Primmer, Meri Lindqvist, Jenni Poutanen, Olaf Thalmann, Jouni Aspi, Jenni Harmoinen, Ilpo Kojola, Toni Laaksonen
BACKGROUND: Carnivores are re-establishing in many human-populated areas, where their presence is often contentious. Reaching consensus on management decisions is often hampered by a dispute over the size of the local carnivore population. Understanding the reproductive dynamics and individual movements of the carnivores can provide support for management decisions, but individual-level information can be difficult to obtain from elusive, wide-ranging species. Non-invasive genetic sampling can yield such information, but makes subsequent reconstruction of population history challenging due to incomplete population coverage and error-prone data...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249021/in-their-own-words-research-misconduct-from-the-perspective-of-researchers-in-malaysian-universities
#20
Angelina P Olesen, Latifah Amin, Zurina Mahadi
Published data and studies on research misconduct, which focuses on researchers in Malaysia, is still lacking, therefore, we decided that this was an area for investigation. This study provides qualitative results for the examined issues through series of in-depth interviews with 21 researchers and lecturers in various universities in Malaysia. The aims of this study were to investigate the researchers' opinions and perceptions regarding what they considered to be research misconduct, their experience with such misconduct, and the factors that contribute to research misconduct...
December 16, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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