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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630547/abortion-rights-legal-mobilization-in-the-peruvian-media-1990-2015
#1
Camila Gianella
State and non-state actors engaged in disputes to expand and limit abortion rights have engaged in legal mobilization-in other words, strategies using rights and law as a central tool for advancing contested political goals. Peru, like other Latin American countries, has experienced an increase in abortion rights legal mobilization in recent years, including litigation before national and international courts. This paper centers on societal legal mobilization, or the legal mobilization that occurs outside the legislative and judicial branches and that includes strategies promoted by the executive branch, political actors, and non-partisan organizations and individuals...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630533/smoke-screen-the-globalization-of-production-transnational-lobbying-and-the-international-political-economy-of-plain-tobacco-packaging
#2
Louise Curran, Jappe Eckhardt
In 2012 Australia became the first country in the world to introduce plain tobacco packaging in an effort to reduce tobacco consumption. This move was vehemently opposed by the tobacco industry, which challenged it on several levels: nationally, bilaterally and multilaterally at the World Trade Organization (WTO). The political behavior of the tobacco companies in this case is puzzling both in terms of scale, operating at multiple levels at the same time and in terms of the countries mobilized in their defence...
2017: Rev Int Polit Econ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629425/screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-of-uncertain-aetiology-in-sri-lanka-usability-of-surrogate-biomarkers-over-dipstick-proteinuria
#3
Samantha Ratnayake, Zeid Badurdeen, Nishantha Nanayakkara, Tilak Abeysekara, Neelakanthi Ratnatunga, Ranjith Kumarasiri
BACKGROUND: The use of dipstick proteinuria to screen Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain aetiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka is a recently debated matter of dispute. The aim of this study was to assess the suitability of biomarkers: serum creatinine, cystatin C and urine albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) for screening CKDu in Sri Lanka. METHODS: Forty-four male CKDu patients and 49 healthy males from a CKDu-endemic region were selected. Meanwhile, 25 healthy males from a non-endemic region were selected as an absolute control...
June 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629347/international-validation-of-quality-indicators-for-evaluating-priority-setting-in-low-income-countries-process-and-key-lessons
#4
Lydia Kapiriri
BACKGROUND: While there have been efforts to develop frameworks to guide healthcare priority setting; there has been limited focus on evaluation frameworks. Moreover, while the few frameworks identify quality indicators for successful priority setting, they do not provide the users with strategies to verify these indicators. Kapiriri and Martin (Health Care Anal 18:129-147, 2010) developed a framework for evaluating priority setting in low and middle income countries. This framework provides BOTH parameters for successful priority setting and proposes means of their verification...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627249/astrology-in-court-the-spanish-inquisition-authority-and-expertise
#5
Tayra M C Lanuza-Navarro
Astrology, its legitimacy, and the limits of its acceptable practice were debated in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe. Many of the related arguments were mediated by the work of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and the responses to it. Acknowledging the complexities of the relationship between astrological ideas and Christian teachings, this paper focuses on the Catholic debates by specifically considering the decisions about astrology taken by the Spanish Inquisition. The trials of astrologers are examined with the aim of understanding the role of experts in astrology in early modern Spain...
June 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626494/towards-a-consensus-on-the-understanding-and-analysis-of-the-pulse-waveform-results-from-the-2016-workshop-on-arterial-hemodynamics-past-present-and-future
#6
Patrick Segers, Michael F O'Rourke, Kim Parker, Nico Westerhof, Alun Hughes
This paper aims to summarize and map contemporary views on some contentious aspects of arterial hemodynamics that have remained unresolved despite years of research. These were discussed during a workshop entitled Arterial hemodynamics: past, present and future held in London on June 14 and 15, 2016. To do this we formulated a list of potential consensus statements informed by discussion at the meeting in London and quantified the degree of agreement and invited comments from the participants of the workshop...
June 2017: Artery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621208/stem-cells-in-court-historical-trends-in-us-legal-cases-related-to-stem-cells
#7
Andreia Martins Martinho, Leigh Turner
Using two legal research platforms, we identified 193 stem-cell-related legal cases that were decided in US courts. Classifying the cases by category, we examined historical trends in the types of legal cases related to stem cells. Major types of cases involved plaintiffs seeking to overturn denial of health insurance coverage decisions, disputes related to intellectual property, false advertising, breaches of contract, exposure to hazardous agents, regulatory decisions, stem cell procedures and professional standard of care, use of stems cells in research, and public funding of embryonic stem cell research...
June 16, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620786/langerhans-und-merkel-a-nervous-epidermal-dispute
#8
Maria Rita Gaiser, Timo Gaiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619856/childhood-trauma-ptsd-and-the-cautious-forensic-expert
#9
Lance Amols, Spencer Eth
For centuries, medicine and psychiatry mirrored society's equivocations regarding childhood trauma. Those conflicts have mostly resolved, with widespread agreement that children are commonly exposed to traumatic events that may lead to PTSD and other mental conditions. The psychiatric and legal arguments should no longer be about the reality of childhood trauma in general; instead, experts should focus on the methodology of translating a particular child's narrative truth of maltreatment into a historical account, so that the expert can be qualified to offer criminal or civil court testimony after examining the child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614587/scholars-and-scientists-in-the-history-of-the-lymphatic-system
#10
REVIEW
Gianfranco Natale, Guido Bocci, Domenico Ribatti
The discovery of the lymphatic system has a long and fascinating history. The interest in anatomy and physiology of this system paralleled that of the blood cardiocirculatory system and has been maybe obscured by the latter. Paradoxically, if the closed blood system appeared open in Galen's anatomy and physiology, and took a very long time to be correctly described in terms of pulmonary and general circulation by ibn Al-Nafis/Michael Servetus/Realdo Colombo and William Harvey, respectively, the open lymphatic system was incorrectly described as a closed circuit connected with arteries and veins...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611962/clinical-results-of-complex-subtrochanteric-femoral-fractures-with-long-cephalomedullary-hip-nail
#11
Kwang-Kyoun Kim, Yougun Won, Danica H Smith, Gi-Soo Lee, Hee Young Lee
PURPOSE: Good results of the cephalomedullary nails have been reported in proximal femoral fractures recently. Based on length of nails and shape of screws fixed in a femoral head for proximal fragment fixation, the proper nail length was in dispute. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of a long cephalomedullary hip nail for the treatment of comminuted subtrochanteric femoral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients with severe subtrochanteric femoral fractures who had undergone intramedullary fixation using long-PFNA II between March 2010 and March 2013 were followed-up for over 12 months...
June 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611421/presence-of-caffeine-reversibly-interferes-with-efficacy-of-acupuncture-induced-analgesia
#12
Takumi Fujita, Changyong Feng, Takahiro Takano
Acupuncture is an alternative treatment for wide spectrum chronic pain. However, its validity remains controversial due to the disputed efficacy assessed in various clinical studies. Moreover, variability amongst individuals complicates the predictability of outcome, which impedes the integration of acupuncture into mainstream pain management programs. In light of our previous finding that the analgesic effect of acupuncture is mediated by adenosine A1 receptor activation at the acupuncture point, we here report that in acute and chronic animal pain models, oral intake of caffeine, a potent adenosine receptor antagonist, interferes with acupuncture analgesia, even at a low dose...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610552/a-fragile-assemblage-mutant-bird-flu-and-the-limits-of-risk-assessment
#13
Andrew Lakoff
This paper examines the recent public controversy sparked by the laboratory creation of a strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza transmissible among mammals. The contours of the controversy can be understood by tracking the assemblage of actors, institutions and devices gathered together in response to the governmental problem of how to manage emerging diseases. The grouping is tenuously held together by a shared commitment to the project of 'pandemic preparedness'. However, as the controversy unfolds, it becomes clear that the main actors involved do not share a common understanding of the problem to be addressed by pandemic preparedness, and the assemblage threatens to decompose...
June 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605709/facial-emotion-recognition-and-borderline-personality-pathology
#14
Kevin B Meehan, Chiara De Panfilis, Nicole M Cain, Camilla Antonucci, Antonio Soliani, John F Clarkin, Fabio Sambataro
The impact of borderline personality pathology on facial emotion recognition has been in dispute; with impaired, comparable, and enhanced accuracy found in high borderline personality groups. Discrepancies are likely driven by variations in facial emotion recognition tasks across studies (stimuli type/intensity) and heterogeneity in borderline personality pathology. This study evaluates facial emotion recognition for neutral and negative emotions (fear/sadness/disgust/anger) presented at varying intensities...
May 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604290/politics-and-health-at-the-who-regional-office-for%C3%A2-south-east-asia-the-case-of-portuguese%C3%A2-india-%C3%A2-1949-61
#15
Monica Saavedra
This paper analyses how the 1950-61 conflict between Portugal and India over the territories that constituted Portuguese India (Goa, Daman and Diu) informed Portugal's relations with the World Health Organization's Regional Office for South East Asia (SEARO). The 'Goa question' determined the way international health policies were actually put into place locally and the meaning with which they were invested. This case study thus reveals the political production of SEARO as a dynamic space for disputes and negotiations between nation-states in decolonising Asia...
July 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600041/lessons-from-the-mohw-compensation-pilot-program-on-birth-incidents-first-step-and-looking-forward
#16
Tsung-Hsi Wang, Shu-Fen Lin, Kun-Yu Tsai, Yu-Fu Liu
OBJECTIVE: In Taiwan, the number of medical disputes and litigation has increased dramatically over the past 20 years. The seriousness of medical disputes continuing grows in clinical practice, especially in obstetricians. This study provided a possible solution to the medical dispute litigation issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) compensation program for birth incidents has been implemented since 2012 and it provided pecuniary compensation for mothers, newborns, and fetuses who got injured or died in birth-related medical incidents...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597218/uncovering-a-new-moral-dilemma-of-economic-optimization-in-biotechnological-processing
#17
Marek Vochozka, Vojtěch Stehel, Anna Maroušková
The trend of emerging biorefineries is to process the harvest as efficiently as possible and without any waste. From the most valuable phytomass, refined medicines, enzymes, dyes and other special reactants are created. Functional foods, food ingredients, oils, alcohol, solvents, plastics, fillers and a wide variety of other chemical products follow. After being treated with nutrient recovery techniques (for fertilizer production), biofuels or soil improvers are produced from the leftovers. Economic optimization algorithms have confirmed that such complex biorefineries can be financially viable only when a high degree of feedstock concentration is included...
June 8, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589431/bone-marrow-fibrosis-at-diagnosis-predicts-survival-for-primary-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#18
Z Wu, R Chen, L Wu, L Zou, F Ding, M Wang, X Liu
PURPOSE: As a desmoplastic reaction, tissue fibrosis played crucial roles in solid tumor progression, chemo-resistance, and consequently heralded poor clinical outcome. Previous studies implied the effects of marrow fibrosis on prognosis for acute lymphoblastic leukemia were disputable. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of bone marrow fibrosis on clinical survival in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. METHODS: Bone marrow fibrosis (evaluated as reticulin fiber density, RFD) in bone marrow sections was evaluated at diagnosis via computer technology...
June 6, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586229/the-interplay-between-trap-density-and-hysteresis-in-planar-heterojunction-perovskite-solar-cells
#19
Jin-Wook Lee, Seul-Gi Kim, Sang-Hoon Bae, Do-Kyoung Lee, Oliver Lin, Yang Yang, Nam-Gyu Park
Anomalous current-voltage (J-V) hysteresis in perovskite (PSK) solar cell is open to dispute, where hysteresis is argued to be due to electrode polarization, dipolar polarization, and/or native defects. However, a correlation between those factors and J-V hysteresis is hard to be directly evaluated because they usually coexist and are significantly varied depending on morphology and crystallinity of the PSK layer, selective contacts, and device architecture. In this study, without changing morphology and crystallinity of PSK layer in a planar heterojunction structure employing FA0...
June 8, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583145/influences-of-de-qi-induced-by-acupuncture-on-immediate-and-accumulated-analgesic-effects-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Min Li, Hongwen Yuan, Pei Wang, Siyuan Xin, Jie Hao, Miaomiao Liu, Jinfeng Li, Man Yu, Xinrui Zhang
BACKGROUND: De Qi is a special sensational response upon acupuncture needling. According to traditional acupuncture theory, the treatment is "effective only after Qi arrival"; that is, De Qi is an important indicator of therapeutic efficacy and good prognosis. However, it is still disputable whether De Qi improves the efficacy of acupuncture therapy. This prospective, randomized controlled trial aims to explore the influence of De Qi induced by acupuncture on immediate and accumulated analgesic effects in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA)...
June 5, 2017: Trials
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