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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087768/the-rice-paradox-multiple-origins-but-single-domestication-in-asian-rice
#1
Jae Young Choi, Adrian E Platts, Dorian Q Fuller, Yue-Ie Hsing, Rod A Wing, Michael D Purugganan
The origin of domesticated Asian rice (Oryza sativa) has been a contentious topic, with conflicting evidence for either single or multiple domestication of this key crop species. We examined the evolutionary history of domesticated rice by analyzing de novo assembled genomes from domesticated rice and its wild progenitors. Our results indicate multiple origins, where each domesticated rice subpopulation (japonica, indica, and aus) arose separately from progenitor O. rufipogon and/or O. nivara Coalescence-based modeling of demographic parameters estimate that the first domesticated rice population to split off from O...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078389/responses-of-a-federally-endangered-songbird-to-understory-thinning-in-oak-juniper-woodlands
#2
Ashley M Long, Mike E Marshall, Michael L Morrison, K Brian Hays, Shannon L Farrell
Wildlife conservation and management on military lands must be accomplished in the context of military readiness, which often includes ground-based training that is perceived to conflict with wildlife needs and environmental regulations. From 2008‒2012, we examined territory density, pairing success, and fledging success of the federally endangered golden-cheeked warbler (Setophaga chrysoparia; hereafter warbler) in relation to removal of small-diameter trees from the understory of mature oak-juniper (Quercus-Juniperus) woodland at the 87,890 ha Fort Hood Military Reservation in central Texas...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077202/long-term-care-and-cultural-competence
#3
Jeannette Y Wick, Myroslava Sharabun
The United States has historically been a melting pot of cultures. Today the population has changed because many immigrants are now older than past immigrants, are frequently retired, and have chronic diseases that need careful management. Health care providers need to be culturally competent to deliver effective health care to these diverse populations. Over the years, health care systems and providers have become much more aware of the needs of minority populations. They accommodate language differences and individuals' ingrained beliefs that may affect health care and learn how to ask the questions that will elicit the information they need to treat patients...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076943/repetition-rate-after-non-fatal-self-poisoning-in-sri-lanka-a-one-year-prospective-longitudinal-study
#4
T N Rajapakse, K M Griffiths, S Cotton, H Christensen
Introduction: Attempted or non-fatal self-poisoning is an important public health problem in Sri Lanka. Current evidence from Sri Lanka suggests that this phenomenon is more common among young people, and females, and is associated with a recent interpersonal conflict. International studies indicate that recent non-fatal selfharm is associated with an increased risk of repetition and completed suicide. Prospective follow-up data regarding rates of repetition of self-harm in Sri Lanka is limited...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074578/managing-conflicts-between-physicians-and-surrogates
#5
Carol Bayley
Two articles in this issue of the Hastings Center Report explore two sides of the same problematic coin. In "The Limits of Surrogates' Moral Authority and Physician Professionalism," Jeffrey Berger discusses the moral problem of a surrogate refusing a treatment, palliative sedation, on behalf of a patient whose suffering is refractory to intensive palliative efforts provided by a multidisciplinary team. In "After the DNR: Surrogates Who Persist in Requesting Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation," Ellen Robinson and her colleagues analyze data from a study of cases in which physicians wished not to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation on patients whom they thought it would harm...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#6
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073354/intermittent-catheterisation-with-hydrophilic-and-non-hydrophilic-urinary-catheters-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analyses
#7
Carla Rognoni, Rosanna Tarricone
BACKGROUND: Intermittent catheterisation is the method of choice for the management of bladder dysfunctions. Different urinary catheters are available, but there is conflicting evidence on which type of catheter is best. The present study provides an objective evaluation of the clinical effectiveness of different subsets of urinary catheters. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed for published RCTs regarding hydrophilic coated and PVC (standard) catheters for intermittent catheterisation...
January 10, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070303/using-species-distribution-models-to-define-nesting-habitat-of-the-eastern-metapopulation-of-double-crested-cormorants
#8
Kate L Sheehan, Samuel T Esswein, Brian S Dorr, Greg K Yarrow, Ron J Johnson
When organisms with similar phenotypes have conflicting management and conservation initiatives, approaches are needed to differentiate among subpopulations or discrete groups. For example, the eastern metapopulation of the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) has a migratory phenotype that is culled because they are viewed as a threat to commercial and natural resources, whereas resident birds are targeted for conservation. Understanding the distinct breeding habitats of resident versus migratory cormorants would aid in identification and management decisions...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069732/weight-management-practices-associated-with-pcos-and-their-relationships-with-diet-and-physical-activity
#9
L J Moran, W J Brown, S A McNaughton, A E Joham, H J Teede
STUDY QUESTION: Do weight management practices differ in women with and without PCOS? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women in the general population with self-reported PCOS are more likely to be using healthy weight management practices and alternative non-lifestyle measures for weight management than women without PCOS. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Lifestyle management is the first-line treatment in PCOS. However, the specific weight management practices used by women with PCOS and their effect on diet and physical activity are unclear...
January 8, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067943/gamma-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-modulators-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-motor-neuron-disease
#10
REVIEW
Andrea Diana, Rita Pillai, Paolo Bongioanni, Aidan G O'Keeffe, Robert G Miller, Dan H Moore
BACKGROUND: Imbalance of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) and related modulators has been implicated as an important factor in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which is also known as motor neuron disease (MND). In this context, the role and mechanism of action of gabapentin and baclofen have been extensively investigated, although with conflicting results. This is the first systematic review to assess clinical trials of GABA modulators for the treatment of ALS. OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of gabapentin, baclofen, or other GABA modulators in delaying the progression of ALS, and to evaluate adverse effects of these interventions...
January 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063462/going-digital-a-narrative-overview-of-the-clinical-and-organisational-impacts-of-ehealth-technologies-in-hospital-practice
#11
Justin Keasberry, Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib, Richard Ashby
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of hospital-based eHealth technologies on quality, safety and efficiency of care and clinical outcomes.Methods Systematic reviews and reviews of systematic reviews of eHealth technologies published in PubMed/Medline/Cochrane Library between January 2010 and October 2015 were evaluated. Reviews of implementation issues, non-hospital settings or remote care or patient-focused technologies were excluded from analysis. Methodological quality was assessed using a validated appraisal tool...
January 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061534/overcoming-the-challenges-associated-with-symptom-management-in-palliative-care
#12
Helen Senderovich, Shaira Wignarajah
End of life (EOL) care is a topic that many families have difficulty discussing. A number of families are uncomfortable with accepting the fact that death is a part of every human's reality. Ideas and thoughts of death are interpreted differently across various cultures, and lacking to discuss disease trajectory and what to expect down the road with a physician, brings forward conflict during EOL care. Let us consider the complexities of treating Mr. X who is an 80-year-old male of Italian background with a history of advanced lung cancer with metastasis to the brain...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058570/self-management-education-interventions-for-patients-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Doris Howell, Tamara Harth, Judy Brown, Cathy Bennett, Susan Boyko
PURPOSE: This systematic review was intended to identify the effectiveness and inclusion of essential components of self-management education interventions to support patients with cancer in developing the skills needed for effective self-management of their disease and the acute or immediate, long-term, and late harmful effects of treatments. METHODS: Self-management education interventions were included if they were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) containing at least one of the eight core elements outlined by the research team...
January 5, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057875/perceived-challenges-of-working-in-a-fertility-clinic-a-qualitative-analysis-of-work-stressors-and-difficulties-working-with-patients
#14
Jacky Boivin, Laura Bunting, Emily Koert, Chin Ieng U, Christianne Verhaak
STUDY QUESTION: What are some of the challenges of working in a fertility clinic? SUMMARY ANSWER: The most frequently mentioned challenges were workload (e.g. high time pressure) and patient-related sources (e.g. unrealistic expectations). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: One study showed a too high workload, worry about handling human material and low success rates were main stressors in fertility clinics. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: An online open-ended survey inviting participants to respond to seven questions was distributed to 5902 members of the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE, October 2010)...
January 5, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054737/perceived-needs-for-the-information-communication-technology-ict-based-personalized-health-management-program-and-association-among-information-provision-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-and-decisional-conflict-in-cancer-patients
#15
Jin Ah Sim, Yoon Jung Chang, Aesun Shin, Dong-Young Noh, Wonshik Han, Han-Kwang Yang, Young Whan Kim, Young Tae Kim, Seoung-Yong Jeong, Jung-Hwan Yoon, Yoon Jun Kim, Daesuk Heo, Tae-You Kim, Do-Youn Oh, Hong-Gyun Wu, Hak Jae Kim, Eui Kyu Chie, Keon Wook Kang, Ju Han Kim, Young Ho Yun
OBJECTIVE: The use of information communication technology (ICT) based tailored health management program, can have significant health impacts for cancer patients. Information provision, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and decision conflicts, were analyzed for their relationship with need for an ICT-based personalized health management program in Korean cancer survivors. METHODS: The health program needs of 625 cancer survivors from two Korean hospitals were analyzed in this cross-sectional study...
January 5, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053945/treatment-of-leukocytospermia-in-male-infertility-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jae Hung Jung, Myung Ha Kim, Jiye Kim, Soon Koo Baik, Sang-Baek Koh, Hyun Jun Park, Ju Tae Seo
Male factors account for 20% to 50% of infertility cases, and infection in the genitourinary tract may play a contributing role in up to 15% of male infertility. Leukocytospermia is a well-known indicator of infection or inflammation in the male sex glands and the urogenital tract. Although great deal of effort has been expended to elucidate definite management strategies in infertile men with leukocytospermia, the gold standard of treatment remains unclear. Until recently, broad spectrum antibiotics and antioxidants have been used in the treatment of leukocytospermia for male infertility to eliminate infection and reduce reactive oxygen free radicals produced inside cellular mitochondria as a result of inflammation...
December 2016: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052985/experiences-of-using-life-histories-with-health-workers-in-post-conflict-and-crisis-settings-methodological-reflections
#17
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Haja Wurie, Sally Theobald, Wilson Mashange, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Richard Mangwi, Tim Martineau
INTRODUCTION: Life history is a research tool which has been used primarily in sociology and anthropology to document experiences of marginalized individuals and communities. It has been less explored in relation to health system research. In this paper, we examine our experience of using life histories to explore health system trajectories coming out of conflict through the eyes of health workers. METHODS: Life histories were used in four inter-related projects looking at health worker incentives, the impact of Ebola on health workers, deployment policies, and gender and leadership in the health sector...
January 4, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050797/debates-about-conflict-of-interest-in-medicine-deconstructing-a-divided-discourse
#18
Serena Purdy, Miles Little, Christopher Mayes, Wendy Lipworth
The pharmaceutical industry plays an increasingly dominant role in healthcare, raising concerns about "conflicts of interest" (COI) on the part of the medical professionals who interact with the industry. However, there is considerable disagreement over the extent to which COI is a problem and how it should be managed. Participants in debates about COI have become entrenched in their views, which is both unproductive and deeply confusing for the majority of medical professionals trying to work in an increasingly commercialized environment...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#19
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047495/su-f-e-15-initial-experience-implementing-a-case-method-teaching-approach-to-radiation-oncology-physics-residents-graduate-students-and-doctorate-of-medical-physics-students
#20
A Gutierrez
PURPOSE: Case Method Teaching approach is a teaching tool used commonly in business school to challenge students with real-world situations-i.e. CASES: The students are placed in the role of the decision maker and have to provide a solution based on the multitude of information provided. Specifically, students must develop an ability to quickly make sense of a complex problem, provide a solution incorporating all of the objectives (at time conflicting) and constraints, and communicate that solution in a succinct, professional and effective manner...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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