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Conflict management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332163/the-monkey-is-not-always-a-god-attitudinal-differences-toward-crop-raiding-macaques-and-why-it-matters-for-conflict-mitigation
#1
Shaurabh Anand, Vilakkathala Vijayan Binoy, Sindhu Radhakrishna
Attitudinal differences toward wildlife have important implications for conflict management and when the species in question have strong cultural and religious associations, conflict mitigation becomes a challenging endeavor. We investigated farmers' attitudes toward two different crop-raiding macaque species, the rhesus macaque in northern India, and the bonnet macaque in southern India. Apart from regional differences in attitudes, we also assessed temporal changes in attitude toward the rhesus macaque. We carried out household surveys using a semistructured questionnaire to collect data...
January 13, 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#2
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325585/clinical-research-ethics-review-process-in-lebanon-efficiency-and-functions-of-research-ethics-committees-results-from-a-descriptive-questionnaire-based-study
#3
David Atallah, Malak Moubarak, Nadine El Kassis, Sara Abboud
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials conducted in Lebanon are increasing. However, little is known about the performance of research ethics committees (RECs) in charge of reviewing the research protocols. This study aimed to assess the level of adherence to the ethics surrounding the conduct of clinical trials and perceptions of team members regarding roles of the RECs during the conduct of clinical trials in Lebanon. The research question was: Are RECs adherent to the ethics surrounding the conduct of clinical trials (chapters II and IV in 'Standards and Operational Guidance for Ethics Review of Health-related Research with Human Participants' in Lebanon?' METHODS: This was a quantitative and descriptive questionnaire-based study conducted among RECs of university hospitals in Lebanon...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325081/dissatisfaction-with-current-integration-reforms-of-health-insurance-schemes-in-china-are-they-a-success-and-what-matters
#4
Linghan Shan, Miaomiao Zhao, Ning Ning, Yanhua Hao, Ye Li, Libo Liang, Zheng Kang, Hong Sun, Ding Ding, Baohua Liu, Chao Liang, Miao Yu, Qunhong Wu, Mo Hao, Hua Fan
Integration reforms have been piloted as key policies to address the fragmented health insurance system in China. They are also regarded as a better choice for realizing a Universal Basic Medical Insurance System (UBMIS). This study has attempted to explore the determinants that may affect respondents' dissatisfaction with the reforms. The aim is to provide evidence for more effective policy adjustment during the next round of nationwide integration reforms in China. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in Ningbo, Chongqing and Heilongjiang from 2014 to 2015...
January 6, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325012/systematic-review-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-transcatheter-interventions-for-valvular-heart-disease
#5
Gialama Fotini, Prezerakos Panagiotis, Apostolopoulos Vasilis, Nikolaos Maniadakis
Objectives: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) are increasingly used for managing patients with valvular heart disease to whom surgery presents a high-risk. As these are costly procedures, a systematic review of studies concerned with their economic assessment was undertaken. Methods: The search was performed in PubMed and the Cochrane Library and followed recommended methodological steps. Studies were screened and their data were retrieved and were synthesized using a narrative approach...
January 9, 2018: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324492/life-cycle-assessment-and-costing-methods-for-device-procurement-comparing-reusable-and-single-use-disposable-laryngoscopes
#6
Jodi D Sherman, Lewis A Raibley, Matthew J Eckelman
BACKGROUND: Traditional medical device procurement criteria include efficacy and safety, ease of use and handling, and procurement costs. However, little information is available about life cycle environmental impacts of the production, use, and disposal of medical devices, or about costs incurred after purchase. Reusable and disposable laryngoscopes are of current interest to anesthesiologists. Facing mounting pressure to quickly meet or exceed conflicting infection prevention guidelines and oversight body recommendations, many institutions may be electively switching to single-use disposable (SUD) rigid laryngoscopes or overcleaning reusables, potentially increasing both costs and waste generation...
January 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322909/operative-versus-non-operative-treatment-of-displaced-intraarticular-fracture-of-calcaneum-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
S Meena, A Hooda, P Sharma, S Mittal, J Sharma, B Chowdhury
Various studies comparing operative and non-operative intervention for displaced intrarticular calcaneal fractures have reported conflicting findings in the past. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) vis-a-vis conservative management. Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing operative and non-operative intervention for displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures were assessed and included in this meta-analysis...
December 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320512/killing-wolves-to-prevent-predation-on-livestock-may-protect-one-farm-but-harm-neighbors
#8
Francisco J Santiago-Avila, Ari M Cornman, Adrian Treves
Large carnivores, such as gray wolves, Canis lupus, are difficult to protect in mixed-use landscapes because some people perceive them as dangerous and because they sometimes threaten human property and safety. Governments may respond by killing carnivores in an effort to prevent repeated conflicts or threats, although the functional effectiveness of lethal methods has long been questioned. We evaluated two methods of government intervention following independent events of verified wolf predation on domestic animals (depredation) in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA between 1998-2014, at three spatial scales...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319151/blood-and-conflict-managing-bleeding-disorders-in-gaza
#9
Hala Borno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317139/female-gender-and-mortality-risk-in-decompensated-heart-failure
#10
Domenico Scrutinio, Pietro Guida, Andrea Passantino, Rocco Lagioia, Rosa Raimondo, Mario Venezia, Enrico Ammirati, Fabrizio Oliva, Miriam Stucchi, Maria Frigerio
BACKGROUND: Still there is conflicting evidence about gender-related differences in prognosis among patients with heart failure. This prognostic uncertainty may have implications for risk stratification and planning management strategy. The aim of the present study was to explore the association between gender and one-year mortality in patients admitted with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). METHODS: We studied 1513 patients. The Cumulative Incidence Function (CIF) method was used to estimate the absolute rate of mortality, heart transplantation (HT)/ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation, and survival free of HT/VAD implantation at 1year...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316916/malaria-programme-personnel-s-experiences-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-malaria-elimination-strategy-in-south-africa
#11
Khumbulani Welcome Hlongwana, Benn Sartorius, Joyce Tsoka-Gwegweni
BACKGROUND: South Africa has set an ambitious goal targeting to eliminate malaria by 2018, which is consistent with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals' call to end the epidemic of malaria by 2030 across the globe. There are conflicting views regarding the feasibility of malaria elimination, and furthermore studies investigating malaria programme personnel's perspectives on strategy implementation are lacking. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014 through a face-to-face investigator-administered semi-structured questionnaire to all eligible and consenting malaria programme personnel (team leader to senior manager levels) in three malaria endemic provinces (KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, and Limpopo) of South Africa...
January 10, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316017/a-comparison-of-graft-and-patient-outcomes-following-kidney-transplantation-in-extended-hour-and-conventional-haemodialysis-patients
#12
Emily J See, Carmel M Hawley, Yeoungjee Cho, Nigel D Toussaint, John Wm Agar, Elaine M Pascoe, Wai H Lim, Ross S Francis, Michael G Collins, David W Johnson
AIM: Differences in early graft function between kidney transplant recipients previously managed with either haemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis are well described. However, only two single-centre studies have compared graft and patient outcomes between extended hour and conventional HD patients, with conflicting results. METHODS: This study compared the outcomes of all extended hour (≥24 hours/week) and conventional HD patients transplanted in Australia and New Zealand between 2000 and 2014...
January 8, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315421/development-of-a-new-comprehensive-and-reliable-endometrial-receptivity-map-er-map-er-grade-based-on-rt-qpcr-gene-expression-analysis
#13
M Enciso, J P Carrascosa, J Sarasa, P A Martínez-Ortiz, S Munné, J A Horcajadas, J Aizpurua
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to determine the receptivity status of an endometrium by combined quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) expression analysis of genes involved in endometrial proliferation and immunity? SUMMARY ANSWER: The new ER Map®/ER Grade® test can predict endometrial receptivity status by RT-qPCR using a new panel of genes involved in endometrial proliferation and the maternal immune response associated to embryonic implantation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The human endometrium reaches a receptive status adequate for embryonic implantation around Days 19-21 of the menstrual cycle...
January 5, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313419/informal-caregivers-learning-experiences-with-self-management-support-of-individuals-living-with-bipolar-disorder-a-phenomenological-study
#14
Silvio van den Heuvel, Peter Goossens, Cees Terlouw, Lisette Schoonhoven, Theo van Achterberg
BACKGROUND: The degree of informal caregiver involvement influences the self-management of individuals living with bipolar disorder (BD). OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide a description of informal caregivers' learning experiences in self-management support of BD in order to guide professionals in tailoring future psychosocial and psychoeducational interventions. DESIGN: In-depth open interviews with 10 informal caregivers of patients with BD who followed treatment in the context of specialized outpatient bipolar care were conducted...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312748/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-traumatic-brain-injury-how-do-we-manage-it
#15
REVIEW
Valentina Della Torre, Rafael Badenes, Francesco Corradi, Fabrizio Racca, Andrea Lavinio, Basil Matta, Federico Bilotta, Chiara Robba
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. TBI patients frequently suffer from lung complications and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Moreover, the association between TBI and ARDS in trauma patients is well recognized. Mechanical ventilation of patients with a concomitance of acute brain injury and lung injury can present significant challenges. Frequently, guidelines recommending management strategies for patients with traumatic brain injuries come into conflict with what is now considered best ventilator practice...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311533/a-modern-history-of-imperial-medicine-surrounding-hansen-s-disease-strategies-to-manage-public-opinion-in-modern-japanese-media
#16
Gijae Seo
The purpose of this study is to understand the reality of imperial medicine by exploring the strategic attitude of the Japanese authority targeting the public who were not patients of Hansen's disease. For this purpose, this study examines the mass media data related to Hansen's disease published in Korea and Japan during the Japanese colonial rule. Research on Hansen's disease can be divided into medical, sociohistorical, social welfare, and human rights approach. There are medical studies and statistics on the dissemination of medical information about Hansen's disease and management measures, the history of the management of the disease, guarantee of the rights of the patients and the welfare environment, and studies on the autobiographical, literary writings and oral statements on the life and psychological conflicts of the patients...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310600/warfarin-anticoagulation-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-comparison-of-nephrologist-led-and-anticoagulation-clinic-led-management
#17
Hamad Bahbahani, Ahmed AlTurki, Ahmed Dawas, Mark L Lipman
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence of benefit versus harm for warfarin anticoagulation in hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation. This equipoise may be explained by suboptimal Time in Therapeutic Range (TTR), which correlates well with thromboembolic and bleeding complications. This study aimed to compare nephrologist-led management of warfarin therapy versus that led by specialized anticoagulation clinic. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort of chronic hemodialysis patients from two institutions (Institution A: Nephrologist-led warfarin management, Institution B: Anticoagulation clinic-led warfarin management), we identified patients with atrial fibrillation who were receiving warfarin for thromboembolic prophylaxis...
January 8, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307034/emergency-department-imaging-of-pediatric-trauma-patients-during-combat-operations-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#18
Jason F Naylor, Michael D April, Jamie L Roper, Guyon J Hill, Paul Clark, Steven G Schauer
BACKGROUND: Military hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan treated children with traumatic injuries during the recent conflicts. Diagnostic imaging is an integral component of trauma management; however, few published data exist on its use in the wartime pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the emergency department (ED) utilization of radiology resources for pediatric trauma patients in Iraq and Afghanistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DODTR) for all pediatric patients admitted to military fixed-facility hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan from January 2007 to January 2016...
January 6, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306998/aquaculture-expansion-in-brazilian-freshwaters-against-the-aichi-biodiversity-targets
#19
REVIEW
Dilermando Pereira Lima Junior, André Lincoln Barroso Magalhães, Fernando Mayer Pelicice, Jean Ricardo Simões Vitule, Valter M Azevedo-Santos, Mário Luís Orsi, Daniel Simberloff, Angelo Antônio Agostinho
The Convention on Biological Diversity proposed the Aichi Biodiversity Targets to improve conservation policies and to balance economic development, social welfare, and the maintenance of biodiversity/ecosystem services. Brazil is a signatory of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and is the most diverse country in terms of freshwater fish, but its national policies have supported the development of unsustainable commercial and ornamental aquaculture, which has led to serious disturbances to inland ecosystems and natural resources...
January 6, 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306828/integrating-ecosystem-services-trade-offs-with-paddy-land-to-dry-land-decisions-a-scenario-approach-in-erhai-lake-basin-southwest-china
#20
Yi'na Hu, Jian Peng, Yanxu Liu, Lu Tian
Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems, and ecosystem services trade-offs have been widely applied to the development of land-use policy. Although previous studies have focused on trade-offs of ecosystem services, a scenario approach has been seldom used. The scenario approach can reveal the changes of ecosystem services for different land-use patterns in the future, and is of great significance for land-use decisions and ecosystem management. Based on the actual situation of deteriorating water quality and dwindling water supply in the Erhai Lake Basin of southwest China, this study put forward to convert paddy land to dry land (PLDL) in the basin, and simulated its potential impact on ecosystem services...
January 4, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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