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trans resveratrol

Rachel Wong, Rhenan Nealon, Daniel Raederstorff, Peter Howe
OBJECTIVE: Having shown that resveratrol consumption can improve flow mediated dilation of the brachial artery, we tested its effects on CVR to hypercapnia in adults with T2DM, a risk population for cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairments. DESIGN AND METHOD: In a double-blind crossover trial, 34 adults with T2DM consumed 0, 75, 150 and 300 mg of synthetic trans-resveratrol (one dose per week in random order). Before and 1-2 hr after dosing, transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to assess CVR to a hypercapnic stimulus (breathing Carbogen gas for 3 min) in the middle (MCA) and posterior (PCA) cerebral arteries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Song Xue, Shu Xiao-Hong, Sha Lin, Bian Jie, Wang Li-Li, Gu Jia-Yao, Shi Shun, Li Pei-Nan, Wu Mo-Li, Wang Qian, Chen Xiao-Yan, Kong Qing-You, Zhang Peng, Li Hong, Liu Jia
Trans-resveratrol suppresses glioblastoma growth in vitro, but its effects on intracranial glioblastomas remain untested. Resveratrol crosses the blood-brain barrier, and lumbar puncture (LP) greatly increases its bioavailability in rat brains; therefore, we investigated the effectiveness of LP-administered resveratrol on orthotopic rat glioblastomas. Twenty-four tumor-bearing rats were separated into two groups: Group 1 receiving 100 μl saline containing 0.3% DMSO and Group 2 receiving 100 μl resveratrol (300 μM)...
October 3, 2016: Oncotarget
Daisuke Arai, Ryousuke Kataoka, Satoshi Otsuka, Midori Kawamura, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Masahiko Sai, Tatsuhiko Ito, Yoichi Nakao
Piceatannol (3,3',4',5-trans-tetrahydroxystilbene) is a polyphenolic compound abundant in the seeds of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis). Piceatannol is an analogue of resveratrol (3,4',5-trans-trihydroxystilbene) and shares the structural motif and biological activities such as activation of SIRT1. Several studies have shown that piceatannol is more potent than resveratrol. In this study, we examined the effects of piceatannol on neural stem cell differentiation into astrocytes compared with those of resveratrol...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Li Huang, Songlin Zhang, Stacy D Singer, Xiangjing Yin, Jinhua Yang, Yuejin Wang, Xiping Wang
Stilbene synthase (STS) is a key gene in the biosynthesis of various stilbenoids, including resveratrol and its derivative glucosides (such as piceid), that has been shown to contribute to disease resistance in plants. However, the mechanism behind such a role has yet to be elucidated. Furthermore, the function of STS genes in osmotic stress tolerance remains unclear. As such, we sought to elucidate the role of STS genes in the defense against biotic and abiotic stress in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ala Abdelali, Maie Al-Bader, Narayana Kilarkaje
Diabetes induces oxidative stress, DNA damage and alters several intracellular signaling pathways in organ systems. This study investigated modulatory effects of Trans-Resveratrol on type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM)-induced abnormal spermatogenesis, DNA damage and alterations in poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) signaling in rat testis. Trans-Resveratrol administration (5mg/kg/day, ip) to Streptozotocin-induced T1DM adult male Wistar rats from day 22-42 resulted in recovery of induced oxidative stress, abnormal spermatogenesis and inhibited DNA synthesis, and led to mitigation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine formation in the testis and spermatozoa, and DNA double-strand breaks in the testis...
September 27, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Young-Joon Surh, Hye-Kyung Na
Piceatannol (3,3',4,5'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene; PIC) is a naturally occurring stilbene present in diverse plant sources. PIC is a hydroxylated analog of resveratrol and produced from resveratrol by microsomal cytochrome P450 1A11/2 and 1B1 activities. Like resveratrol, PIC has a broad spectrum of health beneficial effects, many of which are attributable to its antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. PIC exerts anticarcinogenic effects by targeting specific proteins involved in regulating cancer cell proliferation, survival/death, invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, etc...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Rachel Wong, Rhenan Nealon, Daniel Raederstorff, Peter Howe
OBJECTIVE: Having shown that resveratrol consumption can improve flow mediated dilation of the brachial artery, we tested its effects on CVR to hypercapnia in adults with T2DM, a risk population for cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairments. DESIGN AND METHOD: In a double-blind crossover trial, 34 adults with T2DM consumed 0, 75, 150 and 300 mg of synthetic trans-resveratrol (one dose per week in random order). Before and 1-2 hr after dosing, transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to assess CVR to a hypercapnic stimulus (breathing Carbogen gas for 3 min) in the middle (MCA) and posterior (PCA) cerebral arteries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Shinji Mikami, Ichiro Ota, Takashi Masui, Asako Itaya-Hironaka, Ryogo Shobatake, Hideyuki Okamoto, Shin Takasawa, Tadashi Kitahara
Identification of reliable markers of chemo- and radiosensitivity and the key molecules that enhance the susceptibility of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) to anticancer treatments is highly desirable. Previously, we have reported that regenerating gene (REG) Ⅲ expression was such a marker associated with an improved survival rate for HNSCC patients. In the present study, we investigated the stimulators for induction of REG Ⅲ expression using REG Ⅲ promoter assay in HNSCC cells transfected with REG Ⅲ promoter vector...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Sébastien Bruisson, Pascale Maillot, Paul Schellenbaum, Bernard Walter, Katia Gindro, Laurence Deglène-Benbrahim
Grapevine (Vitis spp) is susceptible to serious fungal diseases usually controlled by chemical treatments. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are obligate plant symbionts which can stimulate plant defences. We investigated the effect of mycorrhization on grapevine stilbenoid defences. Vitis vinifera cvs Chasselas, Pinot noir and the interspecific hybrid Divico, on the rootstock 41B, were mycorrhized with Rhizophagus irregularis before leaf infection by Plasmopara viticola or Botrytis cinerea. Gene expression analysis showed an up-regulation of PAL, STS, and ROMT, involved in the stilbenoid biosynthesis pathway, in plant leaves, 48 h after pathogen inoculation...
November 2016: Phytochemistry
Wangta Liu, Yow-Ling Shiue, Yi-Reng Lin, Hugo You-Hsien Lin, Shih-Shin Liang
In this study, we demonstrated an oxidative method with free radical to generate 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene (trans-resveratrol) metabolites and detect sequentially by an autosampler coupling with liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometer (LC-ESI-MS/MS). In this oxidative method, the free radical initiator, ammonium persulfate (APS), was placed in a sample bottle containing resveratrol to produce oxidative derivatives, and the reaction progress was tracked by autosampler sequencing...
October 2015: Current Analytical Chemistry
ZhiQiang Chen, Lu Zhang, JingTing Yu, LiangKe Chen, Bo Zhou
The potential to promote neovascularization in ischemic tissues using exogenous agents is an attractive avenue for therapeutics. To identify novel pro-angiogenic small-molecule compound, we screened a series of resveratrol methylated derivatives and identified 3,3',4,4', 5,5'-hexamethoxy-trans-stilbene (3,3',4,4',5,5'-HMS) potently promotes proliferation, migration, invasion and tube formation of human umbilical vein VECs (HUVECs) in vitro. Furthermore, 3,3',4,4',5,5'-HMS accelerates neo-vessels sprouting of rat aortic rings ex vivo, and neovascularization of chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and mouse matrigel plugs in vivo...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Nadia Calabriso, Marika Massaro, Egeria Scoditti, Mariangela Pellegrino, Ilaria Ingrosso, Giovanna Giovinazzo, Maria Annunziata Carluccio
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are endopeptidases responsible for the hydrolysis of various components of extracellular matrix. MMPs, namely gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9, contribute to the progression of chronic and degenerative diseases. Since gelatinases' activity and expression are regulated by oxidative stress, we sought to evaluate whether supplementation with polyphenol-rich red grape skin extracts modulated the matrix-degrading capacity in cell models of vascular inflammation. Human endothelial and monocytic cells were incubated with increasing concentrations (0...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Isabela Maia Toaldo, John Van Camp, Gerard Bryan Gonzales, Senem Kamiloglu, Marilde T Bordignon-Luiz, Guy Smagghe, Katleen Raes, Esra Capanoglu, Charlotte Grootaert
The bioactivity of trans-resveratrol (RSV), an important wine polyphenol, and of its metabolites was investigated in a more relevant setup comprising an in vitro coculture cell model that combines intestinal absorption and conjugation with changes in endothelial function, which is primarily affected in cardiovascular diseases. Caco-2 and endothelial EA.hy926 cells were grown in a coculture, and Caco-2 cells were treated with RSV in the coculture and in two different sequential setups for 4 h and 24 h. Transported metabolites were investigated by UPLC-MS/MS(E), and the effects on NO production, ROS inhibition and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were evaluated in TNF-α-activated and nonactivated endothelial cells...
October 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Abdur Rauf, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Abdulselam Ertas, Hamdi Temel, Taibi Ben Hadda, Muhammad Saleem, Muslim Raza, Haroon Khan
Polyphenols are organic compounds widely found in plants and possess many diverse biological activities. In the current study, eleven polyphenolic compounds [rutin (1), trans-ferulic acid (2), epigallaocatechin gallate (3), fumaric acid (4), chlorogenic acid (5), gallic acid (6), trans-resveratrol (7), propyl gallate (8), (+)-catechin (9), quercetin (10), and kaempferol-3-O--D-galactoside (11)] have been evaluated for their in vitro inhibitory activity against phosphodiesterase-1 (PDE-1). The active compounds 1, 5, 6, and 7 possessed IC50 values of 173...
August 24, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Justyna Samoticha, Aneta Wojdyło, Tomasz Golis
The study evaluated fruit quality parameters and chemical properties (soluble solids, pH, total acidity and total sugars content, phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity (ABTS, FRAP and ORAC methods)) of 30 grape cultivars of white, red and pink grape, as 28 interspecific hybrids and 2 Vitis vinifera L. popularly grown in Poland. Some of them were analyzed for the first time. A total of 49 polyphenolic compounds were identified by LC-PDA-QTOF/MS and quantified by UPLC-PDA-FL, as 26 anthocyanins, 9 flavonols and flavons, 7 phenolic acids, 6 flavan-3-ols, and 1 stilbene...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Ivana Generalić Mekinić, Danijela Skroza, Ivica Ljubenkov, Višnja Katalinić
Over the last years, great interest has arisen concerning plant stilbenes, especially resveratrol, which has a whole spectrum of positive biological activities. In this study, we investigated the presence of resveratrol monomers (trans- and cis- form) and naturally occurring derivatives of trans-resveratrol (piceid, astringin and isorhapontin) in phenolic extracts of twenty medicinal plants traditionally used in Croatian folk medicine. The investigated compounds were present in the samples, in free form or as glucosides, and the highest share was found in immortelle, common yarrow and Lamiaceae plants...
June 2016: Natural Product Communications
Yoo Jin Choi, Kyu Heo, Hee Sung Park, Kwang Mo Yang, Min Ho Jeong
Tumor hypoxia is associated with treatment resistance, cell proliferation, and metastatic potential, all of which contribute to a poor prognosis. Resveratrol [RES (trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene)], a naturally occurring polyphenol, is enriched in grapes and red wine. This study investigated whether the resveratrol analog HS-1793 modulates the hypoxic status and the level of perfusion in mouse breast cancer FM3A cells. Our data show that HS-1793 decreased the levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor protein under hypoxic conditions in FM3A cells...
October 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Vasilis P Androutsopoulos, Irene Fragiadaki, Demetrios A Spandidos, Androniki Tosca
Resveratrol is a natural dietary product that has demonstrated multifaceted anticancer activity. Several analogues of resveratrol have been synthesized in an effort to enhance the pharmacological potency and improve the pharmacokinetic properties of the compound. 3,4,5,4'‑trans‑tetramethoxystilbene (3,4,5,4'‑TMS) is a methoxylated analogue of resveratrol that has demonstrated anti-proliferative activity in vitro (in cancer cell lines) and in vivo (in xenograft models). In the present study, the anticancer effects of 3,4,5,4'‑TMS in A375 human melanoma cells were examined...
October 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Mirko De Rosso, Stefano Soligo, Annarita Panighel, Roberto Carraro, Antonio Dalla Vedova, Itay Maoz, Diego Tomasi, Riccardo Flamini
Grape dehydration is an oenological process used for the production of high-quality reinforced and sweet wines. Corvina and Raboso Piave are two red grape varieties used for production of high-quality Italian wines, such as Recioto, Amarone di Valpolicella and Raboso Passito. Changes of polyphenolic composition of the grapes as a consequence of the withering were studied by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC/QTOF); for identification of compounds a homemade HR-MS database of grape and wine metabolites, was used...
September 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
Sabine Weiskirchen, Ralf Weiskirchen
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring stilbene endowed with multiple health-promoting effects. It is produced by certain plants including several dietary sources such as grapes, apples, raspberries, blueberries, plums, peanuts, and products derived therefrom (e.g., wine). Resveratrol can be isolated and purified from these biological sources or synthesized in a few steps with an overall high yield. This compound and its glucoside, the trans-polydatin piceid, have received worldwide attention for their beneficial effects on cardiovascular, inflammatory, neurodegenerative, metabolic, and age-related diseases...
July 2016: Advances in Nutrition
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