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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934807/development-of-report-turnaround-times-in-a-university-department-of-radiology-during-implementation-of-a-reformed-curriculum-for-undergraduate-medical-education
#1
Liane Albrecht, Martin H Maurer, Tim Seithe, Joachim Braun, Richard Gummert, Jonas Auer, Keno Sponheuer, Tobias Philipp Meyl, Bernd Hamm, Maximilian de Bucourt
Purpose The implementation of a reformed curriculum for undergraduate medical education with a problem-oriented focus and more bedside teaching in small groups increases the academic teaching workload. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this increase in teaching duties is associated with an increase in report turnaround times of radiologists or increased unplanned absence during term times compared with term breaks (lecture-free periods) and over the whole period under investigation. Materials and Methods The database of all radiological examinations performed at a large German university hospital was retrospectively analyzed for a two-year period from the winter term 2011/12 to the summer term 2013...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934803/two-interesting-cases-of-meralgia-paraesthetica
#2
Christopher David Jones, Luke Guiot, Mark Portelli, Timothy Bullen, Paul Skaife
Meralgia paraesthetica (MP) is a condition originally described by Bernhardt in 1878 and was eventually named by Roth in 1895. It is caused by compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) resulting in varying types of discomfort. Severity of the symptoms can range from mildly uncomfortable to painfully disabling. In this article we discuss 2 patients with a LFCN injury occurring as a result of laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR). The first patient is a 46-year-old female who reported pain and dysesthesia in the left groin and the anterolateral thigh, 2 days post LCR...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934802/intravertebral-vacuum-cleft-and-its-varied-locations-within-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-effect-on-therapeutic-efficacy
#3
Weibo Yu, Xiaobing Jiang, De Liang, Zhensong Yao, Ting Qiu, Linqiang Ye, Shuncong Zhang, Daxiang Jin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high incidence of re-collapse of the augmented vertebrae after percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) with intravertebral vacuum cleft (IVC) during long-term follow-up. Previous IVC might be considered an important predisposing factor for re-collapse, but the prior studies could not find a significant correlation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and distribution characteristics of IVCs and to further assess IVCs in their varied locations...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934797/percutaneous-endoscopic-debridement-and-drainage-with-four-different-approach-methods-for-the-treatment-of-spinal-infection
#4
Eun-Ji Choi, Su-Young Kim, Hyuck-Goo Kim, Hong-Sik Shon, Tae-Kyun Kim, Kyung-Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The incidence of spinal infection seems to be increasing in recent years. Percutaneous endoscopic debridement and drainage (PEDD) has become an effective alternative to extensive open surgery. OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed the charter of patients who received PEDD using 4 different approach methods to evaluate the clinical results. STUDY DESIGN: An Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved retrospective chart review. SETTING: University hospital inpatient referred to our pain clinic...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934788/repeated-ganglion-impar-block-in-a-cohort-of-83-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-and-perineal-pain
#5
Quentin-Come Le Clerc, Thibault Riant, Amelie Levesque, Jean-Jacques Labat, Stephane Ploteau, Roger Robert, Marie-Aimee Perrouin-Verbe, Jerome Rigaud
BACKGROUND: The ganglion impar is the first pelvic ganglion of the efferent sympathetic trunk that relays pelvic and perineal nociceptive messages and therefore constitutes a therapeutic target. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this single-center study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 3 repeated ganglion impar blocks in patients with chronic pelvic and perineal pain on intention-to-treat. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single-center study. SETTING: We reviewed the medical records of 83 patients with chronic refractory pelvic and perineal pain...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934784/sonographic-guidance-for-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-blocks-single-vs-double-injection-cluster-approach
#6
Jung Ju Choi, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Wol Seon Jung, Seung Hyun Chung, Mi Geum Lee
BACKGROUND: The cluster approach for supraclavicular brachial plexus block (SC-BPB) can be easily performed but may result in asymmetric local anesthetic (LA) spread. The authors hypothesized that the use of a cluster approach in each of the 2 planes would achieve better 3-dimensional LA distribution than the traditional single cluster approach. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to compare a double injection (DI) in 2 planes (one injection in each plane) with the traditional single injection (SI) cluster approach for ultrasound-guided SC-BPB...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934746/temperature-probe-placement-during-preterm-infant-resuscitation-a-randomised-trial
#7
Brahim Bensouda, Romain Mandel, Abdelwaheb Mejri, Jean Lachapelle, Marie St-Hilaire, Nabeel Ali
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia on admission to intensive care is associated with poor outcomes in preterm infants. The neonatal resuscitation program recommends the use of servo-control thermoregulation during resuscitation. Very little evidence exists to guide optimal temperature probe placement in the delivery room. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to determine, in moderately preterm infants, if temperature probe placement in the dorsal, thoracic, or axillary area during delivery room resuscitation would result in differing temperatures on admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
September 22, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934620/clinical-utility-and-tolerability-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#8
Venkatachalam Murugaraja, V Shivakumar, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Preeti Sinha, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Neuromodulatory interventions like transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is emerging as a potential therapeutic strategy to promote cognitive function in healthy and pathological aging. There is need for more studies evaluating the utility and tolerability of tDCS in Mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Since MCI is considered as the prodromal stage of dementia, it has emerged as the most important target for intervention in dementia. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This study investigated the feasibility, tolerability and clinical utility of tDCS in patients with MCI...
September 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934521/social-media-use-before-bed-and-sleep-disturbance-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states-a-nationally-representative-study
#9
Jessica C Levenson, Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Jason B Colditz, Brian A Primack
Study Objectives: Social media (SM) use has been positively associated with disturbed sleep among young adults. However, previous studies have not elucidated the specific importance of SM use immediately before bed. We aimed to determine the independent association of SM use during the 30 minutes before bed and disturbed sleep while controlling for covariates including total SM use throughout the day. Methods: We assessed a nationally representative sample of 1763 US young adults aged 19-32...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934337/pyrene-conjugation-and-spectroscopic-analysis-of-hydroxypropyl-methylcellulose-compounds-successfully-demonstrated-a-local-dielectric-difference-associated-with-in-vivo-anti-prion-activity
#10
Kenta Teruya, Ayumi Oguma, Keiko Nishizawa, Hiroshi Kamitakahara, Katsumi Doh-Ura
Our previous study on prion-infected rodents revealed that hydroxypropyl methylcellulose compounds (HPMCs) with different molecular weights but similar composition and degree of substitution have different levels of long-lasting anti-prion activity. In this study, we searched these HPMCs for a parameter specifically associated with in vivo anti-prion activity by analyzing in vitro chemical properties and in vivo tissue distributions. Infrared spectroscopic and thermal analyses revealed no differences among HPMCs, whereas pyrene conjugation and spectroscopic analysis revealed that the fluorescence intensity ratio of peak III/peak I correlated with anti-prion activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934300/synchronizing-the-transcranial-magnetic-pulse-with-electroencephalographic-recordings-effectively-reduces-inter-trial-variability-of-the-pulse-artefact
#11
Leo Tomasevic, Mitsuaki Takemi, Hartwig Roman Siebner
BACKGROUND: Electroencephalography (EEG) can capture the cortical response evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The TMS pulse provokes a large artefact, which obscures the cortical response in the first milliseconds after TMS. Removing this artefact remains a challenge. METHODS: We delivered monophasic and biphasic TMS to a melon as head phantom and to four healthy participants and recorded the pulse artefact at 5 kHz with a TMS-compatible EEG system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934236/automated-computer-assisted-quantitative-analysis-of-intact-murine-lungs-at-the-alveolar-scale
#12
Goran Lovric, Ioannis Vogiatzis Oikonomidis, Rajmund Mokso, Marco Stampanoni, Matthias Roth-Kleiner, Johannes C Schittny
Using state-of-the-art X-ray tomographic microscopy we can image lung tissue in three dimensions in intact animals down to a micrometer precision. The structural complexity and hierarchical branching scheme of the lung at this level of details, however, renders the extraction of biologically relevant quantities particularly challenging. We have developed a methodology for a detailed description of lung inflation patterns by measuring the size and the local curvature of the parenchymal airspaces. These quantitative tools for morphological and topological analyses were applied to high-resolution murine 3D lung image data, inflated at different pressure levels under immediate post mortem conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934195/a-scoring-model-for-predicting-prognosis-of-patients-with-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome
#13
Bei Jia, Xiaomin Yan, Yuxin Chen, Guiyang Wang, Yong Liu, Biyun Xu, Peixin Song, Yang Li, Yali Xiong, Weihua Wu, Yingying Hao, Juan Xia, Zhaoping Zhang, Rui Huang, Chao Wu
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging epidemic infectious disease caused by the SFTS bunyavirus (SFTSV) with an estimated high case-fatality rate of 12.7% to 32.6%. Currently, the disease has been reported in mainland China, Japan, Korea, and the United States. At present, there is no specific antiviral therapy for SFTSV infection. Considering the higher mortality rate and rapid clinical progress of SFTS, supporting the appropriate treatment in time to SFTS patients is critical. Therefore, it is very important for clinicians to predict these SFTS cases who are more likely to have a poor prognosis or even more likely to decease...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933960/the-mechanisms-of-il-17a-on-promoting-tumor-metastasis
#14
Ling-Ling Xu, Zhi-Jun Li, Xiu-Long Niu, Wei-Min Deng
In recent decades, extensive studies have indicated that IL-17A plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis, but the underlying mechanisms are not immediately clear. In this review, we examined the literature from the recent years concerning the study of IL-17A in four kinds of tumor transfer paths, including hematogenous metastasis, lymphatic metastasis, local invasion and transcoelomic metastasis, to summarize the roles and underlying mechanisms of IL-17A on tumor metastasis.
September 21, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933956/relationship-between-reading-and-long-term-storage-and-retrieval-glr-in-college-students
#15
Maria Jesus Avitia, Alan S Kaufman, Melissa Bray, James C Kaufman
The purpose of this study was to (a) identify the relationship between specific types of reading ability, different forms of learning, and long-term memory and retrieval (Glr); and then (b) to determine the degree to which self-assessed reading ability and a Glr measure could predict objective reading ability. College students were administered three different reading assessments from the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition (KTEA-II): word reading, reading comprehension, and nonsense word decoding...
September 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933935/a-smartphone-application-to-reduce-time-to-notification-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#16
Adam Carl Cohen, Frederick Zimmerman, Michael Prelip, Deborah Glik
OBJECTIVES: To measure whether the implementation of Healthvana-an online patient engagement platform and smartphone application-reduced the number of days between sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, notification, and treatment at AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) Wellness Centers. METHODS: We analyzed the retrospective data for 917 male clients who tested positive and received treatment for chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933892/erasing-and-blurring-memories-the-differential-impact-of-interference-on-separate-aspects-of-forgetting
#17
Sol Z Sun, Celia Fidalgo, Morgan D Barense, Andy C H Lee, Jonathan S Cant, Susanne Ferber
Interference disrupts information processing across many timescales, from immediate perception to memory over short and long durations. The widely held similarity assumption states that as similarity between interfering information and memory contents increases, so too does the degree of impairment. However, information is lost from memory in different ways. For instance, studied content might be erased in an all-or-nothing manner. Alternatively, information may be retained but the precision might be degraded or blurred...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933873/is-testing-a-more-effective-learning-strategy-than-note-taking
#18
Ralf Rummer, Judith Schweppe, Kathleen Gerst, Simon Wagner
The testing effect is both robust and generalizable. However, most of the underlying studies compare testing to a rather ineffective control condition: massed repeated reading. This article therefore compares testing with note-taking, which has been shown to be more effective than repeated reading. Experiment 1 is based on a 3 × 3 between-participants design with the factors learning condition (repeated reading vs. repeated testing vs. repeated note-taking) and final test delay (5 min vs. 1 week vs. 2 weeks)...
September 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933870/the-role-of-young-adult-social-bonds-substance-problems-and-sexual-risk-in-pathways-between-adolescent-substance-use-and-midlife-risky-sexual-behavior-among-urban-african-americans
#19
Katarzyna A Zebrak, Kerry M Green
African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections relative to other racial groups. Although substance use has been linked to risky sexual behavior, the understanding of how these associations develop over the life course remains limited, particularly the role of social bonds. This study uses structural equation modeling to examine pathways from adolescent substance use to young adult sexual risk, substance problems, and social bonds and then to midlife risky sexual behavior among African American men and women, controlling for childhood confounders...
September 21, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933805/perioperative-administration-of-buffered-versus-non-buffered-crystalloid-intravenous-fluid-to-improve-outcomes-following-adult-surgical-procedures
#20
REVIEW
Sohail Bampoe, Peter M Odor, Ahilanandan Dushianthan, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero, Suzie Cro, Tong J Gan, Michael Pw Grocott, Michael Fm James, Michael G Mythen, Catherine Mn O'Malley, Anthony M Roche, Kathy Rowan, Edward Burdett
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fluid strategies influence clinical outcomes following major surgery. Many intravenous fluid preparations are based on simple solutions, such as normal saline, that feature an electrolyte composition that differs from that of physiological plasma. Buffered fluids have a theoretical advantage of containing a substrate that acts to maintain the body's acid-base status - typically a bicarbonate or a bicarbonate precursor such as maleate, gluconate, lactate, or acetate...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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