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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906846/computed-tomographic-analysis-the-effects-of-frontal-recess-morphology-and-the-presence-of-anatomical-variations-on-frontal-sinus-pneumatization
#1
Nesibe Gül Yüksel Aslier, Nuri Karabay, Gülşah Zeybek, Pembe Keskinoğlu, Amaç Kiray, Semih Sütay, Mustafa Cenk Ecevit
The aim of this study is to describe the morphology of frontal recess area with its anatomical variations and to reveal if frontal recess morphology and the anatomical variations related to that region have effects on the pneumatization of the frontal sinuses. The frontal sinus and recess morphometry of 136 sides of 68 dry skulls were evaluated on multislice high-resolution computed tomography. The relationships between frontal sinus and frontal recess measurements were analyzed by correlation and linear regression analysis...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901271/hyperostosis-frontalis-interna-in-female-historic-skeletal-populations-age-sex-hormones-and-the-impact-of-industrialization
#2
A G Western, J J Bekvalac
OBJECTIVES: This analysis aims to investigate the impact of industrialization on the prevalence of Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna (HFI), focusing on the roles of age and parity to examine the claim that longevity and changing reproductive patterns have led to increased rates in modern populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 138 individuals from two documented London skeletal assemblages of the Industrial period were analyzed employing macroscopic observation, digital radiography and MicroCT scanning to establish the prevalence rates of HFI according to modern clinical standards...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901220/zarit-burden-interview-psychometric-indicators-applied-in-older-people-caregivers-of-other-elderly
#3
Mariana Bianchi, Leticia Decimo Flesch, Erika Valeska da Costa Alves, Samila Sathler Taveres Batistoni, Anita Liberalesso Neri
Objective: to derive psychometric indicators of construct validity and internal consistence of the Zarit Burden Interview scale for caregivers, describing associations of the scale with metrics related to care demands, coping strategies and depression in aged caregivers. Method: crosscutting descriptive and correlational study. The convenience sample was composed by a hundred and twenty one senior caregivers (Avg=70.5 ± 7.2 years, 73% women). They answered a questionnaire to check the physical and cognitive demands of care, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the California Inventory of Coping Strategies and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879029/progesterone-receptor-and-prostaglandins-mediate-luteinizing-hormone-induced-changes-in-messenger-rnas-for-adamts-proteases-in-theca-cells-of-bovine-periovulatory-follicles
#4
E L Willis, P J Bridges, J E Fortune
Little is known about the ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) family of extracellular proteases in ovarian follicles of non-rodent species, particularly in theca cells. In the present study, temporal patterns of change in mRNA for four ADAMTS subtypes and the hormonal transcriptional regulation of two subtypes were investigated in theca cells during the periovulatory period in cattle. Follicles were obtained at 0 h post-gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH; preovulatory) or at 6, 12, 18, or 24 h after injection of GnRH (periovulatory) to induce a luteinizing hormone (LH)/follicle-stimulating hormone surge...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876666/comparison-of-the-stereotactic-accuracies-of-function-guided-deep-brain-stimulation-calculated-using-multi-track-target-locations-geometrically-inferred-from-three-dimensional-trajectory-rotations-and-of-mri-guided-deep-brain-stimulation-and-outcomes
#5
Seong-Cheol Park, Chong Sik Lee, Seok Min Kim, Eu Jene Choi, Jung Kyo Lee
OBJECTIVE: In previous studies, multi-track trajectories in deep brain stimulation (DBS) have usually been approximated. Using a geometrically more accurate method, we compared the stereotactic accuracy of DBS with multi-track microelectrode recording and awake stimulation (Function-Group), and MRI-guided-DBS (MRI Group). METHODS: One hundred and seventy-two leads used in DBS between April 2014 and January 2016 were evaluated for stereotactic errors. Targets were the subthalamic nucleus (STN, 139 leads) or globus pallidus interna (GPi, 33 leads)...
November 19, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871863/muscular-system-in-interna-of-peltogaster-paguri-rhizocephala-peltogasridae
#6
Aleksei A Miroliubov
Rhizocephalan parasites have a peculiar life cycle, and their adults lost almost all traits found usually in Crustacea. Despite some data on anatomy and ultrastructure of interna of Peltogastridae, some crucial aspects of morphology are still unknown. For example, there is only one mentioning of myocytes found in interna of Rhizophalans (Sacculina carcini). So we aimed at studying the muscular system of the interna of Peltogaster paguri using serial histological sectioning and fluorescent staining (TRITC-labelled phalloidin) with confocal microscopy...
November 18, 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869907/-validazione-del-gambling-disorder-screening-questionnaire-un-questionario-diagnostico-autosomministrato-per-il-gioco-d-azzardo-patologico-basato-sui-criteri-del-dsm-5
#7
Corrado Villella, Marco Pascucci, Chiara de Waure, Antonello Bellomo, Gianluigi Conte
RIASSUNTO. Scopo. Il DSM-5 presenta delle modifiche nei criteri diagnostici per il gioco d'azzardo patologico, rispetto alla precedente edizione del manuale; è pertanto necessario sviluppare nuovi strumenti diagnostici. Questo studio ha valutato le caratteristiche psicometriche del Gambling Disorder Screening Questionnaire (GDSQ), un questionario sviluppato per l'autosomministrazione, basato sui criteri diagnostici del DSM-IV e del DSM-5 per il gioco d'azzardo patologico, misurandone la validità e la consistenza interna e sottoponendo il questionario all'analisi delle componenti principali...
September 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869436/-diagnosis-and-treatment-guideline-asthma-in-children-6-years-update-2016-executive-summary
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853372/post-stroke-dyskinesias
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad Obadah Nakawah, Eugene C Lai
Strokes, whether ischemic or hemorrhagic, are among the most common causes of secondary movement disorders in elderly patients. Stroke-related (vascular) movement disorders, however, are uncommon complications of this relatively common disease. The spectrum of post-stroke movement disorders is broad and includes both hypo- and hyperkinetic syndromes. Post-stroke dyskinesias are involuntary hyperkinetic movements arising from cerebrovascular insults and often present with mixed phenotypes of hyperkinesia which can sometimes be difficult to classify...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832234/stop-bang-questionnaire-translation-to-portuguese-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#10
Lorena Barbosa de Moraes Fonseca, Erika Aparecida Silveira, Nathalia Meireles Lima, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi
Objective: To translate and perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender (STOP-Bang) questionnaire so that it can be used as a screening tool for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in Brazil. Methods: Based on the principles of good practice for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of such instruments, the protocol included the following steps: acquisition of authorization from the lead author of the original questionnaire; translation of the instrument to Brazilian Portuguese, carried out by two translators; reconciliation; back-translation to English, carried out by two English teachers who are fluent in Portuguese; review of the back-translation; harmonization; review and approval of the questionnaire by the original author; cognitive debriefing involving 14 patients who completed the questionnaire; analysis of the results; and review and preparation of the final version of the instrument approved by the review committee...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823957/prediction-of-a-neuropeptidome-for-the-eyestalk-ganglia-of-the-lobster-homarus-americanus-using-a-tissue-specific-de-novo-assembled-transcriptome
#11
Andrew E Christie, Vittoria Roncalli, Matthew C Cieslak, Micah G Pascual, Andy Yu, Tess J Lameyer, Meredith E Stanhope, Patsy S Dickinson
In silico transcriptome mining is a powerful tool for crustacean peptidome prediction. Using homology-based BLAST searches and a simple bioinformatics workflow, large peptidomes have recently been predicted for a variety of crustaceans, including the lobster, Homarus americanus. Interestingly, no in silico studies have been conducted on the eyestalk ganglia (lamina ganglionaris, medulla externa, medulla interna and medulla terminalis) of the lobster, although the eyestalk is the location of a major neuroendocrine complex, i...
November 4, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816186/-transition-process-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-in-patients-with-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-consensus-statement
#12
Jordi Pérez-López, Leticia Ceberio-Hualde, José Salvador García Morillo, Josep M Grau-Junyent, Álvaro Hermida Ameijeiras, Mónica López-Rodríguez, Montserrat Morales-Conejo, Juan José Nava Mateos, Luis José Aldámiz Echevarri Azuara, Jaume Campistol, M Luz Couce, María Teresa García-Silva, Luis González Gutiérrez-Solana, Mireia Del Toro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The transition process from paediatric to adult care is a subject of great interest in recent years, especially in chronic diseases with childhood onset, such as inborn errors of metabolism (IEM). Advances in diagnosis and treatment of these diseases have improved their prognosis, with a high number of patients with IEM who currently reach adult age and need to be attended to by non-paediatric professionals. The objective of this work is to establish action guidelines so that the specialists involved can guarantee a successful transition of these patients' healthcare...
December 2, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810422/ophthalmomyiasis-interna-masquerading-as-orbital-cellulitis
#13
Simon S M Fung, Stephanie J West, Anthony T Moore
Ophthalmomyiasis interna posterior is a rare condition caused by the invasion of the ocular posterior segment by the larval form of certain flies in the order Diptera. The main clinical features are reduced visual acuity, intense posterior uveitis, and neuroretinitis. Treatment of this condition is predominantly surgical, including argon laser photocoagulation for subretinal larva and pars plana vitrectomy for intravitreal infection. We report a case of ophthalmomyiasis interna posterior in a 12-year-old girl that masqueraded as orbital cellulitis and was successfully treated with Nd:YAG laser photodisruption...
October 31, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799898/globus-pallidus-interna-in-tourette-syndrome-decreased-local-activity-and-disrupted-functional-connectivity
#14
Gong-Jun Ji, Wei Liao, Yang Yu, Huan-Huan Miao, Yi-Xuan Feng, Kai Wang, Jian-Hua Feng, Yu-Feng Zang
Globus pallidus interna (GPi) is an effective deep brain stimulation site for the treatment of Tourette syndrome (TS), and plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of TS. To investigate the functional network feature of GPi in TS patients, we retrospectively studied 24 boys with 'pure' TS and 32 age-/education-matched healthy boys by resting state functional magnetic resonance images. Amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and functional connectivity were used to estimate the local activity in GPi and its functional coordinate with the whole brain regions, respectively...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795943/tailored-deep-brain-stimulation-optimization-for-improved-airway-protective-outcomes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Michelle S Troche, Alexandra E Brandimore, Karen W Hegland, Pamela R Zeilman, Kelly D Foote, Michael S Okun
There is no consensus regarding the effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery on swallowing outcomes in Parkinson's disease (PD). No prospective studies have compared airway protective outcomes following DBS to the subthalamic nucleus (STN) versus globus pallidus interna (GPi). A recent retrospective study described swallowing outcomes pre- and post-STN vs. GPi DBS in a cohort of 34 patients with PD. The results revealed that the patients who received GPi DBS maintained their swallowing function post-DBS, while those in the STN group significantly worsened in swallowing safety...
September 2016: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787897/novel-tie-2-inhibitor-bay-826-displays-in-vivo-efficacy-in-experimental-syngeneic-murine-glioma-models
#16
Hannah Schneider, Emese Szabo, Raquel A C Machado, Angela Broggini-Tenzer, Alexander Walter, Mario Lobell, Dieter Heldmann, Frank Süssmeier, Sylvia Grünewald, Michael Weller
Targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling axis in glioblastoma inevitably leads to tumor recurrence and a more aggressive phenotype. Therefore, other angiogenic pathways, like the angiopoietin (ANG) / tunica interna endothelial cell kinase (TIE) signaling axis have become additional targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we explored whether targeting the receptor tyrosine kinase TIE-2 using a novel, highly potent, orally available small molecule TIE-2-inhibitor (BAY-826) improves tumor control in syngeneic mouse glioma models...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780050/the-basal-ganglia-over-500-million-years
#17
REVIEW
Sten Grillner, Brita Robertson
The lamprey belongs to the phylogenetically oldest group of vertebrates that diverged from the mammalian evolutionary line 560 million years ago. A comparison between the lamprey and mammalian basal ganglia establishes a detailed similarity regarding its input from cortex/pallium and thalamus, as well as its intrinsic organisation and projections of the output nuclei. This means that the basal ganglia circuits now present in rodents and primates most likely had evolved already at the dawn of vertebrate evolution...
October 24, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751649/pallidal-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-patients-with-contraindications-to-subthalamic-target-a-3-years-follow-up
#18
Julien Bonenfant, Sophie Drapier, Jean François Houvenaghel, Florian Naudet, Claire Haegelen, Paul Sauleau, Marc Vérin
INTRODUCTION: Over a 3-year period, we monitored the efficacy and safety of deep-brain stimulation of the globus pallidus pars interna in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease whose cognitive, psychiatric impairment and/or dopa-resistant axial motor signs made them ineligible for surgery targeting the subthalamic nucleus. METHODS: A total of 25 patients were assessed before surgery, 1 year and 3 years after surgery, on the UPDRS and a neuropsychological battery...
October 11, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733815/gpi-oscillatory-activity-differentiates-tics-from-the-resting-state-voluntary-movements-and-the-unmedicated-parkinsonian-state
#19
Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, Ilknur Telkes, Ashwin Viswanathan, Nuri F Ince
Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an emerging treatment strategy for severe, medication-refractory Tourette syndrome (TS). Thalamic (Cm-Pf) and pallidal (including globus pallidus interna, GPi) targets have been the most investigated. While the neurophysiological correlates of Parkinson's disease (PD) in the GPi and subthalamic nucleus (STN) are increasingly recognized, these patterns are not well characterized in other disease states. Recent findings indicate that the cross-frequency coupling (CFC) between beta band and high frequency oscillations (HFOs) within the STN in PD patients is pathologic...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725721/time-course-of-coherence-in-the-human-basal-ganglia-during-voluntary-movements
#20
Omid Talakoub, Bogdan Neagu, Kaviraja Udupa, Eric Tsang, Robert Chen, Milos R Popovic, Willy Wong
We are interested in characterizing how brain networks interact and communicate with each other during voluntary movements. We recorded electrical activities from the globus pallidus pars interna (GPi), subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the motor cortex during voluntary wrist movements. Seven patients with dystonia and six patients with Parkinson's disease underwent bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrode placement. Local field potentials from the DBS electrodes and scalp EEG from the electrodes placed over the motor cortices were recorded while the patients performed externally triggered and self-initiated movements...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
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