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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727133/is-unexplained-elevated-maternal-serum-alpha-fetoprotein-still-important-predictor-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcome
#1
Derya Başbuğ, Alper Başbuğ, Cavidan Gülerman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determined the predictive value of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) as a marker for adverse pregnancy outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out at Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital between 2009 and 2010. This study included a total of 1,177 pregnant women, including 170 in the study group and 1,007 in the control group. Pregnancy outcomes and characteristics were analyzed with regard to the MSAFP value...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727121/supplementing-newborn-intrauterine-growth-restricted-piglets-with-a-bolus-of-porcine-colostrum-raises-rectal-temperatures-one-degree-celsius
#2
C Amdi, L L Jensen, N Oksbjerg, C F Hansen
Hyperprolific sows have increased litter sizes but also result in more piglets that have been exposed to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). These IUGR piglets are likely to have a low rectal temperature and lower blood glucose levels compared with normal piglets at birth. Therefore, we hypothesized that a colostrum bolus at birth and/or heat from an external source would have a positive effect on blood glucose levels, rectal temperatures, and growth up to 8 h postpartum. In addition, liver glycogen and blood values at 8 h were investigated...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718186/intrauterine-growth-restriction-iugr-induces-signs-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-6-year-old-infants-despite-absence-of-excessive-growth
#3
Anja Tzschoppe, Rüdiger von Kries, Ellen Struwe, Wolfgang Rascher, Helmuth-Guenther Dörr, Jörg Jüngert, Manfred Rauh, Matthias Beckmann, Ralf Schild, Tamme W Goecke, Jörg Dötsch
Background Postnatal catch-up growth and rapid weight gain after intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) seem to increase the risk for later disease. This study aimed to compare features of the metabolic syndrome early in life between IUGR and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Patients Data for 9 infants with IUGR defined by a birth weight<10(th) percentile and ultrasound-proven placental insufficiency and 11 AGA children were available. Method Postnatal growth, auxological, cardiovascular, and metabolic parameters up to a chronological age of 6 years were assessed: Fasting serum concentrations of LDL-cholesterol, insulin, leptin, IGF-I, DHEAS, skinfold thicknesses, blood pressure, and mean carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT)...
July 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713832/postnatal-growth-in-a-cohort-of-sardinian-intrauterine-growth-restricted-infants
#4
Maria Grazia Clemente, Giampiero Capobianco, Paolo Mattia Galasso, Francesco Dessole, Giuseppe Virdis, Maria Grazia Sanna, Mauro Giorgio Olzai, Lino Argiolas, Salvatore Dessole, Roberto Antonucci
Recent studies have shown that infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) undergo catch-up growth during infancy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the postnatal growth in a cohort of IUGR infants born in a tertiary-level Obstetric University Hospital of Northern Sardinia. An observational retrospective study was conducted on 12 IUGR (group A) and 12 control infants (group B) by measuring the anthropometric parameters of weight (W), length (L) and head circumference (HC) from birth to the 3rd postnatal year...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713510/color-doppler-indices-of-proximal-and-distal-parts-of-middle-cerebral-artery-in-fetuses-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#5
Farhad Naleini, Mohammad Farzizadeh, Abdolmajid Taheri, Ayoob Rostamzadeh, Daryoush Fatehi
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a major clinical issue for pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate color Doppler indices of the proximal and distal parts of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) of the fetus. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 350 pregnant patients, with gestation age of 32-40 who were suspected to have intrauterine growth restriction, participated. The patients were referred for color Doppler sonography at the Imam Reza Hospital (Kermanshah, Iran) from May 2011 to September 2012...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706364/prediction-of-preeclampsia-in-early-pregnancy-by-estimating-the-spot-urinary-albumin-creatinine-ratio
#6
Nupur Gupta, Taru Gupta, Deepti Asthana
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a spot urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR) measured before 20 weeks of gestation can predict subsequent development of preeclampsia. METHODS: The ACR was determined from midstream urine sample taken between 17 and 20 weeks of gestation. Urine albumin was measured by immunoturbidimetric method using commercially available kit (Beckman Coulter) through Beckman AU 480 fully automated biochemistry analyzer. Urine creatinine was measured by modified kinetic Jaffe reaction without deproteinization...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705190/low-dose-aspirin-in-the-prevention-of-recurrent-spontaneous-preterm-labour-the-april-study-a-multicenter-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
Laura Visser, Marjon A de Boer, Christianne J M de Groot, Tobias A J Nijman, Marieke A C Hemels, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Judith E Bosmans, Marjolein Kok, Judith O van Laar, Marieke Sueters, Hubertina Scheepers, Joris van Drongelen, Maureen T M Franssen, J Marko Sikkema, Hans J J Duvekot, Mireille N Bekker, Joris A M van der Post, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Ben W J Mol, Martijn A Oudijk
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks of gestation) is a major problem in obstetrics and affects an estimated 15 million pregnancies worldwide annually. A history of previous preterm birth is the strongest risk factor for preterm birth, and recurrent spontaneous preterm birth affects more than 2.5 million pregnancies each year. A recent meta-analysis showed possible benefits of the use of low dose aspirin in the prevention of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. We will assess the (cost-)effectiveness of low dose aspirin in comparison with placebo in the prevention of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth in a randomized clinical trial...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698954/principles-of-first-trimester-screening-in-the-age-of-non-invasive-prenatal-diagnosis-screening-for-other-major-defects-and-pregnancy-complications
#8
REVIEW
Karl Oliver Kagan, Jiri Sonek, Philipp Wagner, Markus Hoopmann
PURPOSE: First trimester risk assessment plays a major role in the contemporary pregnancy care. It has evolved significantly since its introduction in the 1990s when it essentially consisted of just the nuchal translucency measurement. Today, it involves the measurement of several biophysical and biochemical markers and can assess the risk for a wide array of major chromosomal and non-chromosomal defects as well as other pregnancy-related complications. METHODS: A search of the Medline and Embase databases was done looking for articles about first trimester screening...
July 11, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695336/experimentally-induced-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rabbits-leads-to-differential-remodelling-of-left-versus-right-ventricular-myocardial-microstructure
#9
Julia Schipke, Anna Gonzalez-Tendero, Lidia Cornejo, Alper Willführ, Bart Bijnens, Fatima Crispi, Christian Mühlfeld, Eduard Gratacós
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with foetal cardiac remodelling and dysfunction together with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Experimental data concerning effects of IUGR on cardiomyocyte and microvascularization anatomy are inconsistent and it is unknown whether both ventricles are similarly susceptible to in utero undersupply. Foetal IUGR was induced in pregnant rabbits at 25 days of gestation by selective ligation of uteroplacental vessels. Foetal echocardiography showed systolic and diastolic dysfunction of both ventricles and body and heart weight were significantly reduced in response to IUGR...
July 10, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694782/evaluation-of-abdominal-fetal-electrocardiography-in-early-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#10
Clarissa L Velayo, Kiyoe Funamoto, Joyceline Noemi I Silao, Yoshitaka Kimura, Kypros Nicolaides
Objectives: This descriptive study was performed to evaluate the capability of a non-invasive transabdominal electrocardiographic system to extract clear fetal electrocardiographic (FECG) measurements from intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses and to assess whether abdominal FECG parameters can be developed as markers for evaluating the fetal cardiac status in IUGR. Methods: Transabdominal FECG was attempted in 20 controls and 15 IUGR singleton pregnancies at 20+0-33+6 weeks gestation. Standard ECG parameters were compared between the study groups and evaluated for their correlation...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693373/prenatal-growth-patterns-and-birthweight-are-associated-with-differential-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-of-cardiometabolic-risk-genes-in-human-placentas-a-discovery-based-approach
#11
Pao-Yang Chen, Alison Chu, Wen-Wei Liao, Liudmilla Rubbi, Carla Janzen, Fei-Man Hsu, Shanthie Thamotharan, Amit Ganguly, Larry Lam, Dennis Montoya, Matteo Pellegrini, Sherin U Devaskar
Inherent genetic programming and environmental factors affect fetal growth in utero. Epidemiologic data in growth-altered fetuses, either intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) or large for gestational age (LGA), demonstrate that these newborns are at increased risk of cardiometabolic disease in adulthood. There is growing evidence that the in utero environment leads to epigenetic modification, contributing to eventual risk of developing heart disease or diabetes. In this study, we used reduced representation bisulfite sequencing to examine genome-wide DNA methylation variation in placental samples from offspring born IUGR, LGA, and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and to identify differential methylation of genes important for conferring risk of cardiometabolic disease...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689502/intrauterine-growth-restriction-induced-deleterious-adaptations-in-endothelial-progenitor-cells-possible-mechanism-to-impair-endothelial-function
#12
V Oliveira, L V de Souza, T Fernandes, S D S Junior, M H C de Carvalho, E H Akamine, L C Michelini, E M de Oliveira, M D C Franco
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can induce deleterious changes in the modulatory ability of the vascular endothelium, contributing to an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases in the long term. However, the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Emerging evidence has suggested the potential role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in vascular health and repair. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of IUGR on vascular reactivity and EPCs derived from the peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) in vitro...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689278/maternal-serum-homocysteine-and-uterine-artery-doppler-as-predictors-of-preeclampsia-and-poor-placentation
#13
Ahmed M Maged, Hany Saad, Hadeer Meshaal, Emad Salah, Suzy Abdelaziz, Eman Omran, Wesam S Deeb, Maha Katta
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of maternal serum total Homocysteine (tHcy) and uterine artery (Ut-A) Doppler as predictors of preeclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and other complications related to poor placentation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 500 women with spontaneous pregnancies. tHcy was measured at 15-19 weeks, and then, Ut-A Doppler was performed at 18-22 weeks of pregnancy...
July 8, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679621/maternal-methyl-donor-and-cofactor-supplementation-in-late-pregnancy-increases-%C3%AE-cell-numbers-at-16-days-of-life-in-growth-restricted-twin-lambs
#14
Siti A Sulaiman, Miles J De Blasio, M Lyn Harland, Kathryn L Gatford, Julie A Owens
Restricted growth before birth (IUGR) increases adult risk of Type 2 diabetes by impairing insulin sensitivity and secretion. Altered fetal one-carbon metabolism is implicated in developmental programming of adult health and disease by IUGR. We therefore evaluated effects of maternal dietary supplementation with methyl donors and cofactors (MMDS), designed to increase fetal supply, on insulin action in the spontaneously IUGR twin lamb. In vivo glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity were measured at d 12-14 in singleton controls (CON, n=7 lambs from 7 ewes), twins (IUGR, n=8 lambs from 8 ewes), and twins from ewes that received MMDS (2 g rumen-protected methionine, 300 mg folic acid, 1...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679164/maternal-placenta-modulates-a-deleterious-fetal-mutation
#15
Hongen Xu, Hubert Pausch, Heli Venhoranta, Karolina Rutkowska, Christine Wurmser, Beate Rieblinger, Tatiana Flisikowska, Dmitrij Frishman, Lech Zwierzchowski, Ruedi Fries, Magnus Andersson, Alexander Kind, Angelika Schnieke, Krzysztof Flisikowski
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is caused by dysregulation of placental metabolism. Paternally inherited IUGR mutations in the fetus influence maternal physiology via the placenta. However, it is not known whether the maternal placenta also affects the extent of IUGR in such fetuses. In cattle and other ruminants, maternal-fetal communication occurs primarily at the placentomes. We previously identified a 3' deletion in the non-coding MIMT1 gene that, when inherited from the sire, causes IUGR and late abortion in Ayshire cattle with variable levels of severity...
June 29, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676687/maternal-htra3-optimizes-placental-development-to-influence-offspring-birth-weight-and-subsequent-white-fat-gain-in-adulthood
#16
Ying Li, Lois A Salamonsen, Jonathan Hyett, Fabricio da Silva Costa, Guiying Nie
High temperature requirement factor A3 (HtrA3), a member of the HtrA protease family, is highly expressed in the developing placenta, including the maternal decidual cells in both mice and humans. In this study we deleted the HtrA3 gene in the mouse and crossed females carrying zero, one, or two HtrA3-expressing alleles with HtrA3(+/-) males to investigate the role of maternal vs fetal HtrA3 in placentation. Although HtrA3(-/-) mice were phenotypically normal and fertile, HtrA3 deletion in the mother resulted in intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR)...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673081/enteral-feeding-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-preterm-infants-theoretical-risks-and-practical-implications
#17
Valentina Bozzetti, Paolo E Tagliabue
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) infants are thought to have impaired gut function after birth secondary to intrauterine redistribution of the blood flow, due to placental insufficiency, with a consequent reduction of gut perfusion. For this reason, infants complicated by IUGR have been considered at higher risk of feeding intolerance. Postnatal evaluation of splanchnic perfusion, through Doppler of the superior mesenteric artery, and of splanchnic oxygenation, through near infrared spectroscopy measurements, may be useful in evaluating the persistence (or not) of the redistribution of blood flow occurred in utero...
June 28, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670938/the-effect-of-low-dose-aspirin-on-fetal-weight-of-idiopathic-asymmetrically-intrauterine-growth-restricted-fetuses-with-abnormal-umbilical-artery-doppler-indices-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Mohammed K Ali, Ahmed M Abbas, Ali H Yosef, Mostafa Bahloul
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of aspirin on fetal weight in fetuses with idiopathic asymmetrical intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) complicated by abnormal umbilical artery Doppler indices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled trial conducted at Woman's Health Hospital, Assiut, Egypt, between June 2016 and the January 2017 included 60 pregnant women (28-30 weeks) with idiopathic asymmetrical IUGR associated with abnormal umbilical artery Doppler indices...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670543/prevalence-of-thyroid-peroxidase-antibody-and-pregnancy-outcome-in-euthyroid-autoimmune-positive-pregnant-women-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-haryana
#19
Rajesh Rajput, Tekchand Yadav, Shashi Seth, Smiti Nanda
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of thyroid peroxidase autoantibody in euthyroid pregnant women and to evaluate the association between thyroid peroxidase autoantibody and pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand thirty consecutive pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic over a period of 1 year and were carrying a healthy singleton uncomplicated intrauterine pregnancy and consuming iodized salt were recruited for the study. Outcomes of the pregnancy was compared between TPO antibody positive euthyroid women (group 1) and TPO antibody negative euthyroid women (group 2)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662449/maternal-exposure-to-selenium-and-cadmium-fetal-growth-and-placental-expression-of-steroidogenic-and-apoptotic-genes
#20
Todd M Everson, Maya Kappil, Ke Hao, Brian P Jackson, Tracy Punshon, Margaret R Karagas, Jia Chen, Carmen J Marsit
BACKGROUND: Cadmium (Cd) and selenium (Se) antagonistically influence redox balance and apoptotic signaling, with Cd potentially promoting and Se inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis. Alterations to placental redox and apoptotic functions by maternal exposure to Cd and Se during pregnancy may explain some of the Cd and Se associations with fetal development. OBJECTIVES: Investigate associations between Cd and Se concentrations in maternal toenails with placental expression patterns of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and steroidogenic genes involved in redox reactions and test associations with fetal growth...
June 26, 2017: Environmental Research
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