keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

engorgement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333831/-mammary-hemangioma-in-an-infant-with-apparent-mastitis-case-report
#1
Cristina Rodríguez Jiménez, Concepción Míguez Navarro, Minia Campos Domínguez, Carmen Garrido Colino
Mammary pathology is infrequent during childhood. It is rare the probability of finding a breast mass in an infant. The most frequent possible diagnoses at this age are breast abscess, mastitis, breast engorgement due to maternal hormonal stimulation and hemangioma. Reaching the proper diagnosis is essential in order to apply a suitable treatment and avoid the potential disease complications. We present the case of a female infant having a mass in the right breast from birth. Initially the entity was treated as mastitis...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331341/effects-of-the-gut-liver-axis-on-ischemia-mediated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-recurrence-in-the-mouse-liver
#2
Lorenzo A Orci, Stéphanie Lacotte, Vaihere Delaune, Florence Slits, Graziano Oldani, Vladimir Lazarevic, Carlo Rossetti, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Philippe Morel, Christian Toso
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is growing evidence that liver graft ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence, but the involved mechanisms are unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis that mesenteric congestion due to portal blood flow interruption induces endotoxin-mediated Toll-Like Receptor 4 (Tlr4) engagement, resulting in elevated liver cancer burden. We also assessed the role of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in this context. METHODS: C57Bl/6j mice were exposed to standardized models of liver I/R injury and RIPC, by occluding hepatic and femoral blood vessels...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305369/radius-maumenee-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-glaucoma
#4
Sara Homem de Melo Marques, Cláudia Farinha, Amélia Martins, Pedro Faria
Case presentation of a 41-year-old woman with long-standing bilateral eye injection whose clinical findings included bilateral episcleral vessel engorgement and tortuosity, raised intraocular pressure with open iridocorneal angles and left optic disc cupping. All remaining objective examination was normal. She underwent cranial and orbits CT and CT-angiography scans which were unremarkable. Optical coherence tomography of the peripapillary nerve fibre layer and automated perimetry were compatible with advanced glaucomatous damage on the left eye...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297094/evaluation-of-a-semi-automated-in-vitro-feeding-system-for-dermacentor-reticulatus-and-ixodes-ricinus-adults
#5
Bettina Böhme, Christoph Krull, Peter-Henning Clausen, Ard M Nijhof
The long feeding duration of ixodid ticks and need for regular blood changes turns the artificial feeding of ticks into a tedious process. To reduce the number of blood changes, a semi-automated system (SAS) for the artificial feeding of hard ticks was developed and evaluated. It consisted of a glass feeding reservoir that can accommodate six tick feeding chambers. A peristaltic pump was used to pump blood through the feeding reservoir, which was changed once daily. Groups of Dermacentor reticulatus and Ixodes ricinus adults were fed simultaneously in both the SAS and a conventional in vitro feeding system...
January 3, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282130/what-does-not-kill-it-makes-it-weaker-effects-of-sub-lethal-concentrations-of-ivermectin-on-the-locomotor-activity-of-anopheles-aquasalis
#6
Vanderson de Souza Sampaio, Gustavo Bueno da Silva Rivas, Kevin Kobylinski, Yudi Tatiana Pinilla, Paulo Filemon Paolluci Pimenta, José Bento Pereira Lima, Rafaela Vieira Bruno, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major public health concern. Vector control measures based solely on insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) have demonstrated not to be feasible for malaria elimination. It has been shown that ivermectin affects several aspects of Anopheles species biology. Along the Latin American seacoast, Anopheles aquasalis Curry plays an important role in malaria transmission. The observation of mosquitoes locomotor activity under laboratory conditions can reveal details of their daily activity rhythms, which is controlled by an endogenous circadian clock that seems to be influenced by external signals, such as light and temperature...
December 28, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261659/assessment-of-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-for-filariae-detection-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes
#7
Djamel Tahir, Lionel Almeras, Marie Varloud, Didier Raoult, Bernard Davoust, Philippe Parola
Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is an emerging tool for routine identification of bacteria, archaea and fungi. It has also been recently applied as an accurate approach for arthropod identification. Preliminary studies have shown that the MALDI-TOF MS was able to differentiate whether ticks and mosquitoes were infected or not with some bacteria and Plasmodium parasites, respectively. The aim of the present study was to test the efficiency of MALDI-TOF MS tool in distinguishing protein profiles between uninfected mosquitoes from specimens infected by filarioid helminths...
December 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251712/prediction-of-traumatic-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-via-non-contrast-ct-by-fracture-pattern-and-abnormality-of-venous-system
#8
Shih-Hsuan Mao, Tzu-Chin Lin, Chih-Hao Chen, Pang-Yun Chou, Shang-Yu Wang, Yon-Cheong Wong, Chien-Tzung Chen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (tCCF) is infrequent but with high morbidity if delayed diagnosed or managed. Due to the lack of screening criteria and requirement of advanced and invasive radiological examinations, diagnosis is often delayed or underdiagnosed. METHODS: A matched case-control study with univariate and multivariate analysis was conducted to predict tCCFs. Forty-six patients diagnosed with tCCFs were included and matched with 138 patients of craniofacial trauma without tCCF as control at a ratio of 1:3...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248773/spine-surgery-complicated-by-an-engorged-lumbar-epidural-venous-plexus-from-cerebral-spinal-fluid-over-shunting-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Vance L Fredrickson, Arati Patel, Martin H Pham, Ben A Strickland, Ifije Ohiorhenuan, Thomas Chen
BACKGROUND: Over-shunting of cerebral spinal fluid may lead to intracranial hypotension and dilation of spinal epidural veins. Radiculopathy may rarely occur secondary to these engorged spinal epidural veins. In addition, the etiology of the radiculopathy may be obscured by concomitant spinal degenerative changes. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of a 29-year-old female with positional headaches from intracranial hypotension in the setting of cerebral spinal fluid over-shunting...
December 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248738/identification-of-immature-stages-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-using-maldi-tof-ms-and-mapping-of-mass-spectra-during-sand-fly-life-cycle
#10
Petr Halada, Kristyna Hlavackova, Vit Dvorak, Petr Volf
The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for the species identification of sand flies at different developmental stages and map changes in their protein profiles during the course of whole life cycle. Specimens of six different species from laboratory colonies at larval and pupal stages were examined using MALDI-TOF MS. The protein profiles of larvae were stable from the L2 to L4 developmental stages and clearly distinguishable at the species level...
December 14, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243339/causes-and-mechanisms-of-adipocyte-enlargement-and-adipose-expansion
#11
REVIEW
F Haczeyni, K S Bell-Anderson, G C Farrell
Adipose tissue plays a significant role in whole body energy homeostasis. Obesity-associated diabetes, fatty liver and metabolic syndrome are closely linked to adipose stress and dysfunction. Genetic predisposition, overeating and physical inactivity influence the expansion of adipose tissues. Under conditions of constant energy surplus, adipocytes become hypertrophic and adipose tissues undergo hyperplasia so as to increase their lipid storage capacity, thereby keeping circulating blood glucose and fatty acids below toxic levels...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242567/a-coxiella-mutualist-symbiont-is-essential-to-the-development-of-rhipicephalus-microplus
#12
Melina Garcia Guizzo, Luís Fernando Parizi, Rodrigo Dutra Nunes, Renata Schama, Rodolpho M Albano, Lucas Tirloni, Daiane Patrícia Oldiges, Ricardo Pilz Vieira, Wanderson Henrique Cruz Oliveira, Milane de Souza Leite, Sergio A Gonzales, Marisa Farber, Orlando Martins, Itabajara da Silva Vaz, Pedro L Oliveira
The cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus is a hematophagous ectoparasite that causes important economic losses in livestock. Different species of ticks harbor a symbiont bacterium of the genus Coxiella. It was showed that a Coxiella endosymbiont from R. microplus (CERM) is a vertically transmitted mutualist symbiont, comprising 98% of the 16S rRNA sequences in both eggs and larvae. Sequencing of the bacterial genome revealed genes for biosynthetic pathways for several vitamins and key metabolic cofactors that may provide a nutritional complement to the tick host...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242494/incidental-anatomic-finding-of-celiacomesenteric-trunk-associated-with-nutcracker-phenomenon-or-compression-of-the-left-renal-vein
#13
Joshua Peterson, Anthony N Hage, Stephan Diljak, Benjamin D Long, Daniel P Marcusa, John M Stribley, David W Brzezinski, Jonathan Eliason
BACKGROUND Celiacomesenteric trunk (CMT) is a very rare anatomic finding in which the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) originate from the abdominal aorta through a common trunk. Clinical associations with CMT include arterial aneurysm, thrombosis, and celiac artery compression. However, an association between CMT and abdominal venous congestion caused by left renal vein compression, or 'nutcracker phenomenon,' has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT A 91-year-old woman, who died from a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), underwent a cadaveric examination at our medical school...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233973/parasitised-feathered-dinosaurs-as-revealed-by-cretaceous-amber-assemblages
#14
Enrique Peñalver, Antonio Arillo, Xavier Delclòs, David Peris, David A Grimaldi, Scott R Anderson, Paul C Nascimbene, Ricardo Pérez-de la Fuente
Ticks are currently among the most prevalent blood-feeding ectoparasites, but their feeding habits and hosts in deep time have long remained speculative. Here, we report direct and indirect evidence in 99 million-year-old Cretaceous amber showing that hard ticks and ticks of the extinct new family Deinocrotonidae fed on blood from feathered dinosaurs, non-avialan or avialan excluding crown-group birds. A †Cornupalpatum burmanicum hard tick is entangled in a pennaceous feather. Two deinocrotonids described as †Deinocroton draculi gen...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199635/melatonin-elicits-stimulatory-action-on-the-adrenal-gland-of-soay-ram-morphometrical-immunohistochemical-and-ultrastructural-study
#15
Doaa M Mokhtar, Manal T Hussein, Ahmed H S Hassan
Endogenous melatonin is a hormone secreted by pineal gland; it has several roles in metabolism, reproduction, and remarkable antioxidant properties. Studies on the melatonin effect on the adrenal glands which are important endocrine organs, controlling essential physiological functions, are still deficient. In this study, we attempted to investigate the effect of exogenous melatonin treatment on the adrenal cortex and medulla using several approaches. Adrenal glands of 15 Soay ram were examined to detect the effect of melatonin treatment...
December 4, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197422/the-acaricidal-speed-of-kill-of-orally-administered-fluralaner-against-poultry-red-mites-dermanyssus-gallinae-on-laying-hens-and-its-impact-on-mite-reproduction
#16
Maria D Brauneis, Hartmut Zoller, Heike Williams, Eva Zschiesche, Anja R Heckeroth
BACKGROUND: Dermanyssus gallinae, the poultry red mite, is a growing threat to chickens in poultry farms. This nocturnal hematophagous ectoparasite has a rapid rate of proliferation with a negative impact on the birds' health, welfare and productivity resulting in severe economic consequences for poultry farmers. A study was performed with fluralaner, a novel systemic ectoparasiticide, to evaluate its effect on mite vitality and reproduction after oral administration to laying hens. METHODS: Sixteen healthy hens were randomly allocated to two study groups (n = 8)...
December 2, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197022/endosymbiont-cls-hi-plays-a-role-in-reproduction-and-development-of-haemaphysalis-longicornis
#17
Chun-Mian Zhang, Ning-Xin Li, Tian-Tian Zhang, Zhao-Xi Qiu, Yuan Li, Li-Wu Li, Jing-Ze Liu
Coxiella-like endosymbiont (CLS-Hl) is a primary endosymbiont of Haemaphysalis longicornis. CLS-Hl infects tick special tissues and its prevalence is 100% in ovaries and Malpighian tubules. Tetracycline was injected into females, which then fed on rabbits also treated with tetracycline. The densities of CLS-Hl were measured by semi-quantitative PCR. CLS-Hl densities in ovaries and Malpighian tubes of H. longicornis had significant effects on engorged weight, feeding time, number of eggs, oviposition period, and hatching period...
December 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192720/resolution-of-reactive-angioendotheliomatosis-in-an-arteriovenous-fistula-with-innominate-vein-angioplasty
#18
Voranaddha Vacharathit, Steven D Billings, Lee Kirksey
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistulae (AVF)-associated reactive angioendotheliomatosis (RAE) is a very rare entity (three previously reported cases in the literature) that can manifest as extremity wounds. RAE's etiopathology is unknown. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of severe limb-threatening upper extremity wound with pathology-proven RAE. This lesion was previously refractory to standard wound care. There was no evidence of limb ischemia or steal syndrome, previously deemed to be the underlying cause of AVF-associated RAE in other reports...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189951/ticks-and-bacterial-tick-borne-pathogens-in-piemonte-region-northwest-italy
#19
Dario Pistone, Massimo Pajoro, Eva Novakova, Nadia Vicari, Cesare Gaiardelli, Roberto Viganò, Camilla Luzzago, Matteo Montagna, Paolo Lanfranchi
A molecular screening for tick-borne pathogens was carried out in engorged and in questing ticks collected in Verbano Cusio Ossola county, Piemonte region, Italy. Engorged ticks were removed from wild and domestic animal hosts. The most abundant and common tick species in the area was Ixodes ricinus (192 adults, 907 nymphs). Few individuals of Ixodes hexagonus (15) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (7) were found among the ticks removed from domestic animals (46 examined ticks). The presence of Rickettsia spp., Borrelia burgdorferi sensu latu, Francisella tularensis and Coxiella burnetii was evaluated by PCR and sequencing in 392 individuals of I...
December 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174448/conspecific-hyperparasitism-an-alternative-route-for-borrelia-hermsii-transmission-by-the-tick-ornithodoros-hermsi
#20
Brandi N Williamson, Tom G Schwan
Ixodid and argasid ticks may hyperparasitize other individuals of their own species to acquire a blood meal, however most accounts are based on single observations and the behavior has rarely been studied. While maintaining laboratory colonies of Ornithodoros species, we noticed that unfed ticks occasionally fed on other ticks that were feeding on mice, and unfed ticks parasitized engorged ticks when confined together in tubes. Therefore, we investigated hyperparasitism by Ornithodoros hermsi and the ability of these ticks to acquire and transmit the relapsing fever spirochete Borrelia hermsii when feeding on other ticks...
November 21, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
keyword
keyword
103996
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"