keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

engorgement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203193/recurrent-uveal-effusion-after-laser-iridotomy
#1
Hiroshi Sakai, Michiko Yonahara, Miyako Sakai
A 59-year-old woman was seen by an ophthalmologist for blurred vision, ocular pain, headache, and nausea. She was diagnosed with acute primary angle closure (APAC) and successfully treated with medications. Using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM), engorged episcleral vein was observed and small uveal effusion was diagnosed after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). The uveal effusion disappeared and was again diagnosed by UBM together with anterior segment inflammation with ocular pain. Iritis caused by LPI after APAC might be a cause of uveal effusion in this specific case...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187834/pyrethroid-resistance-in-iranian-field-populations-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-annulatus
#2
Seyyed Payman Ziapour, Sadegh Kheiri, Mahmoud Fazeli-Dinan, Farzaneh Sahraei-Rostami, Reza Ali Mohammadpour, Mohsen Aarabi, Seyed Hassan Nikookar, Mohammad Sarafrazi, Fatemeh Asgarian, Ahmadali Enayati, Janet Hemingway
Resistance to acaricides in ticks is becoming increasingly widespread throughout the world; therefore, tick control requires resistance monitoring for each tick species. The aims of this study were to monitor the susceptibility status of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus (Acari: Ixodidae), against pyrethroid acaricides from Mazandaran Province, northern Iran, and where resistance was evident, and establish the possible underlying mechanisms. Fully engorged adult R. (B.) annulatus females collected on cattle from Mazandaran Province...
March 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170298/progesterone-containing-gel-does-not-eliminate-postpartum-breast-engorgement
#3
Nikolay P Alekseev
BACKGROUND: Severe breast engorgement can cause substantial discomfort for mothers and interfere with an infant's ability to feed at the breast. The aim of the study was to clarify the possibility that the percutaneous progesterone-containing gel (Progestogel) can eliminate severe postpartum breast engorgement in lactating women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty three patients were examined. The Progestogel for transdermal therapy in an amount of 2.5-3 g was applied to the breast...
February 7, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170295/after-chemotherapy-treatment-for-maternal-cancer-during-pregnancy-is-breastfeeding-possible
#4
Stephen Stopenski, Anum Aslam, Xinmin Zhang, Elyce Cardonick
OBJECTIVE: To report breastfeeding complaints of women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy and correlate success with characteristics of their treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy who attempted breastfeeding. We surveyed participants about breast engorgement, milk let down, and consistent breast milk production through mailed questionnaires. Treatment details, including the type and number of chemotherapy cycles given during pregnancy and antepartum or postpartum depression, were collected...
February 7, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164062/case-report-of-mimicry-between-synovial-hemangioma-and-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-shoulder
#5
Justin Colanese, Akin Cil, Nkem Egekeze, Kamani Lankachandra, Suhel Kotwal
INTRODUCTION: Synovial hemangioma is a developmental hamartoma of vascular tissue within the synovium; no cases involving the shoulder girdle have been described in the literature. Synovial chondromatosis is a benign condition in which synovial cells undergo metaplasia into hyaline cartilage and is also thought to infrequently affect the shoulder region. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old female presented with left shoulder pain of 7-year duration. Magnetic resonance image displayed a 2...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150885/blood-feeding-of-ornithodoros-turicata-larvae-using-an-artificial-membrane-system
#6
H J Kim, S Filatov, J E Lopez, A A Pérez DE León, P D Teel
An artificial membrane system was adapted to feed Ornithodoros turicata (Ixodida: Argasidae) larvae from a laboratory colony using defibrinated swine blood. Aspects related to larval feeding and moulting to the first nymphal instar were evaluated. A total of 55.6% of all larvae exposed to the artificial membrane in two experimental groups fed to repletion and 98.0% of all fed larvae moulted. Mortality rates of first instar nymphs differed significantly depending on the sorting tools used to handle engorged larvae (χ(2)  = 35...
February 2, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148282/optimization-of-an-artificial-tick-feeding-assay-for-dermacentor-reticulatus
#7
Christoph Krull, Bettina Böhme, Peter-Henning Clausen, Ard M Nijhof
BACKGROUND: The development of standardized in vitro feeding methods for ixodid ticks has been hampered by their complex feeding behaviour and the long duration of their blood meal. In this study, we aimed to optimize several parameters for the in vitro feeding of adult Dermacentor reticulatus. METHODS: Ticks were fed on heparinized bovine blood collected at a slaughterhouse, using a modified silicone membrane feeding assay. Effects on tick feeding and fecundity of different blood meal treatments (freezing, irradiation, addition of antibiotics), ambient conditions (increased CO2 concentration) and phagostimulant use (addition of 2 g/l and 4 g/l glucose to the blood meal) were systematically evaluated...
February 2, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104979/neutropenic-enterocolitis
#8
REVIEW
Fabio G Rodrigues, Giovanna Dasilva, Steven D Wexner
Neutropenic colitis is a severe condition usually affecting immunocompromised patients. Its exact pathogenesis is not completely understood. The main elements in disease onset appear to be intestinal mucosal injury together with neutropenia and the weakened immune system of the afflicted patients. These initial conditions lead to intestinal edema, engorged vessels, and a disrupted mucosal surface, which becomes more vulnerable to bacterial intramural invasion. Chemotherapeutic agents can cause direct mucosal injury (mucositis) or can predispose to distension and necrosis, thereby altering intestinal motility...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099555/modulation-of-the-ultradian-human-nasal-cycle-by-sleep-stage-and-body-position
#9
Richard E Frye, Deborah F Rosin, Adrian R Morrison, Fidias E Leon-Sarmiento, Richard L Doty
Objective: The nasal cycle, which is present in a significant number of people, is an ultradian side-to-side rhythm of nasal engorgement associated with cyclic autonomic activity. We studied the nasal cycle during REM/non-REM sleep stages and examined the potentially confounding influence of body position on lateralized nasal airflow. Methods: Left- and right-side nasal airflow was measured in six subjects during an eight-hour sleep period using nasal thermistors...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091384/determination-the-role-of-rhipicephalus-sanguineus-for-transmission-of-leishmania-major-to-reservoir-animals
#10
Hüseyin Bilgin Bilgiç, Serkan Bakırcı, Onur Köse, Ayça Aksulu, Selin Hacılarlıoğlu, Tülin Karagenç
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the role of Rhipicephalus sanguineus in the transmission of Leishmania major, the etiological agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. METHODS: Ten gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) were infected with promastigotes of L. major, and 10 gerbils were maintained as controls. In a controlled environment, 2000 R. sanguineus larvae were fed to two gerbils. Following feeding to gerbils, 65 tick pools were prepared from the engorged larvae and molted unfed nymphs...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076020/structure-of-the-medullary-veins-of-the-cerebral-hemisphere-and-related-disorders
#11
Toshiaki Taoka, Akio Fukusumi, Toshiteru Miyasaka, Hisashi Kawai, Toshiki Nakane, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Shinji Naganawa
Deep medullary veins drain into subependymal veins with four convergence zones and show parallel distribution patterns adjacent to the body or inferior horn and a radial pattern in the frontal horn or trigon of the lateral ventricle. As white matter imaging develops such as diffusion tensor imaging or susceptibility-weighted imaging, requirements for understanding of white matter structures are increasing, not only for understanding of neuronal tracts but also for that of other structures including the fine anatomy of white matter vessels...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063831/life-cycle-and-parasitic-competence-of-dermacentor-nitens-neumann-1897-acari-ixodidae-on-different-animal-species
#12
Vinicius da Silva Rodrigues, Marcos Valério Garcia, Breno Cayeiro Cruz, Willian Giquelin Maciel, Namor Pinheiro Zimmermann, Wilson Werner Koller, Jacqueline Cavalcante Barros, Renato Andreotti
The objective of this study was to evaluate the life cycle and parasitic competence of Dermacentor nitens (Neumann, 1897) on different animal species. Experimental infestations were induced in five specimens each of seven species of possible hosts: rabbits, horses, sheep, cows, guinea pigs, birds and dogs. Rabbits were infested in the ear using artificial feeding chambers, and the horses, sheep, cows and dogs were infested in the ear without feeding chambers. For the infestation of guinea pigs, artificial feeding chambers were fixed on the back...
December 31, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063218/cyclic-glycine-proline-accelerates-mammary-involution-by-promoting-apoptosis-and-inhibiting-igf-1-function
#13
Gagandeep Singh-Mallah, Christopher D McMahon, Jian Guan, Kuljeet Singh
In rodents, post-lactational involution of mammary glands is characterized by the loss of mammary epithelial cells via apoptosis, which is associated with a decline in the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Overexpression of IGF-1 delays involution by inhibiting apoptosis of epithelial cells and preserving the remaining secretory alveoli. Cyclic-glycine-proline (cGP), a metabolite of IGF-1, normalizes IGF-1 function under pathological conditions by regulating the bioavailability of IGF-1. The present study investigated the effect of cGP on the physiological decline in IGF-1 function during post-lactational mammary involution...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062992/a-new-species-of-hepatozoon-miller-1908-apicomplexa-adelerina-from-the-snake-philodryas-nattereri-steindachner-squamata-dipsadidae-in-northeastern-brazil
#14
Diva M Borges-Nojosa, M Juliana Borges-Leite, João P Maia, Djan Zanchi-Silva, Roberta da Rocha Braga, D James Harris
Based on both unique morphological characteristics of the gamont, distinct changes caused to the host erythrocyte and analysis of partial 18S rRNA gene sequences, a new parasite of the genus Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 is described from the snake Philodryas nattereri Steindachner (Squamata: Dipsadidae) in northeastern Brazil. The new species, Hepatozoon musa n. sp., is characterized by large and curved mature gamonts (18.9 ± 0.9 μm in length and 3.8 ± 0.3 μm in width) that considerably engorge infected host erythrocytes and displace the nucleus laterally, which become longer and thinner...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058537/in-vivo-efficacy-of-a-biotherapic-and-eugenol-formulation-against-rhipicephalus-microplus
#15
Paula Pimentel Valente, Gustavo Henrique Ferreira Abreu Moreira, Matheus Ferreira Serafini, Elias Jorge Facury-Filho, Antônio Último Carvalho, André Augusto Gomes Faraco, Rachel Oliveira Castilho, Múcio Flávio Barbosa Ribeiro
The control of Rhipicephalus microplus is essential to prevent cattle discomfort and economic losses. However, increased resistance and acaricides inefficiency lead producers to adopt strategies that could result in the accumulation of chemical residues in meat and milk with possibilities of poisoning in animals and people. This scenario demonstrates the necessity of research into the identification of novel, effective and environmentally safe therapeutic options for cattle tick control. The objectives of this study were to develop and assess the efficacy of R...
January 5, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054584/inefficient-co-feeding-transmission-of-borrelia-afzelii-in-two-common-european-songbirds
#16
Dieter J A Heylen, Hein Sprong, Aleksandra Krawczyk, Natalie Van Houtte, Dolores Genné, Andrea Gomez-Chamorro, Kees van Oers, Maarten J Voordouw
The spirochete bacterium Borrelia afzelii is the most common cause of Lyme borreliosis in Europe. This tick-borne pathogen can establish systemic infections in rodents but not in birds. However, several field studies have recovered larval Ixodes ricinus ticks infected with B. afzelii from songbirds suggesting successful transmission of B. afzelii. We reviewed the literature to determine which songbird species were the most frequent carriers of B. afzelii-infected I. ricinus larvae and nymphs. We tested experimentally whether B...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043800/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-bm05br-antigen-from-rhipicephalus-microplus
#17
María Fernanda Alzugaray, Luís Fernando Parizi, Adriana Seixas, Uruguaysito Benavides, Itabajara da Silva Vaz
Rhipicephalus microplus is a cattle-specific tick, causing considerable losses in the livestock industry. The identification of molecules responsible for modulation of host defenses during different parasite stages can help in the development of alternative methods, such as vaccination, to control tick infestations. Hq05, a protein of unknown function identified in the tick Haemaphysalis qinghaiensis, induced a significant protective immune response when used as a vaccine in sheep. In the present study, we investigated Bm05br, the Hq05 homologous gene from R...
December 15, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040562/enzootic-origins-for-clinical-manifestations-of-lyme-borreliosis
#18
Setareh Jahfari, Aleksandra Krawczyk, E Claudia Coipan, Manoj Fonville, Joppe W Hovius, Hein Sprong, Katsuhisa Takumi
Both early localized and late disseminated forms of Lyme borreliosis are caused by Borrelia burgdorferi senso lato. Differentiating between the spirochetes that only cause localized skin infection from those that cause disseminated infection, and tracing the group of medically-important spirochetes to a specific vertebrate host species, are two critical issues in disease risk assessment and management. Borrelia burgdorferi senso lato isolates from Lyme borreliosis cases with distinct clinical manifestations (erythema migrans, neuroborreliosis, acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, and Lyme arthritis) and isolates from Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on rodents, birds and hedgehogs were typed to the genospecies level by sequencing part of the intergenic spacer region...
December 28, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028629/histologic-parameters-for-detecting-multiple-blood-meals-in-aedes-albopictus-skuse-diptera-culicidae-during-a-single-gonotrophic-cycle
#19
Abeer S Yamany, Fatma K Adham, Heinz Mehlhorn
The histologic technique was used for its usefulness in detecting multiple blood feedings in Aedes albopictus during a single gonotrophic cycle. In a laboratory study, in which 200 blood-engorged Ae. albopictus mosquito females during a 3-day period were examined, 69% (138/200) of these females imbibed two blood meals when the interval between meals was from 8 to 48 h and the time between the second blood meal and fixation ranged from 0 to 32 h. At the interval outside this range, only 23% of the multiple meals were detected when using histologic parameters...
December 27, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028139/relationships-between-maternal-engorgement-weight-and-the-number-size-and-fat-content-of-larval-ixodes-scapularis-acari-ixodidae
#20
Howard S Ginsberg, Chong Lee, Barry Volson, Megan C Dyer, Roger A Lebrun
The relationship between engorgement weight of female Ixodes scapularis Say and characteristics of offspring was studied using field-collected females fed on rabbits in the laboratory. The number of eggs laid was positively related to maternal engorgement weight in one trial, and larval size (estimated by scutal area) was positively related to maternal engorgement weight in the other. These results suggest a trade-off in number of eggs produced versus average size of offspring, possibly determined during late engorgement...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
keyword
keyword
103996
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"