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Agnetha Hofhuis, Jan van de Kassteele, Hein Sprong, Cees C van den Wijngaard, Margriet G Harms, Manoj Fonville, Arieke Docters van Leeuwen, Mariana Simões, Wilfrid van Pelt
BACKGROUND: Understanding and quantification of the risk of Lyme borreliosis after a tick bite can aid development of prevention strategies against Lyme borreliosis. METHODS: We used 3,525 single tick bite reports from three large prospective studies on the transmission risk of tick-borne pathogens to humans, with 50 reports of Lyme borreliosis during the follow-up period, among 1,973 reports with known outcome. A structural equation model was applied to estimate the risk of Lyme borreliosis after a tick bite, and quantify the influence of: developmental stage of the tick, detection of Borrelia burgdorferi s...
2017: PloS One
Thyago H S Cardoso, Stephen Lu, Boris R G Gonzalez, Ricardo J S Torquato, Aparecida S Tanaka
The Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is an exclusive bovine ectoparasite responsible for the transmission of pathogens that decrease meat, leather and milk productions. Cattle vaccination is an alternative to control tick infestations, but the discovery of potential antigens is still a challenge for researchers. Recently, our group performed a midgut transcriptome of engorged R. microplus tick, and out of 800 ESTs sequences one cystatin-coding sequence was identified and named Rmcystatin-4. In order to understand the physiological role of Rmcystatin-4, the aim of this work was the expression, purification and functional characterization of a novel type 2 cystatin from the tick R...
July 20, 2017: Biochimie
Nagila Francinete Costa Secundino, Barbara Aparecida Chaves, Alessandra Silva Orfano, Karine Renata Dias Silveira, Nilton Barnabe Rodrigues, Thais Bonifácio Campolina, Rafael Nacif-Pimenta, Luiz Eduardo Martinez Villegas, Breno Melo Silva, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda, Douglas Eric Norris, Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta
BACKGROUND: Zika disease has transformed into a serious global health problem due to the rapid spread of the arbovirus and alarming severity including congenital complications, microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Zika virus (ZIKV) is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of an infective mosquito, with Aedes aegypti being the main vector. METHODS: We successfully developed a ZIKV experimental transmission model by single infectious Ae. aegypti bite to a laboratory mouse using circulating Brazilian strains of both arbovirus and vector...
July 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Ariel Loza, Adrianna Talaga, Gladys Herbas, Ruben Jair Canaviri, Thalia Cahuasiri, Laura Luck, Alvaro Guibarra, Raquel Goncalves, Juan Antonio Pereira, Sonia A Gomez, Albert Picado, Louisa Alexandra Messenger, Caryn Bern, Orin Courtenay
BACKGROUND: Despite large-scale reductions in Chagas disease prevalence across Central and South America, Trypanosoma cruzi infection remains a considerable public health problem in the Gran Chaco region where vector-borne transmission persists. In these communities, peridomestic animals are major blood-meal sources for triatomines, and household presence of infected dogs increases T. cruzi transmission risk for humans. To address the pressing need for field-friendly, complementary methods to reduce triatomine infestation and interrupt T...
July 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
D Tahir, B Davoust, L Almeras, J M Berenger, M Varloud, P Parola
An ectoparasiticide combining three active ingredients [dinotefuran, permethrin and pyriproxyfen (DPP)] was used in mice in an experiment designed to evaluate its anti-feeding and insecticidal efficacy against Stegomyia albopicta (= Aedes albopictus) (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes. Twenty-two adult mice were randomly allocated into two groups consisting of an untreated control group and a DPP-treated group. Mice were exposed individually for 1 h to a mean ± standard deviation of 27 ± 2 starved female mosquitoes on days 1, 7, 14, 21 and 28 post-treatment...
July 17, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Kerim Aslan, Hediye Pinar Gunbey, Leman Tomak, Zafer Ozmen, Lutfi Incesu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of combination quantitative metrics (mamillopontine distance [MPD], pontomesencephalic angle, and mesencephalon anterior-posterior/medial-lateral diameter ratios) with qualitative signs (dural enhancement, subdural collections/hematoma, venous engorgement, pituitary gland enlargements, and tonsillar herniations) provides a more accurate diagnosis of intracranial hypotension (IH). METHODS: The quantitative metrics and qualitative signs of 34 patients and 34 control subjects were assessed by 2 independent observers...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Luis A Marcos, Zengmin Yan
A 54 year-old healthy woman presented to the emergency department with a right sided facial paralysis. About 3 weeks ago, she woke up and noticed an attached engorged tick in her right lower extremity. A week later, she noticed a mild to moderate right jaw pain which progressed to a severe right facial pain so she visited her doctor. On physical, II to XII cranial nerve examination was unremarkable. Doppler ultrasound did not show any vascular abnormalities in temporal artery. Her inflammatory markers were within normal limits (C-reactive protein:0...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Inna Ioffe-Uspensky, Igor Uspensky
Prostriate ticks (subfamily Ixodinae, genus Ixodes) can copulate and the females can be inseminated before attachment to the host. In tests with Ixodes persulcatus females collected in the field and fed without males on the host, it was shown that this preprandial insemination is necessary and sufficient for successful engorgement and oviposition if female feeding took place in up to 1 month after collection. A 2-month period between preprandial insemination and female feeding was followed by a significant decrease in the proportion of normally engorged females and significant increase in egg mortality...
July 6, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Michael Sniderman
A 59-year-old patient presented to the chronic pain clinic with a 6-week history of worsening lumbar back pain, bilateral thigh pain, and unilateral radiculopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed mild discogenic and facetogenic disease, but significant epidural venous plexus engorgement compressing the thecal sac. The patient reported previous treatment by a vascular surgeon for May-Thurner Syndrome, a type of inferior vena caval obstruction, yet had not experienced these specific complaints. A discussion with the radiologist confirmed worsening of the patient's May-Thurner Syndrome was the likely cause of the patient's symptoms...
July 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
Elen Anatriello, Carlo José Freire Oliveira, Nathália Baptista Oliveira, Andressa Fisch, Cristiane Maria Milanezi, João Santana da Silva, Isabel Kinney Ferreira de Miranda-Santos, Beatriz Rossetti Ferreira
BACKGROUND: It has recently been demonstrated that saliva from Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks contains adenosine (ADO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), two non-protein molecules that have significant immunomodulatory properties. These molecules can inhibit cytokine production by dendritic cells (DCs), while also reducing the expression of CD40 in these cells. However, more studies are needed for a better understanding of their participation in the feeding of ticks in vivo. This work, therefore, evaluated the importance of ADO during tick infestations...
July 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Andrea Frustaci, Cristina Chimenti, Dana Doheny, Robert J Desnick
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease, an X-linked lysosomal storage disease, results from deficient α-galactosidase A (α-GalA) activity and the systemic accumulation of α-galactosyl-terminated glycosphingolipids. Two major phenotypes, "Classic" and "Later-Onset", lead to renal failure, and/or cardiac disease, and early demise. To date, the evolution and progression of the cardiac pathology and resultant clinical manifestations in family members of phenotype have not been well characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a Classic family with nine affected members (GLA mutation c...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
E Klang, M Eifer, U Kopylov, V Belsky, S Raskin, E Konen, M M Amitai
AIM: To assess the frequency of undetected colon cancer on conventional abdominal CT and to evaluate the imaging features that are characteristic of those cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included consecutive patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer at colonoscopy (2006-2015) who also underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) performed for various reasons within a year prior to the colonoscopy. The frequency of undetected lesions was evaluated for the original CT interpretations ("original readers")...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Radiology
M Aktas, S Ozubek
This study aimed to assess the occurrence of canine haemoplasma infection in domestic dogs and its possible trans-stadial transmission by Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (Ixodida: Ixodidae) in shelter dogs in Diyarbakır Province in southeast Turkey. Blood samples (n = 282) collected from domestic dogs were analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the presence of canine haemoplasma. Fully engorged nymphs (n = 204) were removed from dogs that were positive for canine haemoplasma by PCR and maintained in an incubator at 28 °C for moulting...
July 7, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
I Gama, H Proença, A Gonçalves, M Faria, L Almeida, T Bernardo, R Couceiro, M Monteiro-Grillo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the macular choroidal thickness (CT) of eyes subjected to pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) whether or not combined with encircling scleral buckling (ESB) surgery for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair at 6 months or more after surgery. METHODS: This observational study included: 15 eyes (15 patients) submitted to combined ESB+PPV; 15 eyes submitted to PPV and their respective 30 normal fellow eyes (FE). Two 6mm lineal perpendicular optical coherence tomography B-scans centred on the fovea with enhanced depth imaging were performed on each eye...
July 3, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Tian-Tian Zhang, Jin-Cheng Zhang, Xue-Jiao Cui, Jing-Jing Zheng, Ru Li, Fang Wang, Jing-Ze Liu, Yong-Hong Hu
BACKGROUND: Haemaphysalis longicornis is a blood-sucking ectoparasite that can cause diseases by transmitting some pathogens to humans and animals. Paramyosin (Pmy) is an immunomodulatory protein, which plays an important role in immune reactions against parasites. In this study, we evaluated the immune protection elicited by recombinant plasmids encoding H. longicornis Pmy in rabbits. RESULTS: Rabbits vaccinated with pcDNA3.1(+)-Pmy developed high level of IgG compared to control group, suggesting that humoral immune response was induced by vaccination...
July 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
G C P Diyes, D A Apanaskevich, R S Rajakaruna
Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides Supino, 1897 (Ixodida: Ixodidae) is a three-host hard tick widely distributed in Sri Lanka. The lifecycle of the R. haemaphysaloides population in Sri Lanka was studied under laboratory conditions using fully engorged females collected from dogs. Larvae, nymphs and adults were reared on New Zealand rabbits. Engorged females weighed a mean ± standard deviation (SD) of 470.1 ± 106.5 mg and laid a mean ± SD of 4067.4 ± 3136.2 eggs within 16.1 ± 3.7 days...
July 3, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Cory M Alvey, Kyle R Spinler, Jerome Irianto, Charlotte R Pfeifer, Brandon Hayes, Yuntao Xia, Sangkyun Cho, P C P Dave Dingal, Jake Hsu, Lucas Smith, Manu Tewari, Dennis E Discher
Marrow-derived macrophages are highly phagocytic, but whether they can also traffic into solid tumors and engulf cancer cells is questionable, given the well-known limitations of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Here, SIRPα on macrophages from mouse and human marrow was inhibited to block recognition of its ligand, the "marker of self" CD47 on all other cells. These macrophages were then systemically injected into mice with fluorescent human tumors that had been antibody targeted. Within days, the tumors regressed, and single-cell fluorescence analyses showed that the more the macrophages engulfed, the more they accumulated within regressing tumors...
July 24, 2017: Current Biology: CB
Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Anna-Bella Failloux
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has dispersed in the Americas since 2013, and its range of distribution has overlapped large forested areas. Herein, we assess vector competence of two sylvatic Neotropical mosquito species, Haemagogus leucocelaenus and Aedes terrens, to evaluate the risk of CHIKV to initiate a sylvatic cycle in the continent. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Haemagogus leucocelaenus and Ae. terrens from the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil were orally challenged with the two CHIKV lineages circulating in the Americas...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Yoshio Nakao, Tohru Tanigawa, Rei Shibata
RATIONALE: Tick infestation of the external auditory canal (EAC) constitutes <1% of all patients presenting with ear complaints. Consequently, parameters for the diagnosis and management of ticks in the EAC have not been established. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report 2 cases of EAC infestation by Amblyomma testudinarium in 2 female patients, aged 12- and 72 years old. DIAGNOSES INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: In both patients, otoscopic examination revealed engorged ticks attached to the ear canal...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
A Ajiya, A D Salisu, Ogb Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinosinusitis is clinically defined as a symptomatic disorder of the nose induced by an IgE-mediated inflammation following allergen exposure to the membrane lining of the nose. It constitutes a global health problem. Both allergic rhinosinusitis and bronchial asthma are systemic inflammatory conditions that often coexist. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study are to assess the pattern of allergic rhinosinusitis and to correlate nasal symptom score with lung volumes of patients with allergic rhinosinusitis...
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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