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Lichen sclerosus

Leen Aerts, Rachel S Rubin, Michael Randazzo, Sue W Goldstein, Irwin Goldstein
INTRODUCTION: The glans clitoris is covered by a prepuce that normally moves over the glans surface and can be retracted beyond the corona. Clitoral adhesions, ranging from mild to severe, occur when preputial skin adheres to the glans. Physical examination consistent with clitoral adhesions is based on the inability to visualize the entire glans corona. In this closed compartment, the space underneath the adherent prepuce and clitoris can become irritated, erythematous, or infected and can result in sexual dysfunction...
March 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
F Hinten, A Molijn, L Eckhardt, L F A G Massuger, W Quint, P Bult, J Bulten, W J G Melchers, J A de Hullu
BACKGROUND: Two etiologic pathways for vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are described: in a background of lichen sclerosus and/or differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia and related to high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) as precursor. The aim was to compare the predilection site and survival of HPV-related to non HPV-related vulvar SCCs. METHODS: Data of patients treated for primary vulvar SCC at the Radboudumc between March 1988 and January 2015 were analyzed...
March 16, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Monica Currò, Tiziana Russo, Nadia Ferlazzo, Daniela Caccamo, Pietro Antonuccio, Salvatore Arena, Saveria Parisi, Patrizia Perrone, Riccardo Ientile, Carmelo Romeo, Pietro Impellizzeri
Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder, considered the male genital variant of lichen sclerosus. Anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used in BXO. We evaluated the effects of an innovative formulation of ozonated olive oil with vitamin E acetate (OZOILE® ) on the inflammatory status and tissue remodeling in male children with BXO. The mRNA transcripts of proteins involved either in inflammation or in dynamics of tissue regeneration were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR, in foreskins affected by BXO removed from patients untreated or treated with OZOILE® cream for 7 days before circumcision...
March 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Emily A Dell, Rachel Y N Miest, Christine M Lohse, Rochelle R Torgerson
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory disease most commonly affecting the genital area of women. LS-associated vulvar neoplasms are known to occur (1). Treatment of LS is thought to possibly reduce malignancy risk. However, whether medical treatment of LS can prevent vulvar neoplasms is unclear (2,3). We performed a single-institution, retrospective chart review to identify vulvar neoplasm occurrence in women with biopsy-proven genital LS and to determine whether a correlation exists between LS treatments and vulvar neoplasm occurrence...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Rafał Białynicki-Birula, Radomir Reszke, Jacek C Szepietowski
Introduction: Morphea and lichen sclerosus (LS) are chronic inflammatory diseases that may pose a diagnostic challenge for a physician. High-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) is a versatile diagnostic method utilized in dermatologic practice, allowing monitoring the course of the disease, treatment response and differentiation between certain skin disorders. Aim: To prove the usefulness of HFUS in differentiating between plaque morphea and extragenital LS lesions...
October 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Natalia Rakislova, Laia Alemany, Omar Clavero, Marta Del Pino, Adela Saco, Beatriz Quirós, Belen Lloveras, Maria Alejo, Gordana Halec, Wim Quint, Silvia de Sanjosé, Jaume Ordi
Most human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated vulvar squamous cell carcinomas (VSCCs) originate from high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, also named usual type vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. However, growing evidence suggests that morphologic studies have limitations in predicting HPV status in vulvar lesions. We aimed to evaluate adjacent intraepithelial lesions in a series of DNA HPV-positive VSCCs, focusing on unusual histologic patterns mimicking differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN) or lichen sclerosus (LS)...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Matthew Howard, Anthony Hall
Vulval lichen planus-lichen sclerosus overlap is an emerging observation. Few clinical reports exist with no reviews of literature. We present a focused update of this phenomenon and discuss a clinical case. We report a 63-year-old woman with a 20-year history of ulcerative vulvo-vaginitis, initially diagnosed as benign mucous membrane (cicatricial) pemphigoid. This led to prolonged treatment with oral corticosteroids with minimal improvement in symptoms. Subsequent complications of long-term use of systemic corticosteroid ensued...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Carol Emi Bretschneider, Sarah M Share, Marie Fidela R Paraiso
BACKGROUND: Severe labial agglutination can be refractory to outpatient management and can lead to voiding dysfunction in postmenopausal women. Labial agglutination is often a sequela of long-standing inflammatory processes, which include untreated lichen planus, lichen sclerosus, and atrophic vaginitis. CASE: An 82-year-old parous woman presented with severe labial agglutination and complete obstruction of her vaginal introitus, causing obstructive voiding symptoms...
February 27, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
J Xavier, P Vieira-Baptista, A Moreira, R Portugal, J Beires, V Tanos
Background: Lichen sclerosus most commonly affects the genital area. Contrarily to lichen planus, the involvement of the oral or vaginal mucosa is rare. Only four cases of vaginal lichen sclerosus have been described in the literature. Case report: The authors report two cases of postmenopausal women with a history of vulvar pruritus and burning. Both presented with lesions of the vaginal mucosa compatible with lichen sclerosus, and genital prolapse. Vaginal biopsies confirmed the diagnosis...
September 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
Tania Day, Geoff Otton, Ken Jaaback, Julie Weigner, James Scurry
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess for the presence of vulvar lichen planus (LP) in association with human papillomavirus (HPV)-independent squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a clinicohistopathologic review of consecutive vulvectomies and wide local excisions for HPV-independent vulvar or vaginal SCC from 2007 to 2017. Data collected included site of SCC, adjacent precursor lesions and dermatoses, dermatologic treatment, and outcome...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
F Lacarrubba, A E Verzì, M Ardigò, G Micali
BACKGROUND: The term balanitis includes a variety of inflammatory skin diseases involving the glans penis whose clinical diagnosis may be challenging. A biopsy is often required to obtain a definitive diagnosis, although it is barely accepted by patients. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM), that provides a real-time, en face imaging of the epidermis and upper dermis, is currently utilized for the diagnosis of some neoplastic and inflammatory skin diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the RCM handheld findings of some common balanitis and to correlate them with dermatoscopy and histopathological features...
February 18, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
Abha Goyal, Gloria Zhang, Bin Yang
The two main precursors of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma, usual and differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), have distinctive etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history. Usual type VIN is often associated with high-risk HPV and differentiated VIN has de novo p53 genetic alterations that are unrelated to HPV infection. GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA3) is a tumor suppressor that shows increased expression in several types of human malignancies including breast and bladder carcinomas. Little is known regarding the expression of GATA3 in vulvar squamous neoplasms...
February 13, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
A Iglesias-Plaza, E Del Alcázar-Viladomiu, C Paret-Sanz, P Umbert-Millet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Fahad A Alyami, Zhoobin Heidari Bateni, Raken Odeh, Walid A Farhat, Martin Koyle
INTRODUCTION: Circumcision is one of the most widely performed procedures in the world. One of the indications for circumcision is Lichen sclerosis (LS). The natural history of LS in children is not as well-documented as in adult patients. Surgeons use the appearance of the foreskin or meatus to predict the diagnosis of LS. 1 Indeed, if the diagnosis of LS is made in childhood, does it change management in the long term? Pathological analysis of the excised foreskin is routinely done if there is suspicion of LS...
February 6, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Keiko Wakumoto, Hiroyuki Goto, Kazunari Sugita, Ayako Ito, Osamu Yamamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Semiu E Folaranmi, Harriet J Corbett, Paul D Losty
PURPOSE: To determine whether treatment of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LS), with topical steroids reduces the rate of circumcision. METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed a literature search of studies reporting treatment of LS with topical steroids using EMBASE and MEDLINE database(s). INCLUSION CRITERIA: boys aged 0-18 years, clinical diagnosis of LS, treatment with topical steroids. Literature reviews, studies of phimosis without LS and adult patients were excluded...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Allen F Morey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Urology
Annarosa Virgili, Alessandro Borghi, Simone Cazzaniga, Anna DI Landro, Luigi Naldi, Sara Minghetti, Maria T Fierro, Anna Verrone, Marzia Caproni, Giuseppe Micali, Valeria Gaspari, Manuela Papini, Vito DI Lernia, Lerica Germi, Giampiero Girolomoni, Anna Belloni Fortina, Serafinella P Cannavò, Roberta Bilenchi, Monica Corazza
BACKGROUND: Studies specifically conducted to assess gender differences in genital lichen sclerosus (GLS) are not available. This multicenter study aimed to identify possible gender-related differences on GLS clinical features, history and course, through collecting data from a large mixed-sex sample of patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on 729 subjects (53.8% females, 46.2% males) affected with GLS, consecutively observed within a network of 15 Italian dermatology units...
January 24, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Joel M H Teichman, Miles Mannas, Dirk M Elston
Noninfectious penile lesions are classified by clinical presentation as papulosquamous (e.g., psoriasis), inflammatory (e.g., lichen sclerosus, lichen nitidus, lichen planus), vascular (e.g., angiokeratomas), or neoplastic (e.g., carcinoma in situ, invasive squamous cell carcinoma). Psoriasis presents as red or salmon-colored plaques with overlying silvery scales, often with extragenital cutaneous lesions. Lichen sclerosus presents as a phimotic, hypopigmented prepuce or glans penis with a cellophane-like texture...
January 15, 2018: American Family Physician
G Kirtschig
Lichen sclerosus is a chronic, inflammatory dermatosis that usually affects the anogenital area. Early diagnosis and subsequent long-term anti-inflammatory treatment may reduce symptoms and signs and the risk of a mutilating course and the development of carcinomas.
January 16, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
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