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review 2016 approach

Behrouz Golichenari, Rahim Nosrati, Aref Farokhi-Fard, Khalil Abnous, Farzam Vaziri, Javad Behravan
Tuberculosis is a major global health problem caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) complex. According to WHO reports, 53 million TB patients died from 2000 to 2016. Therefore, early diagnosis of the disease is of great importance for global health care programs. The restrictions of traditional methods have encouraged the development of innovative methods for rapid, reliable, and cost-effective diagnosis of tuberculosis. In recent years, aptamer-based biosensors or aptasensors have drawn great attention to sensitive and accessible detection of tuberculosis...
June 11, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Luca Ferrario, Pietro Zerbi, Maria Rachele Angiolini, Alberto Agarossi, Eliana Riggio, Andrea Bondurri, Piergiorgio Danelli
INTRODUCTION: Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is an uncommon disease featured by the presence of multiple nodules of smooth muscle cells scattered in the abdominal cavity. To date only about 150 cases have been reported in literature. We report a case of recurrent LPD after laparotomy. CASE PRESENTATION: In March 2016 a 36-year-old female, with a history of multiple previous laparoscopic myomectomies, consulted her gynaecologist complaining abdominal pain; a MRI was performed and reported multiple pelvic masses, subsequently excised during laparotomy...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
T Hotfiel, R Seil, W Bily, W Bloch, A Gokeler, R M Krifter, F Mayer, P Ueblacker, L Weisskopf, M Engelhardt
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are some of the most common injuries in sports; they have a high recurrence rate and can result in the loss of ability to participate in training or competition. In clinical practice, a wide variety of treatment strategies are commonly applied. However, a limited amount of evidence-based data exists, and most therapeutic approaches are solely based on "best practice". Thus, there is a need for consensus to provide strategies and recommendations for the treatment of muscle injuries...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Emily Shepherd, Rehana A Salam, Philippa Middleton, Shanshan Han, Maria Makrides, Sarah McIntyre, Nadia Badawi, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term that encompasses disorders of movement and posture attributed to non-progressive disturbances occurring in the developing foetal or infant brain. As there are diverse risk factors and aetiologies, no one strategy will prevent cerebral palsy. Therefore, there is a need to systematically consider all potentially relevant interventions for prevention. OBJECTIVES: PrimaryTo summarise the evidence from Cochrane Systematic Reviews regarding effects of neonatal interventions for preventing cerebral palsy (reducing cerebral palsy risk)...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Robbie S R Woods, Lina Geyer, Ana Ionescu, Deirdre Callanan, Patrick Sheahan
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is controversial. There is increasing evidence that, in selected cases, minimally invasive transoral surgery can offer improved functional outcomes, with equivalent oncologic outcomes, compared to chemoradiotherapy. AIMS: We report the outcomes of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for treatment of OPSCC at our institution. METHODS: Patients with OPSCC undergoing TLM at the South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital, Cork, between 2010 and 2016, were identified from an institutional database...
June 21, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
William Liu, Thomas Walsh
BACKGROUND: A goal of effective electronic health record provider documentation platforms is to provide an efficient, concise, and comprehensive notation system that will effectively reflect the clinical course, including the diagnoses, treatments, and interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to fully redesign and standardize the provider documentation process, seeking improvement in documentation based on ongoing All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Group-based coding records, while maintaining noninferiority comparing provider satisfaction to our existing documentation process...
June 20, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
Debrework Tesgera Bashah, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Mezgebu Yitayal Mengistu
BACKGROUND: Women with fistula live in a state of distress and in fear of their future life. An obstetric fistula has a devastating impact on affected women and their families. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence from published articles on the consequences of obstetric fistula on women who endure the condition. METHODS: The consequences were systematically reviewed from purely qualitative and mixed method primary studies. The literatures were searched through the search engines Google, Google scholar, Hinari using Pub Med data bases, and citation tracking...
June 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Z Ouyang, J P Sun, X L Tian, J J Zhai
Objective: To explore the entrance and suture method of umbilical incision in gynecological laparoscopy. Methods: A total of 204 cases of gynecologic laparoscopy in our hospital from 2013 to 2016 were reviewed respectively. All the cases used two kinds of approach of umbilical incision: intra-umbilical incision and peri-umbilical incision (longitudinal/transverse oblique/arc incision according to the bellybutton natural skin folds) and two methods of suture: the suture of "U" and the suture of the whole subcutaneous tissue...
June 5, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Bram Tilburgs, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Raymond Koopmans, Hans van Gennip, Yvonne Engels, Marieke Perry
BACKGROUND: Due to the disease's progressive nature, advance care planning (ACP) is recommended for people with early stage dementia. General practitioners (GPs) should initiate ACP because of their longstanding relationships with their patients and their early involvement with the disease, however ACP is seldom applied. AIM: To determine the barriers and facilitators faced by GPs related to ACP with people with dementia. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched the relevant databases for papers published between January 1995 and December 2016, using the terms: primary healthcare, GP, dementia, and ACP...
2018: PloS One
Tiago Ribeiro Schmalfuss, Egidio Picetti, Helena Messinger Pakter
The diagnosis of angle-closure glaucoma secondary to iridociliary cysts is challenging and lacks compiled literature support. We present a rare case of bilateral angle-closure glaucoma associated with pseudoplateau iris due to multiple ciliary cysts and conducted a systematic review of the literature to find similar case reports published between November 2006 and November 2016. Only 19 case reports present treatment modalities, and most cases required more than one therapeutic approach for controlling the intraocular pressure...
June 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Joon-Hyop Lee, Hee Kyung Ahn, Jae Yeon Seok, Kyu-Chan Lee, Yong Soon Chun, Yoo Seung Chung, Young Don Lee
There is little consensus on the optimal treatment approach for newly diagnosed patients. The present study aims to provide additional evidence by evaluating a series of patients diagnosed with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and analyzing factors related to increased survival. This was a retrospective cohort report structured according to the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guideline. Demographics, chief complaint, history of prior thyroid cancer, stage at presentation, management modalities (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or observation), completeness or resection, and survival period since initial diagnosis were reviewed for patients with documentation of histologic ATC diagnosis between 2003 and 2016...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Alexandra Schulz, Benedikt Ribitsch, Paul Christian Fuchs, Alexandra Lipensky, Jennifer Lynn Schiefer
OBJECTIVE: Because genital burns are rare, only limited information on treatment guidelines is available in the literature. Vital tissue should be preserved to promote spontaneous healing because reconstruction does not always lead to satisfying results. The aim of this report is to present a general overview of current, prevailing treatment for genital burns and compare this to study authors' experiences. In addition, the article describes an entirely new approach of tissue-preserving bromelain-based enzymatic debridement of genital burn wounds...
July 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Melanie R Hoehn, Natasha Z Hansraj, Amelia M Pasley, Megan Brenner, Samantha R Cox, Jason D Pasley, Jose J Diaz, Thomas Scalea
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock is the second leading cause of death in blunt trauma and a significant cause of mortality in non-trauma patients. The increased use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) as a bridge to definitive control for massive hemorrhage has provided promising results in the trauma population. We describe an extension of this procedure to our hemodynamically unstable non-trauma patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients requiring REBOA for end stage non-traumatic abdominal hemorrhage from our tertiary care facility...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Joana A Cabrita, Isabel Pinheiro, L Menezes Falcão
Sepsis is a major global health problem and represents a challenge for physicians all over the world. The knowledge of sepsis and septic shock is a topic of interest among the scientific community and society in general. New guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock were developed in 2016, providing an update on this area. In Sepsis-3 new definitions for sepsis and septic shock were published. The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss and compare the new criteria of 2016 with the old criteria, purposing at the same time an alternative approach for this topic...
June 16, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
David S Smithson, Tannys D R Vause, Anthony P Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To review current non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic options for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). OPTIONS: This guideline reviews the evidence for the various options for ovulation induction in PCOS. OUTCOMES: Ovulation, pregnancy and live birth rates, risks, and side effects are the outcomes of interest. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of Medline using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words spanning from 2000 to 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Lara A Kahale, Maram B Hakoum, Ibrahim G Tsolakian, Charbel F Matar, Irene Terrenato, Francesca Sperati, Maddalena Barba, Victor Ed Yosuico, Holger Schünemann, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Cancer increases the risk of thromboembolic events, especially in people receiving anticoagulation treatments. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs), direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for the long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in people with cancer. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted a literature search including a major electronic search of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE (Ovid), and Embase (Ovid); handsearching conference proceedings; checking references of included studies; use of the 'related citation' feature in PubMed and a search for ongoing studies in trial registries...
June 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jacob Januszewski, Andrew C Vivas, Konrad Bach, Shashank V Gandhi, Jason Paluzzi
BACKGROUND: Reported complication rates for minimally invasive lateral transpsoas interbody fusion (MIS-LIF) vary widely. The risk of lumbar plexus injury is particularly concerning at the L4-5 disc space. We report our experience with MIS-LIF at L4-5, and discuss the risk profile of transpsoas approaches at this level. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety of MIS-LIF at the L4/5 level. METHODS: This was a retrospective, IRB-approved cohort study performed at a single institution from 2011 to 2016...
February 22, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Nurudeen Olalekan Oloso, Shamsudeen Fagbo, Musa Garbati, Steve O Olonitola, Emmanuel Jolaoluwa Awosanya, Mabel Kamweli Aworh, Helen Adamu, Ismail Ayoade Odetokun, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as a global health threat, which has elicited a high-level political declaration at the United Nations General Assembly, 2016. In response, member countries agreed to pay greater attention to the surveillance and implementation of antimicrobial stewardship. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control called for a review of AMR in Nigeria using a “One Health approach”. As anecdotal evidence suggests that food animal health and production rely heavily on antimicrobials, it becomes imperative to understand AMR trends in food animals and the environment...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gregorio González-Alcaide, Alejandro Salinas, José M Ramos
BACKGROUND: Chagas cardiomyopathy is a serious and common complication of Chagas disease. METHODS: Through bibliometric and Social Network Analysis, we examined patterns of research on Chagas cardiomyopathy, identifying the main countries, authors, research clusters, and topics addressed; and measuring the contribution of different countries. RESULTS: We found 1932 documents on Chagas cardiomyopathy in the MEDLINE database. The most common document type was 'journal article', accounting for 79...
June 18, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Hannah J Voorhees, Erik N Sorensen, Chetan Pasrija, Francesca M Boulos, Si M Pham, Bartley P Griffith, Zachary N Kon
OBJECTIVE: Several centers have presented minimally invasive surgical approaches to centrifugal left ventricular assist device implantation. Although minimally invasive implantation has been successfully performed by experienced surgeons, at large implanting centers, it is unknown whether these techniques are widely adoptable. We evaluated the experience of a surgeon early in his career with conventional and minimally invasive approaches to device implantation. METHODS: All consecutive left ventricular assist device implantations by a single surgeon in the first year of practice (2015-2016) were retrospectively reviewed...
June 15, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
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