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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243977/factors-predicting-reoperation-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-following-primary-surgical-evacuation
#1
Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi, Martina Stippler, Siyu Shi, Nimer Adeeb, Raghav Gupta, Christoph J Griessenauer, Efstathios Papavassiliou, Ekkehard M Kasper, Jeffrey Arle, Ron L Alterman, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas
OBJECTIVE Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is commonly encountered in neurosurgical practice. However, surgical evacuation remains complicated by a high rate of reoperation. The optimal surgical approach to reduce the reoperation rate has not been determined. In the current study, the authors evaluated the prognostic value of clinical and radiographic factors to predict reoperation in the context of CSDH. METHODS A retrospective review of 325 CSDH patients admitted to an academic medical center in the United States, between 2006 and 2016, was performed...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243038/what-performance-analysts-need-to-know-about-research-trends-in-association-football-2012-2016-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Duarte Araújo, Keith Davids, Allistair McRobert, António Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Evolving patterns of match analysis research need to be systematically reviewed regularly since this area of work is burgeoning rapidly and studies can offer new insights to performance analysts if theoretically and coherently organized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of published articles on match analysis in adult male football, identify and organize common research topics, and synthesize the emerging patterns of work between 2012 and 2016, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 14, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240281/comparative-analysis-of-2-robotic-thyroidectomy-procedures-transoral-versus-bilateral-axillo-breast-approach
#3
Young Jun Chai, Hoon Yub Kim, Hong Kyu Kim, Sang Ho Jun, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Angkoon Anuwong, Jeremy D Richmon, Ralph P Tufano
BACKGROUND: The surgical outcomes of a single surgeon's initial cases of transoral robotic thyroidectomy (TORT) were compared with the surgeon's initial cases of a bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy. METHODS: The medical reports were retrospectively reviewed. The BABA robotic thyroidectomies were performed between 2008 and 2009, and TORTs were performed between 2012 and 2016. RESULTS: Each group comprised 50 patients...
December 14, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239803/ultrasound-guided-ureteroscopy-in-children-safety-and-success
#4
Jeffrey C Morrison, Jason P Van Batavia, Kassa Darge, Christopher J Long, Aseem R Shukla, Arun K Srinivasan
INTRODUCTION: Ureteroscopy has been shown to be a highly efficacious and safe modality for the treatment of pediatric urolithiasis. However, conventional ureteroscopy relies on fluoroscopy for intraoperative guidance, exposing both patient and operating room personnel to ionizing radiation. Pediatric urolithiasis patients are at a particularly increased risk from this radiation exposure. The use of ultrasound in place of fluoroscopy for intraoperative guidance has emerged as one modification that can reduce radiation exposure during ureteroscopy...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238648/trends-in-spinal-surgery-for-pott-s-disease-2000-2016-an-overview-and-bibliometric-study
#5
Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Ghazwan A Hasan, R Shane Tubbs, Joseph R Dettori, Thomas A Schildhauer, Tarush Rustagi
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: (1) What are the surgical indications? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? (2) What is the current surgical approaches of choice? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? Do they vary by geographical region? (3) What are the most common outcome measures following surgery? Methods: Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles were searched from database inception from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2016 to identify studies specifically evaluating surgical indications, current surgical approaches, and outcome measures for spinal tuberculosis...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237578/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-on-scapular-position-and-motion-in-individuals-with-scapular-dyskinesis-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Kianoush Abdi, Mohsen Shati, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in normal scapular position and motion. Some researchers believe that altered kinematics of the scapula subsequent to dysfunction or weakness of scapular stabilizing muscles contributes to impingement syndrome. Scapular muscle exercises are included in the rehabilitation of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular dyskinesis because the muscular system is one of the major contributors of scapular positioning both at rest and during shoulder movement, but there is considerable uncertainty relating to the relative effectiveness of such approaches on changing scapular position and motion...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236841/the-utility-of-the-records-medical-factors-associated-with-the-medication-errors-in-chronic-disease
#7
Hellen Lilliane da Cruz, Flávia Karla da Cruz Mota, Lorena Ulhôa Araújo, Emerson Cotta Bodevan, Sérgio Ricardo Stuckert Seixas, Delba Fonseca Santos
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the development of the medication history of the medical records to measure factors associated with medication errors among chronic diseases patients in Diamantina, Minas Gerais. METHODS: retrospective, descriptive observational study of secondary data, through the review of medical records of hypertensive and diabetic patients, from March to October 2016. RESULTS: The patients the mean age of patient was 62...
December 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236721/survey-on-open-peer-review-attitudes-and-experience-amongst-editors-authors-and-reviewers
#8
Tony Ross-Hellauer, Arvid Deppe, Birgit Schmidt
Open peer review (OPR) is a cornerstone of the emergent Open Science agenda. Yet to date no large-scale survey of attitudes towards OPR amongst academic editors, authors, reviewers and publishers has been undertaken. This paper presents the findings of an online survey, conducted for the OpenAIRE2020 project during September and October 2016, that sought to bridge this information gap in order to aid the development of appropriate OPR approaches by providing evidence about attitudes towards and levels of experience with OPR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235986/managing-diabetes-in-people-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#9
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Chris Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions that coexist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia and diabetes may be at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemic episodes because they are less able to manage their diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key features or mechanisms of programmes that aim to improve the management of diabetes in people with dementia and to identify areas needing further research...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234414/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-lifestyle-modification-on-metabolic-control-in-overweight-children
#10
REVIEW
Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Jia-Ling Tsai, Jian-Tao Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Yi-Der Jiang, Hung-Rong Yen
Childhood obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to determine the effects of lifestyle modification programs on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels in overweight children. We queried six relevant electronic databases and manually searched for studies published before December 2016. Overweight/obese children who underwent a lifestyle modification for more than 6 months were included. A total of 3923 children from eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Compared with the control group, the lifestyle modification group had significantly lower FPG levels by 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232265/the-value-of-preoperative-exercise-and-education-for-patients-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Rebecca Moyer, Kathy Ikert, Kristin Long, Jacquelyn Marsh
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence regarding the value of preoperative education and/or exercise (prehabilitation) for patients undergoing total joint replacement is conflicting. The purpose of this study was to conduct an updated, comprehensive systematic review with meta-analyses to determine the longitudinal effects and efficacy of prehabilitation on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases (MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, ProQuest, PEDro, SportDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane) from their inception to May 2016 for randomized controlled trials that compared changes in pain, function, strength, anxiety, and hospital length of stay following THA or TKA...
December 12, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229563/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2017-clinical
#12
REVIEW
Amanda E Nelson
This review is based on a systematic review of the literature relevant to clinical topics in osteoarthritis (OA) performed for the time period February 22, 2016 to April 1, 2017. A PubMed search using the terms "osteoarthritis" and "treatment or epidemiology" returned over 800 papers, of which 57 are reviewed here, with inclusion primarily based on relevance to clinical OA. Epidemiologic studies in this time frame focused on the incidence and prevalence of OA, comorbidities and mortality in relation to OA (particularly obesity and cardiovascular disease), and multiple joint involvement...
December 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229481/feasibility-of-laparoscopic-tumour-nephrectomy-in-children
#13
Anna Cv Harris, Ewan M Brownlee, Rishi Ramaesh, Michael Jackson, Fraser D Munro, Gordon A MacKinlay
AIMS: The laparoscopic approach to tumour nephrectomy in children is controversial. We therefore reviewed our institution's cases of tumour nephrectomy (laparoscopic, open, and converted) to better understand which is suitable for this approach, what factors prevent it, and whether one can excise tumours greater than the CCLG recommendation of 300 ml. METHODS: All tumour nephrectomies performed between 2002 and 2016 were identified using our surgical database. Further data were gathered from radiology and pathology databases...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229046/unemployment-following-childhood-cancer
#14
Luzius Mader, Gisela Michel, Katharina Roser
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at risk of physical and mental long-term sequelae that may interfere with their employment situation in adulthood. We updated a systematic review from 2006 and assessed unemployment in adult childhood cancer survivors compared to the general population, and its predictors. METHODS: Systematic literature searches for articles published between February 2006 and August 2016 were performed in CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and SocINDEX...
November 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228467/neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for-regionally-advanced-melanoma
#15
James W Jakub, Jennifer M Racz, Tina J Hieken, Alexandra B Gonzalez, Lisa A Kottschade, Svetomir N Markovic, Yiyi Yan, Mathew S Block
BACKGROUND: Patients with regionally advanced melanoma are at high risk of distant failure and unlikely to be cured by surgery alone. Neoadjuvant therapy may provide benefit in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate our experience with neoadjuvant systemic therapy in high-risk stage III patients. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with advanced stage III disease who received neoadjuvant therapy between August 2009 and August 2016 at Mayo Clinic Rochester...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228138/american-society-of-anesthesiologists-physical-status-facilitates-risk-stratification-of-elderly-patients-undergoing-thoracoscopic-lobectomy
#16
Ruoyu Zhang, Thomas Kyriss, Jürgen Dippon, Matthias Hansen, Enole Boedeker, Godehard Friedel
OBJECTIVES: Accurate risk assessments are particularly important for elderly patients being considered for lobectomy. Considering the positive effects of the thoracoscopic approach on postoperative outcomes, we sought to review the reliability of the established risk factors for elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy. METHODS: From January 2009 to March 2016, 441 patients in our institution underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy for early-stage lung cancer...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227889/nursing-and-midwifery-students-stress-and-coping-during-their-undergraduate-education-programmes-an-integrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Bridie McCarthy, Anna Trace, Moira O'Donovan, Caroline Brady-Nevin, Margaret Murphy, Maria O'Shea, Patricia O'Regan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine the literature related to the sources of stress, coping mechanisms and interventions to support undergraduate nursing and midwifery students to cope with stress during their undergraduate education. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for articles published between 2010 and 2016. Search terms in various combinations were used for example; student nurse, student midwife, undergraduate, stress, coping and interventions...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227842/ideation-social-construction-and-drug-policy-a-scoping-review
#18
Vanessa Gstrein
Within drug policy scholarship there is a growing body of literature applying ideational and social constructionist approaches to address the complexity of drug policy making and the apparent failure of the evidence-based policy paradigm to free the process from controversy and contestation. Ideational approaches are concerned with the roles played by ideas and beliefs in policy making, while social construction explores the way policy problems are constructed, and agendas are set and delineated by dominant frames and narratives...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227721/chinese-guidelines-for-childhood-asthma-2016-major-updates-recommendations-and-key-regional-data
#19
Jianguo Hong, Yixiao Bao, Aihuan Chen, Changchong Li, Li Xiang, Chuanhe Liu, Zhimin Chen, Deyu Zhao, Zhou Fu, Yunxiao Shang
OBJECTIVE: With increased industrialization and urbanization in China, pediatric asthma is becoming more prevalent. Despite a growing body of evidence, there remains a significant unmet need for adequate management of childhood asthma. The Subspecialty Group of Respiratory Diseases of the Society of Pediatrics, the Chinese Medical Association, and the editorial board of the Chinese Journal of Pediatrics have recently updated the "Guidelines for diagnosis and optimal management of asthma in children," first published in 2008...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227454/immediate-and-long-term-hearing-outcomes-with-the-middle-cranial-fossa-approach-for-vestibular-schwannoma-resection
#20
Sameer Ahmed, H Alexander Arts, Hussam El-Kashlan, Gregory J Basura, B Gregory Thompson, Steven A Telian
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the immediate postoperative and long-term hearing outcome data in patients who have undergone hearing preservation attempts with the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach for the resection of sporadic vestibular schwannoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a surgical patient cohort. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Adult patients with unilateral sporadic vestibular schwannoma...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
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