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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663669/preliminary-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-chemohormonal-therapy-in-metastatic-hormone-na%C3%A3-ve-prostate-cancer-the-first-real-life-experience-in-asia
#1
Darren M C Poon, Tim Chan, Kuen Chan, Michelle Chan, Eric K C Lee, Kitty Law, Daisy Lam
INTRODUCTION: A substantial survival benefit with chemohormonal therapy has been proven by the CHAARTED and STAMPEDE studies, and this clinical approach has emerged as the standard of care for patients with metastatic hormone-naïve prostate cancer (mHSPC). However, because its clinical efficacy and tolerability in Asian patients remains uncertain, this study aims to evaluate preliminary results of its use in Hong Kong. METHODS: The clinical records of mHSPC patients treated with chemohormonal therapy from all six public oncology centers in Hong Kong between January 2015 and July 2016 were reviewed...
April 16, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663553/rapid-evidence-assessment-of-approaches-to-community-neurological-nursing-care-for-people-with-neurological-conditions-post-discharge-from-acute-care-hospital
#2
REVIEW
Judith Dianne Pugh, Kathleen McCoy, Anne M Williams, Brenda Bentley, Leanne Monterosso
Neurological conditions represent leading causes of non-fatal burden of disease that will consume a large proportion of projected healthcare expenditure. Inconsistent access to integrated healthcare and other services for people with long-term neurological conditions stresses acute care services. The purpose of this rapid evidence assessment, conducted February-June 2016, was to review the evidence supporting community neurological nursing approaches for patients with neurological conditions post-discharge from acute care hospitals...
April 16, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662961/biopsychosocial-view-to-pseudocyesis-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Marzieh Azizi, Forouzan Elyasi
Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined. Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661475/usefulness-of-high-dose-oral-flecainide-for-termination-of-recent-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-children
#4
Leonardo Liberman, Thomas J Starc, Eric S Silver
A high dose of oral flecainide has been used for acute termination of atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter or intra-atrial re-entry tachycardia (AFL-IART) in adults. The use of flecainide for these conditions in children has not been well described. We describe our institutional experience on acute termination of AF or AFL-IART in children with a single high dose of oral flecainide in a hospital setting. All patients who received a single high dose of oral flecainide from 2009 to 2016 who were <21 years of age were included...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660113/systematic-review-of-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-deprivation-on-mortality-after-colorectal-surgery
#5
REVIEW
T E Poulton, T Salih, P Martin, A Rojas-Garcia, R Raine, S R Moonesinghe
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic deprivation is a potentially important factor influencing surgical outcomes. This systematic review aimed to summarize the evidence for any association between socioeconomic group and mortality after colorectal surgery, and to report the definitions of deprivation used and the approaches taken to adjust for co-morbidity in this patient population. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched for studies up to November 2016 on adult patients undergoing major colorectal surgery, which reported on mortality according to socioeconomic group...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658623/tobacco-advertising-promotion-and-sponsorship-in-entertainment-media-a-phenomenon-requiring-stronger-controls-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#6
REVIEW
Fatimah M S El-Awa, Randa Abou El Naga, Sahar Labib, Nisreen Abdel Latif
Tobacco use and placement of tobacco products in television (TV) productions and movies is a way to promote tobacco use while avoiding tobacco advertising bans that exist in most countries. The fact that such productions are broadcast widely and viewed by millions, including children and young people, is of concern. This paper reviews the evidence on the use of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) in TV and films in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and the ways to combat it. Evidence from Egypt shows considerable and increasing use of tobacco products by actors on screen, including female actors, in programmes aired during Ramadan in 2015-2017...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657542/accuracy-of-computer-guided-surgery-for-dental-implant-placement-in-fully-edentulous-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Amaral Alves Marlière, Maurício Silva Demétrio, Leonardo Santos Picinini, Rodrigo Guerra De Oliveira, Henrique Duque De Miranda Chaves Netto
Assess clinical studies regarding accuracy between virtual planning of computer-guided surgery and actual outcomes of dental implant placements in total edentulous alveolar ridges. A PubMed search was performed to identify only clinical studies published between 2011 and 2016, searching the following combinations of keywords: "Accuracy AND Computer-Assisted Surgery AND Dental Implants." Study designs were identified using the terms: Case Reports, Clinical study, Randomized Controlled Trial, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, humans...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657063/does-previous-transanal-excision-for-early-rectal-cancer-impair-surgical-outcomes-and-pathologic-findings-of-completion-total-mesorectal-excision-results-of-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Y Eid, A Alves, J Lubrano, B Menahem
BACKGROUND: Transanal excision (TAE) is increasingly used in the treatment of early rectal cancer because of lower rate of both postoperative complications and postsurgical functional disorders as compared with total mesorectal excision (TME) OBJECTIVE: To compare in a meta-analysis surgical outcomes and pathologic findings between patients who underwent TAE followed by completion proctectomy with TME (TAE group) for early rectal cancer with unfavorable histology or incomplete resection, and those who underwent primary TME (TME group)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652594/tissue-engineering-and-regenerative-medicine-2017-a-year-in-review
#9
Kyung Min Park, Young Min Shin, Kyobum Kim, Heungsoo Shin
In 2017, a new paradigm change caused by artificial intelligence and big data analysis resulted in innovation in each field of science and technology, and also significantly influenced progress in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM). TERM has continued to make technological advances based on interdisciplinary approaches and has contributed to the overall field of biomedical technology including cancer biology, personalized medicine, development biology, and cell-based therapeutics. While researchers are aware that there is still a long way to go until TERM reaches the ultimate goal of patient treatment through clinical translation, the rapid progress in convergence studies led by technological improvements in TERM has been encouraging...
March 13, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651786/the-why-when-and-how-to-test-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#10
REVIEW
Lien Desteghe, Jeroen M L Hendriks, R Doug McEvoy, Ching Li Chai-Coetzer, Paul Dendale, Prashanthan Sanders, Hein Heidbuchel, Dominik Linz
Sleep apnea is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and may be important in atrial fibrillation (AF) management. It is present in up to 62% of the AF population and is highly under-recognized and underdiagnosed. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is strongly associated with AF and non-randomized trials have shown that its treatment can help to reduce AF recurrences and maintain sinus rhythm. The 2016 European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of AF recommend that AF patients should be questioned regarding the symptoms of OSA and that OSA-treatment should be optimized to improve AF treatment results...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649889/endoscopic-resection-of-sinonasal-inverted-papillomas-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
John K Goudakos, Sarantis Blioskas, Angelos Nikolaou, Konstantinos Vlachtsis, Peter Karkos, Konstantinos D Markou
Background Pure endoscopic surgery (functional endoscopic sinus surgery) has been increasingly replacing external approaches in the management of sinonasal inverted papillomas. Objective To analyze and compare the effectiveness of pure endoscopic procedure with external or combined procedures to paranasal inverted papillomas, including the experience from two institutions in North Greece, over a 20-year period. Methods Systematic literature searches of MEDLINE (1952-2016), EMBASE (1974-2016), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649676/intradural-spinal-tumors-10-years-surgical-experience-in-a-single-institution
#12
Pablo David Guerrero-Suarez, Ernesto Magdaleno-Estrella, Paola Guerrero-López, Arturo Isaac Vargas-Figueroa, Jaime Jesús Martínez-Anda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to present the therapeutic results of intradural tumor management over a 10 years period in a single institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study consists in a prospective case series of patients treated at the neurosurgery service of the Social Security Institute of Mexico State and Provinces (ISSSEMYM), between January 2006 and December 2016. All patients were provided with information about the procedure and signed informed consent and institutional board approved files review for this study...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649194/regulatory-chills-tobacco-industry-legal-threats-and-the-politics-of-tobacco-standardised-packaging-in-new-zealand
#13
Eric Crosbie, George Thomson
AIMS: To describe the process of enacting tobacco standardised packaging (SP) amidst tobacco industry legal threats in New Zealand. METHODS: Relevant government and NGO documents, and media items were reviewed. Policymakers and health advocates in New Zealand were interviewed. The data were triangulated and thematically analysed. RESULTS: In 2011, the New Zealand Government announced the goal of becoming a smokefree country (reducing smoking prevalence to 5%) by the year 2025, and considered adopting SP...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643102/research-priority-setting-in-childhood-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
Harrison Lindsay Odgers, Allison Tong, Pamela Lopez-Vargas, Andrew Davidson, Adam Jaffe, Anne McKenzie, Ross Pinkerton, Melissa Wake, Peter Richmond, Sally Crowe, Patrina Ha Yuen Caldwell, Sophie Hill, Jennifer Couper, Suzy Haddad, Behrouz Kassai, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate research priority setting approaches in childhood chronic diseases and to describe the priorities of stakeholders including patients, caregivers/families and health professionals. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review of MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL from inception to 16 October 2016. Studies that elicited stakeholder priorities for paediatric chronic disease research were eligible for inclusion. Data on the prioritisation process were extracted using an appraisal checklist...
April 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642913/a-narrative-synthesis-of-research-evidence-for-tinnitus-related-complaints-as-reported-by-patients-and-their-significant-others
#15
REVIEW
Deborah Ann Hall, Kathryn Fackrell, Anne Beatrice Li, Rachel Thavayogan, Sandra Smith, Veronica Kennedy, Catarina Tinoco, Evelina D Rodrigues, Paula Campelo, Tânia D Martins, Vera Martins Lourenço, Diogo Ribeiro, Haúla F Haider
BACKGROUND: There are a large number of assessment tools for tinnitus, with little consensus on what it is important to measure and no preference for a minimum reporting standard. The item content of tinnitus assessment tools should seek to capture relevant impacts of tinnitus on everyday life, but no-one has yet synthesised information about the range of tinnitus complaints. This review is thus the first comprehensive and authoritative collection and synthesis of what adults with tinnitus and their significant others report as problems in their everyday lives caused by tinnitus...
April 11, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628799/clinical-and-immunological-correlates-of-long-term-survival-in-glioblastoma
#16
REVIEW
Bartosz Czapski, Szymon Baluszek, Christel Herold-Mende, Bozena Kaminska
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and most aggressive type of primary brain tumour in adults. It represents 54% of all gliomas and 16% of all brain tumours (Ostrom et al. 2016). Despite surgery and treatment with radiotherapy plus an oral alkylating agent, temozolomide (TMZ), tumours invariably recur, and the patient survival is an average of ~14-16 months. In this review we summarise the current understanding of multiple factors that may affect survival of patients with GBMs. In particular, we discuss recent advancements in surgery and detection of genomic-based markers with prognostic values, such as IDH1/2 mutations, MGMT gene promoter methylation, and TERT gene promoter alterations...
March 2018: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628293/social-media-and-outbreaks-of-emerging-infectious-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Lu Tang, Bijie Bie, Sung-Eun Park, Degui Zhi
BACKGROUND: The public often turn to social media for information during emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) outbreaks. This study identified the major approaches and assessed the rigors in published research articles on EIDs and social media. METHODS: We searched 5 databases for published journal articles on EIDs and social media. We then evaluated these articles in terms of EIDs studied, social media examined, theoretical frameworks, methodologic approaches, and research findings...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627967/supervised-exercise-therapy-versus-home-based-exercise-therapy-versus-walking-advice-for-intermittent-claudication
#18
REVIEW
David Hageman, Hugo Jp Fokkenrood, Lindy Nm Gommans, Marijn Ml van den Houten, Joep Aw Teijink
BACKGROUND: Although supervised exercise therapy (SET) provides significant symptomatic benefit for patients with intermittent claudication (IC), it remains an underutilized tool. Widespread implementation of SET is restricted by lack of facilities and funding. Structured home-based exercise therapy (HBET) with an observation component (e.g., exercise logbooks, pedometers) and just walking advice (WA) are alternatives to SET. This is the second update of a review first published in 2006...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627156/various-approaches-of-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-plus-primary-duct-closure-for-choledocholithiasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Ming-Yan He, Xia-Dong Zhou, Hao Chen, Peng Zheng, Fa-Zhan Zhang, Wei-Wei Ren
BACKGROUND: Common bile duct (CBD) stones may occur in up to 3%-14.7% of all patients with cholecystectomy. Various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus primary duct closure (PDC) are the most commonly used and the best methods to treat CBD stone. This systematic review was to compare the effectiveness and safety of the various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus PDC for choledocholithiasis. DATA SOURCES: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized controlled trials (NRCTs) (case-control studies or cohort studies) were searched from Cochrane library (until Issue 2, 2015), Web of Science (1980-January 2016), PubMed (1966-January 2016), and Baidu search engine...
March 24, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625790/transfusion-associated-hazards-a-revisit-of-their-presentation
#20
O Garraud, C Sut, A Haddad, S Tariket, C Aloui, S Laradi, H Hamzeh-Cognasse, T Bourlet, F Zeni, C Aubron, Y Ozier, S Laperche, T Peyrard, P Buffet, D Guyotat, E Tavernier, F Cognasse, B Pozzetto, G Andreu
As a therapy or a support to other therapies, despite being largely beneficial to patients in general, transfusion it is not devoid of some risks. In a moderate number of cases, patients may manifest adverse reactions, otherwise referred to as transfusion-associated hazards (TAHs). The latest French 2016 haemovigilance report indicates that 93% of TAHs are minor (grade 1), 5.5% are moderate (grade 2) and 1.6% are severe (grade 3), with only five deaths (grade 4) being attributed to transfusion with relative certainty (imputability of level [or grade] 1 to 3)...
April 3, 2018: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
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