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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148137/brain-computer-interfaces-with-multi-sensory-feedback-for-stroke-rehabilitation-a-case-study
#1
Danut C Irimia, Woosang Cho, Rupert Ortner, Brendan Z Allison, Bogdan E Ignat, Guenter Edlinger, Christoph Guger
Conventional therapies do not provide paralyzed patients with closed-loop sensorimotor integration for motor rehabilitation. This work presents the recoveriX system, a hardware and software platform that combines a motor imagery (MI)-based brain-computer interface (BCI), functional electrical stimulation (FES), and visual feedback technologies for a complete sensorimotor closed-loop therapy system for poststroke rehabilitation. The proposed system was tested on two chronic stroke patients in a clinical environment...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139266/-effect-of-fluidized-bed-technology-on-micromeritics-properties-of-leonurus-herba-extract
#2
Yan Du, Qi-Zhi Yi, Yao-Kun Xiong, Lan-Ping Xu
Based on different binders, the Leonurus Herba extract powders were fluidized and modified. The physical properties such as hygroscopicity, flowability, filling property and compression property were studied by various micromeritics methods before and after modification. The results showed that the physical properties of Leonurus Herba extract were close to those of microcrystalline cellulose, and its comprehensive flow index was between 61-75. Fluidization process can improve hygroscopicity, so the moisture absorption indexes of the samples were significantly lower than those of the original Leonurus Herba extract samples...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130437/remote-hearing-aid-support-the-next-frontier
#3
Gina P Angley, Jean Anne Schnittker, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce health-care disparities, there has been a recent surge of interest in the remote provision of care. Audiologists have begun to provide screening, diagnostic, and rehabilitative services via telehealth technologies. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and perceived benefits of providing remote hearing aid follow-up appointments in a controlled clinical environment and in participants' homes. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive quasi-experimental study was completed...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130436/hearing-technology-use-and-management-in-school-age-children-reports-from-data-logs-parents-and-teachers
#4
Samantha J Gustafson, Todd A Ricketts, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: Consistency of hearing aid and remote microphone system use declines as school-age children with hearing loss age. One indicator of hearing aid use time is data logging, another is parent report. Recent data suggest that parents overestimate their children's hearing aid use time relative to data logging. The potential reasons for this disparity remain unclear. Because school-age children spend the majority of their day away from their parents and with their teachers, reports from teachers might serve as a valuable and additional tool for estimating hearing aid use time and management...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121833/fitbit-activity-trackers-interrupt-workplace-sedentary-behavior-a-new-application
#5
N A Guitar, A MacDougall, D M Connelly, E Knight
This study investigated whether Fitbit devices can reduce sedentary behavior among employees in the workplace. Participants were asked to wear Fitbits during 8-hour work shifts, 5 days per week, for 8 weeks. They were instructed to stand at least once every 30 minutes throughout the workday. The goal of the study was to determine whether standing once every 30 minutes was a feasible strategy for reducing sedentary workplace behavior. On average, participants completed 36 of 40 workdays using Fitbits. The number of times participants stood during an 8-hour workday averaged 12 stands per day (maximum 16 stands per day)...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118682/mobile-robotic-telepresence-solutions-for-the-education-of-hospitalized-children
#6
Neelkamal Soares, Jeffrey C Kay, Geoff Craven
Hospitalization affects children's school attendance, resulting in poor academic and sociodevelopmental outcomes. The increasing ubiquity of mobile and tablet technology in educational and healthcare environments, and the growth of the mobile robotic telepresence (MRT) industry, offer opportunities for the use of MRT to connect hospitalized children to their school environments. This article describes an approach at one rural healthcare center in collaboration with local school districts with the aim of describing strategies and limitations of MRT use...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117293/patient-satisfaction-with-an-early-smartphone-based-cosmetic-surgery-postoperative-follow-up
#7
Edoardo Dalla Pozza, Gehaan F D'Souza, Anthony DeLeonibus, Brianna Fabiani, Bahar Bassiri Gharb, James E Zins
Background: While prevalent in everyday life, smartphones are also finding increasing use as a medical care adjunct. The use of smartphone technology as a postoperative cosmetic surgery adjunct for care has received little attention in the literature. Objectives: The purpose of this effort was to assess the potential efficacy of a smartphone-based cosmetic surgery early postoperative follow-up program. Specifically, could smartphone photography provided by the patient to the plastic surgeon in the first few days after surgery allay patient's concerns, improve the postoperative experience and, possibly, detect early complications? Methods: From August 2015 to March 2016 a smartphone-based postoperative protocol was established for patients undergoing cosmetic procedures...
June 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099411/learning-with-e-books-and-project-based-strategy-in-a-community-health-nursing-course
#8
Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu
With advances in information technology, "information-assisted instruction" has been gradually introduced to nursing education curricula. Specifically, the integration of an e-book system can effectively enhance nursing students' attention and interest. Most studies on nursing education that incorporated e-books have focused on the advantages of convenience and assistance provided by e-books. Few studies have addressed community health nursing and off-campus practice activities in relation to suitable teaching strategies for learning activities...
November 2, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089290/adherence-to-report-and-patient-perception-of-an-interactive-app-for-managing-symptoms-during-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-descriptive-study-of-logged-and-interview-data
#9
Ann Langius-Eklöf, Mats Christiansen, Veronica Lindström, Karin Blomberg, Maria Hälleberg Nyman, Yvonne Wengström, Kay Sundberg
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing radiotherapy for prostate cancer experience symptoms related to both the cancer itself and its treatment, and it is evident that patients with prostate cancer have unmet supportive care needs related to their disease. Over the past decade, there has been an increase in the amount of research within the field of mobile health and the use of apps as tools for managing illness. The main challenge is to develop a mobile technology to its full potential of being interactive in real time...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071675/rna-flow-cytometry-using-the-branched-dna-technique
#10
Kah Teong Soh, Paul K Wallace
The systematic modulation of mRNA and proteins governs the complicated and intermingled biological functions of our cells. Traditionally, transcriptomic technologies such as DNA microarray and RNA-Seq have been used to identify, characterize, and profile gene expression data. These are, however, considered bulk methods as they are unable to measure gene expression at the single-cell level, unless the cells are pre-sorted. Branched DNA is a flow cytometry-based detection platform that has been developed recently to measure mRNA at the single-cell level...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071004/older-adults-perceptions-of-technology-and-barriers-to-interacting-with-tablet-computers-a-focus-group-study
#11
Eleftheria Vaportzis, Maria Giatsi Clausen, Alan J Gow
BACKGROUND: New technologies provide opportunities for the delivery of broad, flexible interventions with older adults. Focus groups were conducted to: (1) understand older adults' familiarity with, and barriers to, interacting with new technologies and tablets; and (2) utilize user-engagement in refining an intervention protocol. METHODS: Eighteen older adults (65-76 years old; 83.3% female) who were novice tablet users participated in discussions about their perceptions of and barriers to interacting with tablets...
October 4, 2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059639/-complexity-of-the-phenomenon-of-life-the-challenge-for-medicine
#12
Mieczysław Chorąży
The human organism presents a complex biological system that has hierarchical organization. The lowest, basal hierarchical level is composed of chemical molecules. The system's structure as "the whole" is maintained by complex interactions of its parts (molecules). New forms and functions, not present in molecules themselves emerge from their orchestrated and coordinated interaction, creating the novel "whole". The "whole" is not a simple summation of its parts. Therefore, on the basis of reductionist analysis and solely on the list of component elements of biological systems it is not possible to predict the future form and function of the "whole"...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056444/long-lived-tissue-resident-hiv-1-specific-memory-cd8-t-cells-are-generated-by-skin-immunization-with-live-virus-vectored-microneedle-arrays
#13
Marija Zaric, Pablo Daniel Becker, Catherine Hervouet, Petya Kalcheva, Barbara Ibarzo Yus, Clement Cocita, Lauren Alexandra O'Neill, Sung-Yun Kwon, Linda Sylvia Klavinskis
The generation of tissue resident memory (TRM) cells at the body surfaces to provide a front line defence against invading pathogens represents an important goal in vaccine development for a wide variety of pathogens. It has been widely assumed that local vaccine delivery to the mucosae is necessary to achieve that aim. Here we characterise a novel micro-needle array (MA) delivery system fabricated to deliver a live recombinant human adenovirus type 5 vaccine vector (AdHu5) encoding HIV-1 gag. We demonstrate rapid dissolution kinetics of the microneedles in skin...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051394/evolution-on-rugged-adaptive-landscapes
#14
Uri Obolski, Yoav Ram, Lilach Hadany
Adaptive landscapes represent a mapping between genotype and fitness. Rugged adaptive landscapes contain two or more adaptive peaks: allele combinations with higher fitness than any of their neighbors on the genetic space. How would a population evolve on such rugged landscapes? Evolutionary biologists have struggled with this question since it was first introduced in the 1930's by Sewall Wright. Discoveries in the fields of genetics and biochemistry inspired various mathematical models of adaptive landscapes...
October 20, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039377/a-case-study-of-the-technology-use-and-information-flow-at-a-hospital-driven-telemedicine-service
#15
Berglind Smaradottir, Rune Fensli
Health care services face the challenge of providing individualised treatment to a growing ageing population prone to chronic conditions and multi-morbidities. The research project Patients and Professionals in Productive Teams aims to study health care services that are run with a patient-centred teamwork approach. In this context, a case study was made of a hospital-driven telemedicine service for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients after hospital discharge, with a focus on information flow and technology use...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035218/interacting-with-robots-to-investigate-the-bases-of-social-interaction
#16
Alessandra Sciutti, Giulio Sandini
Humans show a great natural ability at interacting with each other. Such efficiency in joint actions depends on a synergy between planned collaboration and emergent coordination, a subconscious mechanism based on a tight link between action execution and perception. This link supports phenomena as mutual adaptation, synchronization and anticipation, which cut drastically the delays in the interaction and the need of complex verbal instructions and result in the establishment of joint intentions, the backbone of social interaction...
October 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031740/eyetracking-metrics-reveal-impaired-spatial-anticipation-in-behavioural-variant-frontotemporal-dementia
#17
Silvia Primativo, Camilla Clark, Keir X X Yong, Nicholas C Firth, Jennifer Nicholas, Daniel Alexander, Jason D Warren, Jonathan D Rohrer, Sebastian J Crutch
Eyetracking technology has had limited application in the dementia field to date, with most studies attempting to discriminate syndrome subgroups on the basis of basic oculomotor functions rather than higher-order cognitive abilities. Eyetracking-based tasks may also offer opportunities to reduce or ameliorate problems associated with standard paper-and-pencil cognitive tests such as the complexity and linguistic demands of verbal test instructions, and the problems of tiredness and attention associated with lengthy tasks that generate few data points at a slow rate...
October 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025093/discharge-communication-practices-and-healthcare-provider-and-patient-preferences-satisfaction-and-comprehension-a-systematic-review
#18
Harvey Newnham, Anna Barker, Edward Ritchie, Karen Hitchcock, Harry Gibbs, Sara Holton
Purpose: To systematically review the available evidence about hospital discharge communication practices and identify which practices were preferred by patients and healthcare providers, improved patient and provider satisfaction, and increased patients' understanding of their medical condition. Data sources: OVID Medline, Web of Science, ProQuest, PubMed and CINAHL plus. Study selection: Databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language papers, published to August 2016, of empirical research using quantitative or qualitative methods...
September 7, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023502/process-oriented-guided-inquiry-learning-pogil%C3%A2-marginally-effects-student-achievement-measures-but-substantially-increases-the-odds-of-passing-a-course
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lindsey Walker, Abdi-Rizak M Warfa
While the inquiry approach to science teaching has been widely recommended as an epistemic mechanism to promote deep content understanding, there is also increased expectation that process and other transferable skills should be integral part of science pedagogy. To test the hypothesis that coupling process skills to content teaching impacts academic success measures, we meta-analyzed twenty-one studies (n = 21) involving 7876 students that compared Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL), a pedagogy that provides opportunities for improving process skills during content learning through guided-inquiry activities, to standard lecture conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017521/an-integrative-review-of-e-learning-in-the-delivery-of-self-management-support-training-for-health-professionals
#20
Sharon Lawn, Xiaojuan Zhi, Andrea Morello
BACKGROUND: E-learning involves delivery of education through Information and Communication Technology (ITC) using a wide variety of instructional designs, including synchronous and asynchronous formats. It can be as effective as face-to-face training for many aspects of health professional training. There are, however, particular practices and skills needed in providing patient self-management support, such as partnering with patients in goal-setting, which may challenge conventional practice norms...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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