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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909030/the-college-science-learning-cycle-an-instructional-model-for-reformed-teaching
#1
Michelle Withers
Finding the time for developing or locating new class materials is one of the biggest barriers for instructors reforming their teaching approaches. Even instructors who have taken part in training workshops may feel overwhelmed by the task of transforming passive lecture content to engaging learning activities. Learning cycles have been instrumental in helping K-12 science teachers design effective instruction for decades. This paper introduces the College Science Learning Cycle adapted from the popular Biological Sciences Curriculum Study 5E to help science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty develop course materials to support active, student-centered teaching approaches in their classrooms...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909018/does-the-room-matter-active-learning-in-traditional-and-enhanced-lecture-spaces
#2
Jon R Stoltzfus, Julie Libarkin
SCALE-UP-type classrooms, originating with the Student-Centered Active Learning Environment with Upside-down Pedagogies project, are designed to facilitate active learning by maximizing opportunities for interactions between students and embedding technology in the classroom. Positive impacts when active learning replaces lecture are well documented, both in traditional lecture halls and SCALE-UP-type classrooms. However, few studies have carefully analyzed student outcomes when comparable active learning-based instruction takes place in a traditional lecture hall and a SCALE-UP-type classroom...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898635/mobile-health-technology-to-communicate-discharge-and-follow-up-information-to-adolescents-from-the-emergency-department
#3
Margaret Ray, Peter S Dayan, Vartan Pahalyants, Lauren S Chernick
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents are the largest users of mobile technology; yet, there are little data regarding their receptivity to the use of mobile health technology (mHealth) from the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study was to determine adolescents' preferences for receiving ED discharge and follow-up information via mHealth and factors associated with those preferences. METHODS: We administered an anonymous self-reporting survey to patients aged 14 to 19 years discharged from an urban pediatric ED...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896914/an-innovative-textbook-design-and-implementation
#4
Rafael Ortega, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Paul Barash, Sam Sharar, M Christine Stock
BACKGROUND: The 'flipped classroom' instructional strategy has gained much momentum in educational discourse, yet no single educational offering exists in postgraduate medical education (PME) to systematically replace the lecture element of didactic sessions. This article describes the design and implementation of Clinical Anesthesia Fundamentals, the first known textbook in PME addressing this gap in resources through the integration of full-length interactive multimedia-enhanced video lectures...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895611/instructional-changes-adopted-for-an-engineering-course-cluster-analysis-on-academic-failure
#5
José A Álvarez-Bermejo, Luis J Belmonte-Ureña, África Martos-Martínez, Ana B Barragán-Martín, María M Simón-Márquez
As first year students come from diverse backgrounds, basic skills should be accessible to everyone as soon as possible. Transferring such skills to these students is challenging, especially in highly technical courses. Ensuring that essential knowledge is acquired quickly promotes the student's self-esteem and may positively influence failure rates. Metaphors can help do this. Metaphors are used to understand the unknown. This paper shows how we made a turn in student learning at the University of Almeria...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894358/attentional-and-affective-consequences-of-technology-supported-mindfulness-training-a-randomised-active-control-efficacy-trial
#6
Sheffy Bhayee, Patricia Tomaszewski, Daniel H Lee, Graeme Moffat, Lou Pino, Sylvain Moreno, Norman A S Farb
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness training (MT) programs represent an approach to attention training with well-validated mental health benefits. However, research supporting MT efficacy is based predominantly on weekly-meeting, facilitator-led, group-intervention formats. It is unknown whether participants might benefit from neurofeedback-assisted, technology-supported MT (N-tsMT), in which meditation is delivered individually, without the need for a facilitator, travel to a training site, or the presence of a supportive group environment...
November 29, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886024/predicting-adherence-to-use-of-remote-health-monitoring-systems-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#7
Lorraine S Evangelista, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Jung-Ah Lee, Ramin Fallahzadeh, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Debra K Moser
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether subgroups of patients may benefit from remote monitoring systems (RMS) and what user characteristics and contextual factors determine effective use of RMS in patients with heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to determine whether certain user characteristics (i.e. personal and clinical variables) predict use of RMS using advanced machine learning software algorithms in patients with HF. METHODS: This pilot study was a single-arm experimental study with a pre- (baseline) and post- (3 months) design; data from the baseline measures were used for the current data analyses...
November 18, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885161/a-rehabilitation-internet-of-things-in-the-home-to-augment-motor-skills-and-exercise-training
#8
Bruce H Dobkin
Although motor learning theory has led to evidence-based practices, few trials have revealed the superiority of one theory-based therapy over another after stroke. Nor have improvements in skills been as clinically robust as one might hope. We review some possible explanations, then potential technology-enabled solutions. Over the Internet, the type, quantity, and quality of practice and exercise in the home and community can be monitored remotely and feedback provided to optimize training frequency, intensity, and progression at home...
November 23, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884169/study-protocol-implementation-of-a-computer-assisted-intervention-for-autism-in-schools-a-hybrid-type-ii-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#9
Melanie Pellecchia, Rinad S Beidas, Steven C Marcus, Jessica Fishman, John R Kimberly, Carolyn C Cannuscio, Erica M Reisinger, Keiran Rump, David S Mandell
BACKGROUND: The number of children diagnosed with autism has rapidly outpaced the capacities of many public school systems to serve them, especially under-resourced, urban school districts. The intensive nature of evidence-based autism interventions, which rely heavily on one-to-one delivery, has caused schools to turn to computer-assisted interventions (CAI). There is little evidence regarding the feasibility, effectiveness, and implementation of CAI in public schools. While CAI has the potential to increase instructional time for students with autism, it may also result in unintended consequences such as reduction in the amount of interpersonal (as opposed to computerized) instruction students receive...
November 25, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856545/examining-the-role-of-leadership-in-an-undergraduate-biology-institutional-reform-initiative
#10
Rebecca L Matz, Sarah E Jardeleza
Undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education reform continues to be a national priority. We studied a reform process in undergraduate biology at a research-intensive university to explore what leadership issues arose in implementation of the initiative when characterized with a descriptive case study method. The data were drawn from transcripts of meetings that occurred over the first 2 years of the reform process. Two literature-based models of change were used as lenses through which to view the data...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837499/commercial-molecular-tests-for-fungal-diagnosis-from-a-practical-point-of-view
#11
Michaela Lackner, Cornelia Lass-Flörl
The increasing interest in molecular diagnostics is a result of tremendously improved knowledge on fungal infections in the past 20 years and the rapid development of new methods, in particular polymerase chain reaction. High expectations have been placed on molecular diagnostics, and the number of laboratories now using the relevant technology is rapidly increasing-resulting in an obvious need for standardization and definition of laboratory organization. In the past 10 years, multiple new molecular tools were marketed for the detection of DNA, antibodies, cell wall components, or other antigens...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830457/patient-and-public-involvement-in-the-development-of-healthcare-guidance-an-overview-of-current-methods-and-future-challenges
#12
Ahmed Rashid, Victoria Thomas, Toni Shaw, Gillian Leng
Clinical guidelines and health technology assessments are valuable instruments to improve the quality of healthcare delivery and aim to integrate the best available evidence with real-world, expert context. The role of patient and public involvement in their development has grown in recent decades, and this article considers the international literature exploring aspects of this participation, including the integration of experiential and scientific knowledge, recruitment strategies, models of involvement, stages of involvement, and methods of evaluation...
November 9, 2016: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826842/pathways-of-dna-demethylation
#13
Wendy Dean
The regulation of the genome relies on the epigenome to instruct, define and restrict the activities of growth and development. Among the cohort of epigenetic instructions, DNA methylation is perhaps the best understood. In most mammals, cycles of the addition and removal of DNA methylation constitute phases of reprogramming when the developing embryo must negotiate lineage defining and developmental commitment events. In these instances, the DNA methylation instruction is often removed, thereby allowing a change in permission for future development and a return to a more plastic and pluripotent state...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826263/children-can-learn-new-facts-equally-well-from-interactive-media-versus-face-to-face-instruction
#14
Kristine Kwok, Siba Ghrear, Vivian Li, Taeh Haddock, Patrick Coleman, Susan A J Birch
Today's children have more opportunities than ever before to learn from interactive technology, yet experimental research assessing the efficacy of children's learning from interactive media in comparison to traditional learning approaches is still quite scarce. Moreover, little work has examined the efficacy of using touch-screen devices for research purposes. The current study compared children's rate of learning factual information about animals during a face-to-face instruction from an adult female researcher versus an analogous instruction from an interactive device...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822257/co-infection-of-the-hepatitis-c-virus-with-other-blood-borne-and-hepatotropic-viruses-among-hemophilia-patients-in-poland
#15
Marta Kucharska, Malgorzata Inglot, Aleksandra Szymczak, Weronika Rymer, Malgorzata Zalewska, Krzysztof Malyszczak, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz, Malgorzata Kuliszkiewicz-Janus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HCV infection in people with hemophilia is substantially higher than that in the general population (63% - 98%). Multiple transfusions and substitutive therapy have also been linked to a high risk of HBV and HIV transmission. However, the prevalence of other blood-borne viral infections in this population is less well known. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of co-infection with HBV and other blood-borne viruses in Polish HCV-infected hemophiliacs...
September 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818402/technology-implementation-and-curriculum-engagement-for-children-and-youth-who-are-deafblind
#16
Elizabeth Hartmann, Patricia Weismer
The authors discuss the research of education professionals concerned with children and youth with deafblindness, presenting three theoretical frameworks and models useful for integrating technology into learning environments: (a) UDL (universal design for learning; Meyer, Rose, & Gordon, 2014), (b) SETT (student, environment, task, tools; Zabala, 2005), (c) SAMR (substitution, augmentation, modification, redefinition; Puentedura, 2014). Although the promise of technology in teaching children and youth with deafblindness is undisputed, a review of the extant research shows that little guidance is available on what technology tools may be efficacious and how these tools should be implemented...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818399/the-state-of-research-on-communication-and-literacy-in-deafblindness
#17
Susan M Bruce, Catherine Nelson, Angel Perez, Brent Stutzman, Brooke A Barnhill
In a synthesis of the research, the authors present findings from communication and literacy studies conducted with children and youth with deafblindness, ages 0-22 years, and published in peer-reviewed journals, 1990-2015. Findings are organized within the structure of the four aspects of communication: form, function, content, context. The studies implemented child-guided and systematic instructional approaches. Studies on form addressed tangible representations, gestures, pictures, and technologies to increase expressive communication rates, and included research focusing on specific functions...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811511/development-of-an-e-learning-research-module-using-multimedia-instruction-approach
#18
Yanika Kowitlawakul, Moon Fai Chan, Sharon Swee Lin Tan, Alan Swee Kit Soong, Sally Wai Chi Chan
Students nowadays feel more comfortable with new technologies, which increase their motivation and, as a result, improve their academic performance. In the last two decades, the use of information communication technology has been increasing in many disciplines in higher education. Online learning or e-learning has been used and integrated into the curriculum around the world. A team of nursing faculty and educational technology specialists have developed an e-learning research module and integrate it into the nursing curriculum...
November 2, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811324/evaluation-of-3m-molecular-detection-system-and-ansr-pathogen-detection-system-for-rapid-detection-of-salmonella-from-egg-products
#19
L Hu, L M Ma, S Zheng, X He, H Wang, E W Brown, T S Hammack, G Zhang
Isothermal amplification assay is a novel simple detection technology that amplifies DNA with high speed, efficiency, and specificity under isothermal conditions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the 3M Molecular Detection System (MDS) and ANSR Pathogen Detection System (PDS) for the detection of Salmonella in egg products as compared to the Food and Drug Administration's Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) culture method and a modified culture method (3M MDS and ANSR PDS preferred method)...
November 2, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803949/usability-and-workflow-evaluation-of-rheumatic-disease-activity-ready-a-mobile-application-for-rheumatology-patients-and-providers
#20
Po-Yin Yen, Barbara Lara, Marcelo Lopetegui, Aseem Bharat, Stacy Ardoin, Bernadette Johnson, Puneet Mathur, Peter J Embi, Jeffrey R Curtis
BACKGROUND: RhEumAtic Disease activitY (READY) is a mobile health (mHealth) application that aims to create a shared platform integrating data from both patients and physicians, with a particular emphasis on arthritis disease activity. METHODS: We made READY available on an iPad and pilot implemented it at a rheumatology outpatient clinic. We conducted 1) a usability evaluation study to explore patients' and physicians' interactions with READY, and 2) a time motion study (TMS) to observe the clinical workflow before and after the implementation...
November 2, 2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
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