Read by QxMD icon Read

Instructional technology

Simone Savastano, Vincenzo Vanni, Roman Burkart, Maurizio Raimondi, Fabrizio Canevari, Simone Molinari, Enrico Baldi, Aurora I Danza, Maria Luce Caputo, Romano Mauri, Francois Regoli, Giulio Conte, Claudio Benvenuti, Angelo Auricchio
PURPOSE: Early and good quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are key factors to improve the outcome in patients with cardiac arrest. However, AED peri- and post-shock ECG analysis pauses may prolong hands-off time and reduce CPR effectiveness. METHODS: This study consisted of 2 independent parts. In the first part, the time performance of 12 different commercially available AEDs were tested in a manikin based scenario; in the second one, the AEDs recordings following the clinical use (same manufacturers as in the benchmark testing) in 2 different regions (Pavia, Italy, and Ticino, Switzerland) were retrieved and analyzed to evaluate the analysis time and post-shock time...
October 22, 2016: Resuscitation
Annie Y Lam, Juliet K Nguyen, Jason J Parks, Donald E Morisky, Donna L Berry, Seth E Wolpin
OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of "Talking Pill Bottles" on medication self-efficacy, knowledge, adherence, and blood pressure readings among hypertensive patients with low health literacy and to assess patients' acceptance of this innovation. DESIGN: Longitudinal nonblinded randomized trial with standard treatment and intervention arms. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Two community pharmacies serving an ethnically diverse population in the Pacific Northwest...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Dana Wong, Kelly Sinclair, Elizabeth Seabrook, Adam McKay, Jennie Ponsford
PURPOSE: Smartphones have great potential as a convenient, multifunction tool to support cognition and independence following traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there has been limited investigation of their helpful and less helpful aspects for people with TBI. We aimed to investigate patterns of smartphone use amongst individuals with TBI, identify potential barriers to use, and examine the relationships between smartphone use and daily functioning. METHOD: Twenty-nine participants with TBI and 33 non-injured participants completed the Smartphone Survey, and measures of subjective and objective cognitive functioning, mood, and community integration...
October 17, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
David S Senchina
Infectious diseases are potential catalysts for exploring 'engaged citizen' or socioscientific themes given their interwoven economic, political, scientific, and social dimensions. This article describes how an undergraduate course on the history of infectious diseases was modified to explore the impact of two 'engaged citizen' themes (poverty and technology), and to consider the ramifications of those themes on past, present, and future infectious disease outbreaks. Four outbreaks were used as the foundation for the course: plague (1350s), puerperal fever (1840s), cholera (1850s), and syphilis (1930s)...
October 14, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Michelle L Ipjian, Carol S Johnston
OBJECTIVES: Many individuals are advised to adhere to specific diet plans for their personal health; hence, it is important that tools are available to support these behaviors. Smartphone applications (apps) may assist health care professionals in educating their clients on specific dietary modifications. This pilot study focused on a single dietary modification, reducing sodium intake, to determine whether a commercial health app is useful for promoting dietary change. METHODS: Thirty healthy adults (age 34...
August 24, 2016: Nutrition
Luciana Mara Monti Fonseca, Natália Del' Angelo Aredes, Ananda Maria Fernandes, Luís Manuel da Cunha Batalha, Jorge Manuel Amado Apóstolo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Manuel Alves Rodrigues
Objectives: to evaluate the cognitive learning of nursing students in neonatal clinical evaluation from a blended course with the use of computer and laboratory simulation; to compare the cognitive learning of students in a control and experimental group testing the laboratory simulation; and to assess the extracurricular blended course offered on the clinical assessment of preterm infants, according to the students. Method: a quasi-experimental study with 14 Portuguese students, containing pretest, midterm test and post-test...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Remko van Lieshout, Mirelle J Stukstette, Rob A de Bie, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Martijn F Pisters
Study Design Controlled laboratory study to assess criterion-related validity, with a cross-sectional within-subject design. Background Patients with orthopaedic conditions have difficulties complying with partial weight-bearing instructions. Technological advances have resulted in biofeedback devices that offer real-time feedback. However, the accuracy of these devices is mostly unknown. Inaccurate feedback can result in incorrect lower-limb loading and may lead to delayed healing. Objectives To investigate validity of peak force measurements obtained using 3 different biofeedback devices under varying levels of partial weight-bearing categories...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Julie D Slade, Meigan Robb, Brad Sherrod, Diane Hunker
Adjunct faculty are being used more frequently to meet the instructional and practice experience needs of growing nursing program cohorts. While most adjunct faculty tend to have clinical expertise, many lack formal training in online instruction. This article describes how faculty used technology to develop and implement a faculty support site to provide ongoing orientation and encourage informal mentoring relationships for online adjunct faculty.
October 6, 2016: Nurse Educator
J J Wong, P Côté, D A Sutton, K Randhawa, H Yu, S Varatharajan, R Goldgrub, M Nordin, D P Gross, H M Shearer, L J Carroll, P J Stern, A Ameis, D Southerst, S Mior, M Stupar, T Varatharajan, A Taylor-Vaisey
: We conducted a systematic review of guidelines on the management of low back pain (LBP) to assess their methodological quality and guide care. We synthesized guidelines on the management of LBP published from 2005 to 2014 following best evidence synthesis principles. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, DARE, National Health Services Economic Evaluation Database, Health Technology Assessment Database, Index to Chiropractic Literature and grey literature. Independent reviewers critically appraised eligible guidelines using AGREE II criteria...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
William P Fisher, A Jackson Stenner
Huge resources are invested in metrology and standards in the natural sciences, engineering, and across a wide range of commercial technologies. Significant positive returns of human, social, environmental, and economic value on these investments have been sustained for decades. Proven methods for calibrating test and survey instruments in linear units are readily available, as are data- and theory-based methods for equating those instruments to a shared unit. Using these methods, metrological traceability is obtained in a variety of commercially available elementary and secondary English and Spanish language reading education programs in the U...
October 2016: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Brian R Bryant, Soonhwa Seok
In the nearly 30 years since the passage of the Technology-Related Assistance to Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988, technology-mediated instruction has been implemented successfully with both students without disabilities and students with a range of disabilities to help them meet the demands of instruction. In this special issue of Assistive Technology, a number of noted scholars contribute research findings designed to add to the growing body of knowledge validating the use of assistive and instructional technology in the classroom...
September 30, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
S Manimaran, S Jeyakumar, K Bhagya Lakshmi
Education Management Information System (EMIS) is a widely acceptable and developing technology within the Information Technology field. The advancement in technology in this century is being collaborated with scientific invention or explorer and information strengthening or development. This paper presents the results and experiences gained from applying students oriented EMIS for monitoring and managing mental health. The Mental Health of students depends on the acquiring adequate knowledge on basic concepts within a time period or academic schedule...
September 23, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Manuela Ferrari, Farah Ahmad, Yogendra Shakya, Cliff Ledwos, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: The worldwide rise in common mental disorders (CMDs) is posing challenges in the provision of and access to care, particularly for immigrant, refugee and racialized groups from low-income backgrounds. eHealth tools, such as the Interactive Computer-Assisted Client Assessment Survey (iCCAS) may reduce some barriers to access. iCCAS is a tablet-based, touch-screen self-assessment completed by clients while waiting to see their family physician (FP) or nurse practitioner (NP)...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Angelo Amabile, Alessandro Migliara, Paola Capasso, Mauro Biffi, Davide Cittaro, Luigi Naldini, Angelo Lombardo
Gene silencing is instrumental to interrogate gene function and holds promise for therapeutic applications. Here, we repurpose the endogenous retroviruses' silencing machinery of embryonic stem cells to stably silence three highly expressed genes in somatic cells by epigenetics. This was achieved by transiently expressing combinations of engineered transcriptional repressors that bind to and synergize at the target locus to instruct repressive histone marks and de novo DNA methylation, thus ensuring long-term memory of the repressive epigenetic state...
September 22, 2016: Cell
Deborah Salani, Laura Dean Albuja, Khitam Azaiza
This article will review an innovative on-line preimmersion course for a hybrid doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program and a traditional face-to-face doctor of philosophy nursing program. The doctoral candidates include both postbaccalaureate and postmaster's students. The authors of the preimmersion course developed and initiated the course in order to address various issues that have surfaced in discussions between students and faculty. Examples of common themes identified include writing skills, statistics, life-work-school balance, and navigating instructional technology...
September 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Cees P M van der Vleuten, Sylvia Heeneman
Programmatic assessment requires labour and cost intensive activities such as feedback in a quantitative and qualitative form, a system of learner support in guiding feedback uptake and self-directed learning, and a decision-making arrangement that includes committees of experts making a holistic professional judgment while using due process measures to achieve trustworthy decisions. This can only be afforded if we redistribute the resources of assessment in a curriculum. Several strategies are suggested...
October 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Matt Greig, Philip Nagy
CONTEXT: Epidemiological studies highlight a prevalence of lumbar vertebrae injuries in cricket fast bowlers, with governing bodies implementing rules to reduce exposure. Analysis typically requires complex and laboratory-based biomechanical analyses, lacking ecological validity. Developments in GPS micro-technologies facilitate on-field measures of mechanical intensity, facilitating screening toward prevention and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using GPS-mounted tri-axial accelerometers to quantify accumulated body 'load', and to investigate the effect of GPS unit placement in relation to epidemiological observations...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"