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Technology enhanced medical education

Gang Li, Hong-Bing Tao, Jia-Zhi Liao, Jin-Hui Tang, Fang Peng, Qin Shu, Wen-Gang Li, Shun-Gui Tu, Zhuo Chen
Patient safety education is conducive to medical students' cognition on patient safety and to improvement of medical quality and safety. Developing patient safety education for medical students is more and more widely recognized by World Health Organization and countries all over the world. However, in China, patient safety courses aiming at medical students are relatively few, and there are few reports about the effect of patient safety courses. This paper explored the influence of patient safety curriculum on medical students' attitude to and knowledge of patient safety...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
J E Dietrich, D L Yee, X M Santos, J L Bercaw-Pratt, J Kurkowski, H Soni, Y J Lee-Kim, M D Shah, D Mahoney, L V Srivaths
BACKGROUND: Bleeding disorders (BD) occur in up to 50% of adolescents with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). This presents unique challenges to healthcare providers given the complexity of treating the condition and such complexity can result in difficulty with patients understanding basic information about their condition, limit communication with medical providers, and patient compliance. SPECIFIC AIMS: To use an electronic approach to enhance patient compliance with medications used to treat their HMB...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Charys Kunkel, Wendy Kopp, Melissa Hanson
The use of simulation to provide end-of-life (EOL) education is a means to enhance self-efficacy levels among nursing students. The purpose of this exploratory study was to evaluate self-efficacy levels of nursing students and recent graduate nurses following an EOL simulation experience. Data were obtained using the Simulation Effectiveness Tool developed by Medical Education Technologies, Inc.; 72 participants in three groups completed the study. Moderate to strong levels of confidence in providing EOL care were found following the simulation experience; observations by the researcher and unsolicited participant statements supported the findings...
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Christian Blake Cameron, Vinay Nair, Manu Varma, Martha Adams, Kenar D Jhaveri, Matthew A Sparks
BACKGROUND: Electronic educational (e-learning) technology usage continues to grow. Many medical journals operate companion blogs (an application of e-learning technology) that enable rapid dissemination of scientific knowledge and discourse. Faculty members participating in promotion and tenure academic tracks spend valuable time and effort contributing, editing, and directing these medical journal blogs. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand whether chairs of medicine and pediatric departments acknowledge blog authorship as academic achievement...
June 23, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Stylianos Hatzipanagos, Bernadette John, Yuan-Li Tiffany Chiu
BACKGROUND: Social media can support and sustain communities much better than previous generations of learning technologies, where institutional barriers undermined any initiatives for embedding formal and informal learning. Some of the many types of social media have already had an impact on student learning, based on empirical evidence. One of these, social networking, has the potential to support communication in formal and informal spaces. OBJECTIVE: In this paper we report on the evaluation of an institutional social network-King's Social Harmonisation Project (KINSHIP)-established to foster an improved sense of community, enhance communication, and serve as a space to model digital professionalism for students at King's College London, United Kingdom...
March 3, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Sigall K Bell, Stephanie D Roche, Anna C Johansson, Kristin P O'Reilly, Barbara S Lee, Kenneth E Sands, Daniel S Talmor, Samuel M Brown
RATIONALE: Communication in the intensive care unit (ICU) often falls short of patient and family needs, putting them at risk for significant physical and emotional harm. As electronic patient portals rapidly evolve, one designed specifically for the ICU might potentially enhance communication among patients, family members, and clinicians; however, the views of frontline ICU staff on such technology are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To identify clinician perspectives on the current state of communication among patients, families and clinicians in the ICU, and assess their views on whether and how an electronic portal may address existing communication deficits and improve care...
October 4, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Phillip B Ham, Toby Anderton, Ryan Gallaher, Mike Hyrman, Erika Simmerman, Annamalai Ramanathan, David Fallaw, Steven Holsten, Charles Gordon Howell
Surgeons frequently report frustration and loss of efficiency with electronic medical record (EMR) systems. Together, surgery residents and a programmer at Augusta University created a rounds report (RR) summarizing 24 hours of vitals, intake/output, labs, and other values for each inpatient that were previously transcribed by hand. The objective of this study was to evaluate the RR's effect on surgery residents. Surgery residents were queried to assess the RR's impact. Outcome measures were time spent preparing for rounds, direct patient care time, educational activity time, rates of incorrect/incomplete data on rounds, and rate of duty hour violations...
September 2016: American Surgeon
Kristofer R Wagner, Erin T Bird, K Scott Coffield
BACKGROUND: The urinary catheter is an ancient device for urinary drainage in patients. Placement of a urethral catheter is a common medical procedure that may have led to morbidity and mortality. Urethral catheterization is commonly performed by a nurse. Difficult catheter placement generates urology consultation. Difficult catheterization with a vision-guided urinary catheter may provide expedited and successful catheter placement by nursing personnel. METHODS: A PubMed...
November 2016: Current Urology Reports
John C Marshall, Laura Bosco, Neill K Adhikari, Bronwen Connolly, Janet V Diaz, Todd Dorman, Robert A Fowler, Geert Meyfroidt, Satoshi Nakagawa, Paolo Pelosi, Jean-Louis Vincent, Kathleen Vollman, Janice Zimmerman
Since their widespread introduction more than half a century ago, intensive care units (ICUs) have become an integral part of the health care system. Although most ICUs are found in high-income countries, they are increasingly a feature of health care systems in low- and middle-income countries. The World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine convened a task force whose objective was to answer the question "What is an ICU?" in an internationally meaningful manner and to develop a system for stratifying ICUs on the basis of the intensity of the care they provide...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Charles B Cairns, Kathy Bollinger, Joe G N Garcia
The University of Arizona Health Network (UAHN) was a modestly successful health care delivery organization with a vibrant academic portfolio and stable finances. By 2013, however, market forces, health care financing changes, and the burden of technology and informatics upgrades led to a compromised financial position at UAHN, a situation experienced by many academic medical centers. Concurrently, Banner Health had been interested in forming an academic partnership to enhance innovation, including the incorporation of new approaches into health care delivery, and to recruit high-quality providers to the organization...
August 30, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Kay M Hurst
BACKGROUND: Video podcasts, or vodcasts are increasingly used by a range of healthcare professions in the mastery of new skills. Little is known about the experiences of using vodcasts in physiotherapy education. Traditional pedagogic strategies have been employed in order to master those skills required for physiotherapy practice. There have been advances in the use of technology in medical education in the nursing, dentistry and medical fields. Vodcasts offer great versatility and potential when used as a pedagogical tool, embedded within a physiotherapy curriculum...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
Poh Chi Tho, Emily Ang
BACKGROUND: Advancements in technology and medical treatment have made cancer care treatment more complex. With the current trend of sub-specialization in health care, cancer patients commonly receive care from multiple specialists and have wider treatment options. In view of this, there is a need to coordinate care and integrate information to enhance care and quality of outcomes for patients. Since the successful implementation of programs for increasing the survival rate of breast cancer patients at Harlem Hospital Center, New York, USA, patient navigation programs have been widely introduced in healthcare settings...
February 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Dimiter V Dimitrov
OBJECTIVES: A number of technologies can reduce overall costs for the prevention or management of chronic illnesses. These include devices that constantly monitor health indicators, devices that auto-administer therapies, or devices that track real-time health data when a patient self-administers a therapy. Because they have increased access to high-speed Internet and smartphones, many patients have started to use mobile applications (apps) to manage various health needs. These devices and mobile apps are now increasingly used and integrated with telemedicine and telehealth via the medical Internet of Things (mIoT)...
July 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
Azam Afzal, Shazia Babar
Lectures have been a cornerstone of medical education since the introduction of a discipline based curricular model more than two hundred years ago. Recently this instructional strategy has come under criticism because of its reliance on passive learning. There are still many medical schools that cover content predominantly through lectures due to its feasibility. With the introduction of the flipped classrooms, lectures have been given a new lease of life. Improving cognitive imprinting during lectures would enhance retrieval and promote long term storage...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Luminica Topale
BACKGROUND: New learning technologies have the capacity to dramatically impact how students go about learning and to facilitate an active, self-directed learning approach. In U. S. medical education, students encounter a large volume of content, which must be mastered at an accelerated pace. The added pressure to excel on the USMLE Step 1 licensing exam and competition for residency placements, require that students adopt an informed approach to the use of learning technologies so as to enhance rather than to detract from the learning process...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Garvin Brod, Ulman Lindenberger, Anthony D Wagner, Yee Lee Shing
UNLABELLED: According to the schema-relatedness hypothesis, new experiences that make contact with existing schematic knowledge are more easily encoded and remembered than new experiences that do not. Here we investigate how real-life gains in schematic knowledge affect the neural correlates of episodic encoding, assessing medical students 3 months before and immediately after their final exams. Human participants were scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging while encoding associative information that varied in relatedness to medical knowledge (face-diagnosis vs face-name pairs)...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Laura M J Hochstenbach, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Annemie M Courtens, Maarten van Kleef, Luc P de Witte
PURPOSE: Cancer pain is a prevalent and distressing symptom. To enhance self-management in outpatients, a multi-component intervention was developed, integrating patient self-management and professional care through healthcare technology. This article describes feasibility of the intervention in everyday practice. METHOD: Patients with moderate to severe cancer pain (n = 11) and registered nurses specialized in pain and palliative care (n = 3) participated in a four-week study...
August 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Hadi Mohammadi, Bret Nestor, Guy Fradet
Developing cardiac surgical skills and experience takes years of practice. Cardiac trainees need to develop technical proficiency in order to enhance quality of care and patient safety. Simulation-based models are common resources for teaching procedural skills in both undergraduate and postgraduate medical education. Suitable and accessible educational platforms can play a progressively important role in the training process for young surgeons in the area of cardiac surgery. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery consists of a wide range of pathologic anatomies and surgical techniques...
July 20, 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Joseph Tawanda Jamu, Hannah Lowi-Jones, Colin Mitchell
Clinical guidelines and policies are widely available on the hospital intranet or from the internet, but can be difficult to access at the required time and place. Clinical staff with smartphones could use Quick Response (QR) codes for contemporaneous access to relevant information to support the Just in Time Learning (JIT-L) paradigm. There are several studies that advocate the use of smartphones to enhance learning amongst medical students and junior doctors in UK. However, these participants are already technologically orientated...
July 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Jia-Ying Fang, Ji-Lin Li, Zhong-Han Li, Duan-Min Xu, Chang Chen, Bin Xie, Helen Chen, William W Au
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) protocols have diversified to include home-based cardiac tele-rehabilitation (HBCTR) as an alternative to hospital-based or center-based CR. To adopt the use of home-based cardiac tele-rehabilitation, it is necessary to assess cardiac patients' attitudes towards acceptance of such e-health technology, especially in China where knowledge of such technology is deficient. METHODS: Interviews were conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China...
May 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
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