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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904698/hiv-related-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-healthy-adults-in-cross-river-state-nigeria-a-population-based-survey
#1
Uchenna Okonkwo, Soter Ameh, Akaninyene Otu, Henry Okpara
INTRODUCTION: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains a global health problem disproportionately distributed across Nigeria. Cross river state (CRS), a tourist state, located in the Niger delta, has one of the highest prevalence rates. There is evidence that poor knowledge and stigmatization are obstacles to achieving universal access to HIV prevention programs. The objective of this study was to determine the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of HIV among adults resident in CRS, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899269/new-rogerian-theoretical-thinking-about-unitary-science
#2
John R Phillips
A theory of pandimensional awareness-integral presence is presented. The relation of wellbecoming and integral presence contributes to the theory, as well as discussion of human field image and human field hugs. Unitary patterning processes offer ways to participate in wellbecoming. New ways are suggested for education, practice, and research in a unitary science perspective.
July 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895502/characterization-of-the-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-decellularized-human-scaled-whole-hearts-implications-for-the-whole-heart-tissue-engineering
#3
Payam Akhyari, Fabian Oberle, Joern Huelsmann, Hans Heid, Stefan Lehr, Andreas Barbian, Sentaro Nakanishi, Hug Aubin, Alexander Jenke, Artur Lichtenberg
Whole-organ engineering is an innovative field of regenerative medicine with growing translational perspectives. Recent reports suggest the feasibility of decellularization and repopulation of entire human size hearts. However, little is known about the susceptibility of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) to decellularization. Here, human size hearts of ovine donors were subjected to perfusion-based decellularization using detergent solutions. Upon basic histological evaluation and total DNA measurement myocardial regions prove largely decellularized while EAT demonstrated cellular remnants, further confirmed by transmission electron microscopy...
September 12, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895466/lower-limb-muscle-activity-during-table-tennis-strokes
#4
Yann Le Mansec, Sylvain Dorel, François Hug, Marc Jubeau
This study aimed to compare the muscle activity of lower limbs across typical table tennis strokes. Fourteen high-level players participated in this study in which five typical strokes (backhand top, forehand top, forehand spin, forehand smash, flick) were analysed. Surface electromyography activity (EMG) of eight muscles was recorded (gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, gastrocnemius medialis, gastrocnemius lateralis, soleus) and normalised to the maximal activity measured during squat jump or isometric maximal voluntary contractions...
September 12, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873495/-defect-coverage-of-the-hand-using-a-rare-siamese-combined-flap
#5
Itai Pasternak, Urs Hug, Eva Meia Rüegg, Elmar Fritsche
We report 2 cases of extensive soft tissue defects simultaneously affecting the palm and dorsum of the hand. The defect was covered with a Siamese flap combination consisting of a free, distally extended lateral upper arm flap with microvascular anastomosis, and a posterior interosseous artery flap. We discuss possible indications, the operative technique and advantages versus disadvantages of this rarely applied flap combination.
September 5, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870718/four-year-experience-of-providing-mobile-extracorporeal-life-support-to-out-of-center-patients-within-a-suprainstitutional-network-outcome-of-160-consecutively-treated-patients
#6
Hug Aubin, George Petrov, Hannan Dalyanoglu, Maximillian Richter, Diyar Saeed, Payam Akhyari, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Alexander Albert, Artur Lichtenberg
AIM: Mobile extracorporeal life support (ECLS) may soon be on the verge to become a fundamental part of emergency medicine. Here, we report on our four-year experience of providing advanced mechanical circulatory support for out-of-center patients within the Düsseldorf ECLS Network (DELSN). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyses the outcome of 160 patients with refractory circulatory failure consecutively treated with mobile veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vaECMO) between July 2011 and October 2015 within the DELSN...
September 11, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860037/the-adult-foraging-assay-afa-detects-strain-and-food-deprivation-effects-in-feeding-related-traits-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#7
Bryon N Hughson, Ina Anreiter, Nicholas L Jackson Chornenki, Keith R Murphy, William W Ja, Robert Huber, Marla B Sokolowski
We introduce a high-resolution adult foraging assay (AFA) that relates pre- and post-ingestive walking behavior to individual instances of food consumption. We explore the utility of the AFA by taking advantage of established rover and sitter strains known to differ in a number of feeding-related traits. The AFA allows us to effectively distinguish locomotor behavior in Fed and Food-Deprived (FD) rover and sitter foragers. We found that rovers exhibit more exploratory behavior into the center of an arena containing sucrose drops compared to sitters who hug the edges of the arena and exhibit thigmotaxic behavior...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843506/the-influence-of-anatomic-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-using-a-subscapularis-tenotomy-on-shoulder-strength
#8
Keith M Baumgarten, Roy Osborn, Will E Schweinle, Matthew J Zens
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: There is limited evidence describing the influence of total shoulder arthroplasty on strength. The hypothesis was that after total shoulder arthroplasty, strength would improve compared with the preoperative state but remain inferior to that of the nonoperative shoulder. An additional aim was to determine whether strength improvement was associated with improvements in outcome scores and motion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients underwent total shoulder arthroplasty, with 31 patients (86%) having 1 year of follow-up for all outcomes...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837296/-astronomical-bodies-disasters-and-superstitions
#9
Elena Garcia, Olivier Hugli
The belief that a full moon or Friday the 13th or some specific doctors are associated with busier shifts in the emergency room is still widespread among caregivers. Although such a topic may seem anecdotal, even folkloric, it has been the subject of several studies that have shown that there is no association between these factors and the number of emergency room admissions or type of pathology. It is not certain that an evidence-based approach is sufficient to eliminate such beliefs because their existence also responds to an attempt to put some semblance of meaning into the chaotic and stressful activity of emergencies...
August 9, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837290/mythes-dogmes-et-superstitions-en-m%C3%A3-decine-d%C3%A2-urgence
#10
EDITORIAL
Olivier Hugli, Mathieu Pasquier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835634/altitude-control-in-honeybees-joint-vision-based-learning-and-guidance
#11
Geoffrey Portelli, Julien R Serres, Franck Ruffier
Studies on insects' visual guidance systems have shed little light on how learning contributes to insects' altitude control system. In this study, honeybees were trained to fly along a double-roofed tunnel after entering it near either the ceiling or the floor of the tunnel. The honeybees trained to hug the ceiling therefore encountered a sudden change in the tunnel configuration midways: i.e. a "dorsal ditch". Thus, the trained honeybees met a sudden increase in the distance to the ceiling, corresponding to a sudden strong change in the visual cues available in their dorsal field of view...
August 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834238/long-term-outcomes-of-elderly-patients-with-cyp2c9-and-vkorc1-variants-treated-with-vitamin-k-antagonists
#12
M Nagler, A Angelillo-Scherrer, M Méan, A Limacher, C Abbal, M Righini, J H Beer, J Osterwalder, B Frauchiger, M Aschwanden, C M Matter, N Kucher, J Cornuz, M Banyai, M Husmann, D Staub, L Mazzolai, O Hugli, N Rodondi, D Aujesky
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of polymorphisms of the vitamin K-epoxide reductase (VKORC1) and the cytochrome P450 enzyme gene (CYP2C9) on clinical outcomes remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between CYP2C9/VKORC1 variants and long-term clinical outcomes in a prospective cohort study of elderly patients treated with vitamin K antagonists for venous thromboembolism (VTE). METHODS: We followed 774 consecutive patients aged ≥65 years with acute VTE from nine Swiss hospitals for a median duration of 30 months...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829317/multimodal-evaluation-of-the-differences-between-real-and-virtual-assemblies
#13
Mikel Sagardia, Thomas Hulin
What are the technological bottlenecks in virtual assembly simulations with haptic feedback? To tackle this question, we present an evaluation study in which real feedback modalities are gradually replaced by synthetic ones. In particular, the effects of the following factors on the user performance and perception during virtual assemblies are analyzed: (i) a visual feedback system consisting of an nVisor head-mounted display, (ii) our haptic device HUG suited for unscaled upper-body movements, and (iii) our novel six-DoF constraint-based haptic rendering algorithm...
August 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819652/quantitative-first-principles-calculations-of-valence-and-core-excitation-spectra-of-solid-c60
#14
F Fossard, G Hug, K Gilmore, J J Kas, J J Rehr, F D Vila, E L Shirley
We present calculated valence and C 1s near-edge excitation spectra of solid C60 and experimental results measured with high-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy. The near-edge calculations are carried out using three different methods: solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) as implemented in the OCEAN suite (Obtaining Core Excitations with ab initio methods and the NIST BSE solver), the excited-electron core-hole approach (XCH), and the constrained-occupancy method using the Stockholm-Berlin core-excitation code, StoBe...
March 2017: Physical Review. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807509/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-angiography-in-the-diagnosis-of-infective-endocarditis-and-cardiac-device-infection-in-adult-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-prosthetic-material
#15
María N Pizzi, L Dos-Subirà, Albert Roque, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Hug Cuéllar-Calabria, Antonia Pijuan Domènech, María T Gonzàlez-Alujas, M T Subirana-Domènech, B Miranda-Barrio, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Juan J González-López, Albert Igual, Olga Maisterra-Santos, David García-Dorado, Joan Castell-Conesa, Benito Almirante, Manuel Escobar Amores, Pilar Tornos, Santiago Aguadé-Bruix
OBJECTIVES: Infective endocarditis (IE) and cardiac device infection (CDI) are a major complication in the growing number of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) reaching adulthood. We aimed to evaluate the added value of (18)F-FDG-PET/CT angiography (PET/CTA) in the diagnosis of IE-CDI in adults with CHD and intravascular or intracardiac prosthetic material, in whom echocardiography (ECHO) and modified Duke Criteria (DC) have limitations because of the patients' complex anatomy...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806835/-median-nerve-compression-neuropathy-due-to-a-closed-osteocartilaginous-tunnel-at-the-distal-upper-arm-a-case-report
#16
Dominique Nellie Merky, Itai Pasternak, Pascal Ducommun, Urs Hug
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806834/-extracorporeal-loss-of-lunate-in-perilunar-transscaphoidal-fracture-dislocation
#17
Pascal Ducommun, Urs Hug
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793374/pain-assessment-by-emergency-nurses-at-triage-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study
#18
Marilène Vuille, Maryline Foerster, Eliane Foucault, Olivier Hugli
AIM: To investigate the assessment of pain intensity in the specific context of triage. BACKGROUND: Acute pain affects most patients admitted in emergency departments (ED) but pain relief in this setting remains insufficient. Evaluation of pain and its treatment at the time of patient triage expedites the administration of analgesia, but may be awkward at this time-pressured moment. The assessment of pain intensity by a validated pain scale is a critical initial step, and a patient's self-reporting is widely considered as the key to effective pain management...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780603/early-detection-of-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-using-elastography
#19
Lilian Lacourpaille, Antoine Nordez, François Hug, Valentin Doguet, Ricardo Andrade, Gaël Guilhem
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether an increase in muscle shear modulus measured 30 min after eccentric exercise (30 min) reflects the magnitude of force deficit measured 48-h post-exercise (48 H). METHODS: A total of 53 healthy participants were distributed in five groups. Four groups performed either repeated eccentric elbow flexions or knee extensions at either a low or high load. A fifth group performed repeated concentric elbow flexions (control load)...
August 5, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760476/continuous-procedural-full-lung-ventilation-during-minimally-invasive-coronary-bypass-grafting
#20
Stephan Sixt, Hug Aubin, Robert Kalb, Philipp Rellecke, Artur Lichtenberg, Alexander Albert
BACKGROUND: In the past, minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS)- coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) alternatives have been introduced that dramatically reduce the invasiveness of standard operative procedures while still showing excellent clinical outcomes. However, in patients with high morbidity, reduced lung function impeding single-lung ventilation is one of the major concerns for MICS-CABG procedures, although those patients might reap the largest benefit from a procedure of reduced invasiveness...
July 28, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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