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Blood film

Seung Hyuk Im, Youngmee Jung, Yangsoo Jang, Soo Hyun Kim
Most biomaterials composed of biodegradable polymers will contact either accidentally or consistently with blood and this commonly requires both good  mechanical strength and blood compatibility. Despite this demand, current processing methods still make it difficult and complex to simultaneously improve the two properties. To overcome present limitations, the aim of this work is to develop a solid-state drawing which is a novel method for blood-contact biomaterials that can simultaneously improve the two essential factors of mechanical strength and blood compatibility, as well as induce a micro-patterned surface...
October 24, 2016: Biofabrication
Sanjiv Sharma, Zhenyi Huang, Michelle Rogers, Martyn Boutelle, Anthony E G Cass
We describe here a minimally invasive glucose biosensor based on a microneedle array electrode fabricated from an epoxy-based negative photoresist (SU8 50) and designed for continuous measurement in the dermal compartment with minimal pain. These minimally invasive, continuous monitoring sensor devices (MICoMS) were produced by casting the structures in SU8 50, crosslinking and then metallising them with platinum or silver to obtain the working and reference electrodes, respectively. The metallised microneedle array electrodes were subsequently functionalised by entrapping glucose oxidase in electropolymerised polyphenol (PP) film...
October 15, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
A Barry Kay
Paul Ehrlich's techniques, published between 1879 and 1880, for staining blood films using coal tar dyes, and his method of differential blood cell counting, ended years of speculation regarding the classification of white cells. Acidic and basic dyes had allowed him to recognize eosinophil and basophil granules, respectively, work that was a direct continuation of his discovery of the tissue mast cell described in his doctoral thesis. Ehrlich went on to develop neutral dyes that identified epsilon granules in neutrophils ("cells with polymorphous nuclei")...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Shan Yu, Ying Gao, Xu Mei, Tanchen Ren, Su Liang, Zhengwei Mao, Changyou Gao
The selective adhesion and migration of endothelial cells (ECs) over smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is very important in the rapid endothelialization of blood-contacting implants, to prevent vascular restenosis. In this study, a uniform cell-resistant layer of methacrylate-functionalized hyaluronic acid (HA) was first immobilized on a poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) film via polydopamine coupling. Then, a density gradient of thiol-functionalized Arg-Glu-Asp-Val (REDV) peptide was prepared on the HA layer via thiol-ene click chemistry and the continuous injection method...
October 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Weijuan Huang, Yixiang Wang, Yun Chen, Yanteng Zhao, Qiang Zhang, Xiang Zheng, Lingyun Chen, Lina Zhang
Benzaldehyde-terminated telechelic four-armed polyethylene glycol (PEG-BA) is synthesized and cross-linked with carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) to form dynamic hydrogels with strong mechanical performance. The gelation temperature and time, mechanical performance, and self-healing behaviors are systematically investigated. The hydrogels have good storage modulus up to 3162.06 ± 21.06 Pa, comparable to conventional bulk hydrogels. The separated alternate hydrogel lines connect together to become an integrated hydrogel film after 5 min at room temperature without any external intervention...
September 26, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Alexandra Laube, Helene Pendl, Marcus Clauss, Barblin Altherr, Jean-Michel Hatt
Blood samples of 86 captive panther chameleons (Furcifer pardalis) were collected in January and August from the ventral coccygeal vein in order to establish reference intervals of clinical healthy individuals under similar husbandry conditions for plasma biochemistry and hematology for this species. Significant differences were found in phosphorus, glucose, total protein, albumin, and white blood cell count between males and females in both seasons. Calcium, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase varied in only one season between genders...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Pasi P Karjalainen, Wail Nammas
Coating of stent surface with a biocompatible material is suggested to improve stent safety profile. A proprietary process was developed to coat titanium-nitride-oxide on the stent surface, based on plasma technology that uses the nano-synthesis of gas and metal. Preclinical in vitro and in vivo investigation confirmed blood compatibility of titanium (nitride-) oxide films. Titanium-nitride-oxide-coated stents demonstrated a better angiographic outcome, compared with bare-metal stents at mid-term follow-up; however, they failed to achieve non-inferiority for angiographic outcome versus second-generation drug-eluting stents...
October 3, 2016: Annals of Medicine
Mosab Arafat, Cathrin Kirchhoefer, Momir Mikov
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cefotaxime is a class III drug according to the Biopharmaceutical Classification System due to low intestinal permeability based on poor oral bioavailability. Bile salt compounds have been shown to be effective additive for drug permeation through several biological membranes. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of a mixed micelles made of phosphatidylcholine, sodium deoxycholate, and loaded with a cefotaxime-3α,7α-dihydroxy-12-keto-5β-cholanate complex to enhance the oral bioavailability of cefotaxime in rats...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Ayukenchengamba Bate, Helen K Kimbi, Emmaculate Lum, Leopold G Lehman, Elias F Onyoh, Lucy M Ndip, Conica M Njabi, Calvin Tonga, Godlove B Wempnje, Roland N Ndip, Pascal O Bessong
BACKGROUND: Malaria is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children and HIV infection as well as other factors may worsen the situation. This study was aimed at determining the factors influencing malaria parasite prevalence and density as well as anaemia in HIV-infected children in Mutengene, Cameroon from November, 2012 to April, 2013. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was used to record information on socio-demographic factors and use of preventive measures by caregivers of HIV-infected children aged 1-15 years and of both sexes...
September 29, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Melaku Wale, Ayele Mindaye
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In Ethiopia, nearly 10 million insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs) were distributed between 2004 and 2005; which touched 56 million in 2012. The study was aimed to determine the impact of these bednets on malaria prevalence, in Yaso district of Benishangul-Gumuz region, western Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the peak malaria transmission season (October-November, 2014) in the Yaso district, Benishangul-Gumuz region...
July 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Endale Tadesse, Bereket Workalemahu, Techalew Shimelis
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) capable of detecting and differentiating Plasmodium species are needed in areas in which microscopy is unsuitable. This study was conducted to assess the diagnostic performance of the rapid test kit - SD BIOLINE Malaria Ag Pf/Pan(r) (05FK60) in an endemic area. Microscopy of Giemsa-stained blood films were performed to detect and estimate the Plasmodium density in malaria suspected patients. The performance of the SD BIOLINE Malaria Ag Pf/Pan test was evaluated using 272 Plasmodium-positive and 102 negative blood samples...
2016: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Min He, Xiaofei Cui, Huiyi Jiang, Xuelian Huang, Weifeng Zhao, Changsheng Zhao
In this study, heparin-mimicking hydrogel thin films are covalently attached onto poly(ether sulfone) membrane surfaces to improve anticoagulant property. The hydrogel films display honeycomb-like porous structure with well controlled thickness and show long-term stability. After immobilizing the hydrogel films, the membranes show excellent anticoagulant property confirmed by the activated partial thromboplastin time values exceeding 600 s. Meanwhile, the thrombin time values increase from 20 to 61 s as the sodium allysulfonate proportions increase from 0 to 80 mol%...
September 27, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Michael Stenger, Kasper Klein, Rasmus B Grønnemose, Janne K Klitgaard, Hans J Kolmos, Jes S Lindholt, Martin Alm, Peter Thomsen, Thomas E Andersen
Approximately half of all nosocomial bloodstream infections are caused by bacterial colonization of vascular catheters. Attempts have been made to improve devices using anti-adhesive or antimicrobial coatings; however, it is often difficult to bind coatings stably to catheter materials, and the low amounts of drug in thin-film coatings limit effective long-term release. Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) are polymer hybrid materials with unique drug release properties. While IPNs have been extensively investigated for use in tablet- or capsule-based drug delivery systems, the potential for use of IPNs in drug release medical devices remains largely unexplored...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Erin P Childers, Gregory I Peterson, Alex B Ellenberger, Karen Domino, Gabrielle V Seifert, Matthew L Becker
The competitive absorption of blood plasma components including fibrinogen (FG), bovine serum albumin (BSA), and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on l-valine-based poly(ester urea) (PEU) surfaces were investigated. Using four different PEU polymers, possessing compositionally dependent trends in thermal, mechanical, and critical surface tension measurements, water uptake studies were carried out to determine in vitro behavior of the materials. Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) measurements were used to quantify the adsorption characteristics of PRP onto PEU thin films by coating the surfaces initially with FG or BSA...
October 10, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Hwan Tae Lee, Pil-Whan Park, Yiel-Hea Seo, Kyung-Hee Kim, Ja Young Seo, Ji-Hun Jeong, Moon Jin Kim, Jeong-Yeal Ahn
INTRODUCTION: The Mindray CAL 8000 is a cellular analysis line that consists of the BC-6800, an automated hematology analyzer, and the SC-120, an automated slidemaker/stainer. We evaluated the performances of the BC-6800 and the SC-120. METHODS: Four hundred and eight normal and abnormal samples were analyzed. The performance of the BC-6800 and Sysmex XE-2100 were compared, and blood films by the SC-120 and manual method were compared according to the CLSI guideline H26-A2 and H20-A2...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Felipe Finger Banfi, Karla de Sena Guedes, Carla Regina Andrighetti, Ana Carolina Aguiar, Bryan Wender Debiasi, Janaina da Costa Noronha, Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues, Gerardo Magela Vieira Júnior, Bruno Antonio Marinho Sanchez
The drug-resistance of malaria parasites is the main problem in the disease control. The huge Brazilian biodiversity promotes the search for new compounds, where the animal kingdom is proving to be a promising source of bioactive compounds. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial and cytotoxic activity of the compounds obtained from the toad venoms of Brazilian Amazon. Toad venoms were collected from the secretion of Rhinella marina and Rhaebo guttatus in Mato Grosso State, Brazil...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Yun Xiao, Lewis A Reis, Nicole Feric, Erica J Knee, Junhao Gu, Shuwen Cao, Carol Laschinger, Camila Londono, Julia Antolovich, Alison P McGuigan, Milica Radisic
There is a clinical need for new, more effective treatments for chronic wounds in diabetic patients. Lack of epithelial cell migration is a hallmark of nonhealing wounds, and diabetes often involves endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, targeting re-epithelialization, which mainly involves keratinocytes, may improve therapeutic outcomes of current treatments. In this study, we present an integrin-binding prosurvival peptide derived from angiopoietin-1, QHREDGS (glutamine-histidine-arginine-glutamic acid-aspartic acid-glycine-serine), as a therapeutic candidate for diabetic wound treatments by demonstrating its efficacy in promoting the attachment, survival, and collective migration of human primary keratinocytes and the activation of protein kinase B Akt and MAPKp42/44 The QHREDGS peptide, both as a soluble supplement and when immobilized in a substrate, protected keratinocytes against hydrogen peroxide stress in a dose-dependent manner...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Strahil Peev, Pavel Zehtindjiev, Mihaela Ilieva, Johan Träff, Martins Briedis, Peter Adamík
We present the first survey on prevalence and diversity of haemosporidian parasites of the genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus in a poorly studied migratory passerine, the semi-collared flycatcher (Ficedula semitorquata). In total, 110 individuals were sampled during two breeding seasons in Eastern Bulgaria. We collected both blood samples for PCR identification and blood films for microscopic identification of haemosporidians. We found six distinctive parasite cyt b lineages present in the blood of the semi-collared flycatcher (three Haemoproteus and three Plasmodium)...
December 2016: Parasitology International
Peng Chen, Min Zeng, Jie Xie, Long Wang, Weiping Su, Yihe Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of total knee arthroplasty on patients with knee osteoarthritis combined with mild to moderate valgus knee deformity.
 METHODS: A total of 15 patients received total knee arthroplasty for correcting mild (10°-15°) to moderate (15°-30°) valgus knee between January 2011 and February 2014 in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. We adopted a stable prosthesis surgery through patellar medial approach, osteophytes cleaning, conventional osteotomy, a selective soft tissue release and balance technical correcting of knee valgus deformity...
September 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
E E Idih, B U Ezem, E A Nzeribe, A O Onyegbule, B C Duru, C C Amajoyi
BACKGROUND: Despite the global efforts made to eradicate malaria, it continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in both neonates and the parturients. This study was done to determine the relationship between placental parasitemia, average neonatal birth weight and the relationship between the use of malaria preventive measures and the occurrence of placental parasitemia with the aim to improving maternal and neonatal outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done at the labor ward unit of the Federal Medical Center, Owerri, from December 2013 to May 2014...
July 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
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