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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194178/role-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapy-on-platelet-recovery-in-chronic-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#1
Khan Sheema, Ujjan Ikramdin, Naz Arshi, Naz Farah, Sheikh Imran
Background. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a bleeding disorder in which the immune system destroys native platelets. In this condition an autoantibody is generated against a platelet antigen. ITP affects women more often than men and is more common in children than adults. Objective. To assess the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy (HPET) on platelet count in Helicobacter pylori associated chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (chronic ITP) in adult. Materials and Methods. It is an interventional prospective study conducted at Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from 2014 to 2015...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193504/strong-anti-epstein-barr-virus-ebv-or-cytomegalovirus-cmv-cellular-immune-responses-predict-survival-and-a-favourable-response-to-anti-tuberculosis-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Tumaini Nagu, Said Aboud, Martin Rao, Mecky Matee, Rebecca Axelsson, Davide Valentini, Ferdinand Mugusi, Alimuddin Zumla, Markus Maeurer
BACKGROUND: Intact immune responses to cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) represent a biologically and clinically relevant correlate of 'immunological fitness' in humans. However, there is a lack of knowledge concerning anti-EBV or anti-CMV responses in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), in whom aberrant immune responses may promote progression of clinical disease. METHODS: Venous blood samples were obtained from at the time of (sputum smear positive) pulmonary TB diagnosis...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183503/a-66-year-old-woman-with-sudden-onset-of-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-lactic-acidosis-and-hypoglycemia
#3
Benjamin Henkle, Patrick Arndt
A 66-year-old woman presented to an urgent care clinic for 2 to 3 weeks of general malaise, nausea/vomiting, night sweats, and dyspnea. On examination, she was tachycardic, and her laboratory evaluation was normal except for a lactate level of 4.4 mmol/L and platelet count of 118 × 10(9)/L. CT imaging was performed. Two days later in the follow-up clinic, the patient's international normalized ratio (INR) was elevated, and she was hospitalized with initial findings of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) (ie, INR > 10, platelets 97 × 10(9)/L, fibrinogen < 60 mg/dL, positive D-dimer result)...
February 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182020/effect-of-ayurveda-medications-kas%C3%A4-sa-bhasma-and-dh%C3%A4-tr%C3%A4-avaleha-on-iron-deficiency-anaemia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Basavaraj Ramappa Tubaki, Jyoti Mahadev Benni, Niranjan Rao, Uchangi Nagaraja Rao Prasad
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the role that Ayurveda can play in the management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia, a major nutritional deficiency disorder affecting people across the globe. METHODOLOGY: Forty (40) patients suffering from Iron deficiency anaemia as per WHO guidelines, between the age group of 20 to 60 yrs of either sex participated in the study. Study was a randomized, controlled, open label clinical study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: Group D (n = 20) received Dhārī avaleha 10 g twice a day after food...
July 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181472/circulating-microfilariae-in-haematological-malignancies-do-they-have-a-role-in-pathogenesis
#5
L S Kerketta, K Ghosh
Filariasis is very common in tropical countries. It is endemic in the coastal areas of India. We report four cases of haematological malignancy where peripheral blood and bone marrow smears did not show any microfilariae but conventional cytogenetic preparations from all the four cases showed the presence of parasites. Their morphology confirmed the diagnosis of all cases as bancroftian filariasis. Therefore all types of cytogenetic preparations should be screened carefully in the endemic areas along the coastal zones of India for the presence of this parasite...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164618/spurious-thrombocytosis-caused-by-tumor-cell-lysis-in-a-patient-with-acute-monocytic-leukemia
#6
Shu Ogasawara, Norihoro Saito, Masamichi Itoga, Mihoko Kushibiki, Ryoko Nakata, Emi Ohta, Eriko Fujita, Keiya Kojima, Kiminori Terui, Etsuro Ito, Hiroyuki Kayaba
BACKGROUND: Tumor lysis syndrome can occur after treatment of fast-growing cancers. Early detection of tumor lysis is crucial to minimize the toxic effects on organs and potentially life-threatening complications. METHODS: A patient with acute monocytic leukemia presented with spurious thrombocytosis. A peripheral blood smear was stained with alpha-naphthyl butyrate esterase to discriminate tumor cell fragments from platelets. RESULTS: Peripheral blood smears showed widespread leukemic cell fragmentation...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164571/establishment-of-a-novel-myelodysplastic-syndrome-mds-xenotransplantation-model
#7
Ling Ma, Xia Zhang, Zhiqiong Wang, Yan Chen, Jia Wei, Lihua Hu
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal disease of the elderly characterized by chronic cytopenia, dysplasia, and a high risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Up until now, few animal models that fully recapitulate clinical features of this disease have been available. METHODS: This study aimed to establish a new MDS xenograft model utilizing a human MDS-derived cell line with heterozygous Y641C mutation of EZH2 (SKM-1). 1 x 107 SKM-1 cells were inoculated into anti-mouse CD122 monoantibody conditioned nonobese diabetic severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD/SCID) mice by intravenous injection...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144286/study-of-clinical-haematological-and-cytogenetic-profile-of-patients-with-acute-erythroid-leukaemia
#8
Jacob Abraham Linu, Ms Namratha Udupa, D S Madhumathi, K C Lakshmaiah, K Govind Babu, D Lokanatha, Mc Suresh Babu, K N Lokesh, L K Rajeev, A H Rudresha
BACKGROUND: Acute erythroid leukaemia (AEL) is a rare subtype of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), constituting <5% of all the cases of AML. The World Health Organization (WHO) in 2001 classified AEL into two types: (1) erythroid/myeloid leukaemia which required ≥50% erythroid precursors with ≥20% of the non-erythroid cells to be myeloid blasts and (2) pure erythroleukemia (pEL) with ≥80% erythroblasts. The WHO 2008 classification kept these subcategories, but made erythroleukemia a diagnosis of exclusion...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129784/vitamin-b12-deficiency-neuropathy-a-rare-diagnosis-in-young-adults-a-case-report
#9
Cyril Jabea Ekabe, Jules Kehbila, Martin Hongieh Abanda, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Carlson-Babila Sama, Gottlieb Lobe Monekosso
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is a metabolic disorder with many causes. It often presents with megaloblastic anaemia and neurological disorders which entail prompt treatment. The diagnosis of Vitamin B12 deficiency is challenging in resource limited-settings due to limited access to diagnostic tools and unfamiliarity with the disease, owing to its rarity especially in young people. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28 year old female Cameroonian presented with progressive burning painful sensations on the upper trunk, paraesthesia and numbness of the upper and lower limbs for a period of 5 years...
January 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128709/eosinophilic-count-as-a-biomarker-for-prognosis-of-melanoma-patients-and-its-importance-in-the-response-to-immunotherapy
#10
Alvaro Moreira, Waltraud Leisgang, Gerold Schuler, Lucie Heinzerling
AIM: The prognostic role of eosinophils in cancer has been controversial. Some entities such as gastrointestinal cancers show a better survival, while others such as Hodgkin's lymphoma a worse survival in patients with eosinophilia. Patients who exhibited an increase in eosinophils upon therapy with ipilimumab or pembrolizumab were shown to survive longer. We wanted to investigate whether eosinophilia is a prognostic marker in metastatic melanoma. METHODS: In total, 173 patients with metastatic melanoma from our data base (median age 60 years; n = 86 with immunotherapy, n = 87 without immunotherapy) were analyzed for eosinophil counts and survival over the course of 12 years...
January 2017: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127369/molecular-identification-of-hemoprotozoan-parasites-in-camels-camelus-dromedarius-of-iran
#11
Alireza Sazmand, Barbara Eigner, Mohammad Mirzaei, Seyed Hossein Hekmatimoghaddam, Josef Harl, Georg Gerhard Duscher, Hans-Peter Fuehrer, Anja Joachim
BACKGROUND: Although camels represent a valuable source of food, wool and hide in many countries, in-depth information about their vector-borne pathogens is scarce compared to other animals. The aim of the current study was to characterize vector-borne protozoa in the blood of dromedaries from Iran by molecular tools. METHODS: From June to July 2014, 200 peripheral blood samples were collected from asymptomatic one-humped camels in two provinces of Kerman and Sistan- va-Baloochestan in central and southeastern Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108472/relapsed-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-lacks-classic-leukemic-promyelocyte-morphology-and-can-create-diagnostic-challenges
#12
Vanessa J Dayton, Robert W McKenna, Sophia L Yohe, Michelle M Dolan, Elizabeth Courville, Harold Alvarez, Michael A Linden
OBJECTIVES: Although current therapies for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), such as all-trans retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide, usually result in remission, some patients relapse. Early recognition of relapse is critical for prompt intervention. In this study, we systematically reviewed morphologic, immunophenotypic, and cytogenetic findings in paired diagnostic and relapsed APL cases and describe and quantify the changes in blast morphology at relapse. METHODS: By electronic database search, we identified eight paired diagnostic and relapsed APL cases for which peripheral blood or bone marrow smears were available for review...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096847/transfusion-transmitted-malaria-in-iran-a-narrative-review-article
#13
REVIEW
Ahmad Mardani, Hossein Keshavarz, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah, Mahtab Maghsudlu
BACKGROUND: Malaria is the most important transfusion-transmitted infection (TTI) in worldwide after viral hepatitis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The main objective of the present study was to review and evaluate the transmission of malaria via blood transfusion in Iran. METHODS: A literature search was done without time limitation in the electronic databases as follows: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Science Direct, scientific information database (SID), Magiran, IranMedex and Irandoc...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095658/therapeutic-assessment-of-primaquine-for-radical-cure-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-at-primary-and-tertiary-care-centres-in-southwestern-india
#14
Rishikesh Kumar, Vasudeva Guddattu, Kavitha Saravu
Acquaintance is scanty on primaquine (PQ) efficacy and Plasmodium vivax recurrence in Udupi district, Karnataka, India. We assessed the efficacy of 14 days PQ regimen (0.25 mg/kg/day) to prevent P. vivax recurrence. Microscopically, aparasitemic adults (≥18 years) after acute vivax malaria on day 28 were re-enrolled into 15 months' long follow-up study. A peripheral blood smear examination was performed with participants at every 1-2 month interval. A nested PCR test was performed to confirm the mono-infection with P...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094443/validity-of-simple-clinical-and-biological-parameters-as-screening-tool-for-sickle-cell-anemia-for-referral-to-tertiary-center-in-highly-resource-constraints
#15
Bertin Tshimanga Kadima, Jean Lambert Gini-Ehungu, Fiston Ikwa Ndol Mbutiwi, John Tunda Bahati, Michel Ntetani Aloni
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the incidence of sickle cell anemia (SCA) is estimated around 40 000 neonates per year. However, it is notoriously difficult to perform conventional electrophoresis in all hospitals and laboratories, especially at peripheral levels and rural area. A panel of multiple clinical and laboratory features that would enhance sickle cell disease were assessed for the detection of the disease in highly resource-scarce settings. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in Kinshasa...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077149/plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-co-infection-with-tick-borne-relapsing-fever-in-dakar
#16
Mamadou A Diallo, Baidy S Kane, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Mouhamed Dieng, Khadim Diongue, Aida S Badiane, Mame Cheikh Seck, Daouda Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: West African tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) due to Borrelia crocidurae and malaria are co-endemics in Senegal. Although expected to be high, co-infections are rarely reported. A case of falciparum malaria and B. crocidurae co-infection in a patient from Velingara (South of Senegal) is discussed. CASE: A 28 year-old-male patient presented to Aristide Le Dantec Hospital for recurrent fever. He initially presented to a local post health of Pikine (sub-urban of Dakar) and was diagnosed for malaria on the basis of positive malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) specific to Plamodium falciparum...
January 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070489/acute-disseminated-histoplasmosis-with-atypical-lymphocytosis-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#17
Ayman Elbadawi, Hamdy M A Ahmed, Hussain Adly, Mohamed A Elkhouly, Samar Abohamed, Ann R Falsey
65 year-old-male presented with a one-week history of high grade fever, fatigue and confusion which began abruptly two days after a cystoscopy procedure. Past medical history included pulmonary sarcoidosis diagnosed by mediastinal lymph biopsy, diabetes and hypertension. On admission he was febrile and confused with stable vital signs. Initial workup included negative Head CT and lumbar puncture. Blood work revealed normal metabolic and liver function tests with progressive anemia, thrombocytopenia and atypical lymphocytosis of 15-20%...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060122/coinheritance-of-hereditary-elliptocytosis-and-deletional-hemoglobin-h-disease
#18
Pimlak Charoenkwan, Rungrote Natesirinilkul, Worawut Choeyprasert, Natchanon Kulsumritpon, Orapan Sangiamporn
Hereditary elliptocytosis is an inherited red blood cell membrane disorder characterized by typical peripheral blood smear findings of elliptocytes or rod-like red blood cells. Hemoglobin H disease is a form of α-thalassemia disease resulting in mild to moderate hemolytic anemia. The authors report 1 case of a girl who was diagnosed with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum and a coinheritance of hereditary elliptocytosis and deletional hemoglobin H disease. She had moderate, non-transfusion-dependent anemia...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059092/bone-marrow-morphology-and-disease-progression-in-congenital-thrombocytopenia-a-detailed-clinicopathologic-and-genetic-study-of-eight-cases
#19
Hamilton C Tsang, James B Bussel, Susan Mathew, Yen-Chun Liu, Allison A Imahiyerobo, Attilio Orazi, Julia T Geyer
Patients with congenital thrombocytopenia have an increased risk of developing myeloid neoplasms. In these cases, the morphologic distinction between disease at baseline and at progression is challenging. This report analyzes clinicopathologic features of congenital thrombocytopenia with long-term follow-up at one referral center. Records from the last 20 years were searched for cases of congenital thrombocytopenia with bone marrow biopsies and peripheral blood smears. The clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular features were analyzed...
January 6, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050450/iv-ferric-carboxymaltose-vs-oral-iron-in-the-treatment-of-post-partum-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#20
Sree Chandana Damineni, Suchitra Thunga
INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of Post-partum anaemia, reported as 50-60% in India. It is primarily due to inadequate iron intake and due to peripartum blood loss. It has been associated with significant post-partum complications. Therefore, Post-partum iron deficiency warrants greater attention and higher quality care. Oral iron treatment has been considered the standard of care. However, parenteral iron treatment is expected to be advantageous in cases where oral iron therapy is not possible...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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