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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346762/predicting-the-pain-continuum-after-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
V Chidambaran, L Ding, D L Moore, K Spruance, E M Cudilo, V Pilipenko, M Hossain, P Sturm, S Kashikar-Zuck, L J Martin, S Sadhasivam
BACKGROUND: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) affects half a million children annually in the United States, with dire socioeconomic consequences, including long-term disability into adulthood. The few studies of CPSP in children are limited by sample size, follow-up duration, non-homogeneity of surgical procedure and factors evaluated. METHODS: In a prospective study of 144 adolescents undergoing a single major surgery (spine fusion), we evaluated demographic, perioperative, surgical and psychosocial factors as predictors of a continuum of postsurgical pain: immediate, pain maintenance at 2-3 months (chronic pain/CP) and persistence of pain a year (persistent pain/PP) after surgery...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346162/household-chaos-and-sleep-disturbing-behavior-of-family-members-results-of-a-pilot-study-of-african-american-early-adolescents
#2
James C Spilsbury, Sanjay R Patel, Nathan Morris, Aida Ehayaei, Stephen S Intille
BACKGROUND: Although disorganized, chaotic households have been linked to poorer sleep outcomes, how household chaos actually manifests itself in the behaviors of others around the bedtime of a child or adolescent is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether household chaos was associated with specific, nightly sleep-disturbing activities of adolescents' family members. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six African American or multiethnic early adolescent (ages 11-12 years) and parent dyads, recruited from local schools and social-service agencies in greater Cleveland, OH...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345734/-restless-legs-syndrome-in-patients-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
C Castano-De la Mota, N Moreno-Acero, R Losada-Del Pozo, V Soto-Insuga, A Perez-Villena, C Rodriguez-Fernandez, F Martin-Del Valle, M Pons-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disease. RLS has been linked to various psychiatric disorders, especially with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). AIMS: The main objective was to describe the frequency of RLS in pediatric patients diagnosed with ADHD. Secondary objectives of the study were describe other sleep disorders in ADHD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentre prospective study was conducted in nine Spanish centers...
April 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345176/eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-child-and-an-adolescent-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability-a-multiple-baseline-across-subjects-study
#4
Liesbeth Mevissen, Robert Didden, Hubert Korzilius, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: This study explored the effectiveness of eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in persons with mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID) using a multiple baseline across subjects design. METHODS: One child and one adolescent with MBID, who met diagnostic criteria for PTSD according to a PTSD clinical interview (i.e., ADIS-C PTSD section), adapted and validated for this target group, were offered four sessions of EMDR...
March 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344844/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-parental-support-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-chinese-dual-earner-families
#5
Jian Li, Adrian Loerbroks, Johannes Siegrist
BACKGROUND: In contemporary China, most parents are dual-earner couples and there is only one child in the family. We aimed to examine the associations of parents' work stress with suicidal ideation among the corresponding adolescent. We further hypothesized that low parental support experienced by adolescents may mediate the associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from school students and their working parents were used, with 907 families from Kunming City, China...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343613/effects-of-the-use-of-growth-hormone-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#6
Renan Bazuco Frittoli, Barbara Sugui Longui, Amanda Meireles Silva, Antônio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Maria Ângela Reis de Góes Monteiro, Simone Appenzeller
INTRODUCTION: Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) often have impaired growth and short stature. There is evidence that the therapeutic use of growth hormone (GH) is useful and safe in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of GH use in patients with JIA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature over the last 18 years in Medline and Embase databases. The criteria were analyzed independently by the researchers. We used the following keywords: "growth hormone", "arthritis, juvenile", "arthritis, rheumatoid", "child" and "adolescent"...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343450/spinal-pain-in-danish-school-children-how-often-and-how-long-the-champs-study-dk
#7
Kristina Boe Dissing, Lise Hestbæk, Jan Hartvigsen, Christopher Williams, Steven Kamper, Eleanor Boyle, Niels Wedderkopp
BACKGROUND: Spinal pain in children and adolescents is a common condition, usually transitory, but the picture of spinal pain still needs elucidation, mainly due to variation in measurement methods. The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of spinal pain in 8-15 year-old Danish school children, over a 3-year period. Specifically determining the characteristics of spinal pain in terms of frequency and duration. METHODS: The study was a 3-year prospective longitudinal cohort study including 1400 school children...
March 27, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343261/stress-processes-linking-parent-child-disconnection-to-disease-risk-in-young-adulthood-amplification-by-genotype
#8
Dayoung Bae, Kandauda A S Wickrama
Previous studies have documented that early stressful family relationships influence subsequent stressful life circumstances and health outcomes over the life course. Less is known, however, about whether stressful parent-child relationships increase the influence of proximal stressors on youth health operating as a stress-sensitizing life context, and individual genetic variations have effects on these developmental processes. Informed by life course stress process theory, which focuses on the proliferation, accumulation, and interactions of stressors over the life course as health risks, we examined whether (a) parent-child disconnection influences the occurrence of stressful life events in young adulthood, (b) parent-child disconnection potentiates the impact of stressful life events on young adults' health, or (c) potential health impact is intensified further by individual genotype...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342737/are-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-associated-with-urinary-symptoms-in-their-mothers
#9
Ariane S Sampaio, Luis Gustavo A Fraga, Bruno A Salomão, Júlia B Oliveira, Camila L Seixas, Maria Luiza Veiga, José Murillo B Netto, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: The association between parents who suffered daytime incontinence as children and children who are incontinence has been reported. However, the association of lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in children and urinary symptoms in mothers has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the children of mothers with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are more likely to have urinary symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in two cities in Brazil...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340581/does-psychological-functioning-mediate-the-relationship-between-bullying-involvement-and-weight-loss-preoccupation-in-adolescents-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#10
Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy, Jeremy Dale, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Adolescent bullying is associated with a range of adversities for those who are bullied i.e., victims and bully-victims (e.g., those who bully others and get victimised), including reduced psychological functioning and eating disorder symptoms. Bullies are generally well-adjusted psychologically, but previous research suggests that bullies may also engage in problematic diet behaviours. This study investigates a) whether adolescents involved in bullying (bullies, victims, bully-victims) are at increased risk of weight loss preoccupation, b) whether psychological functioning mediates this relationship and c) whether sex is a key moderator...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337097/neuromuscular-disease-mimicking-myasthenia-gravis-in-a-nigerian-female-adolescent-could-this-be-nemaline-rod-disease
#11
O A Oyinlade, I A Lagunju, B E Adebayo
BACKGROUND: Nemaline rod disease is a congenital myopathy, presentation of which may mimic myasthenia gravis. METHOD: We report a suspected case of nemaline rod disease in a female adolescent who presented with features similar to myasthenia gravis but failed to respond effectively to its conventional management. She had features of respiratory failure and cardiomyopathy. RESULTS: Patient had a turbulent clinical course and finally succumbed to illness on the fifth day of admission...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337053/adolescents-behaviors-as-moderators-for-the-link-between-parental-self-efficacy-and-parenting-practices
#12
Terese Glatz, Allison Cotter, Christy M Buchanan
Based on theory that parents with higher levels of self-efficacy (PSE) should find it easier to parent effectively in the face of challenging child behaviors than should parents with lower levels of PSE, this study examines the link between PSE and parenting using children's behaviors as potential moderators. Participants were 130 parents who had an older adolescent (Mage = 17.58) in addition to the target adolescent (Mage = 11.79), and both adolescents' externalizing behaviors were used as moderators for the link between PSE and parenting of the target adolescent...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335876/child-abuse-neural-structure-and-adolescent-psychopathology-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Daniel S Busso, Katie A McLaughlin, Stephanie Brueck, Matthew Peverill, Andrea L Gold, Margaret A Sheridan
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse exerts a deleterious impact on a broad array of mental health outcomes. However, the neurobiological mechanisms that mediate this association remain poorly characterized. Here, we use a longitudinal design to prospectively identify neural mediators of the association between child abuse and psychiatric disorders in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD: Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and assessments of mental health were acquired for 51 adolescents (aged 13-20; M=16...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333546/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients
#14
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora McNamara, Elias Sarkis, Russell Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole Michael Lemming, Johan Areberg, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and tolerability of single and multiple doses of vortioxetine in children and adolescents with a depressive or anxiety disorder and to provide supportive information for appropriate dosing regimens for pediatric clinical trials. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, multinational, multisite, multiple-dose trial enrolled 48 patients (children and adolescents; 1:1 ratio) divided into 8 cohorts (4 adolescent and 4 child), with each cohort including 6 patients...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333529/the-long-arm-of-childhood-preschool-associations-with-adolescent-health
#15
Terri J Sabol, Lindsay Till Hoyt
The current study examines the extent to which participation in preschool at age 4 is associated with blood pressure, body mass index, and awakening cortisol at age 15. We capitalize on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to examine differences in adolescent health among children who attended preschool, parental care, or home-based care at age 4 (n = 742). Using quasi-experimental methods, we found that preschool participation was associated with multiple positive health outcomes in adolescence...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332851/empathy-and-facial-expression-recognition-in-children-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-effects-of-stimulant-medication-on-empathic-skills-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Funda Gumustas, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Yasemin Yulaf, Sebla Gokce, Osman Sabuncuoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to healthy children and adolescents in terms of state and trait empathy and emotion expression recognition skills. The goal was also to determine whether there are changes in emotion recognition and empathy measures in children with ADHD after methylphenidate (MPH) treatment. METHODS: The research sample consisted of outpatient drug-naive children and adolescents between the age of 8 and 14 years (n = 65) with ADHD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331505/fear-of-vomiting-and-low-body-weight-in-two-pediatric-patients-diagnostic-challenges
#17
Charlotte Maertens, Jennifer Couturier, Christina Grant, Natasha Johnson
Fear of vomiting can be a symptom associated with several disorders, including Eating Disorders (ED), Specific Phobia (Emetophobia), Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), making proper diagnosis challenging. At this time the literature exploring this symptom is limited, and to our knowledge very few cases have been described in the child and adolescent population. We report here the cases of one child and one adolescent presenting with significant weight loss, food restriction and fear of vomiting...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331503/integrating-smartphone-technology-at-the-time-of-discharge-from-a-child-and-adolescent-inpatient-psychiatry-unit
#18
Jonathan M Gregory, Javeed Sukhera, Melissa Taylor-Gates
OBJECTIVE: As smartphone technology becomes an increasingly important part of youth mental health, there has been little to no examination of how to effectively integrate smartphone-based safety planning with inpatient care. Our study sought to examine whether or not we could effectively integrate smartphone-based safety planning into the discharge process on a child and adolescent inpatient psychiatry unit. METHOD: Staff members completed a survey to determine the extent of smartphone ownership in a population of admitted child and adolescent inpatients...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331498/electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-youth-in-the-province-of-quebec
#19
Annie Loiseau, Marie-Claude Harrisson, Vincent Beaudry, Simon Patry
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy's (ECT) safety and tolerability is well-established in the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders in adults, but has been less studied in youth. The aim of the present study was to describe the use of ECT in youth in Quebec City and obtain Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists' (CAP) perceptions in the province of Quebec. METHODS: The authors reviewed charts of minors who received ECT treatment in the Quebec City metropolitan area between 1995 and 2014 (part 1)...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329079/sleep-duration-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-chinese-school-aged-children-do-adipokines-play-a-mediating-role
#20
Lujiao Li, Junling Fu, Xin Ting Yu, Ge Li, Lu Xu, Jinghua Yin, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Shan Gao, Wenhui Li, Changhong Li, Struan F A Grant, Mingyao Li, Yi Xiao, Jie Mi, Ming Li
Objective: To assess the associations between sleep duration and cardiometabolic risk factors in Chinese school-aged children and to explore the possible mediating role of adipokines. Methods: Sleep duration was collected in 3,166 children from the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome study. Glucose homeostasis and other cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed. Serum adipokines including leptin, total and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, resistin, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) were determined...
March 9, 2017: Sleep
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