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Epilepsy children neonate newborn

Rikke Damkjær Maimburg, Jørn Olsen, Yuelian Sun
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to estimate the association between newborn children treated with phototerapy for hyperbilirubinemia and the subsequent risk of febrile seizures or epilepsy in early childhood. METHODS: We conducted a follow-up study of singleton children (N=70 230) born between February 1998 and May 2003 from the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC). Information on exposure to phototherapy for hyperbilirubinemia was obtained from a questionnaire in the DNBC...
August 2016: Epilepsy Research
Stéphane Chabrier, Emeline Peyric, Laure Drutel, Johanna Deron, Manoëlle Kossorotoff, Mickaël Dinomais, Leila Lazaro, Jérémie Lefranc, Guillaume Thébault, Gérard Dray, Joel Fluss, Cyrille Renaud, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the epileptic, academic, and developmental status at age 7 years in a large population of term-born children who sustained neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS), and to assess the co-occurrence of these outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study including 100 term newborns with NAIS was designed. Two infants died during the neonatal period, 13 families were lost to follow-up, and 5 families declined to participate in this evaluation. Thus, 80 families completed the 7-year clinical assessment...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Melisa Carrasco, Sanjai C Rao, Cynthia F Bearer, Sripriya Sundararajan
INTRODUCTION: Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant, neuroleptic, and pain medication, is widely used in both adults and children for management of epilepsy, bipolar illness, and neuropathic pain. Gabapentin use has also been recommended for hyperemesis gravidarum and restless leg syndrome in pregnant mothers. OBJECTIVE: Although gabapentin use is deemed safe during pregnancy, no clinical reports of gabapentin withdrawal syndrome in a neonate have been described. RESULTS: We present a newborn who showed signs of withdrawal after prolonged in utero exposure to gabapentin...
November 2015: Pediatric Neurology
Sascha Meyer, Umut Yilmaz, Yoo-Jin Kim, Robert Steinfeld, Gabriele Meyberg-Solomayer, Barbara Oehl-Jaschkowitz, Andreas Tzschach, Ludwig Gortner, Julia Igel, Otto Schofer
BACKGROUND: Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) is characterized by a combination of retinopathy, dementia, and epilepsy. As a group, they encompass ten distinct biological and clinical entities and are the most common type of childhood neurodegenerative disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Case reports. RESULTS: We demonstrate the clinical course of two neonates (brother and sister) with infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) (CLN 10 disease) presenting with intractable seizures and respiratory insufficiency immediately after birth...
May 2015: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
A Mockova, E Dortova, J Dort, J Nahlovsky, V Korecko, Z Ulcova-Gallova
The case presented describes a high-risk pregnancy of a woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with multiple lesions of central nervous system (CNS), vasculitis, secondary epilepsy and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). At gestational age 28 weeks and 3 days the pregnancy was urgently terminated via caesarean section and an extremely hypotrophic immature newborn with a birth weight of 580 g was born. The high disease activity in the mother at the time of conception and the histologically proven chronic placental insufficiency due to APS are presumably the causes for the extensive hypotrophy of the neonate...
March 2014: Lupus
Barış Ekici, Nur Aydınlı, Kubilay Aydın, Mine Çalışkan, Emine Eraslan, Meral Özmen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the development of epilepsy in a patient group with periventricular leukomalacia followed at a tertiary pediatric neurology center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 108 children aged between 2 and 8 years with radiologically proven periventricular leukomalacia who had been regularly observed at the Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology outpatient clinic between January 2006 and December 2011...
October 2013: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Ana Alarcon, Miriam Martinez-Biarge, Fernando Cabañas, Angel Hernanz, Jose Quero, Alfredo Garcia-Alix
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical, biochemical, and neuroimaging findings as predictors of neurodevelopmental outcome in patients with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV). STUDY DESIGN: The study cohort comprised 26 patients with symptomatic congenital CMV born between 1993 and 2009 in a single center. Absolute and weight deficit-adjusted head circumference were considered. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) investigations included standard cytochemical analysis, determination of beta2-microglobulin (β2-m), neuron-specific enolase, and CMV DNA detection...
September 2013: Journal of Pediatrics
Anne M Clark, Robert L Kriel, Ilo E Leppik, James R White, Thomas R Henry, Richard C Brundage, James C Cloyd
PURPOSE: Although topiramate is widely prescribed for epilepsy and migraine, there is no intravenous product. We have developed an injectable topiramate formulation in which the drug is solubilized in a cyclodextrin matrix, Captisol(®) (Ligand Pharmaceuticals, Inc., La Jolla, CA). Our long-term goal is to evaluate intravenous topiramate for the treatment of neonatal seizures. Prior to studies in newborns, we carried out an investigation of injectable topiramate's safety and pharmacokinetics in adult patients...
June 2013: Epilepsia
Karina J Kersbergen, Linda S de Vries, Frans S S Leijten, Kees P J Braun, Rutger A J Nievelstein, Floris Groenendaal, Manon J N L Benders, Floor E Jansen
PURPOSE: Thalamic hemorrhage has been associated with neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT), especially when the straight sinus is involved, and often presents with neonatal seizures. Early thalamic injury has previously been shown to predispose to epilepsy and electrical status epilepticus in slow wave sleep (ESES). The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of sleep-induced epileptic electroencephalography (EEG) abnormalities and postneonatal epilepsy after neonatal thalamic hemorrhage associated with CSVT, in the absence of more widespread cerebral damage...
April 2013: Epilepsia
Anne M Clark, Robert L Kriel, Ilo E Leppik, Susan E Marino, Usha Mishra, Richard C Brundage, James C Cloyd
PURPOSE: Although oral topiramate (TPM) products are widely prescribed for migraines and epilepsy, injectable TPM is not available for human use. We have developed a solubilized TPM formulation using a cyclodextrin matrix, Captisol with the long-term goal of evaluating its safety and efficacy in neonatal seizures. This study in healthy adult volunteers was performed as required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to demonstrate the pharmacokinetics and safety prior to initiation of studies involving children...
June 2013: Epilepsia
Laurence Germany, Virginie Ehlinger, Dana Klapouszczak, Malika Delobel, Katalin Hollódy, Elodie Sellier, Javier De La Cruz, Corine Alberge, Christophe Genolini, Catherine Arnaud
The present paper aims to analyze trends over time in prevalence of cerebral palsy of post-neonatal origin, to investigate whether changes are similar according to severity and to describe the disability profile by etiology. Post-neonatal cases, birth years 1976 to 1998, were identified from the Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe collaboration (19 population-based registries). A recognized causal event occurring between 28 days and 24 months of age was considered to define the cases. Trends in prevalence were explored using graphical methods (Lowess and Cusum control chart) and modeled with negative binomial regressions...
May 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Lauren A Beslow, Nicholas S Abend, Melissa C Gindville, Rachel A Bastian, Daniel J Licht, Sabrina E Smith, Argye E Hillis, Rebecca N Ichord, Lori C Jordan
IMPORTANCE: Seizures are believed to be common presenting symptoms in neonates and children with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, few data are available on the epidemiology of acute symptomatic seizures or the risk for later epilepsy. OBJECTIVE: To define the incidence of and explore risk factors for seizures and epilepsy in children with spontaneous ICH. Our a priori hypotheses were that younger age at presentation, cortical involvement of ICH, acute symptomatic seizures after presentation, ICH due to vascular malformation, and elevated intracranial pressure requiring urgent intervention would predict remote symptomatic seizures and epilepsy...
April 2013: JAMA Neurology
Niek E van der Aa, Jeroen Dudink, Manon J N L Benders, Paul Govaert, Henrica L M van Straaten, Giorgio L Porro, Floris Groenendaal, Linda S de Vries
AIM: To report the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and follow-up data of newborn infants with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke in the territory of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA). METHOD: Data on 18 newborn infants from three neonatal intensive care units (11 males, seven females) with an MRI-confirmed PCA stroke were analysed and reported. Infants were born at a mean gestational age of 38.7 weeks (SD 3.4) with a mean birthweight of 3244g (SD 850)...
March 2013: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Angham N Al Mutair, Klaus Brusgaard, Bassam Bin-Abbas, Khalid Hussain, Naila Felimban, Adnan Al Shaikh, Henrik T Christesen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the phenotype of 15 children with congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) and profound hearing loss, known as Homozygous 11p15-p14 Deletion syndrome (MIM #606528). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective clinical follow-up and genetic analysis by direct sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, and microsatellite markers. RESULTS: Genetic testing identified the previous described homozygous deletion in 11p15, USH1C:c...
March 2013: Diabetes Care
Liisi Rautava, Janne Eskelinen, Unto Häkkinen, Liisa Lehtonen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether birth and care in the highest-level hospitals (level III) compared with birth in or postnatal transfer to lower-level hospitals (level II) are associated with 5-year morbidity in very preterm children. DESIGN: A cohort study. SETTING: Finland. PARTICIPANTS: All surviving 5-year-old children born very preterm (gestational age <32 weeks or birth weight ≤1500 g) born in level II or level III hospitals (n = 2168) and full-term (gestational age, 37-42 weeks) children (n = 238 857) born from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2004...
January 2013: JAMA Pediatrics
Lavinia Fanciullo, Brunella Iovane, Dimitra Gkliati, Giorgia Monti, Ivonne Sponzilli, Antonina Marta Cangelosi, Carla Matrorilli, Giovanni Chiari, Fabrizio Barbetti, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio, Maurizio Vanelli
A permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus has finally been diagnosed through molecular genetics in two children and one adult after 9 to 35 years of uninterrupted insulin treatment. These patients developed diabetes before 6 months of age and were autoantibody negative. In one boy, a mutation in the KCNJ11 gene was identified at 9 years of age. In the other two patients (daughter and father, 12.6 and 25 years old respectively) the new gene variant (ABCC8/L213P) was found. Switching from insulin to sulfonylurea treatment leads to the definitive discontinuance of insulin therapy, improving metabolic control as well as the amelioration of the associated neurodevelopmental disabilities in the young girl in which an intermediate Development Delay, Epilepsy, Neonatal Diabetes syndrome was diagnosed...
April 2012: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Jane Pui Ki Tsang, Wai Lun Poon, Ho Ming Luk, Cheuk Wing Fung, Chor Kwan Ching, Chloe Miu Mak, Ching Wan Lam, Tak Shing Siu, Sidney Tam, Virginia C N Wong
In areas without expanded newborn screening, instead of presenting neonatally, patients with arginase deficiency typically present with spastic paraplegia in early childhood. Diagnosis of this rare neurometabolic disease poses the first challenge because it is often misdiagnosed as cerebral palsy during initial stages. We describe arginase deficiency in a 20-year-old woman with spastic paraplegia, progressive dystonia, dementia, peripheral neuropathy, epilepsy, liver cirrhosis, and non-B/non-C hepatocellular carcinoma...
October 2012: Pediatric Neurology
Reshma P Shah, Karen Spruyt, Brigette C Kragie, Siri Atma W Greeley, Michael E Msall
OBJECTIVE: To assess performance on an age-standardized neuromotor coordination task among sulfonylurea-treated KCNJ11-related neonatal diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Nineteen children carrying KCNJ11 mutations associated with isolated diabetes (R201H; n = 8), diabetes with neurodevelopmental impairment (V59M or V59A [V59M/A]; n = 8), or diabetes not consistently associated with neurodevelopmental disability (Y330C, E322K, or R201C; n = 3) were studied using the age-standardized Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI)...
October 2012: Diabetes Care
Aliakbar Rajabzadeh, Alireza Ebrahimzadeh Bideskan, Alireza Fazel, Mojtaba Sankian, Houshang Rafatpanah, Hossein Haghir
BACKGROUND: Maternal epileptic seizures during pregnancy can affect the hippocampal neurons in the offspring. The polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM), which is expressed in the developing central nervous system, may play important roles in neuronal migration, synaptogenesis, and axonal outgrowth. This study was designed to assess the effects of kindling either with or without maternal seizures on hippocampal PSA-NCAM expression in rat offspring. METHODS: Forty timed-pregnant Wistar rats were divided into four groups: A) Kind+/Seiz+, pregnant kindled (induced two weeks prior to pregnancy) rats that received repeated intraperitoneal (i...
2012: Journal of Biomedical Science
Carlos Casas-Fernández, Helena Alarcón-Martínez
This study addresses a number of general considerations on epilepsies and epileptic syndromes that develop in the neonatal period. The chronological limits of this stage of maturation are set out and the pathophysiology of the convulsive phenomenon during that period are briefly analysed. Furthermore, the differences that exist as a result of the incipient level of maturity of the newborn infant's central nervous system with regard to other ages, and obviously adults, are highlighted. Likewise, reference is made to the percentage values of this pathology, which even vary depending on the gestational age...
May 21, 2012: Revista de Neurologia
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