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Bhargav Dave, Asmi Dave, Nilesh Kotecha, Myrtle Oates
INTRODUCTION: The triathlon involves a combination of three separate disciplines-swimming, cycling and running. To date, very few studies have been conducted on the anthropometric characteristics of the New Zealand junior elite triathletes. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between physical traits of calf girth or sum of eight skinfolds (anthropometry) and running or cycling performances in the triathlon event. METHODS: Eleven junior elite triathletes (6 females, 5 males; (Av...
June 2016: Electronic Physician
Débora Franco, Isabel Fragoso, Mário Andrea, Júlia Teles, Fernando Martins
OBJECTIVE: Voice quality provides information about the anatomical characteristics of the speaker. The patterns of somatotype and body composition can provide essential knowledge to characterize the individuality of voice quality. The aim of this study was to verify if there were significant differences in somatotype and body composition between normal and dysphonic speakers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements were taken of a sample of 72 adult participants (40 normal speakers and 32 dysphonic speakers) according to International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry standards, which allowed the calculation of endomorphism, mesomorphism, ectomorphism components, body density, body mass index, fat mass, percentage fat, and fat-free mass...
January 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Alan García Sandoval, Monica Grandón Fuentes, Loreto Lagos Del Canto, Raúl Aravena Turra, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, José Bruneau Chavez, Samuel Durán Agüero
INTRODUCTION: several studies indicate a consistency between the physical inactivity and low levels of mobility in hip and knee joint. OBJECTIVE: to determine the differences in the motion range of the hip and knee joint between the different classifications of somatotype in students of Pedagogy in Physical Education of the Universidad Autónoma de Chile, campus Temuco. METHODS: the sample included 102 physical education students (31.3% female), somatotype was obtained through the protocol of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) and the motion range of the hip and knee joint (ROM) using a universal goniometer...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Fernando Alacid, Francisco Esparza-Ros, Daniel López-Plaza, José M Muyor, Pedro A López-Miñarro
The aim of this quasi-experimental pilot study was to explore the effects of a reformer Pilates program on the anthropometry, body composition, and somatotype of active adult women after a short non-exercise period. Twenty-eight women (mean age: 40.21 ± standard deviation of 8.12 years old) with one to three years of reformer Pilates experience participated in the study. The women participated in a reformer Pilates program for 16 weeks (one hour, twice per week) after 4 weeks of detraining (summer holidays) in 2012...
October 2016: Women & Health
Aritz Urdampilleta, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Jara Valtueña, Francis Holway, Alfredo Cordova
INTRODUCTION: there is hardly any reference in scientific literature regarding anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of hand Basque pelota players (pelotaris). OBJECTIVES: the aim of this research was to analyze and compare the anthropometry features and body composition of professional pelotaris and under-23 (U23) pelotaris, to create an anthropometric profile of this sport. METHODS: the participants were ten U23 pelotaris, and eight professional pelotaris...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Rodrigo Yáñez Sepúlveda, Fernando Barraza, Giovanni Rosales Soto, Eduardo Báez, Marcelo Tuesta
The aim of the study was to characterize the anthropometric profile and somatotype of a sample of 50 players table tennis competitive with an average age 21.6 (± 3.1) years belonging to the Chilean team and institutions of higher education in the region of Valparaiso. The evaluation was conducted under the protocol marking the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) for the measurement procedure 25 restricted profile variables described by Drinkwater, Norton and Olds. Order to determine the body composition, fat, muscle, bone, skin and tissue residual was considered, using the equations proposed by Kerr...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
H Vila, J A Abraldes, N Rodríguez, C Ferragut
AIM: The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to describe the anthropometric profile and somatotype of the elite male roller skaters; and: 2) to assess if there are any differences in these items by roller skating discipline (figures, freestyle, pair and dance). METHODS: Eighty-eight male skater participants in the 51st Figure Roller Skating World Championship were selected for the study. The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) protocol was used to determine the anthropometric profile of the figure skaters...
July 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Sean Clarkson, Jon Wheat, Ben Heller, Simon Choppin
Use of anthropometric data to infer sporting performance is increasing in popularity, particularly within elite sport programmes. Measurement typically follows standards set by the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). However, such techniques are time consuming, which reduces their practicality. Schranz et al. recently suggested 3D body scanners could replace current measurement techniques; however, current systems are costly. Recent interest in natural user interaction has led to a range of low-cost depth cameras capable of producing 3D body scans, from which anthropometrics can be calculated...
June 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Laura Guillén Rivas, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Aurora Norte-Navarro, Roberto Cejuela, María Dolores Cabañas, José Miguel Martínez-Sanz
INTRODUCTION: the triathlon is an endurance sport and individual that consists of three different disciplines: swimming, cycling and running. The aim of the study was to describe and analyze the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype in male college triathletes. METHODOLOGY: observational and descriptive study of anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of 39 male college athletes from 24 ± 4,5 years, participants in the championship of Spain university triathlon sprint mode (Alicante 2010), from different universities Spanish...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Luís Massuça, Isabel Fragoso
This study aims 1--to describe and compare the anthropometric characteristics of male handball players from different levels of performance, and 2--to identify the morphological variables that allow differentiation of the level of performance for each individual playing position. A total of 212 male handball players (age, 23.6 ± 5.2 years) were included in this study, and divided into five levels of performance for comparison. The playing position of each player was recorded. All participants were tested during the 2008-2009 Portuguese handball season...
March 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
Hadi Ghasempour, Reza Rajabi, Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh, Hossein Nikro
BACKGROUND: In gymnastics, wrists are under considerable force that causes various injuries. The influences of various risk factors have not been studied sufficiently to date to reduce the wrist injuries of gymnasts. The aim of this research was to determine the relationship between anthropometric characteristics and the wrist injuries of elite male gymnasts who took part in the Iranian Premier League and Division One in 2012. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional correlation study concerning the injuries of 43 elite male gymnasts...
October 2014: Electronic Physician
Yaiza Taboada-Iglesias, Águeda Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Mercedes Vernetta Santana
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed at determining the anthropometric profile of acrobatic gymnasts, differentiating on the basis of their role. METHODS: The sample consisted of 150 gymnasts (129 women and 21 men) from throughout Spain. The anthropometric measurements were taken according to the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) procedures. Morphological measurements, proportionality and somatotype were analyzed in both groups. A comparative analysis between groups and a prediction model were used to analyze the specific profile of each role...
April 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Beatriz Maroto-Sánchez, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, Nieves Palacios Gil-Antuñano, Marcela González-Gross
Continuous physical exercise leads the athlete to maintain an unstable balance between dietary intake, energy expenditure and the additional demands of a high amount of physical activity. Thus, an accurate assessment of nutritional status is essential to optimize the performance, since it affects health, body composition, and the recovery of the athlete. Specific aspects like the type of sport, specialty or playing position, training schedule and competition calendar, category, specific objectives, which differ from the general population, must be considered...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M Lovera, J Keogh
AIM: This study sought to better understand the relationship between anthropometric profile and maximal strength, as assessed in the sport of powerlifting as relatively little research has examined how differences in anthropometry may contribute to bodyweight-related differences in performance or between more and less successful lifters in the same bodyweight class. METHODS: To address this aim, 63 male powerlifters from an Argentine National Tournament were assessed for 31 anthropometric variables taken using ISAK (International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry) protocols...
May 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
C Van Den Ende, J W R Twisk, K D Monyeki
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between dietary intake and BMI of primary school children from a rural area of South Africa cross-sectionally. Both under and over nutrition remain major health problems in South Africa. In rural areas, where especially undernutrition leads to child morbidity and mortality, determinants should be detected. METHODS: Data was used from 825 children (421 boys, 404 girls), aged 6-12 years, participating in the Ellisras Longitudinal Growth study...
September 2014: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
M García, J M Martínez-Moreno, A Reyes-Ortiz, L Suarez Moreno-Arrones, A García A, M Garcíacaballero
BACKGROUND: Top athletes are subjected to intense training to achieve high performance. There are factors such as diet and strenuous exercise that affects body composition and can modify the performance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a personalized plan of diet and training on body composition. METHODS: We studied the body composition of 18 professional rugby players using Kinanthropometry parameters. The study was conducted from the preseason to the end of the season taking into account the position of the player for measuring exercise intensity, and developing a personalized nutritional and training plan to each player...
2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Antonio García-Hermoso, Jose M Saavedra, Yolanda Escalante, Ana M Domínguez
BACKGROUND: Most studies on physical fitness and detraining have been conducted on normal-weight children. Their results indicate that any gains regress to the untrained control values during the detraining period. It, therefore, seems necessary to determine how detraining affects the different fitness parameters in obese children. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of detraining (6 months) on kinanthropometry and the components of physical fitness after an intervention (31 months) consisting of a program of exercise and/or diet for obese boys...
February 2014: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
D A Kerr, T R Ackland, A B Schreiner
In the quest to optimize performance of the elite athlete the sport scientist has sought to determine the ideal physique for a given sport or event. For some sports, specific structural characteristics offer definite performance advantages; for example in rowing, in addition to height, a large arm span has been identified as important. In other sports. such as long distance running, low levels of adiposity or 'fatness' appear to be linked with faster running times. There are four areas where appraisal of the athlete's physique can provide useful information: (1) identification of talented athletes; (2) to assess and monitor the growing athlete; (3) to monitor training and performance; and (4) to determine 'race weight' in weight-category sports...
March 1995: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nanna L Meyer, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Timothy G Lohman, Timothy R Ackland, Arthur D Stewart, Ronald J Maughan, Suzanne Smith, Wolfram Müller
BACKGROUND: Successful performers in weight-sensitive sports are characterised by low body mass (BM) and fat content. This often requires chronic energy restriction and acute weight loss practices. AIM: To evaluate current use of body composition (BC) assessment methods and identify problems and solutions with current BC approaches. METHODS: A 40-item survey was developed, including demographic and content questions related to BC assessment...
November 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Hans Vangrunderbeek, Albrecht L Claessens, Pascal Delheye
In 1972, the term 'kinanthropometry', derived from the Greek words 'kinein' (to move), 'anthropos' (human) and 'metrein' (to measure), was launched in the international, Francophone journal Kinanthropologie by the Canadian William Ross and the Belgians, Marcel Hebbelinck, Bart Van Gheluwe and Marie-Louise Lemmens. The authors defined this neologism as 'the scientific discipline for the study of the size, shape, proportion, scope and composition of the human being and its gross motor functions'. Presenting a theoretical framework for the analysis of the internal social processes of discipline formation - derived from the social history-of-science tradition - this article critically examines whether kinanthropometry was indeed promoted and developed by its community members as a scientific discipline...
2013: European Journal of Sport Science
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