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Jie Xu, Lu Xie, Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy is the most-frequently employed strategy for patients with high-grade osteosarcoma. However, the contribution of neoadjuvant chemotherapy compared with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy has not been tested rigorously in patients with nonmetastatic high-grade pelvic osteosarcoma. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by delayed surgery offer a survival benefit to patients with nonmetastatic high-grade pelvic osteosarcoma compared with immediate surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy? (2) Is the timing of chemotherapy and surgery associated with a difference in the survivorship free from local recurrence and the risk of complications? (3) Is the threshold of 90% necrosis after neoadjuvant chemotherapy appropriate to distinguish responders from nonresponders in patients with pelvic osteosarcoma? METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, our center treated 112 patients with nonmetastatic high-grade primary pelvic osteosarcoma, of whom 93 underwent tumor resection with chemotherapy...
June 13, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Claire E H Barber, J Carter Thorne, Vandana Ahluwalia, Jennifer Burt, Diane Lacaille, Deborah A Marshall, Glen S Hazlewood, Dianne Mosher, Lisa Denning, Ildiko Szamjo, Ricky Chin, Sean Hamilton, Susanne Benseler, Marinka Twilt, Natalie J Shiff, Vivian Bykerk, Joanne Homik, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of reporting on 4 national performance measures for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in 5 different models of care. METHODS: The following performance measures were evaluated in 5 models of care: waiting time (WT) to rheumatologist consultation, percentage of patients seen in yearly followup (FU), percentage taking disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD), and time to starting DMARD. All models aimed to improve early access and care for patients with RA...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Sytske Anne Bergstra, Cornelia F Allaart, Sofia Ramiro, Arvind Chopra, Nimmisha Govind, Cândida Silva, Elizabeth A Murphy, Robert B M Landewé
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in initial treatment and treatment response in male and female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in daily clinical practice. METHODS: The proportion of patients with RA starting different antirheumatic treatments (disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs; DMARD) and the response to treatment were compared in the international, observational METEOR register. All visits from start of the first DMARD until the first DMARD switch or the end of followup were selected...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Aiko Saku, Shunsuke Furuta, Masaki Hiraguri, Kei Ikeda, Yoshihisa Kobayashi, Shin-Ichiro Kagami, Kazuhiro Kurasawa, Ryutaro Matsumura, Daiki Nakagomi, Takao Sugiyama, Takeshi Umibe, Norihiko Watanabe, Hiroshi Nakajima
OBJECTIVE: Patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) frequently experience relapses, which lead to cumulative organ damage. In this retrospective observational study, we aimed to reveal the risk factors for relapse in EGPA. METHODS: A total of 188 Japanese patients with EGPA diagnosed between 1996 and 2015 were identified from medical records in 10 hospitals. The diagnosis was based on the American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria or Lanham's criteria...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Shao-Hsien Liu, Catherine E Dubé, Charles B Eaton, Jeffrey B Driban, Timothy E McAlindon, Kate L Lapane
OBJECTIVE: We examined the longterm effectiveness of corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections in relieving symptoms among persons with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Using Osteoarthritis Initiative data, a new-user design was applied to identify participants initiating corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections (n = 412). Knee symptoms (pain, stiffness, function) were measured using The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC)...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Abhay R Vasavada, Vaishali Vasavada, Sajani K Shah, M R Praveen, Viraj A Vasavada, Rupal H Trivedi, Farida Rawat, Archana Koul
PURPOSE: Comparative evaluation of complications and visual outcomes following bilateral congenital cataract surgery in children upto 2 years of age with and without primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation at 5 years follow-up DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, clinical trial METHODS: 60 children (120 eyes) upto 2 years of age undergoing bilateral congenital cataract surgery randomized to: group 1, primary aphakia (n=30) or group 2,primary IOL implantation (n=30). Single surgeon performed surgeries with identical surgical technique...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Ernestas Janulionis, Vitalija Samerdokiene, Konstantinas Povilas Valuckas, Vydmantas Atkocius, Mark J Rivard
PURPOSE: Second primary malignancies (SPMs) may occur in organs after radiotherapy (RT). This study aimed to determine the rate and distribution of SPMs for photon- or neutron-emitting radiotherapy sources for patients treated for primary endometrial cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The cohort comprised 426 patients with 5334 patient-years of observation. Patients were treated by different methods of RT from 1990 to 2000. Patients received postoperative 60 Co external-beam radiotherapy (43...
June 9, 2018: Brachytherapy
Henriette Bretschneider, Stefan Rammelt
Combined fractures of the talar body and the adjacent bones are rare. We present a case of a 35-year-old male with a complex foot and ankle trauma resulting in an unusual combined ipsilateral fracture of the anterolateral tibial plafond, talar body, and sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus. To the best of our knowledge, this particular combination of fractures has not yet been reported in the literature. The combination of talar body fracture with fractures of the adjacent bones was treated by a bilateral open reduction with anatomic reconstruction of the joint surfaces resulting in an excellent clinical outcome at 4-year followup...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Arvind G Kulkarni, Shashidhar Bangalore Kantharajanna, Abhilash N Dhruv
Background: The conventional interlaminar approach is adequate for access to most disc herniations in lumbar spine surgery. The access to cranially and caudally migrated disc fragments, by conventional interlaminar fenestration, requires an extension of the fenestration with the potential destruction of the facet joint complex and consequent postsurgical instability. To describe the technique and results of the translaminar technique of targeted discectomy using tubular retractors for the surgical treatment of cranially and caudally extruded discs...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Wasudeo Mahadeo Gadegone, Vijayanand Lokhande
Background: Surgical stabilization of displaced midshaft clavicle fracture can be achieved by an intramedullary nail or plate. When intramedullary nail is used, one of the dreaded complications is the migration of nail. We have used a screw intramedullary device with screw mechanism at one end which can get hold in the medial cancellous bone, thus preventing chances of nail migration. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical outcome following elastic stable screw intramedullary nailing for the fixation of midshaft clavicle fractures...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Pei-Wei Weng, Chih-Yu Chen, Yang-Hwei Tsuang, Jui-Sheng Sun, Chian-Her Lee, Cheng-Kung Cheng
Background: Various surgical techniques are available to reduce chronic instability of the lateral ankle ligament complex. The most effective method for these procedures remains controversial. This report presents a surgical technique that is similar to the Broström procedure and uses a modified, nonaugmented repair technique. Materials and Methods: 38 soldiers with a history of chronic lateral ankle instability and poor ankle function underwent plication of the anterior talofibular ligament-lateral capsule complex with transosseous fixation of the calcaneofibular ligament through a fibular bone tunnel between 2004 and 2007...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Bilgehan Tosun, Ozgur Selek, Umit Gok, Halil Ceylan
Background: In ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus, the issue of which types of fractures require posterior malleolus fixation is still controversial. Recent studies have demonstrated that trimalleolar fractures adversely affect the functional outcomes in comparison to bimalleolar fractures of the lateral and medial malleolus. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of posterior malleolus fixation on the functional and radiological outcomes. Materials and Methods: Reduction quality, development of posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis, and functional outcomes in 49 consecutive trimalleolar ankle fractures were evaluated retrospectively in patients with and without posterior malleolus fixation...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Marcos Hideyo Sakaki, Rodrigo Sousa Macedo, Alexandre Leme Godoy Dos Santos, Rafael Trevisan Ortiz, Rafael Barban Sposeto, Túlio Diniz Fernandes
Background: Talar body and neck nonunions and malunions may undergo a reconstructive surgery when joint cartilage is still viable, and no talar collapse or infection has occurred. This is a rare condition and the studies supporting the procedure have small number of cases. The objective of the present study is to report a case series of six patients who underwent talar reconstructions. Materials and Methods: Six patients with talar malunions or nonunions who underwent surgical treatment were reviewed in this retrospective study...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Michael Swords, John Shank, Stephen Benirschke
Background: The aim of this study is to describe a surgical technique for successful treatment of posteromedial talar body fractures and establish treatment recommendations for fractures of the posterior aspect of the talus. Materials and Methods: Ten patients treated operatively for a posteromedial talar body fractures entering both the subtalar and ankle articulations with a minimum of 1-year followup were identified from a trauma database. Age, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, time to surgery, complications, the range of motion, secondary procedures, and need for arthrodesis were evaluated...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Mandeep Dhillon, Ankit Khurana, Sharad Prabhakar, Siddharth Sharma
The anterior end of calcaneum fractures can present as inversion injuries, stress fractures or as a part of displaced intraarticular calcaneum fracture. Rarely, these may occur due to abduction injury from a laterally directed force that crushes the anterior calcaneum instead of the cuboid, and has associated medial column injuries which are unrecognized. Compression fractures of the anterior calcaneum are actually lateral column shortening injuries with poor outcomes in the few published reports. We describe three patients with compression fractures of the anterior end of calcaneum resulting from foot abduction injury which were managed by reduction and column length restoration via distraction by external fixator...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Dror Lakstein, Alexander Bermant, Evgeny Shoihetman, David Hendel, Zeev Feldbrin
Background: Conventionally, the extended lateral approach (ELA) served as the standard extensile approach for intraarticular calcaneal fracture fixation. However, this approach has a high rate of wound complications. The purpose of this study was to describe an alternative approach, the posteriorlateral approach (PLA) and compare it to the ELA regarding soft tissue complications and functional outcome. Materials and Methods: 32 patients operated through PLA and 66 patients treated through ELA were included in this retrospective study...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Fabio J R Pencle, Jason A Seale, Amala Benny, Stephania Salomon, Ashley Simela, Kingsley R Chin
Background: Authors aim to determine patients' preference for surgical incision and factors affecting the decision for surgery to the anterior neck. Methods: A questionnaire was presented prior to evaluation and if preceded to surgery followup given. Results: 243 patients completed questionnaire, with 60% female population and younger than 50 years. 151 patients preferred a transverse midline incision with a statistically significant increase in outcomes and cosmesis importance and a decrease in the importance of board certification...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Vijay Anand Balasubramanian, Balaji Douraiswami, Suresh Subramani
Introduction: Lumbar spondylolisthesis is a common cause of morbidity in middle aged individuals. Spinal fusion with instrumentation has become the gold standard for lumbar segmental instability. Studies which correlate the improvement in radiology postoperatively with functional outcome show contrasting reports. This study is aimed at finding the correlation between clinical and radiological outcomes after surgery with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Methods: A retrospective study in 35 patients who underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in a period of 1 year was done...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Suruchi Garg, Nishat Khan, Shyamkumar Makadia
Background: Aging is an inevitable biological change, but understanding the process of aging of face is important to customize the treatment options for facial rejuvenation. Evidencebased estimation of global facial aging is necessary for the validation of various treatment modalities. Aims: Classification and implementation of a scoring system for aging face based upon volume loss and surface changes as evident by drooping of different areas of the face and appearance of fine and deep wrinkles, respectively, and to apply this drooping-wrinkles classification on 54 participants to evaluate and understand the validity of scoring...
June 5, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Konstantinos Tselios, Dafna D Gladman, Zahi Touma, Jiandong Su, Nicole Anderson, Murray B Urowitz
OBJECTIVE: Disease course in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is primarily relapsing-remitting. Long quiescent and chronically active patterns are less frequent. We recently described an atypical "monophasic" course in a small number of patients. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of such patients in a defined SLE cohort. METHODS: The inception patients of the University of Toronto Lupus Clinic (enrolled within 18 mos of diagnosis) were investigated...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
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