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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725958/immune-surveillance-plays-a-role-in-locally-aggressive-giant-cell-lesions-of-bone
#1
REVIEW
Ahmad Al-Sukaini, Francis J Hornicek, Zachary S Peacock, Leonard B Kaban, Soldano Ferrone, Joseph H Schwab
BACKGROUND: Giant cell lesions are locally aggressive intraosseous neoplasms with capacity to metastasize. The role of immune surveillance in the pathophysiology of giant cell lesions is poorly understood, and understanding what role the immune system plays in giant cell lesions may lead to the development of more effective treatment. The aim of this study was to explore the role of immune surveillance in giant cell lesions by examining the expression of the HLA class I and class II antigens and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725576/cost-consideration-in-utilization-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Ryan Hutchinson, Yair Lotan
The screening, evaluation and management of prostate cancer changed significantly in the last decade. The recommendations regarding prostate cancer screening continue to evolve with new revelations about existing data sets and longer followup of landmark trials. Robotics has gained the vast majority of the marketplace for surgically managed prostate cancer in rapid fashion. The need for intervention in low risk prostate cancer has been closely examined and more men are being expectantly managed than ever before...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721601/high-survivorship-and-few-complications-with-cementless-total-wrist-arthroplasty-at-a-mean-followup-of-9-years
#3
Joseph A Gil, Robin N Kamal, Eugene Cone, Arnold-Peter C Weiss
BACKGROUND: Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) has been described as traditionally being performed with fixation in the radius and carpus with cement. The TWA implant used in our series has been associated with promising results in studies with up to 6 years followup; however, studies evaluating survivorship, pain, and function with this implant are limited. QUESTION/PURPOSE: (1) To report ROM and pain scores after wrist reconstruction with cementless fourth-generation TWA at a mean followup of 9 years (range, 4...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718171/younger-patients-and-men-achieve-higher-outcome-scores-than-older-patients-and-women-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that functional performance and validated outcome scores differ according to the gender, age, and sport participation status of a patient after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, the impact of these three factors, and interaction among them, has not been studied across a large relatively homogeneous group of patients to better elucidate their impact. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We reviewed a large cohort of patients who had undergone ACL reconstruction to determine if ROM, knee laxity, objective performance measures, and validated outcome scores differed according to (1) gender; (2) age; and (3) sport participation status...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713523/cementless-one-stage-bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-osteoarthritis-patients-functional-outcomes-and-complications
#5
Afshin Taheriazam, Amin Saeidinia
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the successful and cost-benefit surgical treatments. One-stage bilateral THA (BTHA) has a large number of advantages, although there are concerns about the higher complications in this procedure. Aim of our study was to evaluate the complications and outcomes of cementless one-stage BTHA in osteoarthritis patients. A total of 147 patients from 2009 till 2012, underwent one-stage BTHA in Milad and Erfan hospitals, Tehran, Iran. A prospective analysis of the functional outcomes and complications of one-stage BTHA through Hardinge approach in patients with osteoarthritis was performed...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712671/analysis-of-stereotactic-biopsies-performed-on-suspicious-calcifications-identified-within-24-months-after-completion-of-breast-conserving-surgery-and-radiation-therapy-for-early-breast-cancer-can-biopsy-be-obviated
#6
Rosalind P Candelaria, Palita Hansakul, Alastair M Thompson, Huong Le-Petross, Vicente Valero, Roland Bassett, Monica L Huang, Lumarie Santiago, Beatriz E Adrada
BACKGROUND: To determine the cancer yield of stereotactic biopsy of suspicious calcifications identified within 24 months after breast conservation therapy (BCT). METHODS: Retrospective review of stereotactic biopsies performed during 2009-2013 for suspicious calcifications in the ipsilateral breast of patients who completed BCT. RESULTS: 94/2773 (3.4%) had stereotactic biopsies for suspicious calcifications in the ipsilateral breast; 7/94 (7...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711881/clinical-utility-of-ykl-40-in-polymyositis-dermatomyositis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#7
Hironao Hozumi, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Noriyuki Enomoto, Ran Nakashima, Yasunori Enomoto, Yuzo Suzuki, Masato Kono, Masato Karayama, Kazuki Furuhashi, Akihiro Murakami, Naoki Inui, Yutaro Nakamura, Tsuneyo Mimori, Takafumi Suda
OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is involved in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM), a disease associated with poor prognoses. Chitinase-3-like-1 protein (YKL-40) has pleiotropic biological activities involved in inflammation, cell proliferation, and tissue remodeling; however, the clinical application of YKL-40 remains limited. We investigated the clinical significance of YKL-40 in PM/DM-ILD. METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutive patients with PM/DM-ILD and 34 healthy controls were analyzed...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711879/the-prevalence-incidence-and-progression-of-hand-osteoarthritis-in-relation-to-body-mass-index-smoking-and-alcohol-consumption
#8
Ida K Haugen, Karin Magnusson, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent that overweight/obesity, smoking, and alcohol are associated with prevalence and longitudinal changes of radiographic hand osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (n = 1232) were included, of whom 994 had 4-year followup data. In analyses on incident hand OA, only persons without hand OA at baseline were included (n = 406). Our exposure variables were overweight/obesity [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference], smoking (current/former, smoking pack-yrs), and alcohol consumption (drinks/week)...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711878/fat-mass-lowers-the-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-blockers-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#9
Sebastián E Ibáñez Vodnizza, Michael T Nurmohamed, Ingrid M Visman, J Christiaan van Denderen, Willem F Lems, Francisca Jaime, Irene E van der Horst-Bruinsma
OBJECTIVE: Our main objective was to assess the relationship between body composition (BC) and response to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) blocker treatment in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Our secondary objective was to evaluate the change of BC after treatment, accounting for sex and age. METHODS: All included patients fulfilled the modified New York criteria for AS and were naive to TNF-α blocker. They were followed for at least 6 months after the start of etanercept or adalimumab...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707110/what-factors-are-associated-with-90-day-episode-of-care-payments-for-younger-patients-with-total-joint-arthroplasty
#10
Shweta Pathak, Cecilia M Ganduglia, Samir S Awad, Wenyaw Chan, John M Swint, Robert O Morgan
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been identified as a procedure with substantial variations in inpatient and postacute care payments. Most studies in this area have focused primarily on the Medicare population and rarely have characterized the younger commercially insured populations. Understanding the inpatient and postdischarge care service-component differences across 90-day episodes of care and factors associated with payments for younger patients is crucial for successful implementation of bundled payments in TJA in non-Medicare populations...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699610/survival-and-recovery-in-severely-wasted-under-five-children-without-community-management-of-acute-malnutrition-programme
#11
Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Sikha Sinha, Neha Sareen, R M Pandey, Umesh Kapil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recovery and survival of severely wasted children without community management of acute malnutrition programme. DESIGN: Single time point follow-up (24th December 2013 - 2nd April, 2014) of severely wasted children identified in a community-based cross-sectional survey (September 2012 - October 2013). SETTING: Rural Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, India. PARTICIPANTS: 409 severely wasted (WHO weight-for-height <-3Z), 6- to 59-month-old children...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699149/is-the-clavicula-pro-humero-technique-of-value-for-reconstruction-after-resection-of-the-proximal-humerus-in-children
#12
Dominique Barbier, Benoît De Billy, Philippe Gicquel, Sophie Bourelle, Pierre Journeau
BACKGROUND: There are several options for reconstruction of proximal humerus resections after wide resection for malignant tumors in children. The clavicula pro humero technique is a biologic option that has been used in the past, but there are only scant case reports and small series that comment on the results of the procedure. Because the longevity of children mandates a reconstruction with potential longevity not likely to be achieved by other techniques, the clavicula pro humero technique may be a potential option in selected patients...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699147/what-are-the-complications-survival-and-outcomes-after-revision-to-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-older-than-80-years
#13
Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Nicholas J Clark, Andrew T Assenmacher, Brian T Samuelsen, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling
BACKGROUND: By the time patients with a failed shoulder arthroplasty require revision surgery, a substantial number are older than 80 years. The risk of complications of revision arthroplasty in this elderly population is largely unknown and needs to be considered when contemplating whether these patients are too frail for revision surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What are the 90-day medical and surgical complications after revision to reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients older than 80 years? (2) What are the 2- and 5-year survival rates after revision? (3) Was there an improvement in pain at rest or with activity, range of motion (ROM), and strength after revision surgery? METHODS: Between 2004 and 2013, 38 patients who were older than 80 years (84 ± 3 years) underwent revision surgery to a RSA...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697858/accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-for-elderly-women-with-early-breast-cancer-a-compromise-between-whole-breast-irradiation-and-omission-of-radiotherapy
#14
Shakeel Sumodhee, Johan Levy, Emmanuel Chamorey, Daniel Lam Cham Kee, Marie-Eve Chand, Mathieu Gautier, Isabelle Peyrottes, Emmanuel Barranger, Jean-Michel Hannoun-Levi
PURPOSE: Regarding adjuvant radiation therapy making decision for elderly women, Albert (2013) published a nomogram predicting the mastectomy-free survival (MFS) rate with or without adjuvant irradiation. Based on this approach, we proposed to investigate the use of accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) vs. whole breast irradiation (WBI) or endocrine therapy alone in elderly low-risk breast cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For each elderly woman treated by conserving surgery and APBI (multicatheter interstitial high-dose-rate brachytherapy), 5- and 10-year MFS rates were calculated...
July 8, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690952/targeted-radiofrequency-ablation-as-an-adjunct-in-treatment-of-lumbar-facet-cysts
#15
Jesse Hatgis, Michelle Granville, Aldo Berti, Robert E Jacobson
Lumbar facet cysts are frequently found in patients with facet degeneration and segmental instability. When the facet cyst is localized in the neural foramina and lateral recess or becomes large, it can cause radiculopathy or neurogenic claudication. These symptomatic cysts are typically treated interventionally with drainage and a corticosteroid injection or attempts via overinflation to rupture the cyst; however, these procedures have a significant recurrence rate (up to 50%) and often need to be repeated or lead to lumbar surgery if unsuccessful...
June 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688019/what-are-the-risk-factors-and-complications-associated-with-intraoperative-and-postoperative-fractures-in-total-wrist-arthroplasty
#16
Eric R Wagner, Jason J Srnec, Kapil Mehrotra, Marco Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) can relieve pain and preserve some wrist motion in patients with advanced wrist arthritis. However, few studies have evaluated the risks and outcomes associated with periprosthetic fractures around TWAs. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What is the risk of intraoperative and postoperative fractures after TWAs? (2) What factors are associated with increased risk of intraoperative and postoperative fracture after TWAs? (3) What is the fracture-free and revision-free survivorship of TWAs among patients who sustained an intraoperative fracture during the index TWA? METHODS: At one institution during a 40-year period, 445 patients underwent primary TWAs...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688017/what-factors-predict-conversion-to-tha-after-arthroscopy
#17
John M Redmond, Asheesh Gupta, Kevin Dunne, Ammar Humayun, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Failure of hip preservation to alleviate symptoms potentially subjects the patient to reoperation or conversion surgery to THA, adding recovery time, risk, and cost. A risk calculator using an algorithm that can predict the likelihood that a patient who undergoes arthroscopic hip surgery will undergo THA within 2 years would be helpful, but to our knowledge, no such tool exists. QUESTIONS: (1) Are there preoperative and intraoperative variables at the time of hip arthroscopy associated with subsequent conversion to THA? (2) Can these variables be used to develop a predictive tool for conversion to THA? MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing arthroscopy from January 2009 through December 2011 were registered in our longitudinal database...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681354/does-postoperative-glenoid-retroversion-affect-the-2-year-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#18
Benjamin C Service, Jason E Hsu, Jeremy S Somerson, Stacy M Russ, Frederick A Matsen
BACKGROUND: While glenoid retroversion and posterior humeral head decentering are common preoperative features of severely arthritic glenohumeral joints, the relationship of postoperative glenoid component retroversion to the clinical results of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is unclear. Studies have indicated concern for inferior outcomes when glenoid components are inserted in 15° or more retroversion. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a population of patients undergoing TSA in whom no specific efforts were made to change the version of the glenoid, we asked whether at 2 years after surgery patients having glenoid components implanted in 15° or greater retroversion had (1) less improvement in the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) score and lower SST scores; (2) higher percentages of central peg lucency, higher Lazarus radiolucency grades, higher mean percentages of posterior decentering, and more frequent central peg perforation; or (3) a greater percentage having revision for glenoid component failure compared with patients with glenoid components implanted in less than 15° retroversion...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671938/cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-rates-and-outcomes-for-patients-with-heart-failure
#19
Jason L Rengo, Patrick D Savage, Trace Barrett, Philip A Ades
PURPOSE: Exercise training has been shown to reduce combined cardiovascular mortality and hospitalizations in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Whereas there are extensive data on exercise training for individuals with HFrEF in a research setting, the experience of delivering cardiac rehabilitation (CR) services in the clinical setting has not been well described. With little knowledge regarding the number of qualifying patients with HFrEF in the United States, we described our 18-month experience recruiting hospitalized inpatients and stable outpatients into phase 2 CR...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671932/associations-of-exercise-tolerance-with-hemodynamic-parameters-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-for-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#20
Yasunori Tsuboi, Hidekazu Tanaka, Ryo Nishio, Takuma Sawa, Daisuke Terashita, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Yoshitada Sakai, Noriaki Emoto, Ken-Ichi Hirata
PURPOSE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) are the main subgroups of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Despite differences in their etiologies, both diseases are characterized by vascular remodeling, resulting in progressive right heart failure. Noninvasive periodic evaluation of exercise tolerance has become increasingly important. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) are now both recommended for evaluating exercise tolerance, but there is insufficient knowledge about possible differences in the associations of exercise tolerance with right heart catheterization (RHC) data for patients with PAH and CTEPH...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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