keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nicotine patch

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458324/smoking-cessation-therapy-in-australian-and-new-zealand-intensive-care-units-a-multicentre-point-prevalence-study
#1
Forbes McGain, Matthew L Durie, Samantha Bates, Christine M Polmear, Jason Meyer, Craig J French
OBJECTIVE: To obtain an accurate estimate of smoking prevalence and smoking cessation support practices, including nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), in Australian and New Zealand intensive care units (ICUs). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional, observational study using data obtained from adult ICUs participating in the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group Point Prevalence Program in 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence and intensity of current smoking, baseline characteristics of smokers in comparison with non-smokers and frequency of NRT use while admitted to the ICU...
March 2018: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444289/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviors-of-health-professionals-towards-smoking-cessation-in-primary-healthcare-settings
#2
Abdullah Matouq, Yousef Khader, Albaraa Khader, Anas Al-Rabadi, Mousa Al Omari, Ibrahim Iblan, Nihaya Al-Sheyab
This study aimed to assess the behaviors of multiple health professionals in primary healthcare settings in Jordan towards smoking cessation counseling and to determine the barriers to effective smoking cessation behaviors. A survey of 456 health professionals in primary healthcare settings was conducted. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect the data. About half of health professionals reported that they usually ask patients about smoking status and advise them to stop smoking (51.4% and 50...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427655/nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-are-associated-with-ketamine-induced-neuronal-apoptosis-in-the-developing-rat-retina
#3
Lingqi Gao, Junde Han, Jie Bai, Jing Dong, Sen Zhang, Mazhong Zhang, Jijian Zheng
Early synchronized spontaneous network activity is a hallmark of the brain growth spurt period, during which general anesthetics cause widespread neuronal apoptosis and subsequent cognitive dysfunction. However, the relationship of such activity to anesthetic-induced neuronal apoptosis remains to be determined. In this study, we utilized patch-clamp electrophysiological recording, immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL assays to investigate the potential roles of spontaneous network activity in ketamine-induced neuronal apoptosis during early development...
February 7, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403297/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-using-data-from-the-eagles-trial
#4
Christine L Baker, Guilhem Pietri
Background: The cost-effectiveness of varenicline has been demonstrated in the US health care setting using the Benefits of Smoking Cessation on Outcomes (BENESCO) model to simulate the lifetime direct costs and consequences of a hypothetical cohort of US adult smokers who make a single attempt to quit. The aim of this study was to undertake an updated cost-effectiveness analysis, using current epidemiology inputs and recently published smoking cessation data from the Evaluating Adverse Events in a Global Smoking Cessation Study (EAGLES), the largest clinical trial of smoking cessation pharmacotherapies conducted to date...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394003/pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-two-nicotine-patches-in-smokers
#5
Scott Rasmussen, Kathleen Halabuk Horkan, Mitchell Kotler
Smoking continues to be a major preventable cause of early mortality worldwide, and nicotine replacement therapy has been demonstrated to increase rates of abstinence among smokers attempting to quit. Nicotine transdermal systems (also known as nicotine patches) attach to the skin via an adhesive layer composed of a mixture of different-molecular-weight polyisobutylenes (PIBs) in a specific ratio. This randomized, single-dose, 2-treatment, crossover pharmacokinetic (PK) trial assessed the bioequivalence of nicotine patches including a replacement PIB adhesive (test) compared with the PIB adhesive historically used on marketed patches (reference)...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385578/factors-influencing-the-impact-of-pharmacogenomic-prescribing-on-adherence-to-nicotine-replacement-therapy-a-qualitative-study-of-participants-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Alison J Wright, Stephen Sutton, David Armstrong, Paul Aveyard, Ann Louise Kinmonth, Theresa M Marteau
Pharmacogenomics may improve health outcomes in two ways: by more precise and therefore more effective prescribing, tailored to genotype, and by increasing perceived effectiveness of treatments and so motivation for adherence. Little is known about patients' experiences of, and reactions to, receiving pharmacogenomically tailored treatments. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of pharmacogenomic prescribing of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) on smokers' initial expectations of quit success, adherence, and perceived important differences from previous quit attempts...
January 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364128/investigating-the-effect-of-perinatal-nicotine-exposure-on-dopaminergic-neurons-in-the-vta-using-mirna-expression-profiles
#7
Renee F Keller, Pinar Kanlikilicer, Andrei Dragomir, Yantao Fan, Yasemin M Akay, Metin Akay
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with developmental, cognitive, and behavioral disorders, including low birth weight, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities, and drug abuse later in life. Nicotine activates the reward-driven behavior characteristic of drug abuse. Dopaminergic (DA) neurons originating from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the brain, which are stimulated by nicotine and other stimuli, are widely implicated in the natural reward pathway that is known to contribute to addiction...
December 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351507/-i-smoke-like-this-to-suppress-these-issues-that-are-flaws-of-my-character-challenges-and-facilitators-of-cessation-among-smokers-with-bipolar-disorder
#8
Jaimee L Heffner, Noreen L Watson, Jennifer B McClure, Robert M Anthenelli, Sarah Hohl, Jonathan B Bricker
OBJECTIVE: Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) have low rates of successful quitting, yet no prior studies have evaluated the process of quitting among these smokers in the context of a current quit attempt. To facilitate development of more effective interventions, we conducted a qualitative exploration of challenges and facilitators of quitting in an intervention study for smokers with BD. METHODS: Participants were adult daily smokers with BD (n = 10) who completed a 10-week smoking cessation intervention consisting of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and nicotine patch...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321008/effects-of-a-culturally-specific-tobacco-cessation-intervention-among-african-american-quitline-enrollees-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Monica Webb Hooper, Kelly Carpenter, Michael Payne, Ken Resnicow
BACKGROUND: African Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-related illness and have more difficulty quitting smoking than other racial/ethnic groups. Previous research indicates that African American treatment-seekers are high utilizers of tobacco quitlines, yet cessation rates via quitlines are lower relative to whites. The goal of the present study is to test the effectiveness of adding a culturally specific, video-based, adjunct to standard quitline care. It is hypothesized that the integration of an evidence-based intervention (Pathways to Freedom: Leading the Way to a Smoke-Free Community©; PTF) into quitline services will increase cessation and treatment engagement compared to control conditions, and that effects will be moderated by sociocultural factors (e...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313652/lung-cancer-smoking-cessation
#10
Kelly M Latimer
Smoking cessation for patients who smoke should be a top priority for physicians. Nicotine dependence should be considered a chronic disease, with the expectation that relapse is normal. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that physicians screen all adults for tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to adults who use tobacco. It also recommends use of the 5 As (ie, Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange) in discussing tobacco use with patients...
January 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304395/electronic-cigarettes-for-adults-with-tobacco-dependence-enrolled-in-a-tobacco-treatment-program-a-pilot-study
#11
Stephen R Baldassarri, Steven L Bernstein, Geoffrey L Chupp, Martin D Slade, Lisa M Fucito, Benjamin A Toll
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have emerged as a potential harm-reducing alternative for tobacco smokers. However, the role ECs might play in treatment settings is unclear. We conducted an exploratory study of treatment-seeking smokers enrolling in a standard tobacco treatment program who were provided with either a nicotine or non-nicotine EC to use as needed to cease tobacco smoking. METHODS: Treatment-seeking smokers received standard tobacco treatment for 8weeks and were given nicotine transdermal patch therapy, behavioral counseling, and either a nicotine or non-nicotine EC to use as needed...
November 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275967/effectiveness-and-safety-of-varenicline-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-among-mental-health-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
C A Jimenez-Ruiz, J F Pascual-Lledó, A Cícero-Guerrero, M Cristóbal-Fernández, M Mayayo-Ulibarri, C Villar-Laguna
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effectiveness and safety of two smoking cessation medications (varenicline and nicotine patches) in patients with controlled psychiatric disorders in daily practice in a Smoking Cessation Service. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. It was carried on at a smoking cessation clinic in Madrid and used a convenience sampling strategy. We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with psychiatric disorders who attended a Smoking Cessation Service...
December 21, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248576/counteracting-desensitization-of-human-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-with-bispyridinium-compounds-as-an-approach-against-organophosphorus-poisoning
#13
Corinna Scheffel, Karin V Niessen, Sebastian Rappenglück, Klaus T Wanner, Horst Thiermann, Franz Worek, Thomas Seeger
Irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) resulting in accumulation of acetylcholine and overstimulation of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors accounts for the acute toxicity of organophosphorus compounds (OP). Accordingly, the mainstay pharmacotherapy against poisoning by OP comprises the competitive muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist atropine to treat muscarinic effects and, in addition, oximes to reactivate inhibited AChE. A therapeutic gap still remains in the treatment of desensitized nicotinic acetylcholine receptors following OP exposure...
December 14, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225440/smoking-urges-during-treatment-and-long-term-cessation-among-low-income-african-americans
#14
Monica Webb Hooper, Noella A Dietz, Joseph C Wilson
Objective: The urge to smoke is a predictor of smoking relapse. Little research has focused on the impact of acute urges during treatment among African Americans. This study examined the relationship between smoking urges and long-term abstinence among treatment seekers. Design: Longitudinal prospective investigation. Urges to smoke were assessed at the initial (session 1) and final (session 8) sessions among adult smokers (N=308) enrolled in a 4-week group intervention trial...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200999/confirming-a-role-for-%C3%AE-9nachrs-and-sk-potassium-channels-in-type-ii-hair-cells-of-the-turtle-posterior-crista
#15
Xiaorong Xu Parks, Donatella Contini, Paivi M Jordan, Joseph C Holt
In turtle posterior cristae, cholinergic vestibular efferent neurons (VENs) synapse on type II hair cells, bouton afferents innervating type II hair cells, and afferent calyces innervating type I hair cells. Electrical stimulation of VENs releases acetylcholine (ACh) at these synapses to exert diverse effects on afferent background discharge including rapid inhibition of bouton afferents and excitation of calyx-bearing afferents. Efferent-mediated inhibition is most pronounced in bouton afferents innervating type II hair cells near the torus, but becomes progressively smaller and briefer when moving longitudinally through the crista toward afferents innervating the planum...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191791/electrophysiological-investigation-of-the-effect-of-structurally-different-bispyridinium-non-oxime-compounds-on-human-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-activity-an-in-vitro-structure-activity-analysis
#16
Corinna Scheffel, Karin V Niessen, Sebastian Rappenglück, Klaus T Wanner, Horst Thiermann, Franz Worek, Thomas Seeger
Organophosphorus compounds, including nerve agents and pesticides, exert their toxicity through irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) resulting in an accumulation of acetylcholine and functional impairment of muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Current therapy comprises oximes to reactivate AChE and atropine to antagonize effects induced by muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. Nicotinic malfunction leading to depression of the central and peripheral respiratory system is not directly treated calling for alternative therapeutic interventions...
November 27, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161166/helping-smokers-with-severe-mental-illness-who-do-not-want-to-quit
#17
Bruce A Christiansen, Julianne Carbin, Erin TerBeek, Michael C Fiore
BACKGROUND: People with a severe and persistent mental illness are far more likely to smoke than others. While a large portion would like to quit, they are less likely to make quit attempts and succeed. OBJECTIVE: This study used an Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) to test an intervention designed to increase engagement in cessation treatment, quit attempts, and quitting in smokers who did not want to quit in the next 30 days. It also compared these smokers with those who were motivated to quit in the next 30 days...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148565/tobacco-cessation-interventions-for-young-people
#18
REVIEW
Thomas R Fanshawe, William Halliwell, Nicola Lindson, Paul Aveyard, Jonathan Livingstone-Banks, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Most tobacco control programmes for adolescents are based around prevention of uptake, but teenage smoking is still common. It is unclear if interventions that are effective for adults can also help adolescents to quit. This is the update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that help young people to stop smoking tobacco. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group's Specialized Register in June 2017...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131336/molecular-function-of-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-receptors-as-drug-targets
#19
Cecilia Bouzat, Matías Lasala, Beatriz Elizabeth Nielsen, Jeremías Corradi, María Del Carmen Esandi
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are pentameric ligand-gated ion channels involved in many physiological and pathological processes. In vertebrates, there are seventeen different nAChR subunits that combine to yield a variety of receptors with different pharmacology, function, and localization. The homomeric α7 receptor is one of the most abundant nAChRs in the nervous system and it is also present in non-neuronal cells. It plays important roles in cognition, memory, pain, neuroprotection, and inflammation...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059451/nicotine-increases-activation-to-anticipatory-valence-cues-in-anterior-insula-and-striatum
#20
Lauren V Moran, Luke E Stoeckel, Kristina Wang, Carolyn E Caine, Rosemond Villafuerte, Vanessa Calderon, Justin T Baker, Dost Ongur, Amy C Janes, Diego A Pizzagalli, A Eden Evins
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Understanding the neurobiology of the rewarding effects of nicotine promises to aid treatment development for nicotine dependence. Through its actions on mesolimbic dopaminergic systems, nicotine engenders enhanced responses to drug-related cues signaling rewards, a mechanism hypothesized to underlie the development and maintenance of nicotine addiction. METHODS: We evaluated the effects of acute nicotine on neural responses to anticipatory cues signaling (non-drug) monetary reward or loss among 11 non-smokers who had no prior history of tobacco smoking...
September 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
keyword
keyword
103941
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"