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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732418/expanding-horizon-of-neuroendoscopic-procedure-from-endoscopic-assisted-tumor-resection-vascular-surgery-and-management-of-hydrocephalus-to-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management-of-pyogenic-ventriculitis
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732382/novel-strategies-to-prevent-the-development-of-multidrug-resistance-mdr-in-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Jinglu Wang, Nicole Seebacher, Huirong Shi, Quancheng Kan, Zhenfeng Duan
The development of multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major challenges to the success of traditional chemotherapy treatment in cancer patients. Most studies to date have focused on strategies to reverse MDR following its development. However, agents utilizing this approach have proven to be of limited clinical use, failing to demonstrate an improvement in therapeutic efficacy with almost no significant survival benefits observed in cancer clinical trials. An alternative approach that has been applied is to prevent or delay MDR prior or early in its development...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732371/the-impacts-of-surgery-of-the-primary-cancer-and-radiotherapy-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-metastatic-rectal-cancer
#3
Duo Tong, Fei Liu, Wenhua Li, Wen Zhang
The role of surgery of the primary cancer and radiation in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is still controversial currently, and evidence implied that colon cancer (CC) and rectal cancer (RC) should be treated with difference. Hence we focused on metastatic rectal cancer (mRC) solely to compare the cancer cause-specific survival (CSS) of patients receiving varied treatments of the primary cancer: no treatment, surgery only, radiation only, and surgery plus radiation, based on the records of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732186/assessing-the-impact-of-surgeon-experience-on-urinary-continence-recovery-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-results-of-four-high-volume-surgeons
#4
Nicola Fossati, Ettore Di Trapani, Giorgio Gandaglia, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Paolo Umari, Nicolò Maria Buffi, Giorgio Guazzoni, Alexander Mottrie, Franco Gaboardi, Francesco Montorsi, Alberto Briganti, Nazareno Suardi
PURPOSE: To test the impact of surgeon experience on urinary continence (UC) recovery after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 1477 consecutive patients treated with RARP by four surgeons between 2006 and 2014. UC recovery was defined as being completely dry over a 24-hour period at follow-up. Surgeon experience was coded as the total number of RARP performed by the surgeon before the patient's operation. Multivariable analysis tested the association between surgeon experience and UC recovery...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732163/diamines-can-initiate-new-particle-formation-in-the-atmosphere
#5
Jonas Elm, Monica Passananti, Theo Kurtén, Hanna Vehkamaki
Recent experimental evidence suggests that diamines can enhance atmospheric new particle formation more efficiently compared to monoamines such as dimethylamine. Here we investigate the molecular interactions between sulfuric acid (sa) and the di- amine putrescine (put) using computational methods. The molecular structure of up to four sulfuric acid molecules and up to four putrescine molecules were obtained at the ωB97X-D/6-31++G(d,p) level of theory. We utilized a domain local pair natural orbital coupled cluster method - DLPNO-CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ - to obtain highly accurate binding energies of the clusters...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732028/the-individual-and-contextual-determinants-of-the-use-of-telemedicine-a-descriptive-study-of-the-perceptions-of-senegal-s-physicians-and-telemedicine-projects-managers
#6
Birama Apho Ly, Ronald Labonté, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Mbayang Ndiaye Niang
Telemedicine is considered to be an effective strategy to aid in the recruitment and retention of physicians in underserved areas and, in doing so, improve access to healthcare. Telemedicine's use, however, depends on individual and contextual factors. Using a mixed methods design, we studied these factors in Senegal based on a micro, meso and macro framework. A quantitative questionnaire administered to 165 physicians working in public hospitals and 151 physicians working in district health centres was used to identify individual (micro) factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732013/the-kp1_4563-gene-is-regulated-by-the-camp-receptor-protein-and-controls-type-3-fimbrial-function-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-ntuh-k2044
#7
Mei Luo, Shiya Yang, Xuan Li, Pin Liu, Jian Xue, Xipeng Zhou, Kewen Su, Xuan Xu, Ying Qing, Jingfu Qiu, Yingli Li
Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is an opportunistic pathogen that can adhere to host cells or extracellular matrix via type 1 and type 3 fimbriae. KP1_4563 is a gene encoding a hypothetical protein in K. pneumoniae NTUH-K2044. KP1_4563 is located between the type 1 and type 3 fimbrial gene clusters and is likely associated with fimbrial function given its putative conserved domains of unknown function (DUF1471). Cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) regulates virulence-related gene expression and is a crucial transcriptional regulator in many bacteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731956/laparoscopic-intragastric-surgery-with-endoscopic-assistance-a-2-gastrostomy-approach-with-multiple-applications
#8
Emmanuel Gabriel, Kelly Rosso, Danish Shahab, Rupen Shah, Andrew Bain, Moshim Kukar, Steven N Hochwald
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic intragastric resection is a surgical modality with acceptable oncologic outcomes for gastrointestinal stromal tumors and leiomyomas, particularly for masses located near the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). We describe our technique of 2 gastrostomy laparoscopic, intragastric resection with endoscopic assistance. METHODS: We detail our technique and report a unique application of this versatile approach. RESULTS: Between December 2015 and July 2016, 4 patients underwent our combined technique of intragastric surgery...
July 20, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731954/laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-single-team-preliminary-experience
#9
Xiaohui Duan, Bo Jiang, Lixue Zhou, Jianhui Yang, Bingzhang Tian, Huiming Wen, Xianhai Mao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe the authors' experience and the perioperative outcome for laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Perioperative clinical data of 57 consecutive pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) procedures performed from January 2014 to May 2016 in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The median of operative time was 315 minutes (range, 220 to 575 min) and the median of intraoperative estimated blood loss was 200 mL (range, 100 to 550 mL)...
July 20, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731871/online-family-problem-solving-for-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-influences-of-parental-marital-status-and-participation-on-adolescent-outcomes
#10
Stacey P Raj, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Tanya M Brown, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of parent marital status and participation on efficacy of an online family problem-solving intervention for pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Participants were 132 adolescents (12-17 years) who had sustained a recent (<6 months) TBI and their parents. Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (Counselor-Assisted Problem Solving, CAPS) or an Internet resource comparison (IRC) condition. CAPS was designed to support families in the initial phase following TBI, by teaching problem-solving skills and addressing common challenges...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731809/reply-to-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-assists-in-differentiating-vascular-calcification-from-malignant-calcification
#11
Regina J Hooley, Liane E Philpotts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731806/digital-breast-tomosynthesis-assists-in-differentiating-vascular-calcification-from-malignant-calcification
#12
Yamin Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731723/dft-assisted-polymorph-identification-from-lattice-raman-fingerprinting
#13
Natalia Bedoya Martínez, Benedikt Schrode, Andrew O F Jones, Tommaso Salzillo, Christian Ruzié, Nicola Demitri, Yves Henri Geerts, Elisabetta Venuti, Raffaele Guido Della Valle, Egbert Zojer, Roland Resel
A combined experimental and theoretical approach, consisting of lattice phonon Raman spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, is proposed as a tool for lattice dynamics characterization and polymorph phase identification. To illustrate the reliability of the method, the lattice phonon Raman spectra of two polymorphs of the molecule 2,7-dioctyloxy[1]benzothieno[3,2-{\it b}]benzothiophene are investigated. We show that DFT calculations of the lattice vibrations based on the known crystal structures, including many body dispersion van der Waals (MBD-vdW) corrections, predict experimental data within an accuracy of $\ll$ 5 \ru{} ($\ll$ 0...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731658/rights-of-persons-with-conditions-associated-with-disability-current-legal-framework
#14
Graciela Moya
The objective of this review study is to promote the dissemination of the legislation in force in Argentina for the protection of the rights of persons with conditions that might cause disability. Articles of bills and laws that protect the rights of these families are reviewed, so that health care providers assisting them have better access to them. Argentina has a wide range of laws and regulations dedicated to protecting them, but they are generally not clearly recognized by citizens. The aim is to disseminate this information in the medical setting so that health care providers can help patients recognize their rights through empowerment...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731651/fluid-balance-and-length-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-children-admitted-to-a-single-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#15
Solange Vidal, Augusto Pérez, Pablo Eulmesekian
INTRODUCTION: Associations between cumulative fluid balance and a prolonged duration of assisted mechanical ventilation have been described in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether fluid balance in the first 48 hours of assisted mechanical ventilation initiation was associated with a prolonged duration of this process among children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). METHODS: Retrospective cohort of patients in the PICU of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, between 1/1/2010 and 6/30/2012...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731649/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#16
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731638/factors-influencing-hospital-foodservice-staff-s-capacity-to-deliver-a-nutrition-intervention
#17
Jorja Collins, Catherine E Huggins, Judi Porter, Claire Palermo
AIM: Implementation of an intervention can result in a discrepancy between what was planned and what is delivered, affecting outcomes for recipients. The aim was to explore, from the perspective of hospital foodservice staff, their experiences delivering a nutrition intervention and the barriers and enablers to its implementation. METHODS: A process evaluation of a pilot study was undertaken using qualitative description. A purposive sample (n = 15) of hospital foodservice supervisors and foodservice assistants responsible for delivering a higher energy menu to hospital patients participated in focus groups and semistructured interviews...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731635/university-foodservices-potential-for-providing-environmental-education-to-students
#18
Chelsea Slobbé, Miranda Mirosa, Carla Thomson
AIMS: University foodservices are potentially well placed to foster environmental education in a non-classroom setting and so could have the power to benefit communities through producing environmentally literate graduates. Buy-in from foodservice staff is critical for realising this potential, so understanding what foodservice staff think about their foodservice engaging in the provision of environmental education is essential. The aim of this study was to identify the dominant perspectives held by university foodservice staff about the desirability and realities of fostering environmental education in their workplaces...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731634/measuring-the-quality-of-hospital-food-services-development-and-reliability-of-a-meal-quality-audit-tool
#19
Merrilyn Banks, Mary Hannan-Jones, Lynda Ross, Ann Buckley, Jennifer Ellick, Adrienne Young
AIM: To develop and test the reliability of a Meal Quality Audit Tool (MQAT) to audit the quality of hospital meals to assist food service managers and dietitians in identifying areas for improvement. METHODS: The MQAT was developed using expert opinion and was modified over time with extensive use and feedback. A phased approach was used to assess content validity and test reliability: (i) trial with 60 dietetic students, (ii) trial with 12 food service dietitians in practice and (iii) interrater reliability study...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731633/australian-consumer-awareness-of-health-benefits-associated-with-vegetable-consumption
#20
Reetica Rekhy, Aila Khan, Jocelyn Eason, Hazel Mactavish-West, Carolyn Lister, Robyn Mcconchie
AIM: The present study investigated the perceived health benefits of specific vegetable consumption to guide the use of nutrition and health claims on vegetable marketing collateral. METHODS: Free elicitation and consumer ranking data were collected through an online survey of 1000 adults from across Australia and analysed for the perceived importance of vegetables in the daily diet, number of serves consumed per day, knowledge about health-related benefits of specific vegetables and perceived health benefits of vegetable consumption...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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