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"ectopic thyroid"

Hironao Yasuoka, Yasushi Nakamura, Ken-Ichi Yoshida, Toshiro Shimo, Masayuki Tori, Yuuki Matsui, Yasushi Sakamaki, Masahiko Tsujimoto
A rare case of a metastatic ectopic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) of the lung that transformed into a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that resembles pulmonary SCC is reported. A subcutaneous ectopic PTC in the left anterior neck area, together with a normal thyroid gland, were excised. The ectopic PTC showed thyroglobulin, TTF-1 and PAX-8 immunoreactivity and a BRAF V600E mutation. During the post-operative follow-up period, a rapidly growing 2 cm nodular lesion in the lower left lobe of the lung was detected...
February 16, 2018: Pathology International
Aiwen Ma, Hongfeng Liu
RATIONALE: Ectopic thyroid is commonly found in the neck region. Intra-abdominal ectopic thyroid is extremely rare, with only 2 cases reported in the pancreatic region. Very few reports have described detailed imaging findings of intra-abdominal ectopic thyroid. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old woman with aggravated recurrent right upper quadrant pain was found to have a retroperitoneal mass at the head of pancreas. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a well-defined, high attenuated (56HU) mass measured of 60 × 50 mm in diameter, that exhibited heterogeneous contrast enhancement throughout the 3 phases...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kalyna Jakibchuk, Sophia Ali, Julie Samantray
A 40-year-old woman with a history of Graves' disease status postorbital decompression for severe ophthalmopathy underwent total thyroidectomy by a high volume thyroid surgeon in July 2013 with a benign final pathology. Eight months later, she presented with a mass on the right anterior neck that showed minimal growth over time. Her thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin and thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody levels were consistently elevated and increasing. She underwent removal of the neck mass in September 2016...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Natascha Roehlen, Szilvia Takacs, Olaf Ebeling, Jochen Seufert, Katharina Laubner
RATIONALE: Ectopic thyroid carcinoma within a thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDCCa) is an extremely rare entity. Thus, there is no unified appropriate therapeutic strategy, and individual approaches are controversial. PATIENTS CONCERNS: We report the case of a 21-year old woman who underwent Sistrunk procedure for a thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC). DIAGNOSES: During histological evaluation of the resected TGDC a papillary thyroid carcinoma was found...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ewelina Szczepanek-Parulska, Aleksandra Hernik, Marek Ruchała
Despite TSH screening in newborns is currently conducted in most developed countries, patients with thyroid ectopy born before the procedure was introduced or those in whom the screening failed to establish diagnosis, might still appear. In the paper we revise the current state of knowledge regarding the clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of patients with thyroid ectopy. As an example, we report diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in our three patients with thyroid ectopy remaining undiagnosed and untreated during early childhood...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
S Ali Imran, Adam Hinchey, Rob Hart, Martin Bullock, Andrew Ross, Steven Burrell
Ectopic thyroid is a rare developmental anomaly which may be either asymptomatic or present with thyroid dysfunction as well as pressure symptoms. Here we present a novel case of thyrotoxicosis associated with a hypopharyngeal multinodular thyroid in a female. Removal of the ectopic thyroid led to normalization of the thyroid status.
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
Henry To, Antara Karmakar, Stephen Farrell, Steve Manolas
INTRODUCTION: A separate substernal goitre which is not continuous with the main cervical thyroid proves a unique challenge for resection. A trans-cervical approach is preferred but may be hazardous due to the possibility of ectopic thyroid tissue with alternate blood supply. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 72year old female who had a previous left hemithyroidectomy presents with a symptomatic central substernal thyroid mass. Following radiological work-up, the separate goitre was carefully removed via a trans-cervical approach and avoidance of sternotomy...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sara Choukry, Jaafar Benouhoud, Ghofrane Cherkaoui Salhi, Sara Taleb, Amal Guensi, Karim Choukry
The concomitant appearance of a sublingual thyroid and primary hyperparathyroidism due to parathyroid mediastinal adenoma is not common. This co-occurrence can lead to a misdiagnosis by morphological imaging methods alone. This case emphasizes the role of 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy in the detection of parathyroid ectopic adenoma in a patient with an ectopic thyroid gland. This more accurate location of parathyroid scintigraphy is of great benefit to the surgeon for surgical excision.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
Shu-Chi Wang, Siu-Wan Hung, Chen-Hui Lee, Hao-Chung Ho, Yen-Chuan Ou, Cheng-Kuang Yang
Ectopic thyroid tissue in the adrenal gland (ETTAG) usually presents as a well-circumscribed cystic mass on a CT scan. However, the MRI features of ETTAG are incompletely understood. We report a case of ectopic thyroid tissue in the adrenal gland, which demonstrates findings similar to those of a pheochromocytoma on the MRI.
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Battaglia, Paolo Castelnuovo
Cystic lesions involving the tongue base are rare, generally presenting in pediatric patients, and they may encompass different pathologies such as ranula, lingual ectopic thyroid, thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC), dysontogenetic cysts, benign, and malignant tumors.This paper describes the case of a 19-year-old girl with phonation impairment and mild dysphagia due to limited tongue protrusion and movements. Radiologic examinations revealed a bulky cystic lesion at the base of tongue with displacement of extrinsic lingual muscles...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Vincenzo Consalvo, Gerarda Barbieri, Amalia Rosaria Rita Rossetti, Mafalda Romano, Rosaria Contieri, Salvatore Tramontano, Carmela Rescigno, Massimo Infranzi, Domenico Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: The term ectopic thyroid refers to the presence of thyroid tissue located far from its usual anatomic placement and with no vascular connection to the main gland. The presence of swelling in atypical locations is diagnostically differentiated from other pathologies like pleomorphic adenoma or carcinoma, inflammatory lesions like sialadenitis, neurogenic tumors, paraganglioma, fibrolipoma and lymphadenopaties of diverse etiologies. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present the case of a submandibular ectopic thyroid in a 67year old woman...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ayperi Ozturk, Tugba Cicek, Zafer Aktas, Funda Demirag, Aydin Yilmaz
An ectopic thyroid gland results from the abnormal migration of the thyroid in the course of its development. Primary ectopic mediastinal thyroid is very rare and occurs in less than 1% of all goiters that can be surgically excised. Ectopic thyroid tissue has a characteristic sonographic appearance as smooth-bordered, homogeneous, hypoechoic tissue with fine specular echoes. We report 3 cases of mediastinal ectopic thyroid diagnosed by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbrochial needle aspiration biopsy.
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Kiera Welman, Richard Heyes, Paras Dalal, Sarah Hough, Marciano Bunalade, Vladimir Anikin
This study aims to evaluate surgical approaches to the management of retrosternal goitre. Between 2004 and 2014, 35 patients (eight males; mean age 67.4 ± 10.9 years) with retrosternal goitre (mainly right-sided in 9, left-sided in 14 and bilateral in 12) underwent surgery. A palpable neck mass was found in 11 (31.4%), stridor in 10 (28.6%) and thyrotoxicosis in 4 (11.4%) cases. 4 (11.4%) patients were asymptomatic. Tracheal compression was detected radiologically in 27 (77.2%) patients with deviation in 18 (51...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Catherine Robitaille, Linda Ofiara, Manon Auger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Jingwen Hu, Ming Li, Lin Xu
We report a case of papillary carcinoma in a mediastinal ectopic thyroid diagnosed by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). In this case, the tumor was adjacent to the central airway; therefore, we attempted to perform EBUS-TBNA to obtain specimens for a diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Surgical resection was conducted, and histological evaluation of the resected specimen confirmed ectopic papillary thyroid carcinoma, consistent with the histology from the EBUS-TBNA specimen...
November 2017: Thoracic Cancer
Yasser Abdelhafez, Maha Khalil, Esraa Roshdy, Waleed A Diab, Lobna Eltoni
The presence of ectopic thyroid tissue in 2 or more different sites is rare. A 12-year-old girl presented with midline anterior neck swelling in the infrahyoid region with subclinical hypothyroidism. Thyroid scanning with Tc-pertechnetate was performed, and SPECT/CT was ordered for further evaluation. Two hyperdense lesions demonstrating intense radiotracer uptake were seen in the midline at the base of the tongue and infrahyoid neck. We emphasis the role of hybrid SPECT/CT for characterization and localization of suspected ectopic thyroid tissue...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Antonio Pierro, Savino Cilla, Pietro Modugno, Giuseppina Sallustio
The presence of simultaneous two ectopic foci of thyroid tissue (dual ectopic thyroid) is rare, and few cases have been reported in the literature. The ectopic thyroid tissue is an extremely uncommon embryological aberration due to the alterations occurring during the embryological development with incomplete migration of thyroid precursors. Commonly ectopic thyroid tissue is a midline structures, but the lateral location is possible but very rare. Ectopic thyroid is common in women and can vary in size from a microscopic focus to a few centimeters...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Houda Chahed, Ghada Kharrat, Rim Bechraoui, Jihene Marrakchi, Azza Mediouni, Mohamed Ben Amor, Rim Zainine, Nejeh Beltaief, Ghazi Besbes
Ectopic thyroid tissue (ETT) lateral to the midline is rare. Its occurrence in the carotid bifurcation is exceptional. We present a 45 years woman who consulted with a slow growing right cervical swelling. Clinical examination Ultrasonography, contrast enhanced CT and cervical MRI concluded to a paraganglioma. Intra-operatively, the tumor didn't have the characteristic aspect of a paraganglioma. Complete excision was performed. Histology concluded to an ectopic micro-vesicular thyroid adenoma.Previous literature was reviewed to summarize clinical and radiologic characteristics of such rare entity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Lauren Furnas, Huda Safa, Fiona Hutchinson, Lindsay Joseph, Jane E Armes
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic thyroid tissue can be found anywhere along the embryologic path of thyroid descent. Intralaryngo-tracheal thyroid tissue is the least common site of ectopia and can present with upper airways obstruction. Its presentation in the neonate is exceptional. CASE REPORT: We describe a term female neonate with subglottic thyroid tissue causing near-total occlusion of the larynx, which led to upper airways obstruction and neonatal death. CONCLUSION: This emphasizes the importance of considering intralaryngo-tracheal tumors as a cause of acute and otherwise unexplainable respiratory distress immediately after birth...
October 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
V Marković, D Eterović, A Punda, S Gračan, A Barić, M Piljić Burazer
Some patients with ectopic thyroid gland or athyreotic patients have one or more cysts in empty thyroid bed. The origin of these cysts is uncertain. We present the patient with lingual thyroid gland and small cyst in empty thyroid bed featuring the diagnostic algorithm used and discussing the possible etiologic scenarios.
June 2017: Pathologica
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