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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866035/a-unique-presentation-of-ectopic-thyroid-a-case-report
#1
Erika Allen, Masoud Alzeerah, Stevenson Tsiao, Nail Aydin, Subhasis Misra
INTRODUCTION: This case presents a painful ectopic thyroid, an unusual presentation, in an atypical location. The patient's history of an ingested fish bone, her acute presentation, and inconclusive imaging, made this case a diagnostic dilemma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: 61-year-old female presented with acutely worsening history of left throat pain and dysphagia after swallowing a fish bone. CT scan showed a foreign body in the anterior wall of the cervical esophagus...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825535/thyroid-cancer-in-lingual-thyroid-and-thyroglossal-duct-cyst
#2
Giacomo Sturniolo, Francesco Vermiglio, Mariacarla Moleti
Ectopy is the most common embryogenetic defect of the thyroid gland, representing between 48 and 61% of all thyroid dysgeneses. Persistence of thyroid tissue in the context of a thyroglossal duct remnant and lingual thyroid tissue are the most common defects. Although most cases of ectopic thyroid are asymptomatic, any disease affecting the thyroid may potentially involve the ectopic tissue, including malignancies. The prevalence of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in lingual thyroid and thyroglossal duct cyst is around 1% of patients affected with the above thyroid ectopies...
November 4, 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824968/an-intrapericardial-ectopic-thyroid-mimicking-metastasis-in-a-patient-with-papillary-thyroid-cancer-localization-differential-diagnosis-by-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-and-ablation-by-131-i
#3
Seol Hoon Park, Minjung Seo, Tae Young Park, Seong Nam-Goong
We report a very rare case of incidental intrapericardial thyroid in a papillary thyroid cancer patient. Post ablation scan revealed iodine-131 ((131)I) uptake in the mid-chest. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) was performed and showed a (18)F-FDG avid lesion between the right atrium and the ascending aorta, (which was) shown tube an ectopic thyroid and not metastasis. The lesion disappeared on a 6 month follow-up (123)I whole body scan while serum thyroglobulin was negative...
November 8, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749423/a-rare-case-of-lateral-ectopic-thyroid
#4
Rosa Maria Paragliola, Giampaolo Papi, Rosa Maria Lovicu, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Salvatore M Corsello
Ectopic thyroid tissue is an abnormality caused by aberrant thyroid gland embryogenesis during its passage from the floor of the primitive foregut to its final position. The most frequent place of ectopic thyroid tissue is the base of tongue, whereas lateral thyroid gland is a very rare finding. The present case describes a case of thyroid dysgenesis, caused by a submandibular ectopic thyroid gland. Thyroid scintigraphy was crucial for the diagnosis: in fact, the patient was asymptomatic, and the diagnosis was performed only on the basis of subclinical hypothyroidism...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747110/ectopic-thyroid-at-the-base-of-the-tongue-of-a-young-patient
#5
Paulo Henrique de Souza Castro, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Julia Tramujas, Alvaro Henrique Borges
Lingual thyroid is defined as an ectopic thyroid gland tissue located in the midline of the tongue base and it is uncommonly observed in clinical practice and is rare in children. This paper describes the surgical treatment of ectopic thyroid at the base of the tongue in a child. The chief complaint of the 12-year-old, melanodermic female patient was the difficulty to swallow for 15 days. The intraoral physical examination barely showed a nodular lesion at tongue base. The CT scan showed a round, well defined hyperdense lesion of approximately 25...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737329/coexistence-of-resistance-to-thyroid-hormone-and-ectopic-thyroid-ten-year-follow-up
#6
Man-Li Guo, Xiao Zheng, Liu-Xue Yang, Ya-Li Qiu, Liang Cheng, Shao-Gang Ma
Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) coexisting with ectopic thyroid is rare. Here we report a case of RTH with ectopic thyroid. A ten-year-old girl had been misdiagnosed as congenital hypothyroidism and treated with levothyroxine since she was born. Ten-year follow-up showed that the elevated thyrotropin was never suppressed by levothyroxine and no signs indicating hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism despite elevated FT3 and FT4 levels. Therefore the girl developed no defects in physical and cognitive development...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709473/multiparametric-ultrasonography-and-ultrasound-elastography-in-the-differentiation-of-parathyroid-lesions-from-ectopic-thyroid-lesions-or-lymphadenopathies
#7
Andrea M Isidori, Vito Cantisani, Elisa Giannetta, Daniele Diacinti, Emanuele David, Valerio Forte, Daniela Elia, Corrado De Vito, Emilia Sbardella, Daniele Gianfrilli, Francesco Monteleone, Jessica Pepe, Salvatore Minisola, Giorgio Ascenti, Vito D'Andrea, Carlo Catalano, Ferdinando D'Ambrosio
To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound elastography with Elastoscan(TM) Core Index in the differential diagnosis of parathyroid lesions from ectopic thyroid nodules and lymph nodes. Seventy nine patients with repeatedly high levels of circulating intact parathyroid hormone, normal vitamin D and renal function tests, with an ultrasound scan showing a neck lesion, sharply demarcated from the thyroid lobules, were consecutively enrolled. Ultrasound with and without Color Doppler and ultrasound elastography were performed before histological examination...
October 5, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708181/a-never-ending-journey-ectopic-thyroid
#8
Michela Campora, Chiara Trambaiolo Antonelli, Luca Mastracci, Simona Pigozzi, Federica Grillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639205/forgotten-goiter-diagnosis-and-management-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Kunal M Patel, Chase C Parsons
INTRODUCTION: A mediastinal thyroid mass discovered years after a total thyroidectomy represents an unusual and uncommon clinical situation. Few cases have been reported and controversy exists regarding the etiology of this ectopic thyroid tissue as well as the optimal surgical approach for resection. We herein describe a case of a mediastinal thyroid goiter discovered five years after a total thyroidectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 54-year-old Hispanic female was diagnosed with a diffuse cervical goiter secondary to Hashimoto's Thyroiditis and subsequently underwent a total thyroidectomy...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467296/an-unusual-cause-of-hoarseness-and-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-palsy
#10
Phat Truong, Lisa Dickerson
Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and thyroid disease suggest locally invasive thyroid malignancy. In contrast, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy caused by benign multinodular goiters or ectopic thyroid tissue accounts for only 1% of cases. This article describes an unusual case of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy secondary to a benign ectopic retrosternal thyroid tissue mass. Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with progressive voice weakness and hoarseness...
August 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459817/-usefulness-and-limitation-of-thyroglobulin-measurement-in-fine-needle-aspirates-fna-tg-for-diagnosis-of-neck-lymph-node-metastasis-from-thyroid-carcinoma
#11
Koji Sakamoto, Yorihisa Imanishi, Toshiki Tomita, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Yoichiro Sato, Yozo Inagaki, Hiroyuki Yamada, Fumihiro Ito, Noriomi Suzuki, Takeyuki Kono, Shin Saito, Masaru Noguchi, Takanori Nishiyama, Shintaro Nakamura, Hiroko Fujita, Takahisa Watabe, Seiichi Shinden, Kaoru Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Preoperative diagnosis of lymph node metastasis from thyroid carcinoma is usually confirmed by using fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) when thyroid carcinoma is suspected based on the clinical findings. However, the result of FNAC sometimes leads to a false negative, especially in cases of hypocellular lesions such as metastases with cystic change. Thyroglobulin measurement in fine needle aspirates (FNA-Tg) has been shown to be a useful technique to detect the protein specifically secreted by thyroid follicular cells...
May 2016: Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413274/ectopic-goitrous-submandibular-thyroid-with-goitrous-orthotopic-thyroid-gland
#12
Avinash Kumar Bhardwaj, Vinayaga Mani, Rashmi Dixit, Anju Garg
Ectopic thyroid is a rare developmental anomaly with lingual thyroid accounting for majority of the cases. The presence of ectopic thyroid tissue lateral to the midline is very rare, and very few cases located in the submandibular region have been reported. The simultaneous finding of submandibular ectopic thyroid tissue and a functional orthotopic thyroid gland is even rarer. In the differential diagnosis of an ectopic submandibular thyroid, it is fundamental to exclude a metastasis from well-differentiated thyroid cancer, even when primary thyroid carcinoma is not demonstrable...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385899/intrathoracic-toxic-thyroid-nodule-causing-hyperthyroidism-with-a-multinodular-normal-functional-cervical-thyroid-gland
#13
Burcu Dirlik Serim, Ulku Korkmaz, Unal Can, Gulay Durmus Altun
Radionuclide scintigraphy with I-131 and Tc-99m pertechnetate ((99)mTc04) has been widely used in detecting toxic nodules. Intrathoracic goiter usually presents as an anterior mediastinal mass. Mostly the connection between intrathoracic mass and the cervical thyroid gland is clearly and easily identified occurring as a result of inferior extension of thyroid tissue in the neck, which is called as secondary intrathoracic goiter. Completely separated, aberrant or in other words primary intrathoracic goiters arise as a result of abnormal embryologic migration of ectopic thyroid closely associated with aortic sac and descend into the mediastinum...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303226/thyroglossal-duct-remnant-with-follicular-hyperplasia-presenting-after-total-thyroidectomy
#14
Ryan E Nelson, Hassan Ahmad, Douglas M Hildrew, Claire M Lawlor, Rizwan Aslam, Andrew Sholl, Emad Kandil
BACKGROUND: The thyroglossal duct fails to involute in up to 7% of adults, creating a thyroglossal duct remnant (TGDR) attached to the hyoid bone. Thyroid malignancies have been reported in approximately 1% of TGDRs. In previous reports of TGDR carcinoma, patients had radiographic evidence of a TGDR at initial clinical presentation. Alternatively, hypertrophy of a TGDR is well described in patients with hypothyroidism because of the growth of functional ectopic thyroid tissue. We present the case of a patient who had no radiographic evidence of a TGDR prior to thyroidectomy but presented 14 months after surgery with a recurrent cervical mass...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256057/-ectopic-thyroid-in-adrenal-gland%C3%AF-report-of-a-case
#15
B L Hu, X P Xiang, B Hong, J F Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255293/intrapericardial-left-sided-ectopic-thyroid-mass-supplied-by-the-left-circumflex-artery
#16
Bastian Schneider, Johannes Holfeld, Michael Grimm, Ludwig Müller
Intrapericardial left-sided ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare entity. We report a 47-year old female patient with an intrapericardial mass mounting the left atrial wall. Two prominent vessels, both originating from the left circumflex artery (LCX), supplied the tumour. Owing to the compression of the left atrium and the left upper pulmonary vein, the patient was highly symptomatic with exertional dyspnoea and ventricular extrasystoles. Histopathological examination showed regressive thyroid adenoma with no signs of malignancy...
October 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241963/thyroid-imaging-in-infants
#17
REVIEW
Marina Goldis, Lindsey Waldman, Otilia Marginean, Henrietta Kotlus Rosenberg, Robert Rapaport
Congenital hypothyroidism is the most common preventable cause of mental retardation. It is important to know the cause of each patient's thyroid dysfunction to foresee the course of therapy and outcomes. Imaging methods, such as ultrasound and thyroid scan, help determine the anatomy and function of the thyroid gland. Although thyroid scan is considered superior in detecting ectopic thyroid tissue, ultrasound is able to detect the presence of thyroid tissue not otherwise visualized in 15% of patients.
June 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125219/demonstration-of-autosomal-monoallelic-expression-in-thyroid-tissue-assessed-by-whole-exome-and-bulk-rna-sequencing
#18
Fabien Magne, Bing Ge, Stéphanie Larrivée-Vanier, Guy Van Vliet, Mark E Samuels, Tomi Pastinen, Johnny Deladoëy
BACKGROUND: Congenital hypothyroidism due to thyroid dysgenesis (CHTD) is a disorder with a prevalence of 1/4000 live births, the cause of which remains unknown. The most common diagnostic category is thyroid ectopy, which occurs in up to 80% of CHTD cases. CHTD is predominantly not inherited and has a high discordance rate (>92%) between monozygotic (MZ) twins. The sporadic nature of CHTD might be explained by somatic events such as autosomal monoallelic expression (AME), given that genes expressed in a monoallelic way are more vulnerable to otherwise benign monoallelict genetic or epigenetic mutations...
June 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119036/thyroglossal-duct-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-synchronous-lingual-thyroid-atypia
#19
Timothy Yoo, Yohanan Kim, Alfred Simental, Jared C Inman
Thyroglossal duct and lingual thyroid ectopic lesions are exceedingly rare synchronous findings. Papillary thyroid carcinoma of these ectopic thyroid sites is well understood but still a rare finding. This case points to some management nuances in regard to ectopic thyroid screening with imaging and also shows the effectiveness of minimally invasive transoral robotic surgery for lingual thyroid.
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107605/-ectopic-thyroid-tissue-localized-in-submandibular-region
#20
Sertaç Düzer, Abdulvahap Akyiğit, Öner Sakallıoğlu, Özgen Arslan Solmaz, Cahit Polat
An ectopic thyroid tissue is often localized in the midline between the foramen caecum and mediastinum, while it is rarely laterally localized. Submandibular location of thyroid tissue is extremely rare. In this article, we report a 56-year-old female case admitted with a painless, non-tender, and firm mass in the right submandibular region. The patient was operated. The mass was detected to be separate from the right lobe of the thyroid. The histopathological examination result was reported as an ectopic thyroid tissue...
May 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
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