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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691465/bilateral-coronoid-hyperplasia-a-report-of-six-cases
#1
M Romano, G Porcellini, D Rossi, A Bolzoni, A B Giannì, F J Silvestre, A Baj
Bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia is a rare condition defined as an abnormal elongation of the mandibular coronoid process, formed of histologically normal bone. Coronoid process hyperplasia usually develops progressively, and the clinical symptoms are often similar to those of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). Therefore, it is often misdiagnosed as TMD initially. From 2013 to 2016, six patients were referred to our maxillofacial surgery unit by their dentist, to evaluate mouth opening with suspected TMJ disorder...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689821/role-of-the-lateral-collateral-ligament-in-posteromedial-rotatory-instability-of-the-elbow
#2
Enrico Bellato, Youngbok Kim, James S Fitzsimmons, Alexander W Hooke, Lawrence J Berglund, Daniel R Bachman, Shawn W O'Driscoll
BACKGROUND: Posteromedial rotatory instability (PMRI) of the elbow consists of an anteromedial coronoid fracture with lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and posterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament (PMCL) tears. We hypothesized that the LCL tear is required for elbow subluxation/joint incongruity and that an elbow affected by an anteromedial subtype 2 coronoid fracture and a PMCL tear exhibits contact pressures different from both an intact elbow and an elbow affected by PMRI...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688869/ankylosis-of-temporomandibular-joints-after-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-in-patients-with-nager-syndrome-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Cheng Chun Wu, Daisuke Sakahara, Keisuke Imai
Nager syndrome, also known as Nager acrofacial dysostosis, was first described by Nager and de Reynier in 1948. The patients commonly present with micrognathia, and a preventive tracheostomy is necessary when there are symptoms of upper airway obstruction. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is considered as an effective procedure, which not only improves micrognathia but also minimizes the chances of tracheostomy. However, mandibular distraction osteogenesis has some complications such as relapse, teeth injury, infection, and injury of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666671/arthroscopic-management-of-elbow-osteoarthritis
#4
REVIEW
Leo T Kroonen, Samantha L Piper, Andrew C Ghatan
The incidence of osteoarthritis in the general population is low, but it can be seen in manual laborers, throwing athletes, and people dependent on crutches and wheelchairs. Patients often complain of pain at the terminal extents of motion, and imaging shows osteophyte formation at the tips of the coronoid and olecranon processes as well as thickening of the bone between the coronoid and the olecranon fossae. Recent advances in arthroscopic instrumentation and techniques have led to a growing interest in the arthroscopic treatment of elbow osteoarthritis...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663018/intraoral-vertico-sagittal-ramus-osteotomy-modification-of-the-l-shaped-osteotomy
#5
J Iwanaga, S Kikuta, M Nakamura, A Koba, K Ogata, S Toyofuku, R S Tubbs, J Kusukawa
The sagittal split ramus osteotomy and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy carry the potential risk of postoperative nerve paralysis, bleeding, and fracture and dislocation of the condyle. In 1992, Choung first described the intraoral vertico-sagittal ramus osteotomy for the purpose of avoiding postoperative dislocation of the condyle. However, there is still potential for damaging the inferior alveolar nerve and maxillary artery with this technique. The authors have developed a modified technique to minimize these risks...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655630/a-novel-anterior-approach-for-the-fixation-of-ulnar-coronoid-process-fractures
#6
Xiaohua Yang, Wenli Chang, Wei Chen, Song Liu, Yanbin Zhu, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: There is no universally accepted approachto the elbow for the fixation of coronoid process fractures.This study aims to introduce a novel anterior surgicalapproach for the fixation of the ulnar coronoid fracture, with minimal surgical dissection damage and excellent visualization for reduction and internal fixation. HYPOTHESIS: The anterior approach can facilitatesatisfactory outcomesfor coronoid process fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From February 2010 to July 2014, 12 patients (8 males and 4 females; range 14-62 years; mean age 31 years) with a closed fracture of the coronoid process of the ulna were included in this study...
June 24, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653544/operative-management-of-unstable-radial-head-fractures-in-a-young-active-population
#7
Nicholas Kusnezov, Emmanuel Eisenstein, John C Dunn, Austin Fares, Justin Mitchell, Kelly Kilcoyne, Brian R Waterman
BACKGROUND: Radial head and neck fractures are the most common elbow fracture in the general adult population; however, the optimal treatment for radial head fractures remains a topic of ongoing clinical controversy. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of return to function, complications, and reoperation following operative management of unstable radial head fractures in a young, active patient population with intense upper extremity demands. METHODS: A military health care database was queried for all US military servicemembers undergoing open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF; Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] code: 24665) and radial head arthroplasty (RHA; CPT code: 24666) between 2010 and 2015...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634742/outcomes-of-coronoid-first-repair-in-terrible-triad-injuries-of-the-elbow
#8
Junren Zhang, Mark Tan, Ernest Beng Kee Kwek
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of terrible triad injuries (TTIs) of the elbow are historically poor. To date, it is still debatable whether the coronoid needs to be fixed and if so, how and in which sequence. METHODOLOGY: Between 2010 and 2013, 13 patients were treated surgically for acute TTIs of the elbow at a Tertiary Level 1 Trauma Centre by a single surgeon, using a standardized protocol, which included coronoid-brachialis complex fixation via pull-through trans-osseous sutures, radial head fixation or prosthetic replacement and a repair of the lateral ulnar collateral ligament...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601399/erratum-to-lasso-plate%C3%A2-%C3%A2-an-original-implant-for-fixation-of-type-i-and-ii-regan-morrey-coronoid-fractures-orthop-traumatol-surg-res-103-2017-447-51
#9
P Wang, Y Zhuang, Z Li, W Wei, Y Fu, X Wei, K Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590398/bilateral-coronoid-hyperplasia-in-a-43-year-old-patient-treated-with-intraoral-coronoidectomy
#10
Jonathan Ribeiro da Silva, Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, Caroline Águeda, Paulo Marcos Nunes, Charles Marin, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira
The mandibular coronoid hyperplasia can be classified as a congenital or development change of the temporomandibular joint. This condition occurs due to a no-neoplasic growth of the coronoid process to the infratemporal fossa. Thus, this part of the bone impacts in the posterior face of the zygomatic bone causing limitation of the mouth opening. The aim of this paper is to report a clinical case of a 43-year-old male with mouth-opening limitation 28 years ago. After clinical and computed tomographic examinations, he was diagnosed with bilateral mandibular coronoid hyperplasia...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585258/masticatory-muscle-architecture-in-a-water-rat-from-australasia-murinae-hydromys-and-its-implication-for-the-evolution-of-carnivory-in-rodents
#11
P-H Fabre, A Herrel, Y Fitriana, L Meslin, L Hautier
Murines are well known for their generalist diet, but several of them display specializations towards a carnivorous diet such as the amphibious Indo-Pacific water-rats. Despite the fact that carnivory evolved repeatedly in this group, few studies have investigated associated changes in jaw muscle anatomy and biomechanics. Here, we describe the jaw muscles and cranial anatomy of a carnivorous water-rat, Hydromys chrysogaster. The architecture of the jaw musculature of six specimens captured both on Obi and Papua were studied and described using dissections...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584466/morphometric-analysis-of-mandibular-ramus-for-sex-determination-on-digital-orthopantomogram
#12
Chandramani Bhagwan More, Ritika Vijayvargiya, Nairita Saha
BACKGROUND: Identification of sex from skeletal remains is an important tool in forensic science. Mandibular ramus can be used for sex determination either on dry mandible or through orthopantomogram (OPG). AIM: To determine the sex from mandibular ramus using digital OPG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The morphometric analysis was conducted on mandibular ramus of 1000 digital OPG using Kodak Master View version 4.3 software. Statistical analysis was performed, and independent t-test and discriminant function were applied...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572849/ulnohumeral-dislocation-despite-intact-radiocapitellar-joint-a-rare-monteggia-variant
#13
Carl Ekholm, Johan Sampson
We treated one patient with a mid-diaphyseal radius fracture and concomitant anteromedial facet fracture of the coronoid. The ulnohumeral joint was severely unstable by complete ligament detachment and interosseous membrane rupture. Despite this gross instability, the radiocapitellar was congruent and stable. The possible mechanism of radiocapitellar stability is discussed and the concept of concavity-compression stability across the radiocapitellar joint is emphasized.
January 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569369/corr-insights-%C3%A2-what-injury-mechanism-and-patterns-of-ligament-status-are-associated-with-isolated-coronoid-isolated-radial-head-and-combined-fractures
#14
W Angus Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529934/coronoid-impingement-syndrome-literature-review-and-clinical-management
#15
Priti Acharya, Andrew Stewart, Farhad B Naini
BACKGROUND: This case report discusses the unusual presentation of limited mouth opening as a result of bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14.5-year-old male patient of white Caucasian ethnicity presented with limited mouth opening, mandibular asymmetry, and dental crowding. Investigations confirmed bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia and management involved bilateral intraoral coronoidectomy surgery under general anaesthesia, followed by muscular rehabilitation...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526860/risk-factor-analysis-and-idiographic-features-of-mandibular-coronoid-fractures-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#16
Hai-Hua Zhou, Kun Lv, Rong-Tao Yang, Zhi Li, Zu-Bing Li
This study aimed to identify and distinguish various factors that may influence the occurrence of mandibular coronoid fractures. From January 2000 to December 2009, a total of 1131 patients with maxillofacial fractures were enrolled in this statistical study to evaluate the association between mandibular coronoid fractures and other risk factors. Among these patients, 869 had mandibular fractures, and 25 sustained a total of 25 coronoid fractures. More than half (13 of 25 patients, 52%) of the coronoid fractures in these patients were caused by motor vehicle accidents...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511514/evaluation-of-relative-position-of-mandibular-foramen-in-children-as-a-reference-for-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-using-orthopantamograph
#17
Navin Hadadi Krishnamurthy, Surej Unnikrishnan, Jaya Agali Ramachandra, Veena Arali
INTRODUCTION: The Mandibular Foramen (MF) is a landmark for administering local anaesthetic solution for Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB). The position of MF shows considerable variation among different ethnicity, ages and on either sides even within the same individual. Failure to achieve IANB leading to repeated injection of the local anaesthetic solution will not only pose a behaviour problem in children but can also lead to systemic toxic level of anaesthetic solution being administered...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504311/ultrasound-guided-injection-of-the-temporalis-tendon-a-novel-technique
#18
Hart B Bressler, Talia Friedman, Lawrence Friedman
A novel technique, ultrasound-guided injection of the temporalis tendon in adults, is described. Ultrasound-guided injection of the temporalis tendon is based on visualization of the temporalis muscle, temporalis tendon, and coronoid process. A practical step-by-step guide to doing the procedure is given. This technique is effective and reproducible. Two patients successfully treated with this technique will be briefly discussed. The anatomic location and size of the temporalis tendon make it mandatory to use ultrasound to ensure precision...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484849/radial-nerve-injury-following-elbow-external-fixator-report-of-three-cases-and-literature-review
#19
Luis Trigo, Juan Sarasquete, Laura Noguera, Ignacio Proubasta, Claudia Lamas
INTRODUCTION: Radial nerve palsy is a rare but serious complication following elbow external fixation. Only 11 cases have been reported in the literature to date, but the incidence may be underreported. We present three new cases of this complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the three cases of radial palsy seen in our center following the application of an external fixator as treatment for complex elbow injuries. RESULTS: Mean patient age at surgery was 50 years...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480084/concomitant-central-giant-cell-granuloma-and-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-in-a-young-child
#20
Deepika Pai, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Adarsh Kudva, Monica Monica Charlotte Solomon, Saurabh Kumar, Prem Sasikumar
Although Central Giant Cell Granuloma (CGCG) is a benign tumor of the jaw and aneurysmal bone cyst seen in children, its aggressive behavior causes extensive loss of hard tissue requiring wide excision and extensive rehabilitation. We report a rare case of concomitant CGCG and aneurysmal bone cyst in a two-year-old male child, involving the coronoid and condylar process. Young age, large tumor, its aggressive nature, and future growth of orofacial region pose a significant challenge in the management of such conditions...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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