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Mary E Coleman, Niall Mh McLeod, Nadeem Saeed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
M Hari Kumar, M Siva Kumar, Vishalakshi Siva Kumar, Sabitha Hari Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: BMJ Case Reports
A Thangavelu, S Thiruneelakandan, C Hari Prasath, Dhruba Chatterjee
INTRODUCTION: Free fat dermis graft is a good interpositional material for TMJ gap arthroplasty. Analysing the fate of the graft by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images helps in excellent visualization of both bony and soft tissue anatomy of the operated TMJ joint as well as in assessing the changes in dermis graft which was previously placed. PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY: To investigate the radiological fate of the dermis-fat graft within the TMJ using MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five joints of five patients who had dermis-fat grafts placed in their TMJ following gap arthroplasty were recruited for this study...
June 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Reshmi Haridas, Supreetha S, Sunil Lingaraj Ajagannanavar, Shreyas Tikare, Mathew J Maliyil, Amrutha Ammanichanda Kalappa
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy is one among many reasons why preventable diseases remain so common and why people often do not adopt healthy practices. It is important to detect patients with inadequate oral health literacy (OHL) and to improve the level of communication between the provider and the patient. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between OHL with selected socio-demographic variables and oral health status among adults in Virajpet, Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 187 subjects from the out-patient department of Coorg-Institute of Dental Sciences Hospital administered the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (REALD-30)...
November 2014: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Hans Pancherz, Hanna Salé, Krister Bjerklin
OBJECTIVE: To analyze radiographic signs of temperomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis and clinical TMJ symptoms in patients 6 years and 32 years after treatment with a Herbst appliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients were derived from a sample of 22 with Class II division 1 malocclusions consecutively treated with a banded Herbst appliance at the age of 12-14 years old (T1-T2). The subjects were reexamined after therapy at the ages of 20 years (T3) and 46 years (T4)...
September 2015: Angle Orthodontist
Perumal Jayavelu, S P Shrutha, G B Vinit
Temperomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis or hypo mobility involves fusion of the mandibular condyle to the base of the skull. Impairment of speech, difficulty in mastication, poor oral hygiene, rampant caries, and acute compromise of the airway pose a severe psychological burden on the tender minds of children. The treatment of TMJ ankylosis poses a significant challenge because of technical difficulties and a high incidence of recurrence. This report describes a case of 7-year-old with inability to open mouth, diagnosed with unilateral right bony TMJ ankylosis...
July 2014: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Liam Masterson, Maral Rouhani, Neil P Donnelly, James R Tysome, Parag Patel, Sarah J Jefferies, Tom Roques, Christopher Scrase, Richard Mannion, Robert Macfarlane, David Hardy, Amer Durrani, Richard Price, Alison Marker, Patrick Axon, David A Moffat
OBJECTIVE: To review the treatment of squamous carcinoma of the temporal bone at a regional skull base unit for the period 1982-2012. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Sixty patients with primary squamous carcinoma of the temporal bone. INTERVENTIONS: Multidisciplinary team approach including surgical resection, reconstruction, and postoperative radiotherapy...
March 2014: Otology & Neurotology
Suncana Simonic-Kocijan, Xuehong Zhao, Wen Liu, Yuwei Wu, Ivone Uhac, KeWei Wang
Pain in masticatory muscles is among the most prominent symptoms of temperomandibular disorders (TMDs) that have diverse and complex etiology. A common complaint of TMD is that unilateral pain of craniofacial muscle can cause a widespread of bilateral pain sensation, although the underlying mechanism remains unknown. To investigate whether unilateral inflammation of masseter muscle can cause a bilateral allodynia, we generated masseter muscle inflammation induced by unilateral injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in rats, and measured the bilateral head withdrawal threshold at different time points using a von Frey anesthesiometer...
2013: Molecular Pain
Shereen M Olama, Tamer O Elsaid, Mohammad El-Arman
AIM: Recently, a large body of studies has focused on the leptin levels in psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to measure serum leptin levels in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) due to a significantly higher prevalence of psychiatric disorder and to determine the relationship between leptin and FMS. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Fifty FMS female patients and 50 healthy females serving as a control group were included. Serum samples tested for serum leptin levels were determined by a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 2013: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Satheesh B Haralur, Ebrahim Fihaid Alsubaiy
The patient returning to the clinic with a restricted mouth opening after dental treatment is common in dental practice. An extended, wide mouth opening during the dental treatment is known to exacerbate the underlying temperomandibular disorders (TMDs). Subclinical TMD is prevalent among a large number of people in the society. It is advisable in the interest of patients as well as the treating dentist for routine examination of temperomandibular joint and recording TMD history before initiating dental treatment...
August 16, 2013: BMJ Case Reports
Bekal Pattathan Rajesh Kumar, Kirthi Kumar Rai, H R Shiva Kumar, Amarnath P Upasi, Ashwin Shah
There are case reports of sagittal fractures of the condylar head leading to bifid condyle. However bifid condyles maybe found in patients with no history of trauma. A split in the saggital plane of the condyle is not visible with a lateral, oblique or panaromic radiographs but only with anteriorposterior, transorbital projections or CT scan of the temperomandibular joint. The chances of condyle being split in the sagittal plane may be due to the medial pole extending beyond the condylar neck, moreover the condyle is composed of cancellous bone covered by a thin layer of cortical bone...
June 2012: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
River M Elliott, James M Smartt, Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
BACKGROUND: True lambdoid synostosis (TLS) produces a consistent morphology that includes occipital flattening, an ipsilateral occipitomastoid prominence, and a mild contralateral hemifacial deficiency that minimally improves with surgery. Prior studies have demonstrated that dysmorphic middle and posterior cranial fossae contribute to the craniofacial scoliosis characteristic of TLS. We hypothesize that these endocranial features remain after surgery, causing the persistent hemifacial deficiency seen in these patients...
January 2013: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Joanna M Zakrzewska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: BMJ: British Medical Journal
R Saravanan, Prajeeth J Babu, P Rajakumar
Orthodontic therapy has a big role in the treatment and prevention of malpositions. The signs and symptoms experienced by patients with occlusal trauma are mobility of teeth, temperomandibular joint pain, pain on mastication and periodontal disease. Early diagnosis, proper treatment plan and correction of malocclusion can lead to a successful outcome. Lack of awareness of orthodontic treatment in patients with occlusal trauma can even lead to loss of tooth structure.
April 2010: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Kiran Shrikrishna Gadre, Rajshekhar Halli, Shishir Shah, Shandilya Ramanojam
It has been the desire and a great challenge to clinicians treating maxillofacial deformities to bring about symmetry in asymmetric faces. As one understands, it is very difficult to reproduce nature, that is, the normal side out of abnormal side, and it is easier to manage bilateral symmetrical deformities. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis, when it occurs in early childhood, will have devastating effects on the future growth and development of the jaws and teeth with obvious facial deformity including the chin, which worsens with advancing age and the time elapsed between the onset of ankylosis and the treatment instituted...
January 2011: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kamal Akl
HSP is the most common systemic vasculitis in children that is characterized by small vessel leukocytoclastic vasculitis. However, it is a self limiting disease, with few documented cases in Middle Eastern countries. Classic symptoms of the disease have been established in the literature, but new clinical features have recently been reported from Middle Eastern countries which include penile swelling, temperomandibular joint involvement, skin rash over the flexor surfaces of the extremities and pleural hemorrhagic effusion...
June 2007: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
J David Parnell, Jeff Mills
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pose a unique challenge to the anesthetist. The manifestations of RA may include cervical spine instability, limited range of motion, and temperomandibular joint involvement limiting mouth opening. Therefore, securing the airway while maintaining the head and neck in a neutral position is of particular concern to the anesthetist. While this is most commonly accomplished using an awake fiberoptic technique, the following case is presented as a safe and efficient initial alternative to the primary use of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the appropriate patient population...
December 2006: AANA Journal
L Cascarini, M Cameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2005: Postgraduate Medical Journal
William J Dunn, Robert E Langsten, Salvador Flores, Jay E Fandell
This study reports dental emergency rates and distribution of causes of dental emergencies at two expeditionary medical support facilities supporting operations Enduring Freedom/ Iraqi Freedom. A retrospective cohort analysis of 9948 soldiers deployed to Prince Sultan Air Base, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and 1467 soldiers at Baghdad International Airport, Iraq, was accomplished from a phased deployment from January 2003 to September 2003. Procedures were divided into 11 categories: endodontic, extraction of teeth other than third molars, extraction of third molar teeth, restoration of teeth (caries), restoration of broken teeth (not caries), orthodontic bracket/wire problem, sensitive teeth, temperomandibular pain, periodontal, oral pathology, and prosthodontic...
July 2004: Military Medicine
William Jackson Dunn
The purpose of this study was to report the dental emergency rate and the distribution of cause of dental emergencies at an Expeditionary Medical Support +25 medical facility during a 6-month deployment in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. A retrospective cohort analysis of 1,972 soldiers stationed at Seeb Air Base, Sultanate of Oman, was accomplished from a phased deployment from March to September 2002. Procedures were divided into 11 categories: endodontic, extraction of teeth other than third molars, extraction of third molar teeth, restoration of teeth (caries), restoration of broken teeth (not caries), orthodontic bracket/wire problem, sensitive teeth, temperomandibular pain, periodontal, oral pathology, and prosthodontic...
May 2004: Military Medicine
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