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vitamin D Receptor Gene HIV

María Ángeles Jiménez-Sousa, Isidoro Martínez, Luz María Medrano, Amanda Fernández-Rodríguez, Salvador Resino
People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection typically have hypovitaminosis D, which is linked to a large number of pathologies, including immune disorders and infectious diseases. Vitamin D (VitD) is a key regulator of host defense against infections by activating genes and pathways that enhance innate and adaptive immunity. VitD mediates its biological effects by binding to the Vitamin D receptor (VDR), and activating and regulating multiple cellular pathways. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes from those pathways have been associated with protection from HIV-1 infection...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Alessandra Mingione, Katia Maruca, Federica Chiappori, Francesca Pivari, Caterina Brasacchio, Tiziana Quirino, Ivan Merelli, Laura Soldati, Paolo Bonfanti, Stefano Mora
Bone health impairment is a common finding in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral treatment. High serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration in patients on antiretroviral treatment containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has been reported. Hyperparathyroidism was not always sustained by a reduction in vitamin D concentration. We thus hypothesized a direct inhibitory effect of TDF on the Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), leading to hyperparathyroidism. Human embryonic kidney cells were transfected with CASR wild-type gene or mutated in different sites (N124K, T1051G, C788T, T888M)...
January 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Matthew J Magee, Yan V Sun, James C M Brust, N Sarita Shah, Yuming Ning, Salim Allana, Angela Campbell, Qin Hui, Koleka Mlisana, Pravi Moodley, Neel R Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D modulates the inflammatory and immune response to tuberculosis (TB) and also mediates the induction of the antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin. Deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene may increase the risk of TB disease and decrease culture conversion rates in drug susceptible TB. Whether these VDR SNPs are found in African populations or impact multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB treatment has not been established...
2017: PloS One
Wbeimar Aguilar-Jimenez, Irma Saulle, Daria Trabattoni, Francesca Vichi, Sergio Lo Caputo, Francesco Mazzotta, Maria T Rugeles, Mario Clerici, Mara Biasin
Natural resistance to HIV-1 infection is influenced by genetics, viral-exposure, and endogenous immunomodulators such as vitamin D (VitD), being a multifactorial phenomenon that characterizes HIV-1-exposed seronegative individuals (HESNs). We compared mRNA expression of 10 antivirals, 5 immunoregulators, and 3 VitD pathway genes by qRT-PCR in cells of a small cohort of 11 HESNs, 16 healthy-controls (HCs), and 11 seropositives (SPs) at baseline, in response to calcidiol (VitD precursor) and/or aldithriol-2-(AT2)-inactivated HIV-1...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Wbeimar Aguilar-Jimenez, Simon Villegas-Ospina, Sandra Gonzalez, Wildeman Zapata, Irma Saulle, Micaela Garziano, Mara Biasin, Mario Clerici, Maria T Rugeles
BACKGROUND: Although the anti-HIV-1 effects of vitamin D (VitD) have been reported, mechanisms behind such protection remain largely unexplored. METHODS: The effects of two precursor forms (cholecalciferol/calciol at 0.01, 1 and 100 nM and calcidiol at 100 and 250 nM) on HIV-1 infection, immune activation, and gene expression were analyzed in vitro in cells of Colombian and Italian healthy donors. We quantified levels of released p24 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, of intracellular p24 and cell-surface expression of CD38 and HLA-DR by flow cytometry, and mRNA expression of antiviral and immunoregulatory genes by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Lynne McNamara, Simbarashe Takuva, Tobias Chirwa, Patrick MacPhail
BACKGROUND: Host genetic factors may a play role in susceptibility to infection. Vitamin-D is an immunomodulator that may play a role in HIV infection. Vitamin-D action is mediated by the vitamin-D receptor. We establish prevalence of ApaI, BsmI, FokI and TaqI polymorphisms (VDRPs) amongst a black southern African HIV+ve population and investigate polymorphic differences between HIV+ve and -ve people. METHODS: Seventy-nine sex and age-group matched HIV+ve patients of African origin initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 79 HIV-ve participants, also of African origin, were recruited from a public sector HIV testing and treatment clinic and investigated for the 4 polymorphisms...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics
Amita Gupta, Grace Montepiedra, Akshay Gupte, Bret Zeldow, Jennifer Jubulis, Barbara Detrick, Avy Violari, Shabir Madhi, Raziya Bobat, Mark Cotton, Charles Mitchell, Stephen Spector
BACKGROUND: This study examined the associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and specific host genetic variants that affect vitamin D levels or its effects on immune function, with the risk of TB or mortality in children. METHODS: A case-cohort sample of 466 South African infants enrolled in P1041 trial (NCT00080119) underwent 25-hydroxyvitamin D testing by chemiluminescent immunoassay. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that alter the effect of vitamin D [e.g. vitamin D receptor (VDR)], vitamin D levels [e...
2016: PloS One
Liling Huang, Cunxu Liu, Guangfu Liao, Xiaobing Yang, Xiuwen Tang, Jingjie Chen
The association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) FokI polymorphism and tuberculosis (TB) risk remains a matter of debate. Potential selection bias exists in most studies using HIV-positive TB patients.An update meta-analysis was carried out to derive a more reliable assessment of the association between FokI polymorphisms and TB risk, especially in HIV-negative TB patients. All major databases from inception to June 2015 were searched for all publications that studied the association between FokI polymorphism and TB risk...
December 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chun Xu, Peijun Tang, Cheng Ding, Chang Li, Jun Chen, Zhenlei Xu, Yi Mao, Meiying Wu, Jun Zhao
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene FokI polymorphism have been studied in relation to tuberculosis (TB) in many populations and provided inconsistent results. In this study, we carried out a meta-analysis to derive a more reliable assessment on FokI polymorphism and the risk of HIV-negative TB. METHODS: The Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were used to undertake a comprehensive systematic literature review of all current published VDR gene FOKI association studies aimed at the risk of TB up to June 30, 2015...
2015: PloS One
Nirupama Chandel, Ashwani Malhotra, Pravin C Singhal
Illicit drug abuse is highly prevalent and serves as a powerful co-factor for HIV exacerbation. Epigenetic alterations in drug abuse and HIV infection determine expression of several critical genes such as vitamin D receptor (VDR), which participates in proliferation, differentiation, cell death under both physiological and pathological conditions. On that account, active vitamin D, the ligand of VDR, is used as an adjuvant therapy to control infection, slow down progression of chronic kidney diseases, and cancer chemotherapy...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
Nirupama Chandel, Kameshwar S Ayasolla, Xiqian Lan, Maria Sultana-Syed, Amrita Chawla, Rivka Lederman, Vasupradha Vethantham, Moin A Saleem, Praveen N Chander, Ashwani Malhotra, Pravin C Singhal
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) has been reported to induce podocyte injury through down regulation of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and activation of renin angiotensin system; however, the involved mechanism is not clear. Since HIV has been reported to modulate gene expression via epigenetic phenomena, we asked whether epigenetic factors contribute to down regulation of VDR. Kidney cells in HIV transgenic mice and HIV-infected podocytes (HIV/HPs) displayed enhanced expression of SNAIL, a repressor of VDR. To elucidate the mechanism, we studied the effect of HIV on expression of molecules involved in SNAIL repressor complex formation and demonstrated that HIV enhances expression of the histone deacetylase HDAC1 and DNA methyl transferases DNMT3b and DNMT1...
October 9, 2015: Journal of Molecular Biology
Partab Rai, Tejinder Singh, Rivka Lederman, Amrita Chawla, Dileep Kumar, Kang Cheng, Gautam Valecha, Peter W Mathieson, Moin A Saleem, Ashwani Malhotra, Pravin C Singhal
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of short term hyperglycemia on renal lesions in a mouse model (Tg26) of HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN). Control and Tg26 mice in groups (n=6) were administered either normal saline (FVBN or Tg) or streptozotocin (FVBN+STZ or Tg26+STZ). After two weeks, biomarkers were collected and kidneys were harvested. FVBN+ STZ and Tg26+STZ displayed elevated serum glucose levels when compared to FVBN and Tg26 respectively. Tg26+STZ displayed elevated (P<0.05) blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels (P<0...
March 2015: Cellular Signalling
Marina Laplana, Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Teresa Puig, Antonio Caruz, Joan Fibla
Vitamin-D has pleiotropic effects on calcium and bone metabolism, cellular growth control, cell differentiation and modulation of both innate and acquired immune response. Previous studies revealed the association of vitamin-D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphism with infection diseases including HIV-1 infection. To assess for association between polymorphisms of vitamin-D pathway genes CYP27B1, vitamin-D binding protein (VDBP) and VDR with HIV-1 infection, disease progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was analysed according to CDC93 criteria in a cohort of 185 HIV-1 seroprevalent patients belonging to the injection drug users...
July 15, 2014: Gene
Nirupama Chandel, Bipin Sharma, Mohammad Husain, Divya Salhan, Tejinder Singh, Partab Rai, Peter W Mathieson, Moin A Saleem, Ashwani Malhotra, Pravin C Singhal
Alterations in the podocyte actin cytoskeleton have been implicated in the development of proteinuric kidney diseases. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of HIV on the podocyte actin cytoskeleton and the mechanism involved. We hypothesized that HIV may be compromising the actin cytoskeleton via downregulation of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) of conditionally immortalized differentiated human podocytes (CIDHPs). HIV-transduced podocytes (HIV/CIDHPs) not only displayed downregulation of VDR but also showed activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the form of enhanced expression of renin and increased production of ANG II...
June 1, 2013: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Khanh vinh quoc Luong, Lan Thi Hoàng Nguyen
Patients with human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)-infection have a high prevalence of abnormal bone metabolism and vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D treatment has some benefit in patients with HIV infection. In this paper, we review the evidence for an association between vitamin D and HIV infection. Literature search was done from Medline. Genetic studies have provided the opportunity to determine which proteins link vitamin D to HIV pathology [i.e., the major histocompatibility complex class II molecules, vitamin D receptor, cytochrome P(450), renin-angiotensin system, apoli-poprotein E, liver X receptor, toll-like receptor, poly(ADP-ribosyl) polymerase-1, natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1, and the Sp1 promoter gene]...
January 2013: Current HIV Research
Ai-Leng Khoo, Hans J P M Koenen, Meta Michels, Sharon Ooms, Marjolein Bosch, Mihai G Netea, Irma Joosten, André J A M van der Ven
Vitamin D(3) is known to have an effect on the immune function. We investigated the immunomodulatory capability of vitamin D(3) in HIV-infected patients and studied the expression of chemokine receptors on regulatory T cells (Treg). Vitamin D(3)-deficient HIV-1-seropositive subjects were treated with cholecalciferol (vitamin D(3)) at a dose of 800 IU daily for 3 months (n=9) or 25,000 IU weekly for 2 months (n=7). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated and analyzed for skin-homing (CCR4 and CCR10) and gut-homing (CCR9 and integrin α(4)β(7)) marker expression on Treg, by flow cytometry, before and after supplementation...
February 2013: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Divya Salhan, Mohammad Husain, Ashaan Subrati, Rohan Goyal, Tejinder Singh, Partab Rai, Ashwani Malhotra, Pravin C Singhal
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been demonstrated to contribute to HIV-induced tubular cell injury. We hypothesized that HIV-induced ROS generation may be causing tubular cell injury through downregulation of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and associated downstream effects. In the present study, HIV not only downregulated tubular cell VDR expression but also inflicted DNA injury. On the other hand, EB-1089, a VDR agonist (VD), inhibited both downregulation of VDR and tubular cell DNA injury in the HIV milieu. H(2)O(2) (an O(-) donor) directly downregulated tubular cell VDR, whereas catalase, a free radical scavenger, inhibited HIV-induced downregulation of tubular cell VDR expression...
August 15, 2012: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
S Raghavan, K Alagarasu, P Selvaraj
Tuberculosis (TB) is the frequent major opportunistic infection in HIV-infected patients, and is the leading cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients. Genetic susceptibility to TB in HIV negative subjects is well documented. Since coinfections can influence the way in which immune system respond to different pathogens, genetic susceptibility to TB in HIV patients might also change. Studies from India and other parts of the world have shown that genetic susceptibility to TB is influenced by HIV infection...
January 2012: Tuberculosis
Leah A Garcia, Keisha K King, Monica G Ferrini, Keith C Norris, Jorge N Artaza
Skeletal muscle wasting is an important public health problem associated with aging, chronic disease, cancer, kidney dialysis, and HIV/AIDS. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-D3), the active form of vitamin D, is widely recognized for its regulation of calcium and phosphate homeostasis in relation to bone development and maintenance and for its calcemic effects on target organs, such as intestine, kidney, and parathyroid glands. Emerging evidence has shown that vitamin D administration improves muscle performance and reduces falls in vitamin D-deficient older adults...
August 2011: Endocrinology
P Selvaraj
Vitamin D plays a major role in bone mineral density and calcium homeostasis. Apart from its classical action, the active form of vitamin D [1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3))] influences the innate and adaptive immune functions through vitamin D receptor (VDR) that are present in various cells of the immune system. Vitamin D deficiencies have been associated with development of tuberculosis (TB) disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Vitamin D(3) is shown to enhance macrophage phagocytosis of M...
2011: Vitamins and Hormones
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