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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527290/association-of-polymorphic-variants-of-ptpn22-tnf-and-vdr-genes-in-children-with-lupus-nephritis-a-study-in-colombian-family-triads
#1
Gloria Garavito, Eduardo Egea, Luis Fang, Clara Malagón, Carlos Olmos, Luz González, Pilar Guarnizo, Gustavo Aroca, Guillermo López, Antonio Iglesias
INTRODUCTION: Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease in which the severity varies according to race, sex and age of onset. This variation is also observed in the genetic markers associated with the disease, including PTPN22, VDR and TNF genes. The genetic stratification in different populations worldwide can influence the variability. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the heritability of PTPN22, VDR and TNF genetic variants and their association with pediatric lupus nephritis in Colombian families...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523715/dual-en-bloc-technique-for-adult-renal-transplantation
#2
Kim Chi Tran, David Li, Ali Taqi, Alp Sener, Vivian C McAlister, Patrick P Luke
INTRODUCTION: We describe and provide follow-up for a novel simplified technique permitting dual en-bloc (DEB) transplantation of adult organs using single in situ arterial and venous anastomoses. METHODS: Twenty-two adult DEB transplants were performed at our centre between 2001 and 2012, utilizing 44 kidneys en bloc. Results were compared with 20 solitary transplants from expanded criteria donors (ECD) associated with lower terminal serum creatinines and Remuzzi biopsy scores vs...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509574/improving-the-early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-the-who-unicef-breastfeeding-advocacy-initiative
#3
Maaike Arts, Irum Taqi, France Bégin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506035/simultaneous-molecular-detection-of-cryptosporidium-and-cyclospora-from-raw-vegetables-in-korea
#4
Seobo Sim, Jua Won, Jae-Whan Kim, Kyungjin Kim, Woo-Yoon Park, Jae-Ran Yu
Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora are well-known coccidian protozoa that can cause waterborne and foodborne diarrheal illnesses. There have been a few reports regarding contamination in different vegetables with Cryptosporidium, but no data are available regarding the sources of Cyclospora infections in Korea. In the present study, we collected 6 kinds of vegetables (perilla leaves, winter-grown cabbages, chives, sprouts, blueberries, and cherry tomatoes) from July 2014 to June 2015, and investigated contamination by these 2 protozoa using multiplex quantitative real-time PCR...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476406/influence-of-cdx2-and-taqi-gene-variants-on-vitamin-d3-modulated-intracellular-chemokine-positive-t-cell-subsets-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#5
Murugesan Harishankar, Paramasivam Selvaraj
PURPOSE: We studied the effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 (vitamin D3) on intracellular chemokine-positive T-cell subsets in whole blood cultures of healthy controls and patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: Genotyping was performed by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. The regulatory role of the Cdx2 and 3'UTR TaqI gene variants on chemokine-positive T-cell subsets was studied from culture filtrate antigen stimulated with or without vitamin D3 treated whole blood cultures of 60 healthy controls and 50 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469103/association-between-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentration-and-taqi-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-among-jordanian-females-with-breast-cancer
#6
Manar Fayiz Atoum, Yasmeen Mohammad Al-Khatib
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among females. Genetic polymorphisms might have a role in carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether C to T base substitution within TaqI Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene (rs731236) in exon 9 was a risk factor among patients with breast cancer. METHODS: Peripheral blood was drawn from 122 Jordanian breast cancer patients and 100 healthy Jordanian volunteers in Al-Basheer Hospital during the summer months (from June to November of 2013, 2014, and 2015)...
May 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446629/vitamin-d-receptor-and-megalin-gene-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-longitudinal-cognitive-change-among-african-american-urban-adults
#7
May A Beydoun, Salman M Tajuddin, Greg A Dore, Jose-Atilio Canas, Hind A Beydoun, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Background: The link between longitudinal cognitive change and polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and MEGALIN [or LDL receptor-related protein 2 (LRP2)] genes remains unclear, particularly among African-American (AA) adults.Objectives: We aimed to evaluate associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for VDR [rs11568820 (Cdx-2:T/C), rs1544410 (BsmI:G/A), rs7975232 (ApaI:A/C), rs731236 (TaqI:G/A)] and LRP2 [rs3755166:G/A,rs2075252:C/T, rs2228171:C/T] genes with longitudinal cognitive performance change in various domains of cognition...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432711/vdr-gene-methylation-as-a-molecular-adaption-to-light-exposure-historic-recent-and-genetic-influences
#8
Emma L Beckett, Patrice Jones, Martin Veysey, Konsta Duesing, Charlotte Martin, John Furst, Zoe Yates, Nina G Jablonski, George Chaplin, Mark Lucock
OBJECTIVES: The vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a member of the nuclear receptor family of transcription factors. We examined whether degree of VDR gene methylation acts as a molecular adaptation to light exposure. We explored this in the context of photoperiod at conception, recent UV irradiance at 305 nm, and gene-latitude effects. METHODS: Eighty subjects were examined for VDR gene-CpG island methylation density. VDR gene variants were also examined by PCR-RFLP. RESULTS: Photoperiod at conception was significantly positively related to VDR methylation density, explaining 17% of the variance in methylation (r(2)  = 0...
April 22, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426778/apai-polymorphism-of-vitamin-d-receptor-affects-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#9
Agnieszka Kempinska-Podhorodecka, Malgorzata Milkiewicz, Dariusz Jabłonski, Piotr Milkiewicz, Ewa Wunsch
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of vitamin D receptor (VDR) contribute to the pathogenesis of multiple autoimmune conditions. METHODS: We investigated the incidence of VDR polymorphisms (rs1544410-BsmI; rs7975232-ApaI; rs731236-TaqI) in a group of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC, n = 275) and in healthy controls (n = 376). Additionally, correlations of the VDR polymorphisms with clinical and biochemical factors of the disease were analysed. RESULTS: The genotype and allele distributions of these polymorphisms in PSC patients were similar to those observed in controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411367/serum-25-oh-d-concentration-common-variants-of-the-vdr-gene-and-lung-cancer-occurrence
#10
Tomasz Gromowski, Paulina Gapska, Rodney J Scott, Krzysztof Kąklewski, Wojciech Marciniak, Katarzyna Durda, Marcin Lener, Bohdan Górski, Cezary Cybulski, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Katarzyna Kaczmarek, Katarzyna Jaworska-Bieniek, Katarzyna Paszkowska-Szczur, Piotr Waloszczyk, Jan Lubiński, Tadeusz Dębniak
The first aim of our study was to examine the association between common variants in VDR [rs2228570 (FokI), rs1544410 (BsmI), rs7975232 (ApaI), rs731236 (TaqI) and rs11568820 (Cdx2)] and lung cancer risk in the Polish population. Genotyping and statistical analysis which included Chi-square test with Yates correction and haplotype frequency analysis were performed on a series of 840 consecutively collected lung cancer patients and 920 healthy controls. The second aim was to evaluate the link between serum 25(OH)D concentration and the number of lung cancers in a subgroup of 200 patients...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407346/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-serbian-patients-with-bronchial-asthma-a-case-control-study
#11
Milena Despotovic, Tatjana Jevtovic Stoimenov, Ivana Stankovic, Jelena Basic, Dusica Pavlovic
Vitamin D and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene are potentially involved in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma (BA); however, precise mechanisms by which vitamin D reduces the inflammation and the role of VDR SNPs in BA are not completely understood. The aim of this study was to examine the possible associations of FokI, BsmI, ApaI and TaqI SNPs with BA. A total of 168 subjects were screened for VDR SNPs using polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398110/molecular-characterization-of-hypoderma-spp-in-domestic-ruminants-from-turkey-and-pakistan
#12
Haroon Ahmed, Sami Simsek, Cem Ecmel Saki, Harun Kaya Kesik, Seyma Gunyakti Kilinc
The aim of this study was to determine the morphological and molecular characterization of Hypoderma spp. in cattle and yak from different provinces of Turkey and Pakistan. For this purpose, a total of 78 larvae were collected from different provinces of Turkey and Pakistan from October (2015) to January (2016) from slaughtered animals. Thirty eight out of 78 Hypoderma larvae were morphologically classified as third instar larvae (L3) of Hypoderma bovis, 37 were Hypoderma lineatum and 3 were classified as suspected or un-identified...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392355/association-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-adult-arabs-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#13
Hayder A Hasan, Ra'ed O AbuOdeh, Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda, Hamid Jan Bin Jan Mohamed, Ab Rani Samsudin
AIMS: The aim was to investigate relationships of Vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphisms to the components of MetS among Arabs adult residing in the United Arab Emirates. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 198 Arabs adult (50 males and 148 females). Serum levels of glucose, vitamin D, HDL-C, and TG, and blood pressure were measured. FokI, BsmI & TaqI genotyping of VDR were investigated using PCR-RFLP technique. RESULTS: Age of the participants was 21(9) years with a BMI of 26...
April 2, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391468/molecular-characterization-and-pcr-based-screening-of-cry-genes-from-bacillus-thuringiensis-strains
#14
Devendra Jain, Sita D Sunda, Suman Sanadhya, Dhruba Jyoti Nath, Sunil K Khandelwal
Novel cry genes are potential candidates for resistance management strategies, due to their different structures and modes of action. Therefore, it is desirable to clone and express novel cry genes from several new isolates of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). In the present study, 28 Bt strains were characterized at morphological and molecular level. All these strains are Gram positive, endospore forming and had shown different crystal morphologies when viewed under the microscope. The ARDRA (16S rDNA PCR-RFLP technique) with AluI, HaeIII, HinfI and TaqI produced unique and distinguishable restriction patterns used for the molecular characterization of these isolates...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385183/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-mexican-adults
#15
Víctor Hugo Bermúdez-Morales, Geny Fierros, Roberto Lopez Lopez, Gaby Martínez-Nava, Mario Flores-Aldana, José Flores-Rivera, Carlos Hernández-Girón
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most prevalent autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) in young adults. More than 50 genomic regions have been associated with MS susceptibility. Due the important immune-modulating properties of Vitamin D, Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms - which interfere with the actions of Vitamin D- could be related to increased risk of MS. METHODS: We studied 120 patients fulfilling the McDonald criteria for MS (81 females and 39 males) and 180 healthy unrelated controls, nested in a case-Control study, and were recruited from the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Manuel Velasco Suárez in Mexico City...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358285/external-apical-root-resorption-concurrent-with-orthodontic-forces-the-genetic-influence
#16
Nuria Nieto-Nieto, Jose Enrique Solano, Rosa Yañez-Vico
Root resorption is a pathological process of multifactorial origin related to the permanent loss of dental root structure in response to a mechanical, inflammatory, autoimmune or infectious stimulus. External apical root resorption (EARR) is a frequent clinical complication secondary to orthodontic tooth movement; apart from variables related to treatment, environmental factors and/or interindividual genetic variations can confer susceptibility or resistance to its occurrence. In this context, genetic predisposition has been described as an etiological factor, together with mechanical factors derived from orthodontic treatment...
May 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351026/common-variants-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Shahab Alizadeh, Kurosh Djafarian, Hamzeh Alizadeh, Reza Mohseni, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ApaI, FokI, TaqI, and BsmI polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene have been reported to be associated with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), although the results of previous studies have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to explore whether these polymorphisms play a role in the genetic susceptibility to CAD. METHODS: A comprehensive search of Medline and Embase databases was conducted for studies evaluating the association between the VDR polymorphisms and CAD risk...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340461/tracing-biomarker-of-pah-exposure-and-susceptibility-factor-gstm-polymorphism-among-cancer-patients-in-pakistan
#18
Muhammad Yasir Abdur Rehman, Atif Kamal, Malik Mumtaz Taqi, Riffat Naseem Malik
We studied cancer patients for possible PAH exposure, using urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) as a biomarker of internal dose of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The subjects included in this study belonged to various socio-demographic backgrounds, and were diagnosed with cancer (i.e. lung, head and neck or digestive tract cancer). In general, we observed high concentration of urinary 1-OHP among digestive tract cancer patients, compared with the controls (CN) (mean 1.06, median 1.03 and mean 0...
March 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327420/segmental-arterial-mediolysis-with-5-splenic-artery-aneurysms-a-rare-finding-of-a-rare-disease-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Salah Termos, Ali Taqi, Hussein Hayati, Ameera J M S Alhasan, Mohammad Alali, Ayman Adi
INTRODUCTION: Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) are uncommon findings. They are usually single and isolated; however they can be multiple; hence vasculopathy and segmental artery mediolysis may be considered. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In our manuscript we present a case of a 54year old multiparous lady who was discovered incidentally to have a diseased splenic artery containing five SSAs. The largest aneurysm was close to the takeoff of the vessel and the smallest was distal embedded in the splenic hilum...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323045/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-among-emirati-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Habiba Al Safar, Sarah El Hajj Chehadeh, Laila Abdel-Wareth, Afrozul Haq, Herbert F Jelinek, Gehad ElGhazali, Fatme Al Anouti
At a prevalence rate close to 19.5%, the UAE has one of the highest rates of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in the world. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) have led to the identification of several genetic variants that are associated with T2DM. Recently, genes involved in vitamin D metabolism have gained interest because of the association between vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and increased risk for T2DM. Among these, the Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is a good candidate for T2DM susceptibility. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between VDR polymorphisms and T2DM among a representative sample of the Emirati population...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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