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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822353/vdr-gene-variation-and-insulin-resistance-related-diseases
#1
Fei-Fei Han, Ya-Li Lv, Li-Li Gong, He Liu, Zi-Rui Wan, Li-Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D status may influence the risk of Insulin resistance related diseases such as Type 2 diabetes (T2DM), metabolic syndrome (MetS), and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Several studies have assessed vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism in relationship with these diseases; however, results remain inconsistent. Our study was conducted to elucidate whether VDR Gene polymorphisms could predict insulin resistance on a large scale. METHODS: A meta-analysis using MEDLINE and EMBASE, was performed up to December 16th, 2016...
August 19, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814758/targeted-insertion-of-an-anti-cd2-monoclonal-antibody-transgene-into-the-ggta1-locus-in-pigs-using-foki-dcas9
#2
Mark B Nottle, Evelyn J Salvaris, Nella Fisicaro, Stephen McIlfatrick, Ivan Vassiliev, Wayne J Hawthorne, Philip J O'Connell, Jamie L Brady, Andrew M Lew, Peter J Cowan
Xenotransplantation from pigs has been advocated as a solution to the perennial shortage of donated human organs and tissues. CRISPR/Cas9 has facilitated the silencing of genes in donor pigs that contribute to xenograft rejection. However, the generation of modified pigs using second-generation nucleases with much lower off-target mutation rates than Cas9, such as FokI-dCas9, has not been reported. Furthermore, there have been no reports on the use of CRISPR to knock protective transgenes into detrimental porcine genes...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800617/improved-usability-of-a-multi-infusion-setup-using-a-centralized-control-interface-a-task-based-usability-test
#3
Frank Doesburg, Fokie Cnossen, Willem Dieperink, Wouter Bult, Anne Marie de Smet, Daan J Touw, Maarten W Nijsten
The objective of this study was to assess the usability benefits of adding a bedside central control interface that controls all intravenous (IV) infusion pumps compared to the conventional individual control of multiple infusion pumps. Eighteen dedicated ICU nurses volunteered in a between-subjects task-based usability test. A newly developed central control interface was compared to conventional control of multiple infusion pumps in a simulated ICU setting. Task execution time, clicks, errors and questionnaire responses were evaluated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799838/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-foki-polymorphism-in-egyptian-children-and-adolescents-with-sle-a-case-control-study
#4
A A Imam, H E Ibrahim, M A A Farghaly, U M Alkholy, H H Gawish, N Abdalmonem, A M Sherif, Y F Ali, M E Hamed, N M Waked, M M Fathy, A M Khalil, M A Noah, M S Hegab, B R Ibrahim, R M Nabil, L A Fattah
Background Childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) is a lifelong autoimmune disorder. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is a potential candidate gene for cSLE susceptibility. In this study, we aimed to investigate the FokI polymorphism in the VDR gene in Egyptian children and adolescents with SLE, to determine whether this polymorphism could be a genetic marker for cSLE susceptibility or disease activity and we also measured the serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] to assess its relation to such polymorphism...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780723/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-association-with-susceptibility-to-early-onset-breast-cancer-in-iranian-brca1-2-mutation-carrier-and-non-carrier-patients
#5
Ahmad Shahabi, Majid Alipour, Hamid Safiri, Parsa Tavakol, Mehdi Alizadeh, S Milad Hashemi, Mahdieh Shahabi, Mohammad Halimi
Mounting evidences support that vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency is a risk factor of breast cancer. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is expressed in more than 36 cell types in different organs as in cancerous cells. Numerous allelic variants of VDR gene have been identified in human populations. Association of FokI (rs2228570) and BsmI (rs1544410) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VDR gene with the risk of breast cancer have been investigated in several studies, however, the published data are still inconsistent...
August 6, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780323/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis-an-updated-meta-analysis
#6
Xiao-Long Chen, Ming-Liang Zhang, Lin Zhu, Meng-Le Peng, Fang-Zhou Liu, Guang-Xian Zhang, Li-Mei Wang, Jie Zhao
BACKGROUND: The association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and multiple sclerosis (MS) has been extensively studied, but results were controversial. METHODS: This meta-analysis aimed to confirm whether VDR gene polymorphisms were associated with MS. Meta-analysis on the association between MS and VDR ApaI, BsmI, TaqI and FokI polymorphisms were conducted using allelic contrast, recessive, homozygotes and dominant models. Data were extracted by standardized forms and odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using the random effects model if the results were heterogeneous...
August 3, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764147/study-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-foki-taqi-and-apai-among-prostate-cancer-patients-in-north-india
#7
Pankaj Ramrao Kambale, Deepa Haldar, B C Kabi, Kalpana Pankaj Kambale
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of prostate cancer is rising worldwide. Multiple factors have been suggested for the aetiology of prostate cancer including ethnic, genetic and diet. Vitamin D (calcitriol) has been shown to have role in cell growth and differentiation and its deficiency is implicated as one of the aetiological factors in prostate cancer. Prostatic epithelial cells express Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) as well as 1α- hydroxylase enzyme that are required for the synthesis of calcitriol and its action...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749628/circulating-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-relative-to-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphism-after-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-breast-cancer-women-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Houra Mohseni, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Reza Amani, Alireza Ekrami, Ahmad Ahmadzadeh, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi
Objective: The influence of vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic variation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels [25(OH)D] after vitamin D3 supplementation remains unclear. We aimed to investigate changes of 25(OH)D in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, according to VDR genotype, after provision of vitamin D3 to breast cancer cases for a 2-month period. Methods: Participants were assigned to two treatment arms: placebo (n = 28) and vitamin D3 supplementation (n =28). The supplementation group received 50,000 IU of vitamin D every week for 2 months...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741045/erratum-to-assessment-of-individual-cognitive-changes-after-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-in-parkinson-s-disease-using-the-neuropsychological-test-battery-vienna-short-version
#9
Thomas Foki, Daniela Hitzl, Walter Pirker, Klaus Novak, Gisela Pusswald, Eduard Auff, Johann Lehrner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739681/vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphism-and-cancer-an-update
#10
REVIEW
Vikrant Rai, Joe Abdo, Swati Agrawal, Devendra K Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D mediates its action via vitamin D receptor (VDR) and is involved in a wide variety of biological processes including regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation in normal tissue and apoptosis, and cell adhesion in tumor cells. The study of genetic variations in VDR may elucidate the association of vitamin D levels, its metabolism, and VDR polymorphism with various diseases and cancer. The association of VDR polymorphism with cancer has been reported; however, the literature lacks critical analyses of the studies in last 3 years...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739397/role-of-serum-mmp-9-levels-and-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-in-the-susceptibility-to-coronary-artery-disease-an-association-study-in-iranian-population
#11
Nariman Moradi, Reza Fadaei, Reza Ahmadi, Milad Hajimirza Mohammad, Serveh Shahmohamadnejad, Masoumeh Tavakoli-Yaraki, Hassan Aghajani, Soudabeh Fallah
BACKGROUND: Data concerning the association of serum levels of vitamin D and metalloproteinases and vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism with coronary artery disease (CAD) is not fully demonstrated. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism, serum levels of 25(OH) vitamin D and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) with CAD. METHODS: 104 patients with CAD and 69 Non-CAD subjects were included in current study. Vitamin D receptor genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP method...
July 21, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738753/genetic-predictors-of-celiac-disease-lactose-intolerance-and-vitamin-d-function-and-presence-of-peptide-morphins-in-urine-of-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#12
Katarina Bojović, Biljana Stanković, Nikola Kotur, Dijana Krstić-Milošević, Vladimir Gašić, Sonja Pavlović, Branka Zukić, Đurđica Ignjatović
Gastrointestinal disturbances, nutritional deficiencies, and food intolerances are frequently observed in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). To reveal possible association of celiac disease risk variants (HLA-DQ), lactose intolerance associated variant (LCT-13910C>T) as well as variant associated with vitamin D function (VDR FokI) with NDD, polymerase chain reaction-based methodology was used. Additionally, intestinal peptide permeability was estimated in NDD patients and healthy children by measuring the level of peptides in urine using high-performance liquid chromatography...
July 24, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712500/use-of-zinc-finger-nucleases-for-crop-improvement
#13
John P Davies, Sandeep Kumar, Lakshmi Sastry-Dent
Over the past two decades, new technologies enabling targeted modification of plant genomes have been developed. Among these are zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) which are composed of engineered zinc-finger DNA-binding domains fused with a nuclease, generally the FokI nuclease. The zinc-finger domains are composed of a series of four to six 30 amino acid domains that can bind to trinucleotide sequences giving the entire DNA-binding domain specificity to 12-18 nucleotides. Since the FokI nuclease functions as a dimer, pairs of zinc-finger domains are designed to bind upstream and downstream of the cut site which increases the specificity of the complete ZFN to 24-36 nucleotides...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705213/the-therapeutic-landscape-of-hiv-1-via-genome-editing
#14
REVIEW
Alexander Kwarteng, Samuel Terkper Ahuno, Godwin Kwakye-Nuako
Current treatment for HIV-1 largely relies on chemotherapy through the administration of antiretroviral drugs. While the search for anti-HIV-1 vaccine remain elusive, the use of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART) have been far-reaching and has changed HIV-1 into a manageable chronic infection. There is compelling evidence, including several side-effects of ARTs, suggesting that eradication of HIV-1 cannot depend solely on antiretrovirals. Gene therapy, an expanding treatment strategy, using RNA interference (RNAi) and programmable nucleases such as meganuclease, zinc finger nuclease (ZFN), transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated proteins (CRISPR-Cas9) are transforming the therapeutic landscape of HIV-1...
July 14, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697775/the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-and-deciduous-tooth-decay-in-chinese-children
#15
Yuan-Yuan Kong, Jian-Mao Zheng, Wen-Juan Zhang, Qian-Zhou Jiang, Xue-Chao Yang, Miao Yu, Su-Juan Zeng
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we explored the link between vitamin D receptor (VDR) BsmI, TaqI, ApaI and FokI gene polymorphisms with deciduous tooth decay in Chinese children. METHODS: Our study included 380 Chinese children aged 4-7 years, whose DNA sample was collected from the buccal mucosa. VDR gene polymorphisms was determined by PCR-RFLP. RESULTS: The adjusted logistic regression analysis demonstrated that BsmI containing the Bb genotype was linked with the increased risk of deciduous tooth decay (OR = 1...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643246/current-overview-of-talen-construction-systems
#16
Tetsushi Sakuma, Takashi Yamamoto
Transcription activator-like effector (TALE) nuclease (TALEN) is the second-generation genome editing tool consisting of TALE protein containing customizable DNA-binding repeats and nuclease domain of FokI enzyme. Each DNA-binding repeat recognizes one base of double-strand DNA, and functional TALEN can be created by a simple modular assembly of these repeats. To easily and efficiently assemble the highly repetitive DNA-binding repeat arrays, various construction systems such as Golden Gate assembly, serial ligation, and ligation-independent cloning have been reported...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636576/vitamin-d-levels-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-major-depression
#17
Merve Şahin Can, Hayriye Baykan, Özgür Baykan, Nevin Erensoy, Tunay Karlıdere
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate vitamin D levels and rs2228570 (FokI) polymorphism of vitamin D in patients with established diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to investigate the impact of vitamin D levels and genetic polymorphisms on etiology and/or severity of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients who were diagnosed with major depressive disorder in Hospital of Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, and 89 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, education level and BMI...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612095/maternal-fetal-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-significantly-associated-with-preterm-birth
#18
Talya Rosenfeld, Hagit Salem, Gheona Altarescu, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Aharon Tevet, Ruth Birk
PURPOSE: Preterm birth (PTB) is a complex trait with strong genetic background, whose etiology is not fully understood. It was recently suggested that pregnancy duration is affected by fetal genetic variation even more than by the maternal genome. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is involved in embryonic implantation and fertility. We studied the association between both maternal and neonatal vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic variation and PTB. METHODS: Maternal and fetal (umbilical cord) DNA was isolated from Jewish Israeli idiopathic preterm newborns (24-36 weeks, n = 146) and control term newborns (>37 weeks, n = 229)...
August 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607807/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-expression-in-cutaneous-melanoma-tissues-and-four-vdr-gene-polymorphisms
#19
Francesco La Marra, Giuseppe Stinco, Cinzia Buligan, Giovanni Chiriacò, Diego Serraino, Carla Di Loreto, Sabina Cauci
OBJECTIVE: : Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates vitamin D activity. We examined whether VDR expression in excised melanoma tissues is associated with VDR gene (VDR) polymorphisms. METHODS: : We evaluated VDR protein expression (by monoclonal antibody immunostaining), melanoma characteristics, and carriage of VDR-FokI-rs2228570 (C>T),VDR-BsmI-rs1544410 (G>A),VDR-ApaI-rs7975232 (T>G), andVDR-TaqI-rs731236 (T>C) polymorphisms (by restriction fragment length polymorphism)...
May 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601283/the-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-foki-polymorphism-and-multiple-sclerosis-in-a-northern-portuguese-population
#20
Andreia Bettencourt, Daniela Boleixa, Ana Luísa Guimarães, Bárbara Leal, Cláudia Carvalho, Sandra Brás, Raquel Samões, Ernestina Santos, Paulo Pinho Costa, Berta Silva, Ana Martins da Silva
BACKGROUND: The cause of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) remains poorly understood, but it is widely believed to be an autoimmune disease occurring in genetically susceptible individuals after exposure to as-yet undefined environmental factors. One of these environmental factors is vitamin D, a well-known immune modulator. The biologically active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, has been shown to exert its immune modulatory properties through its nuclear receptor (VDR) namely by inhibiting the proliferation of Th cells...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
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