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Xin Yin, Huadong Wang, Jidong Guo, Liang Zhang, Yupeng Zhang, Li Li, Shuxun Hou
BACKGROUND: AIS is the most common spinal deformity disease, yet its etiology remains uncertain. Significant associations have been found between AIS risk and vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms; however, some of these results are controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether VDR BsmI rs1544410 and ApaI rs7975232 polymorphisms are correlated with AIS. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and the Wanfang Database, were systematically searched, and eligible case-control studies that explored the association of VDR (BsmI and ApaI) and the susceptibility to AIS were selected...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sang-Cheol Bae, Young Ho Lee
This study aimed to explore whether vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Meta-analyses were conducted to determine the associations between the VDR FokI, TaqI, and ApaI polymorphisms and SLE in all subjects and each ethnic group. A total of 12 studies were considered in the meta-analysis, which involved 1974 patients and 2506 controls. Meta-analysis of the VDR FokI polymorphism showed no association between SLE and the FokI F allele in all study subjects (OR = 1...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Luiz Angelo Vieira, Aline Amaro Dos Santos, Carla Peluso, Caio Parente Barbosa, Bianca Bianco, Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (DD) is an important cause of low back pain and its precise aetiology is not fully understood, being attributed to cumulative environmental, biomechanical and genetic effects. The vitamin D plays a key role in regulation of calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization, exerting its biological activities by binding to a high-affinity receptor (VDR). Polymorphisms in VDR gene were previously associated with DD process, however with conflicting results...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
Letícia de Paula Scalioni, Betânia Rodrigues Dos Santos, Poli Mara Spritzer, Cristiane Alves Villela-Nogueira, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez, Priscila Pollo-Flores, Eliane Bordalo Cathalá Esberard, Carlos Eduardo Brandão-Mello, Elisabeth Lampe, Livia Melo Villar
Potential relationship of vitamin D, vitamin D receptor (VDR), and vitamin D binding protein (DBP) have been suggested in the pathophysiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of this observational study is to determine vitamin D levels, and VDR and DBP genetic polymorphism according demographic and laboratory data in chronic HCV patients (CHC).A total of 148 CHC patients gave serum samples for testing 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH)D) level by immunochemiluminometric assay (<20 ng/mL defined as deficient) and donated blood samples to allelic discrimination analysis using TaqMan assays...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dinelma de Jesus Martins, Gyselly Cb Matos, Rosane Sp Loiola, Vivian D'Annibale, Tereza Corvelo
Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the association between the human VDR gene and Helicobacter pylori infection. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 208 adult patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Gastric biopsy specimens were obtained from each patient for molecular DNA and histological examination. Patients were genotyped for VDR gene polymorphisms using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
Zahra Mirfeizi, Samira Tabaei, Yalda Ravanshad, Kamila Hashemzadeh, Elahe Kharazmi, Hassan Mehrad-Majd
BACKGROUND: The vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms have been reported to be related to the development of Behcet's disease (BD). However, the results have been inconsistent among diverse populations. Therefore, this comprehensive meta-analysis has been designed to assess a more accurate association between VDR polymorphisms and BD susceptibility. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted to identify eligible studies. Pooled odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated in different genetic models to assess this association...
February 1, 2018: Immunological Investigations
K Hutchinson, C P Kerley, J Faul, P Greally, D Coghlan, M Louw, B Elnazir, Y Rochev
Background. Asthma is a common childhood respiratory disease, affecting around 20% of Irish children. In other populations, vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms have been associated with asthma risk. We aimed to investigate the association between 2 VDR polymorphisms and uncontrolled paediatric asthma. Methods. 44 asthmatic children and 57 healthy volunteers were studied. The VDR TaqI gene variant in exon 9 (T/C) (rs731236) and ApaI (rs7975232) in intron 8 (C/T) were determined, using TaqMan® Assays. The lung function, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and other biomarkers of allergy, immunity, airway and systemic inflammation were as-sessed...
November 28, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Liang Zhang, Xin Yin, Jingcheng Wang, Daolinag Xu, Yongxiang Wang, Jiandong Yang, Yuping Tao, Shengfei Zhang, Xinmin Feng, Caifeng Yan
Results on the relationships between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) susceptibility and bone mineral density (BMD) are conflicting. The aim of the study is to identify more eligible studies that calculated pooled OR and WMD with 95% CI to assess their associations. Overall, there were significant correlations between VDR ApaI, VDR FokI and PMOP susceptibility. Subgroup analysis showed that VDR ApaI polymorphism significantly decreased the osteoporosis risk in Caucasian postmenopausal women...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ozden Kamisli, Ceren Acar, Mert Sozen, Mehmet Tecellioglu, Fatma Ebru Yücel, Dilara Vaizoglu, Cemal Özcan
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Genetic and environmental factors are important in disease development. Many studies have investigated the relationship between MS and VDR polymorphisms. VDR gene polymorphism has not been previously studied in Turkish MS patients. We aimed to investigate the relationship between MS and VDR genotypes Taq I, Apa I and Fok I polymorphisms in a Turkish population. METHODS: 167 MS patients and 146 healthy control subjects were included in the present study...
January 9, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
L Ganry, B Hersant, M SidAhmed-Mezi, G Dhonneur, J P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative anxiety may lead to medical and surgical complications, behavioral problems and emotional distress. The most common means of prevention are based on using medication and, more recently, hypnosis. The aim of our study was to determine whether a virtual reality (VR) program presenting natural scenes could be part of a new therapy to reduce patients' preoperative anxiety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our prospective pilot study consisted of a single-blind trial in skin cancer surgery at the Henri Mondor Teaching Hospital in France...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Qiao He, Yecai Huang, Li Zhang, Yan Yan, Jingyi Liu, Xiaoyu Song, Weixian Chen
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a serious public health problem. Understanding risk factors associated with development of HBV is greatly important. Numerous studies focus on relationship between vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms (TaqI, FokI, ApaI, BsmI) and the risk of HBV infection in different ethnic groups. However the results published so far are inconsistent. The aim of this study is to quantify the association between VDR polymorphisms with HBV infection by meta-analysis approach...
December 14, 2017: Gene
Harishankar Mahto, Rina Tripathy, Bidyut K Das, Aditya K Panda
AIM: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with various clinical manifestations. Susceptibility to development of SLE has been linked to several factors, such as genetic, environmental and hormonal. Vitamin D appears to have a regulatory role on disease manifestation and activity. Vitamin D exerts its effect through vitamin D receptors (VDR). Several studies have demonstrated an association between VDR polymorphisms and susceptibility to SLE in different populations, although the results are still inconclusive...
February 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Perihan Ekmekçi, Gulbanu Erkan, Hakan Yilmaz, Baturay K Kazbek, Ulku C Köksoy, Güler Doganay, Doganay Filiz Tüzüner
Aim: To compare the effects of propofol/remifentanil and meperidine/midazolam on postprocedure cognitive function. Materials and methods: A total of 100 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score I to III patients undergoing elective colonoscopy were taken into the study and divided into two groups. Exclusion criteria were patient refusal, mini mental test (MMT) <26, The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS) >10, advanced cardiopulmonary or psychiatric disease, chronic alcohol abuse, morbid obesity, and known allergy to study drugs...
July 2017: Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology
Yan-Jie Zhang, Li Zhang, Shan-Yu Chen, Guo-Jun Yang, Xiao-Lei Huang, Yu Duan, Li-Juan Yang, Dong-Qing Ye, Jing Wang
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms have been inconsistently investigated in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, published studies demonstrated differences concerning design and effect size. A meta-analysis is necessary to determine the magnitude of the association between VDR polymorphisms and MS risk. The aim of the current study was to quantify the magnitude of the association between BsmI, FokI, ApaI, and TaqI VDR polymorphisms and MS risk. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a systematic search and meta-analysis of the VDR gene polymorphisms and the risk of MS...
November 6, 2017: Neurological Sciences
Sarah Allegra, Jessica Cusato, Silvia De Francia, Filomena Longo, Elisa Pirro, Davide Massano, Antonio Piga, Antonio D'Avolio
OBJECTIVES: Patients with β-thalassemia major have extremely low vitamin D levels, owing to reduced intestinal absorption, subicteric tint, and/or iron-induced higher pigmentation. We investigated whether some polymorphisms within the VDR, CYP24A1, CYP27B1, and GC genes could play a role in deferasirox pharmacokinetics in a cohort of pediatric patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen children with β-thalassemia were enrolled. Drug plasma concentrations at the end of dosing interval (Ctrough) and after 0, 2, 4, 6, and 24 h of drug administration were measured by a HPLC-UV method...
January 2018: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
Liliana Silva, Joana Mourão, Filipa Grosso, Luísa Peixe
Objectives: Two carbapenemase-carrying plasmids, pLS488 (blaOXA-23) and pLS535 (blaOXA-58) from Acinetobacter pittii clinical isolates, were characterized in this study, including their ability to be transferred to Acinetobacter baumannii. Methods: The clinical isolates were obtained from drainage fluid of a patient with biliary tract cancer and from an exudate of a patient with a hip infection (Portuguese University Hospital, 2012). Isolate characterization included antimicrobial susceptibility tests, carbapenemase production by Blue-Carba, carbapenem-hydrolysing class D β-lactamase (CHDL) gene search by PCR sequencing, ApaI-PFGE, CHDL genetic location and plasmid size by hybridization and WGS...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Zheng Xia, Yazhuo Hu, Zhitao Han, Ya Gao, Jie Bai, Yao He, Hua Zhao, Honghong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia is rising alarmingly in elderly Han Chinese male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The genetic factors that contribute to the development of diabetic dyslipidemia remain incompletely identified. This study was conducted to assess the association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and development of dyslipidemia in the Han elderly male population with T2DM in North China. METHODS: A total of 242 T2DM patients with dyslipidemia (DH group, n=108) or without dyslipidemia (DO group, n=134) and 100 controls were genotyped for ApaI, TaqI and FokI single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the VDR gene using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Mohammed Y Areeshi, Raju K Mandal, Mohd Wahid, Sajad A Dar, Arshad Jawed, Mohtashim Lohani, Amir Mahgoub Awadelkareem Abdallah, Saif Khan, Aditya K Panda, B N Mishra, Shafiul Haque
GOALS: The involvement of the VDR ApaI gene polymorphism in the development of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) has been reported by numerous published studies and yielded inconsistent results. The present meta-analysis evaluated the association of VDR ApaI polymorphism and risk of PTB occurrence. PROCEDURES: PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Google Scholar web-databases were searched and a meta-analysis was performed by calculating the pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs)...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Haidan M El-Shorbagy, Nada H Mahmoud, Salwa Sabet
This study aimed to explore whether genetic polymorphisms in vitamin D receptor are correlated to the breast cancer prevalence in an Egyptian population. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment polymorphism was used to genotype three frequently analyzed vitamin D receptor gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1544410, rs7975232, and rs731236) and were identified by sequencing analysis. This is the first study that recorded a new single-nucleotide polymorphism in ApaI genotype within an Egyptian population and was registered with the accession number KY859868...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Sabina Cauci, Marco Viganò, Laura de Girolamo, Paola De Luca, Carlotta Perucca Orfei, Giuseppe Banfi, Giovanni Lombardi, Marco Brayda-Bruno, Alessandra Colombini
Both vitamin D and collagen have roles in osteocartilaginous homeostasis. We evaluated the association between the circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) type I and II collagen degradation products (CTx-I, and CTx-II), and four vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphisms, in Italian males affected by low back pain (LBP) due to herniation/discopathy and/or vertebral osteochondrosis. FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI VDR-polymorphisms were detected through PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), and circulating 25(OH)D, CTx-I and CTx-II were measured by immunoassays in 79 patients (of which 26 had osteochondrosis) and 79 age-, sex- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy controls...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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