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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936423/optimising-the-community-based-approach-to-healthcare-improvement-comparative-case-studies-of-the-clinical-community-model-in-practice
#1
Emma-Louise Aveling, Graham Martin, Georgia Herbert, Natalie Armstrong
Community-based approaches to healthcare improvement are receiving increasing attention. Such approaches could offer an infrastructure for efficient knowledge-sharing and a potent means of influencing behaviours, but their potential is yet to be optimised. After briefly reviewing challenges to community-based approaches, we describe in detail the clinical community model. Through exploring clinical communities in practice, we seek to identify practical lessons for optimising this community-based approach to healthcare improvement...
November 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936073/socio-demographic-social-cognitive-health-related-and-physical-environmental-variables-associated-with-context-specific-sitting-time-in-belgian-adolescents-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#2
Cedric Busschaert, Nicola D Ridgers, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Katrien De Cocker
INTRODUCTION: More knowledge is warranted about multilevel ecological variables associated with context-specific sitting time among adolescents. The present study explored cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of ecological domains of sedentary behaviour, including socio-demographic, social-cognitive, health-related and physical-environmental variables with sitting during TV viewing, computer use, electronic gaming and motorized transport among adolescents. METHODS: For this longitudinal study, a sample of Belgian adolescents completed questionnaires at school on context-specific sitting time and associated ecological variables...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935988/effects-of-a-community-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-co-help-among-adults-with-prediabetes-in-a-developing-country-a-quasi-experimental-study
#3
Norliza Ibrahim, Foong Ming Moy, Intan Attikah Nur Awalludin, Zainudin Mohd Ali, Ikram Shah Ismail
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Malaysian adults has increased by more than two folds over the past two decades. Strategies to collaborate with the existing community partners may become a promising channel for wide-scale dissemination of diabetes prevention in the country. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of community-based lifestyle interventions delivered to adults with prediabetes and their health-related quality of life as compared to the usual care group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935437/improving-health-care-student-attitudes-toward-older-adults-through-educational-interventions-a-systematic-review
#4
Linda Ross, Paul Jennings, Brett Williams
Educational institutions should aim to positively influence the attitudes of future health care practitioners toward older patients in order to ensure the provision of quality patient care. This systematic review of the literature aims to determine the effectiveness of educational interventions designed to improve healthcare student behaviours and/or attitudes towards older people. The 29 studies included in this review utilised a variety of interventions, methods and measurement tools. The most common type of educational intervention incorporated interaction with real patients...
December 9, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935247/focusing-on-situation-specific-expectations-in-major-depression-as-basis-for-behavioural-experiments-development-of-the-depressive-expectations-scale
#5
Tobias Kube, Lisa D'Astolfo, Julia A Glombiewski, Bettina K Doering, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional expectations are considered to be core features of various mental disorders. The aim of the study was to develop the Depressive Expectations Scale (DES) as a depression-specific measure for the assessment of dysfunctional expectations. Whereas previous research primarily focused on general cognitions and attitudes, the DES assesses 25 future-directed expectations (originally 75 items) which are situation-specific and falsifiable. DESIGN AND METHODS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the DES, the scale was completed by 175 participants with and without severe depressive symptoms in an online survey...
December 9, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935093/daughters-of-mothers-who-smoke-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-maternal-prenatal-tobacco-use-and-subsequent-prenatal-smoking-in-offspring
#6
Collette N Ncube, Beth A Mueller
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to tobacco is associated with adverse health outcomes for the mother and child, and has been associated with an increased risk of tobacco smoking and nicotine dependence in offspring. The objective of this study was to examine the risk of prenatal smoking, among daughters, associated with maternal prenatal smoking. METHODS: We used a population-based cohort study design, with linked vital records data of mothers and daughters delivering 1984-96 and 1996-2013, respectively, in Washington State...
December 9, 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931934/assessing-the-impact-of-tailored-biosecurity-advice-on-farmer-behaviour-and-pathogen-presence-in-beef-herds-in-england-and-wales
#7
J M Cardwell, S Van Winden, W Beauvais, A Mastin, W A De Glanville, J Hardstaff, R E Booth, J Fishwick, D U Pfeiffer
The term 'biosecurity' encompasses many measures farmers can take to reduce the risk of pathogen incursion or spread. As the best strategy will vary between settings, veterinarians play an important role in assessing risk and providing advice, but effectiveness requires farmer acceptance and implementation. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of specifically-tailored biosecurity advice packages in reducing endemic pathogen presence on UK beef suckler farms. One hundred and sixteen farms recruited by 10 veterinary practices were followed for three years...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931831/lifestyle-interventions-to-improve-the-quality-of-life-of-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Julia Menichetti, Silvia Villa, Tiziana Magnani, Barbara Avuzzi, Davide Bosetti, Cristina Marenghi, Sara Morlino, Tiziana Rancati, Hein Van Poppel, Roberto Salvioni, Riccardo Valdagni, Lara Bellardita
Improving quality of life is a key issue for patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Lifestyle interventions could positively impact the quality of life of patients. However, there is no clear-cut understanding of the role of diet, exercise and risky behaviour reduction in improving the quality of life of men with PCa. The aim of this review was to systematically summarize randomized controlled trials on lifestyle in PCa patients with quality of life as main outcome. 17 trials were included. Most of them referred to exercise interventions (71%) and involved men undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (47%)...
December 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931234/patterns-and-determinants-of-malaria-risk-in-urban-and-peri-urban-areas-of-blantyre-malawi
#9
Don P Mathanga, Atupele Kapito Tembo, Themba Mzilahowa, Andy Bauleni, Kondwani Mtimaukenena, Terrie E Taylor, Clarissa Valim, Edward D Walker, Mark L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Although malaria disease in urban and peri-urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa is a growing concern, the epidemiologic patterns and drivers of transmission in these settings remain poorly understood. Factors associated with variation in malaria risk in urban and peri-urban areas were evaluated in this study. METHODS: A health facility-based, age and location-matched, case-control study of children 6-59 months of age was conducted in four urban and two peri-urban health facilities (HF) of Blantyre city, Malawi...
December 8, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930939/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-childhood-anxiety-predictors-of-treatment-response
#10
Kerstin Thirlwall, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Guided Parent-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (GPD-CBT) is a brief, effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, however not all children respond favourably. AIMS: To examine predictors of response to GPD-CBT. METHODS: Parents of 125 children (7-12 years) with an anxiety disorder received GPD-CBT over 2.6 or 5.3h. Recovery was measured post treatment and six months later. RESULTS: Younger children and those with primary Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) improved more post treatment, but older children and those without primary GAD had better outcomes at six month follow up...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930697/early-antenatal-prediction-of-gestational-diabetes-in-obese-women-development-of-prediction-tools-for-targeted-intervention
#11
Sara L White, Debbie A Lawlor, Annette L Briley, Keith M Godfrey, Scott M Nelson, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Stephen C Robson, Naveed Sattar, Paul T Seed, Matias C Vieira, Paul Welsh, Melissa Whitworth, Lucilla Poston, Dharmintra Pasupathy
All obese women are categorised as being of equally high risk of gestational diabetes (GDM) whereas the majority do not develop the disorder. Lifestyle and pharmacological interventions in unselected obese pregnant women have been unsuccessful in preventing GDM. Our aim was to develop a prediction tool for early identification of obese women at high risk of GDM to facilitate targeted interventions in those most likely to benefit. Clinical and anthropometric data and non-fasting blood samples were obtained at 15+0-18+6 weeks' gestation in 1303 obese pregnant women from UPBEAT, a randomised controlled trial of a behavioural intervention...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929451/the-self-regulation-model-of-illness-comparison-between-zika-and-dengue-and-its-application-to-predict-mosquito-prevention-behaviours-in-malaysia-a-dengue-endemic-country
#12
Li Ping Wong, Haridah Alias, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, I-Ching Sam, Sazaly AbuBakar
Perceptions about illnesses may influence self-care and preventive health behaviours. Illness perceptions of the Zika virus (ZIKV) infection were investigated under the framework of the Self-Regulation Model of Illness. Illness perception differences between ZIKV and dengue fever were also examined. Lastly, associations between illness perceptions of ZIKV with mosquito prevention practices were studied. Samples were drawn from landline telephone numbers using computer-assisted telephone interviewing in Malaysia...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927226/what-is-the-impact-of-obtaining-medical-clearance-to-participate-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-examining-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-the-socio-demographic-and-risk-factor-profiles-of-included-participants
#13
Mitch J Duncan, Richard R Rosenkranz, Corneel Vandelanotte, Cristina M Caperchione, Amanda L Rebar, Anthony J Maeder, Rhys Tague, Trevor N Savage, Anetta van Itallie, W Kerry Mummery, Gregory S Kolt
BACKGROUND: Requiring individuals to obtain medical clearance to exercise prior to participation in physical activity interventions is common. The impact this has on the socio-demographic characteristic profiles of participants who end up participating in the intervention is not clear. METHODS: As part of the multi-component eligibility screening for inclusion in a three-arm randomised controlled trial examining the efficacy of a web-based physical activity intervention, individuals interested in participating were required to complete the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)...
December 7, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927218/efficacy-of-interventions-that-use-apps-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Nicola A Bray, Susan L Williams, Mitch J Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: Health and fitness applications (apps) have gained popularity in interventions to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviours but their efficacy is unclear. This systematic review examined the efficacy of interventions that use apps to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adults. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted in five databases to identify papers published between 2006 and 2016. Studies were included if they used a smartphone app in an intervention to improve diet, physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour for prevention...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927175/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-tailored-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-based-intervention-for-depressive-symptoms-in-those-newly-diagnosed-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Litza A Kiropoulos, Trevor Kilpatrick, Alex Holmes, Jennifer Threader
BACKGROUND: To examine the effectiveness and acceptability of an 8-week individual tailored cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention for the treatment of depressive symptoms in those newly diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: The current study presents a pilot, parallel group randomized controlled trial (RCT) with an allocation ratio of 1:1 conducted in a large research and teaching hospital in Melbourne, Australia. 30 individuals with a mean age of 36...
December 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926353/roles-of-body-image-related-experiential-avoidance-and-uncommitted-living-in-the-link-between-body-image-and-women-s-quality-of-life
#16
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
The current study aimed to test whether the associations of body mass index, body image discrepancy, and social comparison based on physical appearance with women's psychological quality of life (QoL) would be explained by the mechanisms of body image-related experiential avoidance and patterns of uncommitted living. The sample was collected from October 2014 to March 2015 and included 737 female college students (aged between 18 and 25 years) who completed validated self-report measures. Results demonstrated that the final path model explained 43% of psychological QoL and revealed an excellent fit...
December 7, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925449/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-a-questionnaire-measure-of-managerial-stigma-towards-employee-depression
#17
Angela J Martin, Rebecca Giallo
Managers' attitudes play a key role in how organizations respond to employees with depression. We examine the measurement properties of a questionnaire designed to assess managerial stigma towards employees with depression. Using data from a sample of 469 Australian managers representing a wide range of industries and work settings, we conducted a confirmatory factor analysis to assess three proposed subscales representing affective, cognitive and behavioural forms of stigma. Results were equivocal indicating acceptable fit for two-factor (affective and cognitive + behavioural), three-factor (affective, cognitive and behavioural) and higher order models...
December 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925292/cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-carers
#18
R A Lawson, A J Yarnall, F Johnston, G W Duncan, T K Khoo, D Collerton, J P Taylor, D J Burn
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of informal caregivers of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) (PwP) can be affected by the caring role. Because of cognitive symptoms and diminished activities of daily living, in addition to the management of motor symptoms, carers of PwP and cognitive impairment may experience increased levels of burden and poorer QoL compared with carers of PwP without cognitive impairment. This study aimed to investigate the impact of cognitive impairment in PD upon QoL of carers...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925149/behavioural-interventions-to-promote-workers-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment
#19
REVIEW
Bao Yen Luong Thanh, Malinee Laopaiboon, David Koh, Pornpun Sakunkoo, Hla Moe
BACKGROUND: Respiratory hazards are common in the workplace. Depending on the hazard and exposure, the health consequences may include: mild to life-threatening illnesses from infectious agents, acute effects ranging from respiratory irritation to chronic lung conditions, or even cancer from exposure to chemicals or toxins. Use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is an important preventive measure in many occupational settings. RPE only offers protection when worn properly, when removed safely and when it is either replaced or maintained regularly...
December 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#20
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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