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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239945/the-effect-of-viewing-video-clips-of-paediatric-local-anaesthetic-administration-on-the-confidence-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#1
K P Kenny, A M Alkazme, P F Day
INTRODUCTION: Dental treatment for children requires not only technical skills, but also the knowledge and confidence to provide behaviour management to support children of differing ages and stages of development. It is not surprising then that dental students find treating children especially stressful. Paediatric dentistry training is therefore a vital element of the undergraduate dental curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six fourth-year undergraduate dental students received standard lectures and seminars about behaviour management techniques for children having local anaesthetic...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239211/active-subjects-of-passive-monitoring-responses-to-a-passive-monitoring-system-in-low-income-independent-living
#2
Clara Berridge
Passive monitoring technology is beginning to be reimbursed by third-party payers in the United States of America. Given the low voluntary uptake of these technologies on the market, it is important to understand the concerns and perspectives of users, former users and non-users. In this paper, the range of ways older adults relate to passive monitoring in low-income independent-living residences is presented. This includes experiences of adoption, non-adoption, discontinuation and creative 'misuse'. The analysis of interviews reveals three key insights...
March 2017: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239209/systematic-review-of-educational-interventions-for-looked-after-children-and-young-people-recommendations-for-intervention-development-and-evaluation
#3
Rhiannon Evans, Rachel Brown, Gwyther Rees, Philip Smith
Looked-after children and young people (LACYP) are educationally disadvantaged compared to the general population. A systematic review was conducted of randomised controlled trials evaluating interventions aimed at LACYP aged ≤18 years. Restrictions were not placed on delivery setting or delivery agent. Intervention outcomes were: academic skills; academic achievement and grade completion; special education status; homework completion; school attendance, suspension, and drop-out; number of school placements; teacher-student relationships; school behaviour; and academic attitudes...
February 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238788/childhood-vaccination-communication-outcomes-unpacked-and-organised-in-a-taxonomy-to-facilitate-core-outcome-establishment
#4
Jessica Kaufman, Rebecca Ryan, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Yuri Cartier, Julie Cliff, Angela Oyo-Ita, Heather Ames, Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Afiong Oku, Gabriel Rada, Sophie Hill
OBJECTIVE: We present a comprehensive taxonomy of outcomes for childhood vaccination communication interventions. Adding to our earlier map of trial outcomes, we aimed to: 1) identify relevant outcomes not measured in trials; 2) identify outcomes from stakeholder focus groups; and 3) organise outcomes into a taxonomy. STUDY DESIGN: We identified additional outcomes from non-vaccination health communication literature and through parent and healthcare professional focus groups...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238298/factors-associated-with-high-consumption-of-soft-drinks-among-australian-secondary-school-students
#5
Maree Scully, Belinda Morley, Philippa Niven, David Crawford, Iain S Pratt, Melanie Wakefield
OBJECTIVE: To examine demographic and behavioural correlates of high consumption of soft drinks (non-alcoholic sugar-sweetened carbonated drinks excluding energy drinks) among Australian adolescents and to explore the associations between high consumption and soft drink perceptions and accessibility. DESIGN: Cross-sectional self-completion survey and height and weight measurements. SETTING: Australian secondary schools. SUBJECTS: Students aged 12-17 years participating in the 2012-13 National Secondary Students' Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey (n 7835)...
February 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238228/is-sedentary-behaviour-unhealthy-and-if-so-does-reducing-it-improve-this
#6
REVIEW
Shao-Hua Chin, Chanaka Kahathuduwa, Martin Binks
PURPOSE: To provide a qualitative synthesis of the available literature on the role of sedentary behavior in health. AIMS: We sought to determine if (i) being sedentary 'causes' health problems and (ii) interventions to reduce sedentary behavior improve health status. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were utilized. Manuscripts published from 2001 to 2015 using specific keyword combinations (eg sedentary behavior, physical activity, sitting, intervention) were included and qualitatively reviewed...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237958/study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-efficacy-of-a-smoking-cessation-e-tabac-info-service-ee-tis-trial
#7
L Cambon, P Bergman, Al Le Faou, I Vincent, B Le Maitre, A Pasquereau, P Arwidson, D Thomas, F Alla
INTRODUCTION: A French national smoking cessation service, Tabac Info Service, has been developed to provide an adapted quitline and a web and mobile application involving personalised contacts (eg, questionnaires, advice, activities, messages) to support smoking cessation. This paper presents the study protocol of the evaluation of the application (e-intervention Tabac Info Service (e-TIS)). The primary objective is to assess the efficacy of e-TIS. The secondary objectives are to (1) describe efficacy variations with regard to users' characteristics, (2) analyse mechanisms and contextual conditions of e-TIS efficacy...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237953/evaluating-the-relative-effectiveness-of-high-intensity-and-low-intensity-models-of-behaviour-change-communication-interventions-for-abortion-care-seeking-in-bihar-and-jharkhand-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sushanta K Banerjee, Kathryn Andersen, Erin Pearson, Janardan Warvadekar, Danish U Khan, Sangeeta Batra
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a high-intensity model (HIM) and a low-intensity model (LIM) of behaviour change communication interventions in Bihar and Jharkhand states of India designed to improve women's knowledge and usage of safe abortion services, as well as the dose effect of intervention exposure. METHODS: We conducted two cross-sectional household surveys among married women aged 15-49 years in intervention and comparison districts...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236733/influences-on-the-food-choices-and-physical-activity-behaviours-of-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-a-qualitative-study
#9
Orna A O'Brien, Karen L Lindsay, Mary McCarthy, Aileen F McGloin, Maria Kennelly, Helena A Scully, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: to qualitatively explore influences identified by overweight/obese pregnant women on food choices and physical activity (PA) behaviours; to determine the impact of pregnancy on these factors; and to inform development of future lifestyle interventions during pregnancy. DESIGN: cross-sectional interview study. SETTING: maternity hospital, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: pregnant women (n=22), early pregnancy Body Mass Index > 25kg/m(2) MEASURES: barriers to and facilitators of healthy eating and PA in overweight/obese pregnancy...
February 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236127/patient-education-in-osteoporosis-prevention-a-systematic-review-focusing-on-methodological-quality-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Jana-Carina Morfeld, Vera Vennedey, Dirk Müller, Dawid Pieper, Stephanie Stock
: This review summarizes evidence regarding the effects of patient education in osteoporosis prevention and treatment. The included studies reveal mixed results on a variety of endpoints. Methodological improvem ent of future RCTs (e.g. with regard to randomization and duration of follow-up) might yield more conclusive evidence on the effects of patient education in osteoporosis INTRODUCTION: This review aims to evaluate the effects of patient education on osteoporosis prevention and treatment results...
February 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235970/gamblingless-for-life-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial-of-an-online-cognitive-behavioural-programme-for-disordered-gambling
#11
S S Merkouris, S N Rodda, D Austin, D I Lubman, P Harvey, M Battersby, J Cunningham, T Lavis, D Smith, N A Dowling
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of disordered gambling worldwide has been estimated at 2.3%. Only a small minority of disordered gamblers seek specialist face-to-face treatment, and so a need for alternative treatment delivery models that capitalise on advances in communication technology, and use self-directed activity that can complement existing services has been identified. As such, the primary aim of this study is to evaluate an online self-directed cognitive-behavioural programme for disordered gambling (GamblingLess: For Life)...
February 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235819/does-the-risk-of-hospitalisation-for-ischaemic-heart-disease-rise-already-before-widowhood
#12
Elina Einiö, Heta Moustgaard, Pekka Martikainen, Taina Leinonen
BACKGROUND: The death of a spouse has been shown to increase mortality from various causes, including ischaemic heart disease. It is unclear, however, whether cardiac problems are already on the rise before widowhood. METHODS: Using longitudinal register data of Finnish widows-to-be aged 65 and over at baseline (N=19 185), we assessed the risk of hospitalisation for ischaemic heart disease 18 months before and after widowhood. Hospital admissions were derived from national hospital discharge registers between 1996 and 2002...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235776/cost-effectiveness-of-a-text-message-programme-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-cardiovascular-events
#13
Edward Burn, Son Nghiem, Stephen Jan, Julie Redfern, Anthony Rodgers, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Nicholas Graves, Clara K Chow
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of Tobacco, Exercise and Diet Messages (TEXT ME), a text message-based intervention that provides advice, motivation, information and support to improve health-related behaviours. METHODS: A lifetime Markov model was used to estimate major vascular events (myocardial infarctions and strokes) avoided, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained, costs to the health system and the incremental cost per QALY gained. The model was informed by data from a randomised controlled trial of TEXT ME, with evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses used to estimate the effects of changes in risk factors on the risk of major vascular events...
February 24, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235415/a-systematic-review-of-health-economic-models-of-opioid-agonist-therapies-in-maintenance-treatment-of-non-prescription-opioid-dependence
#14
Mersha Chetty, James J Kenworthy, Sue Langham, Andrew Walker, William C N Dunlop
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence is a chronic condition with substantial health, economic and social costs. The study objective was to conduct a systematic review of published health-economic models of opioid agonist therapy for non-prescription opioid dependence, to review the different modelling approaches identified, and to inform future modelling studies. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in March 2015 in eight electronic databases, supplemented by hand-searching reference lists and searches on six National Health Technology Assessment Agency websites...
February 24, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230899/shared-care-across-the-interface-between-primary-and-specialty-care-in-management-of-long-term-conditions
#15
REVIEW
Susan M Smith, Gráinne Cousins, Barbara Clyne, Shane Allwright, Tom O'Dowd
BACKGROUND: Shared care has been used in the management of many chronic conditions with the assumption that it delivers better care than primary or specialty care alone; however, little is known about the effectiveness of shared care. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of shared care health service interventions designed to improve the management of chronic disease across the primary/specialty care interface. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230061/neurofibromatosis-type-1
#16
REVIEW
David H Gutmann, Rosalie E Ferner, Robert H Listernick, Bruce R Korf, Pamela L Wolters, Kimberly J Johnson
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a complex autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline mutations in the NF1 tumour suppressor gene. Nearly all individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 develop pigmentary lesions (café-au-lait macules, skinfold freckling and Lisch nodules) and dermal neurofibromas. Some individuals develop skeletal abnormalities (scoliosis, tibial pseudarthrosis and orbital dysplasia), brain tumours (optic pathway gliomas and glioblastoma), peripheral nerve tumours (spinal neurofibromas, plexiform neurofibromas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours), learning disabilities, attention deficits, and social and behavioural problems, which can negatively affect quality of life...
February 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229895/impulse-control-disorders-and-levodopa-induced-dyskinesias-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Valerie Voon, T Celeste Napier, Michael J Frank, Veronique Sgambato-Faure, Anthony A Grace, Maria Rodriguez-Oroz, Jose Obeso, Erwan Bezard, Pierre-Olivier Fernagut
Dopaminergic medications used in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease are associated with motor and non-motor behavioural side-effects, such as dyskinesias and impulse control disorders also known as behavioural addictions. Levodopa-induced dyskinesias occur in up to 80% of patients with Parkinson's after a few years of chronic treatment. Impulse control disorders, including gambling disorder, binge eating disorder, compulsive sexual behaviour, and compulsive shopping occur in about 17% of patients with Parkinson's disease on dopamine agonists...
March 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229807/using-psychoeducation-and-role-induction-to-improve-completion-rates-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#18
Jaime Delgadillo, Martin Groom
BACKGROUND: Pre-treatment role induction interventions have been suggested to potentially enhance attendance and clinical outcomes in psychotherapy. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a programme of three transdiagnostic seminars (TDS) for patients with common mental disorders accessing cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in primary care. TDS included CBT psychoeducation and role induction. METHOD: A random sample of patients (n = 49) participated in TDS followed by CBT (TDS+CBT) and they were compared with matched controls (n = 49) accessing usual CBT...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229806/-i-can-t-concentrate-a-feasibility-study-with-young-refugees-in-sweden-on-developing-science-driven-interventions-for-intrusive-memories-related-to-trauma
#19
Emily A Holmes, Ata Ghaderi, Ellinor Eriksson, Klara Olofsdotter Lauri, Olivia M Kukacka, Maya Mamish, Ella L James, Renée M Visser
BACKGROUND: The number of refugees is the highest ever worldwide. Many have experienced trauma in home countries or on their escape which has mental health sequelae. Intrusive memories comprise distressing scenes of trauma which spring to mind unbidden. Development of novel scalable psychological interventions is needed urgently. AIMS: We propose that brief cognitive science-driven interventions should be developed which pinpoint a focal symptom alongside a means to monitor it using behavioural techniques...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229805/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Kate Cooper, James D Gregory, Ian Walker, Sinead Lambe, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety (HA), or hypochondriasis, is a psychological problem characterized by a preoccupation with the belief that one is physically unwell. A 2007 Cochrane review (Thomson and Page, 2007) found cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to be an effective intervention for individuals with HA. Similar findings were reported in a recent meta-analysis (Olatunji et al., 2014), which did not employ a systematic search strategy. The current review aimed to investigate the efficacy of CBT for HA, and to update the existing reviews...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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