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behavioural support smoking cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521782/combining-alcohol-interventions-with-tobacco-addictions-treatment-in-primary-care-the-combat-study-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking are often treated separately despite concurrent treatment potentially leading to better outcomes for each. However, no rapidly scalable program exists for combined interventions in primary care clinics spread across wide geographic areas. This cluster randomized trial aims to report on the effects of a novel clinical decision support system (CDSS) on intervention rates by primary care practitioners addressing risky alcohol use in a smoking cessation program...
May 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501035/motivation-to-quit-smoking-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#2
Vânia Rocha, Marina Guerra, Marina Lemos, Júlia Maciel, Geoffrey Williams
INTRODUCTION: Self-Determination Theory explores the process through which a person acquires motivation to initiate new behaviours related to health and to maintain them over time. This study aimed to determine the overall fit of Self-Determination Theory Model for Health Behavior to the data obtained from a sample of smokers hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome, and to identify the predictors of smoking status six months after clinical discharge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 110 participants, regular smokers, hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489501/smoking-cessation-treatment-for-patients-with-mental-disorders-using-cbt-and-combined-pharmacotherapy
#3
Aline Rodrigues Loreto, Carlos Felipe Cavalcanti Carvalho, Fernanda Piotto Fralonardo, Flavia Ismael, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, João Maurício Castaldelli-Maia
OBJECTIVES: To investigate smoking treatment effectiveness and retention in a population with and without mental disorders (MD). Participants received cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) plus nicotine patch alone or in combination with other medications (i.e., gum, bupropion, or nortriptyline) for smoking cessation treatment in a Brazilian Psychosocial Care Center unit (CAPS), taking into account sociodemographics and smoking profile covariates. METHODS: Comparison of treatment success (7-day point prevalence abstinence at the end of the treatment) and retention (presence of the individual in all of the 4 medical consultations and 6 group sessions) in two subsamples of patients with MD (n = 267) and without MD (n = 397) who were included in a 6-week treatment provided by a CAPS from 2007 to 2013...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449281/effect-of-0-5%C3%A2-mg-vs-1%C3%A2-mg-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Natalia Fouz-Rosón, Teodoro Montemayor-Rubio, Virginia Almadana-Pacheco, Soledad Montserrat-García, Ana Paulina Gómez-Bastero, Concepción Romero-Muñoz, Juan Polo-Padillo
AIMS: Varenicline is used in smoking cessation. The aims of the trial were to test for differences between standard 1 mg and 0.5 mg dose (both twice daily during 8 weeks) in 1) abstinence 2) adherence 3) side effects. DESIGN: Open-label randomized parallel-group controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. All those randomized were included in the final sample using an intention-to-treat (ITT) approach. SETTING: Stop-Smoking Clinic of the Virgen Macarena University Hospital in Seville, Spain...
April 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447363/tobacco-packaging-design-for-reducing-tobacco-use
#5
REVIEW
Ann McNeill, Shannon Gravely, Sara C Hitchman, Linda Bauld, David Hammond, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest single preventable cause of death and disease worldwide. Standardised tobacco packaging is an intervention intended to reduce the promotional appeal of packs and can be defined as packaging with a uniform colour (and in some cases shape and size) with no logos or branding, apart from health warnings and other government-mandated information, and the brand name in a prescribed uniform font, colour and size. Australia was the first country to implement standardised tobacco packaging between October and December 2012, France implemented standardised tobacco packaging on 1 January 2017 and several other countries are implementing, or intending to implement, standardised tobacco packaging...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435842/is-individual-smoking-behaviour-influenced-by-area-level-ethnic-density-a-cross-sectional-electronic-health-database-study-of-inner-south-east-london
#6
Rohini Mathur, Peter Schofield, Dianna Smith, Alexander Gilkes, Patrick White, Sally Hull
Tobacco smoking remains one of the greatest public health problems facing the UK today. It varies significantly by ethnic group. This study aimed to determine whether ethnic differences in smoking behaviour are related to neighbourhood-level, own-group ethnic density across south and east London. The association between ethnic density and individual smoking behaviour was assessed by multilevel logistic regression using the electronic health records of 688 397 general practitioner-registered patients. Restricted cubic splines were created to explore whether the effect of ethnic density on smoking behaviour was nonlinear...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401822/herziene-richtlijn-%C3%A2-behandeling-van-tabaksverslaving-en-stoppen-met-roken-ondersteuning%C3%A2
#7
N H Chavannes, E Meijer, L Wind, R C van der Graaf, C Rietbergen, E A Croes
- The revised guideline 'Treatment of tobacco addiction and smoking cessation support' offers health professionals a framework to provide evidence-based care to patients who smoke, which should aid in reducing smoking prevalence and smoke-related morbidity and mortality.- Four topics of the guideline have been revised: behavioural interventions, pharmacotherapy, e-health interventions and e-cigarettes. For the other topics, the recommendations from the 2009 version remain unaltered.- It is important that health professionals offer a made-to-measure smoking cessation advice and apply a fit-for-purpose smoking cessation intervention...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395588/health-promotion-in-medical-education-lessons-from-a-major-undergraduate-curriculum-implementation
#8
Ann Wylie, Kathleen Leedham-Green
Despite the economic, environmental and patient-related imperatives to prepare medical students to become health promoting doctors, health promotion remains relatively deprioritised in medical curricula. This paper uses an in-depth case study of a health promotion curriculum implementation at a large UK medical school to provide insights into the experiences of teachers and learners across a range of topics, pedagogies, and teaching & assessment modalities. Topics included smoking cessation, behavioural change approaches to obesity, exercise prescribing, social prescribing, maternal and child health, public and global health; with pedagogies ranging from e-learning to practice-based project work...
April 10, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379886/are-smokers-less-likely-to-seek-preventive-healthcare-measures-in-italy
#9
Giulia Carreras, Laura Iannucci, Giuseppe Costa, Elisabetta Chellini, Giuseppe Gorini
Smoking cessation is the key cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention action for smokers; however, smokers can still benefit from earlier diagnosis. This study aims to investigate behaviours towards cancer and CVD prevention by smoking habits in Italy. The study relies on data from a large Italian population-based survey carried out in 2013 on a sample of 119 073 individuals. We studied the relationship between smoking habits and the participation in cancer (cervical, breast and colorectal) screening programmes, or CVD prevention (performing cholesterol, blood pressure and glycaemia exams) using a multilevel logistic regression model...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376818/smokers-making-a-quit-attempt-using-e-cigarettes-with-or-without-nicotine-or-prescription-nicotine-replacement-therapy-impact-on-cardiovascular-function-isme-nrt-a-study-protocol
#10
Markos Klonizakis, Helen Crank, Anil Gumber, Leonie S Brose
BACKGROUND: The estimated number of cigarette smokers in the world is 1.3 billion, expected to rise to 1.7 billion by 2025, with 10 million smokers living in the U.K. Smoking is the leading, preventable death-cause worldwide, being responsible for almost 650,000 deaths in the E.U. annually. A combination of pharmacological interventions, including nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion and varenicline, and behavioural support is the most effective approach to smoking cessation. However, even the best methods have high relapse rates of approximately 75% within 6 months...
April 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361497/group-behaviour-therapy-programmes-for-smoking-cessation
#11
REVIEW
Lindsay F Stead, Allison J Carroll, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Group therapy offers individuals the opportunity to learn behavioural techniques for smoking cessation, and to provide each other with mutual support. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of group-delivered behavioural interventions in achieving long-term smoking cessation. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialized Register, using the terms 'behavior therapy', 'cognitive therapy', 'psychotherapy' or 'group therapy', in May 2016...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237958/study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-efficacy-of-a-smoking-cessation-e-tabac-info-service-ee-tis-trial
#12
L Cambon, P Bergman, Al Le Faou, I Vincent, B Le Maitre, A Pasquereau, P Arwidson, D Thomas, F Alla
INTRODUCTION: A French national smoking cessation service, Tabac Info Service, has been developed to provide an adapted quitline and a web and mobile application involving personalised contacts (eg, questionnaires, advice, activities, messages) to support smoking cessation. This paper presents the study protocol of the evaluation of the application (e-intervention Tabac Info Service (e-TIS)). The primary objective is to assess the efficacy of e-TIS. The secondary objectives are to (1) describe efficacy variations with regard to users' characteristics, (2) analyse mechanisms and contextual conditions of e-TIS efficacy...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212652/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-nicotine-assisted-smoking-reduction-programmes-delivered-by-community-pharmacists-the-redpharm-study
#13
Amanda Farley, Sarah Tearne, Taina Taskila, Rachel H Williams, Susan Mackaskill, Jean-Francois Etter, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials have established that, among people who have no immediate intention to quit smoking, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps people reduce and eventually stop smoking. The prime aim of this trial was to investigate the feasibility of implementing such a programme in community pharmacies. In addition, we investigated the effectiveness of providing behavioural support compared with self-help methods and of shorter compared with standard length reduction programmes...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#14
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108747/national-guidelines-for-smoking-cessation-in-primary-care-a-literature-review-and-evidence-analysis
#15
Marjolein Verbiest, Evelyn Brakema, Rianne van der Kleij, Kate Sheals, Georgia Allistone, Siân Williams, Andy McEwen, Niels Chavannes
National guidelines for smoking cessation in primary care can be effective in improving clinical practice. This study assessed which parties are involved in the development of such guidelines worldwide, which national guidelines address primary care, what recommendations are made for primary care settings, and how these recommendations correlate with each other and with current evidence. We identified national guidelines using an online resource. Only the most recent version of a guideline was included. If an English version was not available, we requested a translation or summary of the recommendations from the authors...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034998/the-methodological-quality-and-effectiveness-of-technology-based-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-disadvantaged-groups-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Veronica C Boland, Emily A Stockings, Richard P Mattick, Hayden McRobbie, Jamie Brown, Ryan J Courtney
AIMS: To assess the methodological quality and effectiveness of technology-based smoking cessation interventions in disadvantaged groups. METHOD: Four databases (EMBASE, Cochrane, Medline, and PsycInfo) were searched for studies conducted from 1980- May 2016. Randomised controlled trials that compared a behavioural smoking cessation intervention delivered primarily through a technology-based platform (e.g. mobile phone) with a no-intervention comparison group among disadvantaged smokers were included...
December 29, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978837/what-works-for-whom-in-pharmacist-led-smoking-cessation-support-realist-review
#17
Trisha Greenhalgh, Fraser Macfarlane, Liz Steed, Robert Walton
BACKGROUND: New models of primary care are needed to address funding and staffing pressures. We addressed the research question "what works for whom in what circumstances in relation to the role of community pharmacies in providing lifestyle interventions to support smoking cessation?" METHODS: This is a realist review conducted according to RAMESES standards. We began with a sample of 103 papers included in a quantitative review of community pharmacy intervention trials identified through systematic searching of seven databases...
December 16, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965880/lifestyle-change-in-the-cancer-setting-using-the-teachable-moment-protocol-for-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-in-a-urology-service
#18
Alyssa Sara Lee, Gozde Ozakinci, Steve Leung, Gerry Humphris, Hannah Dale, Neil Hamlet
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown diagnosis or screening for cancer may be a 'teachable moment' for prevention through lifestyle change. Previous trials have been successful but have been delivered via national programmes targeting patients being screened for colorectal cancer. This manuscript reports the protocol for a proof-of-concept study to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a lifestyle change service targeting men suspected or diagnosed with cancer of the prostate in a secondary care cancer service within the UK...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965855/optimising-self-care-support-for-people-with-heart-failure-and-their-caregivers-development-of-the-rehabilitation-enablement-in-chronic-heart-failure-reach-hf-intervention-using-intervention-mapping
#19
Colin J Greaves, Jennifer Wingham, Carolyn Deighan, Patrick Doherty, Jennifer Elliott, Wendy Armitage, Michelle Clark, Jackie Austin, Charles Abraham, Julia Frost, Sally Singh, Kate Jolly, Kevin Paul, Louise Taylor, Sarah Buckingham, Russell Davis, Hasnain Dalal, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: We aimed to establish the support needs of people with heart failure and their caregivers and develop an intervention to improve their health-related quality of life. METHODS: We used intervention mapping to guide the development of our intervention. We identified "targets for change" by synthesising research evidence and international guidelines and consulting with patients, caregivers and health service providers. We then used behaviour change theory, expert opinion and a taxonomy of behaviour change techniques, to identify barriers to and facilitators of change and to match intervention strategies to each target...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931202/use-of-aids-for-smoking-cessation-and-alcohol-reduction-a-population-survey-of-adults-in-england
#20
Emma Beard, Jamie Brown, Susan Michie, Eileen Kaner, Petra Meier, Robert West
BACKGROUND: It is important for policy planning to chart the methods smokers and high-risk drinkers use to help them change their behaviour. This study assessed prevalence of use, and characteristics of users, of support for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction in England. METHODS: Data were used from the Smoking and Alcohol Toolkit Studies, which involve monthly face-to-face computer-assisted interviews of adults aged 16+ in England. We included data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 on 1600 smokers who had made at least one quit attempt and 911 high-risk drinkers (defined as scores >8+ on the full AUDIT or 5+ on questions 1-3 of the AUDIT-C) who had made an attempt to cut down in the past 12 months...
December 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
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