Read by QxMD icon Read

behavioural support smoking cessation

Sharon Lawn, Teri Lucas
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates for people with severe mental illness have remained high despite significant declines in smoking rates in the general population, particularly for residents of community supported residential facilities (SRFs) where smoking has been largely neglected and institutionalized. METHODS: Two studies undertaken 10 years apart (2000 and 2010) with SRFs in Adelaide, Australia looked at historical trends to determine whether any progress has been made to address smoking for this population...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nicola Lindson-Hawley, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Thomas R Fanshawe, Rachna Begh, Amanda Farley, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is currently the only guaranteed way to reduce the harm caused by tobacco smoking, a reasonable secondary tobacco control approach may be to try and reduce the harm from continued tobacco use amongst smokers unable or unwilling to quit. Possible approaches to reduce the exposure to toxins from smoking include reducing the amount of tobacco used, and using less toxic products, such as pharmaceutical, nicotine and potential reduced-exposure tobacco products (PREPs), as an alternative to cigarettes...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Heather Morgan, Elizabeth Treasure, Mo Tabib, Majella Johnston, Chris Dunkley, Deborah Ritchie, Sean Semple, Steve Turner
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking can cause health complications in pregnancy. Particulate matter (PM2.5) metrics applied to second hand smoke (SHS) concentrations provide indoor air quality (IAQ) measurements and have been used to promote smoking behaviour change among parents of young children. Here, we present the qualitative results from a study designed to use IAQ measurements to help pregnant women who smoke to quit smoking. METHODS: We used IAQ measurements in two centres (Aberdeen and Coventry) using two interventions: 1...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ildiko Tombor, Lion Shahab, Jamie Brown, David Crane, Susan Michie, Robert West
Pregnant smokers may benefit from digital smoking cessation interventions, but few have been designed for this population. The aim was to transparently report the development of a smartphone app designed to aid smoking cessation during pregnancy. The development of a smartphone app ('SmokeFree Baby') to help pregnant women stop smoking was guided by frameworks for developing complex interventions, including the Medical Research Council (MRC), Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) and Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW)...
October 3, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Christine Paul, Flora Tzelepis, Alessandra Bisquera, Natasha Noble, John Wiggers
There is limited research about the patterns of multiple health risks among smokers, despite the associated increased risk of poor health. This study aimed to identify which risk behaviours were evident in a sample of smokers and ex-smokers who had previously been offered cessation support. A cross-sectional telephone interview in 2013 involved participants from New South Wales, Australia, from the control condition (self-help materials only) of a randomised smoking cessation trial conducted approximately five years earlier...
September 24, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Emma Beard, Robert West, Susan Michie, Jamie Brown
OBJECTIVES:  To estimate how far changes in the prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in England have been associated with changes in quit success, quit attempts, and use of licensed medication and behavioural support in quit attempts. DESIGN:  Time series analysis of population trends. PARTICIPANTS:  Participants came from the Smoking Toolkit Study, which involves repeated, cross sectional household surveys of individuals aged 16 years and older in England...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Israel Berger, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is double the general population. Limited evidence suggests high smoking rates among intersex people. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people are a priority population in Australian health policy, particularly mental health and ageing. Despite associations between smoking and non-communicable diseases relevant to ageing and mental health, LGBTI-targeted smoking cessation interventions in Australia have been limited to people living with HIV...
August 31, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Matthijs Blankers, Renate Buisman, Petra Hopman, Ronald van Gool, Margriet van Laar
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use prevalence is elevated among people with mental illnesses, leading to elevated rates of premature smoking-related mortality. Opportunities to encourage smoking cessation among them are currently underused by mental health professionals. In this paper, we aim to explore mechanisms to invigorate professionals' intentions to help patients stop smoking. METHODS: Data stem from a recent staff survey on the provision of smoking cessation support to patients with mental illnesses in the Netherlands...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
Kylie Vuong, Oshana Hermiz, Husna Razee, Robyn Richmond, Nicholas Zwar
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand the experiences surrounding smoking cessation among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to improve the likely success of future smoking cessation programs. OBJECTIVE: To explore the personal experiences surrounding smoking cessation among general practice patients with COPD. METHODS: A purposive sample of 33 general practice patients with COPD, 28 ex-smokers and 5 smokers, participated in the semi-structured telephone interviews...
August 27, 2016: Family Practice
Vladyslav Kushnir, Beth A Sproule, Laurie Zawertailo, Peter Selby, Rachel F Tyndale, Scott T Leatherdale, John A Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Large-scale public health initiatives providing free nicotine replacement therapy have been shown to increase smoking cessation rates; however, their effectiveness among the highly prevalent population of smokers with depression and anxiety disorders has not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of lifetime history of depression or anxiety on smoking cessation success following the free distribution of nicotine patches. METHOD: In the context of a randomised controlled trial, a secondary analysis was conducted on 1000 adult regular smokers randomised to be mailed a 5-week supply of nicotine patches or to a no intervention control group...
August 19, 2016: Tobacco Control
Judy Li, Sarah Nelson, Rhiannon Newcombe, Darren Walton
AIM: Exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) poses serious health consequences to non-smokers, and normalises smoking. Currently, there is no legislation restricting smoking in private cars in New Zealand. This paper supplements previous New Zealand studies on exposure to SHS in cars by examining smokers and recent quitters' knowledge and behaviours towards smoking in cars, and their support for two possible smokefree cars policy options. METHOD: The New Zealand Smoking Monitor is a fortnightly survey that uses a self-refreshing panel approach...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Anne Oikarinen, Janne Engblom, Maria Kääriäinen, Helvi Kyngäs
INTRODUCTION: Since a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack is a major risk factor for a recurrent event, lifestyle counselling during the hospital phase is an essential component of treatment and may increase the probability of lifestyle change. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of risk factor-targeted lifestyle counselling intervention on working-age stroke patients' adherence to lifestyle changes. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group pretest-post-test design...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Helen Elsey, Sudeepa Khanal, Shraddha Manandhar, Dilip Sah, Sushil Chandra Baral, Kamran Siddiqi, James Nicholas Newell
BACKGROUND: By 2030, 80 % of the annual 8.3 million deaths attributable to tobacco will be in low-income countries (LICs). Yet, services to support people to quit tobacco are not part of routine primary care in LICs. This study explored the challenges to implementing a behavioural support (BS) intervention to promote tobacco cessation within primary care in Nepal. METHODS: The study used qualitative and quantitative methods within an action research approach in three primary health care centres (PHCCs) in two districts of Nepal...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Denny Z H Levett, Mark Edwards, Mike Grocott, Monty Mythen
The time between contemplation of surgery and the procedure offers a window of opportunity to optimize patients' nutritional, functional and psychological state prior to surgery. Traditionally, preoperative pathways have focused on the underlying disease process and 'fitness for surgery' with physical pre-assessment and risk counselling late in the pathway when little time is available to intervene. With an increasingly elderly and co-morbid surgical population, early physiological assessment and multidisciplinary collaborative decision-making is increasingly important...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
J Ong, I Plueckhahn, D Cruickshank, L Churilov, L Mileshkin
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients who quit smoking have improved survival rates. The time of diagnosis provides a 'teachable moment' when healthcare providers can offer smoking-cessation treatment. AIMS: To assess the impact on quit rates of a tailored smoking-cessation intervention for patients diagnosed with a potentially curable cancer. METHODS: A prospective, one-arm cohort study of current smokers and recent quitters (<30 days) who had commenced treatment for a potentially curable cancer was performed...
September 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Ratna Sohanpal, Carol Rivas, Liz Steed, Virginia MacNeill, Valerie Kuan, Elizabeth Edwards, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVES: To understand views of pharmacy advisers about smoker recruitment and retention in the National Health Service community pharmacy stop smoking programme. DESIGN: Thematic framework analysis of semistructured, in-depth interviews applying the Theoretical Domains Framework and COM-B behaviour change model. We aimed to identify aspects of adviser behaviour that might be modified to increase numbers joining and completing the programme. PARTICIPANTS: 25 stop smoking advisers (13 pharmacists and 12 support staff)...
2016: BMJ Open
Alexandra P Metse, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, Lyndell Moore, Maree Adams, Maryanne Robinson, Jenny A Bowman
Psychiatric inpatient settings represent an opportunity to initiate the provision of tobacco cessation care to smokers with a mental illness. This study describes the use of evidence-based smoking cessation aids proactively and universally offered to a population of psychiatric inpatients upon discharge, and explores factors associated with their uptake. Data derived from the conduct of a randomised controlled trial were analysed in terms of the proportion of participants (N = 378) that utilised cessation aids including project delivered telephone smoking cessation counselling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), and Quitline support...
October 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Monique Baha, Abdelali Boussadi, Anne-Laurence Le Faou
OBJECTIVE: France is one the few European countries offering a national quit line along with partially cost-covered nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and cessation services. This study assesses outcomes and predictors of continued abstinence in French smoking cessation services. METHOD: The French national smoking cessation registry (CDTnet) included 23,810 adult smokers followed-up between 2011 and 2013. We assessed 1-month continued abstinence among 10,161 who initiated a quit attempt before or during follow-up...
September 2016: Preventive Medicine
Emma L Giles, Frauke Becker, Laura Ternent, Falko F Sniehotta, Elaine McColl, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Healthy behaviours are important determinants of health and disease, but many people find it difficult to perform these behaviours. Systematic reviews support the use of personal financial incentives to encourage healthy behaviours. There is concern that financial incentives may be unacceptable to the public, those delivering services and policymakers, but this has been poorly studied. Without widespread acceptability, financial incentives are unlikely to be widely implemented...
2016: PloS One
L E Magor-Blatch, A R Rugendyke
UNLABELLED: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: While smoking rates within the general population in Australia are dropping, 32% of Australians with a mental illness smoke, increasing to 73% among those with severe or chronic mental illness. In Australia and elsewhere, smoking bans within mental health facilities have been implemented. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: We surveyed 98 mental health professionals in Australia to gather information on attitudes toward smoke-free policies in mental health/psychiatric units within Australia...
June 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"