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behavioural support smoking cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777450/self-management-interventions-including-action-plans-for-exacerbations-versus-usual-care-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
REVIEW
Anke Lenferink, Marjolein Brusse-Keizer, Paul Dlpm van der Valk, Peter A Frith, Marlies Zwerink, Evelyn M Monninkhof, Job van der Palen, Tanja W Effing
BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) self-management interventions should be structured but personalised and often multi-component, with goals of motivating, engaging and supporting the patients to positively adapt their behaviour(s) and develop skills to better manage disease. Exacerbation action plans are considered to be a key component of COPD self-management interventions. Studies assessing these interventions show contradictory results. In this Cochrane Review, we compared the effectiveness of COPD self-management interventions that include action plans for acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) with usual care...
August 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769993/prevalence-habits-and-personal-attitudes-towards-smoking-among-health-care-professionals
#2
Brankica Juranić, Željko Rakošec, Jelena Jakab, Štefica Mikšić, Suzana Vuletić, Marul Ivandić, Ivka Blažević
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the second major cause of morbidity and the 4th most common health risk factor in the world. Medical professionals have a critical role in the process of smoking cessation both as advisers and behavioural models for the citizens. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of smoking among health care professionals, their smoking habits and personal attitudes toward smoking, role and the responsibility of health care professionals in the prevention of smoking...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743258/trends-in-smoking-behaviour-among-estonian-physicians-in-1982-2014
#3
Kersti Pärna, Mariliis Põld, Inge Ringmets
BACKGROUND: Smoking surveys among physicians have proved useful in highlighting the importance of physicians as healthy life style exemplars and role models in tobacco control and smoking cessation. The aim of this study was to give an overview of smoking behaviour among Estonian physicians from 1982 to 2014. METHODS: Three cross-sectional postal surveys using a self-administered questionnaire were carried out among all practising physicians in Estonia. The number of physicians participating in this study was 3786 in 1982, 2735 in 2002, and 2902 in 2014...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725452/mapmysmoke-feasibility-of-a-new-quit-cigarette-smoking-mobile-phone-application-using-integrated-geo-positioning-technology-and-motivational-messaging-within-a-primary-care-setting
#4
Robert S Schick, Thomas W Kelsey, John Marston, Kay Samson, Gerald W Humphris
BACKGROUND: Approximately 11,000 people die in Scotland each year as a result of smoking-related causes. Quitting smoking is relatively easy; maintaining a quit attempt is a very difficult task with success rates for unaided quit attempts stubbornly remaining in the single digits. Pharmaceutical treatment can improve these rates by lowering the overall reward factor of nicotine. However, these and related nicotine replacement therapies do not operate on, or address, the spatial and contextual aspects of smoking behaviour...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724413/smoking-related-general-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-estonia
#5
Gea Kõks, Krista Fischer, Sulev Kõks
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is known to be the single largest cause of premature death worldwide. The aim of present study was to analyse the effect of smoking on general and cause-specific mortality in the Estonian population. METHODS: The data from 51,756 adults in the Estonian Genome Center of the University of Tartu was used. Information on dates and causes of death was retrieved from the National Causes of Death Registry. Smoking status, general survival, general mortality and cause-specific mortality were analysed using Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards models...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673031/samoan-smokers-talk-about-smoking-and-quitting-a-focus-group-study
#6
Helen Tanielu, Judith McCool, Elaine Umali, Robyn Whittaker
Introduction: Samoa, like other Pacific Island countries, faces a persistent challenge to reduce smoking use with relatively limited resources. As a signatory to the WHO FCTC, Samoa is obligated to introduce measures to reduce tobacco use and is currently trialling a text message smoking cessation programme (mCessation) to achieve this outcome. Cigarettes remain relatively cheap and are widely available, but little is known about how smoking is initiated or why and how people quit smoking in the Samoa...
June 29, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667826/effectiveness-of-intensive-practice-nurse-counselling-versus-brief-general-practitioner-advice-both-combined-with-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-a-randomised-pragmatic-trial-in-primary-care
#7
Carolien van Rossem, Mark Spigt, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, A E M Lucas, Onno C P van Schayck, Daniel Kotz
AIMS: To study the effectiveness of intensive counselling by a practice nurse versus brief advice by a general practitioner, each combined with pharmacotherapy, for tobacco 6 months (primary outcome). Secondary outcomes included 12-month abstinence, medication adherence, and incremental costs per life year gained. DESIGN: A multi-site (N=10), two-group, parallel, pragmatic randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A network of primary healthcare centres in the Netherlands...
July 1, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661375/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-following-childbirth-literature-review-and-qualitative-study
#8
Linda Bauld, Hilary Graham, Lesley Sinclair, Kate Flemming, Felix Naughton, Allison Ford, Jennifer McKell, Dorothy McCaughan, Sarah Hopewell, Kathryn Angus, Douglas Eadie, David Tappin
BACKGROUND: Although many women stop smoking in pregnancy, others continue, causing harm to maternal and child health. Smoking behaviour is influenced by many factors, including the role of women's significant others (SOs) and support from health-care professionals (HPs). OBJECTIVES: To enhance understanding of the barriers to, and facilitators of, smoking cessation and the feasibility and acceptability of interventions to reach and support pregnant women to stop smoking...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623848/very-brief-physician-advice-and-supplemental-proactive-telephone-calls-to-promote-smoking-reduction-and-cessation-in-chinese-male-smokers-with-no-intention-to-quit-a-randomized-trial
#9
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Di Zhang, Hui Tian, Fang Zuo, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is inconsistent evidence that behavioural support to promote smoking reduction is effective at increasing smoking cessation. We examined the effectiveness of a brief physician advice together with four very brief telephone calls in promoting smoking cessation among Chinese men via reduction compared with equivalent advice on diet and exercise. DESIGN: A two-group pragmatic randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Male patients attending the Endocrinology and Acupuncture outpatient clinics of a general hospital in Beijing, China...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610482/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-among-smokers-with-psychotic-disorders-outcomes-to-36%C3%A2-months
#10
Amanda L Baker, Robyn Richmond, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Sacha L Filia, David Castle, Jill M Williams, Terry J Lewin, Vanessa Clark, Robin Callister, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVE: People living with psychotic disorders (schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders) have high rates of cardiovascular disease risk behaviours, including smoking, physical inactivity and poor diet. We report cardiovascular disease risk, smoking cessation and other risk behaviour outcomes over 36 months following recruitment into a two-arm randomised controlled trial among smokers with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Participants ( N = 235) drawn from three sites were randomised to receive nicotine replacement therapy plus (1) a Healthy Lifestyles intervention delivered over approximately 9 months or (2) a largely telephone-delivered intervention (designed to control for nicotine replacement therapy provision, session frequency and other monitoring)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601619/family-focussed-interventions-to-reduce-harm-from-smoking-in-primary-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-of-evaluative-studies
#11
REVIEW
Nicola Brown, Tim Luckett, Patricia M Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
Children living in families where adults smoke are exposed to harmful effects of tobacco smoke and risk a predisposition to smoking initiation. Interventions to support families to reduce risk of harm from smoking have been developed and tested. The purpose of this review is to identify effective family-based interventions used to promote smoke-free home environments in families with primary school age children (aged 5-12years). A systematic search of MEDLINE, Cochrane and CINAHL electronic databases was conducted...
August 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600490/treating-tobacco-dependence-guidance-for-primary-care-on-life-saving-interventions-position-statement-of-the-ipcrg
#12
O C P Van Schayck, S Williams, V Barchilon, N Baxter, M Jawad, P A Katsaounou, B J Kirenga, C Panaitescu, K W I G Tsiligianni, N Zwar, A Ostrem
Tobacco smoking is the world's leading cause of premature death and disability. Global targets to reduce premature deaths by 25% by 2025 will require a substantial increase in the number of smokers making a quit attempt, and a significant improvement in the success rates of those attempts in low, middle and high income countries. In many countries the only place where the majority of smokers can access support to quit is primary care. There is strong evidence of cost-effective interventions in primary care yet many opportunities to put these into practice are missed...
June 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543954/health-professionals-personal-behaviours-hindering-health-promotion-a-study-of-nurses-who-smoke
#13
Agurtzane Mujika, María Arantzamendi, Olga Lopez-Dicastillo, Angus Forbes
AIM: To explore the views of current and ex-smoker nurses on their role in supporting patients to stop smoking. BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions are closely linked to harmful lifestyle behaviours, including smoking and overeating. Health professionals have an important role to play in promoting healthier lifestyles. It has been described that nurses' health behaviours may be a barrier to their health promotion practice. There is a need to gain further understanding on why nurses' health promotion activity is influenced by their own health behaviour...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521782/combining-alcohol-interventions-with-tobacco-addictions-treatment-in-primary-care-the-combat-study-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking are often treated separately despite concurrent treatment potentially leading to better outcomes for each. However, no rapidly scalable program exists for combined interventions in primary care clinics spread across wide geographic areas. This cluster randomized trial aims to report on the effects of a novel clinical decision support system (CDSS) on intervention rates by primary care practitioners addressing risky alcohol use in a smoking cessation program...
May 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501035/motivation-to-quit-smoking-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#16
Vânia Rocha, Marina Guerra, Marina Lemos, Júlia Maciel, Geoffrey Williams
INTRODUCTION: Self-Determination Theory explores the process through which a person acquires motivation to initiate new behaviours related to health and to maintain them over time. This study aimed to determine the overall fit of Self-Determination Theory Model for Health Behavior to the data obtained from a sample of smokers hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome, and to identify the predictors of smoking status six months after clinical discharge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 110 participants, regular smokers, hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489501/smoking-cessation-treatment-for-patients-with-mental-disorders-using-cbt-and-combined-pharmacotherapy
#17
Aline Rodrigues Loreto, Carlos Felipe Cavalcanti Carvalho, Fernanda Piotto Frallonardo, Flavia Ismael, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, João Maurício Castaldelli-Maia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate smoking treatment effectiveness and retention in a population with and without mental disorders (MD). Participants received cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) plus nicotine patch alone or in combination with other medications (i.e., gum, bupropion, or nortriptyline) for smoking cessation treatment in a Brazilian Psychosocial Care Center unit (CAPS), taking into account sociodemographics and smoking profile covariates. METHODS: The study involved comparison of treatment success (seven-day point prevalence abstinence at the end of the treatment) and retention (presence of the individual in all of the four medical consultations and six group sessions) in two subsamples of patients with MD (n = 267) and without MD (n = 397) who were included in a six-week treatment provided by a CAPS from 2007 to 2013...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449281/effect-of-0-5%C3%A2-mg-versus-1%C3%A2-mg-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Natalia Fouz-Rosón, Teodoro Montemayor-Rubio, Virginia Almadana-Pacheco, Soledad Montserrat-García, Ana Paulina Gómez-Bastero, Concepción Romero-Muñoz, Juan Polo-Padillo
AIMS: Varenicline is used in smoking cessation. The aims of the trial were to test for differences between standard 1- and 0.5-mg doses (both twice daily during 8 weeks) in (1) abstinence, (2) adherence and (3) side effects. DESIGN: Open-label randomized parallel-group controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. All those randomized were included in the final sample using an intention-to-treat (ITT) approach. SETTING: Stop-Smoking Clinic of the Virgen Macarena University Hospital in Seville, Spain...
September 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447363/tobacco-packaging-design-for-reducing-tobacco-use
#19
REVIEW
Ann McNeill, Shannon Gravely, Sara C Hitchman, Linda Bauld, David Hammond, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest single preventable cause of death and disease worldwide. Standardised tobacco packaging is an intervention intended to reduce the promotional appeal of packs and can be defined as packaging with a uniform colour (and in some cases shape and size) with no logos or branding, apart from health warnings and other government-mandated information, and the brand name in a prescribed uniform font, colour and size. Australia was the first country to implement standardised tobacco packaging between October and December 2012, France implemented standardised tobacco packaging on 1 January 2017 and several other countries are implementing, or intending to implement, standardised tobacco packaging...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435842/is-individual-smoking-behaviour-influenced-by-area-level-ethnic-density-a-cross-sectional-electronic-health-database-study-of-inner-south-east-london
#20
Rohini Mathur, Peter Schofield, Dianna Smith, Alexander Gilkes, Patrick White, Sally Hull
Tobacco smoking remains one of the greatest public health problems facing the UK today. It varies significantly by ethnic group. This study aimed to determine whether ethnic differences in smoking behaviour are related to neighbourhood-level, own-group ethnic density across south and east London. The association between ethnic density and individual smoking behaviour was assessed by multilevel logistic regression using the electronic health records of 688 397 general practitioner-registered patients. Restricted cubic splines were created to explore whether the effect of ethnic density on smoking behaviour was nonlinear...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
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