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behavioural support smoking cessation

Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Katherine E Brown, Emily Anne Fulton, Ildiko Tombor, Felix Naughton
BACKGROUND: Behavioural support for smoking cessation in pregnancy can be effective; however, many pregnant women face barriers to seeking support to stop smoking. Some digital interventions have been found to be effective for smoking cessation in the general population and may be effective for supporting cessation in pregnancy due to their flexibility and the potential for personalisation. To date, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of digital interventions for smoking cessation in pregnancy...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Ashleigh Guillaumier, Billie Bonevski, Christine Paul, John Wiggers, John Germov, Dylan Mitchell, Diane Bunch
Issue addressed: Universities represent important settings for the implementation of public health initiatives such as smoke-free policies. The study aimed to assess staff and student attitudes towards policy enforcement and compliance as well as the acceptability of the provision of cessation support in this setting. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted following the introduction of a designated-areas partial smoke-free policy at two campuses of one Australian university in 2014. Staff (n=533) and students (n=3060) completed separate online surveys assessing attitudes towards smoke-free policy enforcement and compliance, and acceptability of university-provided cessation support...
November 18, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Michelle R vanDellen, Savannah M Boyd, Krista W Ranby, LeeAnn B Beam
OBJECTIVE: Potential support providers may rely on observable behaviours (e.g. resisting a cigarette vs. smoking) to determine how much and what kind of support to provide. We evaluated the effect of smokers' salient behaviour on partners' likelihood of providing positive and negative support. DESIGN: Partners of smokers (N = 131) were randomly assigned to recall a time when their partner either successfully resisted a cigarette, failed to resist a cigarette or a control condition (no recall)...
November 10, 2016: Psychology & Health
Nancy O'Neill, Omara Dogar, Mohammed Jawad, Ian Keller, Mona Kanaan, Kamran Siddiqi
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe smoking is addictive and harmful. The determinants of waterpipe smoking may differ from those of cigarette smoking; therefore, behavioural approaches to support quitting may also differ between these two tobacco products. While some evidence exists on effective behavioural change techniques (BCTs) to facilitate cigarette smoking cessation, there is little research on waterpipe smoking cessation. METHODS: Twenty-four experts were selected from the author lists of peer-reviewed, randomised controlled trials on waterpipe smoking cessation...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Sharon Lawn, Teri Lucas
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates for people with severe mental illness have remained high despite significant declines in smoking rates in the general population, particularly for residents of community supported residential facilities (SRFs) where smoking has been largely neglected and institutionalized. METHODS: Two studies undertaken 10 years apart (2000 and 2010) with SRFs in Adelaide, Australia looked at historical trends to determine whether any progress has been made to address smoking for this population...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nicola Lindson-Hawley, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Thomas R Fanshawe, Rachna Begh, Amanda Farley, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is currently the only guaranteed way to reduce the harm caused by tobacco smoking, a reasonable secondary tobacco control approach may be to try and reduce the harm from continued tobacco use amongst smokers unable or unwilling to quit. Possible approaches to reduce the exposure to toxins from smoking include reducing the amount of tobacco used, and using less toxic products, such as pharmaceutical, nicotine and potential reduced-exposure tobacco products (PREPs), as an alternative to cigarettes...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Heather Morgan, Elizabeth Treasure, Mo Tabib, Majella Johnston, Chris Dunkley, Deborah Ritchie, Sean Semple, Steve Turner
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking can cause health complications in pregnancy. Particulate matter (PM2.5) metrics applied to second hand smoke (SHS) concentrations provide indoor air quality (IAQ) measurements and have been used to promote smoking behaviour change among parents of young children. Here, we present the qualitative results from a study designed to use IAQ measurements to help pregnant women who smoke to quit smoking. METHODS: We used IAQ measurements in two centres (Aberdeen and Coventry) using two interventions: 1...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ildiko Tombor, Lion Shahab, Jamie Brown, David Crane, Susan Michie, Robert West
Pregnant smokers may benefit from digital smoking cessation interventions, but few have been designed for this population. The aim was to transparently report the development of a smartphone app designed to aid smoking cessation during pregnancy. The development of a smartphone app ('SmokeFree Baby') to help pregnant women stop smoking was guided by frameworks for developing complex interventions, including the Medical Research Council (MRC), Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) and Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW)...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Christine Paul, Flora Tzelepis, Alessandra Bisquera, Natasha Noble, John Wiggers
There is limited research about the patterns of multiple health risks among smokers, despite the associated increased risk of poor health. This study aimed to identify which risk behaviours were evident in a sample of smokers and ex-smokers who had previously been offered cessation support. A cross-sectional telephone interview in 2013 involved participants from New South Wales, Australia, from the control condition (self-help materials only) of a randomised smoking cessation trial conducted approximately five years earlier...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine
Emma Beard, Robert West, Susan Michie, Jamie Brown
OBJECTIVES:  To estimate how far changes in the prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in England have been associated with changes in quit success, quit attempts, and use of licensed medication and behavioural support in quit attempts. DESIGN:  Time series analysis of population trends. PARTICIPANTS:  Participants came from the Smoking Toolkit Study, which involves repeated, cross sectional household surveys of individuals aged 16 years and older in England...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Israel Berger, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is double the general population. Limited evidence suggests high smoking rates among intersex people. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people are a priority population in Australian health policy, particularly mental health and ageing. Despite associations between smoking and non-communicable diseases relevant to ageing and mental health, LGBTI-targeted smoking cessation interventions in Australia have been limited to people living with HIV...
August 31, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Matthijs Blankers, Renate Buisman, Petra Hopman, Ronald van Gool, Margriet van Laar
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use prevalence is elevated among people with mental illnesses, leading to elevated rates of premature smoking-related mortality. Opportunities to encourage smoking cessation among them are currently underused by mental health professionals. In this paper, we aim to explore mechanisms to invigorate professionals' intentions to help patients stop smoking. METHODS: Data stem from a recent staff survey on the provision of smoking cessation support to patients with mental illnesses in the Netherlands...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
Kylie Vuong, Oshana Hermiz, Husna Razee, Robyn Richmond, Nicholas Zwar
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand the experiences surrounding smoking cessation among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to improve the likely success of future smoking cessation programs. OBJECTIVE: To explore the personal experiences surrounding smoking cessation among general practice patients with COPD. METHODS: A purposive sample of 33 general practice patients with COPD, 28 ex-smokers and 5 smokers, participated in the semi-structured telephone interviews...
August 27, 2016: Family Practice
Vladyslav Kushnir, Beth A Sproule, Laurie Zawertailo, Peter Selby, Rachel F Tyndale, Scott T Leatherdale, John A Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Large-scale public health initiatives providing free nicotine replacement therapy have been shown to increase smoking cessation rates; however, their effectiveness among the highly prevalent population of smokers with depression and anxiety disorders has not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of lifetime history of depression or anxiety on smoking cessation success following the free distribution of nicotine patches. METHOD: In the context of a randomised controlled trial, a secondary analysis was conducted on 1000 adult regular smokers randomised to be mailed a 5-week supply of nicotine patches or to a no intervention control group...
August 19, 2016: Tobacco Control
Judy Li, Sarah Nelson, Rhiannon Newcombe, Darren Walton
AIM: Exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) poses serious health consequences to non-smokers, and normalises smoking. Currently, there is no legislation restricting smoking in private cars in New Zealand. This paper supplements previous New Zealand studies on exposure to SHS in cars by examining smokers and recent quitters' knowledge and behaviours towards smoking in cars, and their support for two possible smokefree cars policy options. METHOD: The New Zealand Smoking Monitor is a fortnightly survey that uses a self-refreshing panel approach...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Anne Oikarinen, Janne Engblom, Maria Kääriäinen, Helvi Kyngäs
INTRODUCTION: Since a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack is a major risk factor for a recurrent event, lifestyle counselling during the hospital phase is an essential component of treatment and may increase the probability of lifestyle change. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of risk factor-targeted lifestyle counselling intervention on working-age stroke patients' adherence to lifestyle changes. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group pretest-post-test design...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Helen Elsey, Sudeepa Khanal, Shraddha Manandhar, Dilip Sah, Sushil Chandra Baral, Kamran Siddiqi, James Nicholas Newell
BACKGROUND: By 2030, 80 % of the annual 8.3 million deaths attributable to tobacco will be in low-income countries (LICs). Yet, services to support people to quit tobacco are not part of routine primary care in LICs. This study explored the challenges to implementing a behavioural support (BS) intervention to promote tobacco cessation within primary care in Nepal. METHODS: The study used qualitative and quantitative methods within an action research approach in three primary health care centres (PHCCs) in two districts of Nepal...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Denny Z H Levett, Mark Edwards, Mike Grocott, Monty Mythen
The time between contemplation of surgery and the procedure offers a window of opportunity to optimize patients' nutritional, functional and psychological state prior to surgery. Traditionally, preoperative pathways have focused on the underlying disease process and 'fitness for surgery' with physical pre-assessment and risk counselling late in the pathway when little time is available to intervene. With an increasingly elderly and co-morbid surgical population, early physiological assessment and multidisciplinary collaborative decision-making is increasingly important...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
J Ong, I Plueckhahn, D Cruickshank, L Churilov, L Mileshkin
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients who quit smoking have improved survival rates. The time of diagnosis provides a 'teachable moment' when healthcare providers can offer smoking-cessation treatment. AIMS: To assess the impact on quit rates of a tailored smoking-cessation intervention for patients diagnosed with a potentially curable cancer. METHODS: A prospective, one-arm cohort study of current smokers and recent quitters (<30 days) who had commenced treatment for a potentially curable cancer was performed...
September 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Ratna Sohanpal, Carol Rivas, Liz Steed, Virginia MacNeill, Valerie Kuan, Elizabeth Edwards, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVES: To understand views of pharmacy advisers about smoker recruitment and retention in the National Health Service community pharmacy stop smoking programme. DESIGN: Thematic framework analysis of semistructured, in-depth interviews applying the Theoretical Domains Framework and COM-B behaviour change model. We aimed to identify aspects of adviser behaviour that might be modified to increase numbers joining and completing the programme. PARTICIPANTS: 25 stop smoking advisers (13 pharmacists and 12 support staff)...
2016: BMJ Open
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