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Parkinson disease rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101620/-home-based-telerehabilitation-after-stroke
#1
M Keidel, F Vauth, J Richter, B Hoffmann, H Soda, B Griewing, M Scibor
The use of modern information and telecommunication technologies enables telerehabilitation of neurological deficits in the domestic environment. The current state of studies on rehabilitative teletherapy for improvement of motor function and mobility deficits due to stroke is reviewed. Two neurolinguistic proof of concept studies investigating the efficacy of online interactive telespeech therapy are reported, which compared virtual screen to screen interactive telerehabilitation of aphasia after stroke and dysarthrophonia in Parkinson's disease to conventional face to face rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088377/intracapsular-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly-do-we-know-what-is-important
#2
Diana Crego-Vita, Coral Sanchez-Perez, Jose Adolfo Orellana Gomez-Rico, Celia Clemente de Arriba
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are a common reason for admission to the department of orthopaedic surgery, this condition asks an important part of health resources and is associated with high levels of co-morbidity and mortality. Many improvements have been introduced in the treatment of these patients, preoperative regional analgesia, intensive physical therapy, interdisciplinary care program; but still remain unresolved gaps. The aim of this study is to document the natural history of early versus delayed surgical intervention in elderly patients with hip fractures and to establish the prognostic factors of mortality and walking ability after discharge...
January 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068393/facial-emotion-recognition-and-expression-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-emotional-mirror-mechanism
#3
Lucia Ricciardi, Federica Visco-Comandini, Roberto Erro, Francesca Morgante, Matteo Bologna, Alfonso Fasano, Diego Ricciardi, Mark J Edwards, James Kilner
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have impairment of facial expressivity (hypomimia) and difficulties in interpreting the emotional facial expressions produced by others, especially for aversive emotions. We aimed to evaluate the ability to produce facial emotional expressions and to recognize facial emotional expressions produced by others in a group of PD patients and a group of healthy participants in order to explore the relationship between these two abilities and any differences between the two groups of participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040344/-other-care-in-parkinson-s-disease-psychological-rehabilitation-therapeutic-education-and-new-technologies
#4
Julia Dupouy, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Christine Brefel-Courbon
Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is often traumatic. It is then important to organize this announcement in order to support the patient in this major step of his care course. Anxiety and depression are present in about 50% of PD patients. Besides pharmacological treatment, cognitive-behavioral therapy induces improvement in anxio-depressive symptoms. We have to promote physical activity for PD patients, from the beginning of the disease, because it prevents from deconditioning, improves motor and non-motor symptoms, quality of life, and decreases loneliness...
December 28, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018198/time-processing-and-motor-control-in-movement-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Laura Avanzino, Elisa Pelosin, Carmelo M Vicario, Giovanna Lagravinese, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Davide Martino
The subjective representation of "time" is critical for cognitive tasks but also for several motor activities. The neural network supporting motor timing comprises: lateral cerebellum, basal ganglia, sensorimotor and prefrontal cortical areas. Basal ganglia and associated cortical areas act as a hypothetical "internal clock" that beats the rhythm when the movement is internally generated. When timing information is processed to make predictions on the outcome of a subjective or externally perceived motor act, cerebellar processing and outflow pathways appear to be primarily involved...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000926/virtual-reality-for-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Kim Dockx, Esther Mj Bekkers, Veerle Van den Bergh, Pieter Ginis, Lynn Rochester, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman, Alice Nieuwboer
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is best managed by a combination of medication and regular physiotherapy. In this context, virtual reality (VR) technology is proposed as a new rehabilitation tool with a possible added value over traditional physiotherapy approaches. It potentially optimises motor learning in a safe environment, and by replicating real-life scenarios could help improve functional activities of daily living. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to summarise the current best evidence for the effectiveness of VR interventions for the rehabilitation of people with PD in comparison with 1) active interventions, and 2) passive interventions...
December 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993586/imposed-faster-and-slower-walking-speeds-influence-gait-stability-differently-in-parkinson-fallers
#7
Michael H Cole, Matthew Sweeney, Zachary J Conway, Tim Blackmore, Peter A Silburn
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study sought to evaluate the effect of imposed faster and slower walking speeds on postural stability in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study; SETTING: General community PARTICIPANTS: 84 PD patients (51 with a falls history; 33 without) and 82 age-matched controls were invited to participate via neurology clinics and pre-existing databases. Of those contacted, 99 did not respond (PD=36; controls=63) and 27 were not interested (PD=18; controls=9)...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992350/alignment-free-self-calibrating-elbow-angles-measurement-using-inertial-sensors
#8
Philipp Muller, Marc-Andre Begin, Thomas Schauer, Thomas Seel
Due to their relative ease of handling and low cost, inertial measurement unit (IMU)-based joint angle measurements are used for a widespread range of applications. These include sports performance, gait analysis and rehabilitation (e.g. Parkinson's disease monitoring or post-stroke assessment). However, a major downside of current algorithms, recomposing human kinematics from IMU data, is that they require calibration motions and/or the careful alignment of the IMUs with respect to the body segments. In this article, we propose a new method, which is alignment-free and self-calibrating using arbitrary movements of the user and an initial zero reference arm pose...
December 14, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977464/clinical-utility-of-the-6-min-walk-test-for-patients-with-moderate-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Eiji Kobayashi, Nobuaki Himuro, Mitsuhiko Takahashi
The aim of this study was to test the clinical utility of the 6-min walk test (6MWT) for patients with moderate Parkinson's disease (PD) through a determination of factors related to this test. This was a descriptive, observational study carried out at a General Hospital, in-patients. Twenty-four patients with moderate PD were studied. We used Hoehn and Yahr stage ratings (HY stage), Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scales (UPDRS) motor examination score, 6MWT, Berg Balance scale, Timed 'Up & Go' test (TUG), 10-m walk test (10-m walk speed, 10-m walk steps and cadence), and the energy cost of walking (Ec)...
December 13, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965005/wearable-sensor-based-biofeedback-training-for-balance-and-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ilaria Carpinella, Davide Cattaneo, Gianluca Bonora, Thomas Bowman, Laura Martina, Angelo Montesano, Maurizio Ferrarin
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the feasibility and efficacy of a novel system (Gamepad) for biofeedback rehabilitation in Parkinson's Disease (PD). It is hypothesized that Gamepad-based training is feasible and provides larger improvements of balance and gait, compared to physiotherapy without biofeedback. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Clinical rehabilitation gym. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two PD subjects randomized into Experimental (EG) and Control Group (CG)...
December 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922660/combined-vision-and-wearable-sensors-based-system-for-movement-analysis-in-rehabilitation
#11
Sofija Spasojević, Tihomir V Ilić, Slađan Milanović, Veljko Potkonjak, Aleksandar Rodić, José Santos-Victor
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitation sessions are often a slow, tedious, disempowering and non-motivational process, supported by clinical assessment tools, i.e. evaluation scales that are prone to subjective rating and imprecise interpretation of patient's performance. Poor patient motivation and insufficient accuracy are thus critical factors that can be improved by new sensing / processing technologies. OBJECTIVES: We aim to develop a portable and affordable system, suitable for home rehabilitation, which combines vision-based and wearable sensors...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914023/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-translation-of-berg-balance-scale-in-parkinson-disease
#12
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Hosein Mohammadi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Seyed Amir Hasan Habibi, Bijan Forogh, Tannaz Ahadi, Bina Eftekharsadat
PURPOSE: Parkinson disease (PD) is one of the common causes of imbalance, and the balance assessment is necessary for treatment and rehabilitation of these patients. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) has been the main instrument used to evaluate balance impairment. The purpose of this study is to investigate reliability and validity of the Persian translation of BBS in Parkinson disease. METHODS: One hundred PD patients (with mean age of 56.8 ± 15.13 years) were included...
December 2, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911071/severe-brain-injury-in-massachusetts-assessing-the-continuum-of-care
#13
Laura Lorenz, Gabrielle Katz
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor. Advances in emergency medical care and neurosurgery mean that more people are surviving severe traumatic brain injury (Trexler et al, 2014). Yet many patients with severe TBI in particular, are not receiving inpatient services after initial treatment (Hackman et al, 2014; CDC, 2014) or later that are known to be effective (Malec & Kean, 2015; Lewis & Horn, 2015; BI Commission, 2011; Kolakowsky-Hayner et al, 2000; Interviews)...
December 10, 2015: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893565/first-person-perspective-action-observation-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-consideration-of-concept-controlled-pilot-trial
#14
Giovanni Giorgi, Francesco Ferrarello, Francesca Merlo, Stefano Fumagalli, Niccolò Marchionni, Mauro Di Bari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Action observation training (AOT) consists of the observing of actions performed by others, followed by imitation. Physical therapy techniques based on action observation may influence motor performance in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to provide a preliminary approach to assess AOT in anatomical first-person perspective (FPP) as a rehabilitation technique to improve body function and activity in individuals with disability due to IPD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891159/effects-of-health-qigong-exercises-on-relieving-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Xiao Lei Liu, Shihui Chen, Yongtai Wang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Health Qigong on the treatment and releasing symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Fifty-four moderate PD patients (N = 54) were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Twenty-eight PD patients were placed in the experimental group in which the prescribed medication plus Health Qigong exercise will be used as intervention. The other 26 PD patients as the control group were treated only with regular medication. Ten-week intervention had been conducted for the study, and participants completed the scheduled exercises 5 times per week for 60 minutes each time (10 minutes for warm-up, 40 minutes for the exercise, and 10 minutes for cooldown)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888696/underwater-gait-analysis-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Daniele Volpe, Davide Pavan, Meg Morris, Annamaria Guiotto, Robert Iansek, Sofia Fortuna, Giuseppe Frazzitta, Zimi Sawacha
Although hydrotherapy is one of the physical therapies adopted to optimize gait rehabilitation in people with Parkinson disease, the quantitative measurement of gait-related outcomes has not been provided yet. This work aims to document the gait improvements in a group of parkinsonians after a hydrotherapy program through 2D and 3D underwater and on land gait analysis. Thirty-four parkinsonians and twenty-two controls were enrolled, divided into two different cohorts. In the first one, 2 groups of patients underwent underwater or land based walking training; controls underwent underwater walking training...
November 10, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879960/effectiveness-of-music-based-interventions-on-motricity-or-cognitive-functioning-in-neurological-populations-a-systematic-review
#17
Lousin Moumdjian, Teppo Sarkamo, Carmela Leone, Marc Leman, Peter Feys
INTRODUCTION: Motor and cognitive symptoms are frequent in persons with neurological disorders and often require extensive long-term rehabilitation. Recently, a variety of musicbased interventions have been introduced into neurological rehabilitation as training tools. AIM: This review aims to a) describe and define music-based intervention modalities and content which are applied in experimental studies, and b) describe the effects of these interventions on motor and/or cognitive symptoms in the neurological population...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865800/action-observation-and-motor-imagery-for-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-an-integrative-hypothesis
#18
REVIEW
Daniele Caligiore, Magda Mustile, Gianfranco Spalletta, Gianluca Baldassarre
This article discusses recent evidence supporting the use of action observation therapy and motor imagery practice for rehabilitation of Parkinson's disease. A main question that emerges from the review regards the different effectiveness of these approaches and the possibility of integrating them into a single method to enhance motor behaviour in subjects with Parkinson's disease. In particular, the reviewed studies suggest that action observation therapy can have a positive effect on motor facilitation of patients and that a long-term rehabilitation program based on action observation therapy or motor imagery practice can bring some benefit on their motor recovery...
January 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814308/dance-therapy-improves-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Edoardo Rosario de Natale, Kai Stephan Paulus, Elena Aiello, Battistina Sanna, Andrea Manca, Giovanni Sotgiu, Paolo Tranquilli Leali, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Dance Therapy (DT) and Traditional Rehabilitation (TR) on both motor and cognitive domains in Parkinson's Disease patients (PD) with postural instability. METHODS: Sixteen PD patients with recent history of falls were divided in two groups (Dance Therapy, DT and Traditional Rehabilitation, TR); nine patients received 1-hour DT classes twice per week, completing 20 lessons within 10 weeks; seven patients received a similar cycle of 20 group sessions of 60 minutes TR...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788635/music-therapy-interventions-in-parkinson-s-disease-the-state-of-the-art
#20
(no author information available yet)
This review paper summarises the evidence to support the use of music in rehabilitation interventions for people with Parkinson's disease (PD).
October 28, 2016: Nursing Older People
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