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subacute intestinal obstruction

Saurabh Gandhi, Eham Arora, Ajay Bhandarwar, Arun Patil, Amol Wagh, Shubham Gupta
Bezoars are intra-luminal concretions of ingested material which accumulate within the bowel. They are termed pharmacobezoars when the constituent material is drugs. We report a 64-year-old female with abdominal pain and obstipation for 3 days. Patient had completed anti-tuberculous combination therapy for suspected abdominal tuberculosis 25 years ago. She exhibited features of shock with a right iliac fossa lump. Abdominal X-ray displayed multiple air-fluid levels with densely cluttered radio-opacities in the right lower quadrant...
April 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Ahamodur Choudhury, Abdul Rahyead, Jochen Kammermeier, Mohamed Mutalib
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare disorder that affects the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. It results in acute or subacute intestinal obstruction symptoms in the absence of mechanical lesion. It can lead to intestinal failure in children with significant strain on nutrition, growth, and development. There is no universally agreed protocol for management of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in children, and there is wide variation in clinical practice.
April 2018: Pediatrics
Aneesh Suresh, Sakthivel Chinnakkulam Kandhasamy, Ashok Kumar Sahoo, Anandhi Amaranathan, N R Vishnu Prasad
Obturator hernia is an extremely rare type of abdominal wall hernia occurring mostly in elderly, thin females. It is characterized by the herniation of intra-abdominal contents through the obturator foramen. Symptoms are often nonspecific, and the patient usually presents with an acute or subacute intestinal obstruction. A high index of suspicion is needed in such females presenting with abdominal distention and positive Howship-Romberg signs. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis are often necessary to arrive at a diagnosis, and immediate surgical intervention is recommended...
January 29, 2018: Curēus
Ibtihal Siddiq Abdelgadir, Fawzia Elgharbawy, Khalil Mohamad Salameh, Baha Eldin Juma
Antenatal Bartter syndrome is a rare condition that can present with different clinical features. These features include early onset maternal polyhydramnios, failure to thrive, prematurity and nephrocalcinosis.We are presenting this 20-day-old girl who had an antenatal history of polyhydramnios. She developed persistent non-bilious vomiting that was associated with constipation soon after birth. She presented with failure to thrive and features suggestive of intestinal obstruction. On the initial evaluation, she was noted to have hypokalaemic, hyponatraemic metabolic alkalosis...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Arif Maqsood Ali, Muhammad Noorulamin, Shazia Arif
Shewanella is Gram-negative motile bacillus, non fermentative and facultative anaerobe. Its natural habitat is all forms of water and soil, but has also been isolated from fish, dairy products, oils, and carcasses. Often found with microflora of the marine environment. Bacterial infections with Shewanella spp. are rare. The exposure to the marine environment, sea and diary food are considered as a risk factor for Shewanella spp. infection. Clinical infections seen are otitis, soft tissue infection, bacteremia, ear infection, eye infection, infective arthritis, osteomyelitis, infective endocarditis and peritonitis...
2017: IDCases
Mairéad McNally, Ion Cretu
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a common cause of intestinal injury. A variety of NSAID-induced injuries may occur including ulcers, erosions, colitis, strictures, and diaphragm disease. Diaphragm disease refers to the development of multiple thin, concentric, stenosing strictures in the intestine. Strictures occur most often in the midintestine and are thought to be pathognomonic of NSAID damage. They can lead to intermittent or complete bowel obstruction. Diagnosis may be elusive as there is nothing specific about NSAID-induced injury at endoscopy and histology is also nonspecific...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
Subramanian Kalaivani Selvi, B H Srinivas, Bhawana Ashok Badhe, Kadambari Dharanipragada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
V S Kappikeri, Akshay Mahesh Kriplani
INTRODUCTION: Enteroliths are an uncommon entity in humans and form a rare cause of subacute intestinal obstruction. They occur proximal to stricture or in a diverticulum or a blind loop due to stasis. CASE DESCRIPTION: 40 years male presenting with intermittent right lower abdominal pain since 1 year. Barium meal follow-through and CT abdomen diagnosed as a case of subacute intestinal obstruction with an enterolith in the distal ileal segment. On exploratory laparotomy multiple ileal strictures with mesenteric adhesions were noted...
2016: SpringerPlus
Mei Chin Lim, Niketa Chandrakant Chotai, Danilo Medina Giron
We present a case of a previously healthy 50-year-old gentleman who had recurrent vomiting and abdominal pain of two-month duration. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with abdominal cocoon on computed tomography. Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, also known as abdominal cocoon, is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction. Visualization of variable encasement of the small bowel loops by a characteristic membranous sac, either preoperatively with cross-sectional imaging or intraoperatively, is the key to diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Amarjit Kaur, Naveen Chandrashekhar Pawar, Sonam Singla, Jaswinder Kaur Mohi, Shivani Sharma
Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) syndrome is one of the rare cause of proximal small bowel obstruction wherein, the third part of the duodenum is compressed between the SMA at its origin and abdominal aorta due to decreased angulations in these two vessels. This decreased angulation exerts a compression effect on third part of the duodenum, resulting in duodenal obstruction which may be complete or partial. There are number of causes which can lead to this entity and will be discussed briefly. Here we report imaging findings of such a rare cause of proximal small bowel obstruction in a young male patient who presented to the emergency surgical department with non specific symptoms of pain abdomen and abdominal fullness...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Yifan Wang, Stephen Gowing, Goffredo Arena
INTRODUCTION: Intussusception refers to the telescoping of a segment of bowel into the lumen of an adjacent segment. While pediatric intussusception is common and generally idiopathic, adult intussusception is exceedingly rare and is usually attributable to a pathologic lead point. PRESENTATION OF CASE: 37-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain, and was preoperatively diagnosed with a colo-colonic intussusception. Intraoperatively, the lead point was found to be congenital bands, and there was no evidence of underlying malignancy...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hafez Mohammad Ammar Abdullah, Muhammad Asim Shahzad, Sajjad Ullah, Waqas Ullah
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare peritoneal condition characterised by a firm and thick membrane that encases a part of or the whole of the small intestine. It can be idiopathic or secondary to a variety of conditions. It usually presents as an acute or subacute small bowel obstruction, however, the presentation can vary. It may be diagnosed by radiology, although definitive diagnosis is by laparoscopy or laparotomy. It is treated by excision of the covering membrane. We report a case of a teenaged girl who presented with abdominal pain and a palpable mass in the right iliac fossa...
May 9, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Gaurav V Kulkarni, Hrishikesh P Salgaonkar, Pradeep Chandra Sharma, Nippun R Chakkarvarty, Avinash N Katara, Deepraj S Bhandarkar
Internal hernia is the cause of only 1% of intestinal obstructions, and left paraduodenal hernias (PDH) comprise about 50% of these cases. As the presentation of PDH is varied, diagnosis is often delayed. Here, we report two patients with left PDH presenting in a subacute manner and diagnosed rapidly with the help of a CT scan. Both underwent successful laparoscopic repair; one patient had closure of the defect, and the other required excision of the sac prior to the closure. We review 21 cases of left PDH treated laparoscopically that were previously reported in the literature, including 14 from Asian countries...
May 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
R K M D C D Ranaweera, S M K Gamage, D H B Ubayawansa, M M J Kumara
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is invagination of a proximal segment of bowel into the distal segment in telescopic manner. Although intussusception is common among children, intussusception secondary to terminal ileal endometriosis in an adult is a very rare encounter. We present such a case of intussusception in a Sri Lankan female. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43 year old Sri Lankan female presented to the surgical casualty unit with features of a subacute intestinal obstruction...
April 26, 2016: BMC Research Notes
A-W N Meshikhes
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragm disease is a rare consequence of small-bowel enteropathy, and usually occurs as a result of longstanding ingestion of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. DD is characterized by multiple strictures and saccular dilatations leading to symptoms of subacute intestinal obstruction. Often, the diagnosis is made on histological examination after laparotomy and resection of diseased small bowel. CASE HISTORY: Here, we report a case of an elderly female who suffered for many years from chronic, colicky abdominal pain and anaemia due to undiagnosed diaphragm disease...
May 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
S Akbulut, Y Yagmur, S Bakir, N Sogutcu, D Yilmaz, A Senol, M V Bahadir
PURPOSE: This paper provides an overview of the literature on appendicular tuberculosis (ATB) between 1909 and 2010. METHODS: We present two cases of primary ATB and a literature review of studies on ATB published in English and accessed via the Pubmed and Google Scholar databases. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-five published cases of ATB were reviewed, and two patients with primary ATB, treated and followed in our clinic, were reported. The age range of the patients (62 females, 60 males and 33 with unnoted gender) was between 2 and 60 years, with a mean age of 27...
December 2010: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
J M L Williamson, M Stevens, D Mahon
A mixed Müllerian mesodermal tumour (MMMT) is a rare aggressive carcinosarcoma. Metastatic progression is uncommon, and occurs via haematological, lymphatic and intraperitoneal spread. Although the latter is seen most frequently, the small intestine seems to be relatively preserved from disease progression with only one reported case of synchronous involvement. We report a case of metachronous MMMT involvement of the small bowel presenting with subacute obstruction that was successfully resected at operation...
February 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Govind Yadav, Sabir Husain, Ram Shukla, Rakesh Patidar, Rohtash Luthra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Willy Arung, Nathalie Dinganga, Emmanuel Ngoie, Etienne Odimba, Olivier Detry
For many reasons, laparoscopic surgery has been performed worldwide. Due to logistical constraints its first steps occurred in Lubumbashi only in 2008. The aim of this presentation was to report authors' ten-month experience of laparoscopic surgery at Lubumbashi Don Bosco Missionary Hospital (LDBMH): problems encountered and preliminary results. The study was a transsectional descriptive work with a convenient sampling. It only took in account patients with abdominal surgical condition who consented to undergo laparoscopic surgery and when logistical constraints of the procedure were found...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
Ranjan Premaratna, Mindu S Weerasinghe, Nuwan P Premawardana, H Janaka de Silva
BACKGROUND: Gloriosa superba (GSb) is a highly poisonous plant and its toxicity is due to anti-mitotic effects of constituents such as colchicine and gloriosine on rapidly proliferating cells. Poisoning is known to cause very rapid and severe clinical manifestations due gastro intestinal, neurological, cardiac and bone marrow toxicity. CASE PRESENTATION: A young male presented with an acute onset febrile illness associated with diarrhoea, confusion, haematuria and aggressive behavior of 4 days duration...
2015: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
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