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neonate, septicemia, antibiotics

Vijaya Shivanna, S R Sunkappa, D Venkatesha
Neonatal septicemia is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Hence, the present study was undertaken to isolate the bacteria causing neonatal sepsis and determine their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. Fifty neonates suspected to have septicemia were screened for 2 months (July and August 2014). Out of 50 specimen, 15 (30%) were blood culture positive. Coagulase-negative staphylococci was the most common isolate (10, 66.6%), with 60% (6 isolates) methicillin resistance. In view of the increasing antibiotic resistance, periodic surveillance should be conducted to control the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Claudia Reinheimer, Volkhard A J Kempf, Boris E Wittekindt, Antje Allendorf, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Michael Hogardt, Rolf L Schlößer, Doris Fischer
BACKGROUND: Infections by group B streptococci (GBS), e.g. Streptococcus agalactiae, presenting as early-onset disease (EOD) or late-onset disease (LOD), are leading causes of severe infections in newborn and premature patients. Although screening and intra partum antibiotic prophylaxis are frequently performed, vertically transmitted GBS remain a challenge for pediatrics. AIMS: In order to prevent or reduce potential life-threatening events, this study retrospectively investigated epidemiological, microbiological and clinical aspects of infants admitted to the Division of Neonatology at the Department of Pediatrics at the University Hospital Frankfurt, Germany (UHF)...
July 29, 2016: Early Human Development
Adugna Negussie, Gebru Mulugeta, Ahmed Bedru, Ibrahim Ali, Damte Shimeles, Tsehaynesh Lema, Abraham Aseffa
BACKGROUND: Blood stream infections are major cause of morbidity and mortality in children in developing countries. The emerging of causative agents and resistance to various antimicrobial agents are increased from time to time. The main aim of this study was to determine the bacterial agents and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among children suspected of having septicemia. METHODS: A cross sectional study involved about 201 pediatric patients (≤ 12 years) was conducted from October 2011 to February 2012 at pediatric units of TikurAnbessa Specialized Hospital and Yekatit 12 Hospital...
November 2015: International Journal of Biological and Medical Research
Sehwa Jung, Kyung Uk Jeong, Jang Hoon Lee, Jo Won Jung, Moon Sung Park
Survival rates of preterm infants have improved in the past few decades, and central venous catheters play an important role in the intensive medical treatment of these neonates. Unfortunately, these indwelling catheters increase the risk of intracardiac thrombosis, and they provide a nidus for microorganisms during the course of septicemia. Herein, we report a case of persistent bacteremia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant, along with vegetation observed on an echocardiogram, the findings which are compatible with a diagnosis of endocarditis...
February 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Qingqing Jie, Su Lin, Hao Zhang, Yingying Hu, Xiangrong Huang, Si Chen, Shangqin Chen, Zhenlang Lin
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics, antibiotics sensitivity, outcome and risk factors of neonatal septicemia caused by Candida haemulonii. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical characteristics and antibiotics sensitivity after 8 cases of neonatal septicemia caused by Candida haemulonii were identified; each of these patients had at least one positive result of bacterial culture for Candida haemulonii. RESULT: The 8 cases born at gestational age of 178-260 d, weighing 835-2 055 g, developed the infection from May to July at 10-34 d after hospitalization...
March 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
S Thakur, K Thakur, A Sood, S Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: There is not much published literature on neonatal septicemia available for the Sub-Himalayan region of North India. Hence, we undertook this study to find out the bacteriological profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of neonatal septicemia in the neonatal Intensive Care Unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood cultures were performed for all clinically suspected neonatal septicemia cases for 1-year. Identification of all pathogenic isolates was followed by antibiotic sensitivity testing...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Shamshul Ansari, Hari Prasad Nepal, Rajendra Gautam, Sony Shrestha, Puja Neopane, Moti Lal Chapagain
Introduction. Neonatal septicemia is defined as infection in the first 28 days of life. Early-onset neonatal septicemia and late-onset neonatal septicemia are defined as illnesses appearing from birth to three days and from four to twenty-eight days postnatally, respectively. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, blood samples from the suspected infants were collected and processed in the bacteriology laboratory. The growth was identified by standard microbiological protocol and the antibiotic sensitivity testing was carried out by modified Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method...
2015: International Journal of Pediatrics
Miguel Angel Ariza-Prota, Ana Pando-Sandoval, Marta García-Clemente, Ramón Fernández, Pere Casan
Citrobacter species, belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae, are environmental organisms commonly found in soil, water, and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. Citrobacter koseri is known to be an uncommon but serious cause of both sporadic and epidemic septicemia and meningitis in neonates and young infants. Most cases reported have occurred in immunocompromised hosts. The infections caused by Citrobacter are difficult to treat with usual broad spectrum antibiotics owing to rapid generation of mutants and have been associated with high death rates in the past...
2015: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Rahul Gopichand Wadile, Viraj Madhusudan Bhate
CONTEXT: Candida colonization in neonates results in significant morbidity and mortality. The prevalence and clinical significance of neonatal candidemia are poorly understood. AIMS: This study aimed to study clinical spectrum and risk factors of neonatal candidemia. SETTINGS AND METHODS: 108 cases of septicemia were studied. Blood samples were collected into Glucose broth and Bile broth, which are inoculated on Blood agar and MacConkey's agar and incubated at 37° C for 7 days...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Liz Mary Paul, Ashwini Hegde, Tanvi Pai, Subodh Shetty, Shrikala Baliga, Suchitra Shenoy
OBJECTIVES: To identify the source of infection, to study the clinical profile and outcomes of neonates with Burkholderia septicemia and to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolates. METHODS: The authors describe a 3 mo outbreak of nosocomial Burkholderia cepacia bacteremia involving 12 neonates. During the outbreak, ventilator humidifier water, intravenous solutions and other possible sources were taken from the concerned neonatal intensive care units (NICUs); cultured and isolates identified by standard microbiological techniques and VITEK system...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Dharmendra Kumar Soni, Durg Vijai Singh, Suresh Kumar Dubey
Listeria monocytogenes, a life-threatening pathogen, poses severe risk during pregnancy, may cause abortion, fetal death or neonatal morbidity in terms of septicemia and meningitis. The present study aimed at characterizing L. monocytogenes isolated from pregnant women based on serotyping, antibiotic susceptibility, virulence genes, in vivo pathogenicity test and ERIC- and REP-PCR fingerprint analyses. The results revealed that out of 3700 human clinical samples, a total of 30 (0.81%) isolates [12 (0.80%) from placental bit (1500), 18 (0...
September 2015: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
V Dhanalakshmi, E Suguna Sivakumar
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the pathogenic bacteria in neo-natal septicemia by using various diagnostic techniques. SETTING AND DESIGN: Our study was designed to evaluate a feasible method to diagnose neonatal septicemia even at primary health centre level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected aseptically from 70 neonates. The specimens were inoculated into brain heart infusion broth and subcultures were performed with specific media...
March 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jinhui Li, Jinlin Wu, Lizhong Du, Yong Hu, Xiaoyan Yang, Dezhi Mu, Bin Xia
UNLABELLED: The purpose of this study is to determine the outcome and infection-related events in neonates with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) managed with an antibiotic initiation strategy. An ambispective cohort study was carried out to compare two different antibiotic strategies in of TTN patients. The first strategy is based on clinical risk evaluation, in which antibiotics are initiated according to clinical signs, while the other is a combined strategy that integrates information regarding clinical signs, perinatal risk factors, and lab-based surveillance of infectious indicators...
September 2015: European Journal of Pediatrics
Sarah Collins, David J Litt, Sally Flynn, Mary E Ramsay, Mary P E Slack, Shamez N Ladhani
BACKGROUND: Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) frequently causes noninvasive upper respiratory tract infections in children but can cause invasive disease, mainly in older adults. An increased burden of invasive NTHi disease in the perinatal period has been reported by a number of studies. Here we describe the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcome of neonatal invasive H. influenzae disease in England and Wales over a 5-year period. METHODS: Public Health England conducts enhanced national surveillance of invasive H...
June 15, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Jung-Weon Park, So-Hee Eun, Eui-Chong Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Yun-Kyung Kim
Group D streptococci are known to cause newborn septicemia and meningitis, but the Streptococcus bovis group strains rarely cause serious neonatal infections in Korea. Central nervous system (CNS) complications of neonatal S. bovis group infection have rarely been reported. In adults, S. bovis group strains cause bacteremia and endocarditis, and are associated with gastrointestinal malignancy. However, only a few studies have reported meningitis and septicemia in infants. Here, we describe a case of bacteremia and meningitis due to Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp...
January 2015: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Joris R Delanghe, Marijn M Speeckaert
As neonatal sepsis is a severe condition, there is a call for reliable biomarkers to differentiate between infected and noninfected newborns. Although blood culture has been considered as the gold standard, this analysis is still too slow and limited by false negative results. Use of CRP is hampered by a physiological 3-day increase, resulting in a low sensitivity to detect sepsis at an early stage. A moderate diagnostic accuracy of other acute phase proteins has been demonstrated (serum amyloid A, procalcitonin, lipopolysaccharide binding protein, mannose binding lectin and hepcidin)...
December 7, 2015: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Hortensia Sanchez-Tocino, M Rosa Sanabria, Jaume Catala-Mora, Ignasi Jürgens, Carmen Gonzalez-Armengod, M Fernanda Omaña-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Bacterial eye infections are rare in the neonatal population and usually come from exogenous spread. Eye infection due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, although uncommon, may be a devastating disease, especially in premature infants. METHODS: Retrospective review of the clinical chart of a 10-day-old newborn baby with bilateral endogenous Pseudomonas aeruginosa endophthalmitis. RESULTS: The patient presented with leukokoria in both eyes 7 days after the onset of severe septicemia due to endophthalmitis in both eyes...
2008: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Sandesh Guleria, Jyoti Sharma, Sanjeev Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Retroaortic left renal vein, is a rare congenital anomaly. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 14-day-old male neonate with retrocrortic left renal vein with posterior nutcracker phenomenon resulting in renal congestion. OBSERVATION: He developed septicemia, renal abscess and thrombosis of abdominal aorta. OUTCOME: Improvement on antibiotics and heparin. MESSAGE: Retroaortic left renal vein can cause life threatening complications...
September 2014: Indian Pediatrics
C L Liu, H W Ai, W P Wang, L Chen, H B Hu, T Ye, X H Zhu, F Wang, Y L Liao, Y Wang, G Ou, L Xu, M Sun, C Jian, Z J Chen, L Li, B Zhang, L Tian, B Wang, S Yan, Z Y Sun
UNLABELLED: Septicemia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among newborns in the developing world. However, accurate clinical diagnosis of neonatal sepsis is often difficult because symptoms and signs are often nonspecific. Blood culture has been the gold standard for confirmation of the diagnosis. However, the sensitivity is low and results are usually not promptly obtained. Therefore, the diagnosis of sepsis is often based on clinical signs in association with laboratory tests such as platelets count, immature/total neutrophils ratio (I/T), and a rise in C-reactive protein (CRP)...
February 2014: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
A A Al-Harthi, K A Dagriri, A A Asindi, C S Bello
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalent bacterial agents of neonatal meningitis and their antibiotic susceptibility in a referral intensive care unit in Assir Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia, during the years 1993-1998. METHODS: Records of newborn infants with positive cerebrospinal fluid culture during the period were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: There were 1473 nursery admissions, of which 32 episodes of meningitis occurred amongst 31 neonates...
July 2000: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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