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traditional chinese medicine principles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724463/china-s-national-health-guiding-principles-a-perspective-worthy-of-healthcare-reform
#1
Ping Zhang, Yuan Liang
For countries faced with much talk but little action on healthcare reform, China's National Health Guiding Principles (CNHGP), with its 60-year history, may provide a new perspective. There are four values of CNHGP for healthcare reform. First, these principles provide an innovative strategic framework for healthcare reform with three levels, from 'One priority population' to 'Four approaches' and then to 'Two aims.' The second is the importance of mass/grassroots participation, which runs through all three levels of CNHGP...
July 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698154/panax-ginseng-and-panax-quinquefolius-from-pharmacology-to-toxicology
#2
REVIEW
Cesare Mancuso, Rosaria Santangelo
The use of Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefolius in traditional Chinese medicine dates back to about 5000 years ago thanks to its several beneficial and healing properties. Over the past few years, extensive preclinical and clinical evidence in the scientific literature worldwide has supported the beneficial effects of P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius in significant central nervous system, metabolic, infectious and neoplastic diseases. There has been growing research on ginseng because of its favorable pharmacokinetics, including the intestinal biotransformation which is responsible for the processing of ginsenosides - contained in the roots or extracts of ginseng - into metabolites with high pharmacological activity and how such principles act on numerous cell targets...
July 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670279/innovating-chinese-herbal-medicine-from-traditional-health-practice-to-scientific-drug-discovery
#3
Shuo Gu, Jianfeng Pei
As one of the major contemporary alternative medicines, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) continues its influence in Chinese communities and has begun to attract the academic attention in the world of western medicine. This paper aims to examine Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), the essential branch of TCM, from both narrative and scientific perspectives. CHM is a traditional health practice originated from Chinese philosophy and religion, holding the belief of holism and balance in the body. With the development of orthodox medicine and science during the last centuries, CHM also seized the opportunity to change from traditional health practice to scientific drug discovery illustrated in the famous story of the herb-derived drug artemisinin...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652014/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-man-pen-fang-a-chinese-herbal-compound-on-chronic-pelvic-inflammation-in-rats
#4
Li-Jun Zhang, Jian-Yong Zhu, Meng-Yao Sun, Ya-Nan Song, Khalid Rahman, Cheng Peng, Miao Zhang, Yu-Mei Ye, Hong Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has become the focus of research for the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (CPID) based on unique medical theory system. Man-Pen-Fang (MPF), a Chinese herbal compound, which is composed of Thlaspi arvense L. (Cruciferae), Gleditsia sinensis Lam. (Leguminosae), Smilax china L. (Liliaceae), Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. (Celastraceae) and Vaccaria segetalis (Neck.) (Caryophyllaceae) MPF has been used for the treatment of CPID and exerted significant clinical curative effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590083/novel-strategy-for-quality-consistency-evaluation-of-chinese-medicine-yiqing-tablet-that-combines-the-simultaneous-quantification-and-screening-of-ten-bioactive-constituents
#5
REVIEW
Dandan Gong, Yilang Hong, Guoxiang Sun, Jing Zhang
The UV characteristics for different categories compounds in complex traditional Chinese medicines and herbal preparations usually vary. Thus, to achieve the integral analysis of multi-wavelength fingerprint characteristics, we introduced a novel strategy of multi-wavelength total fusion profiling. The simultaneous separation and quantification of multiple components by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection was developed in an effective, accurate and reliable way...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587348/hepatoprotective-effects-of-litchi-litchi-chinensis-procyanidin-a2-on-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-liver-injury-in-icr-mice
#6
Lih-Geeng Chen, Cheng-Wei Chang, Jwu-Guh Tsay, Brian Bor-Chun Weng
Drug tolerance, lacking liver regenerative activity and inconclusive inhibition of steatosis and cirrhosis by silymarin treatment during chronic liver injury have increased the demand for novel alternative or synergistic treatments for liver damage. Litchi fruit is abundant in polyphenolic compounds and is used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatments that include the strengthening of hepatic and pancreatic functions. Unique polyphenolic compounds obtained from litchi pericarp extract (LPE) were studied in vitro and in vivo for hepatoprotection...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585421/evaluation-of-potential-anti-toxoplasmosis-efficiency-of-combined-traditional-herbs-in-a-mouse-model
#7
Xun-Hui Zhuo, Hong-Chao Sun, Bin Huang, Hai-Jie Yu, Ying Shan, Ai-Fang Du
Toxoplasma gondii is a worldwide spread protozoan and is able to infect almost all warm-blood animals. No effective drugs are available clinically on toxoplasmosis. Chinese traditional herbal medicines have provided remedies for many health problems. There exists a possibility that Chinese herbs may provide protection against T. gondii. This work aims to assess the protective efficacy of combined Chinese herbs against T. gondii. We screened five herbal medicines that have different pharmacological effects and combined them into a prescription according to the traditional Chinese medicine compatibility principle...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574448/simultaneous-quantification-of-multiple-representative-components-in-the-xian-ling-gu-bao-capsule-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#8
Zhi-Hong Yao, Zi-Fei Qin, Hong Cheng, Xiao-Meng Wu, Yi Dai, Xin-Luan Wang, Ling Qin, Wen-Cai Ye, Xin-Sheng Yao
Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB), a famous traditional Chinese medicine prescription, is extensively used for the treatment of osteoporosis in China. However, few studies on the holistic quality control of XLGB have been reported. In this study, a reliable method using 18 representative components in XLGB was successfully established and applied to evaluate 34 batches of XLGB samples by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS). The choice of quantitative markers mostly followed four principles, i...
June 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543360/relationship-between-the-uplc-q-tof-ms-fingerprinted-constituents-from-daphne-genkwa-and-their-anti-inflammatory-anti-oxidant-activities
#9
Wen-Juan Du, Jun Ji, Ling Wang, Xin-Yi Lan, Jia Li, Jun-Qiu Lei, Xin He, Chun-Feng Zhang, Wen-Zhe Huang, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Wei Xiao, Chong-Zhi Wang, Chun-Su Yuan
Daphne genkwa Sieb.et Zucc. is a well-known medicinal plant. This study was designed to apply the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography system to establish a quality control method for D. genkwa. Data revealed that there were 15 common peaks in 10 batches of D. genkwa Sieb. Et Zucc. (Thymelaeaceae) from different provinces of China. On this basis, the fingerprint chromatogram was established to provide references for quality control. Afterwards, the chemical constitutions of these common peaks were analyzed using the UPLC-Q-TOF-MS system and nine of them were identified...
May 22, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529560/ruanjian-sanjie-decoction-exhibits-antitumor-activity-by-inducing-cell-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer
#10
Xiumei Zhao, Jing Zhao, Renjie Hu, Qiang Yao, Guixian Zhang, Hongsheng Shen, Ernesto Yagüe, Yunhui Hu
Traditional Chinese medicine, based on theories developed and practiced for >2,000 years, is one of the most common complementary and alternative types of medicine currently used in the treatment of patients with breast cancer. Ruanjian Sanjie (RJSJ) decoction, is composed of four herbs, including Ban xia (Pinellia ternata), Xia ku cao (Prunella vulgaris), Shan ci gu (Cremastra appendiculata) and Hai zao (Sargassum pallidum), and has traditionally been used for softening hard lumps and resolving hard tissue masses...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521826/practitioners-perspectives-on-evaluating-treatment-outcomes-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#11
Yan-Hong Zhang, Jing Lv, Wei Gao, Jun Li, Ji-Qian Fang, Li-Yun He, Bao-Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: There are no generally accepted standards for evaluation of treatment outcomes in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Pattern differentiation and individual treatments are recognized as the most distinguishing features of TCM. Therefore, how practitioners determine curative effects is an issue worthy of research, though little has been done in this area up to this point. This study examines perceptions of the effectiveness of TCM treatments and the means of evaluating clinical outcomes from the practitioners' perspective...
May 18, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28519965/micellar-electrokinetic-chromatography-fingerprinting-combined-with-chemometrics-as-an-efficient-strategy-for-evaluating-the-quality-consistency-and-predicting-the-antioxidant-activity-of-lianqiao-baidu-pills
#12
Shuai Chen, Guoxiang Sun, Lanping Yang, Jing Zhang
An approach combining micellar electrokinetic chromatography fingerprinting with chemometrics was developed to evaluate the quality consistency of Lianqiao Baidu pills, which are traditional Chinese patent medicines composed of 19 herbs used mainly to treat skin ulcers, common cold, rheumatism, herpes, and constipation. The triangle optimization method was employed to choose a satisfactory background electrolyte, with the information index, I, as an objective function for assessing the capillary electrophoresis conditions...
July 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472415/acupressure-for-frail-older-people-in-community-dwellings-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Clara W C Chan, Pui Hing Chau, Angela Y M Leung, Kwai Ching Lo, Huafeng Shi, Tin Pui Yum, Yeuk Yiu Lee, Lei Li
Background: 'Frailty' is being increasing recognised as a geriatric syndrome of growing importance in the medical field. Acupressure is a non-pharmacological, non-invasive Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) treatment, which may serve to improve the quality of life (QOL) or prevent the progressive advancement of frailty in the aged population. Objective: to investigate the effects of a 12-week, TCM-principle guided acupressure intervention on the QOL of the frail older people living in the community...
May 2, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363525/protective-effect-of-a-phenolic-extract-containing-indoline-amides-from-portulaca-oleracea-against-cognitive-impairment-in-senescent-mice-induced-by-large-dose-of-d-galactose-nano2
#14
Peipei Wang, Hongxiang Sun, Dianyu Liu, Zezhao Jiao, Su Yue, Xiuquan He, Wen Xia, Jianbo Ji, Lan Xiang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Portulaca oleracea L. is a potherb and also a widely used traditional Chinese medicine. In accordance with its nickname "longevity vegetable", pharmacological study demonstrated that this plant possessed antioxidant, anti-aging, and cognition-improvement function. Active principles pertaining to these functions of P. oleracea need to be elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study evaluated the effect of a phenolic extract (PAAs) from P...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352348/gambogic-acid-potentiates-the-chemosensitivity-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-to-5-fluorouracil-by-inhibiting-proliferation-and-inducing-apoptosis
#15
Jianchang Wei, Ping Yang, Wanglin Li, Feng He, Shanqi Zeng, Tong Zhang, Junbin Zhong, Di Huang, Zhuanpeng Chen, Chengxing Wang, Huacui Chen, He Hu, Jie Cao
Chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) for colorectal cancer (CRC) has low specificity and response rates, leading to severe side effects. Gambogic acid (GA), a traditional Chinese medicine, has multi-targeted anticancer effects, including growth inhibition and apoptosis induction. However, it is unclear whether a combination of 5-FU and GA has synergistic anticancer effects in CRC cells. In this study, SW480 and HCT116 human CRC cells and human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) were treated with different concentrations of 5-FU, GA or 5-FU+GA...
February 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271655/use-of-electroacupuncture-and-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-in-reproductive-medicine-a-group-consensus
#16
Fan Qu, Rong Li, Wei Sun, Ge Lin, Rong Zhang, Jing Yang, Li Tian, Guo-Gang Xing, Hui Jiang, Fei Gong, Xiao-Yan Liang, Yan Meng, Jia-Yin Liu, Li-Ying Zhou, Shu-Yu Wang, Yan Wu, Yi-Jing He, Jia-Yu Ye, Song-Ping Han, Ji-Sheng Han
With the rapid development of assisted reproductive technology, various reproductive disorders have been effectively addressed. Acupuncture-like therapies, including electroacupuncture (EA) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS), become more popular world-wide. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that EA and TEAS are effective in treating gynecological disorders, especially infertility. This present paper describes how to select acupoints for the treatment of infertility from the view of theories of traditional Chinese medicine and how to determine critical parameters of electric pulses of EA/TEAS based on results from animal and clinical studies...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257573/toward-understanding-the-cold-hot-and-neutral-nature-of-chinese-medicines-using-in-silico-mode-of-action-analysis
#17
Xianjun Fu, Lewis H Mervin, Xuebo Li, Huayun Yu, Jiaoyang Li, Siti Zuraidah Mohamad Zobir, Azedine Zoufir, Yang Zhou, Yongmei Song, Zhenguo Wang, Andreas Bender
One important, however, poorly understood, concept of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is that of hot, cold, and neutral nature of its bioactive principles. To advance the field, in this study, we analyzed compound-nature pairs from TCM on a large scale (>23 000 structures) via chemical space visualizations to understand its physicochemical domain and in silico target prediction to understand differences related to their modes-of-action (MoA) against proteins. We found that overall TCM natures spread into different subclusters with specific molecular patterns, as opposed to forming coherent global groups...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254105/a-single-case-of-tourette-s-syndrome-treated-with-traditional-chinese-medicine
#18
Min-Hwa Lee
The objective of this case study was to investigate the effectiveness of Chinese medicine in treating Tourette's syndrome. Tourette's syndrome is a childhood- onset disorder that is characterized by sudden, involuntary movements or tics. The participant in this study was a 33-year-old male who had been diagnosed with Tourette's syndrome at the age of 9 years. His major complaints included facial tics, shoulder shrugging, and clearing the throat. Using a combination of acupuncture, herbs, Gua-Sha, and lifestyle changes once a week for 35 treatments, all the symptoms were reduced by 70%, as reported by the patient...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137413/achyranthes-bidentate-saponins-protect-rat-articular-chondrocytes-against-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in%C3%A2-vitro
#19
Xian-Xiang Xu, Xiao-Hong Zhang, Yong Diao, Yu-Xiang Huang
Achyranthes bidentate Blume (Niuxi) is often employed for treatment of arthritis in Traditional Chinese Medicine and possesses anti-inflammatory properties. Phytochemical and pharmacological studies proved the oleanane-type saponins to be the main bioactive principles. In the present study, protective effects of A. bidentata saponins (ABS) on inflammation and apoptosis in interleukine-1β (IL-1β)-induced chondrocytes were investigated. Rat chondrocytes were pretreated with ABS at 3 μg/mL, 10 μg/mL, and 30 μg/mL, and subsequently stimulated with IL-1β (10 ng/mL)...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088255/a-review-on-different-english-versions-of-an-ancient-classic-of-chinese-medicine-huang-di-nei-jing
#20
REVIEW
Xiao Ye, Min-Hua Dong
Huang Di Nei Jing (Nei Jing), one of the most important classical texts of traditional Chinese medicine, is the foundation upon which today's Chinese medicine principles are built. This seminal ancient classic has been translated into English many times by different scholars worldwide. The authors have found thirteen English versions, each of which has its own distinctive features. By reviewing different versions and research achievements of the English translation, the authors try to summarize the translation style, purpose, content and other features of each version, and point out each translation's weaknesses, strengths, or significance...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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