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traditional chinese medicine principles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129604/simultaneous-determination-of-nine-kinds-of-dominating-bile-acids-in-various-snake-bile-by-ultrahigh-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-triple-quadrupole-linear-iontrap-mass-spectrometry
#1
Jie Zhang, Yeqin Fan, Yajun Gong, Xiaoyong Chen, Luosheng Wan, Chenggao Zhou, Jiewen Zhou, Shuangcheng Ma, Feng Wei, Jiachun Chen, Jing Nie
Snake bile is one of the most expensive traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). However, due to the complicated constitutes of snake bile and the poor ultraviolet absorbance of some trace bile acids (BAs), effective analysis methods for snake bile acids were still unavailable, making it difficult to solve adulteration problems. In present study, ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QqQ-MS/MS) was applied to conduct a quantitative analysis on snake BAs...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082713/-research-and-development-strategies-in-classical-herbal-formulae
#2
Chang Chen, Jin-Tang Cheng, An Liu
As an outstanding representative of traditional Chinese medicine prescription, classical herbal formulae are the essence of traditional Chinese medicine great treasure. To support the development of classical herbal formulae, the state and relevant administrative departments have successively promulgated the relevant encouraged policies.But some key issues of classic herbal formulae in the development process have not reached a unified consensus and standard, and these problems were discussed in depth here...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076119/identification-of-potential-biomarkers-from-aconitum-carmichaelii-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-using-a-metabolomic-approach
#3
Dake Zhao, Yana Shi, Xinyan Zhu, Li Liu, Pengzhang Ji, Chunlin Long, Yong Shen, Edward J Kennelly
Despite their well-known toxicity, Aconitum species are important traditional medicines worldwide. Aconitum carmichaelii, known in Chinese as (fuzi), is an officially recognized traditional Chinese medicine with characteristic analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities, whose principal pharmacological ingredients are considered as aconitine-type diterpene alkaloids. Notwithstanding the long-recorded use of A. carmichaelii in traditional Chinese medicine, no single-entity aconitum alkaloid drug has been developed for clinical use...
October 26, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072001/-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials-of-eye-acupuncture-therapy-for-patients-with-post-stroke-insomnia
#4
Lu-Yang Liu, Peng-Qin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of eye-acupuncture therapy for post-stroke insomnia. METHODS: Sixty patients (45-70 years in age) with post-stroke insomnia were randomized into eye-acupuncture group and routine acupuncture (body acupuncture) group (30 cases in each). Patients of the eye-acupuncture group were treated by acupuncture stimulation of bilateral Shangjiao (Upper-energizer) and Xin (Heart) regions and those of the routine acupuncture group treated by acupuncture stimulation of Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Anmian (EX-HN 16), etc...
February 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057475/erding-formula-in-hyperuricaemia-treatment-unfolding-traditional-chinese-herbal-compatibility-using-modern-pharmaceutical-approaches
#5
Jieyu Zuo, Hongming He, Zhengyun Zuo, Nádia Bou-Chacra, Raimar Löbenberg
OBJECTIVES: Traditional Chinese herbal formulas are difficult to be understood because of complex compositions and specific therapeutic principles. To better understand herbal compatibility in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), this study was conducted to investigate the effects of a Chinese pharmacopoeia-listed formula, Erding Formula (EF) and its constituent herbs for a new indication, hyperuricaemia. METHODS: A hypoxanthine and potassium oxonate-induced hyperuricemic mouse model, a xylene-induced inflammatory mouse model and an acetic acid-induced pain model were used to test the effects of EF and its constituent herbs...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027440/-analysis-on-composition-principles-of-tibetan-medicine-containing-terminalia-chebula-by-data-mining
#6
Wen-Juan Yang, Yong-Zhong Zeweng, Yi Zhang, Zang-Jia Geng, Jia Nie
This study using traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support software(TCMISS) to analyze the prescription rules of Tibetan medicine containing Terminalia chebula in the Encyclopedia of Chinese Medicine-Tibetan Medicine, Tibetan Medicine Composition Preparation of Modern Research and Clinical Application and Common Interpretation of Tibetan Medicine and so on. TCMISS(V2.5) was used to build a prescription database of Tibetan medicine containing T. chebula.The software statistical statement module, association rules and improved mutual information method and other data mining technologies were adopted to analyze the common herbs, combination rules and core combination of prescriptions containing T...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994522/-moderation-integrated-balance-presupposition-of-chinese-medicine-compound-and-pharmacological-problems-in-traditional-chinese-drug-research
#7
Jun-Ning Zhao
The moderation-integrated-balance presupposition (MIBP) of Chinese medicine compound was first proposed in this paper based on the review of function characteristics and action principles of Chinese medicine compound. Furthermore, the pharmacological problems of traditional Chinese drug research were discussed in details. The results were of important value in accelerating the transformation of traditional Chinese medicine compound, and constructing the new drug innovation and review system for traditional Chinese medicine...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974750/discrimination-of-geographical-origin-of-cultivated-polygala-tenuifolia-based-on-multi-element-fingerprinting-by-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#8
Yunsheng Zhao, Xiaofang Ma, Lingling Fan, Fuying Mao, Hongling Tian, Rui Xu, Zhe Cao, Xinhui Zhang, Xueyan Fu, Hong Sui
Inorganic elements are important components of medicinal herbs, and provide valuable experimental evidence for the quality evaluation and control of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In this study, to investigate the relationship between the inorganic elemental fingerprint and geographical origin identification of cultivated Polygala tenuifolia, 41 elemental fingerprints of P. tenuifolia from four major polygala-producing regions (Shanxi, Hebei, Henan, and Shaanxi) were evaluated to determine the importance of inorganic elements to cultivated P...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952243/-application-of-immunoassay-in-fast-quality-evaluation-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Bo Zhang, Tie-Gui Nan, Qing Sun, Hong-Mei Liu, Feng-Wei Ding, Ying Wang
The quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine can be divided into two aspects, effectiveness and safety. The existing methods for evaluating the quality of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) are mostly based on the testing instruments, which can not meet the practical needs of simple, rapid and on-site in production and life. Immunoassay, characterized by simple, rapid, sensitive, specific, low-cost and high-throughput, is widely used in the fields of clinical diagnosis, environmental pollution monitoring, food safety testing, and other fields...
February 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933119/-research-on-rat-models-of-acute-liver-injury-with-syndrome-of-liver-depression-and-spleen-deficiency
#10
Na-Na Huang, Xiao-Qian Sun, Qian Yang, Xiao-Yu Li, Rong Sun
This paper aimed to establish animal models which are suitable for the activity found, efficacy evaluation of herbs resistant to acute liver injury with syndrome of liver depression and spleen deficiency and new drug research and development based on corresponding of formula and syndrome. The symptoms that are suitable for evaluating the rat models of acute liver injury with syndrome of liver depression and spleen deficiency were extracted according to the evolution rule of the etiology and pathogenesis in traditional Chinese medicine and the modern pathological mechanism...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933115/-rancidness-of-armeniacae-semen-amarum-involving-bianzhuang-lunzhi
#11
Jian-Ting Gong, Li-Ying Zhao, Bauer Rudolf, Wen-Juan Mi, Yang Li, Jia-Hui Li, Zhi-Yu Ren, Dong Xu, Ting Zhao, Yong-Hong Yan
This article aims to compare the qualities of Armeniacae Semen Amarum before and after rancidness, in order to study the rancidness of Armeniacae Semen Amarum. In the experiment, content of fatty oil, acid value and peroxide value were determined before and after rancidness,respectively. Meanwhile, HPLC, GC-MS were utilized to analyze laetrile and fatty acid components. Besides, colorimeter and e-nose were introduced to quantify and compare "color and odor". A correlation analysis was conducted on the above results...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929694/-methodological-quality-evaluation-of-randomized-controlled-trials-for-traditional-chinese-medicines-for-treatment-of-sub-health
#12
Jun Zhao, Xing Liao, Hui Zhao, Zhi-Geng Li, Nan-Yue Wang, Li-Min Wang
To evaluate the methodological quality of the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) for traditional Chinese medicines for treatment of sub-health, in order to provide a scientific basis for the improvement of clinical trials and systematic review. Such databases as CNKI, CBM, VIP, Wanfang, EMbase, Medline, Clinical Trials, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched for RCTS for traditional Chinese medicines for treatment of sub-health between the time of establishment and February 29, 2016. Cochrane Handbook 5...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929676/-understanding-and-development-strategy-of-health-food-containing-chinese-materia-medica
#13
REVIEW
Lin-Yuan Wang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Chun Wang, Jing-Xia Wang, Ying-Li Zhu, Jia Wang, Xue-Min Gao
Health food containing Chinese materia medica (CMM) conforms to the development demands of the age of big health and the theory of preventive treatment. In the view of health care and improvement of resisting diseases, it plays an important role in the market. It is very necessary to have further study and discussion on health food containing CMM. First of all, by comparing, analyzing and summarizing, the health food containing CMM could be defined as the health food which is qualified in security and functionality evaluation, with the traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) within TCM standards as the main raw materials, and the formulation-composition is based on the theory of TCM...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925140/-near-infrared-spectroscopy-based-process-trajectory-technology-and-its-application-in-monitoring-and-controlling-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-manufacturing-process
#14
Wen-Long Li, Hai-Bin Qu
In this paper, the principle of NIRS (near infrared spectroscopy)-based process trajectory technology was introduced.The main steps of the technique include:① in-line collection of the processes spectra of different technics; ② unfolding of the 3-D process spectra;③ determination of the process trajectories and their normal limits;④ monitoring of the new batches with the established MSPC (multivariate statistical process control) models.Applications of the technology in the chemical and biological medicines were reviewed briefly...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922547/the-vicious-circle-of-patient-physician-mistrust-in-china-health-professionals-perspectives-institutional-conflict-of-interest-and-building-trust-through-medical-professionalism
#15
Jing-Bao Nie, Yu Cheng, Xiang Zou, Ni Gong, Joseph D Tucker, Bonnie Wong, Arthur Kleinman
To investigate the phenomenon of patient-physician mistrust in China, a qualitative study involving 107 physicians, nurses and health officials in Guangdong Province, southern China, was conducted through semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In this paper we report the key findings of the empirical study and argue for the essential role of medical professionalism in rebuilding patient-physician trust. Health professionals are trapped in a vicious circle of mistrust. Mistrust (particularly physicians' distrust of patients and their relatives) leads to increased levels of fear and self-protection by doctors which exacerbate difficulties in communication; in turn, this increases physician workloads, adding to a strong sense of injustice and victimization...
September 18, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889844/development-of-a-novel-questionnaire-for-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-pattern-diagnosis-of-stress
#16
Shuai Zheng, Christine Kim, Peter Meier, David Sibbritt, Chris Zaslawski
Currently, there is no definitive diagnosis or list of signs and symptoms for "stress" in either modern biomedicine or Chinese medicine (CM). While modern theories on stress relate to the neurological interaction of a stressor or stimuli on the autonomic nervous system, it is generally regarded as subjective in nature and as such each individual will likely present varying somatic or cognitive signs and symptoms. A questionnaire was therefore developed, based on textual research, that incorporated both general as well as gender specific signs and symptom responses to determine the most common CM patterns associated with individuals who report as feeling stressed...
August 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867779/identification-and-analysis-of-amygdalin-neoamygdalin-and-amygdalin-amide-in-different-processed-bitter-almonds-by-hplc-esi-ms-ms-and-hplc-dad
#17
Shuya Xu, Xinfang Xu, Shaoxiong Yuan, Huan Liu, Mengnan Liu, Ying Zhang, Hui Zhang, Yan Gao, Ruichao Lin, Xiangri Li
Processing is a traditional pharmacy technology based on traditional Chinese medicine theory. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ingredients should be processed before being used as a medicine. Processed bitter almonds are widely used in the clinic in TCM for the treatment of cough and asthma. In this work the amygdalin profile of three producing areas in China was determined, with respect to three differently processed bitter almond products: raw, stir-fried and scalded. Identification of the compounds was done by using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS)...
August 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844210/a-history-of-standardization-in-the-english-translation-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-terminology
#18
REVIEW
Xiao Ye, Hong-Xia Zhang
In order to facilitate and propose further international standardization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) terminology, this article applies methods of historiography, philology and descriptive study to divide the history of TCM into three phases, based on representative experts and social events; to illustrate different aspects of these experts and their translation principles and standards and to discuss associated factors and inherent problems. The authors find that the development of a terminology standard for TCM has generally progressed from early approaches that were ill-suited to the contemporary needs to culturally and professionally referenced approaches, from uncoordinated research to systematic studies, and from individual works to collaborative endeavors...
September 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839365/determination-and-tissue-distribution-comparisons-of-atractylodin-after-oral-administration-of-crude-and-processed-atractylodes-rhizome
#19
Yang-Zhi Liu, Yu-Qiang Liu, Rui Jia, Jun Li, Xiao-Wen Chang, Chen-Xi Xu, Qian Cai
BACKGROUND: Atractylodis rhizoma is one of the most often used drugs in traditional Chinese medicine. Stir frying with wheat bran is the most common processing method. To clarify the principle of processing, an experiment was carried out to compare the tissue distribution of typical constituent after oral administration of raw A. rhizoma and processed ones. OBJECTIVE: To compare the tissues distribution of atractylodin after oral administration of raw and processed A...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829786/tramesan-a-novel-polysaccharide-from-trametes-versicolor-structural-characterization-and-biological-effects
#20
Marzia Scarpari, Massimo Reverberi, Alessia Parroni, Valeria Scala, Corrado Fanelli, Chiara Pietricola, Slaven Zjalic, Vittoria Maresca, Agostino Tafuri, Maria R Ricciardi, Roberto Licchetta, Simone Mirabilii, Aris Sveronis, Paola Cescutti, Roberto Rizzo
Mushrooms represent a formidable source of bioactive compounds. Some of these may be considered as biological response modifiers; these include compounds with a specific biological function: antibiotics (e.g. plectasin), immune system stimulator (e,g, lentinan), antitumor agents (e.g. krestin, PSK) and hypolipidemic agents (e.g. lovastatin) inter alia. In this study, we focused on the Chinese medicinal mushroom "yun zhi", Trametes versicolor, traditionally used for (cit.) "replenish essence and qi (vital energy)"...
2017: PloS One
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