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traditional chinese medicine principles

Nadine Ijaz, Heather Boon, Linda Muzzin, Sandy Welsh
Several United Nations bodies have advised countries to actively preserve Traditional Medicine (TM) knowledge and prevent its misappropriation in regulatory structures. To help advance decision-making around this complex regulatory issue, we examine the relationship between risk discourse, epistemology and policy. This study presents a critical, postcolonial analysis of divergent risk discourses elaborated in two contrasting Ontario (Canada) government reports preceding that jurisdiction's regulation of acupuncture, the world's most widely practised TM therapy...
August 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Joerg Schiller, Christoph Korallus, Matthias Bethge, Matthias Karst, Marie-Lena Schmalhofer, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Matthias Georg Fink
: In this sham-controlled study, 53 patients received 10 sessions of acupuncture treatment over 5 weeks to investigate the effects of acupuncture on the pain and quality of life of patients with osteoporosis. The results showed significant favorable effects of verum acupuncture on quality of life. Both interventions showed sustained and clinically relevant effects on pain. PURPOSE: Standard analgesic treatment is associated with adverse events in patients with osteoporosis, especially elderly and/or comorbid patients...
December 2016: Archives of Osteoporosis
Hongyong Deng, Clive E Adams
OBJECTIVE: To survey the reports of randomized trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions for schizophrenia and produce a broad overview of this type of research activity in this area. METHOD: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive Trials Register (January 2016), selected all relevant randomized trials, and extracted the data within each study. Finally, we sought relevant reviews on the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: We initially screened 423 articles from which we identified 378 relevant studies randomizing 35 341 participants (average study size 94, SD 60)...
October 13, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
Paul Owusu Donkor, Ying Chen, Liqin Ding, Feng Qiu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ligusticum species (Umbelliferae) have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, Korean folk medicine and Native American medicine for their medicinal and nutritional value. Decoctions of the rhizomes are used in treatment and prophylaxis of migraine, anaemia and cardiovascular conditions including stroke. AIM OF STUDY: This review is intended to fully compile the constituents of locally and traditionally used Ligusticum species, present their bioactivities and highlight potential leads for future drug design, and thus, provide a reference for further research and application of these species...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yong Yang, Han Cheng, Hui Yan, Peng-Zhan Wang, Rong Rong, Ying-Ying Zhang, Cheng-Bo Zhang, Rui-Kun Du, Li-Jun Rong
Emerging viruses such as Ebola virus (EBOV), Lassa virus (LASV), and avian influenza virus H5N1 (AIV) are global health concerns. Since there is very limited options (either vaccine or specific therapy) approved for humans against these viruses, there is an urgent need to develop prophylactic and therapeutic treatments. Previously we reported a high-throughput screening (HTS) protocol to identify entry inhibitors for three highly pathogenic viruses (EBOV, LASV, and AIV) using a human immunodeficiency virus-based pseudotyping platform which allows us to perform the screening in a BSL-2 facility...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Huimin Xu, Jianhua Jin, Lu Chen, Chunxiao Li, Qinggang Xu, Juanjuan Shi, Buchang Zhao, Yongzhong Hou, Hong Wang
Naoxintong (NXT) is an empirical formula based on the principle of traditional Chinese medicine, which has been approved by China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) and is widely used for treatment of patients with cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases in China. The aim of this study is to investigate the protective mechanism of NXT on H9c2 cells (cardiogenic cell line) in response to H2O2. MTT, Western blot, and flow cytometry (FCM) methods were used to identify the protective effect of NXT extract on H2O2-induced H9c2 cells...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Sheng-Yun Dai, Bing Xu, Yi Zhang, Jian-Yu Li, Fei Sun, Xin-Yuan Shi, Yan-Jiang Qiao
Coptis chinensis (Huanglian) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herb and alkaloids are the most important chemical constituents in it. In the present study, an isocratic reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method allowing the separation of six alkaloids in Huanglian was for the first time developed under the quality by design (QbD) principles. First, five chromatographic parameters were identified to construct a Plackett-Burman experimental design. The critical resolution, analysis time, and peak width were responses modeled by multivariate linear regression...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Qi Zhang, Zi-Jian Zhang, Xing-Hua Wang, Jie Ma, Yue-Han Song, Mi Liang, Sen-Xiang Lin, Jie Zhao, Ao-Zhe Zhang, Feng Li, Qian Hua
BACKGROUND: Shenghui soup is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used in clinic for the treatment of forgetfulness. In order to understanding the prescription principle, the effects of "tonifying qi and strengthening spleen" group (TQSS) including Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. and Panax ginseng C.A.Mey and "eliminating phlegm and strengthening intelligence" group (EPSI) composed of Polygala tenuifolia Willd., Acorus calamus L. and Sinapis alba L from the herb complex on neurite growth in PC12 cells, two disassembled prescriptions derived from Shenghui soup and their molecular mechanisms were investigated...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Xiaotao Hou, Jiagang Deng, Qian Zhang, Dongdong Wang, Derek Kennedy, Ronald J Quinn, Yunjiang Feng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The ethnic Chinese Yao medicine Baizuan, which are the leaves of Schisandra viridis A. C. Smith, is traditionally used, in combination with other herbs, to soften hard lumps and dispel nodes in the treatment of cancer, however, this property has not been well studied with a clear indication of the active principles. AIM OF THE STUDY: The experiments were carried out to investigate the cytotoxic activity of the extracts and to identify the active principles from the extract, which could support the traditional application of treating cancer...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jingxiang Pang, Xiaoyan Zhu, Yanli Liu, Jialei Fu, Xiaolei Zhao, Meina Yang, Eduard van Wijk, Mei Wang, Xiaoyan Nie, Jinxiang Han
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plays a critical role in healthcare; however, it lacks scientific evidence to support the multidimensional therapeutic effects. These effects are based on experience, and, to date, there is no advanced tool to evaluate these experience based effects. In the current study, Chinese herbal materials classified with different cold and heat therapeutic properties, based on Chinese medicine principles, were investigated using spectral distribution, as well as the decay probability distribution based on delayed luminescence (DL)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Yun Lu, Wei Jin, Hong Zhang, Xiaoyun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine-Western Medicine (TCM-WM) in the treatment of acute onset pulmonary heart disease (PHD). METHODS: A total of 240 patients met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled. These inpatients were divided into group A (treatment group) and B (control group) in order of admission according to the principles of randomization and control. The research was performed simultaneously in three hospitals...
June 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
Tingting Zhu, Xiao Liu, Xiaoli Wang, Gang Cao, Kunming Qin, Ke Pei, Hui Zhu, Hao Cai, Minjie Niu, Baochang Cai
Rhubarb is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines and has been used for thousands of years in many Asian countries. Prepared rhubarb is obtained by steaming raw rhubarb with glutinous rice wine until it turned black in appearance both inside and outside. After processing, the therapeutic effects of prepared rhubarb change a lot. To find out the exact compound changes of the chemical profile in a decoction of rhubarb after processing and to clarify the material basis of the changed therapeutic effects, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry method coupled with automated data analysis software and statistical strategy was developed...
August 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Yue Huang, Yunhai Bo, Xiao Wu, Qiuyi Wang, Feng Qin, Longshan Zhao, Zhili Xiong
Gushudan, a Chinese compound formulation based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and desgined to treat osteoporosis. However, its intergated intervention effective mechanism in vivo is not well understood. In this study, an intergated serum and urinary metabonomic strategy based on UPLC-MS technique have been developed to increase the understanding of the metabolism characters of osteoporosis and to investigate the holistic therapeutic efficacy of Gushudan on prednisolone-induced osteoporosis rat model...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Wei Zhang, Rui-xian Zhang, Jian Li
All previous literatures about Chinese herbal medicines show distinctive traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) flavors. Compendium of Materia Medica is an influential book in TCM history. The TCM flavor theory and flavor standardization principle in this book has important significance for modern TCM flavor standardization. Compendium of Materia Medica pays attention to the flavor theory, explain the relations between the flavor of medicine and its therapeutic effects by means of Neo-Confucianism of the Song and Ming Dynasties...
December 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Rui-li Huo, Sheng-xing Ma
Recently a number of acupuncture clinical trial projects mainly conducted by conventional scientists have generated many negative results. A large meta-analysis of patient-level acupuncture data for the treatment of chronic pain conditions have demonstrated that the effects of verum acupuncture on pain improvement have statistically significant, but small, differences compared with sham-acupuncture procedures and no difference between acupuncture points and non-points. These conclusions have puzzled the acupuncture community and made confusion for acupuncture research and practices...
March 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Hongli Jiang, Wei Liu, Guanhong Li, Tao Fan, Bing Mao
Context • Upper airway cough syndrome (UACS), previously called postnasal drip syndrome (PNDS), has been considered universally to be one of the most common causes of chronic cough. As an important part of complementary and alternative therapy, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has found an exact curative therapy for chronic cough through clinical practice for thousands of years. Objective • The aim of the current review was to investigate systematically the beneficial and adverse effects of Chinese medicinal herbs (CMH) in the treatment of UACS...
March 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Xuefeng Su, Zhuoting Yao, Shengting Li, He Sun
The primary therapeutic effects of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) are based on the properties of each herb and the strategic combination of herbs in formulae. The herbal formulae are constructed according to Chinese medicine theory: the "Traditional Principles for Constructing Chinese Herbal Medicinal Formulae" and the "Principles of Combining Medicinal Substances." These principles of formulation detail how and why multiple medicinal herbs with different properties are combined together into a single formula...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Kang Chen, Chao Jiang, Yuan Yuan, Lu-qi Huang
High resolution melting (HRM), based on melting curve analysis, requires not only saturating dyes that fluoresce in the presence of double-stranded DNA, but also higher resolution detection equipment. The melting curve is a novel method for sequence matching, genotyping and mutation scanning. The technology is simple, accurate, rapid, closed-tube, low-cost, and high-throughput, which make it gain more and more applications. This review article presents the basic principles, key factors and both the advantage and limitations of HRM...
December 2015: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
J Lu, R N S Wong, L Zhang, R Y L Wong, T B Ng, K F Lee, Y B Zhang, L X Lao, J Y Liu, S C W Sze
Rhizomes of Dioscorea species are traditionally used for relieving menopausal syndromes in Chinese medicine. The estrogen-stimulating bioactive principles have been demonstrated in our previous study. In this study, the estrogen-stimulating effects of proteins isolated from four Dioscorea species [D. alata L. (DA), D. zingiberensis C.H. Wright (DH), D. collettii var. hypoglauca (Palib.) S.J. Pei & C.T. Ting (DH), and D. oppositifolia L. (DO)] have been investigated and compared. Microscopic authentication of four Dioscorea species was performed by using paraffin and powder sections of the rhizomes...
September 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zhenbiao Zhang, Xiaoying Chen, Hanbin Chen, Lan Wang, Jiali Liang, Dandan Luo, Yuhong Liu, Hongmei Yang, Yucui Li, Jianhui Xie, Ziren Su
β-Patchoulene (β-PAE) is a tricyclic sesquiterpene isolated from the oil of Pogostemon cablin (patchouli oil), which has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, as one of the major principle of patchouli oil, the biological activity of β-PAE has not been explored so far. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory activity in vivo, and the underlying mechanism, of β-PAE was investigated on experimental mice models of acute inflammation, i.e. xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability and carrageenan-induced paw edema...
June 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
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