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traditional chinese medicine principles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088255/a-review-on-different-english-versions-of-an-ancient-classic-of-chinese-medicine-huang-di-nei-jing
#1
REVIEW
Xiao Ye, Min-Hua Dong
Huang Di Nei Jing (Nei Jing), one of the most important classical texts of traditional Chinese medicine, is the foundation upon which today's Chinese medicine principles are built. This seminal ancient classic has been translated into English many times by different scholars worldwide. The authors have found thirteen English versions, each of which has its own distinctive features. By reviewing different versions and research achievements of the English translation, the authors try to summarize the translation style, purpose, content and other features of each version, and point out each translation's weaknesses, strengths, or significance...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057058/efficacy-and-safety-of-lian-ju-gan-mao-capsules-for-treating-the-common-cold-with-wind-heat-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Shengjun Wang, Hongli Jiang, Qin Yu, Bin She, Bing Mao
BACKGROUND: The common cold is a common and frequent respiratory disease mainly caused by viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Chinese herbal medicine has been increasingly prescribed to treat the common cold; however, there is a lack of evidence to support the wide utility of this regimen. This protocol describes an ongoing phase II randomized controlled clinical trial, based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with the objective of evaluating the efficacy and safety of Lian-Ju-Gan-Mao capsules (LJGMC), a Chinese patent medicine, compared with placebo in patients suffering from the common cold with wind-heat syndrome (CCWHS)...
January 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968847/bushenjianpi-formula-combined-with-entecavir-for-hbeag-negative-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#3
Yue-Qiu Gao, Xin Zhang, Man Li, Zhen-Hua Zhou, Xue-Hua Sun, Xiao-Jun Zhu, Shu-Gen Jin
BACKGROUND: The treatment combination of traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine results in significant decrease of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and increase of HBeAg loss in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) without any serious adverse events. We aimed to assess whether the Bushenjianpi Formula combined with entecavir could increase the HBsAg loss rate in patients with HBeAg-negative CHB. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we recruited patients with HBeAg-negative CHB from ten third-level grade-A hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965050/the-optimal-dose-of-arsenic-trioxide-induced-opposite-efficacy-in-autophagy-between-k562-cells-and-their-initiating-cells-to-eradicate-human-myelogenous-leukemia
#4
Zhenzhen Guo, Mingjing Meng, Shengnan Geng, Zhenhua Du, Yaqiu Zheng, Jingjing Yao, Zibo Li, Guang Han, Haihong Lin, Gangjun Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arsenic trioxide (As2O3), a main component of arsenolite which is a common traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) wildly used as a therapeutic agent for more than 2400 years in china, has been accepted as a standard treatment for the patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) based on the principle in TCM of "using a poison to fight against other poisons or malignancy illnesses". However, it remains unknown that which mechanism is actually responsible for the therapeutic effects against these blood malignancies...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956918/the-applications-and-features-of-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-in-the-analysis-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Bingyao Pang, Ying Zhu, Longqing Lu, Fangbing Gu, Hailong Chen
With increasingly improved separation of complex samples and detection of unknown material capabilities, liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. This article describes the principles of liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometry (MS) and their advantages and disadvantages in qualitative and quantitative analysis of TCM. We retrieved research literatures about the application of LC-MS in TCM published during the past five years at home and abroad...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912962/the-influence-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-constitutions-on-the-potential-repair-capacity-after-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#6
Tong Yu, Zhennan Zhang, Limin Xie, Xun Ke, Yang Liu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) constitutions on repair capacity after osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). DESIGN AND SETTING: Ninety-six patients with TCM constitutions of yang-deficiency, dampness-heat and/or blood-stasis were recruited from the orthopedic outpatient clinic of the Guang'anmen Hospital of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Science. Each patient underwent computed tomography (CT) examination of the hips, and CAD software was used to estimate proximal sclerosis ratios based on the CT images...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852126/traditional-chinese-medicine-food-therapy-and-hypertension-control-a-narrative-review-of-chinese-literature
#7
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845727/ligand-fishing-a-remarkable-strategy-for-discovering-bioactive-compounds-from-complex-mixture-of-natural-products
#8
REVIEW
Rongjie Zhuo, Hao Liu, Ningning Liu, Yi Wang
Identification of active compounds from natural products is a critical and challenging task in drug discovery pipelines. Besides commonly used bio-guided screening approaches, affinity selection strategy coupled with liquid chromatography or mass spectrometry, known as ligand fishing, has been gaining increasing interest from researchers. In this review, we summarized this emerging strategy and categorized those methods as off-line or on-line mode according to their features. The separation principles of ligand fishing were introduced based on distinct analytical techniques, including biochromatography, capillary electrophoresis, ultrafiltration, equilibrium dialysis, microdialysis, and magnetic beads...
November 11, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785941/new-development-in-traditional-chinese-medicine-symbolism-digit-therapy-as-a-special-naturopathic-treatment
#9
Shanyu Li, Stevenson Xutian
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) grew out of traditional Chinese culture. For example, the eight-diagram symbol is composed of the Yang and the Yin. According to oriental philosophy, everything in the universe has a two-sided property, namely an image (or symbol) and a number (or digit). This paper introduces the new concept and historical background of symbolism-digit therapy (SDT), which is a natural therapy for the treatment of various kinds of diseases. SDT is of TCM heritage, which can be traced back to the ancient publications such as Yi Jing, and this heritage has been incorporated into modern development and practices...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768943/state-risk-discourse-and-the-regulatory-preservation-of-traditional-medicine-knowledge-the-case-of-acupuncture-in-ontario-canada
#10
Nadine Ijaz, Heather Boon, Linda Muzzin, Sandy Welsh
Several United Nations bodies have advised countries to actively preserve Traditional Medicine (TM) knowledge and prevent its misappropriation in regulatory structures. To help advance decision-making around this complex regulatory issue, we examine the relationship between risk discourse, epistemology and policy. This study presents a critical, postcolonial analysis of divergent risk discourses elaborated in two contrasting Ontario (Canada) government reports preceding that jurisdiction's regulation of acupuncture, the world's most widely practised TM therapy...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766596/effects-of-acupuncture-on-quality-of-life-and-pain-in-patients-with-osteoporosis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Joerg Schiller, Christoph Korallus, Matthias Bethge, Matthias Karst, Marie-Lena Schmalhofer, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Matthias Georg Fink
: In this sham-controlled study, 53 patients received 10 sessions of acupuncture treatment over 5 weeks to investigate the effects of acupuncture on the pain and quality of life of patients with osteoporosis. The results showed significant favorable effects of verum acupuncture on quality of life. Both interventions showed sustained and clinically relevant effects on pain. PURPOSE: Standard analgesic treatment is associated with adverse events in patients with osteoporosis, especially elderly and/or comorbid patients...
December 2016: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734592/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-schizophrenia-a-survey-of-randomized-trials
#12
Hongyong Deng, Clive E Adams
OBJECTIVE: To survey the reports of randomized trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions for schizophrenia and produce a broad overview of this type of research activity in this area. METHOD: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive Trials Register (January 2016), selected all relevant randomized trials, and extracted the data within each study. Finally, we sought relevant reviews on the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: We initially screened 423 articles from which we identified 378 relevant studies randomizing 35 341 participants (average study size 94, SD 60)...
October 13, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729283/locally-and-traditionally-used-ligusticum-species-a-review-of-their-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-pharmacokinetics
#13
REVIEW
Paul Owusu Donkor, Ying Chen, Liqin Ding, Feng Qiu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ligusticum species (Umbelliferae) have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, Korean folk medicine and Native American medicine for their medicinal and nutritional value. Decoctions of the rhizomes are used in treatment and prophylaxis of migraine, anemia and cardiovascular conditions including stroke. AIM OF STUDY: This review is intended to fully compile the constituents of locally and traditionally used Ligusticum species, present their bioactivities and highlight potential leads for future drug design, and thus, provide a reference for further research and application of these species...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704591/a-cell-based-high-throughput-protocol-to-screen-entry-inhibitors-of-highly-pathogenic-viruses-with-traditional-chinese-medicines
#14
Yong Yang, Han Cheng, Hui Yan, Peng-Zhan Wang, Rong Rong, Ying-Ying Zhang, Cheng-Bo Zhang, Rui-Kun Du, Li-Jun Rong
Emerging viruses such as Ebola virus (EBOV), Lassa virus (LASV), and avian influenza virus H5N1 (AIV) are global health concerns. Since there is very limited options (either vaccine or specific therapy) approved for humans against these viruses, there is an urgent need to develop prophylactic and therapeutic treatments. Previously we reported a high-throughput screening (HTS) protocol to identify entry inhibitors for three highly pathogenic viruses (EBOV, LASV, and AIV) using a human immunodeficiency virus-based pseudotyping platform which allows us to perform the screening in a BSL-2 facility...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668004/naoxintong-ppar%C3%AE-signaling-inhibits-h9c2-cell-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-response-to-oxidative-stress
#15
Huimin Xu, Jianhua Jin, Lu Chen, Chunxiao Li, Qinggang Xu, Juanjuan Shi, Buchang Zhao, Yongzhong Hou, Hong Wang
Naoxintong (NXT) is an empirical formula based on the principle of traditional Chinese medicine, which has been approved by China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) and is widely used for treatment of patients with cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases in China. The aim of this study is to investigate the protective mechanism of NXT on H9c2 cells (cardiogenic cell line) in response to H2O2. MTT, Western blot, and flow cytometry (FCM) methods were used to identify the protective effect of NXT extract on H2O2-induced H9c2 cells...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667516/establishment-and-reliability-evaluation-of-the-design-space-for-hplc-analysis-of-six-alkaloids-in-coptis-chinensis-huanglian-using-bayesian-approach
#16
Sheng-Yun Dai, Bing Xu, Yi Zhang, Jian-Yu Li, Fei Sun, Xin-Yuan Shi, Yan-Jiang Qiao
Coptis chinensis (Huanglian) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herb and alkaloids are the most important chemical constituents in it. In the present study, an isocratic reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method allowing the separation of six alkaloids in Huanglian was for the first time developed under the quality by design (QbD) principles. First, five chromatographic parameters were identified to construct a Plackett-Burman experimental design. The critical resolution, analysis time, and peak width were responses modeled by multivariate linear regression...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646829/the-prescriptions-from-shenghui-soup-enhanced-neurite-growth-and-gap-43-expression-level-in-pc12-cells
#17
Qi Zhang, Zi-Jian Zhang, Xing-Hua Wang, Jie Ma, Yue-Han Song, Mi Liang, Sen-Xiang Lin, Jie Zhao, Ao-Zhe Zhang, Feng Li, Qian Hua
BACKGROUND: Shenghui soup is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used in clinic for the treatment of forgetfulness. In order to understanding the prescription principle, the effects of "tonifying qi and strengthening spleen" group (TQSS) including Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. and Panax ginseng C.A.Mey and "eliminating phlegm and strengthening intelligence" group (EPSI) composed of Polygala tenuifolia Willd., Acorus calamus L. and Sinapis alba L from the herb complex on neurite growth in PC12 cells, two disassembled prescriptions derived from Shenghui soup and their molecular mechanisms were investigated...
September 20, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620660/cytotoxic-ethnic-yao-medicine-baizuan-leaves-of-schisandra-viridis-a-c-smith
#18
Xiaotao Hou, Jiagang Deng, Qian Zhang, Dongdong Wang, Derek Kennedy, Ronald J Quinn, Yunjiang Feng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The ethnic Chinese Yao medicine Baizuan, which are the leaves of Schisandra viridis A. C. Smith, is traditionally used, in combination with other herbs, to soften hard lumps and dispel nodes in the treatment of cancer, however, this property has not been well studied with a clear indication of the active principles. AIM OF THE STUDY: The experiments were carried out to investigate the cytotoxic activity of the extracts and to identify the active principles from the extract, which could support the traditional application of treating cancer...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478482/spectral-analysis-of-chinese-medicinal-herbs-based-on-delayed-luminescence
#19
Jingxiang Pang, Xiaoyan Zhu, Yanli Liu, Jialei Fu, Xiaolei Zhao, Meina Yang, Eduard van Wijk, Mei Wang, Xiaoyan Nie, Jinxiang Han
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plays a critical role in healthcare; however, it lacks scientific evidence to support the multidimensional therapeutic effects. These effects are based on experience, and, to date, there is no advanced tool to evaluate these experience based effects. In the current study, Chinese herbal materials classified with different cold and heat therapeutic properties, based on Chinese medicine principles, were investigated using spectral distribution, as well as the decay probability distribution based on delayed luminescence (DL)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468541/-multicenter-clinical-efficacy-observation-of-integrated-traditional-chinese-medicine-western-medicine-treatment-in-acute-onset-period-of-pulmonary-heart-disease
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yun Lu, Wei Jin, Hong Zhang, Xiaoyun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine-Western Medicine (TCM-WM) in the treatment of acute onset pulmonary heart disease (PHD). METHODS: A total of 240 patients met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled. These inpatients were divided into group A (treatment group) and B (control group) in order of admission according to the principles of randomization and control. The research was performed simultaneously in three hospitals...
June 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
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