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Best-worst scaling

Kai Hatano, Kazumi Sugimura
In the present study, we examined changes in identity dynamics during adolescence using the Dimensions of Identity Development Scale (DIDS), focusing on social and cultural factors possibly affecting identity formation. Identity formation among adolescents outside Western countries is largely unexplored; therefore, we focused on adolescents in Japan. We conducted a longitudinal study with 4 annual measurement points examining 968 Japanese adolescents (49.7% females). Two cohorts of participants were 13 and 16 years old at Time 1 and were followed until 16 and 19 years old, respectively...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
Daniel Pach, Mike Piper, Fabian Lotz, Thomas Reinhold, Mirja Dombrowski, Yinghui Chang, Bin Liu, Susanne Blödt, Gabriele Rotter, Katja Icke, Claudia M Witt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether tuina is more effective and cost-effective in reducing pain compared to no intervention in patients with chronic neck pain. DESIGN: Single-center randomized two-armed controlled trial. SETTING: University outpatient clinic specialized in Integrative Medicine. SUBJECTS: Outpatients with chronic neck pain were randomly allocated to tuina or no intervention. INTERVENTION: Six tuina treatments within 3 weeks...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Lynn Stothers, S Mutabazi, F Bajunirwe, Andrew Macnab
INTRODUCTION: The Visual Prostate Symptom Score (VPSS) is an image-based interpretation of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) intended to quantify frequency, nocturia, weak stream, and quality of life (QoL) in a literacy-independent manner. METHODS: Ugandan men presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) to a rural clinic completed VPSS and IPSS independently and then with assistance. They verbally interpreted VPSS images, rated question usefulness, and suggested improvements...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Martin Howell, Germaine Wong, John Rose, Allison Tong, Jonathan C Craig, Kirsten Howard
BACKGROUND: The care of kidney transplant recipients involves a balance between maximizing graft survival and serious adverse outcomes. This study aimed to quantify patients' preferences and trade-offs for important outcomes after transplantation. METHODS: A best-worst scaling survey, analyzed by multinomial-logit models, was used to calculate normalized preference scores (0, best; 1, worst), for varying years of graft duration and risk of dying before graft failure, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, infection, anxiety/depression, diarrhoea/nausea, and weight gain...
November 2017: Transplantation
Angelo Pappalardo, Clara Grazia Chisari, Enrico Montanari, Ilaria Pesci, Giovanna Borriello, Carlo Pozzilli, Emanuele D'Amico, Francesco Patti
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease impacting patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Since MS specific HRQoL questionnaire are often time consuming; thus, simple, feasible and ease administering instruments are needed to assess MS HRQoL in clinical practice and clinical trials. Hence, aim of our study was to investigated the HRQoL in a large cohort of MS patients using the Coop/Wonca charts. METHODS: This was multicenter, independent, non-sponsored, observational study, including patients from 40 Italian MS centers...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Fumihiko Nakamura, Yutaka Saito, Shin Haruyama, Masau Sekiguchi, Masayoshi Yamada, Taku Sakamoto, Takeshi Nakajima, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Yoshitaka Murakami, Hideki Ishikawa, Takahisa Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has become popular as an alternative to laparoscopy-assisted colectomy (LAC) for early colorectal cancer. AIM: To validate postoperative quality of life (QOL) based on subjective symptoms of patients from questionnaire survey. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients planned to undergo ESD for adenoma or Tis/T1a cancer at our institution between December 2011 and January 2013. Controls were prospectively enrolled LAC patients diagnosed with T1b cancer...
October 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Kavita Singh, Dimple Kondal, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammed K Ali, Rajendra Pradeepa, Vamadevan S Ajay, Viswanathan Mohan, Muhammad M Kadir, Mark Daniel Sullivan, Nikhil Tandon, K M Venkat Narayan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a key indicator of health. However, HRQOL data from representative populations in South Asia are lacking. This study aims to describe HRQOL overall, by age, gender and socioeconomic status, and examine the associations between selected chronic conditions and HRQOL in adults from three urban cities in South Asia. METHODS: We used data from 16 287 adults aged ≥20 years from the baseline survey of the Centre for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia cohort (2010-2011)...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
Sachiko Ozawa, Chizoba Wonodi, Olufemi Babalola, Tukur Ismail, John Bridges
BACKGROUND: Understanding and ranking the reasons for low vaccination uptake among parents in northern Nigeria is critical to implement effective policies to save lives and prevent illnesses. This study applies best-worst scaling (BWS) to rank various factors affecting parents' demand for routine childhood immunization. METHODS: We conducted a household survey in Nahuche, Zamfara State in northern Nigeria. Nearly two hundred parents with children under age five were asked about their views on 16 factors using a BWS technique...
November 7, 2017: Vaccine
Kimberly H Davis, Jun Su, Juan Marcos González, Jeremiah J Trudeau, Lauren M Nelson, Brett Hauber, Kelly A Hollis
BACKGROUND: Physicians consider ease of use, satisfaction, and preferences when prescribing an inhaler device. These factors may impact appropriate usage and compliance. METHODS: The objectives were to quantify the relative importance of inhaler attributes in patients currently using Combivent Respimat by eliciting preferences for performance and convenience attributes assessed by items in the Patient Satisfaction and Preference Questionnaire (PASAPQ). Using a pharmacy database, 19,964 adults in the United States who filled ≥2 Combivent Respimat prescriptions were identified...
October 16, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Colleen E Huebner, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Melissa Mitchell, Gary Allen, R Mike Shirtcliff, JoAnna M Scott, Peter Milgrom
INTRODUCTION: Twice-daily caregiver-supervised toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste is an effective and widely recommended strategy to prevent tooth decay in children. Qualitative research suggests that low-income caregivers know the recommendation but would benefit from toothbrushing supplies and advice about how to introduce this health behavior especially as the child becomes older and asserts autonomy to do it "myself." Our objective is to assess consumer satisfaction with the evidence-based theory-informed campaign and usefulness of materials that were home delivered...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Jennie Diec, Thomas Naduvilath, Daniel Tilia, Eric B Papas, Percy Lazon de la Jara
PURPOSE: To describe a ranked symptoms scale (RSS) discriminating subjective responses in contact lens (CL) wear in various situations. METHOD: Forty experienced clinical trial participants were interviewed for their perceptions of ocular comfort scales, resulting in a numerical RSS. For further evaluation, 20 CL wearers enrolled into a prospective, randomised, crossover trial. Two silicone-hydrogel CLs and a lens care solution (LCS) [Combinations A & B] were selected based on prior performance identifying best/worst combinations for end-of-day comfort...
October 6, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Heidi S Harvie, Daniel D Lee, Uduak U Andy, Judy A Shea, Lily A Arya
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition that frequently coexists with urinary and fecal incontinence. The impact of prolapse on quality of life is typically measured through condition-specific quality-of-life instruments. Utility preference scores are a standardized generic health-related quality-of-life measure that summarizes morbidity on a scale from 0 (death) to 1 (optimum health). Utility preference scores quantify disease severity and burden and are widely used in cost-effectiveness research...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Seul Bi Lee, Seung Ho Kim, Jung Hee Son, Ji Yeon Baik
OBJECTIVE: To compare small bowel distension and bowel wall visualization among three different patients' positions (supine, sitting and right decubitus) during administration of oral contrast media in preparation for CT enterography (CTE). METHODS: A total of 150 consecutive patients (104 males and 46 females; mean age 34.6 years, range 15-78 years) who were scheduled to undergo CTE were recruited. Patients were randomly allocated into the three position groups during oral contrast media administration, and there were 50 patients in each group...
October 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
Tyler Dean, Charles Chubb
A tone-scramble is a rapid, randomly ordered sequence of pure tones. Chubb, Dickson, Dean, Fagan, Mann, Wright, Guan, Silva, Gregersen, and Kowalski [(2013). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 134(4), 3067-3078] showed that a task requiring listeners to classify major vs minor tone-scrambles yielded a strikingly bimodal distribution. The current study sought to clarify the nature of the skill required in this task. In each of the "semitone" tasks, all tone-scrambles contained eight each of the notes G5, D6, and G6 (to establish G as the tonic) and eight copies of a target note...
September 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Robert J Romanelli, Marina Dolginsky, Yuliya Byakina, Deborah Bronstein, Sandra Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a shared medical appointment (SMA) on opioids in the treatment of chronic pain. RESEARCH DESIGN: This prospective study was conducted at an ambulatory clinic within a health-care delivery system. The SMA is a single 90-minute encounter, led by a physician. We included adult patients who attended the SMA and completed an immediate pre-post survey. Survey items were measured on a scale from 0 (worst) to 5 (best). Mean differences in pre-post responses were assessed by a paired t test...
September 2017: Journal of patient experience
Kathleen Beusterien, Elcie Chan, Pedro Such, Anne de Jong Laird, Stephan Heres, Kaitlan Amos, Jean-Yves Loze, Anna-Greta Nylander, Paul Robinson, John F P Bridges
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate a new stated-preference instrument to prioritize multiple treatment goals among people with recent onset schizophrenia. METHODS: A draft survey instrument was developed to assess preferences for 13 key treatment goals that were identified based on the literature. The survey incorporates best-worst scaling (BWS), which shows repeated subsets comprising 4 of the 13 goals, and respondents identify which is most important and which is least important to them...
October 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Marie Sjödin, Ingela Rådestad, Sofia Zwedberg
BACKGROUND: An instrumental birth with a ventouse or forceps is a complicated birth, possibly resulting in fear of childbirth which could influence the entire birth experience negatively. Patients who are actively involved in their care have a stronger sense of satisfaction and a sense of participation can contribute to shorter hospital stays. AIM: To describe the experience of participation for women involved in an instrumental delivery with ventouse or forceps...
September 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Timothy A Allen, Bridget E Carey, Carolina McBride, R Michael Bagby, Colin G DeYoung, Lena C Quilty
OBJECTIVE: Research has shown that three personality traits-Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Conscientiousness-moderate one another in a three-way interaction that predicts depressive symptoms in healthy populations. We test the hypothesis that this effect is driven by three lower-order traits: withdrawal, industriousness, and enthusiasm. We then replicate this interaction within a clinical population for the first time. METHOD: Sample 1 included 376 healthy adults...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
Catherine H Davis, Lillian S Kao, Jason B Fleming, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce surgical site infection (SSI) rates, a large number of infection control practices (ICPs), including operating room attire policies, have been recommended. However, few have proven benefits and many are costly, time-consuming, and detrimental to provider morale. The goal of this multi-institution study was to determine which ICPs are associated with lower postoperative SSI rates. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty American College of Surgeons NSQIP and Texas Alliance for Surgical Quality-affiliated hospitals completed this Quality Improvement Assessment Board-approved study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Shireen Anne Nah, Caroline C P Ong, Seyed Ehsan Saffari, Lin Yin Ong, Te-Lu Yap, Yee Low, Anette S Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Patients with anorectal malformation (ARM) and Hirschsprung's disease (HD) face long-term disturbance in bowel function even after definitive surgery. This study evaluates the quality of life (QOL) of patients with ARM and HD, and compares them to healthy controls using self-report questionnaires. METHODOLOGY: A prospective study was performed recruiting patients with ARM or HD from September 2013 to December 2014 who had primary surgery done in our institution at least 2 years prior to participation...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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