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Best-worst scaling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#1
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291891/effect-of-inpatient-rehabilitation-vs-a-monitored-home-based-program-on-mobility-in-patients-with-total-knee-arthroplasty-the-hiho-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Mark A Buhagiar, Justine M Naylor, Ian A Harris, Wei Xuan, Friedbert Kohler, Rachael Wright, Renee Fortunato
Importance: Formal rehabilitation programs, including inpatient programs, are often assumed to optimize recovery among patients after undergoing total knee arthroplasty. However, these programs have not been compared with any outpatient or home-based programs. Objective: To determine whether 10 days of inpatient rehabilitation followed by a monitored home-based program after total knee arthroplasty provided greater improvements than a monitored home-based program alone in mobility, function, and quality of life...
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286592/opinions-and-preferences-of-british-columbia-pharmacists-and-physicians-on-medication-management-services
#3
Nicole W Tsao, Amir Khakban, Louise Gastonguay, Zafar Zafari, Larry D Lynd, Carlo A Marra
BACKGROUND: Medication management (MM) services are being provided by pharmacists across Canada in various forms, but pharmacist-physician collaboration is still not a routine practice in most jurisdictions. This survey aimed to gather pharmacists' and physicians' opinions and preferences for MM provision. METHODS: Two parallel, cross-sectional online surveys, including best-worst scaling tasks, were designed for pharmacists and physicians in British Columbia to capture and compare their preferences for a number of attributes of MM...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277296/botox-a-injection-of-salivary-glands-for-drooling
#4
Ana Alvarenga, Miguel Campos, Mariana Dias, Lina Melão, José Estevão-Costa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Drooling is a challenging entity to manage. Botulinum toxin A (BOTOX-A) infiltration of salivary glands is a promising alternative to surgical treatment. This study aims to assess the outcome of BOTOX-A salivary glands infiltration in children with drooling. METHODS: Patients treated between January 2012 and March 2015 were enrolled. BOTOX-A was injected in the parotid and submandibular glands under ultrasound control and general inhalational anesthesia...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264748/factors-associated-with-patient-reported-subjective-well-being-among-advanced-lung-or-non-colonic-gastrointestinal-cancer-patients
#5
Sriram Yennurajalingam, Yu Jung Kim, Yi Zhang, Jichan Park, Joseph Arthur, Gary B Chisholm, Janet L Williams, Eduardo Bruera
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with a feeling of well-being using the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS)-Feeling of Well-Being item (ESAS-FWB; where 0 = best and 10 = worst) among advanced lung or non-colonic gastrointestinal cancer patients who were referred to an outpatient palliative care clinic (OPCC). We also examined the association of performance on the ESAS-FWB with overall survival (OS). METHOD: We reviewed the records of consecutive patients with incurable advanced lung cancer and non-colonic gastrointestinal cancer presenting to an OPCC from 1 January 2008 through to 31 December 2013...
March 7, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218967/representation-of-critical-natural-capital-in-china
#6
Yihe Lü, Liwei Zhang, Yuan Zeng, Bojie Fu, Charlotte Whitham, Shuguang Liu, Bingfang Wu
Traditional means of assessing representativeness of conservation value in protected areas depend on measures of structural biodiversity. The effectiveness of priority conservation areas at representing critical natural capital (CNC) (i.e., an essential and renewable subset of natural capital) remains largely unknown. We analyzed the representativeness of CNC-conservation priority areas in national nature reserves (i.e., nature reserves under jurisdiction of the central government with large spatial distribution across the provinces) in China with a new biophysical-based composite indicator approach...
February 20, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212954/evaluation-of-copd-treatments-a-multicriteria-decision-analysis-of-aclidinium-and-tiotropium-in-the-united-states
#7
Kevin Marsh, Erica Zaiser, Panagiotis Orfanos, Suzanne Salverda, Teresa Wilcox, Shawn Sun, Shailja Dixit
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of the use of aclidinium bromide and tiotropium bromide for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often concentrate on key end points (exacerbations) at the expense of other benefits and risks. Multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) can help overcome this by using stakeholder preferences to combine multiple end points into an overall value estimate. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of aclidinium bromide twice daily via Pressair™ (AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP, Wilmington, DE) and of tiotropium once daily via HandiHaler(®) (Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183396/denheart-differences-in-physical-and-mental-health-across-cardiac-diagnoses-at-hospital-discharge
#8
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Trine Bernholdt Rasmussen, Lars Thrysoee, Astrid Lauberg, Britt Borregaard, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Ola Ekholm, Knud Juel, Jette Rolf Svanholm
OBJECTIVE: To describe: (i) differences in patient reported physical and mental health outcomes at hospital discharge between a) cardiac diagnostic groups and b) cardiac patients and a national representative reference population and to describe (ii) in-hospital predicting factors for patient reported outcomes. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey combined with national register data. From April 2013 to April 2014 all patients (n=34,564) discharged or transferred from one of five Danish Heart Centres were invited to participate...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170431/bedside-or-not-bedside-evaluation-of-patient-satisfaction-in-intensive-medical-rehabilitation-wards
#9
Christophe Luthy, Patricia Francis Gerstel, Angela Pugliesi, Valérie Piguet, Anne-Françoise Allaz, Christine Cedraschi
BACKGROUND: Concerns that bedside presentation (BsP) rounds could make patients uncomfortable led many residency programs to move daily rounds outside the patients' room (OsPR). We performed a prospective quasi-experimental controlled study measuring the effect of these two approaches on patient satisfaction. METHODS: Patient satisfaction was measured using the Picker questionnaire (PiQ). Results are expressed in problematic percentage scores scaled from 0 = best-100 = worst...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156647/implementing-innovative-learner-centered-methods-to-teach-oncology-fellows-how-to-face-difficult-conversations
#10
Matthew Reilley, Jennifer Leigh McQuade, Walter F Baile, Daniel E Epner
27 Background: Oncologists engage in emotionally charged conversations with patients and families about prognosis, goals of care, and end of life transitions. Many oncologists lack key skills for guiding patients through such conversations. Key skills include posing open ended questions to elicit the patient's perspective, using silence effectively, and responding to emotion with empathy. We previously described a communication skills curriculum for first year medical oncology fellows consisting of a series of one hour monthly seminars (Epner and Baile, Academic Medicine, 2014)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156025/staff-experiences-of-appreciative-management-in-the-institutional-care-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Lena Astala, Mervi Roos, Merja Harmoinen, Tarja Suominen
PURPOSE/DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study describes staff experiences of appreciative management. METHODS: Data were collected by way of e-survey from staff (n = 87) working in the institutional care of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The Appreciative Management Scale (AMS 1.0) was used and data were analysed by statistical methods. FINDINGS: Overall, respondents experienced appreciative management as being well implemented, with equality as the best implemented dimension and systematic management the worst...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112129/transconjunctival-dacryocystorhinostomy-an-aesthetic-approach
#12
Anasua Ganguly, Kesarpu Ramarao, Samir Mohapatra, Suryasnata Rath
PURPOSE: To report the anatomical and cosmetic outcome of transconjunctival dacryocystorhinostomy (TDCR) in an Asian Indian population. METHODS: TDCR was initially performed in cadaver eyes followed by patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). This was a prospective noncomparative case series of all consecutive TDCRs performed between April 2013 and June 2015. Outcome measures were anatomical patency, epiphora, presence of diplopia, aesthetic outcome, and health status...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088420/exploring-expert-opinion-on-the-practicality-and-effectiveness-of-biosecurity-measures-on-dairy-farms-in-the-united-kingdom-using-choice-modeling
#13
Orla Shortall, Martin Green, Marnie Brennan, Wendela Wapenaar, Jasmeet Kaler
Biosecurity, defined as a series of measures aiming to stop disease-causing agents entering or leaving an area where farm animals are present, is very important for the continuing economic viability of the United Kingdom dairy sector, and for animal welfare. This study gathered expert opinion from farmers, veterinarians, consultants, academics, and government and industry representatives on the practicality and effectiveness of different biosecurity measures on dairy farms. The study used best-worst scaling, a technique that allows for greater discrimination between choices and avoids the variability in interpretation associated with other methods, such as Likert scales and ranking methods...
March 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064379/investigating-social-inequalities-in-older-adults-dentition-and-the-role-of-dental-service-use-in-14-european-countries
#14
Jing Shen, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: Oral disease, despite being largely preventable, remains the most common chronic disease worldwide and has a significant negative impact on quality of life, particularly among older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study is the first to comprehensively and at a large scale (14 European countries) measure the social inequalities in the number of natural teeth (an informative oral health marker) in the over 50-year-old population and to investigate the extent to which such inequalities are attributable to dental service use...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028961/oral-health-and-quality-of-life-in-old-age-a-cross-sectional-pilot-project-in-germany-and-poland
#15
Katarzyna Skośkiewicz-Malinowska, Barbara Noack, Lars Kaderali, Barbara Malicka, Katrin Lorenz, Katarzyna Walczak, Marie-Theres Weber, Magdalena Mendak-Ziółko, Thomas Hoffmann, Marek Ziętek, Michael Walter, Urszula Kaczmarek, Christian Hannig, Małgorzata Radwan-Oczko, Michael Raedel
BACKGROUND: The process of ageing influences all dimensions of social life and personal well-being, but the influence of health on different dimensions of quality of life (QoL) among the elderly is rarely examined. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the pilot study is to test the feasibility of a comprehensive study design to evaluate general and dental health as well as QoL in a bi-national sample. In addition, this pilot study should allow for the exploration of potential interactions between QoL, socioeconomic, health and oral health variables...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991834/caregiver-treatment-preferences-for-children-with-a-new-versus-existing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis
#16
Susan dosReis, Alex Park, Xinyi Ng, Emily Frosch, Gloria Reeves, Charles Cunningham, Ellen M Janssen, John F P Bridges
OBJECTIVES: Parental experiences with managing their child's attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can influence priorities for treatment. This study aimed to identify the ADHD management options caregivers most prefer and to determine if preferences differ by time since initial ADHD diagnosis. METHODS: Primary caregivers (n = 184) of a child aged 4-14 years old in care for ADHD were recruited from January 2013 through March 2015 from community-based pediatric and mental health clinics and family support organizations across the state of Maryland...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973092/comparison-of-equity-weights-of-various-adverse-consequences-of-tobacco-use-a-best-worst-scaling-for-two-types-of-chinese-general-public
#17
T Mori, T Tsuge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972813/using-best-worst-scaling-choice-experiments-to-elicit-the-most-important-domains-of-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-singapore
#18
E J Uy, D Bautista, X Xin, Y B Cheung, S Thio, J Thumboo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968852/doctor-outpatient-communications-in-chinese-public-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Guanping Wang, Jinzhu Xie, Yinhuan Hu
BACKGROUND: Communication can be seen as the important component in medical care. The improvement of doctor-outpatient communication can improve not only the doctor-patient relationship, but also the quality of health care. In this study, we aimed to estimate whether the doctor-outpatient communication experience is satisfactory in Chinese public hospitals and how various factors affect this experience. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used a typical sampling survey...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942967/preferences-for-public-involvement-in-health-service-decisions-a-comparison-between-best-worst-scaling-and-trio-wise-stated-preference-elicitation-techniques
#20
Seda Erdem, Danny Campbell
Stated preference elicitation techniques, such as discrete choice experiments and best-worst scaling, are now widely used in health research to explore the public's choices and preferences. In this paper, we propose an alternative stated preference elicitation technique, which we refer to as 'trio-wise'. We explain this new technique, its relative advantages, modeling framework, and how it compares to the best-worst scaling method. To better illustrate the differences and similarities, we utilize best-worst scaling Case 2, where individuals make best and worst (most and least) choices for the attribute levels that describe a single profile...
December 10, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
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