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Best-worst scaling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349250/best-worst-scaling-survey-of-preferences-regarding-the-adverse-effects-of-tobacco-use-in-china
#1
Takeshi Mori, Takahiro Tsuge
We use best-worst scaling to assess two types of concern levels of the adverse consequences of smoking in China. While the smoking cessation policy has worked well in Taiwan, more than 1 million people in mainland China are estimated to die every year from tobacco use. This study compares the preferences of Chinese individuals in the two jurisdictions (mainland versus Taiwan) and explores the possibility of information-based interventions. The relative importance of 13 adverse effects was assessed by conducting a web-based survey on a sample of 480 Chinese participants...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336067/treatment-of-allergic-rhinitis-using-mobile-technology-with-real-world-data-the-mask-observational-pilot-study
#2
REVIEW
J Bousquet, S Arnavielhe, A Bedbrook, G Alexis-Alexandre, M van Eerd, R Murray, G W Canonica, M Illario, E Menditto, G Passalacqua, C Stellato, M Triggiani, P Carreiro-Martins, J Fonseca, M Morais Almeida, L Nogueira-Silva, A M Pereira, A Todo Bom, I Bosse, D Caimmi, P Demoly, P Devillier, J F Fontaine, J Just, G L Onorato, M L Kowalski, P Kuna, B Samolinski, J M Anto, J Mullol, A Valero, P V Tomazic, K C Bergmann, T Keil, L Klimek, R Mösgues, S Shamai, T Zuberbier, E Murphy, Peter McDowall, D Price, D Ryan, A Sheikh, N H Chavannes, W J Fokkens, V Kvedariene, A Valiulis, C Bachert, P W Hellings, I Kull, E Melén, M Wickman, C Bindslev-Jensen, E Eller, T Haahtela, E Valovirta, N G Papadopoulos, I Annesi-Maesano, M Bewick, S Bosnic-Anticevich, A A Cruz, G De Vries, B Gemicioglu, D Larenas-Linnemann, D Laune, E Mathieu-Dupas, R E O'Hehir, F Portejoie, V Siroux, O Spranger, O VandenPlas, A Yorgancioglu
BACKGROUND: Large observational implementation studies are needed to triangulate the findings from randomized control trials (RCTs) as they reflect "real world" everyday practice. In a pilot study, we attempted to provide additional and complementary insights on the real life treatment of allergic rhinitis using mobile technology. METHODS: A mobile phone app (Allergy Diary, freely available Google Play and Apple App stores) collects the data of daily visual analogue scales (VAS) for (i) overall allergic symptoms, (ii) nasal, ocular and asthma symptoms, (iii) work, as well as (iv) medication use using a treatment scroll list including all medications (prescribed and over the counter (OTC)) for rhinitis customized for 15 countries...
January 15, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330020/predictors-of-deep-brain-stimulation-outcome-in-tremor-patients
#3
Claire Sandoe, Vibhor Krishna, Diellor Basha, Francesco Sammartino, Joao Tatsch, Marina Picillo, Lazzaro di Biase, Yu-Yan Poon, Clement Hamani, Duemani Reddy, Renato P Munhoz, Andres M Lozano, William D Hutchison, Alfonso Fasano
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation of the ventro-intermedius nucleus of the thalamus is an established treatment for tremor of differing etiologies but factors that may predict the short- and especially long-term outcome of surgery are still largely unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the clinical, pharmacological, electrophysiological and anatomical features that might predict the initial response and preservation of benefit in all patients who underwent deep brain stimulation for tremor...
January 2, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329539/state-dependent-domicile-leaving-rates-in-anopheles-gambiae
#4
Simon P W Zappia, Alex M Chubaty, Bernard D Roitberg
BACKGROUND: Transmission of Plasmodium greatly depends on the foraging behaviour of its mosquito vector (Anopheles spp.). The accessibility of blood hosts and availability of plant sugar (i.e., nectar) sources, together with mosquito energy state, have been shown to modulate blood feeding (and thus biting rates) of anopheline mosquitoes. In this study, the influence of mosquito starvation status and availability of nectar on the decision of female Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes to leave a bed net-protected blood host was examined...
January 12, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329135/clinician-perceptions-of-the-importance-of-the-components-of-hospital-discharge-care-for-children
#5
Kevin Blaine, Jayne Rogers, Margaret R OʼNeill, Sarah McBride, Jennifer Faerber, Chris Feudtner, Jay G Berry
BACKGROUND: Discharging hospitalized children involves several different components, but their relative value is unknown. We assessed which discharge components are perceived as most and least important by clinicians. METHODS: March and June of 2014, we conducted an online discrete choice experiment (DCE) among national societies representing 704 nursing, physician, case management, and social work professionals from 46 states. The DCE consisted of 14 discharge care components randomly presented two at a time for a total of 28 choice tasks...
April 11, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322399/when-is-best-worst-best-a-comparison-of-best-worst-scaling-numeric-estimation-and-rating-scales-for-collection-of-semantic-norms
#6
Geoff Hollis, Chris Westbury
Large-scale semantic norms have become both prevalent and influential in recent psycholinguistic research. However, little attention has been directed towards understanding the methodological best practices of such norm collection efforts. We compared the quality of semantic norms obtained through rating scales, numeric estimation, and a less commonly used judgment format called best-worst scaling. We found that best-worst scaling usually produces norms with higher predictive validities than other response formats, and does so requiring less data to be collected overall...
January 10, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304525/low-self-rated-health-is-related-to-blood-hypercoagulability-in-patients-admitted-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#7
Roland von Känel, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Jean-Paul Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Ulrich Schnyder, Mary Princip
Self-rated health (SRH) is independently associated with all-cause mortality and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease. We examined whether SRH relates to haemostatic factors of a hypercoagulable state with prognostic impact in patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (MI). We assessed 190 patients (median age: 59 years; all Caucasian; 83% men) within 48 hours of an acute coronary intervention in terms of demographic factors, medical and psychiatric comorbidity, health behaviours, cardiac-related variables and psychosocial characteristics...
January 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303374/most-important-barriers-and-facilitators-of-hta-usage-in-decision-making-in-europe
#8
K L Cheung, S M A A Evers, H De Vries, P Levy, S Pokhrel, T Jones, M Danner, J Wentlandt, L Knufinke, S Mayer, M Hiligsmann
BACKGROUND: To enhance usage of health technology assessment (HTA) in decision-making, it is important to prioritise important barriers and facilitators to the uptake of HTA. This study aims to quantify and compare the relative importance of barriers and facilitators regarding the use of HTA in several European countries. METHODS: A survey containing two best-worst scaling (BWS) object case studies (i.e. barriers and facilitators) were conducted among 136 policy makers and HTA researchers from the Netherlands, Germany, France, and United Kingdom...
January 5, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279149/noise-characteristics-of-virtual-monoenergetic-images-from-a-novel-detector-based-spectral-ct-scanner
#9
Kevin Kalisz, Negin Rassouli, Amar Dhanantwari, David Jordan, Prabhakar Rajiah
AIM: To evaluate the noise characteristics of virtual monoenergetic images (VMI) obtained from a recently introduced dual-layer detector-based spectral CT (SDCT), both in a phantom and patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cylindrical Catphan® 600 phantom (The Phantom Library, Salem NY, USA) was scanned using the SDCT. Image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured in VMI from 40 to 200keV as well as conventional 120 kVp images...
January 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261695/comparing-the-self-perceived-quality-of-life-of-multimorbid-patients-and-the-general-population-using-the-eq-5d-3l
#10
Alexandra A N'Goran, Anouk Déruaz-Luyet, Dagmar M Haller, Andreas Zeller, Thomas Rosemann, Sven Streit, Lilli Herzig
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the self-perceived Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of multimorbid patients and the general population using health utilities (HU) and visual analogue scale (VAS) methods. METHODS: We analyzed data (n = 888) from a national, cross-sectional Swiss study of multimorbid patients recruited in primary care settings. Self-perceived HRQoL was assessed using the EQ-5D-3L instrument, composed of 1) a questionnaire on the five dimensions of mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression (EQ-5D dimensions), and 2) a 0-100 (0 = worst- and 100 = best-imaginable health status) VAS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248804/comparison-of-colloidal-silica-involved-fouling-behavior-in-three-membrane-distillation-configurations-using-ptfe-membrane
#11
Wenli Qin, Zongli Xie, Derrick Ng, Ying Ye, Xiaosheng Ji, Stephen Gray, Jianhua Zhang
Colloidal silica involved fouling behaviors in direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD), vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) and sweeping gas membrane distillation (SGMD) were studied. Three foulants were used in the experiments, including colloidal silica as representative of particulate foulants, calcium bicarbonate as dissolved inorganic foulant, and NOM (humic acid + alginate + BSA) as the dissolved organic foulant. The three types of fouants were combined to produce four different feed waters: silica alone; silica + calcium bicarbonate; silica + NOM; and silica + calcium bicarbonate + NOM...
December 5, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247881/college-students-perceived-benefit-to-risk-tradeoffs-for-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-stimulants-implications-for-intervention-designs
#12
Elissa M Ross, Amelia M Arria, Jessica P Brown, C Daniel Mullins, Jason Schiffman, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Susan dosReis
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the benefit-to-risk tradeoffs undergraduate students perceive when engaging in the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). This study examined the variation in college students' perceived risks and benefits for NPS. METHODS: An online survey was administered to 259 college students (ages 18-25) at six public universities who had engaged in NPS in the past year. A best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument assessed the relative importance of 12 perceived benefits and risks of NPS...
December 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241898/patient-preferences-for-device-aided-treatments-indicated-for-advanced-parkinson-disease
#13
Thomas Marshall, Amy Pugh, Angelyn Fairchild, Steven Hass
BACKGROUND: Effective treatment for advanced Parkinson disease (PD) uncontrolled with oral medication includes device-aided therapies such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) and continuous levodopa-carbidopa infusion to the duodenum via a portable pump. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to quantify patient preferences for attributes of these device-aided treatments. METHODS: We administered a Web-enabled survey to 401 patients in the United States...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224948/a-modified-foot-and-ankle-score-for-assessing-patient-outcomes-after-first-metatarsophalangeal-arthrodesis
#14
Hao Guo, Hai-Lin Xu, Hao Lu, Bao-Guo Jiang
First metatarsophalangeal (MTP) arthrodesis is commonly used to treat many end-stage first MTP diseases. The most widely used scale for measuring the clinical outcomes after this procedure, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal scale, has not been adequately validated and does not measure specific foot functions. Another outcome measure, the patient-reported Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) has acceptable construct validity but poor content validity. The FAOS scale has 42 questions, many of which are unrelated to the hallux...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224861/a-survey-of-selected-animal-based-measures-of-dairy-cattle-welfare-in-the-eastern-alps-toward-context-based-thresholds
#15
A Zuliani, M Mair, M Kraševec, I Lora, M Brscic, G Cozzi, C Leeb, M Zupan, C Winckler, S Bovolenta
In the Alps, traditional dairy farms are small-scale operations where vertical transhumance from valley indoor housing systems to highland pasture-based systems is still practiced in summer. Vertical transhumance implies a substantial change of environment, available resources, and management practices from one season to another. In such systems, animal-based welfare measures need to be monitored throughout the year to capture the variation of welfare outcomes, based on which targeted welfare management plans can be implemented...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212536/towards-healthy-learning-climates-in-postgraduate-medical-education-exploring-the-role-of-hospital-wide-education-committees
#16
Milou E W M Silkens, Kiki M J M H Lombarts, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Onyebuchi A Arah
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical education prepares residents for delivery of high quality patient care during training as well as for later practice, which makes high quality residency training programs crucial to safeguard patient care. Healthy learning climates contribute to high quality postgraduate medical education. In several countries, modernization of postgraduate medical education has resulted in hospital-wide responsibilities for monitoring learning climates. This study investigates the association between the actions undertaken by hospital-wide education committees and learning climates in postgraduate medical education...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194169/quality-of-life-of-adult-survivors-after-extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-a-quantitative-study
#17
Alessandro Galazzi, Alessandra Brambilla, Giacomo Grasselli, Antonio Pesenti, Roberto Fumagalli, Alberto Lucchini
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) is a technique used in the treatment of patients with severe respiratory failure. A lot of studies in the literature investigated the survival rate of patients treated with ECMO, but few are those that assess the long-term outcomes and the quality of life (QoL) of survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study with prospective QoL assessment through administration of the questionnaire EuroQol-5 Dimension was conducted in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients who h ad ECMO as a rescue therapy for reversible refractory hypoxemia from January 2013 until December 2015 in an Italian referral ECMO center...
January 2018: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191758/the-association-between-experiences-with-patient-centred-care-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-women-with-endometriosis
#18
Silke Apers, Eline A F Dancet, Johanna W M Aarts, Kirsten B Kluivers, Thomas M D'Hooghe, Willianne L D M Nelen
In this cross-sectional study, we investigated whether patient-centred endometriosis care (PCEC) is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Dutch-speaking women with endometriosis, treated by laparoscopy in a university clinic between 2009 and 2010, were eligible (n = 194). Endometriosis Health Profile-30 and ENDOCARE questionnaire were used to assess HRQOL and PCEC, respectively. Overall and subscale scores were converted to a scale from 0 (best score) to 100 (worst score). Linear regression analyses were conducted while controlling for confounders...
October 27, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183074/effect-of-oral-capsule-vs-colonoscopy-delivered-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-on-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dina Kao, Brandi Roach, Marisela Silva, Paul Beck, Kevin Rioux, Gilaad G Kaplan, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Stephanie Coward, Karen J Goodman, Huiping Xu, Karen Madsen, Andrew Mason, Gane Ka-Shu Wong, Juan Jovel, Jordan Patterson, Thomas Louie
Importance: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is effective in preventing recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (RCDI). However, it is not known whether clinical efficacy differs by route of delivery. Objective: To determine whether FMT by oral capsule is noninferior to colonoscopy delivery in efficacy. Design, Setting, and Participants: Noninferiority, unblinded, randomized trial conducted in 3 academic centers in Alberta, Canada...
November 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180544/dynamic-electronic-health-record-note-prototype-seeing-more-by-showing-less
#20
Jeffery L Belden, Richelle J Koopman, Sonal J Patil, Nathan J Lowrance, Gregory F Petroski, Jamie B Smith
INTRODUCTION: Cluttered documentation may contribute adversely to physician readers' cognitive load, inadvertently obscuring high-value information with less valuable information. We test the hypothesis that a novel, collapsible assessment, plan, subjective, objective (APSO) note design would be faster, more accurate, and more satisfying to use than a conventional electronic health record (EHR) subjective, objective, assessment, plan (SOAP) note for finding information needed for ambulatory chronic disease care...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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