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Best-worst scaling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706861/nutech-functional-score-a-novel-scoring-system-to-assess-spinal-cord-injury-patients
#1
Geeta Shroff, Jitendra Kumar Barthakur
AIM: To develop a new scoring system, nutech functional scores (NFS) for assessing the patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: The conventional scale, American Spinal Injury Association's (ASIA) impairment scale is a measure which precisely describes the severity of the SCI. However, it has various limitations which lead to incomplete assessment of SCI patients. We have developed a 63 point scoring system, i.e., NFS for patients suffering with SCI. A list of symptoms either common or rare that were found to be associated with SCI was recorded for each patient...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704074/quantifying-the-relative-importance-to-patients-of-avoiding-symptoms-and-outcomes-of-heart-failure
#2
A Brett Hauber, Engels N Obi, Mark A Price, Diane Whalley, Chun-Lan Chang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate heart failure (HF) patients' disease knowledge and preferences for avoiding different disease outcomes. METHODS: An online survey was administered to 400 individuals with a self-reported diagnosis of HF to elicit relative importance weights (RIWs) for avoiding 11 potential HF symptoms and outcomes using best-worst scaling. The survey also included questions about individuals' HF knowledge, and demographic and disease-experience characteristics...
July 13, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683760/quality-of-multiple-sclerosis-out-patient-health-care-services-with-focus-on-patient-reported-experiences
#3
Anne Marit Solheim, Åse Mygland, Unn Ljøstad
BACKGROUND: To investigate multiple sclerosis (MS) patients' satisfaction with out-patient follow-up in a general neurological hospital department. Patients with definite MS living in Vest-Agder county, Norway were invited to answer a questionnaire comprising one question regarding overall satisfaction, and 24 questions regarding demographics, disease characteristics, and experiences with different aspects of the health care services. RESULTS: Out of 330 invited patients, 159 responded (48%)...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636351/heats-of-formation-of-medium-size-organic-compounds-from-contemporary-electronic-structure-methods
#4
Yury Minenkov, Heng Wang, Zhandong Wang, S Mani Sarathy, Luigi Cavallo
Computational electronic structure calculations are routinely undertaken to predict thermodynamic properties of the various species. However, the application of highly accurate wave function theory methods, such as the "gold standard" coupled cluster approach including single, double and partly triple excitations in perturbative fashion, CCSD(T), to large molecules is limited due to high computational cost. In this work, the promising domain based local pair natural orbital coupled cluster approach, DLPNO-CCSD(T), has been tested to reproduce 113 accurate formation enthalpies of medium-size molecules (few dozens heavy atoms) important for bio- and combustion chemistry via the reaction based Feller-Peterson-Dixon approach...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628585/building-data-and-information-capacity-in-environmental-public-health-a-best-worst-scaling-experiment
#5
Lauren E Wallar, Jan M Sargeant, Scott A McEwen, Nicola J Mercer, Andrew Papadopoulos
CONTEXT: Environmental public health practitioners rely on information technology (IT) to maintain and improve environmental health. However, current systems have limited capacity. A better understanding of the importance of IT features is needed to enhance data and information capacity. OBJECTIVE: (1) Rank IT features according to the percentage of respondents who rated them as essential to an information management system and (2) quantify the relative importance of a subset of these features using best-worst scaling...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623903/religious-coping-methods-predict-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Paulo Roberto Santos, José Roberto Frota Gomes Capote Júnior, José Renan Miranda Cavalcante Filho, Ticianne Pinto Ferreira, José Nilson Gadelha Dos Santos Filho, Stênio da Silva Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Poor quality of life (QOL) and a high prevalence of depression have been identified among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We aimed to evaluate the associations between religious/spiritual (R/S) coping methods and both QOL and depression among ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: The sample included 161 ESRD patients over 18 years of age who had been undergoing HD for more than 3 months. R/S coping methods were assessed using the Religious Coping Questionnaire (RCOPE)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577698/eliciting-preferences-for-clinical-follow-up-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-using-best-worst-scaling
#7
Michela Meregaglia, John Cairns, Salvatore Alfieri, Federica Favales, Daniela Mazzitelli, Ester Orlandi, Lisa Licitra, Paolo Bossi
OBJECTIVES: There are no commonly accepted standards for monitoring patients treated for head and neck cancer. The aim of this study was to assess patients' preferences for different aspects of follow-up. METHODS: A best-worst survey was conducted in a sample of head and neck cancer patients in clinical follow-up at the National Cancer Institute (Milan, Italy). Conditional logit regression with choice as the dependent variable was run to analyse the data. A covariate-adjusted analysis was performed in order to identify socio-demographic and clinical factors related to the selection of best-worst items...
June 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550657/scoring-best-worst-data-in-unbalanced-many-item-designs-with-applications-to-crowdsourcing-semantic-judgments
#8
Geoff Hollis
Best-worst scaling is a judgment format in which participants are presented with a set of items and have to choose the superior and inferior items in the set. Best-worst scaling generates a large quantity of information per judgment because each judgment allows for inferences about the rank value of all unjudged items. This property of best-worst scaling makes it a promising judgment format for research in psychology and natural language processing concerned with estimating the semantic properties of tens of thousands of words...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542394/incorporating-public-priorities-in-the-ocean-health-index-canada-as-a-case-study
#9
Rémi M Daigle, Philippe Archambault, Benjamin S Halpern, Julia S Stewart Lowndes, Isabelle M Côté
The Ocean Health Index (OHI) is a framework to assess ocean health by considering many benefits (called 'goals') provided by the ocean provides to humans, such as food provision, tourism opportunities, and coastal protection. The OHI framework can be used to assess marine areas at global or regional scales, but how various OHI goals should be weighted to reflect priorities at those scales remains unclear. In this study, we adapted the framework in two ways for application to Canada as a case study. First, we customized the OHI goals to create a national Canadian Ocean Health Index (COHI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542362/a-window-dea-based-efficiency-evaluation-of-the-public-hospital-sector-in-greece-during-the-5-year-economic-crisis
#10
Angeliki Flokou, Vassilis Aletras, Dimitris Niakas
The main objective of this study was to apply the non-parametric method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of Greek NHS hospitals between 2009-2013. Hospitals were divided into four separate groups with common characteristics which allowed comparisons to be carried out in the context of increased homogeneity. The window-DEA method was chosen since it leads to increased discrimination on the results especially when applied to small samples and it enables year-by-year comparisons of the results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508489/prediction-of-whole-genome-risk-for-selection-and-management-of-hyperketonemia-in-holstein-dairy-cattle
#11
K A Weigel, R S Pralle, H Adams, K Cho, C Do, H M White
Hyperketonemia (HYK), a common early postpartum health disorder characterized by elevated blood concentrations of β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), affects millions of dairy cows worldwide and leads to significant economic losses and animal welfare concerns. In this study, blood concentrations of BHB were assessed for 1,453 Holstein cows using electronic handheld meters at four time points between 5 and 18 days postpartum. Incidence rates of subclinical (1.2 ≤ maximum BHB ≤ 2.9 mmol/L) and clinical ketosis (maximum BHB ≥ 3...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508354/patient-and-public-preferences-for-treatment-attributes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Marieke G M Weernink, Janine A van Til, Catharina G M Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: Patient and public preferences for therapeutic outcomes or medical technologies are often elicited, and discordance between the two is frequently reported. OBJECTIVE: Our main objective was to compare patient and public preferences for treatment attributes in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A representative sample from Dutch PD patients and the general public were invited to complete a best-worst scaling case 2 experiment consisting of six health-related outcomes and one attribute describing the specific treatment (brain surgery, pump, oral medication)...
May 15, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470994/patient-preference-for-radial-versus-femoral-vascular-access-for-elective-coronary-procedures-the-prevas-study
#13
Marlies M Kok, Marieke G M Weernink, Clemens von Birgelen, Anneloes Fens, Liefke C van der Heijden, Janine A van Til
OBJECTIVES: To explore patient preference for vascular access site in percutaneous coronary procedures, the perceived importance of benefits and risks of transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA) were assessed. In addition, direct preference for vascular access and preference for shared decision making (SDM) were evaluated. BACKGROUND: TRA has gained significant ground on TFA during the last decades. Surveys on patient preference have mostly been performed in dedicated TRA trials...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454828/aerobic-exercise-training-and-general-health-status-in-ambulatory-heart-failure-patients-with-a-reduced-ejection-fraction-findings-from-the-heart-failure-and-a-controlled-trial-investigating-outcomes-of-exercise-training-hf-action-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew P Ambrosy, Lukasz P Cerbin, Adam D DeVore, Stephen J Greene, William E Kraus, Christopher M O'Connor, Ileana L Piña, David J Whellan, Daniel Wojdyla, Angie Wu, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Although aerobic exercise improves quality of life as assessed by a disease-specific instrument in ambulatory HF patients with a reduced ejection fraction (EF), the impact of an exercise intervention on general health status has not been previously reported. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed of the HF-ACTION trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT00047437), which enrolled 2331 medically stable outpatients with HF and an EF ≤35% and randomized them to aerobic exercise training, consisting of 36 supervised sessions followed by home-based training versus usual care for a median follow-up of 30 months...
April 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429290/association-of-long-term-patterns-of-depressive-symptoms-and-attention-executive-function-among-older-men-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#15
Nicole M Armstrong, Pamela J Surkan, Glenn J Treisman, Ned C Sacktor, Michael R Irwin, Linda A Teplin, Ron Stall, Eileen M Martin, James T Becker, Cynthia Munro, Andrew J Levine, Lisa P Jacobson, Alison G Abraham
Older HIV-infected men are at higher risk for both depression and cognitive impairments, compared to HIV-uninfected men. We evaluated the association between longitudinal patterns of depressive symptoms and attention/executive function in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected men aged 50+ years to understand whether HIV infection influenced the long-term effect of depression on attention/executive function. Responses to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale and attention/executive function tests (Trail Making Test Part B and Symbol Digit Modalities Test) were collected semiannually from May 1986 to April 2015 in 1611 men...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421243/assessment-of-70-kev-virtual-monoenergetic-spectral-images-in-abdominal-ct-imaging-a-comparison-study-to-conventional-polychromatic-120-kvp-images
#16
Negin Rassouli, Hamid Chalian, Prabhakar Rajiah, Amar Dhanantwari, Luis Landeras
PURPOSE: To evaluate the image quality of 70-keV virtual monoenergetic (monoE) abdominal CT images compared to 120-kVp polychromatic images generated from a spectral detector CT (SDCT) scanner. METHODS: This prospective study included generation of a 120-kVp polychromatic dataset and a 70-keV virtual monoE dataset after a single contrast-enhanced CT acquisition on a SDCT scanner (Philips Healthcare) during portal venous phase. The attenuation values (HU), noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured in the liver, spleen, pancreas, kidney, aorta, portal vein, and muscle...
April 18, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419385/development-and-feasibility-of-a-group-based-therapeutic-yoga-program-for-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#17
Alison J Huang, Tami S Rowen, Priscilla Abercrombie, Leslee L Subak, Michael Schembri, Traci Plaut, Maria T Chao
Objective.:  To develop a group-based therapeutic yoga program for women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and explore the effects of this program on pain severity, sexual function, and well-being. Methods.:  A yoga therapy program for CPP was developed by a multidisciplinary panel of clinicians, researchers, and yoga consultants. Women reporting moderate to severe pelvic pain for at least six months were recruited into a single-arm trial. Participants attended twice weekly group classes focusing on Iyengar-based yoga techniques and were instructed to practice yoga at home an hour a week for six weeks...
April 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416027/pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-treatment-preferences-of-healthcare-professionals-and-proxies-for-challenging-behaviors-in-patients-with-dementia
#18
Sarah I Janus, Jeannette G van Manen, Janine A van Til, Sytse U Zuidema, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: Prescribing antipsychotics to patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms is a matter of concern. Physicians have to make treatment decisions for patients with dementia together with proxies and/or nurses. However, it is unknown whether physicians, nurses, and proxies' treatment preferences are aligned; hence this study. METHODS: Sixteen treatment attributes were selected to elicit the preferences of physicians and nurses. Ten of these attributes were used for the proxies...
April 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412569/a-comparison-of-the-abilities-of-the-usle-m-rusle2-and-wepp-to-model-event-erosion-from-bare-fallow-areas
#19
P I A Kinnell
Traditionally, the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and the revised version of it (RUSLE) have been applied to predicting the long term average soil loss produced by rainfall erosion in many parts of the world. Overtime, it has been recognized that there is a need to predict soil losses over shorter time scales and this has led to the development of WEPP and RUSLE2 which can be used to predict soil losses generated by individual rainfall events. Data currently exists that enables the RUSLE2, WEPP and the USLE-M to estimate historic soil losses from bare fallow runoff and soil loss plots recorded in the USLE database...
April 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404067/continuous-wound-infiltration-versus-epidural-analgesia-after-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery-pop-up-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#20
Timothy H Mungroop, Denise P Veelo, Olivier R Busch, Susan van Dieren, Thomas M van Gulik, Tom M Karsten, Steve M de Castro, Marc B Godfried, Bram Thiel, Markus W Hollmann, Philipp Lirk, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is the international standard for pain treatment in abdominal surgery. Although some studies have advocated continuous wound infiltration with local anaesthetics, robust evidence is lacking, especially on patient-reported outcome measures. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of continuous wound infiltration in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. METHODS: In this randomised controlled, open label, non-inferiority trial (POP-UP), we enrolled adult patients undergoing hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery by subcostal or midline laparotomy in two Dutch hospitals...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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