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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542394/incorporating-public-priorities-in-the-ocean-health-index-canada-as-a-case-study
#1
Rémi M Daigle, Philippe Archambault, Benjamin S Halpern, Julia S Stewart Lowndes, Isabelle M Côté
The Ocean Health Index (OHI) is a framework to assess ocean health by considering many benefits (called 'goals') provided by the ocean provides to humans, such as food provision, tourism opportunities, and coastal protection. The OHI framework can be used to assess marine areas at global or regional scales, but how various OHI goals should be weighted to reflect priorities at those scales remains unclear. In this study, we adapted the framework in two ways for application to Canada as a case study. First, we customized the OHI goals to create a national Canadian Ocean Health Index (COHI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542362/a-window-dea-based-efficiency-evaluation-of-the-public-hospital-sector-in-greece-during-the-5-year-economic-crisis
#2
Angeliki Flokou, Vassilis Aletras, Dimitris Niakas
The main objective of this study was to apply the non-parametric method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of Greek NHS hospitals between 2009-2013. Hospitals were divided into four separate groups with common characteristics which allowed comparisons to be carried out in the context of increased homogeneity. The window-DEA method was chosen since it leads to increased discrimination on the results especially when applied to small samples and it enables year-by-year comparisons of the results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508489/prediction-of-whole-genome-risk-for-selection-and-management-of-hyperketonemia-in-holstein-dairy-cattle
#3
K A Weigel, R S Pralle, H Adams, K Cho, C Do, H M White
Hyperketonemia (HYK), a common early postpartum health disorder characterized by elevated blood concentrations of β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), affects millions of dairy cows worldwide and leads to significant economic losses and animal welfare concerns. In this study, blood concentrations of BHB were assessed for 1,453 Holstein cows using electronic handheld meters at four time points between 5 and 18 days postpartum. Incidence rates of subclinical (1.2 ≤ maximum BHB ≤ 2.9 mmol/L) and clinical ketosis (maximum BHB ≥ 3...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508354/patient-and-public-preferences-for-treatment-attributes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Marieke G M Weernink, Janine A van Til, Catharina G M Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: Patient and public preferences for therapeutic outcomes or medical technologies are often elicited, and discordance between the two is frequently reported. OBJECTIVE: Our main objective was to compare patient and public preferences for treatment attributes in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A representative sample from Dutch PD patients and the general public were invited to complete a best-worst scaling case 2 experiment consisting of six health-related outcomes and one attribute describing the specific treatment (brain surgery, pump, oral medication)...
May 15, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470994/patient-preference-for-radial-versus-femoral-vascular-access-for-elective-coronary-procedures-the-prevas-study
#5
Marlies M Kok, Marieke G M Weernink, Clemens von Birgelen, Anneloes Fens, Liefke C van der Heijden, Janine A van Til
OBJECTIVES: To explore patient preference for vascular access site in percutaneous coronary procedures, the perceived importance of benefits and risks of transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA) were assessed. In addition, direct preference for vascular access and preference for shared decision making (SDM) were evaluated. BACKGROUND: TRA has gained significant ground on TFA during the last decades. Surveys on patient preference have mostly been performed in dedicated TRA trials...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454828/aerobic-exercise-training-and-general-health-status-in-ambulatory-heart-failure-patients-with-a-reduced-ejection-fraction-findings-from-the-heart-failure-and-a-controlled-trial-investigating-outcomes-of-exercise-training-hf-action-trial
#6
Andrew P Ambrosy, Lukasz P Cerbin, Adam D DeVore, Stephen J Greene, William E Kraus, Christopher M O'Connor, Ileana L Piña, David J Whellan, Daniel Wojdyla, Angie Wu, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Although aerobic exercise improves quality of life as assessed by a disease-specific instrument in ambulatory HF patients with a reduced ejection fraction (EF), the impact of an exercise intervention on general health status has not been previously reported. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed of the HF-ACTION trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT00047437), which enrolled 2331 medically stable outpatients with HF and an EF ≤35% and randomized them to aerobic exercise training, consisting of 36 supervised sessions followed by home-based training versus usual care for a median follow-up of 30 months...
April 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429290/association-of-long-term-patterns-of-depressive-symptoms-and-attention-executive-function-among-older-men-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#7
Nicole M Armstrong, Pamela J Surkan, Glenn J Treisman, Ned C Sacktor, Michael R Irwin, Linda A Teplin, Ron Stall, Eileen M Martin, James T Becker, Cynthia Munro, Andrew J Levine, Lisa P Jacobson, Alison G Abraham
Older HIV-infected men are at higher risk for both depression and cognitive impairments, compared to HIV-uninfected men. We evaluated the association between longitudinal patterns of depressive symptoms and attention/executive function in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected men aged 50+ years to understand whether HIV infection influenced the long-term effect of depression on attention/executive function. Responses to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale and attention/executive function tests (Trail Making Test Part B and Symbol Digit Modalities Test) were collected semiannually from May 1986 to April 2015 in 1611 men...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421243/assessment-of-70-kev-virtual-monoenergetic-spectral-images-in-abdominal-ct-imaging-a-comparison-study-to-conventional-polychromatic-120-kvp-images
#8
Negin Rassouli, Hamid Chalian, Prabhakar Rajiah, Amar Dhanantwari, Luis Landeras
PURPOSE: To evaluate the image quality of 70-keV virtual monoenergetic (monoE) abdominal CT images compared to 120-kVp polychromatic images generated from a spectral detector CT (SDCT) scanner. METHODS: This prospective study included generation of a 120-kVp polychromatic dataset and a 70-keV virtual monoE dataset after a single contrast-enhanced CT acquisition on a SDCT scanner (Philips Healthcare) during portal venous phase. The attenuation values (HU), noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured in the liver, spleen, pancreas, kidney, aorta, portal vein, and muscle...
April 18, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419385/development-and-feasibility-of-a-group-based-therapeutic-yoga-program-for-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#9
Alison J Huang, Tami S Rowen, Priscilla Abercrombie, Leslee L Subak, Michael Schembri, Traci Plaut, Maria T Chao
Objective.:  To develop a group-based therapeutic yoga program for women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and explore the effects of this program on pain severity, sexual function, and well-being. Methods.:  A yoga therapy program for CPP was developed by a multidisciplinary panel of clinicians, researchers, and yoga consultants. Women reporting moderate to severe pelvic pain for at least six months were recruited into a single-arm trial. Participants attended twice weekly group classes focusing on Iyengar-based yoga techniques and were instructed to practice yoga at home an hour a week for six weeks...
April 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416027/pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-treatment-preferences-of-healthcare-professionals-and-proxies-for-challenging-behaviors-in-patients-with-dementia
#10
Sarah I Janus, Jeannette G van Manen, Janine A van Til, Sytse U Zuidema, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: Prescribing antipsychotics to patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms is a matter of concern. Physicians have to make treatment decisions for patients with dementia together with proxies and/or nurses. However, it is unknown whether physicians, nurses, and proxies' treatment preferences are aligned; hence this study. METHODS: Sixteen treatment attributes were selected to elicit the preferences of physicians and nurses. Ten of these attributes were used for the proxies...
April 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412569/a-comparison-of-the-abilities-of-the-usle-m-rusle2-and-wepp-to-model-event-erosion-from-bare-fallow-areas
#11
P I A Kinnell
Traditionally, the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and the revised version of it (RUSLE) have been applied to predicting the long term average soil loss produced by rainfall erosion in many parts of the world. Overtime, it has been recognized that there is a need to predict soil losses over shorter time scales and this has led to the development of WEPP and RUSLE2 which can be used to predict soil losses generated by individual rainfall events. Data currently exists that enables the RUSLE2, WEPP and the USLE-M to estimate historic soil losses from bare fallow runoff and soil loss plots recorded in the USLE database...
April 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404067/continuous-wound-infiltration-versus-epidural-analgesia-after-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery-pop-up-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#12
Timothy H Mungroop, Denise P Veelo, Olivier R Busch, Susan van Dieren, Thomas M van Gulik, Tom M Karsten, Steve M de Castro, Marc B Godfried, Bram Thiel, Markus W Hollmann, Philipp Lirk, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is the international standard for pain treatment in abdominal surgery. Although some studies have advocated continuous wound infiltration with local anaesthetics, robust evidence is lacking, especially on patient-reported outcome measures. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of continuous wound infiltration in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. METHODS: In this randomised controlled, open label, non-inferiority trial (POP-UP), we enrolled adult patients undergoing hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery by subcostal or midline laparotomy in two Dutch hospitals...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394874/a-typology-for-charting-socioeconomic-mortality-gradients-go-south-west
#13
Tony Blakely, George Disney, June Atkinson, Andrea Teng, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: Holistic depiction of time-trends in average mortality rates, and absolute and relative inequalities, is challenging. METHODS: We outline a typology for situations with falling average mortality rates (m↓; e.g. cardiovascular disease), rates stable over time (m-; e.g. some cancers), and increasing average mortality rates (m↑; e.g. suicide in some contexts). If we consider inequality trends on both the absolute (a) and relative (r) scales, there are 13 possible combination of m, a, and r trends over time...
April 5, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385173/novel-augmentation-strategies-in-major-depression
#14
Klaus Martiny
Hypothesis The hypotheses of all the four included studies share the common idea that it is possible to augment the effect of antidepressant drug treatment by applying different interventions and with each intervention attain a clinically meaningful better effect compared to a control condition, and with minor side effects, thus improving the short- and medium-term outcome in major depression. Procedures Study design The basic study design has been the double blind randomised controlled trial (RCT). In the light therapy study, all patients were treated with sertraline for the whole of the study duration...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373799/adaptation-to-turkish-and-reliability-study-of-the-revised-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-functional-rating-scale-alsfrs-r
#15
Filiz Koç, Mehmet Balal, Turgay Demir, Z Nazan Alparslan, Yakup Sarica
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disease characterized by progressive degeneration of the motor neurons. It is difficult to define the severity of the clinical findings of this destructive disease owing to its rapid progression, which presents serious alterations in a short time even in the same patient. The present study was designed to evaulate the validity of the Turkish version of the Revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R), which has been used in various countries for measuring the functional status of ALS patients...
September 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368301/downscaling-land-surface-temperature-in-complex-regions-by-using-multiple-scale-factors-with-adaptive-thresholds
#16
Yingbao Yang, Xiaolong Li, Xin Pan, Yong Zhang, Chen Cao
Many downscaling algorithms have been proposed to address the issue of coarse-resolution land surface temperature (LST) derived from available satellite-borne sensors. However, few studies have focused on improving LST downscaling in urban areas with several mixed surface types. In this study, LST was downscaled by a multiple linear regression model between LST and multiple scale factors in mixed areas with three or four surface types. The correlation coefficients (CCs) between LST and the scale factors were used to assess the importance of the scale factors within a moving window...
April 1, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360809/social-cognition-in-schizophrenia-patients-and-their-first-degree-relatives
#17
Rukiye Ay, Ömer Böke, Ozan Pazvantoğlu, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Güz
INTRODUCTION: Social cognition is a person's ability to configure the designs of relationships between themselves and others and to use these designs to guide social behaviors in a flexible manner. The models that are the most studied and describe social cognition are the theory of mind (ToM) and emotion recognition. This study was aimed to detect ToM and emotion recognition disorders in schizophrenia patients and their first-degree relatives. METHODS: Thirty schizophrenia patients in remission, the first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients (n=30), and 30 healthy volunteers who were paired with the patients in terms of age and duration of education were included in the study...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#18
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291891/effect-of-inpatient-rehabilitation-vs-a-monitored-home-based-program-on-mobility-in-patients-with-total-knee-arthroplasty-the-hiho-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mark A Buhagiar, Justine M Naylor, Ian A Harris, Wei Xuan, Friedbert Kohler, Rachael Wright, Renee Fortunato
Importance: Formal rehabilitation programs, including inpatient programs, are often assumed to optimize recovery among patients after undergoing total knee arthroplasty. However, these programs have not been compared with any outpatient or home-based programs. Objective: To determine whether 10 days of inpatient rehabilitation followed by a monitored home-based program after total knee arthroplasty provided greater improvements than a monitored home-based program alone in mobility, function, and quality of life...
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286592/opinions-and-preferences-of-british-columbia-pharmacists-and-physicians-on-medication-management-services
#20
Nicole W Tsao, Amir Khakban, Louise Gastonguay, Zafar Zafari, Larry D Lynd, Carlo A Marra
BACKGROUND: Medication management (MM) services are being provided by pharmacists across Canada in various forms, but pharmacist-physician collaboration is still not a routine practice in most jurisdictions. This survey aimed to gather pharmacists' and physicians' opinions and preferences for MM provision. METHODS: Two parallel, cross-sectional online surveys, including best-worst scaling tasks, were designed for pharmacists and physicians in British Columbia to capture and compare their preferences for a number of attributes of MM...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
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