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nutrition and bariatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921048/surgical-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Norbert Runkel, Rainer Brydniak
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is gastrointestinal surgery for weight control, and metabolic surgery refers to the use of surgery to primarily and purposely treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)/metabolic syndrome mellitus. METHODS: The most recent literature was reviewed for surgery and T2DM in a non-systematic fashion. RESULTS: Roux-Y gastric bypass, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the dominant procedures today...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899816/bariatric-surgery-for-obesity-and-metabolic-disorders-state-of-the-art
#2
REVIEW
Ninh T Nguyen, J Esteban Varela
Obesity is one of the most important public health conditions worldwide. Bariatric surgery for severe obesity is an effective treatment that results in the improvement and remission of many obesity-related comorbidities, as well as providing sustained weight loss and improvement in quality of life. Contemporary bariatric operations include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band and the duodenal switch. The vast majority of these procedures are now performed using laparoscopic technique, the main advantages of which include rapid recovery, the reduction of postoperative pain and the reduction of wound-related complications, compared with open surgery...
November 30, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896648/clinical-and-metabolic-effects-of-biliopancreatic-diversion-persist-after-reduction-of-the-gastric-pouch-and-elongation-of-the-common-alimentary-tract-preliminary-report-in-a-series-of-patients-with-a-10-year-follow-up
#3
Valerio Ceriani, Francesco Cetta, Tiziana Lodi, Ferdinando Pinna, Antonio E Pontiroli
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a bariatric technique burdened, in some instances, by clinical evidence of malabsorption and malnutrition, and by intractable diarrhea. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess metabolic and nutritional effects on patients undergoing BPD and BPD plus revisional surgery because of side effects. METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive BPD patients underwent revisional surgery (elongation of the common limb from 50 to 200 cm and reduction of the gastric pouch from 500 to 40 ml) after a median 48-month period [48...
November 29, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887932/assessing-national-provision-of-care-variability-in-bariatric-clinical-care-pathways
#4
Dana A Telem, Saniea F Majid, Kinga Powers, Eric DeMaria, John Morton, Daniel B Jones
BACKGROUND: The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QIPS) Committee hypothesized that collecting and sharing clinical pathways could provide a valuable resource to new and existing bariatric programs. OBJECTIVE: To shed light on the variability in practice patterns across the country by analyzing pathways. SETTING: United States Centers of Excellence METHODS: From June 2014 to April 2015, clinical pathways pertaining to preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management of bariatric patients were solicited from the ASMBS executive council (EC), QIPS committee members, and state chapter presidents...
August 3, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885532/whey-protein-supplementation-enhances-body-fat-and-weight-loss-in-women-long-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Daniela Lopes Gomes, Milene Moehlecke, Fernanda Bassan Lopes da Silva, Eliane Said Dutra, Beatriz D'Agord Schaan, Kenia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The ideal nutritional approach for weight regain after bariatric surgery remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the effect of whey protein supplementation on weight loss and body composition of women who regained weight 24 or more months after bariatric surgery. METHODS: This is a 16-week open-label, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial of women who regained at least 5 % of their lowest postoperative weight after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
November 24, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864536/influence-of-dietary-protein-and-its-amino-acid-composition-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
Merel van den Broek, Loek J M de Heide, Nic J G M Veeger, Alies M van der Wal-Oost, André P van Beek
CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery is an effective method to reduce morbid obesity. Nutritional counseling is essential to achieve maximal treatment success and to avoid long-term complications. Increased dietary protein intake may improve various postoperative results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to examine the relationship between intake of dietary protein or supplementation with amino acids and postoperative outcomes after gastric bypass surgery. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases: Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus...
December 2016: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855237/insulin-autoimmune-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-postprandial-hypoglycemia
#7
Pooja Sahni, Nitin Trivedi, Abdulkadir Omer
: A 65-year-old obese Caucasian woman presented with symptomatic postprandial hypoglycemic episodes, resolution of symptoms with carbohydrate intake and significantly elevated anti-insulin antibody levels. She did not have any evidence for the use of oral antidiabetic medications, insulin, herbal substances, performing strenuous exercise or history of bariatric surgery. Fingerstick blood glucose readings revealed blood sugar of 35 mg/dL and 48 mg/dL, when she had these symptoms. Her medical history was significant for morbid obesity, hypothyroidism and gastro esophageal reflux disease...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849660/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-bariatric-surgery-readmissions-findings-from-130-007-admissions-in-the-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-accreditation-and-quality-improvement-program
#8
Elizabeth R Berger, Kristopher M Huffman, Teresa Fraker, Anthony T Petrick, Stacy A Brethauer, Bruce L Hall, Clifford Y Ko, John M Morton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate readmissions following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated national readmission rates for primary bariatric surgery with national, bariatric-specific data. METHODS: Patients undergoing primary LAGB, LSG, or LRYGB from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014, at 698 centers were identified based upon Current Procedural Terminology codes...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844254/effect-of-protein-intake-on-the-protein-status-and-lean-mass-of-post-bariatric-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Marina Kiyomi Ito, Vivian Siqueira Santos Gonçalves, Silvia Leite Campos Martins Faria, Violeta Moizé, André Luís Porporatti, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra, Graziela De Luca Canto, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Post-bariatric surgery may compromise nutritional status due to energy and protein intake restriction. METHODS: Systematic review was performed to synthesize evidence on the amount of protein intake and its association with lean mass and serum proteins during at least 6 months following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy. RESULTS: Twelve studies (n = 739) were identified in the search. Protein intake below 60 g/day and significant lean mass loss were observed in majority of these studies...
November 14, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842952/-acute-arterial-thrombosis-in-a-context-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
G Raybaud, M Lambert, C Douillard, A F Dessein, S Morell-Dubois, M Guillou, S Haulon, P-Y Hatron
INTRODUCTION: Hyperhomocysteinemia is a biological marker that could be identified in the venous thrombotic events and rarely during acute arterial thrombotic events. The consequences can be serious. Effective diagnostic strategy is needed to optimize the management. CASE REPORT: Following bariatric surgery, a 40-year-old patient was admitted with an acute encephalopathy associated with peripheral lower limb arterial ischemia. The diagnostic work-up identified a major hyperhomocysteinemia whose causes were several...
November 11, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829330/diabetes-and-nutritional-screening-in-post-bariatric-patients
#11
Maria E Pena, Trisha B Newaz
With the rise of obesity there has been a concomitant increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). As a result, the term "diabesity" has become a popular disease entity in the past several years. When lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy fail to achieve successful weight loss and diabetes control, bariatric surgery is a recommended treatment option. Bariatric surgery has been shown to promote sustained T2DM remission in 30-63% of patients and improve other components of metabolic syndrome; thus a preferred term has been "metabolic surgery"...
November 7, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823611/bariatric-surgery-pathophysiology-and-outcomes
#12
REVIEW
Sidra Azim, Sangeeta R Kashyap
Diabetes mellitus and obesity are closely interrelated and pose a major burden on health care in terms of morbidity and mortality. Weight loss has favorable metabolic benefits for glycemic control and improvement of metabolic syndrome. Bariatric surgery (BS) is the most effective treatment for weight loss with durable results as compared to lifestyle modification. BS procedures have been associated with significant reduction in abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome components, and glycemic control requiring fewer medications...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812597/medication-and-nutritional-supplement-use-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery
#13
Charline Fernanda Backes, Edyane Lopes, Airton Tetelbom, Isabela Heineck
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery has been an effective alternative treatment for morbid obesity and has resulted in decreased mortality, better control over comorbidities and reduced use of drugs. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of bariatric surgery on medication drug and nutritional supplement use. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study of before-and-after type, on 69 morbidly obese patients in a public hospital in Porto Alegre. METHODS: Through interviews, the presence of comorbidities and use of drugs with and without prescription were evaluated...
October 31, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804961/quality-of-life-and-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-short-and-long-term-results-and-comparison-with-community-norms
#14
REVIEW
L C H Raaijmakers, S Pouwels, S E M Thomassen, S W Nienhuijs
Currently the effects of bariatric surgery are generally expressed in excess weight loss or comorbidity reduction. Therefore the aim of this review was to provide insight in the available prospective evidence regarding the short and long-term effects of bariatric surgery on Quality of Life (QoL) and a comparison with community norms. A systematic multi-database search was conducted for 'QoL' and 'Bariatric surgery'. Only prospective studies with QoL before and after bariatric surgery were included. The 'Quality Assessment Tool for Before-After Studies with No Control Group' was used to assess the methodological quality...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793212/the-newfoundland-and-labrador-bariatric-surgery-cohort-study-rational-and-study-protocol
#15
Laurie K Twells, Deborah M Gregory, William K Midodzi, Carla Dillon, Christopher S Kovacs, Don MacDonald, Kendra K Lester, David Pace, Chris Smith, Darrell Boone, Raleen Murphy
BACKGROUND: In Canada, there has been a disproportionate increase in adults with Class II (BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2)) or Class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) affecting 9 % of Canadians with increases projected. Individuals affected by severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35) are at increased risk of high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, impaired quality of life, and premature mortality. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), a relatively new type of bariatric surgery, is growing in popularity as a treatment...
October 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771313/food-cravings-and-food-consumption-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-cholecystectomy
#16
Reena Sudan, Ranjan Sudan, Elizabeth Lyden, Jon S Thompson
BACKGROUND: Food cravings and consumption of craved foods after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are poorly understood. Food cravings after bariatric surgery may explain why some patients fail to change eating behaviors after RYGB, and understanding these cravings may provide better information for nutritional counseling to either enhance weight loss or prevent weight regain. OBJECTIVES: To study cravings in RYGB patients and compare them with cholecystectomy (CC) control patients...
September 9, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768400/single-anastomosis-sleeve-ileal-bypass-new-step-in-the-evolution-of-bariatric-surgeries
#17
Tamer M S Salama, Karim Sabry, Yaser El Ghamrini
PURPOSE: Single anastomosis sleeve ileal bypass (SASI) procedure appears as a new metabolic and bariatric surgery based on Santoro's operation, in which a sleeve gastrectomy is followed by a side-to-side gastroileal anastomosis. The study is aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic single anastomosis sleeve ileal bypass with respect to postoperative weight loss and metabolic and nutritional effects on patients. METHODS: Forty-five morbidly obese patients with a mean age of 31...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762312/cardiovascular-effects-of-bariatric-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Andrew J Beamish, Torsten Olbers, Aaron S Kelly, Thomas H Inge
Obesity is a major global health problem, and its multisystem effects are inextricably linked with elevated cardiovascular risk and adverse outcomes. The cardiovascular benefits of reversing obesity in adults are well-established. Compared with other weight-loss strategies, programmes that incorporate bariatric surgery for weight loss are beneficial for sustained BMI reduction. A marked improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia, inflammation, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, has been observed after bariatric surgery...
December 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759978/good-weight-loss-responders-and-poor-weight-loss-responders-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-clinical-and-nutritional-profiles
#19
Gisele Farias, Rubia D Thieme, Laila M Teixeira, Maria Emilia V D Heyde, Solange C Bettini, Rosana B Radominski
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is one of the main treatments for severity obesity, but weight regain after surgery is an important issue. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical and nutritional profiles of good and poor weight loss responders in the late postoperative period after bariatric surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a University Hospital. Patients were divided into good weight loss responders (GWLR) and poor weight loss responders (PWLR) defined as ≥ 50% or < 50% excess weight loss (EWL), respectively, at least 2 years post-surgery...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759067/impact-of-weight-loss-associated-changes-in-detailed-body-composition-as-assessed-by-whole-body-mri-on-plasma-insulin-levels-and-homeostatis-model-assessment-index
#20
M Pourhassan, C-C Glüer, P Pick, W Tigges, M J Müller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effect of weight loss-associated changes in detailed body composition on plasma insulin levels and homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) index to calculate the magnitude of reduction in different adipose tissue depots required to improve insulin sensitivity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 50 subjects aged 20-69 years were studied. The participants were compiled from low-calorie diet interventions and bariatric surgery and differed in their baseline body mass index (BMI; range 21...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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