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apsa outcomes committee

Cynthia D Downard, Casey M Calkins, Regan F Williams, Elizabeth J Renaud, Tim Jancelewicz, Julia Grabowski, Roshni Dasgupta, Milissa McKee, Robert Baird, Mary T Austin, Meghan A Arnold, Adam B Goldin, Julia Shelton, Saleem Islam
PURPOSE: Variation in management characterizes treatment of infants with a congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). This review addresses six clinically applicable questions using available evidence to provide recommendations for the treatment of these patients. METHODS: Questions regarding the management of a pediatric patient with a CPAM were generated. English language articles published between 1960 and 2014 were compiled after searching Medline and OvidSP...
September 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
Pramod S Puligandla, Julia Grabowski, Mary Austin, Holly Hedrick, Elizabeth Renaud, Meghan Arnold, Regan F Williams, Kathleen Graziano, Roshni Dasgupta, Milissa McKee, Monica E Lopez, Tim Jancelewicz, Adam Goldin, Cynthia D Downard, Saleem Islam
OBJECTIVE: Variable management practices complicate the identification of optimal strategies for infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). This review critically appraises the available evidence to provide recommendations. METHODS: Six questions regarding CDH management were generated. English language articles published between 1980 and 2014 were compiled after searching Medline, Cochrane, Embase and Web of Science. Given the paucity of literature on the subject, all studies irrespective of their rank in the levels of evidence hierarchy were included...
November 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Saleem Islam, Casey M Calkins, Adam B Goldin, Catherine Chen, Cynthia D Downard, Eunice Y Huang, Laura Cassidy, Jacqueline Saito, Martin L Blakely, Shawn J Rangel, Marjorie J Arca, Fizan Abdullah, Shawn D St Peter
The aim of this study is to review the current evidence on the diagnosis and management of empyema. The American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Clinical Trials Committee compiled 8 questions to address. A comprehensive review was performed on each topic. Topics included the distinction between parapneumonic effusion and empyema, the optimal imaging modality in evaluating pleural space disease, when and how pleural fluid should be managed, the first treatment option and optimal timing in the management of empyema, the optimal chemical debridement agent for empyema, therapeutic options if chemical debridement fails, therapy for parenchymal abscess or necrotizing pneumonia and duration of antibiotic therapy after an intervention...
November 2012: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Adam B Goldin, Cabrini LaRiviere, Marjorie J Arca, Laura Cassidy, Fizan Abdullah, Steven L Lee, Saleem Islam, Eunice Y Huang, Cynthia D Downard, Robert A Cowles, Catherine Chen, Douglas C Barnhart, Todd Edwards
Pediatric surgery is defined by the rare performance of complex operations in children. As a consequence, pediatric surgeons have difficulty identifying high-level evidence to help guide management decisions. The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Outcomes and Clinical Trials Committee is dedicated to helping our membership identify best practices and appropriate standards for clinical management of pediatric surgical diseases. Often, the best available evidence will be the opinions and experience of our membership, and therefore, quantifying this experience and opinion correctly is of critical importance...
October 2011: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Marjorie J Arca, Daniel H Teitelbaum, Shawn D St Peter, Robert Cowles, Gudrun Aspelund, Laura D Cassidy, Douglas Barnhart, Fizan Abdullah
OBJECTIVE: There is lack of data relating to the research interests and funding of pediatric surgeons within the United States and Canada. These data may be helpful in promoting basic and clinical research among pediatric surgeons. METHODS: The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Outcomes and Clinical Trials Committee developed and administered an online survey via e-mail to the APSA membership to help characterize research activities and funding. The survey was available for completion during December of 2009...
October 2010: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Robert W Letton, Veronica Worrell
BACKGROUND: Blunt intestinal injury (BII) requiring surgical intervention in the pediatric trauma population remains difficult to diagnose. We sought to determine whether delay in treatment had an adverse affect on patient outcome. METHODS: A multi-institutional retrospective chart review using the American Pediatric Surgical Association Committee on Trauma was initiated after Institutional Review Board approval was obtained at each of the 18 institutions. All children younger than 15 years diagnosed with a BII were identified, and only those with BII noted during surgery or autopsy from January 2002 through December 2007 were included...
January 2010: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Timothy D Kane, Mark F Brown, Mike K Chen
The use of the laparoscopic approach to perform antireflux procedures has increased dramatically since its introduction in 1991. To date, no prospective randomized studies comparing open surgery to the minimal invasive approach in children have been reported. Many retrospective reviews and case series have demonstrated that laparoscopic antireflux procedures are safe and effective once the learning curve is achieved. This position paper is coauthored by the New Technology Committee of the American Pediatric Surgery Association...
May 2009: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2002: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
S Stylianos
PURPOSE: This study is intended to resolve the disparity and reach consensus on issues regarding the treatment of children with isolated spleen or liver injuries. To maximize patient safety and assure efficient, cost-effective utilization of resources, it was essential to determine current practice. METHODS: Data from the case records of 856 children with isolated spleen or liver injury treated at 32 pediatric surgical centers from July 1995 to June 1997 were collected...
February 2000: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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