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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070478/the-effect-of-modifiable-healthy-practices-on-higher-level-functional-capacity-decline-among-japanese-community-dwellers
#1
Rei Otsuka, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Yuki Kato, Mariko Nakamoto, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata, Takao Suzuki
This study aimed to clarify the effects of the accumulation of 8 modifiable practices related to health, including smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, sleeping hours, body mass index, dietary diversity, ikigai (life worth living), and health checkup status, on higher-level functional capacity decline among Japanese community dwellers. Data were derived from the National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging. Subjects comprised 1269 men and women aged 40 to 79 years at baseline (1997-2000) who participated in a follow-up postal survey (2013)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064171/back-complaints-in-the-elders-in-brazil-and-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-comparison
#2
Fabianna R Jesus-Moraleida, Paulo H Ferreira, Manuela L Ferreira, Juscelio P Silva, Christopher G Maher, Wendy T M Enthoven, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Bart W Koes, Pim A J Luijsterburg, Leani S M Pereira
BACKGROUND: although back pain is most prevalent in older adults, there is a paucity of studies investigating back pain in older people. Our objective was to characterize and compare Brazilian and Dutch older adults presenting to primary care with a new episode of back pain. We also aimed to investigate whether socio-demographic characteristics were associated with pain severity and disability. METHODS: we sourced data on 602 Brazilian and 675 Dutch participants aged ≥55 years with a new episode of back pain from the Back Complaints in the Elders consortium...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063399/sleep-quality-among-elderly-high-altitude-dwellers-in-ladakh
#3
Ryota Sakamoto, Kiyohito Okumiya, Tsering Norboo, Norboo Tsering, Takayoshi Yamaguchi, Mitsuhiro Nose, Shinya Takeda, Toshihiro Tsukihara, Motonao Ishikawa, Shun Nakajima, Taizo Wada, Michiko Fujisawa, Hissei Imai, Yasuko Ishimoto, Yumi Kimura, Eriko Fukutomi, Wenling Chen, Kuniaki Otsuka, Kozo Matsubayashi
It has been already known that people who temporarily stay at high altitude may develop insomnia as a symptom of acute mountain sickness. However, much less is known about people living at high altitude. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of high altitude environment on sleep quality for the elderly who have been living at high altitude for their whole lives. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Domkhar valley at altitudes of 2800-4200m, Ladakh. Sleep quality was assessed using Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)...
December 29, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060916/nocturia-is-associated-with-slipping-and-falling
#4
So Young Kim, Woojin Bang, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
Several reports have demonstrated associations between falls and nocturia in the elderly. However, little information is available regarding other age groups. This study evaluated the relationship between the frequency of nocturia and falls in men using a large, population-based survey in Korea, and the results were adjusted for various confounding factors. Data from a 2011 Korean community health survey (KCHS) were retrieved for 92,660 men aged 19 to 103 years. Information regarding the history of slips or falls in the past year was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060086/sex-specific-associations-between-self-reported-sleep-duration-cardiovascular-disease-hypertension-and-mortality-in-an-elderly-population
#5
Anders Broström, Ake Wahlin, Urban Alehagen, Martin Ulander, Peter Johansson
BACKGROUND: Both short and long sleep durations have been associated to increased mortality. Knowledge about sex-specific differences among elderly regarding associations between sleep duration, cardiovascular health, and mortality is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to examine the association between self-reported sleep duration and mortality and to investigate whether this association is sex specific and/or moderated by cardiovascular morbidity, and also to explore potential mediators of sleep duration effects on mortality...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055285/sleep-disordered-breathing-is-associated-with-higher
#6
Peter D Ahiawodzi, Richard A Kerber, Kira C Taylor, Frank D Groves, Elizabeth O'Brien, Joachim H Ix, Jorge R Kizer, Luc Djoussé, Russell P Tracy, Anne B Newman, David S Siscovick, John Robbins, K Mukamal
CONTEXT: Carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) results from oxidative stress and has been linked to cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) - a source of oxidative stress- and CML. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1002 participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) were studied. RESULTS: Women with SDB had significantly higher CML concentration compared with those without SDB (OR = 1...
January 5, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049503/effects-of-a-mutual-recovery-intervention-on-mental-health-in-depressed-elderly-community-dwelling-adults-a-pilot-study
#7
Chao Wang, Yujie Hua, Hua Fu, Longfeng Cheng, Wen Qian, Junyang Liu, Paul Crawford, Junming Dai
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression in the elderly is growing worldwide, and the population aging in China makes depression a major health problem for the elderly adults and a tremendous burden to the society. Effective interventions should be determined to provide an approach solving the problem and improving the situation. This study examined the effectiveness of a mutual recovery program intervention on depressive symptom, sleep quality, and well-being in community-dwelling elderly adults with depressive symptom in Shanghai...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045040/the-fall-of-sleep-k-complex-in-alzheimer-disease
#8
Luigi De Gennaro, Maurizio Gorgoni, Flaminia Reda, Giulia Lauri, Ilaria Truglia, Susanna Cordone, Serena Scarpelli, Anastasia Mangiaruga, Aurora D'atri, Giordano Lacidogna, Michele Ferrara, Camillo Marra, Paolo Maria Rossini
Although a slowing of electroencephalographic (EEG) activity during wakefulness and -to some extent- sleep of Alzheimer disease (AD) patients (i.e., increased slow-frequency activity) was documented, recent findings in healthy elderly show a decreased 0.6-1 Hz slow wave activity (SWA) during NREM, which was associated to β-amyloid deposition and impaired hippocampal memory consolidation. We hypothesize that the apparent contradiction may be explained by the partial overlap between 0.6-1 Hz EEG activity and K-Complex (KC)...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044184/-outcome-predictors-for-copd-patients-hospitalized-for-acute-exacerbation
#9
M Spielmanns, F Axer, C Nell, A R Koczulla, T Boeselt, F Magnet, J H Storre, W Windisch
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors for clinical failure of acute exacerbation in patients with COPD (AECOPD) are of special importance in order to choose an adequate therapy and resources during inpatient treatment. Our database was analyzed to identify predictors for a negative outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis medical records of 616 patients (299 women; 317 men) hospitalized for AECOPD between January 2011 and January 2016 were analyzed in order to evaluate demographic and clinical parameters leading to adverse events...
January 2, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039650/is-bariatric-surgery-safe-in-the-elderly-population
#10
Federico Perez Quirante, Lisandro Montorfano, Rajmohan Rammohan, Nisha Dhanabalsamy, Aaron Lee, Samuel Szomstein, Emanuele Lo Menzo, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has proven to be the most effective treatment for morbid obesity in all age groups and is considered superior to medical treatment. The aim of our study was to report the outcomes of bariatric surgery in patients over 65 years of age at our institution. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted of all patients > 65 years who underwent a bariatric procedure between 2005 and 2015 at our institution...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039313/the-link-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-cognition-in-the-elderly-new-opportunities
#11
Sanford Auerbach, Kristine Yaffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019714/a-prospective-study-of-the-association-between-total-sleep-duration-and-incident-hypertension
#12
Dhananjay Yadav, Dae Sung Hyun, Song Vogue Ahn, Sang-Baek Koh, Jang Young Kim
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate total sleep duration as a potential risk factor for the development of hypertension after a mean of 2.6 years of follow-up. The study participants comprised 1715 Korean adults aged 40 to 70 years. The participants were without hypertension at baseline (2005-2008) and during follow-up (2008-2011) to determine the incident cases of hypertension. Based on a self-reported questionnaire, the individuals were stratified according to total sleep duration (<6 hours, 6-7...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017466/trazodone-utilization-among-the-elderly-in-spain-a-population-based-study
#13
Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Consuelo Huerta Álvarez, Patricia García Poza, Dolores Montero Corominas, César de la Fuente Honrubia
INTRODUCTION: Trazodone was authorized for the treatment of depression in the 1970s. Several additional therapeutic uses have been proposed due to its heterogeneous mechanism. This study aims to determine the use of trazodone in the elderly in Spain. METHODS: A nationwide, longitudinal and descriptive analysis was conducted using data from patients aged >65 years with a first prescription of trazodone during the period 2002-2011. Information on dose, comorbidities and relevant co-medication was gathered from the Spanish Primary Care database BIFAP...
December 21, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013552/depression-and-sleep-quality-in-older-adults-a-meta-analysis
#14
Nathália B Becker, Saul N Jesus, Karine A D R João, João N Viseu, Rute I S Martins
The literature emphasizes depression and poor sleep quality as problems that affect many elderly individuals. However, these problems have been related in few studies and there is no meta-analysis performed so far on this relationship. The present research reviewed the studies performed on the subjective sleep quality in order to understand how it relates to depression in older adults. The review was conducted in January 2016 and comprised publications between 2005 and 2015. Based on the electronic databases Web of Science and EBSCO, we used the keywords 'sleep quality', 'depression', and 'older' to identify the empirical studies performed...
December 26, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013364/rest-activity-patterns-and-falls-and-fractures-in-older-men
#15
Tara S Rogers, Terri L Blackwell, Nancy E Lane, Greg Tranah, Eric S Orwoll, Jane A Cauley, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Katie L Stone, Steven R Cummings, Peggy M Cawthon
: Dysregulated rest-activity rhythm (RAR) patterns have been associated with several health conditions in older adults. This study showed that later acrophase was associated with a modestly greater risk of falls but not fractures in elderly men. Associations between dysregulated RAR patterns and osteoporosis risk warrant further investigation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between rest-activity rhythm (RAR) patterns and risk of falls/fractures in older men...
December 24, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998435/-association-of-sleep-quality-with-hypertension-in-the-elderly-of-jino-nationality-a-multilevel-model-analysis
#16
Y Mao, J Zhou, T S Chu, J H Luo, C M Lai, Q Zhang, B X Qi
Objective: To evaluate the association of sleep quality with hypertension in the elderly population aged 60 years and older of Jino nationality. Methods: In August 2015, a cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in 805 subjects sampled by multistage stratified and cluster sampling from the elderly population of Jino nationality, the sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, a poor sleep group was defined as having a global PSQI score>7, a good sleep group was with a score of 7 or less), and the multilevel Logistic regression model was applied to analyze the association of sleep quality with hypertension...
December 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998419/-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-influencing-factors-related-to-the-quality-of-sleep-among-community-population-aged-60-and-older-in-china
#17
J Zeng, M Liu, L Wu, J H Wang, S S Yang, Y Y Wang, Y Yao, Y He
Objective: To systematically evaluate the influencing factors on quality of sleep among community elderly population aged ≥60 years in China. Methods: Literature review was conducted using databases of PubMed, EMbase, CBM, CNKI and Wanfang to collect data regarding influencing factors on quality of sleep. Both qualitative and quantitative analysis were performed to pool the eligible studies. Results: Sixteen cross-sectional studies were included. Data from both qualitative and quantitative analysis showed that the elderly population who had ever married (OR=0...
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991465/specific-and-combined-subjective-responses-to-noise-and-their-association-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#18
Zdenka Vandasova, Ondřej Vencálek, Vladimíra Puklová
INTRODUCTION: Noise is one of the most extensive environmental factors affecting the general population. The present study is focused on the association between discomfort caused by noise and the incidence of certain diseases (ischaemic heart disease, stroke and hypertension). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire study, conducted in 10 cities in the Czech Republic, comprises two stages with 3592 obtained questionnaires in the first phase and 762 in the second phase...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976622/exploration-of-sleep-disorders-in-the-elderly-which-particularities
#19
Vi-Huong Nguyen-Michel, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini
There are many reasons to take into consideration the sleep disorders in the elderly. The sleep quality degrades with age and is strongly affected by medical conditions, intrinsic sleep disorders, or by a combination of these factors. Other age-related conditions such as severe dementia, dependence or living in institution worsen sleep disturbances in older people. When living alone elderly people, being cognitively impaired and medically disabled, may not be able to complain about sleep problems. Sleep disorders are thus underdiagnosed, unmarked, and insufficiently investigated in the elderly...
December 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972297/economic-benefits-of-cpap-treatment-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-elderly
#20
S S Park, J Menzin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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