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Probiotic and respiratory infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782464/use-of-probiotics-in-the-prevention-of-nosocomial-infections
#1
Ivana Trivić, Iva Hojsak
Nosocomial, hospital-acquired or health care-associated infections occur worldwide, affecting both developed and developing countries. This results in a prolonged hospital stay, increased antimicrobial resistance, increased mortality rate, and significant financial burden on the health care system. Routine preventive measures have led to the decrease in infection spreading; however, it cannot successfully prevent all of them, making a place for the development of new strategies, including probiotics. The aim of this review was to summarize available evidence of the role of probiotics in the prevention of nosocomial infections in children...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778843/a-synbiotic-improves-the-immunity-of-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-metabolomic-analyses-reveal-compelling-evidence
#2
Truong-Giang Huynh, Ann-Chang Cheng, Chia-Chun Chi, Kuo-Hsun Chiu, Chun-Hung Liu
In this study, we examined the synergistic effects of a diet-administered synbiotic comprising galactooligosaccharide (GOS) and the probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum 7-40 on immune responses, immune-related gene expressions, and disease resistance to Vibrio alginolyticus in white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. To unravel the regulatory role of the synbiotic in activating the immune system of shrimp, 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomic analyses were used to investigate hepatopancreas metabolites, then significantly altered metabolites were confirmed in both the hepatopancreas and plasma by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and spectrophotometric analyses...
May 17, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752587/probiotics-for-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-attending-day-care-centers-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Rikke Pilmann Laursen, Iva Hojsak
Probiotics have been suggested to have a preventive effect on respiratory tract infections (RTIs), but limited evidence exist on strain-specific effects. The main aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate strain-specific probiotic effects on RTIs in children attending day care. We included 15 RCTs with 5121 children in day care settings (aged 3 months to 7 years), but due to high diversity in reported outcomes, different number of RCTs were available for evaluated outcomes. Twelve RCTs (n = 4527) reported results which could be compared in at least one outcome of the meta-analysis...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741754/probiotics-to-prevent-respiratory-infections-in-nursing-homes-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Biao Wang, Tammy Hylwka, Marek Smieja, Michael Surrette, Dawn M E Bowdish, Mark Loeb
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of conducting a large clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of probiotics to reduce influenza and other respiratory virus infections in residents of long-term and chronic care facilities (LTCFs). DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Fourteen nursing homes in Hamilton and surrounding region, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents aged 65 and older (N=209)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713493/prophylaxis-of-acute-respiratory-infections-via-improving-the-immune-system-in-late-preterm-newborns-with-e-coli-strain-nissle-1917-a-controlled-pilot-trial
#5
Mykola L Aryayev, Liudmyla I Senkivska, Nataliya K Bredeleva, Irina V Talashova
Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs), caused by the high level of immaturity of the immune system, are a major cause of morbidity in preterm newborns. The probiotic Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) is well known for its immuno-modulatory properties and may therefore enhance the immune competence. Thus, EcN administration may provide a promising possibility to decrease the risk of ARIs in this vulnerable group of children. However, clinical data supporting or refuting this hypothesis are, to our knowledge, not available...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694997/role-of-lactoferrin-in-neonates-and-infants-an-update
#6
Paolo Manzoni, Alberto Dall'Agnola, Daniel Tomé, David A Kaufman, Elena Tavella, Marta Pieretto, Alessandro Messina, Daniele De Luca, Marc Bellaiche, Alexis Mosca, Hugues Piloquet, Umberto Simeoni, Jean-Charles Picaud, Antonio Del Vecchio
Lactoferrin is one of the most represented and important bioactive proteins in human and mammal milk. In humans, lactoferrin is responsible for several actions targeting anti-infective, immunological, and gastrointestinal domains in neonates, infants, and young children. Evidence-based data vouch for the ability of supplemented lactoferrin to prevent sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants and to reduce the burden of morbidity related to gastrointestinal and respiratory pathogens in young children...
May 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626669/the-effects-of-feeding-lactobacillus-pentosus-on-growth-immunity-and-disease-resistance-in-haliotis-discus-hannai-ino
#7
Gao Xiaolong, Zhang Mo, Li Xian, Han Yin, Wu Fucun, Liu Ying
To study the effects of probiotic-added food on the survival and growth of abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino), the expression levels of nonspecific immune genes and the anti-Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection were examined. During an 8-week culturing experiment in an indoor aquarium and a 2-week V. parahaemolyticus artificial infection experiment, the control group was fed with untreated food once a day, while the experimental groups (L1, L2 and L3) were fed with Lactobacillus pentosus added food. The concentration of probiotics in the experimental food was 103  cfu/g (L1), 105  cfu/g (L2) and 107  cfu/g (L3), respectively...
April 4, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570585/probiotics-for-modification-of-the-incidence-or-severity-of-respiratory-tract-infections
#8
Joan L Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542189/risks-for-upper-respiratory-infections-in-infants-during-their-first-months-in-day-care-included-environmental-and-child-related-factors
#9
Rikke Pilmann Laursen, Anni Larnkjaer, Christian Ritz, Iva Hojsak, Kim Michaelsen, Christian Mølgaard
AIM: We examined the frequency and potential risk factors for respiratory infections, diarrhoea and absences in infants during their first months in day care. METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprised 269 Danish infants aged eight months to 14 months and was part of a study that examined how probiotics affected absences from day care due to respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. The risk factors examined were the household, child characteristics and type of day care facility...
March 14, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518131/are-the-immunomodulatory-properties-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-crl1505-peptidoglycan-common-for-all-lactobacilli-during-respiratory-infection-in-malnourished-mice
#10
Yanina Kolling, Susana Salva, Julio Villena, Susana Alvarez
Previously, we reported that Lactobacillus rhamnosus CRL1505 peptidoglycan (PG05) improves the innate immune response in immunocompromised-malnourished mice after Streptococcus pneumoniae infection. This study extends those previous findings by demonstrating that the dietary recovery of malnourished mice with nasal administration of PG05 improves not only the innate immune response but the respiratory and systemic adaptive humoral response as well. PG05 enhanced the Th2 response, the recovery of B cells, and the concentration and opsonophagocytic activity of anti-pneumococcal antibodies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462749/effects-of-a-probiotic-bacillus-licheniformis-on-the-growth-immunity-and-disease-resistance-of-haliotis-discus-hannai-ino
#11
Xiaolong Gao, Mo Zhang, Xian Li, Yin Han, Fucun Wu, Ying Liu
To study the effects of a probiotic (Bacillus lincheniformis) on the survival and growth of Haliotis discus hannai Ino, the expression levels of nonspecific immune genes and the resistance to Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection were assessed. Abalones (shell length: 27.64 ± 1.59 mm, body weight: 4.17 ± 0.32 g) were selected for use in an 8-week culture experiment and a 2-week V. parahaemolyticus artificial infection experiment. In both experiments, the control group (C) was fed with a basal feed and the experimental groups were fed with experimental food prepared by spraying the probiotic on the basal feed at different concentrations: 103 (B1), 105 (B2), and 107 (B3) cfu/mL...
May 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363055/upper-respiratory-symptoms-gut-health-and-mucosal-immunity-in-athletes
#12
REVIEW
Candice Colbey, Amanda J Cox, David B Pyne, Ping Zhang, Allan W Cripps, Nicholas P West
Upper respiratory symptoms remain the most common illness in athletes. Upper respiratory symptoms during heavy training and competition may impair performance. Preventing illness is the primary reason for the use of supplements, such as probiotics and prebiotics, for maintaining or promoting gut health and immune function. While exercise-induced perturbations in the immune system may increase susceptibility to illness and infection, growing evidence indicates that upper respiratory symptoms are related to a breakdown in the homeostatic regulation of the mucosal immune system of the airways...
March 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345167/dietary-supplements-for-health-adaptation-and-recovery-in-athletes
#13
REVIEW
Eric S Rawson, Mary P Miles, D Enette Larson-Meyer
Some dietary supplements are recommended to athletes based on data that supports improved exercise performance. Other dietary supplements are not ergogenic per se, but may improve health, adaptation to exercise, or recovery from injury, and so could help athletes to train and/or compete more effectively. In this review, we describe several dietary supplements that may improve health, exercise adaptation, or recovery. Creatine monohydrate may improve recovery from and adaptation to intense training, recovery from periods of injury with extreme inactivity, cognitive processing, and reduce severity of or enhance recovery from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#14
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
March 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232848/a-metagenomic-and-in-silico-functional-prediction-of-gut-microbiota-profiles-may-concur-in-discovering-new-cystic-fibrosis-patient-targeted-probiotics
#15
Pamela Vernocchi, Federica Del Chierico, Andrea Quagliariello, Danilo Ercolini, Vincenzina Lucidi, Lorenza Putignani
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-limiting hereditary disorder that results in aberrant mucosa in the lungs and digestive tract, chronic respiratory infections, chronic inflammation, and the need for repeated antibiotic treatments. Probiotics have been demonstrated to improve the quality of life of CF patients. We investigated the distribution of gut microbiota (GM) bacteria to identify new potential probiotics for CF patients on the basis of GM patterns. Fecal samples of 28 CF patients and 31 healthy controls (HC) were collected and analyzed by 16S rRNA-based pyrosequencing analysis of GM, to produce CF-HC paired maps of the distribution of operational taxonomic units (OTUs), and by Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) for Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) biomarker prediction...
December 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226031/sodium-salt-medium-chain-fatty-acids-and-bacillus-based-probiotic-strategies-to-improve-growth-and-intestinal-health-of-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata
#16
Paula Simó-Mirabet, M Carla Piazzon, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Álvaro Ortiz, Mónica Puyalto, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
Background: The increased demand for fish protein has led to the intensification of aquaculture practices which are hampered by nutritional and health factors affecting growth performance. To solve these problems, antibiotics have been used for many years in the prevention, control and treatment against disease as well as growth promoters to improve animal performance. Nowadays, the use of antibiotics in the European Union and other countries has been completely or partially banned as a result of the existence of antibiotic cross-resistance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214927/probiotic-supplementation-in-sports-and-physical-exercise-does-it-present-any-ergogenic-effect
#17
Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Amanda Beatriz de Oliveira Garcia, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Julio Tirapegui
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are live microorganisms that promote health benefits to the host. Evidence indicates that some probiotic strains play an immunomodulatory role and reduce the incidence of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in athletes and in physical activity practitioners. For this reason, probiotic supplementation could indirectly improve exercise performance. However, recent studies have observed direct ergogenic effects of probiotics, but the mechanisms of action are poorly elucidated...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210921/celiac-disease-by-the-age-of-13-years-is-not-associated-with-probiotics-administration-in-infancy
#18
Emma Merike Savilahti, Jorma Ilonen, Anna Kaarina Kukkonen, Erkki Savilahti, Mikael Kuitunen
Probiotics are theoretically promising in primary prevention of celiac disease (CD), but research evidence on the topic is scarce. We used the data and material of a clinical double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial on primary allergy prevention (n = 1223) to investigate in an exploratory study whether administration of a mix of pro- and prebiotics during late pregnancy and first 6 months of life was associated with prevalence of CD during 13-year follow-up. Children who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for CD (n = 11) and subjects with a serum sample available for analyzing CD-antibodies (n = 867) were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189253/probiotics-in-preventing-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#19
REVIEW
JoAnn D Long, Andrea Morris
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library. For more information, see http://nursingcare.cochrane.org.
December 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162546/evaluation-of-probiotic-bacillus-aerius-b81e-isolated-from-healthy-hybrid-catfish-on-growth-disease-resistance-and-innate-immunity-of-pla-mong-pangasius-bocourti
#20
Ratchanu Meidong, Kulwadee Khotchanalekha, Sompong Doolgindachbaporn, Takahiro Nagasawa, Miki Nakao, Kenji Sakai, Saowanit Tongpim
Infectious diseases have been found to be a major cause of mortality in fish hatcheries. Probiotics have been introduced to replace antibiotics commonly used for treatment of bacterial infection in aquaculture. This study was conducted to isolate, screen, and evaluate the probiotic Bacillus spp. for potential use as a feed supplement to enhance fish growth, disease resistance and innate immunity of Pla-mong Pangasius bocourti. Bacillus aerius strain B81e was selectively isolated from the intestine of healthy catfish and chosen based on its probiotic properties both in vitro and in vivo...
February 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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