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Probiotic and respiratory infection

D Ayoub, L R Lopetuso, F Chamseddine, A Dajani, K Lahiri, H Mahmoud, M S Miqdady, G Zirizzotti, M A Sultan, F Franceschi, A Gasbarrini
OBJECTIVE: Gastroenteritis represents with respiratory tract infection the most common infectious disease syndrome of humans in developing countries. Gut microbiota regional variation and dysbiosis play a crucial role in triggering and worsening this devastating GI disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With this manuscript, we want to explore and emphasize the critical aspect of acute gastroenteritis in Middle-East Countries and its correlation with the clinical aspect of gut microbiota modification and intestinal homeostasis...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Febriyansyah Saputra, Ya-Li Shiu, Yo-Chia Chen, Asthervina Widyastami Puspitasari, Ridha Handriany Danata, Chun-Hung Liu, Shao-Yang Hu
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens has attracted attention as a probiotic in aquaculture due to its immunostimulatory activity against pathogenic infection. Xylanases are extensively used in animal feed to degrade plant ingredients, enhancing nutrient utilization and increasing the growth rate of various animals. In the present study, the effects of dietary supplementation with B. amyloliquefaciens and xylanase-expressing B. amyloliquefaciens R8 on the growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and immunity against Aeromonas hydrophila were evaluated...
September 23, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Fang Jia
Streptococcus salivarius is a nonpathogenic Gram-positive bacterium and the predominant colonizer of the oral microbiota. It finds a wide application in the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections, also reducing the frequency of other main pathogens. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of the oral probiotic S. salivarius JF.
2016: Genome Announcements
Timothy D H Smith, Hilary Watt, Laura Gunn, Josip Car, Robert J Boyle
PURPOSE: Evidence from studies mainly in children has shown that orally administered probiotics may prevent respiratory tract infections and associated antibiotic use. We evaluated whether advice to take daily probiotics can reduce antibiotic prescribing for winter respiratory tract infections in people with asthma. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled, parallel-group pragmatic study for participants aged 5 years and older with asthma in a UK primary care setting...
September 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Vania Patrone, Paola Molinari, Lorenzo Morelli
Probiotics are actively used for treatment of diarrhoea, respiratory infections, and prevention of infectious gastrointestinal diseases. The efficacy of probiotics is due to strain-specific features and the number of viable cells; however, several reports of deviations from the label in the actual content of strains in probiotic products are a matter of concern. Most of the available data on quality focuses on probiotic products containing lactobacilli and/or bifidobacteria, while very few data are available on spore-forming probiotics...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
B Popova, D Mitev, A Nikolov
Breast feeding provides a lot of short and long-term benefits for the mother and the baby. It prevents the baby of gastrointestinal, urinary and respiratory infections, atopical conditions and assures long-term protection of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The breast feeding decreases the risk for the mother of ovary and breast carcinoma and creates a positive emotional bond between the mother and the baby Mother's milk is a species specific; its content is relatively stable regardless of mother's age race, way and place of living...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Yizhong Wang, Xiaolu Li, Ting Ge, Yongmei Xiao, Yang Liao, Yun Cui, Yucai Zhang, Wenzhe Ho, Guangjun Yu, Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) represent one of the main health problems in children. Probiotics are viable bacteria that colonize the intestine and affect the host intestinal microbial balance. Accumulating evidence suggests that probiotic consumption may decrease the incidence of or modify RTIs. The authors systematically reviewed data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the effect of probiotic consumption on RTIs in children. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were systematically searched for RCTs regarding the effect of probiotics on RTIs in children...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
E Bruzzese, M C Fedele, D Bruzzese, S Viscovo, A Giannattasio, C Mandato, P Siani, A Guarino
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections are a major public health issue and preventative strategies using probiotics and micronutrients are being evaluated. AIM: To investigate the efficacy of a mixture of Lactobacillus GG and micronutrients in preventing nosocomial infections in children. METHODS: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in hospitalised children. Children (6 months to 5 years of age) received Lactobacillus GG (6 × 10(9) CFU/day) together with vitamins B and C and zinc or placebo, for 15 days, starting on the first day of hospitalisation...
September 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
O V Kalyuzhin, S S Afanasyev, A S Bykov
This review analyzes is expedient to use oral probiotics for the stimulation of immune response against pathogens in the respiratory tract. It considers a relationship between.mucosal microbial colonization in different biotopes of the body and mucosal.immunity in the respiratory tract. The principal and terminological controversial issues of colonic dysbiosis and the possibilities of using the medicines and products containing live commensals/symbionts to correct microbiota disturbances are examined...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Emília Dvorožňáková, Barbora Bucková, Zuzana Hurníková, Viera Revajová, Andrea Lauková
This study focusses on the effect of probiotic (bacteriocinogenic) strains on parasite infection and innate immunity - phagocytosis and oxidative burst of blood monocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) in mice infected with Trichinella spiralis. Bacteriocinogenic and probiotic strains of different origin (Enterococcus faecium AL41=CCM8558, Enterococcus durans ED26E/7, Lactobacillus fermentum AD1=CCM7421, Lactobacillus plantarum 17L/1) were administered daily in dose of 10(9)CFU/ml in 100μl and mice were infected with 400 larvae of T...
July 7, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Danica Michalickova, Rajna Minic, Nenad Dikic, Marija Andjelkovic, Marija Kostic-Vucicevic, Tamara Stojmenovic, Ivan Nikolic, Brizita Djordjevic
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted to evaluate if Lactobacillus helveticus Lafti L10 (Lallemand Health Solutions, Montreal, Que., Canada) supplementation during 14 weeks in winter can influence the duration, severity, and incidence of upper respiratory tract illness (URTI), as well as to monitor different immune parameters in the population of elite athletes. Before and after the treatment, cardiopulmonary testing and self-rated state of moods evaluation (by Profile of Mood States questionnaire) were performed and blood samples were collected...
July 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Michael Gleeson, Nicolette C Bishop, Lauren Struszczak
AIMS: To assess evidence of health and immune benefit by consumption of a Lactobacillus casei Shirota probiotic in highly physically active people. METHODS: Single-centre, population-based, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Daily ingestion of probiotic (PRO) or placebo (PLA) for 20 weeks for n = 243 (126 PRO, 117 PLA) university athletes and games players. Subjects completed validated questionnaires on upper respiratory tract infection symptoms (URS) on a daily basis and on physical activity status at weekly intervals during the intervention period...
August 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Mona H Haron, Heather L Tyler, Nirmal D Pugh, Rita M Moraes, Victor L Maddox, Colin R Jackson, David S Pasco
Evidence supports the theory that bacterial communities colonizing Echinacea purpurea contribute to the innate immune enhancing activity of this botanical. Previously, we reported that only about half of the variation in in vitro monocyte stimulating activity exhibited by E. purpurea extracts could be accounted for by total bacterial load within the plant material. In the current study, we test the hypothesis that the type of bacteria, in addition to bacterial load, is necessary to fully account for extract activity...
September 2016: Planta Medica
Andjelka Stojković, Aleksandra Simović, Zoran Bogdanović, Dragić Banković, Mina Poskurica
INTRODUCTION: Urban life is often followed by immune dysfunction and loss of immune tolerance in the youngest children. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine optimal time efficiency of a synbiotic (5 x 10⁹ Lactobacillus acidophilus Rosell-52, Bifidobacterium infantis Rosell-33, Bifidobacterium bifidum Rosell-71) in controlling respiratory infections and wheezing disease. METHODS: We randomly selected a group of children younger than five years, hospitalized earlier, and classified them into three groups...
January 2016: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Arthur C Ouwehand, Sofia Forssten, Ashley A Hibberd, Anna Lyra, Buffy Stahl
Probiotics are live microorganisms, mainly belonging to the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, although also strain of other species are commercialized, that have a beneficial effect on the host. From the perspective of antibiotic use, probiotics have been observed to reduce the risk of certain infectious disease such as certain types of diarrhea and respiratory tract infection. This may be accompanied with a reduced need of antibiotics for secondary infections. Antibiotics tend to be effective against most common diseases, but increasingly resistance is being observed among pathogens...
2016: Annals of Medicine
Haider Abdul-Lateef Mousa
In recent years viral respiratory tract infections, especially influenza viruses, have had a major impact on communities worldwide as a result of unavailability of effective treatment or vaccine. The frequent alterations in the antigenic structures of respiratory viruses, particularly for RNA viruses, pose difficulties in production of effective vaccines. The unavailability of optimal medication and shortage of effective vaccines suggests the requirement for alternative natural therapies. Several herbal remedies were used for prevention and treatment viral respiratory illnesses...
April 6, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
K Kalima, L Lehtoranta, L He, J Pitkäniemi, R Lundell, I Julkunen, M Roivainen, M Närkiö, M J Mäkelä, S Siitonen, R Korpela, A Pitkäranta
Military conscripts are susceptible to respiratory and gastrointestinal tract infections. In previous studies probiotics have shown potency to reduce upper respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. The aim was to study whether probiotic intervention has an impact on seasonal occurrence of upper respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in two different conscript groups. In a randomised, double-blinded, placebo controlled study ( NCT01651195), a total of 983 healthy adults were enrolled from two intakes of conscripts...
September 2016: Beneficial Microbes
Reza Safari, Milad Adel, Carlo C Lazado, Christopher Marlowe A Caipang, Maryam Dadar
The present study evaluated the benefits of dietary administration of host-derived candidate probiotics Enterococcus casseliflavus in juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Experimental diets were prepared by incorporating the microorganisms in the basal feed at 3 inclusion levels (i.e. 10(7) CFU g(-1) of feed [T1], 10(8) CFU g(-1) of feed [T2], 10(9) CFU g(-1) of feed [T3]). The probiotic feeds were administered for 8 weeks, with a group fed with the basal diet serving as control. The effects on growth performance, gut health, innate immunity and disease resistance were evaluated...
May 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Laura Tapiovaara, Minna Kumpu, Harri Mäkivuokko, Matti Waris, Riitta Korpela, Anne Pitkäranta, Birgit Winther
BACKGROUND: Data has emerged on possible beneficial effects of probiotics in respiratory tract viral infections, but it is unclear if the promising positive effects evidenced are due to a reduced viral load during infections. The aims of this work were to investigate the effect of peroral probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (American Type Culture Collection [ATCC], Accession No. 53103) consumption on human rhinovirus (HRV) load in nasopharyngeal lavage samples in experimental HRV infection, and to correlate viral load to clinical symptoms...
August 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
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