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Probiotic and respiratory infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343401/effect-of-probiotic-on-innate-inflammatory-response-and-viral-shedding-in-experimental-rhinovirus-infection-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
R B Turner, J A Woodfolk, L Borish, J W Steinke, J T Patrie, L M Muehling, S Lahtinen, M J Lehtinen
Ingestion of probiotics appears to have modest effects on the incidence of viral respiratory infection. The mechanism of these effects is not clear; however, there is evidence from animal models that the probiotic may have an effect on innate immune responses to pathogens. The purpose of this randomised, placebo-controlled study was to determine the effect of administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis Bl-04 on innate and adaptive host responses to experimental rhinovirus challenge. The effect on the response of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 8 (CXCL8) to rhinovirus infection was defined as the primary endpoint for the study...
March 27, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276942/probiotic-use-in-an-infectious-disease-setting
#2
Gregor Reid
The lethality of infectious diseases and deep concern over growing antimicrobial resistance make it essential that alternative or adjunct therapies be developed. Areas covered: Using papers published in PubMed, a case is presented to consider beneficial microbes as a means to improve management of infectious diseases. Clinical evidence is mounting that certain probiotic microbes can contribute to this armamentarium. These could have an immediate effect against necrotizing enterocolitis, pre- and post-surgical procedures, antibiotic-associated infections, urogenital infections in women and for reducing the severity and duration of respiratory infections...
March 1, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242259/an-isolate-of-haemophilus-haemolyticus-producing-a-bacteriocin-like-substance-that-inhibits-the-growth-of-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae
#3
Roger D Latham, David A Gell, Rory L Fairbairn, A Bruce Lyons, Shakti D Shukla, Kum Yin Cho, David A Jones, Nick M Harkness, Stephen G Tristram
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) frequently colonises the upper respiratory tract and is an important cause of respiratory infections. Resistance to antibiotics is an emerging trend in NTHi and alternative prevention or treatment strategies are required. Haemophilus haemolyticus is a common commensal occupying the same niche as NTHi and, if able to produce substances that inhibit NTHi growth, may have a role as a probiotic. In this study, ammonium sulphate extracts from broth culture of 100 H. haemolyticus isolates were tested for the presence of substances inhibitory to NTHi using a well diffusion assay...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228969/prevention-and-treatment-of-neonatal-nosocomial-infections
#4
REVIEW
Jayashree Ramasethu
Nosocomial or hospital acquired infections threaten the survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, and increase cost of care. Premature infants are particularly vulnerable since they often undergo invasive procedures and are dependent on central catheters to deliver nutrition and on ventilators for respiratory support. Prevention of nosocomial infection is a critical patient safety imperative, and invariably requires a multidisciplinary approach. There are no short cuts...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223906/probiotics-and-disease-a-comprehensive-summary-part-3-cardiometabolic-disease-and-fatigue-syndromes
#5
REVIEW
Christy B Williamson, Cathleen M Burns, Crystal M Gossard, Jessica M Pizano, Keren E Dolan, Heather J Finley, Margaret G Gasta, Emily C Parker, Elizabeth A Lipski
This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains, associated with cardiometabolic diseases and fatigue syndromes, studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. This is not an exhaustive review. The table design allows for quick access to supportive data and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. The goal of the probiotics and disease series is to provide clinically useful tools. The first article (part 1) focused on mental health and neurological conditions and the second article (part 2) explored cultured and fermented foods that are commonly available in the United States...
February 2017: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215759/impact-of-ageing-and-a-synbiotic-on-the-immune-response-to-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Sumia Enani, Agnieszka Przemska-Kosicka, Caroline E Childs, Catherine Maidens, Honglin Dong, Lorenza Conterno, Kieran Tuohy, Susan Todd, Margot Gosney, Parveen Yaqoob
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ageing increases risk of respiratory infections and impairs the response to influenza vaccination. Pre- and pro-biotics offer an opportunity to modulate anti-viral defenses and the response to vaccination via alteration of the gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of a novel probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum bv. infantis CCUG 52486, combined with a prebiotic, gluco-oligosaccharide, on the B and T cell response to seasonal influenza vaccination in young and older subjects ...
January 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126556/debaryomyces-hansenii-up-regulates-superoxide-dismutase-gene-expression-and-enhances-the-immune-response-and-survival-in-pacific-red-snapper-lutjanus-peru-leukocytes-after-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-infection
#7
Carlos Angulo, Minerva Maldonado, Karen Delgado, Martha Reyes-Becerril
Application of yeast is increasing to improve welfare and promotes growth in aquaculture. The halotolerant yeast Debaryomyces hansenii is normally a non-pathogenic yeast with probiotic properties and potential source of antioxidant enzymes as superoxide dismutase. Here, first, we characterized the sequence features of MnSOD and icCu/ZnSOD from Pacific red snapper, and second, we evaluated the potential antioxidant immune responses of the marine yeast Debaryomyces hansenii strain CBS004 in leukocytes which were then subjected to Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection...
January 23, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105618/-efficacy-analysis-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-the-treatment-of-406-cases-with-gastrointestinal-disorders
#8
Ning Li, Hongliang Tian, Chunlian Ma, Chao Ding, Xiaolong Ge, Lili Gu, Xuelei Zhang, Bo Yang, Yue Hua, Yifan Zhu, Yan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for gastrointestinal disorders. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 406 patients who underwent FMT from May 2014 to April 2016 in the Intestinal Microenvironment Treatment Centre of Nanjing General Hospital was performed, including patients with constipation(276 cases), recurrent Clostridium Difficile infection (RCDI, 61 cases), ulcerative colitis(44 cases), irritable bowel syndrome (15 cases) and Crohn's disease(10 cases)...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087866/when-can-infants-and-children-benefit-from-probiotics
#9
Paul Dassow, Steven Fox
The latest studies indicate that probiotics can help with colic, eczema, and certain types of diarrhea. They may also help with upper respiratory infections and IBS pain.
November 2016: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064261/clinical-effects-of-prebiotics-in-pediatric-population
#10
Rok Orel, Lea Vodušek Reberšak
CONTEXT: Prebiotics are non-digestible components of food that in a selective manner trigger the expansion of microbes in the gut with valuable effects for the health of the host. In our document, current literature pertaining to the clinical effects of the use of prebiotics for the treatment and prevention of some common pediatric pathology such as infantile colic, constipation, absorption of minerals, weight gain, diarrhea, respiratory infections, and eczema is reviewed. EVIDENCE: Data was collected through search of the MEDLINE, PubMed, UpToDate, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register database as well as through references from relevant articles, all until September 2015...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052594/network-meta-analysis-of-probiotics-to-prevent-respiratory-infections-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
REVIEW
Marina Azambuja Amaral, Gabriela Helena Barbosa Ferreira Guedes, Matias Epifanio, Mario Bernardes Wagner, Marcus Herbert Jones, Rita Mattiello
Probiotics have emerged as a promising intervention for the prevention of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children. Assess the effect of probiotics on prevention of RTIs in children and adolescents. MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, SCIELO, CINAHL, SCOPUS, and Web of Science. Key words: "respiratory tract infections" AND probiotics. Randomized controlled trials RCT assessing the effect of probiotics on RTIs in children and adolescents were included. Two reviewers, working independently, to identify studies that met the eligibility criteria...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888158/metabolomic-profile-of-children-with-recurrent-respiratory-infections
#12
Sara Bozzetto, Paola Pirillo, Silvia Carraro, Mariangela Berardi, Laura Cesca, Matteo Stocchero, Giuseppe Giordano, Stefania Zanconato, Eugenio Baraldi
Recurrent respiratory infections (RRI) represent a widespread condition which has a severe social and economic impact. Immunostimulants are used for their prevention. It is crucial to better characterize children with RRI to refine their diagnosis and identify effective personalized prevention strategies. Metabolomics is a high-dimensional biological method that can be used for hypothesis-free biomarker profiling, examining a large number of metabolites in a given sample using spectroscopic techniques. Multivariate statistical data analysis then enables us to infer which metabolic information is relevant to the biological characterization of a given physiological or pathological condition...
January 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886064/probiotic-supplements-beneficially-affect-tryptophan-kynurenine-metabolism-and-reduce-the-incidence-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-trained-athletes-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Barbara Strasser, Daniela Geiger, Markus Schauer, Johanna M Gostner, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Burtscher, Dietmar Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Prolonged intense exercise has been associated with transient suppression of immune function and an increased risk of infections. In this context, the catabolism of amino acid tryptophan via kynurenine may play an important role. The present study examined the effect of a probiotic supplement on the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and the metabolism of aromatic amino acids after exhaustive aerobic exercise in trained athletes during three months of winter training...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836719/effects-of-the-dietary-supplementation-of-mixed-probiotic-spores-of-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-54a-and-bacillus-pumilus-47b-on-growth-innate-immunity-and-stress-responses-of-striped-catfish-pangasianodon-hypophthalmus
#14
Ho Thi Truong Thy, Nguyen Nhu Tri, Ong Moc Quy, Ravi Fotedar, Korntip Kannika, Sasimanas Unajak, Nontawith Areechon
The study used the mixed probiotics of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 54A and B. pumilus 47B isolated from striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) intestine aiming to stimulate growth performance, innate immunity, stress tolerance of striped catfish. The average weight gain (AWG), specific growth rate (SGR), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were analyzed after fish were fed the mixture of probiotics (B. amyloliquefaciens 54A and B. pumilus 47B) at concentrations of 1 × 10(8), 3 × 10(8), and 5 × 10(8) CFU g(-1) feed for 90 days...
January 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832195/the-clinical-and-economic-impact-of-probiotics-consumption-on-respiratory-tract-infections-projections-for-canada
#15
Irene Lenoir-Wijnkoop, Laetitia Gerlier, Denis Roy, Gregor Reid
INTRODUCTION: There is accumulating evidence supporting the use of probiotics, which are defined as "live micro-organisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host", as a preventive measure against respiratory tract infections (RTI). Two recent meta-analyses showed probiotic consumption (daily intake of 107 to 1010 CFU in any form for up to 3 months) significantly reduced RTI duration, frequency, antibiotic use and work absenteeism. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of probiotic use in terms of number of RTI episodes and days averted, and the number of antibiotic prescriptions and missed workdays averted, in the general population of Canada...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790333/a-multi-strain-synbiotic-may-reduce-viral-respiratory-infections-in-asthmatic-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hamid Ahanchian, Seyed Ali Jafari, Elham Ansari, Toktam Ganji, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Maryam Khalesi, Tooba Momen, Hamidreza Kianifar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a growing problem worldwide. Acute exacerbations impose considerable morbidity, mortality, and increased cost. Viral respiratory infections are the most common cause (80-85%) of pediatric asthma exacerbations and admissions to the hospital. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a new synbiotic Lactocare® on viral respiratory infections and asthma exacerbations in asthmatic children. METHODS: In this double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial, 72 children with mild persistent asthma, aged between 6 and 12 years, were randomized to receive either Lactocare®, a Synbiotic containing 1 billion CFU/Capsule of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Streptococcus thermophilus, Bifidobacterium breve, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium infantis, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, and Fructooligosacharide (Zist Takhmir, Tehran, Iran) or placebo daily for 60 days...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735025/epidemiological-evaluation-of-acute-gastroenteritis-and-therapeutic-approaches-in-middle-east-countries
#17
D Ayoub, L R Lopetuso, F Chamseddine, A Dajani, K Lahiri, H Mahmoud, M S Miqdady, G Zirizzotti, M A Sultan, F Franceschi, A Gasbarrini
OBJECTIVE: Gastroenteritis represents with respiratory tract infection the most common infectious disease syndrome of humans in developing countries. Gut microbiota regional variation and dysbiosis play a crucial role in triggering and worsening this devastating GI disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With this manuscript, we want to explore and emphasize the critical aspect of acute gastroenteritis in Middle-East Countries and its correlation with the clinical aspect of gut microbiota modification and intestinal homeostasis...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670086/dietary-supplementation-with-xylanase-expressing-b-%C3%A2-amyloliquefaciens-r8-improves-growth-performance-and-enhances-immunity-against-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#18
Febriyansyah Saputra, Ya-Li Shiu, Yo-Chia Chen, Asthervina Widyastami Puspitasari, Ridha Handriany Danata, Chun-Hung Liu, Shao-Yang Hu
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens has attracted attention as a probiotic in aquaculture due to its immunostimulatory activity against pathogenic infection. Xylanases are extensively used in animal feed to degrade plant ingredients, enhancing nutrient utilization and increasing the growth rate of various animals. In the present study, the effects of dietary supplementation with B. amyloliquefaciens and xylanase-expressing B. amyloliquefaciens R8 on the growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and immunity against Aeromonas hydrophila were evaluated...
November 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660775/genome-sequence-of-the-oral-probiotic-streptococcus-salivarius-jf
#19
Fang Jia
Streptococcus salivarius is a nonpathogenic Gram-positive bacterium and the predominant colonizer of the oral microbiota. It finds a wide application in the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections, also reducing the frequency of other main pathogens. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of the oral probiotic S. salivarius JF.
2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621158/recommending-oral-probiotics-to-reduce-winter-antibiotic-prescriptions-in-people-with-asthma-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Timothy D H Smith, Hilary Watt, Laura Gunn, Josip Car, Robert J Boyle
PURPOSE: Evidence from studies mainly in children has shown that orally administered probiotics may prevent respiratory tract infections and associated antibiotic use. We evaluated whether advice to take daily probiotics can reduce antibiotic prescribing for winter respiratory tract infections in people with asthma. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled, parallel-group pragmatic study for participants aged 5 years and older with asthma in a UK primary care setting...
September 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
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