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presurgical planning

Seyed Amir Hossein Batouli, Nafiseh Hasani, Sara Gheisari, Ebrahim Behzad, Mohammad Ali Oghabian
Brain lesions cause functional deficits, and one treatment for this condition is lesion resection. In most cases, presurgical planning (PSP) and the information from laterality indices are necessary for maximum preservation of the critical functions after surgery. Language laterality index (LI) is reliably estimated using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); however, this measure is under the influence of some external factors. In this study, we investigated the influence of a number of factors on language LI, using data from 120 patients (mean age=35...
October 11, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Mirza A Baig, Joshua P Klein, Laszlo L Mechtler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuroimaging is an essential tool for the diagnosis and management of brain tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in neuroimaging have allowed for noninvasive visualization of tumors and have changed how brain tumors are diagnosed and treated. Presurgical planning with the use of functional MRI (fMRI) and diffusion tensor MRI helps to preserve eloquent regions of the brain and fiber tracts, thereby decreasing patients' postsurgical morbidity. With the use of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) filtered phase images, diffusion-weighted studies, and perfusion imaging techniques, deciphering posttreatment effects versus tumor progression can be facilitated...
October 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Muhammad T Khan, Roger Oghlakian, Mohamad Z Koubeissi
Determining the language-dominant hemisphere is essential for planning epilepsy surgery. A 60-year-old right-handed woman with epilepsy since age 16 failed a partial right anterior lobectomy at age 21. Later, a brain MRI found extensive right-sided cortical dysplasia and periventricular heterotopia. Subsequently, prolonged video-EEG monitoring localized her seizures to the right temporoparietal region. Functional MRI was inconclusive in lateralizing her language, prompting a Wada test, which strongly lateralized language to the right...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Simona Gaudino, Rosellina Russo, Tommaso Verdolotti, Massimo Caulo, Cesare Colosimo
INTRODUCTION: Advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques is an umbrella term that includes diffusion (DWI) and diffusion tensor (DTI), perfusion (PWI), spectroscopy (MRS), and functional (fMRI) imaging. These advanced modalities have improved the imaging of brain tumors and provided valuable additional information for treatment planning. Despite abundant literature on advanced MRI techniques in adult brain tumors, few reports exist for pediatric brain ones, potentially because of technical challenges...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Charles Raybaud
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to analyze how the nature and the behavior of low-grade glial tumors (LGGT) in children may correlate with the anatomy of the cerebral hemispheres and to evaluate the consequent impact of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) techniques in the presurgical assessment. METHODS: This is a combined review of a series of 155 cases of LGGT and of the recent literature on the subject. RESULTS: The cases retrieved from our data bank were divided in central hemispheric tumors (basal ganglia and thalami) (36 cases), glioneuronal cortical-based tumors (49 cases), and glial tumors of the cerebral mantle (70 cases)...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Yuko Tsuruta, Laura Q Rogers, Helen Krontiras, William E Grizzle, Andrew D Frugé, Robert A Oster, Heidi R Umphrey, Lee W Jones, Maria Azrad, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a known risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer and is associated with poorer prognosis for premenopausal and postmenopausal patients; however, the aetiological mechanisms are unknown. Preclinical studies support weight loss via caloric restriction and increased physical activity as a possible cancer control strategy, though few clinical studies have been conducted. We undertook a feasibility trial among women recently diagnosed with stage 0-II breast cancer hypothesising that presurgical weight loss would be feasible, safe and result in favourable changes in tumour markers and circulating biomarkers...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Narayan H Gandedkar, Chai Kiat Chng, Vincent Kok Leng Yeow
Thorough planning and execution is the key for successful treatment of dentofacial deformity involving surgical orthodontics. Presurgical planning (paper surgery and model surgery) are the most essential prerequisites of orthognathic surgery, and orthodontist is the one who carries out this procedure by evaluating diagnostic aids such as crucial clinical findings and radiographic assessments. However, literature pertaining to step-by-step orthognathic surgical guidelines is limited. Hence, this article makes an attempt to provide an insight and nuances involved in the planning and execution...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Andrew Hanna, Edward Ellis
PURPOSE: Numerous studies have shown that tooth size is an important key to ideal occlusion. Bolton (Angle Orthod 28:13, 1958; 48:504, 1962) described a constant ratio between the widths of the upper and lower teeth that must be present to achieve an optimal occlusion. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of Bolton discrepancies in patients with Class II malocclusion scheduled for mandibular advancement surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 126 patients (40 male, 86 female) with Class II malocclusion who had at least a mandibular advancement as part of their surgical treatment...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jeffrey E Thatcher, John J Squiers, Stephen C Kanick, Darlene R King, Yang Lu, Yulin Wang, Rachit Mohan, Eric W Sellke, J Michael DiMaio
Significance: Burn assessments, including extent and severity, are some of the most critical diagnoses in burn care, and many recently developed imaging techniques may have the potential to improve the accuracy of these evaluations. Recent Advances: Optical devices, telemedicine, and high-frequency ultrasound are among the highlights in recent burn imaging advancements. We present another promising technology, multispectral imaging (MSI), which also has the potential to impact current medical practice in burn care, among a variety of other specialties...
August 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
Guillaume Leblond, Luis Gaitero, Noel M Moens, Alex Zur Linden, Fiona M K James, Gabrielle Monteith, John Runciman
BACKGROUND: Canine ventral atlantoaxial (AA) stabilization is most commonly performed in very small dogs and is technically challenging due to extremely narrow bone corridors. Multiple implantation sites have been suggested but detailed anatomical studies investigating these sites are lacking and therefore current surgical guidelines are based upon approximate anatomical landmarks. In order to study AA optimal safe implantation corridors (OSICs), we developed a method based on computed tomography (CT) and semi-automated three-dimensional (3D) mathematical modelling using OsiriX™ and Microsoft®Excel software...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Hiroatsu Murakami, Zhong I Wang, Ahmad Marashly, Balu Krishnan, Richard A Prayson, Yosuke Kakisaka, John C Mosher, Juan Bulacio, Jorge A Gonzalez-Martinez, William E Bingaman, Imad M Najm, Richard C Burgess, Andreas V Alexopoulos
Magnetoencephalography and stereo-electroencephalography are often necessary in the course of the non-invasive and invasive presurgical evaluation of challenging patients with medically intractable focal epilepsies. In this study, we aim to examine the significance of magnetoencephalography dipole clusters and their relationship to stereo-electroencephalography findings, area of surgical resection, and seizure outcome. We also aim to define the positive and negative predictors based on magnetoencephalography dipole cluster characteristics pertaining to seizure-freedom...
August 26, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Ramiro Antonio Pérez-de la Torre, Alejandra Calderón-Vallejo, Hugo Morales-Briceño, David Gallardo-Ceja, Raúl Carrera-Pineda, Gerardo Guinto-Balanzar, Eduardo Magallón-Barajas, Irma Corlay-Noriega, Carlos Cuevas-García
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease justifies the use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in certain patients who suffer from this condition. We present mid-term and long-term post-surgical outcomes in a cohort of 60 patients, who underwent DBS in the Hospital de Especialidades at Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, in Mexico City. METHODS: Patients underwent conventional stereotactic surgery with FrameLink software (Medtronics Inc). This technique consisted in the presurgical evaluation, the placement of stereotactic frame, imaging studies, preoperative planning procedure, microrecording, macrostimulation, as well as the placement of electrodes and generators in two phases...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Kai-Wei Han, Dan-Feng Zhang, Ji-Gang Chen, Li-Jun Hou
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether segmentation and 3D modeling are more accurate in the preoperative detection of the neurovascular relationship (NVR) in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) compared to MRI fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA). METHOD: Segmentation and 3D modeling using 3D Slicer were conducted for 40 patients undergoing MRI FIESTA and microsurgical vascular decompression (MVD). The NVR, as well as the offending vessel determined by MRI FIESTA and 3D Slicer, was reviewed and compared with intraoperative manifestations using SPSS...
November 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Ramsey A Falconer, Sean L Rogers, Cristie M Brewer, Franco Piscitani, Mahesh B Shenai
Simulated surgical environments are rapidly gaining adoption in training students, residents, and members of specialized surgical teams. However, minimal attention has been given to the use of simulated surgical environments to educate patients on surgical processes, particularly procedures that require the active participation of the patient. "Awake" neurosurgery provides a unique situation in which patients openly participate in their operation. We describe a case report, in which a 62-year-old male was referred for "awake" deep brain stimulation implantation, in relation to medically refractory Parkinson's disease...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
Sachintha Hapugoda, Charlie Chia-Tsong Hsu, Gigi Nga Chi Kwan, Trevor William Watkins, John A Rophael
An extremely rare case of duplicated superficial femoral artery (SFA) was incidentally observed on computed tomography angiogram (CTA) of the lower limbs for presurgical planning for an osteomyocutaneous fibula flap in a patient with T4a oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). To our knowledge, this is the sixth reported case in the imaging literature. We performed a comprehensive review of the English literature and discuss the underlying embryological origin underpinning this rare anatomical variant.
July 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
Baran Bozkurt, Kaan Yagmurlu, Erik H Middlebrooks, Ali Karadag, Talat Cem Ovalioglu, Bharathi Jagadeesan, Gauravjot Sandhu, Necmettin Tanriover, Andrew W Grande
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microsurgical anatomy of the fiber tract connections of the supplementary and pre-supplementary motor areas, and its potential functional role with reference to clinical trials in the literature. METHODS: 10 postmortem formalin-fixed human brains (20 sides) and 1 cadaveric head were prepared with Klingler's method. The fiber dissection was performed in a stepwise fashion, both from lateral to medial and medial to lateral under an operating microscope with 3D images captured at every stage...
July 28, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Uche A Menakaya, Luk Rombauts, Neil P Johnson
It has become necessary to re - examine the relevance of diagnostic laparoscopy in the two-stage approach to surgical management of symptomatic women with higher stage endometriosis following emerging evidence demonstrating acceptable diagnostic performance of alternative less invasive and less expensive imaging modalities. We highlight the relative merits of these presurgical diagnostic imaging modalities and propose strategies that address the challenge of transitioning to a new diagnostic paradigm in the management of symptomatic women with higher stage endometriosis...
October 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Tien-Hsiang Wang, Hsu Ma, Ching-Shiow Tseng, Yi-Hong Chou, Kun-Lin Cai
Surgical navigation systems have been an important tool in maxillofacial surgery, helping surgeons create a presurgical plan, locate lesions, and provide guidance. For secondary facial bone reductions, a good presurgical plan and proper execution are the key to success. Previous studies used predetermined markers and screw holes as navigation references; however, unexpected situations may occur, making the predetermined surgical plan unreliable. Instead of determining positions preoperatively, this study proposes a method that surgeons can use intraoperatively to choose surface markers in a more flexible manner...
2016: Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering
Bradley R Buchbinder
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) maps the spatiotemporal distribution of neural activity in the brain under varying cognitive conditions. Since its inception in 1991, blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI has rapidly become a vital methodology in basic and applied neuroscience research. In the clinical realm, it has become an established tool for presurgical functional brain mapping. This chapter has three principal aims. First, we review key physiologic, biophysical, and methodologic principles that underlie BOLD fMRI, regardless of its particular area of application...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
A M Franceschi, G C Wiggins, A Y Mogilner, T Shepherd, S Chung, Y W Lui
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obtaining high-resolution brain MR imaging in patients with a previously implanted deep brain stimulator has been challenging and avoided by many centers due to safety concerns relating to implantable devices. We present our experience with a practical clinical protocol at 1.5T by using 2 magnet systems capable of achieving presurgical quality imaging in patients undergoing bilateral, staged deep brain stimulator insertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protocol optimization was performed to minimize the specific absorption rate while providing image quality necessary for adequate surgical planning of the second electrode placement...
July 14, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
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