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flat fluide

T W Beck, C E Seaman, M R Shahan, S E Mischler
Float dust deposits in coal mine return airways pose a risk in the event of a methane ignition. Controlling airborne dust prior to deposition in the return would make current rock dusting practices more effective and reduce the risk of coal-dust-fueled explosions. The goal of this U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health study is to determine the potential of open-air water sprays to reduce concentrations of airborne float coal dust, smaller than 75 µm in diameter, in longwall face airstreams...
January 2018: Mining Engineering
David R A Ruelas Paredes, Desiderio A Vasquez
We present a thin front model for the propagation of chemical reaction fronts in liquids inside a Hele-Shaw cell or porous media. In this model we take into account density gradients due to thermal and compositional changes across a thin interface. The front separating reacted from unreacted fluids evolves following an eikonal relation between the normal speed and the curvature. We carry out a linear stability analysis of convectionless flat fronts confined in a two-dimensional rectangular domain. We find that all fronts are stable to perturbations of short wavelength, but they become unstable for some wavelengths depending on the values of compositional and thermal gradients...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
Elena Shigorina, Jannes Kordilla, Alexandre M Tartakovsky
We employ a pairwise force smoothed particle hydrodynamics (PF-SPH) model to simulate sessile and transient droplets on rough hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces. PF-SPH allows modeling of free-surface flows without discretizing the air phase, which is achieved by imposing the surface tension and dynamic contact angles with pairwise interaction forces. We use the PF-SPH model to study the effect of surface roughness and microscopic contact angle on the effective contact angle and droplet dynamics. In the first part of this work, we investigate static contact angles of sessile droplets on different types of rough surfaces...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
Nathan Legband, Arielle Black, Craig Kreikemeier-Bower, Benjamin S Terry
Purpose/Aim: In developing a novel peritoneal oxygenation therapy, catheters implanted into the peritoneal cavity became obstructed with omental tissue and prevented the infusion and removal of fluid from the peritoneal cavity. The obstruction of peritoneal catheters is a significant failure in researching various peritoneal treatments as further fluid administration is no longer possible. The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine the most effective catheter design for infusion and removal of fluid into the peritoneal cavity of rats...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Etzer Augustin, Michael Karsy, Jim Bryan, Jian Guan, Richard H Schmidt
Tension pneumocephalus is a rare but dangerous complication of craniotomy, sinus surgery, and traumatic cranial injury. Compared with simple pneumocephalus, which often resolves spontaneously over the course of a few days, tension pneumocephalus tends to increase with ongoing cerebrospinal fluid leak and requires immediate neurosurgical treatment to prevent cerebral herniation. Air transport of patients with tension pneumocephalus for neurosurgical care entails a risk of neurologic worsening because of changes in ambient air pressure with altitude and cabin pressurization...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
L López-Rosales, A Sánchez-Mirón, F García-Camacho, A R Place, Yusuf Chisti, E Molina-Grima
A pilot-scale bioprocess was developed for the production of karlotoxin-enriched extracts of the marine algal dinoflagellate Karlodinium veneficum. A bubble column and a flat-panel photobioreactors (80-281 L) were used for comparative assessment of growth. Flow hydrodynamics and energy dissipation rates (EDR) in the bioreactors were characterized through robust computational fluid dynamic simulations. All cultures were conducted monoseptically outdoors. Bubble column (maximum cell productivity in semicontinuous operation of 58 × 103 cell mL-1 day-1) proved to be a better culture system for this alga...
December 30, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Sandra Herrera, Maggie J Kuhlmann-Capek, Sarah C Rogan, Antonio F Saad, George R Saade, Gary D V Hankins, Luis D Pacheco
OBJECTIVE:  It is unknown whether the heart operates in the ascending or flat portion of the Starling curve during normal pregnancy. Pregnant women do not respond to the passive leg-raising maneuver secondary to mechanical obstruction of the inferior vena cava by the gravid uterus. Our objective was to evaluate if administration of a fluid bolus increases baseline stroke volume (SV) among healthy pregnant patients during the third trimester. STUDY DESIGN:  Healthy pregnant women who underwent elective term cesarean sections were included...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
Shu Zhang, Lachlan J Gibson, Alexander B Stilgoe, Timo A Nieminen, Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop
The characterisation of physical properties in biologically relevant processes and the development of novel microfluidic devices for this purpose are experiencing a great resurgence at present. In many of measurements of this type where a probe in a fluid is used, the strong influence of the boundaries of the volume used is a serious problem. In these geometries the proximity of a probe to a wall can severely influence the measurement. However, although much knowledge has been gained about flat walls, to date, the effect of non-planar surfaces at microscopic scale on rotational motion of micro-objects has not been studied...
December 11, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Andres F Lasave, Martin A Serrano, J Fernando Arevalo
PURPOSE: To report the anatomical and functional response of combined photodynamic therapy and intravitreal injection of bevacizumab in a patient with symptomatic circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. METHODS: The patient received a single-session full-fluence photodynamic therapy immediately followed by an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (1.25 mg/0.05 mL). RESULTS: One week after combined therapy, an improvement of best-corrected visual acuity from count fingers to 20/60 and a significant decrease in subretinal fluid were noted...
November 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Dong Li, Haoli Mao, Zheyuan Yu, Liang Xu, Jie Yuan, Min Wei
Orbital hypertelorism is a common congenital craniofacial anomaly in Asians. As Tessier pointed out, the correction of hypertelorism is effectively the correction of the nasal deformity, which is characterized by a broad, flat nose accompanying an increased interorbital distance and a lack of nasal projection. OBJECTIVES: To measure the changes in the orbital and nasal parameters after Tessier box osteotomy and primary aesthetic rhinoplasty, performed concurrently with otogenous costochondral graft...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Margaret Stautberg Greenwood
How can using an ultrasonic diffraction grating lead to slurry characterization? The diffraction grating, which is formed by machining triangular grooves on the flat surface of an aluminum unit, has send and receive transducers fastened to the unit at an angle of 30°. The ultrasonic beam strikes the back of the grating, in contact with the slurry, and reflects a beam to the receive transducer; m = 0 and m = 1 beams are transmitted into the slurry. The angle of the m = 1 beam changes with frequency and, at the critical frequency fCR, it reaches 90°...
October 5, 2017: Ultrasonics
Giuseppe Soligno, Marjolein Dijkstra, René van Roij
Colloidal particles adsorbed at fluid-fluid interfaces can self-assemble, thanks to capillary interactions, into 2D ordered structures. Recently, it has been predicted by theoretical and numerical calculations [G. Soligno et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2016, 116, 258001] that cubes with smooth edges adsorbed at a flat fluid-fluid interface generate hexapolar capillary deformations that cause the particles to self-assemble into honeycomb and hexagonal lattices, at equilibrium and for Young's contact angle π/2. Here we extend these results...
November 10, 2017: Soft Matter
Houari Ameur, Youcef Kamla, Djamel Sahel
In this paper, the data assembled concerning the agitation of a Newtonian fluid in a cylindrical vessel is disclosed. The stirred vessel is not provided with baffles and has a flat-bottom. The data presents some information on the characteristics of two impellers: a six-blade Rushton turbine and a six-blade paddle impeller. The flow patterns generated by both impellers are depicted and compared. Also, the power required when changing the impeller rotational speed is given. The data summarized here via three-dimensional calculations of velocities and viscous dissipation in the whole volume of the tank provides additional knowledge for the best choice of impellers for each industrial process...
December 2017: Data in Brief
Gilad Kaufman, Wei Liu, Danielle M Williams, Youngwoo Choo, Manesh Gopinadhan, Niveditha Samudrala, Raphael Sarfati, Elsa C Y Yan, Lynne Regan, Chinedum O Osuji
Protein adsorption and assembly at interfaces provides a potentially versatile route to create useful constructs for fluid compartmentalization. In this context, we consider the interfacial assembly of a bacterial biofilm protein, BslA, at air-water and oil-water interfaces. Densely packed, high modulus monolayers form at air-water interfaces leading to the formation of flattened sessile water drops. BslA forms elastic sheets at oil-water interfaces leading to the production of stable monodisperse oil-in-water microcapsules...
November 2, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Steven Idell, Galina Florova, Sreerama Shetty, Torry Tucker, Richard Idell, Kathy Koenig, Ali Azghani, Najib M Rahman, Andrey Komissarov
Complicated pleural effusions and empyema with loculation and failed drainage are common clinical problems. In adults, intrapleural fibrinolytic therapy is commonly used with variable results and therapy remains empiric. Despite the intrapleural use of various plasminogen activators; fibrinolysins, for about sixty years, there is no clear consensus about which agent is most effective. Emerging evidence demonstrates that intrapleural administration of plasminogen activators is subject to rapid inhibition by plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and that processing of fibrinolysins is importantly influenced by other factors including the levels and quality of pleural fluid DNA...
July 2017: Clinical Pulmonary Medicine
Lachit Saikia, Tanmoy Sarkar, Meera Thomas, V A Raghunathan, Anirban Sain, Prerna Sharma
Buckling and wrinkling instabilities are failure modes of elastic sheets that are avoided in the traditional material design. Recently, a new paradigm has appeared where these instabilities are instead being utilized for high-performance applications. Multiple approaches such as heterogeneous gelation, capillary stresses, and confinement have been used to shape thin macroscopic elastic sheets. However, it remains a challenge to shape two-dimensional self-assembled monolayers at colloidal or molecular length scales...
October 27, 2017: Nature Communications
Jeffrey Feaster, Francine Battaglia, Javid Bayandor
Two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is applied to better understand the effects of wing cross-sectional morphology on flow field and force production. The influence of wing cross-section on insect scale flapping flight performance is investigated for the first time using a morphologically representative model of a bee (Bombus pensylvanicus) wing. The bee wing cross-section was determined using a microCT scanner. The results of the bee wing are compared with flat and elliptical cross-sections, representative of those used in modern literature, to determine the impact of profile variation on aerodynamic performance...
October 23, 2017: Biology Open
Amy S Garrett, Toan Pham, Denis S Loiselle, June-Chiew Han, Andrew J Taberner
The performance of mechanical work by isolated cardiac muscle samples has typically been studied by subjecting their tissues to an isotonic shortening protocol, which results in "flat-topped" work-loop profiles. In order to better replicate the forces experienced by these tissues in vivo, we have developed a system for imposing a model-based, time-varying, load on isolated cardiac tissue preparations. A model of systemic afterload was developed from the combination of a Windkessel-type model of vascular fluid impedance, and the Laplace law of the heart, and encoded into a hardware-based control system...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
S Q Wang, Z X Yang, H Li
To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) and to raise awareness of the disease. The characteristics of clinical manifestations, personal history, cardiac ultrasound, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG) and chromosome detection results of two cases with WBS were analyzed. The two patients were both male and the age was 11 months and 1 day, and 9 months and 9 days, respectively. They both suffered from cardiovascular malformation: case one presented supravalvular aortic stenosis, and case two showed atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Rian Shah, Rory Spiegel, Christina Lu, Ivan Crnosija, Sahar Ahmad
BACKGROUND: The collapsibility index of the inferior vena cava is traditionally visualized from the subcostal region in the sagittal plane, referred to here as cIVCSS. Alternatively, the collapsibility index of the inferior vena cava can be visualized from the right midaxillary line in the coronal plane, referred to here as cIVCRC. It is unclear whether values of cIVCRC are comparable with values of cIVCSS because the inferior vena cava collapses asymmetrically into an elliptical form, quantified as the flat ratio of the inferior vena cava (F-IVC)...
October 12, 2017: Chest
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